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首页 十八大报告全文(英文版)

十八大报告全文(英文版).doc

十八大报告全文(英文版)

louis
2012-11-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《十八大报告全文(英文版)doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

FulltextofHuJintao'sreportatthPartyCongressEnglishnewscn::HuJintao,generalsecretaryoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)andChinesepresident,deliversakeynotereportduringtheopeningceremonyofthethCPCNationalCongressattheGreatHallofthePeopleinBeijing,capitalofChina,Nov,ThethCPCNationalCongresswasopenedinBeijingonThursday(XinhuaHuangJingwen)IOurWorkinthePastFiveYearsandtheBasicExperienceWeHaveGainedinthePastTenYearsIIAchievingNewVictoryforSocialismwithChineseCharacteristicsIIITheGoalofCompletingtheBuildingofaModeratelyProsperousSocietyinAllRespectsandDeepeningReformandOpeningUpinanAllAroundWayIVAcceleratingtheImprovementoftheSocialistMarketEconomyandtheChangeoftheGrowthModelVKeepingtotheSocialistPathofMakingPoliticalAdvancewithChineseCharacteristicsandPromotingReformofthePoliticalStructureVIDevelopingaStrongSocialistCultureinChinaVIIStrengtheningSocialDevelopmentbyImprovingthePeople'sWellbeingandMakingInnovationsinManagementVIIIMakingGreatEffortstoPromoteEcologicalProgressIXAcceleratingtheModernizationofNationalDefenseandtheArmedForcesXEnrichingthePracticeof"OneCountry,TwoSystems"andAdvancingChina'sReunificationXIContinuingtoPromotetheNobleCauseofPeaceandDevelopmentofMankindXIIMakingPartyBuildingMoreScientificinAllRespectsBEIJING,Nov(Xinhua)ThefollowingisthefulltextofHuJintao'sreportdeliveredatthethNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)onNov,:FIRMLYMARCHONTHEPATHOFSOCIALISMWITHCHINESECHARACTERISTICSANDSTRIVETOCOMPLETETHEBUILDINGOFAMODERATELYPROSPEROUSSOCIETYINALLRESPECTSReporttotheEighteenthNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaonNovember,HuJintaoComrades,InowwishtodeliverthefollowingreporttotheEighteenthNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaonbehalfoftheSeventeenthPartyCentralCommitteeTheEighteenthNationalCongressisoneofgreatimportancebeingheldwhenChinahasenteredthedecisivestageofcompletingthebuildingofamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsTheunderlyingthemeofthecongressistoholdhighthegreatbannerofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,followtheguidanceofDengXiaopingTheory,theimportantthoughtofThreeRepresentsandtheScientificOutlookonDevelopment,freeupthemind,implementthepolicyofreformandopeningup,poolourstrength,overcomealldifficulties,firmlymarchonthepathofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,andstrivetocompletethebuildingofamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsAtthismomentwhenIaddressyou,weareconvincedthatthankstooveryearsofhardstruggle,ourPartyhasralliedandledthepeopleofallethnicgroupsofthecountryinturningthepoorandbackwardoldChinaintoanincreasinglyprosperousandpowerfulnewChinaandopeningupbrightprospectsforthegreatrenewaloftheChinesenationWeareallthemoreproudofthehistoricachievementsofthePartyandthepeople,weareallthemorefirmintheidealandconvictionofthePartyandthepeople,andweareallthemoreawareofthehistoricresponsibilityofthePartyAtpresent,astheglobal,nationalandourParty'sconditionscontinuetoundergoprofoundchanges,wearefacedwithunprecedentedopportunitiesfordevelopmentaswellasrisksandchallengesunknownbeforeThewholePartymustkeepinmindthetrustthepeoplehaveplacedinusandthegreatexpectationtheyhaveofusWemustaimhigherandworkharderandcontinuetopursuedevelopmentinascientificway,promotesocialharmony,andimprovethepeople'slivessoastocompletethegloriousandarduoustasksbestowedonusbythetimesIOurWorkinthePastFiveYearsandtheBasicExperienceWeHaveGainedinthePastTenYearsOverthepastfiveyearssincetheSeventeenthPartyCongress,wehavemarchedboldlyonthepathofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsDuringthesefiveyears,wehaveovercomenumerousdifficultiesandrisksandachievednewsuccessesinbuildingamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsTheSeventeenthPartyCongressadoptedacomprehensiveplanforpromotingreformandopeningupandsocialistmodernizationandattainingthegrandgoalofbuildingamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsToimplementthisdecisionoftheSeventeenthPartyCongress,theCentralCommitteehasheldsevenplenarysessions,atwhichdecisionsweremadeandimplementingstepsadoptedonthefollowingissuesofunderlyingimportance:deepeningreformoftheadministrativesystem,promotingruralreformanddevelopment,improvingandstrengtheningPartybuildinginanewenvironment,formulatingtheTwelfthFiveYearPlanandpromotingreformanddevelopmentoftheculturalsectorDuringthepastfiveyears,wehavefulfilledthegoalsoftheEleventhFiveYearPlanandmadegoodprogressinimplementingtheTwelfthFiveYearPlan,andwehavemadenewandmajorachievementsinallfieldsofourworkTheeconomyhasdevelopedsteadilyandrapidlyChina'soverallnationalstrengthhasgrownconsiderablyThegrossdomesticproduct(GDP)reachedtrillionyuanin,andgovernmentrevenueincreasedbyawidemarginTheoverallagriculturalproductioncapacityhasincreasedandgrainoutputhasgoneupyearafteryearFreshprogresshasbeenmadeinadjustingtheindustrialstructure,andtheinfrastructurehasbeenextensivelyupgradedUrbanizationhasbeensteadilyadvanced,anddevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareasandbetweenregionshasbecomebetterbalancedNotableprogresshasbeenmadeinmakingChinaaninnovativecountry,andmajorbreakthroughshavebeenmadeinmannedspaceflights,thelunarexplorationprogram,andinthedevelopmentofamanneddeepseasubmersible,supercomputersandhighspeedrailwaysSolidstepshavebeentakentopromoteecologicalprogress,andcomprehensiveprogresshasbeenmadeinresourceconservationandenvironmentalprotectionMajorprogresshasbeenregisteredinreformandopeningupChina'soverallruralreform,thereformintenureofcollectiveforestsandthereformofstateownedenterpriseshavebeendeepened,andthenonpublicsectoroftheeconomyhasregisteredsoundgrowthThecountry'smodernmarketsystemandmacroregulatorysystemhavebeensteadilyimproved,anditsreformoffinanceandtaxation,banking,prices,scienceandtechnology,education,socialsecurity,medicineandpublichealth,andpublicinstitutionshasprogressedsteadilyChina'sopeneconomyhasreachedanewlevel,anditsimportandexportvolumenowrankssecondintheworldLivingstandardshavebeensignificantlyimprovedEffortstoimprovethepeople'swellbeinghavebeenintensifiedurbanandruralemploymenthascontinuedtoincreaseindividualincomehasincreasedrapidlyhouseholdassetshavegrownsteadilypeople'sneedfordailynecessitiessuchasclothing,food,housingandtransportationisbettermetsubsistenceallowancesforbothurbanandruralresidentsandtheruralpovertylinehavebeenraisedbyabigmarginandbasicpensionsforenterpriseretireeshaveincreasedcontinuallyNewstrideshavebeenmadeindevelopingdemocracyandthelegalsystemFurtherprogresshasbeenmadeinreformingthepoliticalstructureUrbanandruraldeputiestopeople'scongressesarenowelectedonthebasisofthesamepopulationratioCommunityleveldemocracyhassteadilydevelopedThesocialistsystemoflawswithChinesecharacteristicshasbeenestablished,andnotableachievementshavebeenmadeinbuildingasocialistcountrybasedontheruleoflawThepatrioticunitedfronthasbeenconsolidatedandexpandedThereformoftheadministrativesystemhasdeepened,andfurtherprogresshasbeenmadeinthereformofthejudicialsystemandtheworkmechanismsofthejudiciaryDevelopmentoftheculturalsectorhasreachedanewstageIntensiveeffortshavebeenmadetopromotecoresocialistvaluescomprehensiveprogresshasbeenmadeinthereformoftheculturalsystemimportantheadwayhasbeenmadeinprovidingpublicculturalservicestheculturalindustryhasgrownrapidlyculturalcreationandproductionisflourishingandpeopleenjoyricherintellectualpursuitsandculturalentertainmentNewprogresshasbeenmadeinpublicfitnessprogramsandcompetitivesportsFreshprogresshasbeenmadeinsocialdevelopmentBasicpublicserviceshaveimprovedmarkedly,andaccesstothemhasbecomemuchmoreequitableEducationhasdevelopedrapidly,andfreecompulsoryeducationisnowavailableinallurbanandruralareasMarkedprogresshasbeenmadeindevelopingthesocialsecuritysystemthebasicoldageinsurancesystemcoveringboththeurbanandruralpopulationhasbeenfullyestablished,andanewtypeofsocialassistancesystemistakingshapeThewholepopulationisnowbasicallycoveredbymedicalinsurancethebasicurbanandruralhealthcaresystemsaretakingshapeConstructionoflowincomehousinghasbeenacceleratedWehavestrengthenedandmadeinnovationsinsocialmanagementandmaintainedsocialharmonyandstabilityAnewstagehasbeenreachedineffortstostrengthennationaldefenseandthearmedforcesSignificantachievementshavebeenmadeintherevolutioninmilitaryaffairswithChinesecharacteristicsCoordinatedandallaroundprogresshasbeenmadeineffortstoensuretherevolutionarynatureofthearmedforcesandthattheyaremodernandfollowstandardproceduresinalloperationsMilitarypreparednesshasbeenenhancedThearmedforceshavegreatlyenhancedtheircapabilityofcarryingouttheirhistoricmissioninthisnewstageinthenewcentury,andtheyhaveaccomplishedahostofurgent,difficult,dangerousandarduoustasksWorkrelatedtoHongKong,MacaoandTaiwanaffairshasbeenfurtherstrengthenedHongKongandMacaohaveremainedprosperousandstable,andtheirexchangesandcooperationwiththemainlandhavereachedanewstageWehaveachievedamajortransitionintherelationsbetweenthetwosidesoftheTaiwanStraits,withdirectandtwowaylinksofmailservice,transportandtradefullyestablished,andtheEconomicCooperationFrameworkAgreementbetweenthemhasbeensignedforimplementationAllthishaspromotedextensivemutualcontactsandusheredinanewstageofpeacefulgrowthofcrossStraitsrelationsNewprogresshasbeenmadeinChina'sdiplomacyWehavestaunchlyprotectedChina'sinterestsandthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofChinesenationalsandlegalpersonsoverseasWehaveincreasedexchangesandcooperationwithothercountriesWehavepromotedreforminglobalgovernance,enhancedworldpeaceanddevelopment,securedmorerepresentationandagreatersayforChinaininternationalaffairs,andcreatedfavorableinternationalconditionsforChina'sreformanddevelopmentAllaroundprogresshasbeenmadeinPartybuildingFurtherprogresshasbeenregisteredinstrengtheningtheParty'sgovernancecapacityanditsadvancednatureNotableresultshavebeenachievedinstrengtheningthePartytheoreticallySignificantachievementshavebeenmadeinstudyingandapplyingtheScientificOutlookonDevelopmentMajorprogresshasbeenmadeinconductingreformandinnovationinPartybuildingIntraPartydemocracyhasbeenfurtherexpandedMajorprogresshasalsobeenmadeinstrengtheningtheranksofPartyofficialsandnewprogresshasbeenregisteredinmanagingqualifiedprofessionalsWehaveintensifiedactivitiestoencouragePartymembersandorganizationstoexcelintheirworkandtobuildlearningPartyorganizationsCommunitylevelPartyorganizationshavebeenstrengthenedNewprogresshasbeenmadeinimprovingPartyconduct,promotingintegrityandcombatingcorruptionOntheotherhand,wemustbekeenlyawarethatthereisstillmuchroomforimprovementinourworkandtherearealotofdifficultiesandproblemsonourroadaheadTheyincludethefollowing:Unbalanced,uncoordinatedandunsustainabledevelopmentremainsabigproblemThecapacityforscientificandtechnologicalinnovationisweakTheindustrialstructureisunbalancedAgriculturalinfrastructureremainsweakResourceandenvironmentalconstraintshavebecomemoreseriousManysystemicbarriersstandinthewayofpromotingdevelopmentinascientificwayThetasksofdeepeningreformandopeningupandchangingthegrowthmodelremainarduousThedevelopmentgapbetweenurbanandruralareasandbetweenregionsisstilllarge,andsoareincomedisparitiesSocialproblemshaveincreasedmarkedlyTherearemanyproblemsaffectingpeople'simmediateinterestsineducation,employment,socialsecurity,healthcare,housing,theecologicalenvironment,foodanddrugsafety,workplacesafety,publicsecurity,lawenforcement,administrationofjustice,etcSomepeoplestillleadhardlivesThereisalackofethicsandintegrityinsomefieldsofendeavorSomeofficialsarenotcompetenttopursuedevelopmentinascientificwaySomecommunitylevelPartyorganizationsareweakandlaxAsmallnumberofPartymembersandofficialswaverintheParty'sidealandconvictionandarenotfullyawareofitspurposeGoingthroughformalitiesandbureaucratismaswellasextravaganceandwasteareseriousproblemsSomesectorsarepronetocorruptionandothermisconduct,andthefightagainstcorruptionremainsaseriouschallengeforusWemusttakethesedifficultiesandproblemsveryseriouslyandworkhardertoresolvethemOurworkinthepastfiveyearsisanimportantpartofourendeavortobuildamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsinthepasttenyearssincetheSixteenthNationalCongressofthePartyDuringthesetenyears,wehaveseizedandmadethemostoftheimportantperiodofstrategicopportunitiesforChina'sdevelopment,successfullymetmajorchallengesandbroughtsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicstoanewstageofdevelopmentFacingavolatileglobalenvironmentandfiercecompetitioninoverallnationalstrengthunseenbeforeinthisnewstageinthenewcentury,wehavedeepenedreformandopeningupandaccelerateddevelopmentWetookChina'saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganizationasanopportunitytoturnpressureintomotivationandturnchallengesintoopportunities,andwehaveforgedaheadinbuildingamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsWhilewewereontheway,weovercametheunexpectedoutbreakofthesevereacuterespiratorysyndrome(SARS)OnthebasisofreviewingChina'sdevelopmentpractices,wegainedagoodunderstandingoftheessentialfeaturesofitsdevelopmentinthecurrentstage,setforthinatimelywaymajorstrategicthinkingincludingtheScientificOutlookonDevelopment,andhavefullyappliedit,andthusgreatlyexpandedthespaceforeconomicandsocialdevelopmentAfter,theglobalfinancialcrisiscausedacutedifficultiestoChina'sdevelopmentBymakingresolutedecisionsandtakingmajorcountermeasuresonthebasisofsizinguptheoveralldevelopmentinascientificway,wemadeChina'seconomythefirstintheworldtomakeaturnaround,andwehavegainedimportantexperienceineffectivelydefusingexternaleconomicrisksandmaintainingsteadyandrobustgrowthWesuccessfullyhostedtheGamesoftheXXIXOlympiadandtheXIIIParalympicGamesinBeijingandtheWorldExpoinShanghaiWewongreatvictoriesinrespondingtothemassiveWenchuanearthquakeinSichuanProvinceandothernaturaldisastersandinpostdisasterrecoveryandreconstructionandsettledmajoremergenciesBracingourselvesagainstcomplexdomesticandinternationaldevelopments,ourPartyandpeoplehavestoodseveretests,consolidatedanddevelopedthecauseofreformandopeningupandsocialistmodernization,andraisedChina'sinternationalstandingAllthisshowsthesuperiorityandvitalityofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandhasenhancedtheprideandcohesivenessoftheChinesepeopleandnationOverthepasttenyears,wehaveachievednewhistoricsuccessesandlaidasolidfoundationforcompletingthebuildingofamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsChina'seconomyhasrisenfromthesixthtothesecondplaceintheworldThecountryhasundergonenewhistoricchanges:Itsproductiveforcesandeconomic,scientificandtechnologicalstrengthhaveincreasedconsiderably,thepeople'slivingstandards,individualincomeandsocialsecurityhaveimprovedsignificantly,anditsoverallnationalstrengthandinternationalcompetitivenessandinfluencehavebeenenhancedsubstantiallyDuringthisperiod,Chinahasseencontinuouseconomicdevelopment,steadyimprovementindemocracy,andincreasingculturalprosperityandsocialstability,andwehaveworkedhardtoensureandimprovethepeople'swellbeingandbroughtthemmorebenefitsthaneverbeforeAndallthisiswidelyrecognizedThesehistoricsuccessesareattributabletothecorrectguidanceoftheParty'sbasictheory,line,programandexperiencetheyhavebeenachievedonthefirmfoundationlaidsincethefoundingofNewChinainandparticularlysincetheadoptionofthepolicyofreformandopeningupinandtheyarethefruitsoftheunitedeffortsofthewholePartyandthepeopleofallethnicgroupsinChinaHere,onbehalfoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,IwishtoexpressourheartfeltthankstothepeopleofallethnicgroupsinChina,tothedemocraticparties,people'sorganizationsandpatriotsfromallwalksoflife,toourcompatriotsintheHongKongSpecialAdministrativeRegion,theMacaoSpecialAdministrativeRegionandTaiwanaswellasoverseasChinese,andtoourforeignfriendswhoviewfavorablyandsupportChina'smodernizationdriveThemostimportantachievementinourendeavorsinthepasttenyearsisthatwehaveformedtheScientificOutlookonDevelopmentandputitintopracticebyfollowingtheguidanceofMarxismLeninism,MaoZedongThought,DengXiaopingTheoryandtheimportantthoughtofThreeRepresentsandbymakingcourageoustheoreticalinnovationsonthebasisofpracticesanddevelopingcloselyinterconnectednewideasandviewpointsonupholdingandbuildingsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsTheScientificOutlookonDevelopmentwascreatedbyintegratingMarxismwiththerealityofcontemporaryChinaandwiththeunderlyingfeaturesofourtimes,anditfullyembodiestheMarxistworldviewonandmethodologyfordevelopmentThistheoryprovidesnewscientificanswerstothemajorquestionsofwhatkindofdevelopmentChinashouldachieveinanewenvironmentandhowthecountryshouldachieveitItrepresentsanewlevelofourunderstandingofthelawsofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsandreachesanewrealminthedevelopmentofMarxismincontemporaryChinaTheScientificOutlookonDevelopmentisthelatestachievementindevelopingthesystemoftheoriesofsocialismwithChinesecharacteristics,anditisthecrystallizationofthecollectivewisdomoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandapowerfultheoreticalweaponforguidingalltheworkofthePartyandcountryTogetherwithMarxismLeninism,MaoZedongThought,DengXiaopingTheoryandtheimportantthoughtofThreeRepresents,theScientificOutlookonDevelopmentisthetheoreticalguidancethePar

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十八大报告全文(英文版)

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