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首页 非谓语讲解.ppt

非谓语讲解.ppt

非谓语讲解.ppt

上传者: 梅若初雪 2012-10-16 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《非谓语讲解ppt》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含donetododoing非谓语动词表示目的、(原因、结果、)将来被动完成主动进行非谓语动词功能比较我们知道一个句子的组成由主、谓、宾、定、状、补。符等。

donetododoing非谓语动词表示目的、(原因、结果、)将来被动完成主动进行非谓语动词功能比较我们知道一个句子的组成由主、谓、宾、定、状、补。今天我们所学的非谓语就是在句子当中充当除谓语以外的各个句子成分。另:done不能充当主语和宾语。所有非谓语的否定形式都是在其前面加notnever非谓语动词的变化和动词一样都有时态和语态的变化。动词不定式有下列时态和语态的形式变化。主动:todotohavedonetobedoingtohavebeendoing被  动tobedonetohavebeendonedoing的变化:主动:doinghavingdone被动:beingdonehavingbeendonelateinthemorning,BobturnedoffthealarmTosleepBSleepingCSleepDHavingslept春季高考第题Bestchoicealetterfromherparents,LilyisnowlookingforwardtofromthemHavingnotreceivedhearBNotreceivedhearCNothavingreceivedhearingDReceivingnothearingVphrasesing:appreciateavoidcan’thelpconsiderenjoyescapefinishgiveupimagineinsistonkeep(on)mindmiss…devoteoneselftopayattentiontobeusedtogetdownto….不定式和动名词作主语的区别()动名词作主语通常表示抽象动作而不定式作主语表示具体动作。 Smokingisprohibited(禁止)here.这里禁止抽烟。(抽象)   Itisnotverygoodforyoutosmokesomuch.你抽这么多烟对你身体很     不好。(具体)如果主语是不定式表语也是不定式(均衡)。ToseeistobelieveSeeingisbelieving百闻不如一见。Toworkmeanstoearnaliving.工作就是为了生活。()有些动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的差别)forgettodo忘记要去做某事(此事未做) forgetdoing忘记做过某事(此事已做过或已发生))stoptodo停止、中断(某件事)目的是去做另一件事 stopdoing停止正在或经常做的事)remembertodo记住去做某事(未做) rememberdoing记得做过某事(已做))regrettodo对要做的事遗憾 regretdoing对做过的事遗憾、后悔)trytodo努力、企图做某事 trydoing试验、试一试某种办法)meantodo打算有意要… meandoing意味着)goontodo继而(去做另外一件事情) goondoing继续(原先没有做完的事情))proposetodo打算(要做某事) proposedoing建议(做某事))shouldwouldliketodo想要做某事  Ishouldliketoseehimtomorrow.shouldwouldliketohavedone想要做某事但没做成Iwouldliketohavevisitedyoulastnight,butafriendcametoseeme)feellike名词doing Ifeellikeanewbornbaby.我感觉像一个新生的婴儿。Doyoufeellikegoingtoamovie你想看电影吗Idon'tfeellikestudyingtonight.今晚我不想读书。  )need,want,requiredoingtobedone表被动意义YourcoatneedswashingtobewashedTheroofofthehouserequiresrepairingtoberepaired)被修饰的名词前有序数词thefirst,second,last,only只能用不定式。Heisthefirstonetocomeandthelasttoleave)不带to的不定式)在表示生理感觉的动词后的不定式不带to。这类词有:一感二听三让四看半帮助。feellistento,hearhave,let,makesee,watch,notice,observe,lookathelp上述感觉动词与使役动词转换为被动结构时.其后的不定式一般需带to如:Hewasseentocome.Theboywasmadetogotobedearly 有关动词不定式句型下面这些词组是不定式的习惯用法只能用不定式形式。cannothelpbutdo, cannotbutdo, cannotchoosebutdo, candonothingbutdo, havenochoicealternativebuttodoWhenIconsiderhowtalentedheisasapainter,Icannothelpbutbelievethatthepublicwillappreciatehisgift 非谓语动词练习 ZhouLandoesn'thavetobemadeShealwaysworkshard   Alearn  Btolearn    Clearning  Dlearned forseveraltimes,wedecidednottodoitagainAHavingscolded   BHavingbeenscoldedCShehasbeenscolded DSinceshewasscolded Hearingthebadnews,   Atearscamedownherface    Bshecan'thelpcrying   Ceverythingseemedtobeinbadorder