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首页 风力发电机用专业英语中文对照

风力发电机用专业英语中文对照.doc

风力发电机用专业英语中文对照

小智慧大可慧
2019-05-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《风力发电机用专业英语中文对照doc》,可适用于工程科技领域

风力发电机用专业英语中文对照风力机windturbine风电场windpowerstationwindfarm风力发电机组windturbinegeneratorsystemWTGS水平轴风力机horizontalaxiswindturbine垂直轴风力机verticalaxiswindturbine轮毂(风力机)hub(forwindturbine)机舱nacelle支撑结构supportstructureforwindturbine关机shutdownforwindturbine正常关机normalshutdownforwindturbine紧急关机emergencyshutdownforwindturbine空转idling锁定blocking停机parking静止standstill制动器brake停机制动parkingbrake风轮转速rotorspeed控制系统controlsystem保护系统protectionsystem偏航yawing设计和安全参数designsituation设计工况designsituation载荷状况loadcase外部条件externalconditions设计极限designlimits极限状态limitstate使用极限状态serviceabilitylimitstates极限限制状态ultimatelimitstate最大极限状态ultimatelimitstate安全寿命safelife严重故障catastrophicfailure潜伏故障latentfaultdormantfailure风特性windcharacteristic风速windspeed风矢量windvelocity旋转采样风矢量rotationallysampledwindvelocity额定风速ratedwindspeed切入风速cutinspeed切出风速cutoutspeed年平均annualaverage年平均风速annualaveragewindspeed平均风速meanwindspeed极端风速extremewindspeed安全风速survivalwindspeed参考风速referencewindspeed风速分布windspeeddistribution瑞利分布RayLeighdistribution威布尔分布Weibulldistribution风切变windshear风廓线风切变律windprofilewindshearlaw风切变指数windshearexponent对数风切变律logarithmicwindshearlaw风切变幂律powerlawforwindshear下风向downwind上风向upwind阵风gust粗糙长度roughnesslength湍流强度turbulenceintensity湍流尺度参数turbulencescaleparameter湍流惯性负区inertialsubrange风场windsite测量参数measurementparameters测量位置measurementseat最大风速maximumwindspeed风功率密度windpowerdensity风能密度windenergydensity日变化diurnalvariation年变化annualvariation轮毂高度hubheight风能windenergy标准大气状态standardatmosphericstate风切变影响influencebythewindshear阵风影响gustinfluence风速频率frequencyofwindspeed环境environment工作环境operationalenvironment气候climate海洋性气候oceanclimate大陆性气候continentalclimate露天气候openairclimate室内气候indoorclimate极端extreme日平均值dailymean极端最高extrememaximum年最高annualmaximum年最高日平均温度annualextremedailymeanoftemperature月平均温度meanmonthlytemperature空气湿度airhumidity绝对湿度absolutehumidity相对湿度relativehumidity降水precipitation雨rain冻雨freezingrain霜淞rime雨淞glaze冰雹hail露dew雾fog盐雾saltfog雷暴thunderstorm雪载snowload标准大气压standardairpressure平均海平面meansealevel海拔altitude辐射通量radiantflux太阳辐射solarradiation直接太阳辐射directsolarradiation天空辐射skyradiation太阳常数solarconstant太阳光谱solarspectrum黑体blackbody白体whitebody温室效应greenhouseeffect环境温度ambienttemperature表面温度surfacetemperature互联interconnection输出功率outputpower额定功率ratedpower最大功率maximumpower电网连接点networkconnectionpoint电力汇集系统powercollectionsystem风场电器设备siteelectricalfacilities功率特性powerperformance静电功率输出netelectricpoweroutput功率系数powerperformance自由流风速freestreamwindspeed扫掠面积sweptarea轮毂高度hubheight测量功率曲线measurementpowercurve外推功率曲线extrapolatedpowercurve年发电量annualenergyproduction可利用率availability数据组功率特性测试datasetforpowerperformancemeasurement精度accuracy测量误差uncertaintyinmeasurement分组方法methodofbins测量周期measurementperiod测量扇区measurementsector日变化diurnalvariations浆距角pitchangle距离常数distanceconstant试验场地testsite气流畸变flowdistortion障碍物obstacles复杂地形带complexterrain风障windbreak声压级soundpressurelevel声级weightedsoundpressurelevelsoundlevel视在声功率级apparentsoundpowerlevel指向性directivity音值tonality声的基准面风速acousticreferencewindspeed标准风速standardizedwindspeed基准高度referenceheight基准粗糙长度referenceroughnesslength基准距离referencedistance掠射角grazingangle风轮风轮windrotor风轮直径rotordiameter风轮扫掠面积rotorsweptarea风轮仰角tiltangleofrotorshaft风轮偏航角yawingangleofrotorshaft风轮额定转速ratedturningspeedofrotor风轮最高转速maximumturningspeedofrotor风轮尾流rotorwake尾流损失wakelosses风轮实度rotorsolidity实度损失soliditylosses叶片数numberofblades叶片blade等截面叶片constantchordblade变截面叶片variablechordblade叶片投影面积projectedareaofblade叶片长度lengthofblade叶根rootofblade叶尖tipofblade叶尖速度tipspeed浆距角pitchangle翼型airfoil前缘leadingedge后缘tailingedge几何弦长geometricchordofairfoil平均几何弦长meangeometricofairfoil气动弦线aerodynamicchordofairfoil翼型厚度thicknessofairfoil翼型相对厚度relativethicknessofairfoil厚度函数thicknessfunctionofairfoil中弧线meanline弯度degreeofcurvature翼型族thefamilyofairfoil弯度函数curvaturefunctionofairfoil叶片根梢比ratiooftipsectionchordtorootsectionchord叶片展弦比aspectratio叶片安装角settingangleofblade叶片扭角twistofblade叶片几何攻角angleofattackofblade叶片损失bladelosses叶尖损失tiplosses颤振flutter迎风机构orientationmechanism调速机构regulatingmechanism风轮偏测式调速机构regulatingmechanismofturningwindrotoroutofthewindsideward变浆距调速机构regulatingmechanismbyadjustingthepitchofblade整流罩nosecone顺浆feathering阻尼板spoilingflap风轮空气动力特性aerodynamiccharacteristicsofrotor叶尖速度比tipspeedratio额定叶尖速度比ratedtipspeedratio升力系数liftcoefficient阻力系数dragcoefficient推或拉力系数thrustcoefficient偏航系统滑动制动器slidingshoes偏航yawing主动偏航activeyawing被动偏航passiveyawing偏航驱动yawingdriven解缆untwist塔架tower独立式塔架freestandtower拉索式塔架guyedtower塔影响效应influencebythetowershadow<<功率特性测试>>功率特性powerperformance净电功率输出netelectricpoweroutput功率系数powercoefficient自由流风速freestreamwindspeed扫掠面积sweptarea测量功率曲线measuredpowercurve外推功率曲线extrapolatedpowercurve年发电量annualenergyproduction数据组dataset可利用率availability精度accuracy测量误差uncertaintyinmeasurement分组方法methodofbins测量周期measurementperiod测量扇区measurementsector距离常数distanceconstant试验场地testsite气流畸变flowdistortion复杂地形地带complexterrain风障windbreak声压级soundpressurelevel声级weightedsoundpressurelevel视在声功率级apparentsoundpowerlevel指向性directivity音值tonality声的基准风速acousticreferencewindspeed标准风速standardizedwindspeed基准高度referenceheight基准粗糙长度referenceroughness基准距离referencedistance掠射角grazingangle比恩法methodofbins标准误差standarduncertainty风能利用系数rotorpowercoefficient力矩系数torquecoefficient额定力矩系数ratedtorquecoefficient起动力矩系数startingtorquecoefficient最大力矩