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首页 财经财税毕业论文 (1)(Financial and taxation thes…

财经财税毕业论文 (1)(Financial and taxation thesis (1)).doc

财经财税毕业论文 (1)(Financial …

李贤思
2018-12-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《财经财税毕业论文 (1)(Financial and taxation thesis (1))doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

财经财税毕业论文()(Financialandtaxationthesis())财经财税毕业论文()(Financialandtaxationthesis())Taxgraduationthesismoredocumentsource:(writtenaspassChineseknowledgewriting)Abstract:enteringacceleratetheurbanizationoftheperiod,theurbanizationlevelcanprovideaninexhaustiblemotiveforceforsustainablegrowthInessence,urbanizationisaprocessofpopulationconcentrationandindustrialagglomerationInordertorealizethefunctionsofthetowns,thefinancialdistributionactivities,especiallythelocalfinancialarrangements,areparticularlyimportant,andthelocalfiscalfunctionswillbedirectlytotheprocessandlevelofurbanizationThispapermainlystudiestheprocessofurbanizationfromtheangleofeconomics,examinesthedemandofurbanizationforlocalfinanceandtheinfluenceoflocalfinanceonurbanizationKeywords:urbanizationlocalfinanceurbanfinancesmalltownfinanceTheessenceofurbanizationistheprocessofpopulationgatheringtocitiesandtownsandtheoptimalallocationofproductionfactorsinspaceHowever,duetothelongtermseparationofurbanandruralareasinChina,thegrowthofurbanpopulationhasbeenseriouslyrestrictedandthelevelofurbanizationhaslaggedbehindthelevelofurbanizationforalongtimeOntheotherhand,Chinahasimplementedacombinedcityinthelastcenturyatthebeginningofs,theurbanandruralgovernance,todrivetothecitytopromotetheformationofthistown,township,ismanmade,ratherthantheresultofeconomicoperation,moreistheadministrativecenteroftownUrbanizationinChina'soverallatalowlevel,inthepercapitaGDPreached$,andtheurbanizationlevelis,percentagepointslowerthantheworldaverage,nearlypercentagepointslowerthanthesamelevelofindustrializationofthecountryNowanotherfeatureofChina'surbanizationislargeandmediumsizedcity,smalltowninnumerableanditsdevelopmentlevelisnothigh,thefunctionisnotcomplete,thelayoutisnotreasonableAtthisstagethewidespreadconstructionofthepurposeandmissionofsmalltownsfocusonabsorptionofahugenumberofsurplusrurallabors,andthroughindustrialagglomeration,createafavorableenvironmentforthedevelopmentofnonagriculturalindustryjustseparatedfromtheagricultureLargeandmediumsizedcitiescanenhanceallkindsoffunctionsofcitiesandimproveeconomicbenefitsmoreeffectivelythansmalltownsButbecauseofallkindsofcitiesandtownsinChinaisdevelopedbasedondifferenteconomicconditions,eachindifferentlevelsofdevelopment,cannotgobeyondtheobjectiveconditions,theestablishmentofahigherlevelofthecityalsodecidedChinaurbanizationmustexistatthesametimehighefficiency,highfunction,mediumcityandcityinfrastructureisrelativelysimpleandsmalltownsMayprovidedifferentlevelsoflocalfinancefordifferentlevelsofurbandevelopment,toachievethecity,urbanfunctions,meettheneedsofurbanizationlevel,localfinanceespeciallythecityfinance,smalltownfinancemustplayitsdueroleHowever,theimprovementofthelevelofurbanizationhasopenedupnewsourcesofFinanceforlocalfinanceTheprocessofurbanizationanditscharacteristicsandthelocalfiscalfunctionanditsoperationdeterminethespecialprocessoftheirinteractionFirst,theeconomicanalysisoftheprocessofUrbanizationThetownisinacertainspace,becauseoftheindustry,population,twoorthreeresidentsmainlyengagedinindustrialactivities,andenjoythecityregionalcomplexofthemodernlifestyle,itservesasaregionalcenter,gatheredinacertaingeographicalareaofmaterial,capitalandtechnology,isthecenterofhumaneconomicactivityTheessenceofurbanizationisthattheprocessofruralpopulationgatheringtocitiesandtownsandtheoptimalallocationofproductionfactorsinspace,istheinevitableresultofsocialandeconomicdevelopmentThephenomenonofurbanizationisreflectedinallaspectsofsocialproductionandlifeItisadynamicprocessofdevelopmentanddiffusion,notastaticresultItcanbeseenastheresultoftheinteractionoftwoforces,namely,gatheringpoweranddispersingforcesIntheprocessofurbanization,allindividualsandfacedwithadilemma,theymustgathertogethertobenefitfromtheagglomerationeconomy,butthecostofcongestionalsolimitstheconvergenceofmanyindividualsandmanufacturersAccordingtothetwodepartmentsofLewis,inthebackwardtraditionalagriculturalsectoranddevelopedmodernindustrialsector,ruralareasduetolimitedlandarea,lackofcapitalinvestment,thecontinuousgrowthofpopulation,theexistenceofalargenumberofruralsurpluslabor,theyhaveahigherlevelofrealwagestotheindustrialsectorflowmotivationHarrisLuoZebelievesthataslongastheTodabetweentwodepartmentsaslongastheexistenceofexpectedincomegap,populationflowwilloccurWecanfurtherarguethattheincomegapbetweenurbanandruralareasisoneaspect,andtheotheristhecostofmovingfromruraltourbanareasMt=f(WuWrkd)Thenumberofimmigrantstothecityinruralareasatthetime,fresponsefunction,WucityWrforruralincomewages,wageincome,urbanandruraldistancebetweenD,Konbehalfofthetransportationcostcoefficientbetweenurbanandruralareas,onlywhentheexpectedincomegrowthisgreaterthanthecostofthemigrationofpopulationflowwilloccurTheflowwillstopwhenWuWrkd=WecanalsothinkthatUisafunctionofthelevelofurbanizationlevelandurbanandruralnonagriculturaleconomyIeconomicfactorstransferlevelofM,U=f(I,M),andthen,thedifferential,theurbanizationlevelistheUlevelofIandthenonfarmeconomyofurbanandruraleconomicfactortransferlevelMmonotoneincreasingfunctionTheregionaldistributionpatternoflocalpublicgoodssupplytype,thelevelandthelevelofurbanresidentsandguidethevariouseconomicagents,localpublicgoodscanalsoaffectthetownthroughtheurbanagglomerationeffectinfluencethelevelofnonagriculturalizationTherefore,canthinkofnonagriculturaleconomylevelIandlevelMtransferofurbanandruraleconomicfactorsaffectedbythelocalfinancialoperation,whichisafunctionofthelocalfinancialoperationofF,namelyI=(F,M)=PhiPhi(F),andthelocalfinancialoperationFofIandMcanreflecttheeffectofpromotingeffect,alsocanbereflectedintheblockThelevelofurbanizationcanbeexpressedasU=f(F),PhiPhi(F),andlocalfinancebyaffectingthelevelofconversionofIandMelementsofurbanandruraltransferlevel,canhaveaneffectonthelevelofurbanizationforUanddifferentdevelopmentmodes:when>and>,thelocalfinancialarrangementsconducivetononeconomicagricultureandruraleconomyelementstransfer,urbanizationdevelopmentis"synchronousurbanization"when<and>,thelocalfinanceisnotconducivetothenonagriculturaleconomy,butisconducivetothetransferofurbanandruraleconomicfactors,urbanizationdevelopmentofa"falseurbanization"when>and<,ieThelocalfinanceisadvantageoustotheeconomynonagriculture,butisnotadvantageoustotheurbanandruraleconomicessentialfactortransfermovement,theurbanizationdevelopmentpresentsas"thelagurbanization"patternThisshowsthattheoperationoflocalfinanceanditsfunctionsplayaveryimportantroleinimprovingthelevelofurbanizationandpromotingthehealthydevelopmentofitTwo,thedrivingmechanismofurbanizationeconomyCitiesandtownshavegatheredmaterials,fundsandtechnologieswithinacertaingeographicalarea,whichhavealargenumberofemploymentopportunities,higheconomicincome,favorableeconomicenvironmentandrichmaterialandculturallivingconditionsAfterthedevelopmentofcitiesandtowns,theallocationofresourcesandtheradiationcapacityofthesurroundingareasarenotthesameAgglomerationeffectmakestheurbanizationhaveanendlessflowofpower,andtheradiationeffectpromotesthedevelopmentofruraleconomybypromotingthedevelopmentofruraleconomy,agglomerationeffectTheagglomerationeffectofthecitygenerallyreferstotherelativeconcentrationofeconomicactivitiesinspace,whichmakeseconomicactivitiesmorecostsaving,higherefficiencyandmorebenefitAgglomerationeffectismainlyreflectedintheexpansionofpopulationscale,theexpansionandconcentrationofproductionandcirculation,thedevelopmentandpromotionofscientificresearch,andtheformationofnewideasAmongthem,thequantitativeaccumulationofpopulationmakesurbandevelopmentchangequalitatively,andthechangesofitandproductionandcirculationdeterminethedevelopmentandchangeoftheappearanceofthecityTheagglomerationeffectofcitiesandtownsmainlyliesinthefollowingaspects:()externalityOutsideoftheurbaneconomyisanimportantmechanismbetweeneconomicfactorsandeconomicactivitiesinthetownandthestructuralgeneration,butitwillalsoleadtoreducethecorrelationofeconomicfactors,cityactivities,repeleachotherandspatialdispersionofdiscreteforceorrepulsiveforce,restrictingtheexpansionofurbanagglomerationandscalefactorTheexternalitiesoftheurbaneconomyprovidespaceforlocalfinancialactivities,mainlyforthecorrectionofnegativeexternalitiesandsubsidiesforpositiveexternalities()urbanizationeconomyandscaleeconomyThedevelopmentofurbanizationmakesthecityitselfhavethespecialmanufactureofquasipublicproductsThelocalfinanceprovidestheroad,publicutilitiesandinformationfacilitiesandequipmentfortheenterprisesandresidentsEconomiesofscalemakeurbanindustrialsectorsbenefitfromthedecreaseinlongtermaveragecostbroughtaboutbytheenlargementofoutputscale,andalsoshowtheexpansionofthescaleofurbanpublicgoodsprovidedbyenterprisesandresidentsHowever,withtheimprovementofthelevelofurbanization,alargenumberofpeoplearealsopouringintothecitiesandtownsThismakestheaveragecostofurbanpublicgoodssupplydecreased,whileontheotherhand,itwillcausethecrowdingeffect,sothatbusinessesandresidentstoreducetheurbanpublicgoodsenjoylevel,sourbanizationlevelshouldadapttothelocaleconomicconditionsandobjectiveRadiationeffectsTheradiationeffect,whichisthebasisofurbaneconomicdevelopment,promotesthedevelopmentofeconomy,culture,educationandscienceandtechnologyinthesurroundingareasthroughtheadvantagesofeconomy,culture,talentandotherresourcesThedevelopmentofurbanizationwillpromotevariousresourcesandacceleratethedevelopmentoftowns,urbanizationandurbanizationmakescitiesbecomealargeareacoveringthecenterofresourceallocation,willspreadtothesurroundingcitycivilizationFromtheperspectiveofeconomics,theradiationeffectofthetownistheresourceintheurbanareaaroundmarginalrevenueandmarginalrevenuecomparedtotheresultofvariousresourcesintheurbandevelopmentspacesaturationsothattheychoosetoleavethecenterheight,tothesurroundingflowThree,thedemandforlocalfinancebyUrbanizationLocalfinancemeetstheneedsofurbanconstructionthroughlocalpublicgoodsThescopeofbenefitoflocalpublicgoodsisbasicallylimitedwithinthisregion,andthisbenefitisfairlyuniformforwalkingwithintheregionInaddition,theexternalitiesoflocalpublicgoodsarestrongerthanthoseofnationalpublicproductsLocalsupplyofpublicgoodsisanactivity,andthereforemustactinaccordancewiththerequirementsofincreasingefficiencyandsatisfyingresidents'consumptionpreferencesAccordingtothefirstpartofthegeographicaldistribution,levelsandtypesoflocalpublicgoodssupplyFcanguideurbanresidentsandvariouseconomicentities,andcanplayMurbanagglomerationeffect,therebyaffectingtheurbannonagriculturallevelI,andultimatelyaffecttheurbanizationprocessandthelevelofUTherefore,inordertomoreeffectivelyprovidelocalpublicgoodstomeettheneedsofurbanconstructionandurbandevelopmentlevelofdiversity,thelocalgovernmentwillalsohighlightthecityandsmalltownofthetwolevels,whicharethecorrespondingservicecityandsmalltownfinanceforfinanceCityFinanceWiththedevelopmentofthecity,urbanfinancedevelopswiththedevelopmentofthecityAsthecityhasadensepopulation,theindustrialandcommercialdevelopment,convenienceandothercharacteristics,determinesthespecificityofurbanfinanceThescaleandefficiencyofurbaneconomicdevelopmentrestrictthescaleofurbanfinanceAsfarastheurbaneconomyisconcerned,theurbanfinanceisindispensablebecauseofthespatialcharacteristicsofagglomeration,themonopolyoftheeconomicoperation,externalitiesandtheprovisionoflocalpublicgoodsCityFinancetoservefortheeconomicdevelopmentofthecity,itsmaintasksare:toraisefundsforthecity,andintheprocessofraising,playtheroleofeconomicleversofproduction,circulationandconsumptionsectorssupportthedevelopmentofnewindustriesandacceleratethetransformationofthetraditionalsupportmunicipalconstruction,convenientproductionandlifeofthepeopleandthefinancialallocationoffunds,tomeetthediverseneedsofthecity,whichisthesurvivalneedenjoymentanddevelopment,smalltownfinanceInternationalexperiencehasprovedthattheroleofdevelopingcountriesinpromotingurbanizationispurelythroughthedevelopmentoflargeandmediumsizedcities,andtheirfunctionsarelimitedThelevelofurbanizationinChinaislaggingbehind,whichisobviouslyrelatedtothedevelopmentofsmalltownsThedistancebetweensmalltownsisrelativelyclose,thecostoflivingislow,andtheabilitytoabsorbthesurplusrurallaborforceisstrong,anditcantakeintoaccountboththetwoorthreeindustryandagricultureThedevelopmentofsmalltownscaneffectivelyreducetherisksandcostsintheprocessofurbanization,andthedevelopmentofsmalltownswillinevitablyevolveintosmallcities,andeventuallyevolveintomediumsizedcities,soastoimprovethelevelofurbanizationTownfinancereferstotheapprovalofthestatefinanceoftowns,namelyCountyresidenttownandothertownsofthetreasuryItsmaintaskis:topromotecommunityandtownpublicgoodsandservicestocreateagoodurbaninvestmentenvironment,theestablishmentofaunifiedmarket,improvetheefficiencyofpublicservicesupportpublicsecurity,trafficandordinaryresidential,publicutilities,toensurethedailyoperationofsmalltownlifethedevelopmentofagriculturetogivefinancialsupporttoagricultureindustrializationandFour,theimpactoflocalfinancialoperationsonUrbanizationChinaisenteringthestageofrapiddevelopmentofurbanization,andtheimprovementofthelevelofurbanization,localfinance,especiallyurbanfinanceandsmalltownfinance,isbecomingmoreandmoreimportanttorealizethefunctionsofcitiesandtownsTherevenueandexpenditureofUrbanFinanceandsmalltownsdependonthelevelofurbaneconomicdevelopment,andthescaleandlevelofurbaneconomicdevelopmentareaffectedtosomeextentbyfinancialoperationCityFinanceandsmalltownsfinancetoprovideurbaninfrastructureforurbaneconomicdevelopment,tomeettheneedsofthecarryingcapacityofcitiesandtowns,ontheotherhand,butalsotohighlighttheprocessofurbaneconomicdevelopmentinthenaturalmonopoly,externalityandpublicgoodsprovisionproblemTheleveloffunctionofUrbanFinanceandsmalltownswilldirectlyaffecttheprocessandlevelofurbanizationInthelocalfinance,theurbanfinanceandthesmalltownfinancearedifferentaccordingtotheirserviceobject:Cityfinancefinancialresources,largescale,itsrevenuecomesmainlyfromthecityofindustryandcommercetaxpaid,includinglocalfixedincome,thecentralandlocalrevenuesharing,thecentralandprovincialfiscaltransferpaymentandfinanceofcity,citygovernmentborrowing,welfareandspreadthecityinfrastructureusefeeTheexpendituremainlyincludestheexpenditureofeconomicconstruction,culturescienceandhealthexpenditure,administrativefees,citymaintenanceandconstructionspending,securityandsocialreliefspendingandpricesubsidiesSmalltownfinanceincomeisasmalltownthroughasmalltowncommunityaspartofthesocialproductandnationalincomedistributionandredistributionofthefunds,includingsmalltowntaxincome,laborincome,agriculturalsurtax,ruralpublicutilitiesandadditionalfunds,additionalselffinancingincomeThemajorcostincludinginfrastructureconstructionofsmalltownsandvariousadministrativefees,culturescienceandhealthexpenditureUtilityexpenditure,smalltowncollectivewelfareexpenditure,socialwelfareexpenditureandselffinancingexpenditureFromthecityfinancebalancecontentandsmalltownfinance,totownsintheprocessofeconomicoperationofmarketfailuretogivecorrection,sothattheresourcesandelementsofthetowntothecitytopromotetherationalallocationofhealthFirstofall,throughthelocalgovernmenttaxcollectionoffundstomeettheexpenditureofeconomicconstruction,aswellasurbanmaintenanceandconstructionspending,providesthenecessarylocalpublicproductsfortheeconomicdevelopmentofcitiesandtownsTheprovisionofastrongregionalpublicproductisguaranteedbythetowntaxesandfeesleviedontheprincipleofwhobenefitsandwhopaysUrbanquasipublicproductsprovideagoodenvironmentforurbanagglomeration,andpromotetheprocessofagglomerationSecondly,basedoneducation,securityandenvironmentalprotection,landplanningspendingandchargingforenvironmentalpollutionprojects,eliminatingtheexternalityoftheseprojects,solvetheresidentsorenterprisesduetoexternalincomehigherthanprivatebenefitsratherthanengagedintheprovisionofpublicgoods,ortheinternalizationofexternalcostsofresidentsorenterprisesthus,controloftheoutereconomy,makingtheurbanresourceallocationefficiencycanbeimproved,andthefactorsintheprocessofurbanizationaregatheredinamoreeconomicalwayFinally,basedonthesocialsecurity,aswellassomeofthebenefitsofthefeetransferpaymentsandurbanwelfareplan,canbesolvedintheprocessofurbanizationeducation,unequalemploymentopportunityandenlargethegapbetweentherichandthepoormayaggravatethe"urbandiseases"inequality,removetheobstacletothefurtherdevelopmentoftowneconomy,andpromoteurbanizationtoimprovetheleveloftheprocessisconsistentwithsocietalgoals:Peiyi,foreigncityofMTianjin:NankaiUniversitypress,SunKai,Departmentoflocalfinance,M,Beijing:EconomicPress,LiJinwang,financeofChinesesmalltownMBeijing:XinhuaPublishingHouse,MaiLvkang,LiYan,cityfinanceandpracticeMBeijing:Chinaenvironmentalpress,,ShenZhendong,ZhouQihuaAnalysisofurbanizationMBeijing:ChinaEconomicPublishingHouse,

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