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首页 人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequently asked questions about cha…

人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequently asked questions about character interviews).doc

人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequently asked qu…

眸穿透清晨
2018-11-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequently asked questions about character interviews)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequentlyaskedquestionsaboutcharacterinterviews)人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequentlyaskedquestionsaboutcharacterinterviews)EighttechniquesofcharacterinterviewTelevisionandradiojournalistsoftendovisit,reportersoftendofirstvisitandlistentotherecording,onlyonceIfaccessissuccessful,youmusthaveaccessskillsandmultiabsorptionexperienceIfyoucanpayattentiontothefollowingbasicmatters,accessskillshaveimprovedsignificantlyunderstandtheinterviewees:Youdonothavetodrawuptheinterviewtopicsonebyone,butyoumustdoyourbesttocollectinformationabouttheintervieweeandgraspthecontentoftheinterviewForexample,beforeyouvisitarockband,you'dbettercheckwhatrecordthey'vemaderecentlyInaddition,trytogetachancetotalktoeachotherbeforeanofficialvisit,whichwillrelaxthemindandevengetyousomenewinformationSomejournalistswillvisitonthesubjectrange,wereaskedtomakeapreparationBeforeyouvisit,youshouldpreparesomematerialsoroutlineofthetopicclearthebroadcastobject:Rememberthatyourepresenttheaudiencetovisit,becausetheycannotpersonallyasksomewanttoknow,soitdependsonyouIfyoudon'tknowtheaudienceatall,youcan'tstandintheirshoesandaskquestionsthey'reinterestedinfamiliarwithrecordingequipment:Imagineyoudon'tknowhowtouseataperecorderwhenyouvisitYoudon'tknowifthecoreisrunningoutofpoweroryou'reforgettinghowhighitisdecidehowtostartavisit:HowtoopenaconversationboxisadilemmaforbothpartiesHowtostarttovisit,andthefirstfewquestionswillaskwhat,you'dbettermakeaplan,inordertosuccessfullyintroducerespondentsduringthevisitLettheintervieweesplayfreely:Youshouldtrytoanswerthequestionsfreelyandfreely,andrememberthattheintervieweeistheleadingactorAvoidaskingquestionsthatonlyanswer"yes"or"no"listenattentively:Somepeopleliketodrawupquestionsfirst,andothersthinkitwillbetooroutine,sojustvisittheoutlineandactaccordinglyRegardlessofthatapproach,theaudiencemustlistenwithgreatconcentrationandtakethenextissuebythetimeoftheresponseSometimestheinterviewee'sanswermaybecompletelyoutofyourexpectationornewinformationisavailable,soyoumaywanttoputasideyourpreparedquestionsandfollowtheinterviewee'sanswersflexiblypracticebeforehand:Beforeyouvisit,findafriendandpracticeyourinterviewskillsYoumayonlyhaveonechancetovisityourlife,exercisecanhelpyougraspthepreinterviewskills,dothebestfearnoshame:Ifyoucangetalongwiththem,youwillfindtheoriginalwondereachotherveryfriendly,andwillingtoactuallyseethisBeconfidentinyourselfThespecialinterviewisawayforjournaliststoaskjournaliststoanswerspecificquestionsItisareporterwhohasaspecialinterviewwithpeopleconcernedwithhispurposeItisakindofspecialcommunicationbasedontheconversationofjournalistsandcharacters,obtainingdirectmaterialsandpenetratingbackgroundmaterialsItismoredetailedandvividthanordinaryreportsTherearetwofactorsintheinterview:theintervieweeandthejournalistSpecialfeaturesoftheinterviewina"special"word,thefocusisaninterviewSpecialinterviewnotonlyemphasizesnewsandpolitics,butalsoemphasizesitsreadabilityComparedwithothernewsforms,specialinterviewhasaffinityTherefore,itislovedbytheaudienceThespecialinterviewisdifficultforpeopletorequestandpaycloseattentiontoCharacterinterviewisdifficulttowrite,ishownottobecomeinsipid,writtencharactershavedistinctivefeaturesIfthereadercanrememberthischaracterafterreadingitanddistinguishitfromothercharacters,itcanbesaidtobeaninterviewwithasuccessfulcharacterThedistinctivecharacters,typicalexamples,andvividdetailsdependonthesuccessoftheinterviewThecommunicationbetweenjournalistsandintervieweesisoneofthemostimportantwaysWellpicked,wellpicked,withadeeperunderstandingandunderstandingofcharacters,theyareabletograspthecharacterofthecharacters,andthusfindtheflashanddifferenceofthecharacters,Inordertomoreaccuratelyrefinethetheme,sothatreaderswanttosee,love,see,feelcredible,amiable,andcanlearnThefailureoftheinterviewistobewellexecutedandpoorlywrittenThequalityoftheinterview,thereporter'squestioningskillsareparticularlyimportant,thequestionraisedwell,beaccurate,willhelpopentheinterviewboxIbelievethatthecurrentreportersinthequestionpronetothefollowingshortcomings:first,asktoomuchspace,sothattheintervieweedidnotknowhowtoanswerSomereportersstilllove"whatdoyouthink"and"three"wordsTwoisthereporteroralexpressionabilityispoor,thequestioncannotbeconciseAskedsomereportersinterviewedmissthepoint,askquestionsthelightrewriting,theyoftentalkofexcellentwritingskills,notintheunderstandingandprejudicethatfocusonspeakingeloquenceissuperfluous,notpragmaticIoftenseeanumberofreportersaskingquestions,sayingalotofwordscannotgoaroundthesubject,suchasaskingafarmerentrepreneur,thenextstepisintendedtosubsidizeruraleducationAfterallissaidanddonenotonlytotheintervieweesaid,confused,eventhereportersdonotunderstandwhattosayThreeisareporter'sinterview,attitudeisnotcorrect,butalsolimitedknowledgeSomereporterstalktoeachother,donotunderstandtheanswer,disgustedwiththeotherpartyinthepsychology,andthusthereporteropenedthepsychologicaldistanceThesehavevirtuallyaffectedtheconversationinterestoftheintervieweeTheintervieweeispronetothefollowingsituations:first,thesubjectiveistocooperatewiththeinterview,butbecauseoftensionorexcitement,alwayscannotopenFarmers,herdsmenandworkersfromthegrassrootslevelarepronetothisphenomenonTwo,negativeinterviewAlthoughopened,butalwaysdeviatefromthetheme,orconsciouslyavoidsomesensitiveissuesreportersThethreeisareporterinterviewedtractionrun,intervieweeXinmayoujiangYixieqianli,speakingdown,reporterscannotcontrolthesituation,theinterviewtooksometimetoremember,seeminglyalottousebutnotmuchtimeconsumingandlaboriousInviewoftheaboveshortcomingsandproblems,theauthorputsforwardthefollowingsuggestionsonthebasisofhisownsuperficialexperienceforhiscolleaguestoexploreFirst,designsomeimportantissuesaroundthethemeInthecourseoftheinterview,thejournalistshouldsetupthethemeandelaborateseveralquestionscarefullybeforethethemeSomeproblemscanbeplayedonthespot,butthekeyissuesmustbepreparedReportersintheinterviewbeforethetopicisclear,bothtoensurethattheinterviewtargeted,butalsotoreducewasteoftimeReportersmusthaveafewissuesthatgostraighttothepointTheyshouldbefullyestimatedbeforetheycanfighttheunpreparedwarTherearesomereporterswhoarenotveryeloquentandusethismethodtodobetterOnecandoheartbottom,hewillnotpanicTwo,youcanalsopracticeyourquestionsbeforehandSeveralquestions,infact,aretheoutlineandideasoftheinterviewHelpreporterscontrolthesituationandleadtheinterviewertothetopicInaninterviewwiththeauthorofabusinesswoman,thefemaleentrepreneurinformed,showedastrongdesire,manywordsalwaysstraySeveralproblemstheauthordesignedisused,apointwithaquestiontoaskhertocomebackTwoAskquestionsinjargonAnexpertholdsouthishandandknowsifhehasanyThereporteropenedhismouthandasked,"theintervieweewillbeabletohearyouYoudon'tknowanythingabouthimHowwelldoyouknowhisjob"Reportersaskforeignlanguagejargon,itisdifficulttoobtaintheidentityoftheinterviewee,thereisnowaytotalkaboutit,thereporteralsodifficulttoexploretheinnerworldoftheintervieweeReportersshouldmakefriendswiththeinterviewee,touchhismostsensitivenerveandexplorehismindThecommonlanguagethatiseasiesttofindisthesubjectofaninterviewThisiseffectiveforinterviewingintroverted,shy,timidanddifficulttospeakpeopleReporterscanaskquestionsthatheisfamiliarwithtoguidehimThesimplestthingistotalktothefarmeraboutwhathehasgrowninhiscropstalktotheherdsmenabouthowmanylambsHehasproducedtalkaboutthemodel'sperformancewiththedriverOfcourse,neversmatter,charlatanSuchasinterviewswithlaidoffworkersreemploymenttypical,theobjectoftheinterviewistodoknitwearIhadlonginterviewwiththetextileindustry,abetterunderstandingofknitting,interview,blurtedoutwordswithspandex,finethreadneedle,circularloomprofessional,let'ssurpriseinterviewShebelievesthatthevalueofherindustry,virtuallyreducingthepsychologicaldistanceTheinterviewtookhours,andtheintervieweesaidwhathewantedtosayanddidn'twanttosayitThesituationwaswellmastered,andthecommunicationwastrueandappealingThree,askquestions,relaxthetopic,andsettlethefeelingsoftheintervieweesForthosewhoareunabletogetintothemoodquicklybecauseofexcitementortension,journalistscantalkabouttopicsthatareirrelevantandlightinordertocalmthemdownByrelaxingthetopic,lettheotherpersonrelax,andshortenthepsychologicaldistancebetweentwopeopleassoonaspossibleApottedplant,aperiodofexperience,toaview,orotherinterestscanbecomethequestiontopicThismethodisoftenusedbytheauthorininterviewsTherearetimestointerviewaheroicsacrificeofthepolicewife,jingsaomoodalwaysdoesnotcalmdown,Iaskedabouttheirdaughter'sthings,fromtheageofthefatherdaughteraskedhowtospeakandthinkhowtodieAndthenitleadstothemainlineoftheinterviewIninterviewswithdisabledmusicians,Fang(InternationalPrizewinner),hewasdisgustedwiththeinterview,coupledwithtension,interviewscannotbecarriedoutIaskedthedifferencebetweentheclassicalguitarandthefolkguitar,soheknewtheproblemandrelaxedhimFour,toavoidinterviews,toaskquestionsofinteresttotheotherparty,andinducethemtocooperatewiththeinterviewAsanoldsayinggoes,aninterviewisalsoaworkofpoetryAwealthofknowledgedoescontributetotheinterviewInaninterviewwiththeauthorofanationaladvancedthereformofthecourt,topromotetheirDeanafraidofbadinfluence,theauthoradvancetheunderstandingoftheintervieweeliteraryattainments,thelegalistthoughtandmilitarygreatresearch,askedhisevaluationofXunzi,ShangYangandHanFei,"Lushihchunchiu",byShangYang"viewofmisdemeanorafelonyisnottooheavy,"comenaturallyhetalkedaboutthereformofheTheinterviewwentonandchangedtheattitudeoftheintervieweeOriginallyonlyhalfanhourofinterviewtime,unwittinglyextendedtofivehoursFive,askbothsidesofthequestionandasktheaudiencewhattheywanttoknowReportersalwaysthinkcarefullybeforetheyinterviewpeopleFromthereader'spointofview,whatwouldthereaderwanttoknowaboutthecharacterandwhatinterestshimOnlywhenyouthinkofthereaderinyourmindwillthereaderenjoyseeingthearticlesyouwroteInthesameway,standbytheinterviewee'spointofview:whatdoeshewanttotellthereaderWhatgoodexperienceandflashdoeshehavetoenlightenthereaderOnlytwoaspectshavebeentakenintoconsideration,andthejournalist'squestionwillinterestbothpartiesAlsopayattentiontoprotectingtheprivacyoftheintervieweeDon'taskquestionsaboutvulgarityandnoveltySix,reportersshouldbesincereattitude,objective,withoutpersonaltendenciesDon'taskquestionsthatpromptyousoasnottoinduceorlimittheother'sanswerAskmorequestions,discussanddiscuss,butdon'tusebluntandtrialtoneAccordingtodifferentobjectsbywayofquestioningistoask,ask,aguide,etcThejournalistandtheintervieweetokeepinmindwhendealingwiththebully,andnotcharming,questioningtoneandwordstobesincere,notscoldatcompositionSeven,toaskquestionstobeconciseandtothepoint,straighttothepoint,easylisteningtounderstandQuestionsshouldbeopenended,useful,what,what,how,andsoon,giveeachotherabroadanswerspaceDon'tasklikeajudge:"yesorno""Attentionshouldbepaidtothespecificquestions,thebigproblemcanbedividedintoseveralsmallproblemsForexample,askafarmer,"doyouknowhowtosafeguardtheinterestsofconsumers""Itcanbedividedinto:"didthepeoplearoundyoubuyanythingfakeandshoddy"""Whatdidyoudo"WherecanIfinditWhomareyoucalling"Eight,questionsshouldpayattentiontothe"fiveno":No,no,nosentenceinversionnegativetonequestions,notambiguouswordsinthequestions,questionsofcoinage,notarbitraryswitchingtotermLearntospeakmoreoften,andlongsentencesintoshortsentencesNine,theappropriateuseofsomedaredGivefullplaytotheroleofAWithweighty,sharpquestions,theintervieweewhohadavoidedthesubjecthadtoansweritdirectlyThesuccessoftheinterviewquestions,notothers,alsonottomentionthegeneralquestion,intendstohighlightitssharpsideAcomponentproblemisareflectionofthejournalist'slevelJournalistFallaciistoaskfornearsharpprovocationTheauthorinaninterviewwithacommitmenttochangetheleadershipofaunit,"youtoimplementreformswiththecompulsivemeans,peoplewilltellyouthedespoticpower,perhapsthefuturewillaffectyourpoliticalfuture,youmaybecomeavictim,whatdoyouthinkofthis"ThisproblemhasarousedtheattentionandinterestoftheleaderAftertheinterview,hesaid:"Iwanttodo,readmaterialswouldbefinished,butyouhavetoletmespeakoftheproblem"Butinaninterviewwithacontroversialentrepreneur,theauthoraskedbluntly:"people'sopinionofyouisthathowyouseeit,getbothpraiseandblame,howdoyouassessyourself"TheproblemopenedtheconversationboxandrippedhisprotectiveclothingLater,theintervieweesaid,"you'rethefirstonetotouchtheproblemIthoughtyouknewmewell",Andtreatmefairlyandfairly"Writeanarticle,vividcharactersaretruetolifewiththegoalofwriting,inordertoachievethisgoal,thekeyistoaskquestionsGreetingstotheproblem,thefirststepontheroad,andawayfromthetargetisalsonear

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人物访问的一些常问问题(Frequently asked questions about character interviews)

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