系数maximumtorquecoefficient过载度ratioofoverload风力发电机组输出特性outputcharacteristicofWTGS调节特性regulatingcharacteristics平均噪声averagenoiselevel机组效率efficiencyofWTGS使用寿命servicelife度电成本costperkilowatthouroftheelectricitygeneratedbyWTGS发电机同步电机synchronousgenerator异步电机asynchronousgenerator感应电机inductiongenerator转差率slip瞬态电流transientrotor笼型cage绕线转子woundrotor绕组系数windingfactor换向器commutator集电环collectorring换向片commutatorsegment励磁响应excitationresponse制动系统制动系统braking制动机构brakemechanism正常制动系normalbrakingsystem紧急制动系emergencybrakingsystem空气制动系airbrakingsystem液压制动系hydraulicbrakingsystem电磁制动系electromagneticbrakingsystem机械制动系mechanicalbrakingsystem辅助装置auxiliarydevice制动器释放brakingreleasing制动器闭合brakesetting液压缸hydrauliccylinder溢流阀reliefvalve泻油drain齿轮马达gearmotor齿轮泵gearpump电磁阀solenoid液压过滤器hydraulicfilter液压泵hydraulicpump液压系统hydraulicsystem油冷却器oilcooler压力控制器pressurecontrolvalve压力继电器pressureswitch减压阀reducingvalve安全阀safetyvalve设定压力settingpressure切换switching旋转接头rotatingunion压力表pressuregauge液压油hydraulicfluid液压马达hydraulicmotor油封oilseal刹车盘brakedisc闸垫brakepad刹车油brakefluid闸衬片brakelining 传动比transmissionratio齿轮gear齿轮副gearpair平行轴齿轮副gearpairwithparallelaxes齿轮系trainofgears行星齿轮系planetarygeartrain小齿轮pinion大齿轮wheel,gear主动齿轮driving,gear从动齿轮drivengear行星齿轮planetgear行星架planetcarrier太阳轮sungear内齿圈ringgear外齿轮externalgear内齿轮internal内齿轮副internalgearpair增速齿轮副speedincreasinggear增速齿轮系speedincreasinggeartrain中心距centerdistance增速比speedincreasingratio齿面toothflank工作齿面workingflank非工作齿面nonworkingflank模数module齿数numberofteeth啮合干涉meshinginterference齿廓修行profilemodification,profilecorrection啮合engagement,mesh齿轮的变位addendummodificationongears变位齿轮gearswithaddendummodification圆柱齿轮cylindricalgear直齿圆柱齿轮spurgear斜齿圆柱齿轮helicalgearsinglehelicalgear节点pitchpoint节圆pitchcircle齿顶圆tipcircle齿根圆rootcircle直径和半径diameterandradius齿宽facewidth齿厚tooththickness压力角pressureangle圆周侧隙circumferentialbacklash蜗杆worm蜗轮wormwheel联轴器coupling刚性联轴器rigidcoupling万向联轴器universalcoupling安全联轴器securitycoupling齿tooth齿槽toothspace斜齿轮helicalgear人字齿轮doublehelicalgear齿距pitch法向齿距normalpitch轴向齿距axialpitch齿高toothdepth输入角inputshaft输出角outputshaft柱销pin柱销套roller行星齿轮传动机构planetarygeardrivemechanism中心轮centergear单级行星齿轮系singleplanetarygeartrain柔性齿轮flexiblegear刚性齿轮rigiditygear柔性滚动轴承flexiblerollingbearing输出联接outputcoupling刚度rigidity扭转刚度torsionalrigidity弯曲刚度flexuralrigidity扭转刚度系数coefficientoftorsional起动力矩startingtorque传动误差transmissionerror传动精度transmissionaccuracy固有频率naturalfrequency弹性联接elasticcoupling刚性联接rigidcoupling滑块联接Oldhamcoupling固定联接integratedcoupling齿啮式联接dynamiccoupling花键式联接splinedcoupling牙嵌式联接castellatedcoupling径向销联接radialpincoupling周期振动periodicvibration随机振动randomvibration峰值peakvalue临界阻尼criticaldamping阻尼系数dampingcoefficient阻尼比dampingratio减震器vibrationisolator振动频率vibrationfrequency幅值amplitude