Dtheyoungladywasupset Theboywascaughtthingsfromashoplastnight   Asteal    Btosteal    Cstole  Dstealing Thelookonhisfacesuggestedthathewas   Asurprisedsurprised    Bsurprisingsurprising   Csurprisedsurprising  Dsurprisingsurprised Thisnovelissaidlastyear   Atohavebeenpublished     Btobepublished   Ctohavepublished      Dhavingbeenpublished Ihaveneverthoughtofabroadwithus   Ayoutogo Byouwillgo  Cforyoutogo  Dyougoing Itwasverycleverintheyounglady'sroomAforHolmestostay   BHolmes'stayingCofHolmestostay      DofHolmes'staying Theyspentthenightintheroom   Ahavinglocked Blocking  Ctobelocked  Dlocked YoulookthatlightheartedNothingseemstoyouAtohappen    Btohavebeenhappened    Ctohavehappened  Dtobehappened Thissongissungbymanypeople,itverypopular   Amaking    Bmakes    Cmade  Dtomake Inmanycountries,schoolteachersgetbytheyear   Apaid    Bpaying    Ctopay  Dpay Ihavehadthecomputerbecausemyfatherhadmeit   Arepairdone Brepaireddo Crepairingdo Drepaireddone Revolutionmeanstheproductiveforces   Aliberate  Bliberating    Cliberated  Dtoliberate IthappenedwhenIleftthestation,soIhadtowaituntiltherainstopped   Atoberaining Btohaverained  Ctorain  Draining Ifyouhaveafever,you'dbetterdrinkmorewater   Aboiling    Bboil    Cboiled  Dtoboil Hecoulddonothingbutforthebus   Awaittocome Bwaitcome Cwaitingcoming Dwaitedcame itrains,wewillstayathome   ASupposed BSupposing  CTosuppose  DIfsuppose Nobodylikesto   Alaughat Bmakefunof Cbelaughed  Dbemadefunof HeadvisedbutIdidn'tlistentohim   Amegoing  Bmygoing  Cformetogo  Dmetogo Ihavealotofletters   Adealwith  Btodeal  Ctobedealt  Dtodealwith Idon'tthinkthisroomcomfortable   Atolive   Btolivein    Ctobelived  Dlivingin Heisbelievedthecollegeexam,forheisnowstudyingveryhard   Atopass Btohavepassed  Cpass  Dthathecanpass Haveyougotusedupearly   Atoget   Btogetting    Ctobegetting  Dgetting intheforest,hehadtoaskforhelpbysendingoutsignals   AHavinglost    BLosing  CLost  DHewaslost Iregretyouradvice,orIwouldhavesucceeded   Anottotake  Bnottake  Cnottaking  Dnottaken AllthechildrenneedSotheyallhavetherightofgoingtoschool   Atoteach  Bbeingtaught  Ctaught  Dteaching AllthatisworthshouldbewellAdoingdone  Bbeingdonedone  Cdoingdoing  Dbeingdonedoing WhenIpassedby,hepretendedanddidn'tevenraisehiseyes   Atoread  Btobereading  Ctohaveread  Dreading ,theywenthome,   ATheirworkhadbeenfinishedsingingandlaughing   BTheyhadfinishedtheirworksangandlaughed   CTheirworkfinishedsingingandlaughing   DAftertheirworkfinishedsingingandlaughing ThestudioswhichDisneystartedarestillbusytodaymoreandmoreinterestingfilms   Atoproduce  Bproduced  Cproduce  Dproducing Theyoungmanwaspraisedforalittleboy   Ahavesaved Bhehassaved Chavingsaved  Dsaving Howabouttwoofusthemeeting   Atoattend  Battend  Cattending  Dtobeattending Ididn'trememberhimbefore,soIdidn'taddresshimwhenhecame   Atomeet  