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首页 英语词源词典L6

英语词源词典L6.doc

英语词源词典L6

Werner康楠
2018-09-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典L6doc》,可适用于游戏领域

英语词源词典LLeonmedievalkingdominnorthwesternSpain,saidtobefromLlegionis(septimae)“oftheSeventhLegion,”whichwasfoundedinSpaininBCEthenameprobablythenconformedtoSpleon“lion”Related:LeoneseLeonardmascpropername,fromFrLéonard,OFrLeonard,fromGerLeonhard,fromOHG*Lewenhart,lit“strongasalion,”fromlewo(fromLLeo,seelion)hart“hard”(seehard(adj))leonine(adj)“lionlike,”latec,fromOFrleoninordirectlyfromLleoninus“belongingtoorresemblingalion,”fromleo(genleonis)“lion”WeekleythinksthatLeonineverse(s),rhymedinthemiddleaswellastheendoftheline,probablyisfromthenameofsomemedievalpoet,perhapsLeo,CanonofStVictor,Paris,cleopard(n)latec,fromOFrlebard,leupart(c,ModFrléopard),fromLLleopardus,lit“lionpard,”fromGkleopardos,fromleon“lion”pardosmalepanther,”whichgenerallyissaidtobeconnectedtoSktprdakuh““panther,tiger”TheanimalwasthoughtinancienttimestobeahybridofthesetwospeciesLeopoldmascpropername,fromFrLéopold,fromOHGLeutpald,Liutbald,lit“boldamongthepeople,”fromleudi“people”bald“bold”leotard(n),leotards,namedforJule(adj)earlyc,leprus,fromOFrlepros(ModFrlépreux),fromLLleprosus,fromLlepra“leprosy”(seeleper)lepton(n)elementaryparticleofsmallmass,,fromGkleptos“small,slight,slender,(fromlepein“topeel,”fromPIE*lepseeleper)onAlsothedelicate”nameofasmallcoininancientGreece,fromneuterofleptoslesbian(adj)s,“pertainingtotheislandofLesbos,”fromLLesbius,fromGklesbios“ofLesbos,”GreekislandinnortheasternAegeanSea(thenameoriginallywooded”),homeofSappho,greatlyricpoetwhoseeroticandmayhavemeant“romanticverseembracedwomenaswellasmen,hencemeaning“relatingtohomosexualrelationsbetweenwomen”(lesbianisminthissenseisattestedfrom)andthenoun,firstrecordedBeforethis,theprincipalfigurativeuse(commoninc)waslesbianrule(c)amason'sruleoflead,ofatypeusedonLesbos,whichcouldbebenttofitthecurvesofamoldinghence,“pliantmoralityorjudgment”Andthisisthenatureoftheequitable,acorrectionoflawwhereitisdefectiveowingtoitsuniversalityForwhenthethingisindefinitetherulealsoisindefinite,liketheleadenruleusedinmakingtheLesbianmouldingtheruleadaptsitselftotheshapeofthestoneandisnotrigid,andsotoothedecreeisadaptedtothefactsAristotle,“NicomacheanEthics”Cfalsotribadismlesbianism(n),fromlesbianismlesboby,colloquialshorteningoflesbianlesemajesty(n)“offenseagainstsovereignauthority,treason,”s(midcasanAngloFrenchword),fromFrlèsemajesté,fromLlaesamajestos“violatedmajesty,”fromlaesus,ppoflaedere“tohurt,injure,damage,offend,insult,”ofunknownoriginlesion(n)earlyc,fromMFrlesion,fromLlaesionem(nomlaesio)“injury,”fromppstemoflaedere“tostrike,hurt,damage,”ofunknownoriginOriginallywithreferencetoanysortofhurt,whetherphysicalornotlessOElæs(adv),læssa(adj),compoflæs“small”fromPGmc*laisizo“smaller”(cfOS,OFrisles“less”MDulise“soft,gentle,”Gerleise“soft”),fromPIEroot*leis“small”(cfLithliesas“thin”)Formerlyalso“younger,”asatranslationofLminor,asensenowobsoleteexceptinJamestheLessUsedasacomparativeoflittle,butnotrelatedtoitThenounisOElæsselessee(n)“onetowhomaleaseisgiven,”latec,fromAngloFrlesee,OFrlessé,ppaisser)“tolet,leave”(seelease)oflesser(ModFrllessen(v)“tobecomeless,”c,fromlessen()Related:Lessenedlesseninglesser(adj)earlyc,adoublecomparative,fromlesser()Johnsoncallsit“a,formedbythevulgarfromthehabitofbarbarouscorruptionoflessterminatingcomparativesiner”Asanadverbfromsnowgenerallypoeticorobsoleteexceptinexpressionlesserknown()lesson(n)earlyc,“areadingaloudfromtheBible,”also“somethingtobelearnedbyafromOFrleçon,fromLlectionem(nomlectio)“areading,”nounstudent,”ofactionfromppstemoflegere“toread”(seelecture(n))Transferredsenseof“anoccurrencefromwhichsomethingcanbelearned”isfromslessor(n)“onewhograntsalease,”latec,fromAngloFrlessor(latec),fromverblesser(seelease)lest(conj)c,contractedfromMEphraseleste“lessthat,”fromOEphraseþylæsþe“wherebylessthat,”fromþy,instrumentalcaseofdemonstrativearticleþæt“that”læs(seeless)þe“the”Theþywasdroppedandtheremainingtwowordscontractedintolestelet(v)OElætan“toallowtoremainletgo,leave,departfromleaveundonetoallowbequeath,”also“torent”(classVIIstrongverbpasttenselet,pplæten),fromPGmc*letan(cfOSlatan,OFrisleta,Dulaten,Gerlassen,Gothletan“toleave,let”),fromPIE*le“toletgo,slacken”(cfLlassus“faint,weary,”Lithleisti“tolet,toletloose”seelenient)Ifthatderivationiscorrect,theprimarysensewouldbe“letgothroughweariness,neglect”Ofblood,fromlateOldEnglishTolet(something)sliporiginally(s)wasareferencetohoundsonaleashfigurativeusefromsTolet(someone)off“allowtogounpunished”isfromToleton“reveal,divulge”isfromtoletup“cease,stop”isfromLetalone“nottomention”isfromlet(n)“stoppage,obstruction”(obsoleteunlessinlegalcontracts),latec,fromarchaicverbletten“tohinder,”fromOElettan“hinder,delay,”fromPGmc*latjanan(cfOSlettian“tohinder,”ONletja“toholdback,”OHGlezzen“tostop,check,”Gothlatjan“tohinder,makelate,”OElæt“sluggish,slow,late”)seelateletup(n)“cessation,”,fromverbalphraseletup“cease,stop”()InOldEnglishthephrasemeant“toputashore”letch(n)“craving,longing,”,perhapsabackformationfromlecher,orfromafigurativeuseoflatch(v)inasecondarysenseof“grasp,grasponto”letdown(n),“disappointment,”,fromlet(v)down(adv)Thealsoletdownverbalphraseisfrommidcinaliteralsensefigurativelybylethal(adj)s,fromLLlethalis,alterationofLletalis“deadly,fatal,”fromletumdeath,”ofuncertainoriginFormalteredinLLbyassociationwithlethe“hydor“waterofoblivion”inHadesinGreekmythology,fromGklethe“forgetfulness”lethality(n)s,fromlethalitylethargic(adj)latec,litargik,fromLlethargicus“affectedwithlethargy,”fromGklethargikos,fromlethargos(seelethargy)Related:Lethargicallylethargy(n)latec,litarge,fromOFrlitargieordirectlyfromMLlitargia,fromLLlethargia,fromGklethargia“forgetfulness,”fromlethargos“forgetful,”originally“inactivethroughforgetfulness,”fromlethe“forgetfulness”(seelatent)argos“idle”(seeargon)TheformwiththisfromsinEnglishLetheriverofHades(whosewaterwhendrunkcausedforgetfulnessofthepast),fromGklethe,lit“forgetfulness,oblivion,”relatedtolethargos“forgetful,”lathre“secretly,bystealth,”lathrios“stealthy,”lanthanein“tobehidden”CognatewithLlatere“tobehidden”(seelatent)Related:LetheanLetitiafempropername,lit“gladness,”fromLlaetitia,fromlaetus“glad,”ofunknownoriginLett,fromGerLette,fromOHGliuti“people”(GerLeute)ThenativenameisLatvji(seeLatvia)Related:LetticLettishletter(n)c,“graphicsymbol,alphabeticsign,writtencharacter,”fromOFrletre(c,ModFrlettre)“character,lettermissive,note,”inplural,“literature,writing,learning,”fromLlittera(alsolitera)“letterofthealphabet,”ofuncertainorigin,perhapsviaEtruscanfromGkdiphthera“tablet,”withchangeofdtolasinlachrymoseInthissenseitreplacedOEbocstæf,lit“bookstaff”(cfGerBuchstabe“letter,character,”fromOHGbuohstab,fromPGmc*bokstabam)Latinlitteraalsomeant“awriting,document