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首页 国际经济法_英文名解汇总_纲目版.doc

国际经济法_英文名解汇总_纲目版.doc

国际经济法_英文名解汇总_纲目版.doc

上传者: goodboy 2012-10-31 评分 5 0 101 14 461 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《国际经济法_英文名解汇总_纲目版doc》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含国际经济法英文名解汇总第章国际经济法总论Merchandisetheory重商主义学说Absoluteadvantagetheory绝对优势理论学说符等。

国际经济法英文名解汇总第章国际经济法总论Merchandisetheory重商主义学说Absoluteadvantagetheory绝对优势理论学说Comparativeadvantagetheory比较优势理论学说Internationaleconomiclaw国际经济法Worldbank(group)=WBG世界银行(集团)Worldtradeorganization=WTO世界贸易组织Internationalmonetaryfund=IMF国际货币基金组织TreatyonEuropeanunion欧盟条约Lawofconflictoflaws国际私法法律冲突法Naturalperson自然人Legalperson法人Transnationalcorporations跨国公司Quasiinternationalagreement准国际协议Generalagreementontariffsandtrade=GATT《关税与贸易总协定》UNCTAD联合国贸易与发展会议联合国贸发会议EU欧盟ASEAN东南亚联盟CCM加勒比共同市场NAFTA北美自由贸易区Organizationofpetroleumexportingcountries=OPEC石油输出国组织UNCITRAL联合国国际贸易法委员会WIPO世界知识产权组织第二章国际货物买卖法UnitedNationsConventiononContractsfortheInternationalSaleofGoods=CISG《联合国国际货物销售合同公约》《销售合同公约》Negotiation洽商Termsoftransaction交易条件Inquiry询盘Buyingoffer=Bid买方发盘递盘Sellingoffer卖方发盘Tosignacontract签订合同Offer要约Offeror要约人Offeree受要约人Invitationforoffer要约邀请Quotation报价单Pricelist价目表Catalogues商品目录Specificperson特定的人Sufficientlydefinite十分确定Crossoffer碰头要约Withdrawal(要约的)撤回Revocation(要约的)撤销Irrevocable不可撤销Reasonabletime合理的时间Publicoffer公开发盘Acceptance承诺Lateacceptance逾期承诺Officialholidays正式假日Nonbusinessdays非营业日Mirrorimagerule镜子反射规则Additions添加Modifications更改Limitations限制Materialalteration实质上的变更Receivedoftheletterofacceptancerule到达生效原则Corporation公司Firm商行Partnership合伙Insurancetobeeffectedbythebuyer保险由买方负责Inspectionclause检验条款Claimclause索赔条款Confirmationofsales销售确认书Contractofsales买卖合同Concurrentcondition对流条件Delivery交货Takedelivery受领Shippingdocuments装运单据Counteroffer反要约还盘Right权利Claim要求Breachofcontract违约Fundamentalbreachofcontract根本违反合同Anticipatorybreachofcontract预期违反合同Adequateassuranceofhisperformance提供充分保证Damages损害赔偿Specificperformance实际履行Repair修理Declarethecontractavoided宣告合同无效WarsawOxfordRules《华沙牛津规则》InternationalRulesfortheInterpretationofTradeTerms=Incoterms《国际贸易术语解释通则》ICC国际商会ElectronicDataInterchange=EDI电子数据交换Departure启运(E组术语)Maincarriageunpaid主运费未付(F组术语)Maincarriagepaid主运费已付(C组术语)Arrival到达(D组术语)EXW=EXWorks……(namedplace)工厂交货……(指定地点)FCA=FreeCarrier……(namedplace)货交承运人……(指定地点)FAS=FreeAlongsideShip……(namedportofshipment)船边交货……(指定装运港)FOB=FreeonBoard……(namedportofshipment)船上交货……(指定装运港)又称离岸价格CFR=CostandFreight……(namedportofdestination)成本加运费……(指定目的港)CIF=CostInsuranceandFreight……(namedportofdestination)成本、保险费加运费……(指定目的港)CPT=Carriagepaidto……(namedportofdestination)运费付至……(指定目的地)CIP=CarriageandInsurancepaidto……(namedportofdestination)运费及保险费付至……(指定目的地)DAF=DeliveredatFrontier……(namedplace)边境交货……(指定地点)DES=DeliveredExShip……(namedportofdestination)目的港船上交货……(指定目的港)DEQ=DeliveredExQuay