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首页 初中英语短语

初中英语短语.doc

初中英语短语

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2012-11-24 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中英语短语doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

http//mti.gdufs.edu.cnhttpmtigdufseducn初中英语教材中共出现近个词组其中有一部分为常用词组要求能熟练运用。在学习中要注意词组的积累特别要注意介词词组和短语动词的积累。对固定词组的意义切不可望文生义。例如动词look愿意为“看”但lookafter意为“照料”lookup(awordinadictionary)意为“(在词典中)查找(单词)”。要十分注意固定词组中冠词的使用。有时冠词可引起词义的变化例如gotheschool意为“上学”而gototheschool意为“到学校里去”takeplace意为“发生”而taketheplace意为“取代”。有些词组中须用冠词而另一些则不用。例如intheevening,atnight。一、动词词组(包括短语动词)、介词词组和其他词组(一)由be构成的词组)bebackinout回来在家外出)beathomework在家上班)begoodat善于擅长于)becarefulof当心注意仔细)becoveredwith被……复盖)bereadyfor为……作好准备)besurprised(at)对……感到惊讶)beinterestedin对……感到举)beborn出生)beon在进行在上演(灯)亮着)beabletodosth能够做……)beafraidof(todosththat…)害怕……(不敢做……恐怕……))beangrywithsb生(某人)的气)bepleased(with)对……感到高兴(满意))befamousfor以……而著名)bestrictin(with)(对工作、对人)严格要求)befrom来自……什么地方人)behungrythirstytired饿了渴了累了)beworried担忧)be(well)worthdoing(非常)值得做……)becoveredwith被……所覆盖……)bein(great)needof(很)需要)beintrouble处于困境中)begladtodosth很高兴做……)belatefor……迟到)bemadeof(from)由……制成)besatisfiedwith对……感到满意)befree空闲的有空)be(ill)inbed卧病在床)bebusydoing(with)忙于做……(忙于……)(二)由come、do、get、give、go、have、help、keep、make、looke、put、set、send、take、turn、play等动词构成的词组)comeback回来)comedown下来)comein进入进来)comeon快走吧跟我来)comeout出来)comeoutof从……出来)comeup上来)comefrom来自……)doone'slessonshomework做功课回家作业)domorespeakingreading多做口头练习朗读)doone'sbest尽力)dosomeshopping(cookingreading,cleaning)买东西(做饭菜读点书大扫除))doagooddeed(gooddeeds)做一件好事(做好事))domorningexercises做早操)doeyeexercises做眼保健操)dowellin在……某方面干得好)getup起身)geteverythingready把一切都准备好)getreadyfor(=bereadyfor)为……作好准备)geton(well)with与……相处(融洽))getback返回)getridof除掉去除)getin进入收集)getonoff上下车)getto到达)getthere到达那里)givesbacall给……打电话)giveatalk作报告)givealecture(apianoconcert)作讲座(举行钢琴音乐会))giveback归还送回)give……someadviceon给……一些忠告)givelessonsto给……上课)givein屈服)giveup放弃)givesbachance给……一次机会)giveamessageto……给……一个口信)goahead先走向前走去吧干吧)gotothecinema看电影)gogobed睡觉(makethebed整理床铺))gotoschool(college)上学(上大学))goto(the)hospital去医院看病)goover过一遍复习gooverto朝……走去)gofishingskatingswimmingshopping去钩鱼滑冰游泳买东西)gohome(there)回家去(去那儿))goround顺便去绕道走)goup上去)gooutforawalk外出散步)goon(doing)继续(做……))goonwithone'swork继续某人的工作)goupstairsdownstairs上下楼)(thelights)goout(灯)熄了)havealesson(lessons)ameeting上课开会)haveafootballmatch(basketballmatch)举行一场足球(蓝球)赛)havedictation听见)haveatry试一试)haveagoodwonderfultime玩得很高兴)havealecture(apianoconcert)听讲座(听钢琴音乐会))haveareport(talk)on听一个关于……的报告)haveaglassofwater(acupoftea)喝一杯水(一杯茶))havebreakfastlunchsupper吃早饭午饭晚饭)haveameal(threemeals)吃一顿饭(三餐饭))haveadinner吃正餐)havebreadandmilkforbreakfast早饭吃面包和牛奶)have(havegot)aheadache头痛)haveafever发烧)haveacough(acold)咳嗽(感冒))havealook(at)看一看……)havearest(abreak)休息一会儿(工间或课间休息))haveatalk谈话)haveaswimwalk游泳散步)havesports进行体育锻炼)haveasportsmeet(meeting)开运动会)havesomethingdone让人(请人)做……)haveatestanexam测验考试)haveanidea有了个主意)hadbetterdosth(notdosth)最好做……(最好不要做……))haveawordwith与……谈几句话)helpsbwithsthhelpsbdosth在……方面帮助……帮助……做)helponeselftosomechickenfishmeat请随便吃点鸡鱼肉)helpeachother互相帮助)keepupwith跟上……不落后于……)keepsilentquiet保持沉默安静)keepsbdoingsth使……一直做……)keepone'sdiary记日记)makeanoise(alotofnoise,muchnoise,noises)吵闹(十分嘈杂响声))makealiving谋生)makesbdosth迫使某人做……)makefaces(aface)做鬼脸)makefriends(with)与……交朋友)makeamistake(mistakes)犯错误)makeroomspacefor给……腾出地方)makeasentence(sentences)with用……造句)makeafire生火)bemadefromof由……制成)bemadein在……地方制造)lookoutof(outside)往外看(看外面))lookupaword(inthedictionary)查字典)lookup往上看仰望)lookafter照管照看照顾)lookfor寻找)looklike看上去像)lookfinewelltiredworried看起来气色好健康疲劳忧虑)lookout当心小心)lookon…as…把……当作……看待)lookaround朝四周看)lookat看着……)puton穿上(衣服)戴上(帽子)上演(戏剧))putup建造搭起挂起举起张帖)putinto使进入输入)putone'sheartinto全神贯注于)put…down…把……放下)put…into…把……译成)setup竖起建起)setoff出发动身)setout出发)setanexamplefor为……树立榜样)sendfor派人去请(叫))sendout放出发出)endup把……往上送发射)takeone'sadvice听从某人劝告)takeout拿出取出)takedown拿下)takeplace发生)takeone'splace坐……的座位代替某人职务)taketheplaceof代替……)takeawalkrest散步休息)takeiteasy别紧张)takesthwithsb随身带着)takesbtoaparkLondonforone'sholidays带某人去公园伦敦度假)takecareof关心照顾保管)takealook(alastlook)at看一看(最后看一眼))takeanexam参加考试)takeaway拿走)takeback收回带回)takeholdof抓住……)takeoff脱下(衣帽鞋等)拿掉)take(anactive)partin(积极)参加(活动))takephotos拍照)takesomemedicine服药)takeabustrain,boat乘公共汽车火车船)turnon开旋开(电灯收音机等))turnoff关上(电灯收音机等))turnin交出上交)turn…into…变成)turnto翻到转向)turndown(把音量)调低)turn…over把……翻过来)playbasketball打篮球football踢足球volleyball打排球)playgames做游戏)playthepiano(theviolin)弹钢琴(拉小提琴))playwithsnow玩雪)playajoke(on)对……开玩笑(三)由其他动词构成的词组)thinkover仔细考虑)arriveatinaplace到达某处)eatup吃完吃光)dowellin在……干得好)enjoydoingsthlikedoingsth喜欢做某事喜欢干某事)findout发现查出(真相等))finishoff吃完喝完)stopdoingsth停止做某事)stoptodosth停下来去做某事)holdameting举行会议)holdup举起)hurryup赶快快点)enterfor报名参加)langhtat嘲笑)beusedto习惯于)usedto过去常常)wake…up唤醒)workout算出二、动词短语、介词短语和其他词组)askfor向……要……请求)askforleave请假)sendfor派人去请(叫))payfor付……的款)waitfor等候)thankfor为……感谢)apologizetosbforsth为某事向某人道歉)lookfor寻找)leave…for离开……去……)falloff跌落)catchcold着凉伤风)catchupwith赶上)agreewithsb赞成同意某人的意见)filled……with把……装满)tellsbaboutsth告诉某人某事)talkabout谈论……)thinkabout考虑……)worryabout担忧……)lookafter照料)runafter追赶跟在后面跑)readafter跟……读)smileat对……微笑)knockat敲(门、窗))shoutat对……大喊(嚷))throwaway扔掉)workhardat努力做……)