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首页 高考冲刺 数词

高考冲刺 数词.doc

高考冲刺 数词

再回首jay
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高考冲刺 数词doc》,可适用于综合领域

高考冲刺数词、冠词考点集汇讲解和训练【考点直击】不定冠词a与an的用法定冠词the的用法"零"冠词基数词的用法序数词的用法【名师点睛】一冠词的用法冠词是虚词,放在名词之前,用来说明名词指的人或事物。冠词有两种。A(an)叫不定冠词,the叫定冠词。A用在辅音之前,an用在元音之前。不定冠词的用法()a和an均用在单数名词之前,表示某一类人或事物。例如:JohnisastudentMaryisanEnglishteacher()指某一类人或事物中的任何一个。例如:AsteelworkermakessteelPassmeanapple,please()指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或和物。例如:AstudentwantstoseeyouAgirliswaitingforyououtside()表示“每一”的意思,相当于every。例如:TakethemedicinethreetimesadayTheygotoseetheirparentsonceaweek定冠词用法()特指某(些)人或某(些)事物。例如:ThebookonthedeskisanEnglishdictionaryBeijingisthecapitalofChina()指说话人和听话人都熟悉的人或事物。例如:Openthedoor,pleaseJackisinthelibrary()上文提到过的人或事物。例如:YesterdayJohn’sfatherboughthimanewbikeThebikecosthimyuan()表示世界上独一无二的事物。例如:Thesunrisesintheeastandsetsinthewest()用在序数词和形容词最高级之前。例如:ShanghaiisthebiggestcityinChinaJanuaryisthefirstmonthoftheyear()用在某些形容词之前,表示某一类人或事物。例如:ThenurseiskindtothesickWeshouldtakegoodcareoftheold()用在某些专有名词之前和某些习惯用语中。例如:theGreatWall,theSummerpalace,inthemorning,intheopenair等。()用在姓氏复数之前,表示“某某一家人”,“某某夫妇”。例如:theBrowns,thewhites等。不用冠词的情况()某些专有名词,抽象名词和物质名词前一般不用冠词。例如:China,Canada,Japanese,glass,water,love等。()名词前已有作定语用的this,that,my,your,whose,some,any,no,each,every等代词时,不用冠词。例如:ThatismycapIhavesomequestionsGodownthisstreet()复数名词表示一类人或事物时,不用冠词。TheyareworkersWearestudents()称呼语前不用冠词,表示头衔和职务的名词前也不加冠词。例如:Idon’tfeelwelltoday,MotherBushwasmadepresidentoftheUS()三餐饭的名称前,球类活动,学科和节目名词前,常不用冠词。例如:IhavelunchathomeHeoftenplaysfootballafterclassWehaveEnglishandmathseveryday()在某些固定词组里,名词之前常不用冠词。例如:Byair,atnight,athome,gotobed,gotoschool,onfoot,frommorningtillnight等。二数词的用法数词分基数词和序数词。基数词表示数目,序数词表示顺序。基数词的用法()基数词在句中主要用作主语、宾语、定语、表语、同位语,例如:ThirtyofthemarePartymembers(主语)HowmanywouldyoulikeThree,please(作宾语)ThenineboysarefromTianjing(定语)Sixplusfouristen(表语)Wefourwillgowithyou(同位语)()表示一个具体数字时,hundred,thousand,million一律不用复数在表示一个不确定数字时则用复数。例如:Ourcountryhasapopulationof,millionpeopleTherearethreethousandstudentsinourschoolAfterthewar,thousandsofpeoplebecamehomelessMaizeisthemostimportantfoodcropformillionsofpeopleintheworldTheyarrivedintwosandthrees()表示“……十”的数词的复数形式可用来表示人的岁数或年代,例如:HeisinhisearlythirtiesHediedstillinhisfortiesThistookplaceins()表示时刻用基数词。例如:WegetupatsixTheworkersbeginworkateight表示“几点过几分”,用介词past,但须在半小时以内。例如:tenpastten,aquarterpastnine,halfpasttwelve表示“几点差几分”用介词to,但分数须在半小时以上。例如:twentytonine,fivetoeight,aquartertoten表示“几点几分”还可直接用基数词。例如:sevenfifteen,eleventhirty,ninetwenty序数词的用法()序数词主要用作定语,前面要加定冠词,例如:ThefirsttruckiscarryingafootbasketsJohnlivesonthefifteenthfloor()序数词有时前面可加不定冠词来表示“再一”,“又一”这样的意思,例如:We'llhavetodoitasecondtimeShallIaskhimathirdtimeWhenIsatdown,afourthmanrosetospeak()由几个序数词和基数词在拼写时不对应,很容易写错,应特别注意。它们是:onefirst,twosecond,threethird,fivefifth,eighteighth,nineninth,twelvetwelfth。()表示年,月,日时,年用基数词表示,日用序数词表示。