位移幅值displacementamplitude速度幅值velocityamplitude加速度幅值accelerationamplitude控制与监控系统远程监视telemonitoring协议protocol实时realtime单向传输simplextransmission半双工传输halfduplextransmission双工传输duplextransmission前置机frontendprocessor运输终端remoteterminalunit调制解调器modulatordemodulator数据终端设备dataterminalequipment接口interface数据电路datacircuit信息information状态信息stateinformation分接头位置信息tappositioninformation监视信息monitoredinformation设备故障信息equipmentfailureinformation告警alarm返回信息returninformation设定值setpointvalue累积值integratedtotalintegratedvalue瞬时测值instantaneousmeasured计量值countedmeasuredmeteredmeasuredmeteredreading确认acknowledgement信号signal模拟信号analogsignal命令command字节byte位bit地址address波特baud编码encode译码decode代码code集中控制centralizedcontrol可编程序控制programmablecontrol微机程控minicomputerprogram模拟控制analoguecontrol数字控制digitalcontrol强电控制strongcurrentcontrol弱电控制weakcurrentcontrol单元控制unitcontrol就地控制localcontrol联锁装置interlocker模拟盘analogueboard配电盘switchboard控制台controldesk紧急停车按钮emergencystoppushbutton限位开关limitswitch限速开关limitspeedswitch有载指示器onloadindicator屏幕显示screendisplay指示灯displaylamp起动信号startingsignal公共供电点pointofcommoncoupling闪变flicker数据库database硬件hardware硬件平台hardwareplatform层layerlevelclass模型model响应时间responsetime软件software软件平台softwareplatform系统软件systemsoftware自由脱扣tripfree基准误差basicerror一对一控制方式onetoonecontrolmode一次电流primarycurrent一次电压primaryvoltage二次电流secondarycurrent二次电压secondaryvoltage低压电器lowvoltageapparatus额定工作电压ratedoperationalvoltage额定工作电流ratedoperationalcurrent运行管理operationmanagement安全方案safetyconcept外部条件externalconditions失效failure故障fault控制柜controlcabinet冗余技术redundancy正常关机normalshutdown失效安全failsafe排除故障clearance空转idling外部动力源externalpowersupply锁定装置lockingdevice运行转速范围operatingrotationalspeedrange临界转速activationrotationalspeed最大转速maximumrotationalspeed过载功率overpower临界功率activationpower最大功率maximumpower短时切出风速shorttermcutoutwindspeed外联机试验fieldtestwithturbine试验台testbed台架试验testonbed防雷系统lightingprotectionsystem外部防雷系统externallightingprotectionsystem内部防雷系统internallightingprotectionsystem等电位连接equipotentialbonding接闪器airterminationsystem引下线downconductor接地装置earthterminationsystem接地线earthconductor接地体earthelectrode环形接地体ringearthexternal基础接地体foundationearthelectrode等电位连接带bondingbar等电位连接导体bondingconductor保护等级protectionlever防雷区lightingprotectionzone雷电流lightingcurrent电涌保护器surgesuppressor共用接地系统commonearthingsystem接地基准点earthingreferencepoints持续运行continuousoperation持续运行的闪变系数flickercoefficientforcontinuousoperation闪变阶跃系数flickerstepfactor最大允许功率maximumpermitted最大测量功率maximummeasuredpower电网阻抗相角networkimpedancephaseangle正常运行normaloperation功率采集系统powercollectionsystem额定现在功率ratedapparentpower额定电流ratedcurrent额定无功功率ratedreactivepower停机standstill起动startup切换运行switchingoperation扰动强度turbulenceintensity电压变化系数voltagechangefactor风力机端口windturbineterminals风力机最大功率maximumpowerofwindturbine风力机停机parkedwindturbine安全系统safetysystem控制装置controldevice额定载荷ratedload周期period相位phase频率frequency谐波harmonics瞬时值instantaneousvalue同步synchronism振荡oscillation共振resonance波wave辐射radiation衰减attenuation阻尼damping畸变distortion电electricity电的electric静电学electrostatics电荷electriccharge电压降voltagedrop电流electriccurrent导电性conductivity电压voltage电磁感应electromagneticinduction励磁excitation电阻率resistivity导体conductor半导体semiconductor电路electriccircuit串联电路seriescircuit电容capacitance电感inductance电阻resistance电抗reactance阻抗impedance传递比transferratio交流电压alternatingvoltage交流电流alternatingcurrent脉动电压pulsatingvoltage脉动电流pulsatingcurrent直流电压directvoltage直流电流directcurrent瞬时功率instantaneouspower有功功率activepower无功功率reactivepower有功电流activecurrent无功电流reactivecurrent功率因数powerfactor中性点neutralpoint相序sequentialorderofthephase电气元件electricaldevice接线端子terminal电极electrode地earth接地电路earthedcircuit接地电阻resistanceofanearthedconductor绝缘子insulator绝缘套管insulatingbushing母线busbar线圈coil螺纹管solenoid绕组winding电阻器resistor电感器inductor电容器capacitor继电器relay电能转换器electricenergytransducer电机electricmachine发电机generator电动机motor变压器transformer变流器converter变频器frequencyconverter整流器rectifier逆变器inverter传感器sensor耦合器electriccoupling放大器amplifier振荡器oscillator滤波器filter半导体器件semiconductor光电器件photoelectricdevice触头contact开关设备switchgear控制设备controlgear闭合电路closedcircuit断开电路opencircuit通断switching联结connection串联seriesconnection并联parallelconnection星形联结starconnection三角形联结deltaconnection主电路maincircuit辅助电路auxiliarycircuit控制电路controlcircuit信号电路signalcircuit保护电路protectivecircuit换接changeovercircuit换向commutation输入功率inputpower输入input输出output  负载load加载toload充电tocharge放电todischarge有载运行onloadoperation空载运行noloadoperation开路运行opencircuitoperation短路运行shortcircuitoperation满载fullload效率efficiency损耗loss过电压overvoltage过电流overcurrent欠电压undervoltage特性characteristic绝缘物insulant隔离toisolate绝缘insulation绝缘电阻insulationresistance品质因数qualityfactor泄漏电流leakagecurrent闪烙flashover短路shortcircuit噪声noise极限值limitingvalue额定值ratedvalue额定rating环境条件environmentcondition使用条件servicecondition工况operatingcondition额定工况ratedcondition负载比dutyratio绝缘比insulationratio介质试验dielectrictest常规试验routinetest抽样试验samplingtest验收试验acceptancetest投运试验commissioningtest维护试验maintenancetest加速accelerating特性曲线characteristic额定电压ratedvoltage额定电流ratedcurrent额定频率ratedfrequency温升temperaturerise温度系数temperaturecoefficient端电压terminalvoltage短路电流shortcircuitcurrent可靠性reliability有效性availability耐久性durability维修maintenance维护preventivemaintenance工作时间operatingtime待命时间standbytime修复时间repairtime寿命life使用寿命usefullife平均寿命meanlife耐久性试验endurancetest寿命试验lifetest可靠性测定试验reliabilitydeterminationtest现场可靠性试验fieldreliabilitytest加速试验acceleratedtest安全性failsafe应力stress强度strength试验数据testdata现场数据fielddata电触头electricalcontact主触头maincontact击穿breakdown耐电压proofvoltage放电electricaldischarge透气性airpermeability电线电缆electricwireandcable电力电缆powercable通信电缆telecommunicationcable油浸式变压器oilimmersedtypetransformer干式变压器drytypetransformer自耦变压器autotransformer有载调压变压器transformerfittedwithOLTC空载电流nonloadcurrent阻抗电压impedancevoltage电抗电压reactancevoltage电阻电压resistancevoltage分接tapping配电电器distributingapparatus控制电器controlapparatus开关switch熔断器fuse断路器circuitbreaker控制器controller接触器contactor机械寿命mechanicalendurance电气寿命electricalendurance旋转电机electricalrotatingmachine直流电机directcurrentmachine交流电机alternatingcurrentmachine同步电机synchronousmachine异步电机asynchronousmachine感应电机inductionmachine励磁机exciter饱和特性saturationcharacteristic开路特性opencircuitcharacteristic负载特性loadcharacteristic短路特性shortcircuitcharacteristic额定转矩ratedloadtorque规定的最初起动转矩specifiesbreakawaytorque交流电动机的最初起动电流breakawaystartingcurrentifanac同步转速synchronousspeed转差率slip短路比shortcircuitratio同步系数synchronouscoefficient空载noload系统system触电电击electricblock正常状态normalcondition接触电压touchvoltage跨步电压stepvoltage对地电压voltagetoearth触电电流shockcurrent残余电流residualcurrent安全阻抗safetyimpedance安全距离safetydistance安全标志safetymarking安全色safetycolor中性点有效接地系统systemwitheffectivelyearthedneutral检修接地inspectionearthing工作接地workingearthing保护接地protectiveearthing重复接地iterativeearth故障接地faultearthing过电压保护overvoltageprotection过电流保护overcurrentprotection断相保护openphaseprotection防尘dustprotected防溅protectedagainstsplashing防滴protectedagainstdroppingwater防浸水protectedagainsttheeffectsofimmersion过电流保护装置overcurrentprotectivedevice保护继电器protectiverelay接地开关earthingswitch漏电断路器residualcurrentcircuitbreaker灭弧装置arccontroldevice安全隔离变压器safetyisolatingtransformer避雷器surgeattesterlightningarrester保护电容器capacitorforvoltageprotection安全开关safetyswitch限流电路limitedcurrentcircuit振动vibration腐蚀corrosion点腐蚀spotcorrosion金属腐蚀corrosionofmetals化学腐蚀chemicalcorrosion贮存storage贮存条件storagecondition运输条件transportationcondition空载最大加速度maximumbaretableacceletation电力金具悬垂线夹suspensionclamp耐张线夹strainclamp挂环link挂板clevis球头挂环balleye球头挂钩ballhookU型挂环shackleU型挂钩Ubolt联板yokeplate牵引板towingplate挂钩hook吊架hanger调整板adjustingplate花篮螺栓turnbuckle接续管splicingsleeve补修管repairsleeve调线线夹jumperclamp防振锤damper均压环gradingring屏蔽环shieldingring间隔棒spacer重锤counterweight线卡子guyclip心形环thimble设备线夹terminalconnectorT形线夹Tconnector硬母线固定金具busbarsupport母线间隔垫busbarseparetor母线伸缩节busbarexpansion外光检查visualins振动试验vibrationtests老化试验ageingtests冲击动载荷试验impulseloadtests耐腐试验corrosionresistancetests棘轮扳手ratchetspanner专用扳手specialpurposespanner万向套筒扳手flexiblepliers可调钳adjustablepliers夹线器conductorholder电缆剪cablecutter卡线钳conductorclamp单卡头singleclamp双卡头doubleclamp安全帽safetyhelmet安全带safetybelt绝缘手套insulatingglove绝缘靴insulatingboots护目镜protectionspectacles缝焊机seamweldingmachine  

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