Bhavingmet  Chavemet  Dtohavingmet Thebuildingnowwillbeourschoollibrary   Abuilt  Btobebuilt  Cisbeingbuilt  Dbeingbuilt "Lastnight,youforgetoffthelightswhenyoulefttheroom"   "ReallyIrememberthemoff"Atoturntoturn  Btoturnturning  Cturningturning  Dturningtoturn IfyouwanttoimproveyourEnglish,youmusttryEnglisheveryday   Aspokentopractisespeaking  Bspokenpractisingspeaking   Cspeakingtopractisetospeak  Dspokentopractisetospeak TheGoldenGate  Bridge,severalhundredyearsago,isworldwidefamous   Awhichisbuilt  Bwhichbuilt  Chavingbuilt  Dbuilt Theyoungdeerwasluckytomiss   Acatching  Btobecaught  Cbeingcaught  Dtocatch "Willyouhaveanybodytheflowers"   "Yes,Iwillhavetheflowers"Aplantplanted  Btoplantplanted  Cplanttobeplanted  Dtoplantplant Hewentthereinahurryonlythateverybodyhadleft   Afinding  Btofind  Chavingfound  Dtohavefound MrandMrsSmithwerekilledinanaccident,theirchildasanorphan   Aleaving  Btoleave  Chavingleft  Dtohaveleft HecametothestationthefirsttrainArunning,catching  Btoruntocatch  Crantocatch  Drunningtocatch Jacksonlikes,buthedoesn'tliketodayAtofishtofish  Bfishingfishing  Ctofishfishing  Dfishingtofish Isawthemanonabusandgoaway   Atoget  Bget  Cwasgetting  Dgetting Withyouby,Ican'tsayanymore   Astood  Bstand  Ctostand  Dstanding ,thecitylooksbeautiful   ASeeingfromthehill  BSeenfromthehill   CToseefromthehill  DTobeseenfromthehill ThatdayIsawsomevillagersatthebackoftheclassroom,totheheadmasterAseatinglistening  Bseatedlistening  Csittinglistening  Dsatlistening Whomwillyouwithyou   Ahavetogo  Bhavinggoing  Chavegone  Dhavego Thegirlwroteacompositionwithout   Aask  Basking  Cbeingasked  Dtobeasked Hefinishedhishomeworkandthenwentonme   Ahelping  Bwithhelp  Cwithhelping  Dtohelp wheretogo,heaskedapolicemanA   Havinglosthiswayandnotknowing  B   BLosinghiswayanddidn'tknowC   Havinglosthiswayanddidn'tknow  D   Losthiswayanddidn'tknow herfriendwasbadlyhurt,sheburstintotears   AHearing  BHavingheard  CTohear  DHeard histeamhadwon,hisfacelitupatonce   AKnowing BWhenknowing CAfterknowing Dwhenheknew overandoveragain,buthestillcouldn'tunderstand   AHavingexplained  BHavingbeenexplained   CExplaining     DIthadbeenexplained nobuses,hehadtowalkhome   ATherewas  BThereis  CTherebeing  DBeing SeveralChinesepeoplewerekilledinthebomb,threejournalists   Abeincluded Bincluding Cincluded Dhavebeenincluded Icanhardlyimaginesuchadisabledboysogreatathing   Ado  Btodo  Cdoing  Dtohavedone ThesurfaceofthelakeiswithleavesAcoveredfallen  Bcoveredfalling  Ccoveringfallen  Dcoveringfalling Whathavewesaidyousounhappy   Amake  Bmade  Ctomake  Dmakes下面短语中的to是介词后面只能跟名词或动名词:devoteoneselfone’stime,energy,etcto(投入……)getdownto(着手干……)leadto(通向导致)objectto(反对)payattentionto(注意)lookforwardto(盼望)beusedto(习惯于)stickto(坚持)等。下列动词后只能跟不定式:afford,agree,ask,attempt,choose,decide,hope,expect,intend,learn,long,manage,offer,plan,pretend,promise,refuse,want,wish等。