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首页 听力

听力.doc

听力

孙辞诚
2019-06-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《听力doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

EncyclopediassurvivebygoingonlineQuestions:honeycombs蜂窝Whythesesetsofencyclopediasandthickindividualbookshaven’tbeencrackedopeninmonthsoryearsIt'sbecausetheirinformationisavailableinaflashinhundredsoreventhousandsofplacesonlineIfyouwanttofindoutabouthoneycombs,forinstance,you'renotlimitedtoatrustyencyclopediaarticle,perhapswrittenyearsagoOntheWorldwideWeb,youcanelectronicallyaccessasmuchabouthoneycombsasyoufeellikereadingorwatchingHowhavethesereferencebookpublishersdofornotbeingoutofbusinessThey'remakingupforlostrevenuebysellingsubscriptionstotheelectronicversionoftheirworkstolibraries,universities,hospitals,andlawofficesaroundtheworldAccordingtothespeaker,what’sthemeaningofwhatthesepublishershavetodonowThey'resavingbigbucksattheirbookwarehouses,andsparinglotsoftreesaswellQuestionsforStudy:FastpacedTVCartoonsReduceKids'LearningNewwords:Surreal:dreamlikeImprobable:notlikelytobetrueortooccur"Caillou":(卡由)"executivefunction":执行控制操作prefrontalcortex:前额皮质Questions:Whatisthe“SpongeBobeffect”calledbysomepeopleYoungchildrenhavedifficultylearningimmediatelyafterwatchingfastpacedtelevisioncartoonsfullofimagesandactivitiesthatarenotpossibleinreallifeUniversityofVirginiaresearcherswantedtofindoutwhetherwatching"SpongeBob"affectedkids'abilitytolearnimmediatelyafterseeingtheshowSotheycarriedoutaresearchwiththreegroupsofchildrenAfterward,explainsresearcherAngelineLillard,theyalltookstandardizedtestsdesignedtomeasuretheirabilitytoconcentrate,learn,andsolveproblemsWhattheresearchersfoundisthatchildrenwhohadbeeninthe“SpongeBob”groupwereaboutoneandhalfcapacityoftheotherchildren(TF)FWhatistheprefrontalcortexforIt’sapartofthebrainwhereproblemsolvingandrelatedfunctionsarelocatedAccordingtoLillardwhatisareasonwhyashowlike“SpongeBobSquarePants”mightaffectlearningItscombinationofspeedandcontentYoucansavetheplanetNewwords:picket:纠察员venue:举办地点举办场所会场forgo:gowithout放弃,抛弃(舒适或有价值的事物)没有…也行linen:亚麻布衣服skip:misspatron:老主顾detergent:洗涤剂,清洁剂,去垢剂placard:withobjcoverwithnotices贴布告(或海报、告示)于Questions:Accordingtothespeaker,themessage“Youyes,youcansavetheplanet”isnotspreadingacrossAmericabyenvironmentalactivistsbutbywhomByordinarybusinessmenandwomen,familiesonvacation,truckersandsalespeopleAndwheredotheyusuallycarryoutthisgrassrootsmovementthemotelbathroomswheretravelersshowerandthehotelbedswheretheylaytheirheadsatnightTravelerswhoarestayinglongerthanonenightareagreeingtodowithoutachangeoftowels,washcloths,andbedsheetsjustforworryingforthewhetherornotcleannessofthesestuff(TF)FAccordingtoProjectPlanetacompanythatgrewoutoftheInterContinentalHotelchain'seffortstosaveenergycosts–thisskipthecleantowelsprograminaroomhotelkeeps,litersofdirtywaterandlitersofdetergentoutoftheecosystemeachmonthNewTeststoQuicklyDiagnoseSleepingSicknessNewwords:cumbersome:笨重的,不方便的Africantrypanosomiasis:非洲锥虫病parasite:寄生虫endemic:(疾病,情况)流行的epidemics:流行病发生thetsetsefly:舌蝇Bamako:巴马科(马里Mali首都,位于南部尼日尔河畔diagnostics:诊断学fluorescence:荧光followup:追踪调查formulation:制剂intravenously:从静脉注射地toxicity:毒性Questions:SleepingsicknesshasbeenendemiconthecontinentofAfricaforalongtimeincountriesThehighestepidemicsthatwereoccurringrecentlyweretoAtthattimeitwasestimatedthatatleast,peopleinthesecountrieswerecarryingthediseaseatanyonetimeWhatcausesthesleepingsicknessAndwhyissoseriousTheseriousnessofthisdiseaseisthatanypersonwhogetsinfectedanddoesnotreceivetreatmenteventuallydiesWhatisFINDandLamprespectivelytheFoundationforInnovativeNewDiagnosticsamachinethatcandetecttheparasite'sDNAwithinhoursLampcannotonlybeusedafollowuptotreatment,andalsocanbeusedtotestforanimalsleepingsicknessAndthismachinehasbeenreadyforthefieldusein(TF)FCurrenttreatmentforsleepingsicknessisusuallyverysafeandwillbebecomingsaferinthefutureFUSSetsExtremeWeatherRecordsinNewwords:tornado:龙卷风Cincinnati:辛辛那提(俄亥俄州工业城市)freight:货物crisscross:形成十字形交叉grip:严重困扰,严重影响Oklahoma:俄克拉何马(美国南部州名)infrastructure:基础结构,基础设施cyclical:循环的周期性反复出现的theArcticOscillation:北极涛动spawn:produceorgenerate,especiallyinlargenumbers大量生产mitigate:使温和使缓和减轻(痛苦)Questions:AccordingtoVaccaro,whatarethecausesfortheincreasingdamagesfromagriculturallosses,fromfirelosses,inplaceslikeTexas,NewMexicoandOklahomaAgrowingpopulationandexpandinginfrastructureaccountinpartforthedamages,butalsolargescalecyclicalweatherpatternscameintoplayinIn,theextremeweatheraffectedmillionsofpeople,claimed,lives,resultedin,injuriesandtotaledmorethan$billionineconomiclossesThemostcostlywastheyearlongdroughtthatcontinuestogripsouthernplainsstatesintheUnitedStates,accordingtoDavidBrownWhatistheNationalWeatherServiceisdoingforthecomingweatherextremesTheagencyistakingstepstobuildaweatherreadynation,whichcallsonagrowingnetworkofpartnersinthepublicandprivatesectortoworktogethertoprepareforfuturedisastersSudaneseRefugeesVictimsofAirRaidJoeDeCapuaJanuary,NewwordsNile:尼罗河refuge:避难庇护flee:逃离SPLA:SudanPeople’sLiberationArmyUNHCR:UnitedNationsHighCommissionerforRefugees联合国难民事务高级专员(办事处)Antonovplane:“安托诺夫”飞机(具备夜视能力)convoy护送Ethiopia埃塞俄比亚polio脊髓灰质炎,小儿麻痹症contagious接触传染(性)的,触染(性)的Questions:IntheairraidMondayinSouthSudan,atleastSudaneserefugeeandothersaremissingTheattackoccurredinUpperNileStatewhereSudaneserefugeeshavesoughtrefugefromviolencebackhomeItoccurredaboutkilometersinsideSouthSudanBasically,severalbombsweredroppedfromanAntonovplaneandtheyfellonarefugeehostingsite,wheretherewereabout,refugeesatthesitethenWhentheattackshappenedUNHCRandtheInternationalOrganizationforMigrationwerepreparingatruckconvoytorelocatesomeoftherefugeesWhytheSudaneserefugeeshavebeencrossingtheborderintoSouthSudanformanymonthsThey'refleeingfightingbetweenSudaneseforcesandtherebelSPLANorthSectorInadditiontothehelptorelocatetherefugees,whatelseareUNHCRanditspartnersdoingUNHCRandourpartnersareworkingtoprovidethemwithfood,nonfooditems,reliefsupplieslikeblankets,tents,plasticsheetsWe'realsomakingsurethatthosewhoneedmedicalattentiongetitassoonaspossibleWhat’sPolioaccordingtothespeakerPolioisahighlycontagiousdiseaseaffectingmostlyyoungchildrenQuestions:BookCooksUpRecipeforInnovationWordscookup:makeupworkoutrecipe:methodalbum:唱片liberate:setfreefromasituationIDO:IndustrialDevelopmentOrganization工业开发组织stumbleacross:meetwithcollaboration:theactionofworkingwithsomeonetoproduceorcreatesomethingStateoftheUnionAddress《国情咨文》讲话Questions:WhatisthepurposeoftheinterviewdonebyStevenJohnsonWhoarethetargetsoftheinterviewTodiscoverthesecretsofinnovation,Johnsoninterviewedagroupofinnovativepeople,includingentrepreneurs,softwaredesigners,artistsandmusicianswhatcanwepossiblyfindinStevenJohnson’sbook“TheInnovator’sCookbook”conversationsaboutcreativityWhataretheguidelinesofferedbyAmabileforfosteringinnovationintheworkplacehavingsomedegreeofautonomyinwhattheyaredoingfeelingpersonallyinvolvedinwhattheyaredoinghavingencouragementforcomingupwithnewideasacrosstheorganizationQuestionsfor“CrisisMappingHelpswithDisasterRelief”Newwords:Tsunami:alonghighseawavecausedbyanearthquakeorotherdisturbance海啸Hazardous:riskydangerousSanitation:conditionsrelatingtopublichealth,especiallytheprovisionofcleandrinkingwaterandadequatesewagedisposal公共卫生,环境卫生Pinpoint:absolutelyprecisetothefinestdegreeNGOs:非政府组织Validate:demonstrateorsupportthetruthorvalueofQuestionsHowdidcrisismapscomeintouseJusthoursafterdisasterstruck,JapanesevolunteersusedsocialmediainformationtocreateacrisismapThemapindicatedhazardousareasandemergencyservicesHundredsofpeopleeachdaypostedupdatestothemapontheInternet,includinginformationfromradiostationsAretheyusefulWhyYesIfyoutextedacertainshortcodenumberwithyourcallforhelp,itwouldbecaptured,mappedanditwouldenableresponderstohelpwheredotheseinformationforcrisismapscomefromfromsocialmedia,fromYouTube,fromTwitterandFacebookQuestions:LondonFearsLosingAviationRelevanceNewWordsatop:onthetopofLondon’sHeathrowairport:stunt:retardthegrowthordevelopmentofshorthaul:短距离的,短程的ruleout:宣布…不可能排除…的可能性holdback:hesitatetoactorspeakinfrastructure:基础结构,基础设施overlook:俯瞰hub:aplaceorthingwhichformstheeffectivecentreofanactivity,region,ornetwork中心influx:anarrivalorentryoflargenumbersofpeopleorthings(人、物的)涌进,汇集Frankfurt:法兰克福(德国西部黑森州商业城市)theThamesestuary:泰晤士河河口Questions:WhatstuntgainedwidespreadmediaattentionEnvironmentalprotestorsfromGreenpeacedemonstratedatopapassengerjetatLondon'sHeathrowairportThestuntgainedwidespreadmediaattention,andthebattleforthefutureofBritain'saviationindustryisstillbeingfoughtAccordingtothereachdonebytheBritishChamberofCommerce,claimstwothirdsofbusinessleadersinBrazil,China,India,SouthKoreaandMexicoaremorelikelytotradewithFrance,GermanyortheNetherlandsratherthanBritain,becausetheyoffermoredirectflightsHowmanyroutesintoChinadoesGermanycitieslikeFrankfurthave,whichhelpthemhavealotmoretradewithChinaroutesPlanstobuildanewairportintheThamesestuarybythearchitecturefirmFosterandPartnersisbeingheldback,justbecauseofthepricetagofbillion(TF)F

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