下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 “it”虽小,作用却很大,用法很多

“it”虽小,作用却很大,用法很多.doc

“it”虽小,作用却很大,用法很多

卸不掉妆
2019-05-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《“it”虽小,作用却很大,用法很多doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

“it”虽小,作用却很大,用法很多。在年全国套高考(包括春季高考)题中,有关it的用法就涉及到道题,有套试题在今年的高考中把it作为考查的要点,也就是说全国有近三分之二的省市把焦点放到了it上,无疑it成了一个热点。无独有偶,年全国套高考(包括春季高考)题中,有套试题选择了it,共有道题。连续两年有这么多的省市对小小的it情有独钟,不得不引起我们的高度重视,尤其是送高考的老师。在以后的复习教学中,千万不要忽视对it的复习及运用。年高考全国卷Ⅰ、Ⅱ福建卷江苏卷全国卷Ⅲ湖北卷广东卷北京卷湖南卷辽宁卷上海卷山东卷浙江卷天津卷江西卷北京春季重庆卷安徽卷上海春季年高考全国卷Ⅰ天津卷广东卷全国卷Ⅱ重庆卷辽宁卷全国卷Ⅲ福建卷浙江卷全国卷Ⅳ湖北卷北京春季北京卷湖南卷上海春季上海卷江苏卷对于这两年的高考,考查it的用法可以分成以下几个方面:一作为代词的用法:it作为代词,通常指代前面或刚刚提到过的事物(如),也可指代周围的环境情况等(如)。而考查最多的是it,one(ones),that(those)之间的区别(如)。YesterdayIlostmypenbutI’vefoundit(it指代特定的,同一事物them。复数为them。)YesterdayIlostmypenbutnowI’veboughtone(one指代一个不确定的泛指的人或物。复数为ones。)MyseatisnexttothatofourteacherThepopulationofChinaislargerthanthatofJapanCompareyouranswerswiththoseofyourclassmates(that指代特定的,但不同一的事物,可指代可数名词或不可数名词。复数为those。)以上五个句子中:it=mypen(直接指代前面出现的名词)one=apen(可改写为a名词)that=theseatthepopulation(可改写为the名词)those=theanswers(可改写为the可数名词的复数)高考例题:ThedoctoradvisedVerastronglythatsheshouldtakeaholiday,butdidn'thelp(高考全国卷Ⅲ)AitBsheCwhichDheWe'vebeenlookingatthehousesbuthaven'tfoundwelikeyet(年高考浙江卷)AoneBonesCitDthemIpreferaflatinInvernessinPerth,becauseIwanttolivenearmyMom's(年高考天津卷)AoneBthatCitDthisCarsdocauseussomehealthproblemsinfactfarmoreseriousthanmobilephonesdo(年高考江西卷)AoneBonesCitDthoseI'mmovingtothecountrysidebecausetheairthereismuchfresherthaninthecity(年高考江苏卷)AonesBoneCthatDthoseDoyoulikehereOh,yesTheair,theweather,thewayoflifeEverythingissonice(年高考全国卷Ⅱ)AthisBtheseCThatDitWeneedanewcupboardforthekitchenSoPetermadefromsomewoodwehad(年高考全国卷Ⅳ)AitBoneChimselfDanotherIintendedtocomparenoteswithafriend,butunfortunatelycouldn'tsparemeevenoneminute(年高考重庆卷)AtheyBoneCwhoDitLuckily,we'dbroughtaroadmapwithoutwewouldhavelostourway(年北京春季高考)AitBthatCthisDwhich二形式主语或形式宾语形式主语:Itbeadj(真正的)主语egItispossibletomakeitItbepp(真正的)主语egItisknownthathe'sbusy形式宾语:主谓it宾补(真正的)宾语egIfeelitanhonortobeinvitedtotheparty主谓it(真正的)宾语egIhateitwhenpeopletalkwiththeirmouthsfull备注:充当真正主语或宾语的可以是动名词,不定式,也可以是从句。高考例题:intheregulationsthatyoushouldnottellotherpeoplethepasswordofyouremailaccount(年高考上海卷)AWhatisrequiredBWhatrequiresCItisrequiredDItrequiresThechairmanthoughtnecessarytoinviteProfessorSmithtospeakatthemeeting(年高考全国卷Ⅰ、Ⅱ)AthatBitCthisDhimIlikeintheautumnwhentheweatherisclearandbright(年高考全国卷Ⅰ)AthisBthatCitDoneTheForeignMinistersaid,“ourhopethatthetwosideswillworktowardspeace”(年高考北京卷)AThisisBThereisCThatisDItis三Itwas具体时间(时间点)when…这个句型的意思为“当某事发生的时候,时间是……”。高考例题:DidJackcomebackearlylastnightYesItwasnotyeteighto'clockhearrivedhome(年高考福建卷)AbeforeBwhenCthatDuntil四Itishasbeen时间段since…做某事已有多久了。此时since从句中要使用短暂性动词(即瞬间动词)。例如:Itisjustaweeksincewearrivedhere我们到这刚好有一周了。Greatchangeshavetakenplaceheresinceheleft自从他离开以来这里发生了巨大变化。已有多久没做某事了。此时since从句中要使用延续性动词或状态动词。例如:Howlongisitsinceyousmoked你戒烟多久了(或你多长时间没抽烟了)Ithasbeentenyearssincehewereateacher他已经有十年不当老师了。