下列动词或动词短语的后面只能跟动名词:admit(承认)appreciate,avoid,can’thelp(禁不住)stand(忍受)consider(考虑打算)enjoy,escape(躲避)excuse,finish,giveup,imagine,insiston,mind,miss(错过),practise,putoff,risk,setabout,suggest(建议)等。独立成分有些非谓语动词的使用不受与句子主语关系的限制称为独立成分这类成分只记忆即可。如:generallyspeaking,judgingfrom,totellthetruth,等。ingform的复合结构形容词性物主代词名词所有格ingform代词宾格名词ingform主语表语宾语宾语DoyoumindopeningthedoorGoingtheresavedusagooddealoftroubleBeinglateagainmadetheteacherangryDoyoumindmemyopening…Tom’sgoingtheresavedusagood…Hisbeinglateagainmade…说出ingform动作的执行者时须用复合结构不定式B该题考查疑问不定式在句中做宾语的用法。英语中有一些动词后可以跟一个疑问词的不定式做宾语如:tell,discuss,know,show,learn,decide,wonder,explain…B不定式因为主语是thepurpose在(purpose,wish,promise,plan)后常跟不定式古表语要用不定式to不能省略因此构成thepurposeisto…notto…do句型故选B。D不定式常和不定式完成式连用的动词还有:Wouldlove,meant,hoped,planned,expected,promised,wish等例如:Imeanttohavetelephonedyou,butIforgotA该题考查动词不定式做宾语的用法。Wouldlove(like)to是固定搭配因此B、C、不合题意。Wouldlove不定式一般式表示“想希望”而接不定式完成式则表示“原本希望而未曾实现”的意思。不定式C该题考查不定式的否定式作主补。要注意warn后跟词方式warnsbnottodosthwarnsbagainstdoingsth该题应该用结构。两外not应放在to之前。在大多数的动词可接不定式短语做宾补只有少数动词(五个看see,watch,notice,observe,lookat三使役make,let,have二听listento,hear等)须接不带to的不定式做宾补。过去分词作状语C该题考查过去分词作状语的用法。动词ing或过去分词作状语其逻辑主语应是主语。“陷入深思”有两种表达法ALoseoneselfinthoughtBbelostinthought,按句子提供的语境可用结构B过去分词作定语A过去分词做定语与其修饰词之间是动宾关系且过去分词表示的动作以完成。现在分词作定语表示动作正在发生与修饰词是主谓关系。不定式作定语表示将要发生的动作。所以A是正确的。FirstplayedinBC=whichwasfirstplayedinBC过去分词作表语C该题考查分词作表语的用法。“topaysbbythehour”计时给某人报酬。此题被动结构作表语。类似的有:getburnt,gethurt,getwounded过去分词作补语该题考查过去分词作宾语补足语的用法。Theplan与carryout的关系是被动关系。Seesthdone这结构常见的还有watch(notice,observe,have和make)sthdoneCing形式ing形式主要考查其在句子中作定语和状语的用法AMakingitthepopularsportintheworld为现在分词短语作结果状语这类分词短语常放在句子的后面,ing表示顺其自然不定式表示突然出乎意料。如:Hisparentsdied,leavinghimanorphanHerushedtothepostofficeonlytofinditwasclosedThespeakerraisedhisvoicebutstillcouldn’tmakehimself(NMET)AhearBtohearChearingDheardOnafternoon,MrsGreenwenttothemarket,somebananasandvisitedhercousin(NMET)AboughtBbuyingCtobuyDwritingIusuallygotherebytrainWhynotbyboatforachange(NMET)AtotrygoingBtryingtogoCtotryandgoDtrygoingareply,hedecidedtowriteagain(MET)ANotreceivingBReceivingnotCNothavingreceivedDHavingnotreceivedHowaboutthetwoofusawalkdownthegarden(MET)AtotakeBtakeCtakingDtobetakingdowntheradiothebaby’sasleepinthenextroom(MET)ATurningBToturnCTurnedDTurnCharlesBabbageisgenerallyconsideredthefirstcomputer(MET)AtoinventBinventingCtohaveinventedDhavinginvented  