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首页 初中宾语从句

初中宾语从句.doc

初中宾语从句

卡哇伊笑笑
2017-08-31 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中宾语从句doc》,可适用于综合领域

初中宾语从句宾语从句一、什么是宾语从句,在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句即用一个句子来充当宾语。二、宾语从句的连接词。、当由陈述句充当宾语从句时用that引导that无词义在口语或非正式文体中常省略。如:ShesaidthatshewouldleavethemessageonthedeskHesaidthathecouldfinishhisworkbeforesupper、当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时用if或whether引导意为“是否”。如:AlicewantedtoknowifwhetherhergrandmotherlikedthebagIdon'tknowwhetherhe'llcomethedayaftertomorrow注意:whether与if的用法与区别:a与ornot连用只能用whether。如:Idon’tknowwhetherhewillcometomybirthdaypartyornotb介词后面只能用whether。如:ItdependsonwhetheryoucareaboutthatIamnotinterestedinwhetherhewillcomeornotc动词不定式前只能用whether。如:Hedoesn'tknowwhethertostayornotd在少数动词如know,ask,care,wonder,findout,discuss,doubt等后多用whether。如:Idon’twanttodiscusswhetheritisgoingtoraintomorrowIwonderwhetheryouwillleaveforShanghaithismonth、当由特殊疑问句充当宾语从句时用原来的疑问词引导(从句部分要用正常的陈述语序)。如:Couldyoutellmewherewillwehavethemeetingthisafternoon(×)Couldyoutellmewherewewillhavethemeetingthisafternoon()Idon'tknowwhenwillthetrainleave(×)Idon'tknowwhenthetrainwillleave()I’mnotsurewhowillwinthegameIdon’tknowwhatisinthebag三、宾语从句的时态。、当主句中谓语动词是现在时或将来时时从句中谓语动词可以使用任何时态。如:Shesays(that)sheworksfromMondaytoFridayShesays(that)shewillgoshoppingwithSamtomorrowShesays(that)sheforgottoleaveamessageformelastnightShesays(that)shehasneverbeentoBeijing、当主句中谓语动词是过去时态从句中谓语动词要用表示过去的某种时态。如:Hesaid(that)hedidn’tpasstheexamHesaid(that)hewasgoingtotakecareofthebabyHesaid(that)theywerehavingameetingatthattime、当宾语从句是叙述某一自然现象、客观事实或科学真理时从句中谓语动词不受主句影响仍用一般现在时。如:Shesaid(that)herfatheristwentyeightyearsolderthanherHesaid(that)lighttravelsmuchfasterthansound四、直接引语与间接引语在把直接引语转换为间接引语时需要注意两点:一是人称的变化(从句的人称需遵循原则)二是时态的变化(当主句为过去时时从句的时态“一随主、二随宾、三不变”需做如下变化:一般现在时一般过去时现在进行时过去进行时一般将来时过去)。例如:过去完成时将来时一般过去时、现在完成时、过去完成时Heaskedme,“Doyouwanttotryit”=HeaskedmewhetherIwantedtotryitHesaidtome,“IamgoingtovisitmyEnglishteachertomorrow”=Mymothertoldme,“Jerryboughtanewhouse”=Johnsaid,“IhavebeentoShanghai”=五、宾语从句的简化(一)当主句的谓语动词是asktellhopewishdecideagree等时从句部分可以转化为动词不定式结构。例如:IhopethatIcanpasstheexam=IhopetopasstheexamShetellsmethatIshouldbelieveinmyself=Samdecidethathewillstudyhardfortheexam=(二)当主句的谓语动词为knowaskforgetrememberlearntellteach等时有些特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句也可以简化为动词不定式结构即特殊疑问词todo。例如:Idon’tknowwhatIshouldbuyforhim=Idon’tknowwhattobuyforhimIcan’trememberhowIcangettothehospital=HeasksmewherehecanlivewhenhegetstoBeijing=六、宾语从句的反义疑问句()当主语为第二、第三人称时附加疑问句与主句一致。例如:Shethinksitisreallyagoodidea,Youdidn’tknowtheaddress,()当主语为第一人称谓语动词为think,believe,suppose,imagine,expect,besure等时附加疑问句与从句一致。例如:Idon’tthinktheywillcome,Webelieveyouwillwinthematch,Ican’timaginethatsheissocarelessthistime,Iamsurethatshewillmissyou,定语从句、宾语从句综合训练一、单项选择Inthebookshop,areaderaskedtheshopkeeperWhoMovedMyCheesewasaninterestingbookA(thatB(howC(whatD(ifIdon'tknowMrGreenwillcometoseeusHewillhelpuswithourEnglishA(whyB(whenC(howD(whetherThefactorywe'llvisitnextweekisnotfarfromhereAwhereBtowhichCwhichDinwhichIwastoldBillGateswasthirteenhebegantoplaywithcomputersA(thathowB(howthatC(whenthatD(thatwhenCouldyoutellmeI'mgoingtoseehimSorry,Idon’tknowA(wheredoesMrLiliveB(wheredidMrLiliveC(WhereMrLilivesD(whereMrLilivedTheengineermyfatherworksisaboutyearsoldAtowhomBonwhomCwithwhichDwithwhomWheredoyouthinkhethecomputer,Sorry,IhavenoideaA(,boughtB(hasboughtC(didbuyD(doesbuyIsthereanyoneinyourclassfamilyisinthecountryAwhoBwho'sCwhichDwhoseIdon'tfeelverywellMumaskedmethismorningA(whatthematterisB(whatiswrongC(whatwasthematterD(whatwrongwasDoyouknowthemanAwhomIspokeBtowhospokeCIspoketoDthatIspokeTheteacheraskedthestudentsAiftheywereinterestedinEnglishBwhenwasAlbertEinsteinbornCwhattheywilldowiththecomputersDhowmanytreestheyhaveplantedEverymorningthepatientsareaskediftheirtemperaturetakenAtheyhadhadBhavetheyhadCtheyhavehadDhadtheyhadCouldyoutellmeSorry,Idon’tknowIwasnotatthemeetingAwhatdoeshesayatthemeetingBwhatdidhesayatthemeetingCwhathesaysatthemeetingDwhathesaidatthemeetingThisisthehotellastmonthAwhichtheystayedBatthattheystayedCwheretheystayedatDwheretheystayedIwanttoknowyouwillcomebackat:tomorrowAthatBwhenCwhereDwhetherYoucan’timaginewhentheyreceivedtheseniceChristmaspresentsAhowtheywereexcitedBhowexcitedtheywereChowexcitedweretheyDtheywerehowexcitedThatisthedayI'llneverforgetAwhichBonwhichCinwhichDwhenHewantedtoknowAwhetherhespeaksatthemeetingBwhenthemeetingwouldstartCwhathe’sgoingtodoatthemeetingDwherewouldthemeetingbeheldCouldyoutellmesheislookingforAthatBwhoseCwhoDwhichThisisthereasonhedidn'tcometothemeetingAinwhichBwithwhichCthatDforwhichMrKingdidn’tknowyesterdayeveningAwhendoeshissoncomehomeBwhenhissoncomeshomeCwhendidhissoncomehomeDwhenhissoncamehomeThisisthemagazineIcopiedtheparagraphAthatBwhichCfromthatDfromwhich二、完成下列句子。、LiMingsays(对音乐感兴趣)、Idon’tthinkMary(将要离开)、I’mnotsureShanghai(她是否曾去过上海)、Effietoldmethatshelastmonth(买了一台新电脑)、Iwanttoknow(这件T恤多少钱)、Jacksaidhe(已经找到了新工作)

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