下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 心理障碍2

心理障碍2.ppt

心理障碍2

448030004
2012-10-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《心理障碍2ppt》,可适用于人文社科领域

PsychologicalDisordersPsychologicalDisordersSomatoformandDissociativeDisordersSchizophrenicDisordersPsychologicalDisordersofChildhoodTheStigmaofMentalillnessTheNatureofPsychologicalDisordersAnxietyDisordersMoodDisordersPersonalityDisordersContentsWordsschizophrenia ,skɪtsə'fri:ni:ə精神分裂症delusion di'lu:ʒən错觉妄想psychopathology ,saikəupə'θɔlədʒi精神病理学bipolarbaɪ‘pəʊlədisorder双相(心境)障碍distress dis'tres痛苦,忧伤whip hwip鞭子鞭打sane sein心智健全的理智的maladaptiveness,mælə'dæptɪvnis适应不良WordsWordsprognosis prɔg'nəʊsɪs预后morbidity mɔ:'biditi发病率,致病率comorbidity kəʊmɔ:‘biditi共病neurotic njʊ‘rɔtɪkdisorders神经症性障碍neurosis njʊ‘rəʊsɪs(neuroses)神经症psychotic saɪ‘kɔtɪkdisorders精神症性障碍psychosis saɪ'kəʊsɪs(psychoses)精神病etiology ,i:ti'ɔlədʒi病因学forbidden fə‘bɪdnimpulse被禁止的冲动ritualistic ,ritjuə‘listiktask仪式化的任务WordsWordsdysfunction dɪs‘fʌŋkʃən机能障碍phobia'fəubiə恐怖症agoraphobia æɡərə'fəubiə广场恐怖症bladder 'blædə膀胱engender en'dʒendə产生,引起prophecy 'prɔfisi预言perspire pə‘spaɪə出汗流汗silly ‘sili蠢的可笑的vicious ‘viʃəscycle恶性循环heartpalpitation pælpi'teiʃ(ə)n心悸WordsWordsmania'meɪni:ə躁狂症thwart θwɔ:t阻挠挫败elated ɪˈleɪtɪd兴高采烈的情绪高涨的predicament prɪ'dɪkəmənt窘境lavish 'læviʃ过分慷慨的humiliating hju(:)'mɪlɪeɪtɪŋ 丢脸的triad ‘traiəd三合一三个一组deficit ‘defisit缺陷亏空groundwork 'graʊnd,wɜ:k基础准备selfreproach ri‘prəutʃ自责WordsTheproblemofobjectivityClassifyingpsychologicaldisordersTheetiologyofpsychopathologyDecidingwhatisabnormalThenatureofpsychologicaldisordersDecidingwhatisabnormalDecidingwhatisabnormalSevencriteriaDistressordisabilityMaladaptivenessIrrationalityUnpredictabilityUnconventionalityandstatisticalrarityObserverdiscomfortViolationofmoralandidealstandardsDecidingwhatisabnormalDecidingwhatisabnormalIndividual,group,andenvironmentalfactorsworkstogethereffectively,ensuring:SubjectivewellbeingOptimaldevelopmentanduseofmentalabilitiesAchievementofappropriategoalsConditionsoffunctionalequalityIndividual,group,andenvironmentalfactorsconflict,producing:SubjectivedistressImpairmentorunderdevelopmentofmentalabilityFailuretoachieveappropriategoalsDestructivebehaviorsEntrenchmentofinequitiesOptimalMentalHealthMinimalMentalHealthTheproblemofobjectivityTheproblemofobjectivityAjudgmentaboutbehavior:thegoalforresearchersistomakejudgmentsobjectively,withoutanytypeofbiascontextcontentTheproblemofobjectivityTheproblemofobjectivityLet’sseewhyobjectivityissuchanimportantissueanreportItmaybeimpossibletobejudged“sane”inan“insaneplace”DavidRosenhan(,)MihailChemiakin()ClassifyingpsychologicaldisordersClassifyingpsychologicaldisordersApsychologicaldiagnosisisthelabelgiventoanabnormalitybyclassifyingandcategorizingtheobservedbehaviorpatternintoadiagnosticsystemthreebenefitsCommonshorthandlanguageUnderstandingofcausalityTreatmentplaneClassifyingpsychologicaldisordersClassifyingpsychologicaldisordersHistoricalperspectiveonclassificationEvolutionofdiagnosticcategoriesHistoricalperspectiveonclassificationHistoricalperspectiveonclassificationPhilippePinel()EmilKraepelin()DSMⅣTR(AmericanPsychiatricAssociation,APA)DiagnosticandStatisticalManualofMentalDisorders,,,FivedimensionsaxesAxisⅢClinicaldisorders(a)Personalitydisorders(b)MentalretardationGeneralmedicalconditionsPsychosocialandenvironmentalproblemsGlobalassessmentoffunctioningFiveaxesAxisⅠAxisⅡAxisⅣAxisⅤHistoricalperspectiveonclassificationHistoricalperspectiveonclassificationComorbidityreferstothecooccurrenceofdiseasesMorbidityreferstotheoccurrenceofdiseaseEvolutionofdiagnosticcategoriesEvolutionofdiagnosticcategoriesTheshiftsreflectchangesaboutwhatconstitutesapsychologicaldisorderWherethelinesbetweendifferenttypesofdisordersshouldbedrawnEgneuroticdisorderspsychoticdisordersEghomosexualityTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheetiologyofpsychopathologyEtiologyreferstothefactorsthatcauseorcontributetothedevelopmentofpsychologicalandmedicalproblemsWhythedisorderoccursWhatitsoriginsareHowitaffectsthoughtandemotionalandbehavioralprocessesTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheetiologyofpsychopathologyBiologicalapproachesPsychologicaldisturbancesareattributabletounderlyingbiologicalfactorsbrainbiochemicalprocessesgeneticinfluencesTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheetiologyofpsychopathologyPsychologicalapproachesthecausalroleofpsychologicalorsocialfactorsinthedevelopmentofpsychopathologyPersonalexperiencesTraumasConflictsEnvironmentalfactorsTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheetiologyofpsychopathologyPsychologicalapproachesPsychodynamicThecausesofpsychopathologyarelocatedinsidethepersonBehavioralfocus:thecurrentbehaviorandcurrentconditionsorreinforcementsthatsustainthebehaviorCognitivefocus:thewaypeopleperceiveorthinkaboutthemselvesandabouttheirrelationshipwithotherpeopleandtheenvironmentSocioculturalfocus:therolecultureplaysinboththediagnosisandetiologyofabnormalbehaviorAninteractionistperspective:psychopathologyistheproductofacomplexinteractionbetweenanumberofbiologicalandpsychologicalfactorsPhobiasObsessivecompulsivedisorderGeneralizedanxietydisorderPanicdisorderPosttraumaticstressdisorderCausesofanxietydisordersAnxietyDisordersAnxietyDisordersDifferintheextenttowhichanxietyisexperiencedtheseverityoftheanxietyThesituationthattriggertheanxietyAnxietyDisordersGeneralizedanxietydisorderfeelanxiousorworriedmostofthetimeforatleastmonthsnotthreatenedbyanyspecificdangerfocusonspecificlifecircumstancesleadtoimpairedfunctioningAnxietyDisordersPanicdisorderpanicattacksunexpected,severeafeelingofintenseapprehension,fearorterroraccompanywithphysicalsymptomsAnxietyDisordersagoraphobiaAgoraphobiaisanextremefearofbeinginpublicplacesoropenspacesfromwhichescapemaybedifficultorembarrassingAnxietyDisordersCanyouseewhyagoraphobiaisrelatedtopanicdisorderThedreadofnextattackandhelplessfeelingsBeimprisonedMayleavehomeWithextremeanxietyPhobiasapersistentandirrationalfearofaspecificobject,activity,orsituationthatisexcessiveandunreasonablegiventherealityofthethreatSocialphobiasSpecificphobiasAnxietyDisordersSocialphobiasSpecificphobiasFearofbeingobserveddoingsomethinghumiliatingaselffulfillingprophecyFearofseveraltypesofobjectsorsituationAnxietyDisordersSpecificphobiasobsessivecompulsivedisorderobsessivecompulsivethoughts,images,orimpulsesthatrecurorpersistdespiteaperson’seffortstosuppressthemAnxietyDisordersrepetitive,purposefulactsperformedaccordingtocertainrulesorinaritualizedmannerinresponsetoanobsessionObsessivecompulsivedisorderPosttraumaticstressdisorderThepersistentreexperienceoftraumaticeventsthroughdistressingrecollections,dreams,hallucinations,orflashbacksthevictimofthetraumawitnessothersbeingvictimizedAnxietyDisordersCausesofanxietydisordersBiologicalPsychodynamicBehavioralcognitiveAnxietyDisordersBiologicalPreparednesshypothesisDrugsImagingtechniquesFamilyandtwinstudiesPsychodynamicThesymptomsofanxietydisorderscomefromunderlyingpsychicconflictsorfearsBehavioralFocus:thewaysymptomsofanxietydisordersarereinforcedorconditionedCognitiveFocus:theperceptualprocessesorattitudesthatdistortaperson’sestimateofthedangerthatheorsheisfacingAnxietysensitivityCausesofanxietydisordersMoodDisordersMoodDisordersMajordepressivedisorderBipolardisorderCausesofmooddisorderGenderdifferencesindepressionSuicideMoodDisordersAmooddisorderisanemotionaldisturbanceMoodDisordersseveritydurationMajordepressivedisorderBipolardisorderischaracterizedbyperiodsofseveredepressionalternatingwithmanicepisodesBipolarDisordermaniadepressiondealwiththedamageandpredicamentstheycreatedduringtheperiodoffrenzyactandfeelelatedandexpansiveaninflatedsenseofselfesteemorunrealisticbeliefsleeplessnessBiologicalPsychodynamicBehavioralcognitiveCausesofmooddisordersWhatfactorsareinvolvedinthedevelopmentofmooddisordersBiologicalDrugsImagingtechniquesGeneticfactorsidenticaltwinfraternaltwinPsychodynamicUnconsciousconflictsandhostilefeelingsthatoriginateinearlychildhoodplaykeyrolesinthedevelopmentofdepressionBehavioralFocus:theeffectsoftheamountofreinforcementandpunishmentsapersonreceivesCognitiveTwotheoriesnegativecognitivesetsexplanatorystylemodelCausesofmooddisordersAaronBeck“sets”patternsofperceivingtheworldthreetypesofnegativecognitionsnegativeviewsofthemselvesnegativeviewsofongoingexperiencesnegativeviewsofthefuturesnegativecognitivesetscognitivetriadofdepressionMartinSeligmanthreetypesofdeficitsmotivationaldeficitsemotionaldeficitscognitivedeficitsTheyhaveanexpectancythatnothingtheycandomattersHowindividualsexplaintheirlifeeventsexplanatorystylemodellearnedhelplessnessinternalexternalglobalspecificstableunstableGenderdifferencesindepressionWomenexperiencemorenegativeeventsandlifestressorsthanmandoTheresponsestylesofmenandwomenoncetheyexperiencenegativemoodsaredifferentWhywomenareafflictedtwiceasoftenasmenGenderdifferencesindepressionThegenderdifferencesindepressionwillendureaslongasgenderdifferencesinlifeexperiencesendure我看到了F以恩爱著称的阿呆夫妇正在互殴wwwthemegallerycom所有刚才被我看见的人现在都在看我…Suicidestudies,individualsagestoSuicideSuicideThetalkofsuicideshouldalwaysbetakenseriouslyBeingsensitivetosignsofsuicideintentionsandcaringenoughtointerveneareessentialSuicideDecidingwhatisabnormalTheproblemofobjectivityClassifyingpsychologicaldisordersTheetiologyofpsychopathologyTheNatureofPsychologicalDisordersGeneralizedanxietydisorderPanicdisorderPhobiasObsessivecompulsivedisorderPosttraumaticstressdisorderCausesofanxietydisordersAnxietyDisordersMajordepressivedisorderBipolardisorderCausesofmooddisorderGenderdifferencesindepressionSuicideMoodDisordersReview少女初体验(ProzacNation)抑郁症及抗抑郁剂治疗(Prozac:百忧解)伴我情深(MrJones)双相情感障碍闻香识女人(ScentofaWoman)自杀及自杀干预

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/52

心理障碍2

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利