ImustapologizeforaheadoftimeThat’sallright(MET)AlettingyounotknowBnotlettingyouknowClettingyouknownotDlettingnotyouknowRatherthanonacrowdedbus,healwaysprefersabicycle(NMET)AriderideBridingrideCridetorideDtorideridingThemissingboyswerelastseenneartheriver(NMET)AplayingBtobeplayingCplayDtoplayThefirsttextbooksforteachingEnglishasaforeignlanguagecameoutinthethcentury(NMET)AhavingwrittenBtobewrittenCbeingwrittenDwrittenYouwerebraveenoughtoraiseobjectionsatthemeetingWell,nowIregretthat(NMET)AtodobtobedoingCtohavedoneDhavingdoneTheboywantedtoridehisbicycleinthestreet,buthismothertoldhim(NMET)AnottoBnottodoCnotdoitDdonottoWhatdoyouthinkmadeMarysoupsethernewbicycle(上海)AAsshelostBLostCLosingDBecauseoflosingShecan’thelpthehousebecauseshe’sbusymakingacake(上海)AtocleanBcleaningCcleanedDbeingcleanedShelooksforwardeveryspringtotheflowerlinedgarden  (上海)AvisitBpayingavisitCwalkinDwalkinginWhileshopping,peoplesometimecan’thelpintobuyingsomethingtheydon’treallyneed(上海)AtopursueBpersuadingCbeingpersuadedDbepersuadedThepurposeofnewtechnologiesistomakelifeeasier,itmoredifficult(NMET)AnotmakeBnottomakeCnotmakingDdonotmakeAcomputerdoesonlywhatthinkingpeople(上海)AhaveitdoBhaveitdoneChavedoneitDhavingitdoneWhenIgotbackhomeIsawamessagepinnedtothedoor“Sorrytomissyouwillcalllater”(NMET)AreadBreadsCtoreadDreadingMrsSmithwarnedherhusbandafterdrinkingagainandagainAnevertodriveBtoneverdriveCneverdrivingDneverriveTomasteraforeignlanguage,AalotofpracticeisneededBitneedsalotofpracticeCpracticeisinneedofDoneneedsalotofpracticeThelibraryneeds,butit’llhavetowaituntilSundayAcleaningBbecleanedCcleanDbeingcleanedOurfatheroftentoldusinthepastthatisbelievingAtoseeBseeingCseeDtobeseenHegaveussomeadviceonhowEnglishAlearningBlearnedCtolearnDlearnIt’sapaydayandtheyarewaitingApayBpayingCpaidDtobepaidAlettermaybetooslowWhynotatelegramAtrysendingBtrytosendCtotrysendingDtryingtosend巩固练习CDABADAisagoodofexerciseforboththeyoungandtheoldAThewalkBWalkingCTowalkDWalkWhenandwheretobuildthenewpowerstationyetAisnotdecidedBarenotdecidedChasnotdecidedDhavenotdecidedIsnecessarytochangetrainsatBeijingAthisBthatCitDheOurfatheroftentoldusinthepastthatisbelievingAtoseeBseeingCseeDtobeseenShepretendedtheletterIwrotethedaybeforeyesterdayAnottoreceiveBnotreceivingCnottohearfromDhavingnotreceivedIcan’timaginethatwithsuchafamousauthorAworkBtoworkCtobeworkingDworkingNoninfinitiveShereachedthetopofthehillandstoppedonabigrockbythesideofthepathAtohaverestedBrestingCtorestDrestDoyouconsideranygoodattemptingmanyscientificexperimentsAthereBitCthisDthatI’mthirstyWouldyoupleasegivemesomethingAdrunkBtodrinkCtobedrunkDfordrinkingTherewasaterriblenoisethesuddenburstoflightAfollowedBfollowingCtobefollowedDbeingfollowed.MrsSmithwarnedherhusbandafterdrinkingagainandagainAnevertodriveBtoneverdriveCneverdrivingDneverriveTheyknewherverywellTheyhadseenherupfromchildhoodAgrowBgrewCwasgrowingDtogrowBelieveitornot,hewasseenupstairsjustnowAtogoBtogoingChavinggoneDgoItwassocoldthattheykeptthefireallnightAtoburnBburnCburningDburnedThemurdererwasbroughtin,withhishandsbehindhisbackAbeingtiedBhavingtiedCtobetiedDtiedTomasteraforeignlanguage,AalotofpracticeisneededBitneedsalotofpracticeCpracticeisinneedofD

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