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首页 人大考博英语历年真题

人大考博英语历年真题.doc

人大考博英语历年真题

杨于怡
2017-12-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《人大考博英语历年真题doc》,可适用于综合领域

人大考博英语历年真题中国人民大学Vocabulary(points)PartA(points)Directions:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceMarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonANSWERSHEETAndthetopic“fat”isforbiddenEventheslightestpaunchbetraysthatoneislosingthetrimandofyouthAvagueBvigorCvogueDvulgarAllspecialistsagreethatthemostimportantconsiderationwithdietdrugsiscarefullytherisksandbenefitsAvaluingBevaluatingCestimatingDweighingChineseoftenshakemyhandanddon’tletgoTheytalkawaycontentedly,ofmydiscomfortandstruggletodisengagemyhandAobliviousBpatentCobviousDperniciousTheword“foolish”istoomildtodescribeyourbehavior,IwouldpreferthewordAideologicalBidyllicCidioticDidiomaticBecauseofitsexcellenceinquality,forthelasttwoyears,AudicarhasGermany’sTouringCarChampionshipAconqueredBcontestedCdominatedDdeterminedWhatweconsideraluxuryatonetimefrequentlybecomesa,manyfamiliesfindthatownershipoftwocarsisindispensableAfashionBnecessityCproclivityDnuelophealthilyandtotherightdirection中国人民大学年博士研究生入学考试试题(略)客观题部分请用铅笔将此部分的答案填涂在答题卡上否则无效~PartA(points)Directions:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceandmarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonANSWERSHEETApreviouslyBvirtuallyCprimarilyDdo,A,,B,,C,,D,Internationalsportshouldcreategoodwillbetweenthenations,butinthepresentorganizaAobsoleteBaggressiveCharmoniousOnecanunderstandothersmuchbetterbynotingtheimmediateandfleetingreactionsoftheireyesandtoexpressedthoughAdilemmasBcountenancesCconcessionsPeopleinnatelyforsuperiorityovertheirpeersalthoughitsometimestakestheAstriveBascertainCjustifyDadhereSomescientistshavesuggestedthatEarthisakindofzooorwildlifeforintelligentspacebeings,likethewildernessareaswehavesetuponearthtoallowanimalstoAconservationBmaintenanceCstorageAccordingtothelatestreport,consumerconfidenceabreathtakingpointslastAsoaredBmutatedCplummetedMelissaisacomputerthatdestroyedfilesincomputersandfrustratedAgeniusBvirusCdiseaseTheemphasisonexaminationsisbyfartheworstformofcompetitioninAnegligentBedibleCfabulousDTheboyseemedmoretotheirpovertyafterseeinghowhisAreconciledBconsolidatedCdeterioratedDuringhistwomonthstayinChina,TomneverachancetopracticehisChineseApassedonBpassedupCpassedbyAparadoxesBlegaciesCplatitudesDaDirections:IneachofthefollowingsentencesthereisonewordorphraseunderlinedBelowthesentencearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDChoosetheonethatisclosestinmeaningtotheunderlinedpartMarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonANSWERSHEETThesecretaryisverycompetentAcarefulBindustriousCcleverInthissentence,“competent”isclosestinmeaningto“capable”Thereforeyoushould,A,,B,,C,,D,HeclaimsthatadvertisingtodaytendstoportraywomenintraditionalrolessuchasAdepictBadvocateCcriticizeTheyachievedmorethantheyhadeverdreamed,lendingamagictotheirfamilystorythatnotaleorordinarylifecouldpossiblyrivalAconfirmBachieveCmatchThemosturgentthingistofindadumpforthosetoxicAimminentBrecyclableCsmellyBritishPrimeMinisterTonyBlairpromisedtheelectoratethatgunswouldnotbefiredwithoutanattempttowinafurtherUNsanctionAalliesBdelegatesCvotersTheanalysissuggeststhatthetradeoffbetweenourchildren'scollegeandourownretirementsecurityischillingAfrighteningBpromisingCfreezingTheirsigningofthetreatywasregardedasaconspiracyAsecretplanBboldattackCcleverdesignEvidence,reference,andfootnotesbythethousandtestifytoascrupulousresearcherwhodoesconsiderablAtrustworthyBintelligentCdiligentDespitetheirspartan,isolatedlifestyle,therearenostoriesofwomenbeingrapedorwantonviolenceagainsAintriguingBexasperatingCdemonstrativeThegangderivedtheirnicknamefromtheirdarkclothingandblackedupfacesfornocturnalAillegalBnighttimeCbrutalThoughsometimestoolazytoworkashardashersisters,LindahasamoreavidfondnessAmercurialBgallantCardentDirections:ReadthefollowingpassageChoosethebestwordforeachnumberedblankandmarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonAnswerSheetILikemanyotheraspectsofthecomputerage,Yahoobeganasanidea,intoahobbyandlatelyhasintoafulltimepassionThetwodevelopersofYahoo,DavidFiloandJerryYang,PhDcandidatesElectricalEngineeringatStanfordUniversity,startedtheirguideinAprilasawaytokeepoftheirpersonalinterestontheInternetBeforelongtheythattheirhomebrewedlistswerebecomingtoolongandGraduallytheybegantoDuring,theyyahoointoacustomizeddatabasedesignedtotheneedsofthethousandsofusersbegantousetheservicethroughthecloselyInternetcommunityTheydevelopedcustomizedsoftwaretohelpthemlocate,identifyandeditmaterialontheInternetThenameYahooistostandfor“YetAnotherHierarchicalOfficiousOrale”,butFiloandYanginsisttheyselectedthebecausetheyconsideredthemselvesyahoosYahooitselffirstonYang'sworkstation,“akebono”,whilethesearchInearlyMarcAndersen,cofounderofNetscapeCommunicationinMountainView,California,invitedFiloandYangtomovetheirfilestolargercomputersatNetscapeAsaresultStanford'scomputernetworkreturnedto,andbothpartiesbenefitedToday,YahooorganizedinformationontensofthousandsofcomputerslinkedtothewebAbecameBgrewCturnAmadeBsawClookedAinBonCaboutAtouchBcontactCtrackAfoundedBfoundCarguedAunwieldyBtoughCtamableAexchangedBshankCsoldAexplainBserveCdiscoverAwhichBthatCactuallyArelativeBinteractiveCboundAfluentlyBefficientlyCexactlyAtransmittedBpurchasedCsoldAaboutBboundCgoingDAfableBmodelCnameAsupportedBresidedClivedAconnectedBlodgedCintroducedAoverBawayCinsideAhousedBcaughtChosedDAaverageBnormalCordinaryAattainsBdetainsCmaintainsDirections:Readthefollowingpassages,decideonthebestoneofthechoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDforeachquestionorunfinishedstatementandthenmarkthecorrespondingletterwithOneapplicationofthethresholdmethodinvolvesthetimeyoungchildrenspendonacademicactivitiesYoungchildrenhaveshortattentionspans,sothelengthoftimetheycansustainworkononeactivityislimitedMostactivitiesarescheduledtolastnolongerthantominutesHowever,atthestartoftheschoolyear,attentionspansquicklywaneandbehaviorproblemsoftenresultToapplyGuthrie'stheory,ateachermight,atthestartoftheyear,limitactivitiestotominutesOverthenextfewweekstheteachercouldgraduallyincreasetheThethresholdmethodalsocanbeappliedtoteachingprintingandhandwritingWhenchildrenfirstlearntoformletters,theirmovementsareawkwardandtheylackfinemotorcoordinationThedistancesbetweenlinesonapagearepurposelywidesochildrencanfitthelettersintothespaceIfpaperwithnarrowlinesisinitiallyintroduced,students'etterswouldspilloverthebordersandstudentsmightbecomefrustratedOncestudentscanformletterswithintheThefatiguemethodcanbeappliedwhendiscipliningdisruptivestudentswhobuildpaperairplanesandsailthemacrosstheroomTheteachercanremovethestudentsfromtheclassroom,givethemalargestackofpaper,andtellhimtostartmakingpaperairplanesAfterthestudentshavemadeseveralairplanes,theactivityshouldloseitsattractionandpaperwillbecomeacueforSomestudentscontinuallyracearoundthegymwhentheyfirstentertheirphysicaleducationclassToemploythefatiguemethod,theteachermightdecidetohavethesestudentscontinuetorunafTheincompatibleresponsemethodcanbeusedwithstudentswhotalkandmisbehaveinthemediacenterReadingisincompatiblewithtalkingThemediacenterteachermightaskthestudentstofindinterestingbooksandreadthemwhileinthecenterAssumingthatthestudentsfindthebooksenjoyable,themediacenterwill,overtime,becomeacueforselectingandreadingInasocialstudiesclasssomestudentsregularlyfallasleepTheteacherrealizedthatusingtheboardandoverheadprojectorwhilelecturingwasveryboringSoontheteacherbegantoincorporateotherelementsintoeachlesson,suchasexperiments,anddebates,inanattempttoinvolvestudenAinformBpersuadeCdebateAeducatingstudentsCavoidingundesiredactionAParentsintroducespinachinsmallbitesormixedwithafoodthatthechildenjoysovertimesothatthechildwillnotrBTeachersintroduceacademiccontentinshortblocksoftimeforyoungchildrenandCPaperwithwiderlinesisfirstusedandthenpaperwithnarrowlinesisintroducedstepbyDAchildmightbemadetothrowtoysuntilitisnolongerfunbyhisparentsinordertoTostopsnackingwhilewatchingtelevision,peopleshouldkeeptheirhandsbusybysewing,painting,workingcrosswordpuzzles,andsoforthOvertime,watchingTVbecomesaAThethresholdmethodCTheincompatibleresponsemethodATheincompatibleresponsemethodistoforcechildtomakeunwantedresponserepeatedlyBThethresholdmethodreferstointroducingundesiredbehaviorwitharesponseCThefatiguemethodmeansthatengaginginthebehavioristransformedintoavoidingitbyDThefatiguemethodisthatinpresenceofstimulusteachershavechildmakeresponseincTheincreaseinglobaltrademeansthatinternationalcompaniescannotaffordtomakecostlyUnderstandingthelanguageandcultureoftargetmarketsinforeigncountriesisoneofthekeystosuccessfulinternationalmarketingToomanycompanies,however,havejumpedintoGeneralMotors,theUSautomanufacturer,gotacostlylessonwhenitintroduceditsChevroletNovatothePuertoRicanmarket“Nova”isLatinfor“new(star)”andmeans“star”inmanylanguages,butinspokenSpanishitcansoundlike“nova”,meaning“itdoesn'tgo”FewpeoplewantedtobuyacarwiththatcursedmeaningWhenGMchangedthenametoCaribe,MarketingblundershavealsobeenmadebyfoodandbeveragecompaniesOneAmericanfoodcompany'sfriendly“JollyGreenGiant”(foradvertisingvegetables)becamesomethingquiteWhentranslatedintoGerman,Pepsi'spopularslogan,“ComeAlivewithPepsi”cameoutimplying“ComeAlivefromtheGrave”NowondercustomersinGermanydidn'trushouttobuySuccessfulinternationalmarketingdoesn'tstopwithgoodtranslationsotheraspectsofWhenmarketersdonotunderstandandappreciatethevalues,tastes,geography,climate,Forexample,anAmericandesignertriedtointroduceanewperfumeintotheLatinAmericanmarketbuttheproductarousedlittleinterestThemainreasonwasthatthecamelliausedinitwasHavingawakenedtothespecialnatureofforeignadvertising,companiesarebecomingmuchThebestwaytopreventerrorsistohireprofessionaltranslatorswhounderstandthetargetlanguageanditsidiomaticusage,ortouseatechniquecalled“backtranslation”toreducetheTheprocessusedonepersontotranslateamessageintothetargetlanguageandanothertotranslateitbackEffectivetranslatorsaimtocapturetheoverallmessageofanadvertisementbecauseawordforwordduplicationoftheoriginalrarelyconveystheintendedmeaningandTheyshouldalsoavoidjokes,sincewhatisconsideredfunnyinonepartoftheworldmayCOvercomeCulturalSockinDifferentAhesitationBmistakeCstutterWhichofthefollowingstatementscanbeusedtosummarizethegistfromParagraphtoACulturalshocksCAvoidculturaloversightsWecanlearnfromthecontextinParagraphthattheword“camellia”mostprobablyAananimalusedinperfumOnewaytopreventerrorsinadvertisingindifferentcoAfireDexplainindetailswhenItisnotunusualforchiefexecutivestocollectmillionsofdollarsayearinpay,stockoptions,andbonusesInthelastfifteenyears,whileexecutiveremunerationrose,taxedinthehighestAmiabilityisnotaprerequisiteforrisingtothetop,andthereareanumberofchiefexecutiveofficerswithlegendarybadtempersItisnottheboss'sjobtoworryaboutthewellbeingofhissubordinatesalthoughthemanwithmanyenemieswillbesweptoutmorequicklyinhardtimesitisthecompanyheworriesaboutHisbusinesssavvyissupposedtobebasedonintimateknowledgeofhiscompanyandtheindustrysohegoeshomenightlywithafullbriefcaseAttheverytopandonthewayupTheAmericanexecutivemustbecapableofenoughsmalltalktogethimthroughthesocialpartofhisschedule,butheisprobablynotahighlyculturedindividualoranintellectualAlthoughhiswifemaybeontheboardofthesymphonyoropera,hehimselfhaslittletimeforsuchpursuitsHisreadingmaylargelyconcernbusinessandmanagement,despiteinterestsinotherfieldsGolfprovideshimwithasportTheseday,heprobablyattemptssomeformofaerobicexerciseto“keeptheoldheartinshape”andforthesamereasongoeseasyonbutterandalcohol,andsubstancesthoughttocontributetotakinghighlystressedexecutivesoutoftherunningButhisdoctor'sadmonitionto“takeiteasy”fallsondeafearsHelikestoworkHeknowsthereareyoungermennippingathisCorporateheadhunting,carriedonby“executivesearchfirms,”isagrowingindustryAmericahasgreatfaithinindividualtalent,anddynamicandaggressiveexecutivesaresoinApromotiondepCitisthedutyofthechiefexecutivetolookafterthewellAthereaCthejobofan“executivesearchfirm”iscorporateheadForexecutivesWhatisNOTtrueaccordingtothePasInNovemberYukioMishima,togetherwithsomeofhisfanaticalfollowersfromtheultranationalisticShieldSocietywhichhehadfoundedin,brokeintotheheadquartersofJapan'sEasternDefenseForcesarmedwithswordsanddaggers,overpoweredsomeaides,tiedupthecommandinggeneral,anddemandedthatthetroopsbeassembledtohearaspeechMishimaaddressedthetroopsfortenminutes,incitingthemtorebelagainsttheconstitutionalgovernmentimposedbytheUnitedStatesthathad,inhiswords,“turnedJapanspineless”Receivingonlyridiculeinresponse,hereturnedtothegeneral'sofficeandthere,beforethegeneral'sunbelievingeyes,proceededtokillhimselfinstrictaccordancewiththetraditionalsamurairitualofseppukuAfterMishimahaddrivenadaggerdeepintoleftabdomen,oneofhisaidesseveredhisheadwithIntherehadbeenasimilarrevoltand,thoughequallyunsuccessful,ithadforeshadowedtherepressiveregimeofGeneralTojothatwastostagetheattackonPearlHarborinThatearlierrevoltistheonereferredtoin“Patriotism,”oneofMishima'smostpowerfulstoriesHerelifeandfictionbecomejoinedTheactofseppukuwasforMishimaafulfillment,“theultimatedreamofmylife”Bornofanancientsamuraifamily,helongedtodieahero'sdeathinaccordancewiththeancientsamuraicodebuthisweakbodykepthimfromserviceinthewar,andhehadtocompensatethroughbodybuilding(hebecameexpertatkarateandkendo)and,mostimportant,throughthedisciplineofwritingInhisshortlifetimeheturnedouttwentynovels,thirtyplays,manyessays,andmorethaneightystories:healsoproduced,directed,andactedin,butitwasConfessionofaMask(),dealingwiththemeditationsofayoungmanofhomosexualleaningsinarepressivesociety,Mishimahasbeencalled“Japan'sHemingway,”whileothershavecomparedhimtoBtoAwaswellreceivBThegMishimabecameawellAwritten“Patrioti主观题部分请用钢笔或圆珠将此部分的答案做在答题纸二上否则无效~Directions:TranslateOnemightaskwhyspeculationispermittedwhenthereissorealadangeroflossThebasicreasonisthatspeculationcanperformusefulfunctionsinthemarketequilibriumandencouragesfasterentryofmoresuppliersIfthepricechangelaggeduntilafteranactualcommodityshortagehadoccurred,thefluctuationwouldprobablybesharperandmoresuddenRemedialsupplyactioncouldnotbefurtherdelayedSimilarly,ifspeculatorsforeseeasurplusinsomecommodity,theirsellingoffutureswillhelpdrivethepricedowntosomeextentbeforethesurplusactuallyoccursWhenspeculatorsforeseeashortageandbiduptheprice,theyarealsohelpingtoconservethepresentsupplyAsthepricegoesup,lessofthecommodityispurchasedariseinpriceencouragesuserstoeconomizeSimilarly,aloweringofpriceencouragesuserstobuymore,thusDirections:Translat中国已经发展成为一个全球极富吸引力的、现实的大市场。