高考例题:ThatwasreallyasplendideveningIt'syearsIenjoyedmyselfsomuch(年高考安徽卷)AwhenBthatCbeforeDsinceItisalmostfiveyearswesaweachotherlasttime(年北京春季高考)AbeforeBsinceCafterDwhen五Itiswaswillbe时间段before…这个句型的意思为“在某事发生之前过了多长时间”,即“一段时间之后才……”。高考例题:Itwassometimewerealizedthetruth(年高考山东卷)AwhenBuntilCsinceDbeforeScientistssayitmaybefiveorsixyearshisworksunfinished(年高考福建卷)AsinceBafterCbeforeDwhen但是下面这个题跟这个句型是不一样的,evening不是时间段,before就取它的本意,即“在……之前”:ItwaseveningwereachedthelittletownofWinchester(年高考天津卷)AthatBuntilCsinceDbefore六Itis(was)被强调部分that(who)…(强调句型)任何使用强调句型的句子,都可还原为原来的句子,方法是将句中的Itis(was)和that这三个单词去掉。如果去掉经过调整能够还原为原来的句子,即为强调句型否则不是强调句型。一般式Itis(was)被强调部分that(who)…一般疑问句形式Is(was)it被强调部分that(who)…特殊疑问句形式特殊疑问is(was)itthat(who)…not…until…的强调句型Itis(was)notuntil…that…高考例题:Itwasn'tuntilnearlyamonthlaterIreceivedthemanager'sreply(年高考全国卷Ⅰ、Ⅱ)AsinceBwhenCasDthatItiswhatyoudoratherthanwhatyousaymatters(年高考天津卷)AthatBwhatCwhichDthisthathemanagedtogettheinformation(年高考山东卷)Oh,afriendofhishelpedhimAWherewasitBWhatwasitCHowwasitDWhywasitItwasaftertheinventionofprintingtopublishlargenumbersofbooksandpictures(年上海春季高考)AwerepeopleableBthatpeoplewereableCwhenwerepeopleableDpeoplewereableWhy!Ihavenothingtoconfessyouwantmetosay(年高考上海卷)AWhatisitthatBWhatitisthatCHowisitthatDHowitisthatItwasbackhomeaftertheexperiment(年高考湖北卷)AnotuntilmidnightdidhegoBuntilmidnightthathedidn'tgoCnotuntilmidnightthathewentDuntilmidnightwhenhedidn'tgoItwaswithgreatjoyhereceivedthenewsthathislostdaughterhadbeenfound(年高考福建卷)AbecauseBwhichCsinceDthatItwasonlywiththehelpofthelocalguide(年上海春季高考)AwasthemountainclimberrescuedBthatthemountainclimberwasrescuedCwhenthemountainclimberwasrescuedDthenthemountainclimberwasrescued七定语从句:在高考中考查定语从句时,经常测试it与as的区别:as可引导非限制性定于从句,指代主句,在句中作主语、宾语和表语。有时as引导的非限制性定语从句可与It…that…(it为形式主语)互换。例如:Asisoftenthecase,Marywaslateforschool=ItisoftenthecasethatMarywaslateforschoolAsisknowntousall,theworld'slargestjiaoziwasinhonorofHongKong'sreturntoChinain=Itisknowntousallthattheworld'slargestjiaoziwasinhonorofHongKong'sreturntoChinain高考例题:isreportedinthenewspapers,talksbetweenthetwocountriesaremakingprogress(年高考北京卷)AItBAsCThatDWhatisoftenthecase,wehaveworkedouttheproductionplan(年高考江苏卷)AWhichBWhenCWhatDAs八其他用法:it还用于某些固定的句型和词组中,如:()Itseemsappearshappenedoccurredthat…()Itseemslooksasif(asthough)…()Itisthefirstsecondfifth…timethatabhavedonesth()Itwasthefirstsecondtimethatabhaddonesth()Itis(highvery)timesbdidsth()Itissuggestedrequestedorderedproposedthatsb(should)dosth()Itisnaturalnecessarystrangeimportantetcthatsb(should)dosth…()Itisnousenogooduselessdoingsth()makeit约定时间做到,成功()dependonitthat(relyonitthat)相信,毫无疑问,没错()seetoitthat注意使……,务必使……高考例题:Ourclubisopentoadultsonlyyourchildrenhaveenteredwithoutpermission(年上海春季高考题)AThereseemsthatBItseemstobeCThereseemstobeDItseemsthatit在我们英语教学中占有很重要的作用,学生们只有在平时对它的用法了如指掌并灵活运用,才能更好的应对高考中出现的问题。it一直是近几年考查的热点,希望自己的一点总结能与大家分享,给大家带来一点帮助。答案:一AAABCDBAD二CBCD三B四DB五DCD六DACBACDB七BD八D

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/18

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利