……(namedportofdestination)目的港码头交货……(指定目的港)DDU=DeliveredDutyUnpaid……(namedportofdestination)未完税交货……(指定目的地)DDP=DeliveredDutyPaid……(namedportofdestination)完税后交货……(指定目的地)Equivalentelectronicmessage相等的电子单证Ship'srail船舷Documenttransaction单证交易Specificgoods特定货物Unascertainedgoods非特定货物Specifiedgoods特定化货物Intransit路货Tenderordeliveryofgoods提供或交付的货物第三章国际货物运输与保险法律制度Shipowner船舶所有人Disponentowner二船东Affreightmentinageneralship件杂货运输合同零担运输合同提单运输Linershipping班轮运输Charterparty=CP租船合同Voyagecharterparty航次租船合同SingletripCP单航次合同ReturntripCP往返航次租船合同ConsecutivesingletripCP连续单航次合同ConsecutivereturntripCP连续往返航次租船合同Contractofaffreightment包运租船合同Standardform标准合同形式Gencon“金康”合同Safetyportclause安全港条款Alwaysfloatingclause永远漂浮状态条款Timecharterparty定期租船合同Baltime波尔泰定期租船合同Bareboatcharterparty=charterbydemise光船租赁合同Contractofaffreightment海上货物运输包运合同海上货物运输总合同Combinedtransport联合运输Combinedtransportcontract多式联运合同Frustration合同受阻Duediligencetomaketheshipseaworthiness谨慎处理使船舶处于适航的状态Deviation绕航Freight运费Freightprepaid预付运费Freighttocollect到付运费Deadfreight亏舱费空舱费Demurrage滞期费Generalaveragecontribution共同海损费用Packagelimitationofliability单位责任限制Seawaybill海运单Billoflading=BL提单Primafacieevidence初步证据Conclusiveevidence绝对证据Shipped(oronboard)BL已装船提单ReceivedforshippedBL收货待运提单备运提单Dockreceipt场站收据StraightBL记名提单BearerBL=openorblankBL不记名提单空白提单持票人提单Bearer持有人Tobearer交与持有人OrderBL指示提单Toorder凭指示Toorderof凭某某人指示CleanBL清洁提单Inapparentgoodorderandcondition上列外表状况良好UncleanBL=clausedBL=foulBL不清洁提单Mate'sreceipt大副收据Letterofindemnity保函LongformBL全式提单繁式提单ShortformBL简式提单略式提单DirectBL直达提单TransshipmentBL转船提单throughBL联运提单OceanthroughBL海上联运提单Contractingcarrier订约承运人Successivecarriers连续的承运人Oncarrier接运承运人Actualcarrier实际承运人PureoceanthroughBL纯海上联运提单CombinedtransportBL多式联运提单LinerBL班轮提单CharterpartyBL租船提单OndeckBL舱面提单甲板提单Ondeckrisk甲板险AntidatedBL倒签提单AdvancedBL预借提单ElectronicBL电子提单CMIRulesforElectronicBillofLading《国际海事委员会电子提单规则》Vesselandnationality船名和船舶国籍Portsofloadingandunloadingandofcall装货地和目的地或中途停靠港地Descriptionofgoods,marks,packages,numbers,measurementorweight货物品名、标志、包装、件数、体积或重量Freightandcharges运费和应当给付承运人的其他费用Dateofsigningat提单签发的日期、地点和分数Signedbycarriermaster承运人或船长签署Nameofvessel船名Carrier承运人Shipper托运人Consignee收货人Notifyparty通知人Tobenotified需通知Freightpayment运费支付Jurisdictionclause管辖权条款Paramountclause首要条款Carrier'sliabilityclause承运人责任条款Periodofcarrier'sresponsibilityclause承运人责任期间条款Loading,DischargingandDeliveryClause装货、卸货和交货条款Packagelimitation赔偿责任限额Deckcargoandliveanimalsclause甲板货和活动物条款Cargoincontainerclause集装箱货物条款Forwarding,Substituteofvessel,ThroughcarriageandTranshipmentclause转运、换船、联运与转船条款Generalaverageclause共同海损条款NewJasonClause新杰森条款Bothtoblamecollisionclause互有过失碰撞条款OriginalBL正本提单Copy副本Nonnegotiable不能流通Letterofindemnity保函Defraudathirdparty对第三者有欺诈的意图Endorsement背书Assignor出让人Assignee受让人Endorsementinblank空白背书Specialendorsement特定背书InternationalConventionfortheUnificationofCertainRulesofLawRelatingtoBillofLading=TheHagueRules《统一提单的若干法律规定的国际公约》《海牙规则》Fromtackletotackle“钩至钩”原则Commoncarrier公共承运人Privatecarrier私人承运人HarterAct《哈特法》Seaworthiness船舶适航的标准Loading装货Handling搬移Stowage配载Carrying运送Custodyandcaring保管和照料Discharging卸货Navigationofship驾驶船舶Managementofship管理船舶Actualfaultorprivity实际过失或私谋Inherentvice固有缺陷Latentdefect潜在缺陷Ejusdemgenesisrule同类规则ProtocoltoAmendtheInternationalConventionfortheUnificationofCertainRulesofLawRelatingtoBillsofLading=TheVisbyRules《关于修订统一提单若干法律规定的国际公约议定书》《维斯比规则》Specialdrawingright=SDR特别提款权Breachofcontract违约Tort侵权行为Himalayanclause喜马拉雅条款Independentcontractor独立的承包商UnitedNationsConventiononCarriageofGoodsbySea《年联合国海上货物运输公约》《汉堡规则》Commonunderstanding共同谅解书Internationalmultimodaltransport国际多式联运Internationalmultimodaltransportofgoods国际货物多式联运Container集装箱Containerfreightstation=CFS集装箱货运站Porttoport港到港Doortodoor门到门运输UniformRulesforaCombinedTransportDocument《联运单证统一规则》Combinedtransportoperator多式联运经营人联运人Principal本人Multimodaltransportdocument多式联运单证Oceanbilloflading海洋提单Waybill铁路运单Airwaybill航空货运单空运单ConventionforUnificationofCertainRulesRelatingtoInternationalTransportationbyAir=WarsawConvention《统一国际航空运输某些规则的公约》年《华沙公约》HagueProtocal《修改年月日在华沙签订的国际航空运输某些规则的公约的议定书》《海牙议定书》Guadalajaraconvention《统一非订约承运人所办国际航空运输某些规则以补充华沙公约的公约》《瓜达拉哈拉公约》Airconsignmentnote=ACN空运单证空运托运单CIM国际铁路货物运输公约CMR国际公路货物运输公约Wilfulmisconduct故意的不当行为Insurancebroker保险经纪人Theslip承保条Insurancepolicy保险单Marineinsurance海上保险水险Valuedpolicy定值保单Valuedinsurance定值保险合同Unvaluedpolicy不定值保单Unvaluedinsurance不定值保险合同Voyage航程保单Timepolicy定期保单Openpolicy预约保险合同预约保单开口保单Originalslip原始承保条Floatingpolicy流动保险合同流动保单Insurableinterest保险利益可保利益Legalinterest法律所认可的利益Pecuniaryinterest经济上的利益Definiteinterest确定的利益Utmostgoodfaith绝对诚信Disclosure告知Warranty保证Promissorywarranty允诺的担保Principleofindemnity损失补偿Proximate近因原则Perilsofthesea海上风险海难Naturalcalamity自然灾害Fortuitousaccidents意外事故Extraneousrisks外来风险Totalloss全部损失Actualtotalloss实际全损Constructivetotal(loss)推定全损Partialloss部分损失Particularaverage=PA单独海损Generalaverage=GA共同海损Generalaveragecontribution共同海损分摊Sueandlabourexpenses诉讼与营救费用Salvagecharges救助费用Abandonment委付Subrogation代位求偿Freefromparticularaverage平安险单独海损不赔Withparticularaverage水渍险Allrisks一切险Additionalrisks附加险Generaladditionalrisks一般附加险Theft,pilferageandnondelivery偷窃提货不着险Rainfreshwaterdamage淡水雨淋险Riskofshortage短量险Riskofcontamination玷污险Riskofleakage渗漏险Riskofclashingbreakage碰损破碎险Riskofodour串味险Damagecausedbysweatingorheating受潮受热险Riskdamage钩损险Lossofdamagecausedbybreakageofpacking包装破裂险Riskofrusting锈损险Specialadditionalrisk特别附加险Warrisk战争险Strikesrisk罢工险Ondeckrisk舱面险Importdutyrisk进口关税险Rejectionrisk拒收险Failuretodeliverrisk交货不到险第章国际贸易结算与支付法律制度Internationalpayment国际支付Foreignexchangecontrol外汇管制InternationalMonetaryFund=IMF国际货币基金组织Forwardtransaction远期外汇交易Swaptransaction掉期交易Currencyoption外币期权交易Bill票据Drawer出票人Drawee=payer受票人付款人Payee受款人Negotiation权利转让Assignment债权让与Predecessors