世界各国和地区不少有远见卓识的企业家都将目光投向了中国并从投资活动中获得了丰厚的回报。我相信中国加入世贸组织后外商参与中国投资活动的机会将越来越多自身发展的空间也越来越大。在中国的投资活动一定能成为沟通世界各国和地区的企业家与中国市场的一座桥梁促进中国和世界经济共同发展、共同繁荣。Directions:Writeanessayinnolessthanwordswiththetitle“MyUnderstandingof试题详解(略客观题部分Baggressive侵犯的挑衅的obsolete陈旧的过时的harmonious和谐的amiable和蔼可亲的。Bcountenance面容脸色dilemma进退两难的局面困难的选择concession让步junction连接、汇合处。Astriveforsomething奋斗争取ascertainwhetherwhathowthat确定探知justify(doing)something证明……是正当的adheretosomething坚持。Dwildlifereserve野生动植物保护区(具体概念)wildlifeconservation对野生动植物的保护(抽象概念)maintenance维护保持storage贮藏(量)。Cplummet垂直下落soar剧增mutate改变fluctuate波动。Bcomputervirus电脑病毒genius天才天赋disease疾病bacteria细菌。Ddisproportionate不成比例的太多的negligent疏忽的粗心大意的edible可食用的fabulous惊人的大量的。Abereconciledtosomething甘于……consolidate巩固deteriorate恶化attributesomethingtosomething将……归结于……。Bpassup(人)拒绝放过(机会)passon向前移动转移passby(机会)从……旁边过去passout分发分配。Blegacy遗产paradox似是而非的论点自相矛盾的话platitude陈词滥调analogy类似类推。Aportray描绘depict描述描写advocate提倡鼓吹criticize批评责备analyze分析。相匹敌相配相比确定达到完成夸大夸张。Dtoxic有毒的poisonous有毒的imminent即将来临的recyclable可回收利用的smelly发臭的。Celectorate(总称)选民选举人voer投票者ally同盟者delegate代表jury陪审团。Achilling令人胆寒的frightening令人恐惧的promising有希望的freezing严寒的revealing发人深省的。Aconspiracy共谋阴谋secretplan阴谋boldattack大胆的攻击cleverdesign巧妙的设计jointeffort共同努力。Dscrupulous小心谨慎的meticulous小心翼翼的trustworthy可信赖的intelligent聪明的diligent勤勉的。Dwanton恣意的unprovoked无缘无故的intriguing有迷惑力的exasperating令人愤怒的demonstrative外露的示范的。Bnocturnal夜的nighttime夜间的illegal非法的brutal残忍的abusive滥用的。Cavid渴望的ardent热心的mercurial机智的善变的gallant英勇的frugal节俭的。Bgrowintosomething发展成……becamesomething成为……turnintosomething转变成……(此处时态不对)intendsomething想要意指……。Dturnintosomething变成……makesomethingintosomething把……变成……seeintosomething调查领会了解lookintosomething朝……里面看调查浏览。Ain(thedepartmentof)ElectricalEngineering电气工程系的是固定搭配。Ckeeptrackof记录keepintouchcontactwith保持联系keeparecordof记录。B此处found是rind的过去式意为“发现”found本身还有建立、创立的意思其过去式是founded,argue争论report报道。Aunwieldy(因体积庞大或笨重的)不灵便的难操作的tough粗糙的tamable可驯服的invaluable无价的。DconvertAintoB把A转变成BexchangeAforB把A换成Bshank(花等)从病梗上枯萎脱落sellsomethingforsomemoney把……卖钱。Bservetheneeds满足需要explain解释discover发现evaluate评价。B定语从句中先行词是人时引导词只能用that或whowhom,先行词为事物时引导词可用that或which。actually实际上eagerly热心地。CcloselyboundInternetcommunity联系紧密、关系密切的互联网社区relative有关系的、相关的一般前面不加其他修饰词interactive交互式的contact与……接触、建立联系contacted一般不作定语。Befficiently高效率地fluently流畅地exactly正确地actually实际上。Dstore储存transmit传输purchase购买sell卖。Dbesupposedtodo认为应该beaboutgoingtodo即将beboundtodo必定做……。C与前文呼应选name。fable神话model模型brand商标牌子。居住位于支持生活liveonsomething以……为生投入开始。根据下文选B。临时住宿寄宿连接介绍link连接。Amoveoverto搬到……此处over表示经过一段距离moveaway搬离moveinside搬进后面不用再加介词tomovebeneath搬到……下面。给……房子住把……放在房子里catch抓hose用水管淋浇hide藏。Breturntonormal恢复正常固定搭配normal正常的average平均的ordinary平常的equal平等的。Aattain获得maintain维持保存detain留住阻止contain包含。Yahoo从互联网上的上万台计算机中获取信息而不是他的信息保存在如此多的计算机上因为他很大一个业务是搜索引擎。从题意看选A。A本文是一篇说明文旨在介绍格思里的相邻原则在少儿教育中的运用所以A。