,record,”andinplurallitteræ“aletter,epistle,”asensefirstattestedinEnglishearlyc,replacingOEærendgewrit,lit“errandwriting”TheLatinpluralalsomeant“literature,books,”andfiguratively“learning,liberaleducation,schooling”(seeletters)Schoolletterinsports,attestedby,weresaidtohavebeenfirstawardedbyUniversityofChicagofootballcoachAmosAlonzoStaggExpressiontotheprecisely”isfroms(earlierasaftertheletter)Letterperfectisletter“from,originallyintheaterjargon,inreferencetoanactorknowingthelinesexactlyLetterpress,inreferencetomatterprintedfromreliefsurfaces,isfromletter(v)“towriteinletters,”s,fromletter(n)Earlieritmeant“toinstruct”(midc)Related:Letteredletteringletter(n)onewholets”inanysense,c,agentnounfromlet(v)“lettered(adj)“literate,”c,fromletter(n)Meaning“inscribed”isfromsletterhead(n),shortforletterheading()fromletter(n)head(n)Socalledbecauseitwasprintedatthe“head”ofthepieceofpaperlettering(n)s,“actofwriting”as“actofputtinglettersonsomething,”verbalnounfromletter(v)letters(n)“theprofessionofauthorshiporliterature,”midc,frompluralofletter(n)lettuce(n)latec,probablyfromOFrlaitues,ploflaitue“lettuce,”fromLlactuca“lettuce,”fromlac(genlactis)“milk”(seelactation)socalledforthemilkyjuiceoftheplantleu(n)monetaryunitofRomania,introduced,lit“lion”MonetarynamesintheBalkansoftentranslateas“lion”becauseDutchgoldcoinsstampedwithlionscirculatedwidelyintheregioninthecandthewordfor“lion”cametobeawordfor“money”insomelanguagesintheregionleukaemia(n)alternativespellingofleukemialeukemia(n),onmodelofGerLeukämie(),coinedbyRVirchowfromGkleukos“clear,white”(cognatewithGothliuhaþ,OEleoht“light”seelight(n))haima“blood”(seeemia)leukemic(adj)alsoleukaemic,seeleukemiaicleukocyte(n)alsoleucocyte,,viaFrleucocyte,fromGkleuko,combformofleukos“white”(seelight(n))ctye(seecyto)lev(n)monetaryunitofBulgaria,introduced,lit“lion”(seeleu)LevantMediterraneanlandseastofItaly,”latec,fromMFrlevant“theOrient,”“fromprpoflever“torise”(fromLlevare“toraise”seelever)TheregionsocalledinreferencetothedirectionofsunriseLevantine(adj)s,fromLevantine()levarifaciasLatin,lit“causetobelevied”levator(n)frommedicalLlevator“alifter,”fromLlevatus,ppoflevare“toraise”(seelever)levee(n),“naturalorartificialembankmenttopreventoverflowofariver,”fromNewOrleansFrlevée“raising,liftingembankment,”fromFrench,originallyfemppoflever“toraise,”fromLlevare“toraise”(seelever)levee(n)“morningassemblyheldbyaprinceorking(uponrisingfrombed),”s,fromFrlever“araising,”nounuseofverbmeaning“toraise”(seelevee(n))level(n)midc,“tooltoindicateahorizontalline,”fromOFrlivel“alevel”(c),ultimatelyfromLlibella“abalance,level,”dimoflibra“balance,scale,unitofweight,”fromPIE*lithraCognateSpnivel,ModFrniveauarefromthesamesourcebutalteredbydissimilationMeaning“horizontality”isfromcMeaning“positionasmarkedbyahorizontalline”isfromsPhraseonthelevel“fair,honest”isfromearlieritmeant“moderate,withoutgreatambition”()level(v)midc,“tomakelevel,”fromlevel(n)Fromcas“tobringtoalevel”as“toceaseincreasing”Meaning“toaimagun”islatecSlangsenseof“tellthetruth”isfromTolevelup“torise”isattestedbyAwordhereastothemisconceptionlaboredunderbyourEnglishneighborheevidentlydoesnotunderstandtheAmericanmannerofdoingthingsWeneverleveldowninthiscountrywearealwaysatworkontheupgrade“Levelup!Levelup!”isthemottooftheAmericanpeopleJamesEGarretson,“ProfessionalEducation,”in“TheDentalCosmos,”Philadelphia,Toleveloff“ceaserisingorfalling”isfrom,originallyinaviationlevel(adj)earlyc,fromlevel(n)Todoone'slevelbestisfromlevelheaded(adj)alsolevelheaded,,fromlevel(adj)head(n)Thenotionisof“balanced”Related:Levelheadednessleveller(n)s,someoneorsomethingthatmakeslevelagentnounoflevel(v)FromsasthenameofapoliticalpartyofthetimeofCharlesIthatadvocatedabolishingalldifferencesofpositionandranklever(n)alifter,alever,”agentnounfromc,fromOFrlevier(ModFrleveur)“lever“toraise,”fromLlevare“toraise,”fromlevis“light”inweight,fromPIEroot*legwh“light,havinglittleweighteasy,agile,nimble”(cfSktlaghuhquick,small”Gkelakhys“small,”elaphros“light”OCSliguku,Lith“lengvas“light”OIrlaigiu“smaller,worse”Gothleihts,OEleoht“light”(adj))Asaverb,,fromthenounleverage(n),“actionofalever,”fromlever(n)ageMeaning“powerorforceofalever”isfromfigurativesensefromThefinancialsenseisattestedby,AmericanEnglishasaverbbyRelated:Leveragedleveragesleveragingleveret(n)“younghare,”earlyc,fromOFrlevrat,dimoflevre(c,ModFrlièvre)“hare,”fromLlepore,fromlepusLevimascpropername,biblicalsonofJacobbyLeah,fromHeblewi,lit“joining,pledging,attached,”fromstemoflawah“hejoined”leviathan(n)latec,“seamonster,seaserpent,”alsoregardedasaformofSatan,fromLLleviathan,fromHeblivyathan“dragon,serpent,hugeseaanimal,”ofunknownorigin,perhapsrelatedtoliwyah“wreath,”fromrootlwh“towind,turn,twist”OfpowerfulpersonsorthingsfromcHobbes'suseisfromlevirate(n)custombywhichthemalenextofkinofadeadmanwasboundtomarryhiswidow,,fromLlevir“brotherinlaw”(fromPIE*daiwer“husband'sbrother”)ate()Levis(n),AmericanEnglish,originallyLevi's,fromLeviStraussandCompany,originalmanufacturerStrauss'innovationwasthecopperrivetsatstrainpointsAcowboy'saccessory,adoptedasafashioncslevitate(v)s,“torisebyvirtueoflightness,”fromLlevitas“lightness,”patternedinEnglishongravitateSenseof“raise(aperson)intotheair”ismainlyfromspiritualism(s)Related:Levitatedlevitatinglevitation(n)s,nounofactionfromLlevitas(seelevitate)ionLeviticusthirdbookofthePentateuch,c,fromLLLeviticus(liber),lit“bookoftheLevites,”fromGktoLeuitikonbiblion,fromLeuites,fromHebrewLewiProperlythepartofthePentateuchdealingwiththefunctionofthepriestswhowereofthetribeofLevi(aportionofthetribeactedasassistantstothepriestsinthetempleworship)TheHebrewtitleisTorathKohanim,lit“thelawofthepriests”Related:LeviteLeviticalLevittownusedfigurativelyfor“genericsuburbantracthousing,”AmericanEnglish,fromthevastplannedrealestatedevelopmentsbuiltbythefirmLevittSonsInc,thefirstonLongIsland,(morethan,homes),thesecondnorthofPhiladelphia()levity(n)“wantofseriousness,frivolity,”s,fromLlevitatem(nomlevitas)“lightness,frivolity,”fromlevis“light”inweight(seelever)itylevowordformingelementmeaning“towardtheleft,”fromFrlévo,fromLlaevus“left”(seeleft(adj))levy(v)earlyc,“actofraisingorcollecting,”fromAngloFrleve,fromOFrlevée“actofraising,”nounuseoffemppoflever“toraise”(seelever)Originallyoftaxes,laterofmenforarmies(c)Related:Leviedlevyinglevy(n)“anactoflevying,”earlyc,fromAngloFrleve,OFrlevée“araising,liftinglevying,”nounuseoffemppoflever“toraise”(seelever)lewd(adj)OElæwede“nonclerical,”ofuncertainoriginbutprobablyultimatelyfromVL*laigo,fromLlaicus(seelay(adj))Senseof“unlettered,uneducated”(earlyc)descendedto“coarse,vile,lustful”bylatecRelated:LewdlylewdnessLewismascpropername,AngloFrenchformofFrLouis(seeLouis)lextalioniss,Latin,“lawofretaliation,”fromtalionis,genoftalio(seeretaliation)aneyeforaneye,atoothforatoothlexeme(n),fromlexiconeme,endingabstractedfrommorphemeRelated:Lexemiclexical(adj),fromGklexikos“pertainingtowords”(seelexicon)al()Related:Lexicallylexicowordformingelement,fromLatinizedcombformofGklexikos(seelexicon)lexicographer(n)s,fromFrlexicographe“lexicographer,”fromGklexikographos,fromlexikon“wordbook”(seelexicon)graphos“writer,”fromgraphein“towrite”(seegraphy)lexicography(n)s,fromlexicographyRelated:Lexicographiclexicographicallexicology(n),fromlexicologylexicon(n)c,“adictionary,”fromMFrlexiconordirectlyfromModLlexicon,fromGklexikon(biblion)“word(book),”fromneuteroflexikos“pertainingtofromlexis“word,”fromlegein“say”(seelecture(n))Usedwords,”originallyofdictionariesofGreek,Syriac,HebrewandArabic,sincethesetypicallywereinLatinandinModernLatinlexicon,notdictionarius,wasthepreferredwordThemodernsenseof“vocabularypropertosomesphereofactivity”(s)isafigurativeextensionley(n)“lineofaprehistorictrackalignmentofnaturalandartificialfeatures,”AlfredWatkins,apparentlyavariantofleaPopulartopicinBritaininsandsandagaininssLeydenjar(n),phialusedforaccumulatingandstoringstaticelectricity,fromLeyden(modernLeiden),cityinHollandsocalledbecauseitwasfirstdescribed(in)byphysicistPietervanMusschenbroekofLeyden()TheplacenameissaidtobefromGermanic*leitha“canal”lezalsolesby,colloquialshorteningoflesbianLhasaapsotypeofdog,,fromTibetan,lit“Lhasaterrier,”fromLhasa,capitalofTibetliability(n),originallyaterminlaw“conditionofbeinglegallyliable”seeliableityGeneralsenseisfrommeaning“thingforwhichoneisliable”isfirstattestedRelated:Liabilitiesliable(adj)midc,“boundorobligedbylaw,”probablyfromAngloFr*liable,fromOFrlier“tobind,tieup,fasten,tetherbindbyobligation,”fromLligare“tobind,totie”(seeligament)WithableGeneralsenseof“exposedto”(somethingundesirable)isfromsIncorrectusefor“likely”isattestedbyliaise(v),backformationfromliaisonSaidtobeacoinageofBritishmilitarymeninWorldWarIRelated:Liaisedliaisingliaison(n)aunion,abindingtogether”(c),fromLLs,fromFrliaison“ligationem(nomligatio)“abinding,”fromppstemofLligare“tobind”(seeligament)OriginallyacookerytermforathickeningagentforsaucesSenseof“intimaterelations”isfromMilitarysenseof“cooperationbetweenisfromThenounmeaning“onewhoisconcernedbranches,allies,etc”withliaisonofunits,etc”isshortforliaisonofficerliar(n)earlyc,fromOEleogere“liar,falsewitness,”agentnounfromAnglianlegan,WSaxonleogan“beuntruthful,lie”(seelie(v))“Theforminarisrandprobablyinimitationoftherefashionedformssuchasscholarforscolepillarforpiler”Barnhartlib(n),AmericanEnglish,shorteningofliberation,usedwithpossessives,originallyinWomen'sLibColloquialshorteninglibberforliberationistisattestedfromlibation(n)latec,“pouringoutofwineinhonorofagod,”fromLlibationem(nomlibatio)“adrinkoffering,”nounofactionfromppstemoflibare“pourout(anoffering),”fromPIE*(s)leib“topour,drop”(cfGkleibein“topour,makealibation”),anenlargementofroot*lei“topour,toflow”(cfSktriyati“toletrun”Gkaleison“awinevessel”Lithlieju“topour,”lytus“rain”Hittlilai“toletgo”Alblyse,lise“astream”Welshlliant“astream,asea,”llifo“toflow”OIrlie“aflood”Bretlivad“inundation”Gaellighe“aflood,overflow”Gothleithu“fruitwine”OCSliti,lêju,Bulgleja“Ipour”Czechliti,leji,OPolli“topour”)Transferredsenseof“liquidpouredouttobedrunk”isfromRelated:Libationslibel(n)c,“formalwrittenstatement,”especially,incivillaw,“plaintiff'sstatementofcharges”(midc)fromOFrlibelle(fem)“smallbook(legal)charge,claimwritwrittenreport”(c),fromLlibellus“alittlebook,pamphletpetition,writtenaccusation,complaint,”dimofliber“book”(seelibrary)Broadersenseof“anypublishedorwrittenstatementlikelytoharmaperson'sreputation”isfirstattestedslibel(v)midc,“makeaninitialstatementsettingoutaplaintiff'scase”(modernsensefroms),fromlibel(n),qvforsensedevelopmentRelated:Libeledlibelledlibelinglibellinglibelous(adj)alsolibellous,s,fromlibel(n)ousRelated:Libelouslylibelousnessliberal(adj)midc,“generous,”also,latec,“selflessnoble,noblybornabundant,”and,earlyc,inabadsense“extravagant,unrestrained,”fromOFrliberal“befittingfreemen,noble,generous,willing,zealous”(c),fromLliberalisnoble,gracious,munificent,generous,”lit“offreedom,pertainingtoor“befittingafreeman,”fromliber“free,unrestricted,unimpededunbridled,unchecked,licentious,”fromPIE*leudhero(cfGkeleutheros“free”),probablyoriginally“belongingtothepeople”(thoughtheprecisesemanticdevelopmentisobscure),andasuffixedformofthebase*leudh“people”(cfnation,people”OHGliutOCSljudu,Lithliaudis,OEleod,GerLeute““person,people”)butliterally“tomountup,togrow”Withthemeaning“freefromrestraintinspeechoraction,”liberalwasusedccasatermofreproachItrevivedinapositivesenseintheEnlightenment,withameaning“freefromprejudice,tolerant,”whichemergedInreferencetoeducation,explainedbyFowleras“theeducationdesignedforagentleman(Latinliberafreeman)opposedontheonehandtotechnicalorprofessionaloranyspecialtraining,ontheothertoeducationthatstopsshortbeforemanhoodisreached”(cfliberalarts)Purelyinreferencetopoliticalopinion,“tendinginfavoroffreedomanddemocracy”itdatesfromc,fromFrlibéral,originallyappliedinEnglishbyitsopponents(ofteninFrenchformandwithsuggestionsofforeignlawlessness)tothepartyfavorabletoindividualpoliticalfreedomsButalso(especiallyinUSpolitics)tendingtomean“favorabletogovernmentactiontoeffectsocialchange,”whichseemsattimestodrawmorefromthereligioussenseof“freefromprejudiceinfavoroftraditionalopinionsandestablishedinstitutions”(andthusopentonewideasandplansofreform),whichdatesfromConservative,nAstatesmanwhoisenamoredofexistingevils,asdistinguishedfromtheLiberal,whowishestoreplacethemwithothersAmbroseBierce,“Devil'sDictionary,”liberal(n),“memberoftheLiberalpartyofGreatBritain,”fromliberal(adj)UsedearlycoflessdogmaticChristianchurchesinreferencetoapoliticalideologynotconservativeorfascistbutshortofsocialism,fromcThisistheattitudeofmindwhichhascometobeknownasliberalItimpliesvigorousconvictions,tolerancefortheopinionsofothers,andapersistentdesireforsoundprogressItisamethodofapproachwhichhasplayedanotableandconstructivepartinourhistory,andwhichmeritsathoroughtrialtodayintheattackonourabsorbinglyinterestingAmericantaskGuyEmerson,“TheNewFrontier,”liberalartslatec,translatingLartesliberalesthesevenattainmentsdirectedtointellectualenlargement,notimmediatepracticalpurpose,andthusdeemedworthyofafreeman(liberalinthissenseisopposedtoservileormechanical)Theyweredividedintothetriviumgrammar,logic,rhetoricandthequadriviumarithmetic,geometry,music,astronomyliberalisation(n)BritishEnglishspellingofliberalizationforspelling,seeizeliberalism(n),fromliberalismliberality(n)midc,“generosity,”fromOFrliberalité“generosity,liberality”(c),fromLliberalitatem(nomliberalitas)“wayofthinkingoractingbefittingafreeman,”nounofqualityfromliberalis(seeliberal)liberalization(n)seeliberalizationliberalize(v),fromliberal(adj)izeRelated:Liberalizedliberalizin
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