前手Holderforvalue付了对价的持票人Holderinduecourse正当持票人Protectedholder受保护持票人Billofexchange=draft=bill汇票Promissorynote本票Check=cheque支票Issue出票Preparation做成Delivery交付Endorsement背书Presentment提示Acceptance承兑Payment付款Dishonour拒付Recourse追索Electronicfundstransfer=EFT电子资金划拨Originator发端人Beneficiary受益人Originator'sbank发端人银行接受发端人支付指令的银行Intermediarybank中间银行Beneficiary'sbank受益人银行Remittance汇付顺汇Reverseremittance逆汇Collection托收Letterofcredit信用证Remitter汇款人Remittingbank汇出行Payingbank汇入行Payee收款人Mailtransfer=MT信汇Telegraphictransfer=TT电汇Demanddraft=DD票汇Paymentinadvance预付货物Paymentafterarrivalofgoods货到付款Banker'sdemanddraft银行即期汇票Remittanceagainstdocuments凭单付款Principal=customer委托人本人(银行的)客户Subagent代理人的代理人Remittanceletter托收委托书Privityofcontract合同关系Remittingbank托收行Collectingbank代收行Drawee付款人汇票受票人Cleancollection光票托收Documentarycollection跟单托收Documentsagainstpayment=DP付款交单Documentsagainstacceptance=DA承兑交单UniformRulesontheCollection=URC《托收统一规则》URCCollectionorder托收指令Collectioninstruction托收指示Discount贴现Applicationform开证申请书Applicant开证申请人Issuingbank开证行Advisingbank通知行Beneficiary受益人Negotiatingbank议付行Confirmingbank保兑行Payingbank付款行Transferee=secondbeneficiary受让人第二受益人Reimbursingbank偿付银行清算银行DocumentaryLC跟单信用证CleanLC光票信用证RevocableLC可撤销信用证IrrevocableLC不可撤销信用证ConfirmedLC保兑信用证UnconfirmedLC不保兑信用证SightLC即期信用证UsanceLC远期信用证TransferableLC可转让信用证DivisibleLC可分割信用证RevolvingLC循环信用证NonrevolvingLC非循环信用证ReciprocalLC对开信用证StandbyLC备用信用证担保信用证保证信用证履约信用证Bindingpromise有约束力的允诺UniformCustomsandPracticeforDocumentaryCredit=UCP《跟单信用证统一惯例》UCPAlldiscrepancies全部不符点Accountingreceivable=AR应收账款Factoring保理Forfaiting=invoicediscounting福费廷发票贴现包买票据Securitization资产证券化Projectfinancing项目融资TheUnitedNationsCommissiononInternationalTradeLaw=UNCITRAL联合国国际贸易法委员会Origincontract原始合同Assignmentcontract转让合同Assignment转让Assignor转让人Assignee受让人Obligor债务人Subsequentassignment后继转让Assignmentofinternationalreceivables国际应收款的转让Internationalassignmentofreceivables应收款的国际转让Notificationoftheassignment转让通知Paymentinstruction付款指示Competingcreditors竞合求偿人TrustreceiptTP信托收据Internationalfactoring国际保付代理国际保理第章WTO与中国的对外贸易管理制度GATT关税与贸易总协定WTO世界贸易组织IMF国际货币基金组织Round(各轮贸易谈判)回合Plurilateraltradeagreement诸边贸易协议复边贸易协议MarrakeshAgreementonEstablishingtheWorldTradeOrganization《马拉喀什建立世界贸易组织协定》《WTO协定》Forum场所Dohadevelopmentagenda=DDA多哈发展议程Contractingparty缔约方Member成员方Separatecustomsterritory单独关税区ChineseTaipei中华台北Freeriding免费搭车Ministerialconference部长会议Generalcouncil总理事会Council理事会Committee委员会DisputeSettlementBodyAppellateBody争端解决机构与上诉机构Secretariat秘书处MostfavorednationTreatment=MFN最惠国待遇原则GSP普遍优惠制Enablingclause授权条款Nationaltreatment国民待遇GATS《服务贸易总协定》Schedule减让表TRIPS《与贸易有关的知识产权协议》Transparency透明度原则Decision:AccessionofthePeople'sRepublicofChina《关于中华人民共和国加入的决定》ProtocolontheAccessionofthePeople'sRepublicofChina《中华人民共和国加入WTO议定书》ReportoftheWorkingPartyontheAccessionofChina《中国加入工作组报告》ProtocolofProvisionalApplication=PPA=Grandfatherclause《临时适用议定书》祖父条款MarrakeshProtocoltotheGeneralAgreementonTariffsandTrade《年GATT马拉喀什议定书》AgreementonAgriculture《农业协定》AgreementontheApplicationofSanitaryandPhytosanitaryMeasures=SPS《实施卫生与植物卫生措施协定》AgreementonTextilesandClothing=ATC《纺织品与服装协定》MultifibreArrangement=MFA《国际纺织品贸易协定》《多种纤维协定》AgreementonTechnicalBarrierstoTrade=TBT《技术性贸易壁垒协定》AgreementonTradeRelatedInvestmentMeasures=TRIMs《与贸易有关的投资措施协定》TRIMs协议AgreementonAntidumping=AD《反倾销协定》Materialinjury实质性损害AgreementonImplementationofArticleVIIoftheGeneralAgreementonTariffsandTrade《海关估价协定》《关于履行GATT第条的协定》AgreementonPreshipmentInspection=PSI《装运前检验协定》AgreementonRulesofOrigin=RO《原产地规则协定》AgreementonImportLicensingProcedures《进口许可程序协定》AgreementonSubsidiesandCountervailingMeasures=SCM《补贴与反补贴措施协定》《反补贴协定》AgreementonSafeguards=SG《保障措施协定》Seriousinjury严重损害GeneralAgreementonTradeinservices=GATS《服务贸易总协定》Specificcommitments具体承诺开价单Scheduleofspecificcommitments具体义务承诺表Crossbordersupply跨境提供Consumptionabroad境外消费Commercialpresence商业存在Movementofpersonnel自然人流动Horizontalcommitments水平承诺Sectorspecificcommitments部门承诺Plurilateraltradeagreement复边协议TradePolicyReviewMechanism=TPRM贸易政策评审机制Sunsetclause日落条款Materialinjury实质损害CloseEconomicPartnershipArrangement=CEPA《内地与香港澳门关于建立更紧密经贸关系的安排》EconomicCooperationFrameworkAgreement=ECFA《两岸经济合作架构协议》第六章国际投资法UNCTAD联合国贸发会议Equityjointventure中外合资经营企业股权式合营企业Contractualjointventure中外合作经营企业契约式合营企业Whollyownedforeignenterprise外商独资企业BuildOperateTransfer=BOT建设经营转让BuildOwnOperateTransfer=BOOT建设拥有经营转让BuildOwnOperate=BOO建设拥有经营BuildLeaseTransfer=BLT建设租赁转让BuildTransferOperate=BTO建设转让经营Stabilizationclause稳定条款Lexcontractus=lawoftheparties契约条款法当事人法AssociationofSoutheastAsianNations=ASEAN东南亚国家联盟东盟NorthAmericaFreeTradeAgreement=NAFTA《北美自由贸易协定》FTAA美洲自由贸易区ConventionontheSettlementofInvestmentDisputesbetweenStatesandNationalsofOtherStates《解决国家与他国国民之间投资争议公约》《华盛顿公约》InternationalCenterfortheSettlementofInvestmentDisputes=ICSID解决投资争议国际中心MultilateralInvestmentGuaranteeAgency=MIGA《多边投资担保机构公约》《汉城公约》AgreementonTradeRelatedInvestmentMeasures=TRIMs《与贸易有关的投资措施协定》TRIMs协议第七章国际金融法BankforInternationalSettlement=BIS国际清算银行Purchase购买Repurchase重购Draw提取Specialdrawingright=SDR特别提款权WorldBankGroup=WBG世界银行集团TheInternationalBankforReconstructionandDevelopment=IBRD国际复兴开发银行TheInternationalFinanceCorporation=IFC国际金融公司TheInternationalDevelopmentAssociation=IDA国际开发协会InternationalCenterfortheSettlementofInvestmentDisputes=ICSID解决投资争议国际中心MultilateralInvestmentGuaranteeAgency=MIGA多边投资担保机构Operationsevaluationdepartment=OED评价检查部门Hardloan硬贷款世界银行贷款Softloan软贷款国际开发协会援助贷款Blend混合贷款UnitedNationsCentreonTransnationalCorporations联合国跨国公司中心TheBasleCommitteeonBankingSupervision巴塞尔银行监管委员会LondonInterBankOfferedRated=LIBOR伦敦同业银行拆放率Definitionandinterpretation定义与释义Loancurrency贷款货币Loanamount贷款金额Purposeforloan贷款的用途Conditionprecedent贷款的先决条件条款Finalmaturityanddisbursement贷款期限和发放Interestrateandinterest贷款的利率和利息Representationandwarranties陈述与保证Covenant约定事项Negativepledge消极保证条款保证不作为条款Paripassucovenant平等地位条款Financialcovenant财务约定事项Repayment贷款的偿还Prerepayment贷款的提前偿还Governinglawandjurisdiction法律适用和司法管辖条款Assignment权利或义务的让与Setoff抵消条款Eventsofdefault违约事件条款Syndicatedloan=CorporateFinance国际辛迪加贷款国际商业银团贷款银团贷款Leadmanager经理行Termsheet贷款条件清单Mandateletter委任书Commitmentletter义务承担书Informationmemorandum信息备忘录Novation=substitution更新合同更新合同替代Assignment让与Subloans转贷款Transferableloancertificate=TLC可转让贷款证Transferableparticipatingcertificate=TPC可转让贷款参与证Transferableloaninstrument=TLI可转让贷款票据Leadmanager牵头银行经理银行Agentbank代理银行Participant参与贷款银行Projectfinance国际项目贷款Takeorpaycontract提货或付款协议第八章知识产权国际保护的法律制度AgreementonTradeRelatedAspectsofIntellectualPropertyRights=TRIPS《与贸易有关的知识产权协议》ConventionEstablishingWorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization《建立世界知识产权组织公约》WorldIntellectualPropertyOrganization=WIPO世界知识产权组织ParisConventionfortheProtectionofIndustrialProperty《保护工业产权巴黎公约》BerneConventionfortheProtectionofLiteraryandArtisticWorks《保护文学艺术作品伯尔尼公约》《伯尔尼公约》UniversalCopyrightConvention《世界版权公约》RomeConventionfortheProtectionofPerformers,ProducersofPhonogramsandBroadcastingOrganizations=RomeConvention《保护表演者、录音制品制作者与广播组织罗马公约》CopyrightandRelatedRights版权和邻接权Trademark商标Geographicalindications地理标志Industrialdesigns工业品外观设计Patent专利权Crosslicense交叉许可Layoutdesignsofintegratecircuits集成电路布图设计拓扑图IPIC《集成电路知识产权条约》《IPIC条约》Protectionofundisclosedinformation未披露信息的保护Contractuallicences协议许可MadridAgreementConcerningtheInternationalRegistrationofMarks《商标国际注册马德里协定》《马德里协定》NiceAgreementConcerningtheInternationalClassificationofGoodsandServicesforthePurposeoftheRegistrationofMarks《商标注册用商品和服务国际分类尼斯协定》《尼斯协定》Hologrammark全息商标PatentCooperationTreaty《专利合作条约》InternationalPatentClassification=IPC国际专利分类法第九章国际税法Taxresidence税收居所Thesourceofincome所得来源地所得来源国Substantialpresencetest实际存在标准OECD经济合作与发展组织Thetiebreakerclause序列选择性冲突规范的解决原则Effectivemanagement实际管理Principleofpermanentestablishment常设机构原则Distinctplace显著的地点Stability,productivity,dependence稳定性、生产性和依附性Associatedpermanentestablishment关联性常设机构Unassociatedpermanentestablishment非关联性常设机构Dependentagent非独立地位的代理人Principleoffixedbase固定基地原则Internationaldoublenontaxation国际双重免税Taxsystematicdoubletaxation税制性双重征税Juridicaldoubletaxation法律性双重征税Economicdoubletaxation经济性双重征税Methodoftaxexemption免税法豁免法Methodoffullexemption全额免税法Methodofexemptionwithprogression累进免税法Methodoftaxdeduction扣除法Methodoftaxcredit=foreigntaxcredit抵免法外国税收抵免Fullcredit全额抵免Ordinarycredit限额抵免普通抵免Limitationoncredit抵免限额Directcredit直接抵免Indirectcredit间接抵免Dividenddeductionsystem股息扣除制Splitratesystem分劈税率制双税率制Imputationcreditsystem归集抵免制估算抵免制Schedulartreatment其他处理法Internationaltaxsparingcredit=shadowtaxcredit国际税收绕让抵免饶让抵免影子税收抵免虚构抵免Taxevasion逃税Taxavoidance避税Taxrefugee税收逃难者Associatedenterprises

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