inform传达信息(说明文)persuade说服(议论文)debate辩论(议论文)narrate叙述(记叙文)。B根据第一段可知格思里的相邻原则提出了一些如何改变坏习惯的建议。下文讲述的才是这原则在教育领域的运用所以选B。D由第二段可知开端法(thresholdmethod)和少儿能集中注意力的时间长短有关教师应该循序渐进慢慢延长其注意力集中时间所以B是正确的根据第三段可知开端法还可用于训练少儿书写习惯行高应先宽后窄所以C正确再由此引申出去开端法就是循序渐进的方法所以A也正确阅读下文可知D是疲倦法(fatiguemethod)的运用。C此题题干较长仔细阅读后不难发现这运用的是矛盾反应法(incompatibleresponsemethoD即利用在做某一件事时无法同时做另一件事而改变习惯所以选C。C在理解文中提到的三种方法的基础上可以判断A选项把矛盾反应法和疲倦法混为一谈了B混淆了开端法和矛盾反应法D则混淆了疲倦法和矛盾反应法只有C正确。A通读全文可知文章主要讨论广告如何在不同的文化中取得正面理想效果归纳时应抓住文化和广告这两点符合题意的只有A。(由于愚昧、无知、粗心等造成的)大错犯大错误跌跌撞撞地走笨拙地做,说出本文中的意思显然是“大错”所以选B。B第三段至第六段的大意就在第三段里可以找到Translationmistakesareattheheartofmanyblundersininternationaladvertising句意为:错误是国际广告众多错误的根源。第四到六段举例说明这句话的含义所以选B。Ccamellia茶花根据上下文可推测出茶花可以用来做香水但茶花在拉丁美洲常常用在葬礼上所以选C。C倒数第五段总结了在外国市场打广告时商家要注意翻译问题要对各种文化的差别非常敏感最后一段又补充一点应当避免使用笑话所以C项正确。D第二段倒数第二句讲到执行官应当十分熟悉自己的公司以及所处的行业所以常常每晚带上满满一公文包的资料回家因此选D。Baerobicexercise指“有氧健身法”是一种体育锻炼故选B。C根据最后一段第一句话Corporateheadhunting,carriedonby“executivesearchfirms,”isagrowingindustry可知executivesearchfirm的工作是帮公司猎头故选C。D第三段最后一句Golfprovideshimwithasportiveoutletthatcombineswithsomeusefulsocializing打高尔夫既是一种锻炼同时也是提供社交机会因此选D。C本题选不正确的叙述。A执行官们倾向于忽视医生的建议和警告由第四段倒数第二句Buthisdoctor'sadmonitionto“takeiteasy”fallsondeafears可知是正确的所以不选。B执行官们对来自年轻一代的压力是敏感的由第四段最后一句可知是正确的所以不选。C所有的首席执行官都可以每年赚数百万美元由本文第一句可知此说法太绝对只是说通常(usual)可赚这么多所以不正确应选。D执行官们对他们吃的东西很谨慎由第四段第一句“goeseasyonbutterandalcohol,andsubstancesthoughttocontributetotakinghighlystressedexecutivesoutoftherunning”可知他们很少吃黄油和酒精还有那些会使他们不能很好工作的食物。goeasy的意思是tonottakeorusetoomuchofsomething所以此句也正确不选。C这道题可使用排除法解答。根据第二段可知A错误。文中引用的对三岛由纪夫(Mishima)的总体评价比较中立和正面并没有说他是疯狂的(lunatiC作家所以B错误。最后一段介绍了两种对他的评价可见评论家们莫衷一是。所以D错误。同时也可以判断C正确。C根据第一段第二句中Mishimaaddressedthetroopsfortenminutes,incitingthemtorebelagainsttheconstitutionalgovernment可知选C。B第一段第三句开头Receivingonlyridiculeinresponse,可知三岛由纪夫受到士兵们的嘲笑故选B。B第一段第三句中,beforethegeneral'sunbelievingeyes,proceededtokillhimself看到三岛由纪夫居然剖腹自杀将军简直不敢相信自己的眼睛可见他是大吃了一惊选B。D第二段最后讲到(),,thatbroughthimfame是年出版的一书让三岛由纪夫一举成名所以选D。主观题部分参考译文既然投机有很大的带来损失的风险我们可能要问为什么还会允许进行投机呢。根本原因在于投机能在经济发展中发挥有益的功能。由于相信价格会上涨从而买商品或期货加快了市场均衡并能鼓励更多的供应商更快地进入市场。如果价格变化滞后到商品短缺真正出现时才发生那么价格波动很可能更为剧烈、突然。采取补救措施增加供应将刻不容缓。类似的如果投机者预见到某商品将过剩他们就会卖出期货这样做有助于在过剩真正发生之前在一定程度上降低价格。而当投机者预见到将会出现短缺的时候就会哄抬物价这样做也有助于保存当前的供给。物价上涨时商品购买量就会变少因为价格上涨将促使消费者节约。同样的物价下跌将促使消费者增加购买这样就有助于将正在增加的过剩商品出售出去。参考译文Chinahasdevelopedintoabig,extremelyattractiveandrealisticmarketintheglobalcontextManyfarsightedentrepreneursfromcountriesandregionsallovertheworldhavepaidtheirattentiontoChinaandgotgenerousprofitsinreturnfromtheirinvestmentactivitiesIbelievethat,afterChina'sentryintoWTO,moreopportunitieswillbecreatedfortheparticipationofforeignentrepreneursintheinvestmentactivitiesinChinaandlagerspacefortheirowndevelopmentTheinvestmentactivitiesinChinawillsurelyserveasabridgeconnectingentrepreneursfromallthecountriesandregionsintheworldandtheChinesemarket,andpromotethecommoneconomi
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