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首页 重庆大学考研试题

重庆大学考研试题.doc

重庆大学考研试题

爱wo的人和我爱de人
2019-06-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《重庆大学考研试题doc》,可适用于综合领域

重庆大学外国语学院研究生考试试题(语言学概论)(第一、二部分试题做在试题册上,第二部分写在空白答题纸上。)PartI:BasicConcepts()BrieflydefinethefollowingtermsinEnglishmorphologydiphthoncompoundsentencedeepstructureellipsissemanticsfreevariationcooperativeprinciplesprefixhyponymyPartII:LanguageAnalysis()GivethephoneticsymbolforeachofthefollowingsoundstogetherwithanillustrationoftheuseofthesoundinanEnglishwordYouarerequiredtogivenolessthanthreewordsfortheillustrationofeachsymbol)voicelessbilabialstop:)highbacktenseroundedvowel:)voicedretroflex:)voicelessinterdentalfricative:)highfronttenseunroundedvowel:Indicatethepositionofmainstressineachofthefollowingwordsbywritinganaccentmark()overtheappropriatevowelsymbolorsymbolsapplebaboonbehestdecentdescentexecutiveindiscriminatemassageyesterdayzoologicalsagacityneurologistfacetiouscaressWashingtonianEachofthefollowingcompoundsismadeupoftwopartsHowdothepartsrelatetoeachotherTwoexamplesaregivenbelow:egfleabite(abitefromaflea)bridcage(acageforbird)bedsidemailboxhardwoodpaintbrushpasswordwindowpaneoutlawnightfallrainbowsunshineTherearetensentencesbelow,partofthesentenceisunderlined,readtheunderlinedpartcarefullyandidentifyitsconstructiontypeandwritetheterm(Modification,Predication,ComplementationandSubordination)intheblankOneexampleisgiven:Example:Johnrunsslowly(Modification)Marystoodattheback()Maryisanurse()Marysings(Theoldmanlikestocomehereeveryday()Iwanttogo(PeterkissedMary(Shecriedwhenshefelldown(JacksingsbutMarydances(Iknowwheresheis()Johnisclever()Choosefromfivediagrams,theonethatillustratetherelationshipamongthreegivenclassesbetterthananyotherdiagramofferedOneexampleisgivenbelow:A)C)D)E)eganimal,vegetable,tiger(C)bachelors,men,tennisplayer()sparrows,birds,cats()people,scientists,Chinese(whitehaired,doctor,woman()furniture,bed,chair()baseballfans,artists,painters(frogs,mosquitoes,insects(varsityathletes,seniors,membersofstudenthonorsociety()octopi,porpoises,thingsliveinthesea()wood,stone,pine(ExplainthemeaningoftheunderlinedwordsinthefollowingsentencesOneexampleisgivenbelow:egThejudgegaveorderstoclearthecourt(orderthemembersofthepublictoleave)HedidnotknowhowtodrawachequeItfallstoyoutoreorganizethefootballteamThebillhastwentydaystorunColorsruninwashingWheredoestherivertakeitsriseHewhocannottakeajokeshouldnotmakeoneThecompanycleared$,onitscottonexportslastseasonTheflapoftheenvelopehascomeunstuckTheygavetheirenemyagoodbeatingWhereisthiscarpettogoState,bywritinga,b,c,d,etcwheretheprepositionunderlinedindicatesaPositionbDestinationcPassagedOrientationeResultativestatefPervasive(static)stategPervasivemotionThemonkeysdisappearedthroughthewindow(Iwentintothebathroomtogetadrinkofwater(IlookedinthemirrorandthoughtIhadamonkey’sface(Amonkeywassittingontheedgeofthebath(Itwassqueezingtoothpastealloveritschest(Irushedoutofthehouse,shoutingforhelp(Outofthehouse,Ifeltcalmer(Isentforthemonkeycatcher,wholivedacrosstheriver(Weranbehindthehouseandwatched(Paperlayscatteredalloverthefloor(Indicatebya,b,c,whethertheobjectunderlinedinthefollowingsentencesis:aaffectedbeffectedclocativeHasanyonetouchedthetelevisiontoday(Whoismakingallthatnoise(WearejustpassingtheEiffelTower(Takethedeepbreath(Somebodytookmycoatbymistake(Iclimbedthehillaslightfellshort(Agasleakcancauseaseriousexplosion(Wehavefoughtagoodfight–andlost(Haveyoudroppedyourhandkerchief,mydear(AfterthatIpaidheravisiteveryevening(GiveatleastthreeverbstoillustrateeachofthefollowingtypesofspeechactsOneexampleisgivenforeachtypeAssertives:assert,Declarations:declare,Directives:invite,Commissives:commit,Expressives:apologize,PartIII:DetailedDiscussion()TherearegiventopicsbelowYoumaychooseanythreeofthemtogivedetaileddiscussion(writeyouranswerontheblankpaper)WhatiscommunicativecompetenceWhatisindirectspeechactUseyourownexperienceinlearningEnglishtoshowcultureisveryimportantinlanguagelearningCanyougiveexamplestoillustratethephenomenaoftheinterlanguageinlearningaforeignlanguage

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