例如:年十月一日读作:October(the)first,nineteensixty年九月十日读作:September(the)tenth,twothousandandfour()表示分数时,分子用基数词表示,分母用序数词表示。分子大于时,分母加s。例如:threefourths,onesecond,twofifths()序数词有时用缩写形式:first→stsecond→ndthird→rdfourth→thtwentysecond→nd【实例解析】(年上海市徐汇区中考试题)AboutstudentsinourclasscandescribethatplaceinEnglishAthreefifthsBthreefifthCthirdfiveDthirdfifths答案:A。该题考查的是分数的表示法。分子用基数词表示,分母用序数词表示。分子大于时,分母应加s,因此应选A。(年河北省中考试题)NinepoundsaweekThat’sverygoodAhundredofBhundredsofChundredsDhundred答案:D。该题考查的是数词的用法。Ninehundred是一个具体的数量,这是数词不能用复数形式,后面也不能加of。所以应选D。(年北京市海淀区中考试题)Weoftenhavesportsafterclass,andIliketoplaybasketballAaBanCtheD不填答案:D。该题考查的是冠词的用法。球类运动之前不加冠词,因此应选D。(年江西省中考试题)ThisissongI’vetoldyouaboutIsn’titbeautifuloneAthetheBaaCtheaDathe答案:C。该题考查的是冠词的用法。第一个空是特指,特指我给你说过的那首歌,第二个空是表示某一个类别。所以应选C。【中考演练】一单项填空ThismorningIhadeggandabottleofmilkformybreakfastAanBaCtheDWhat’sthematterwithyouIcaughtbadcoldandhadtostayinAaBatheCaaDthetheHaveyouseenpenIleftitherethismorningIsitblackoneIthinkIsawitsomewhereAatheBthetheCtheaDaasunisshiningbrightlyAABAnCTheDThereis“h”inthewordhourAaBtheCanDDidyouenjoyyourstayinXianYesIhadwonderfultimeAaBanCtheDsunisbiggerthanearthAAtheBAanCTheanDThetheThereisappleandsomepearsonthetableAtheBCaDanDavidhascatIt’sveryniceAaBanCtheDI’mreadingnovelItisinterestingstoryAaanBaaCthetheDanItissaidthatSARShaskilledmorethanpeopleworldwideAthreehundredsBthreehundreds’Cthreehundred’sDthreehundredHowmanyworkersarethereinyourfactoryTherearetwoAhundredsBhundredChundredofDhundredsofWhichisthesmallestnumberofthefourATwothirdsBAhalfCAquarterDThreefourthsWhatdoyouthinkofawar,LiMingI’venoideaButit’safactthatpeoplehadtoleavetheirhometownduringtheWaronIraqAthreethousandsBthousandofCthousandsofDseveralthousandsWeallthinkthatthecenturywillbringusmorehopesAtwentyfirstBtwentiethfirstCtwentyoneDtwentiethoneCanyouwritethenumbereightyfivethousand,sixhundredandtwentysixYes,itisABCDWhenwasthePRCfoundedItwasfoundedonAJuly,BOctober,CAugust,DMay,IwasyearsoldwhenmyfatherwasThisyearmyfatheristwicemyageHowoldamIABCDChinesearelookingforwaystolearnEnglishwellbeforeBeijingOlympicsAThousandBThousandsCThousandofDThousandsofBothofthetworulersarebrokenIwanttobuyaoneAthreeBthirdCforthD二句子改错:下面各句A,B,C,D中有一处错误,请指出并改正。MayisafifthmonthoftheyearABCDThefilmhasbeenonforhalfahourABCDTheboysandthegirlsoftenplaythefootballintheafternoonABCDItlooksrainWhynottakeaumbrellawithyouABCDLiMeioftengivesussomegoodinformationbytheemeilABCDWe’veplantedtwohundredstreesinthecentreofourcitythisyearABCDFivemillionofdollarsisalotofmoneyABCDTherearethousandofchildrenintheparknowABCDBytheendoftwentycentury,theworldpopulationhadpassedsixbillionABCDOverthreefifthoftheworld’sbooksandnewspapersarewritteninEnglishABCD【练习答案】一AADCCADDAADBCCABBCDB二Ba→theDa→anC去掉theCa→anD去掉theBtwohundreds→twohundredB去掉ofBthousand→thousandsBtwenty→twentiethAthreefifth→threefifths

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