下载
加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 小宝老师强化班笔记(精简版)

小宝老师强化班笔记(精简版).doc

小宝老师强化班笔记(精简版)

xu喜枝
2019-06-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《小宝老师强化班笔记(精简版)doc》,可适用于综合领域

小宝老师的笔记~自己总结独立性写作八大论证功能段落对立观点引出功能段WhenitreferstopeoplesopinionsaredivergentonsuchacontroversialissueTheoverwhelmingmajoritywouldsupportthatothershowevertakethenegativeattitude个人观点表达功能段AFromthepersonalperspectiveIpreferAratherthanBasmyinclinationBTochooseAorchooseBissthofadelimmatothepublicBecausetheyalwaysconfusedbytheseeminglypositivequalitiesofAbutneglectthegenuinelyprofoundaspectsofB原因概述功能段Amongcountlessfactorswhichdirectlyorindirectlyinfluencethereareseveralconspicuousaspectsasfollows分析列举功能AAttheriskofsomethingtoosimplistic,itseemstomethatthemainpropositionforcanbesummarizedinonesayingthatBAnothereuallyessentialcrucialfactoraccountingformypropensitytoisthatCBeyondalltheseobviousreasons,howeverliesadeeperone利弊分析功能段However,serveasadoubleadgedswordInotherwords,theinferioritiesofconexistitssuperiority例证功能段History,isrepletewithevidencetodemostratethispointAnotablecaseinpionthasanassociationwithintherealmof趋势影响分析功能段Undoubtedlywillgiverisetoamultitudeofpositivenegativeeffectsonintheforeseeablefuture结论段AWeighingtheprosandconsofsuchanewtrend,wemaypredictthatBFromwhatIhavediscussedabove,wemaysafelycometotheconclusionthat大众观点引出ItisconceivablethatItgoeswithoutsayingthatIt…sselfevidentthat关联、关系hasanassociationwithhasahearingoniscloselyrelatedto主题句拓展句结尾句(升华、过渡)因果解释现象引出原因分析结果分析Currently现象hasloomedupwidepublicconcernwhatamazesusmostisthat具体ItistruethatthetrendofthisisseemlyontheriseinallwalksoflifeWemayciteavarietyofreasonsaccountingforthisThemajoronescanbelistedasfollowsFirstandforemostplaysapushingroleInadditionLastbutnotleastAsaconsequence段落举例:JuveniledelinquencyNowadaysJuveniledelinquencyhasbecomeafocalpointunderdiscussionWhatamazesusmostisthattheformsofJDvaryfromstealingrobbingtomurderingItistruethatthetrendofthisisontheriseWemayciteavarietyofreasonsaccountingforthisadolescentcrimesFirstandforemost,themassmediaplaysakeyroleInotherwords,childrenarefrequentlyexposedtoshowsandreportsaboutcrimeandviolenceInaddition,childreninChinaareoftenpamperedandspoiltbytheirparentsLastbutnotleast,todayschildrenhavetofaceamoretemptingworldthaneverbeforeAsaconsequencetheyarepronetocommitcrimes论述体系(问题解决):描述现状建议措施WiththeadvancementofmodernsocietyhasbecomeasocialproblemofpublicconcernMeanwhile,ithasgivenrisetoaseriousofothermattersSuchasAandBSoitishightimeweputanimmediateendtothis“Pandorasbox”ItistruethatawarenessoftheproblemisthefirststeptowardthesolutionAsisknowntoall,wehavefiguredoutseveralefficaciousstepstotacklethisproblemInthefirstplaceInthesecondplaceInthethirdplaceTherefore,onlyinthiswaycanwe段落举例:IncomegapRecentlytheincomegaphasbecomeasocialproblemofpublicconcernMeanwhile,ithasgivenrisetoseriesofothermattersSuchasdelinquencyandviolenceSoitishightimeweputanimmediateendtothis“Pandorasbox”ItistruethatawarenessoftheproblemisthefirststeptowardthesolutionInthefirstplaceweshouldappealtothegovernmenttoimprovethedistributionmechanismMakingitnotonlytransparentbutalsoreasonableduringeconomicdevelopmentMoreemphasesshouldbeplasedontheunderprivilegedgroupofthesocietyespeciallyinthesebackwardareasThereforeonlyinthiswaycanwebuildamoreharmonioussocirty观点论证行论述体系(个人类话题通用)含义提示含义解析AsahumanbeingonecanhardlydowithoutLivinginthesociety,noonecandenythatitisthatenablesustoConsequently,inthismodernsocietywherehasbeenragardedasanecessityforAstowhatmeans,myopinionsdefinitionsareasfollowsFirstofallWhatreallycountsinmymindisthatLastly,段落举例:PerseveranceAsahumanbeingonecanhardlydowithoutperseveranceLivinginthesocietynoonecandenythatitisperseverancethatenablesustoaccomplishwondersandrealizedreamsConsequentlyinthismodernsocietywherecompetitionisbecomingincreasinglyfiercePerseverancehasbeenregardedasanecessityforasuccessfulcareerAstowhatperseverancemeansmyopinionareasfollowsFirstofall,perseverancemeansthedeterminationtoholdontotheendEveninthefaceofdifficultanddangeroussituations,whatreallycounts,inmymindisthatmanwithperseverancefirmlybelieveswhathehaschosenisrightandmeaningfulsoheismorethanhappytofightforhisidealandwillneverevergiveupLastlynomanwasbornwithperseveranceOnlyafterlifescountlesschallengescanheunderstandthegenuinemeaningofperseverance独立写作论证方法(一)举例Paragons,suchAandB,respectivelycomeimmediatelytomymindWhilesuchcasesarerare,theydooccuroccasionallyAcaseinpointralatestoSbinthefieldof(二)引用Asasayinggoes””whichistosayAccordingtoawellknownscientistandIparaphraseinotherwords名言suchisremarkofSb,oneofthebestknownscientist(三)数据调查AccordingtothestatisticalresultofarecentsurveyAandBhavesoaredrespectivelybyandIncontrastCdeclinedatanacceleratingrate,anditisalsothecasewithDThestatisticalresultillustratesthat(四)反证法withAwithoutA(五)类比和对比Similarity,bythesametoken(同理可证)Inlikemanner(同样的)likewiseIncontrastOnthecontraryBEGINING一AorBWhenitreferstopeoplesopinionsaredivergentonsuchacontroversialissue(AorB)Itiscommonlyacceptthatothershowever,likethenegativeattitudeInmyopinionofviewIpreferAratherthanBasmyinclination二表态类ThediscussionofthisissueamongindividualsandinsocietyasawholehascometovogueduringthelastdecadeThestatementdeclaresthatHowever,Idisagreewiththestatement,andthereareseveralreasonsandinstancesasfollowssupportingmyview三列举式开头NowadayshasloomedupwidepublicconcernWhatamazesusmostisthatAmongcountlessfactors,whichdirectlyorindirectlyinfluenceThereareseveralconspiciousaspectsasfollowsENDING重申立场概述理由WeighingtheprosandconsoftopicIstronglycommittothenotionthatnoonlybecausebutalso题库Whenitreferstothevalueofhistory,thediscussionofthisissueamongindividualsandinsocietyasawholehascomeintovogueduringthelastdecadeThestatementdeclaresthatlearningaboutthepasthasnovalueforthoseofuslivinginthepresentHoweverIdisagreewiththestatementforthereasonthatmankindsprogressisthatofconstantlybuildinguponandaddingtothepastandexistingbaseofknowledgeandexperienceThemainreasonisthathistoryhelpsusunderstandourselvesespeciallyourweaknessInthebusinessworld,thereisonesayingthat:”Youhavetoknowwhereyouhavebeenandwhereyouareinordertoknowwhereyouaregoing”Whatsmore,IagreewiththestatementsthatbusinesscorporationsfinditcriticaltohaveregularviewsofthepastbusinessperformanceWithoutreservationsforthereasonthateachcorporationhastoseewhatmistakesweremadeinordertoavoidrepeatingthemMovingontowiderthemestothehightechindustries,onecompanyhastoexaminetheefficacyandefficiencyofdecisionsmadeinthepasttoseewhatresultswereproducedNatuallytheylearnfromtheirpastmistakeswhichbetterpreparesthemforthefutureLetsbeginourdiscussionheretoamorepresentandpracticalcontextItcanbegivenaconcreteexamplethatMicrosofthasregularreviewsofitspastsalesandmarketinginformationintheformofquarterlyorannualreviewAnotherequallyessentialfactorwhyIadvocatethevalueofhistoryinvolvestherealmofpoliticsandsocietyNoonecandenythatintheinternationalarena,onemustpossessathoroughknowledgeofhistoryinordertounderstandthecurrentdynamicsandcomplexrelationshipsamongcountriesMeanwhileonlythroughstudinghistorycanwegrasphowthingschangeObviouslyitisimperativeforpoliticianstolearnfromthepast,becausethecountryshistoryhasthegreatestimpactuponitscurrentnationalcharactoranditspeopleandleadershipHistoryisrepletewithevidencetodemostratethisAcaseinpointhasanassociationwiththeWorldWarII–theworldcommunitylearnedthegreatlessonfromWorldWarIIthattheremustnotbeanotherworldwar,thusweenteredtheplusyearsofcoldwarHowever,weshouldconcedethatdespitethemeritsofreferringtopastmentionedabove,overextendedreferringtothehistorywillbeindeedcounterproductiveevenharmfulTheharmitproducesis,inmyview,bothpalpableandprofoundFortheindividual,ithasdebasingimpactonpeoplesoriginalityforthesocietyitmaypromoteanegativetendencytowardossificationWeighingtheprosandconsoflearningaboutthepast,Istronglycommittothenotionthatlearningaboutthepastiscriticaltounderstandthepresentandchartingasuccessfulcourseforthefuturewhetheritbeintheworldofbusinessortheworldofinternationalrelations综合性写作:READING:topicofreadingmainpoints:~听力核心路标词新老观点:Earlier,Traditionally,Originally,Previously,Conventionally,BeforeYet,But,However,Incontrast,ContrarilyRecently,Recentstudy,Newfinding,Alternative,Now,Reexamine次序层次,紧邻原则:Firstly,firstofall,mostofall,ontheonehandSecondly,moreover,furthermore,whatsmore,ontheotherhand,foranother,andthenThirdly,eventually,lastly因果关系(引出新的要点,拓展上一要点)Since,because,for,forthereasonthat,causeTherefore,asaresult,thus,consequence,natually重要的小信号词:factor,point,aspect阅读转述作者:thewriter,theauthor,thepassage听力转述作者:thespeaker,thelecture,theprofessor,theinstructor,theteacher阅读动词表达:discuss,introduce,argue,conclude,suggest,recommand,propose,appeal听力动词表达:pointout,say,tell,put,disagree,disapprove,refute,rebut,reject,objectto,oppose,counter,doubt,question,challenge,cite,mention,quote,referto,suggest,imply,putforward,explain,exemplify,illustrate,show抽象名词:话题,命题:issuemattertopicproblemsubjectobservationconcerndefinationdescription原因,根据:reasonbasisgroundcausemotivemotivationexplainationaccountevidencedatafactproof猜想,假设:assumptionpremisepresumptionsuppositionpostulationguesshypothesisconjecture观点,结论:conclusionstatementpointideaopinionjudgementviewmotiontheory建议,提议:adviceappealproposalplanschemerecommendation听力信息常用的抽象名词:(furthercloser)studiesreseachingnewfindingdiscoveryalternativeexplanationtheorycounterexampleevidenceobjectionrefutationcommentassertionallegationremarkclaimOppose题型的逻辑架构:listening:reading=:Inthelecture,theprofessorinstructormadeseveralpointsaboutOntheotherhand,thereadingcontendsthatTheprofessorslecturecastsdoubtonthereadingbyusinganemberofpiontsthatarecontrarytoThefirstpointthattheteacherusestorefutethereadingisthatAccordingtohimHowever,thisisdifferentfromthereading,whichstatesthatMoreover,countrarytothebeliefinthepassagethattheinstructorassertsthat(listening)TobespecificFinally,thelecturepointsoutthatThisisnotwhatreadingsaysThereadinglistsThelectureslastpoint,castsdoubtonthereadingonthebasisof

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/12

小宝老师强化班笔记(精简版)

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利