waitinline排队等候)change…into…变成)hurryinto…匆忙进入)runinto…跑进)hearof听说)thinkof认为考虑)catchholdof抓住)insteadof代替……)handin交上来)stayinbed卧病在床)hearfrom收到……来信)atonce立刻)atlast最后)atfirst起先首先)attheageof…在……岁时)attheendof…在……之末)atthebeginningof…在……之初)atthefootof…在……脚下)atthesametime同时)atnightnoon在夜里中午)withone'shelp在某人的帮助下由于某人的帮助)withthehelpof…在……的帮助下)withasmile面带笑容)withone'sowneyes亲眼看见)afterawhile过了一会儿)fromnowon从现在起)fromthenon从那时起)farexample例如)farawayfrom远离)frommorningtillnight从早到晚)byandby不久)byairmail寄航空邮件)byordinarymail寄平信)bytheway顺便说)bythewindow在窗边)bytheendof…到……底为止)littlebylittle逐渐地)inall总共)infact事实上)inone'stwenties在某人二十几岁时)inahurry匆忙)inthemiddleof在……中间)innotime(inaminute)立刻很快)intime(ontime)及时)inpublic公众公开地)inorderto为了……)infrontof在……前面)inthesun在阳光下)intheend最后终于)insurprise惊奇地)inturn依次)ofcourse当然)abit(of)有一点儿)alotof许多)onone'swayto某人在去……的路上)onfoot步行走路)atalkonspace一个关于太空的报告)ontheotherhand另一方面)atontheweekend在周末)ontheleft(right)在左(右)边)ontheothersideof在……另一边)ontheradio通过收音机(无线电广播))toone'sjoy使……高兴的是)toone'ssurprise使……惊讶的是三、量词词组和其他词组(一)量词词组)abit一点儿)afew(of)一些(可数)几个……)alittle一些(不可数))alotof(lotsof)许多)apieceof一张(一片块))acupof一茶怀)aglassof一玻璃杯)apileof(pilesandpilesof)一堆(一堆堆的)……)aboxof一盒)acopyof一份一本)abowlof一碗)abasketof一篮)aplateof一盘)abottleof一瓶)abasinof一脸盆)asetof一套)akindof一种)atypeof一种类型的)agreatdealof非常多大量的(不可数名词))alarge(great)numberof非常多大量的(可数名词))agreatmany大量许多(可数名词))adifferenttypeof一种不同型号的)agroupof一队一组一群(二)其他词组)allkindsof各种各样的)allovertheworldthecountry全世界全国)allover遍及每一部分浑身)allone'slife一生)oneafteranother顺次)theChildren'sPalace少年宫)dayafterday日复一日)upanddown上上下下)thedayaftertomorrow后天)thedaybeforeyesterday前天)thelastpasttwoyears(orso)最近两年(左右))thewholecountrythewholeworld全国全世界)amomentago刚才)justnowthen刚才那时)halfanhour'swalk步行半小时的路程)lateon过后后来dowellininordertoasmuchaspossiblefellinlovewithgetover实在是太多了英语短语个aseriesof一系列,一连串aboveall首先,尤其是afterall毕竟,究竟aheadof在之前aheadoftime提前allatonce突然,同时allbut几乎除了都allofasudden突然allover遍及alloveragain再一次,重新allthetime一直,始终allthesame仍然,照样的asregards关于,至于anythingbut根本不asamatteroffact实际上apartfrom除外(有无)asarule通常,照例asaresult(of)因此,由于asfarasbeconcerned就而言asfaras远至,到程度asfor至于,关于asfollows如下asif好像,仿怫asgoodas和几乎一样asusual像平常一样,照例asto至于,关于allright令人满意的可以aswell同样,也,还aswellas除外(也),即又asidefrom除外(还有)ataloss茫然,不知所措atatime一次,每次atall丝毫(不),一点也不atallcosts不惜一切代价atallevents不管怎样,无论如何atalltimes随时,总是atanyrate无论如何,至少atbest充其量,至多atfirst最初,起先atfirstsight乍一看,初看起来athand在手边,在附近atheart内心里,本质上athome在家,在国内atintervals不时,每隔atlarge大多数,未被捕获的atleast至少atlast终于atlength最终,终于atmost至多,不超过atnotime从不,决不byaccident偶然atonetime曾经,一度同时atpresent目前,现在atsb'sdisposal任处理atthecostof以为代价atthemercyof任凭摆布atthemoment此刻,目前atthisrate照此速度attimes有时,间或backandforth来回地,反复地backof在后面beforelong不久以后besidepoint离题的,不相干的beyondquestion毫无疑问byair通过航空途径byallmeans尽一切办法,务必byandby不久,迟早bychance偶然,碰巧byfar最,得多byhand用手,用体力byiteslf自动地,独自地bymeansof用,依靠bymistake错误地,无意地bynomeans决不,并没有byoneself单独地,独自地byresonof由于bytheway顺便说说byvirtueof借助,由于bywayof经由,通过方法dueto由于,因为eachother互相evenifthough即使,虽然everso非常,极其everynowandthen时而,偶尔everyother每隔一个的exceptfor除了外facetoface面对面地farfrom远非,远离forever永远forgood永久地forthebetter好转forthemoment暂时,目前forthepresent暂时,目前forthesakeof为了,为了的利益forthetimebeing暂时,眼下fromtimetotime有时,不时handinhand手拉手,密切关联headon迎面地,正面的heartandsoul全心全意地howabout怎么样inahurry匆忙,急于incaseof假如,防备inamoment立刻,一会儿inasense从某种意义上说inaway在某种程度上inaword简言之,总之inaccordancewith与一致,按照inaddition另外,加之inadditionto除之外(还)inadvance预先,事先inall总共,合计inanycase无论如何inanyevent无论如何inbrief简单地说inchargeof负责,总管incommon共用的,共有的inconsequence(of)因此由于indebt欠债,欠情indetail详细地indifficulty处境困难ineffect实际上,事实上ingeneral一般来说,大体上infavourof支持,赞成infrontof面对,在前inhalf成两半inhand在进行中,待办理inhonourof为庆祝,为纪念initself本质上,就其本身而言inlinewith与一致inmemoryof纪念innocase决不innotime立即,马上innoway决不inorder按顺序,按次序inotherwords换句话说inpart部分地inparticular特别,尤其inperson亲自,本人inplace在合适的位置inplaceof代替,取代,交换inpractice在实践中,实际上inproportionto与成比例inpublic公开地,当众inquantity大量inquestion正在谈论的inregardto关于,至于inrelationto关于,涉及inreturn作为报答回报交换inreturnfor作为对报答inshort简言之,总之insight被见到在望inspiteof尽管instep齐步,合拍instepwith与一致协调intears流着泪,在哭着inthecourseof在期间过程中inthedistance在远处intheend最后,终于intheeventof如果发生,万一inthefaceof即使在面前inthefirstplace首先inthefuture在未来intheleast丝毫,一点in(the)lightof鉴于,由于intheway挡道intheworld究竟,到底intime及时intouch联系,接触inturn依次,轮流转而invain徒劳,白费力insteadof代替,而不是justnow眼下刚才littlebylittle逐渐地lotsof许多manya许多moreorless或多或少,有点nextdoor隔壁的,在隔壁nodoubt无疑地nolessthan不少于不亚于nolonger不再nomore不再nomorethan至多,同一样不noneotherthan不是别的,正是onone'sguard警惕,提防nothingbut只有,只不过nowandthen时而,偶尔offandon断断续续,间歇地offduty下班onalargesmallscale大小规模地onaccountof由于on(anthe)average平均,通常onbehalfof代表onboard在船(车飞机)上onbusiness因公onconditionthat如果onduty上班,值班onearth究竟,到底onfire起火着火onfoot步行,onguard站岗,值班wordforword逐字的onhand在场,在手边onoccasion(s)有时,间或onone'sown独立,独自onpurpose故意地onsale出售,廉价出售onschedule按时间表,准时onsecondthoughts经重新考虑onthecontrary正相反onthegroundsof根据,以为由on(the)onehand一方面ontheotherhand另一方面onthepointof即将的时刻ontheroad在旅途中ontheside作为兼职副业onthespot在场马上onthewhole总的来说,大体上ontime准时onceagain再一次once(and)forall一劳永逸地onceinawhile偶尔oncemore再一次onceuponatime从前oneanother相互orelse否则,要不然orso大约,左右otherthan非除了outof从中由于缺乏outofburath喘不过气来outofcontrol失去控制outofdate过时的outofdoors在户外outoforder出故障的outofplace不适当的outofpractice久不练习,荒疏outofsight看不见,在视野外outofthequestion毫无可能的outoftouch不联系,不接触overandover(again)一再地,再三地priorat在之前quiteafew相当多,不少ratherthan不是(而是)regardlessof不顾,不惜rightaway立即,马上sidebyside肩并肩,一起sofar迄今为止soonerorlater迟早,早晚stepbystep逐步地suchas例如,诸如thanksto由于,多亏thatis(tosay)就是说,即tothepoint切中要害,切题undercontrol处于控制之下underthecircumstances这种情况下uptodate在进行中upto多达直到胜任取决于whatif切合目前情况的whatabout怎么样withrespectto如果将怎么样withregardto关于,至于withoutquestion关于,至于,withtheexceptionof除之外withoutquestion毫无疑问动词短语comefrom来自……beborn出生playfootball踢足球playtennis打网球listento听……lookat看……enjoydoing喜欢做……playcomputergames玩电脑游戏wearglasses戴着眼镜havebreakfast吃早饭午lunchsupper饭晚饭gotoschool上学talkto与……交谈takethebus乘公共汽车walkhome步行回家watchTV看电视lookfor寻找growup长大,成年wakeup叫醒醒来havefun玩得开心gotosleep入睡,睡着gohome回家haveassembly开晨会havelessons上课gotobed上床,就寝doone’shomework做家庭作业becalled被称为makemodelplanes做飞机模型meetup约见,会见goswimming去游泳wouldlike想要chatwith和……聊天lookforwardto期盼,盼望dressup盛装打扮装饰伪装playatrick搞恶作剧,捉弄cutout挖去,切去takeforawalk带……去散步seethedoctor看病begoodat擅长于……enjoyoneself(=haveagoodtime)过得愉快感到快乐teachoneself(=learnbyoneself)自学helponeselfto请随便吃……saytalktooneself自言自语byoneself(=alonewithouthelp)独自foroneself为自己makeoneselfathome不要客气take(anactive)partin(积极)参加getonwellwith与……相处融洽takeoff脱下(衣、帽、鞋等)knockonat敲(门、窗等)cometooneself苏醒恢复知觉一些不常见的英语短语,谚语或哩语)creepy有点怪有点吓人=strange例:ThatgirlisreallycreepyShealwaysstaringatmefunnyI'mafraidtogointothatstore,Thatguywhoworkthereiscreepy)gotnothingon没有抓住把柄Youpeoplegotnothingonme(你没有抓住我的把柄)例:Youcan'tprovethatIwastheonewhostoleyourbikeWecan'tgetherfired,we'regotnothingonher)rightbackatyou彼此彼此可译谢谢我也是例:A:Hey,you'reareallygoodteacherB:rightbackatyouA:YoulookreallynicetonightB:rightbackatyou)spillsthtosb泄露某事向某人倾吐心声例句:WhospilledthenewsaboutthesurpricebirthdaypartyNoweveryoneknows,includingthebirthdaygirl!Jannewassoupsetaboutthefightshehadwithherhusband,shehadtospillallthedetialstohermother)awalkingfelony危险人物恐怖人物例句:Thatgirlisawalkingfelonyinthatdress,she'sso***ythatshemakesalltheothergirlslookbadLook!There'sawalkingfelony!Thatguide'ssodrunk,helookslikehe'sabouttoridehisbikeintothebackofthebus!)onglue脑子被胶水粘住了犯傻冒傻气例句:Shemusthavebeenongluetowearthatdresstotheparty,itmakesherlooksobad!AreuonglueI'vetolduamilliontimesthatIdon'tlikeeatingseafood,whydidyouorderlobster)comeon,beserious!算了吧现实点好不好?例句:Comeonbeserious!Youcan'treallyslamdunkbasketball)thinkover仔细考虑)arriveatinaplace到达某处)eatup吃完吃光dowellin在……干得好enjoydoingsthlikedoingsth喜欢做某事喜欢干某事findout发现查出(真相等)finishoff吃完喝完stopdoingsth停止做某事stoptodosth停下来去做某事holdameting举行会议holdup举起hurryup赶快快点enterfor报名参加)langhtat嘲笑)beusedto习惯于)usedto过去常常)wake…up唤醒)workout算出

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