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首页 必修4 Unit1 Women of achievement知识点讲解

必修4 Unit1 Women of achievement知识点讲解.doc

必修4 Unit1 Women of achievement知…

jiang代玲
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《必修4 Unit1 Women of achievement知识点讲解doc》,可适用于综合领域

必修UnitWomenofachievement知识点讲解Unit:Exercise据句意及所给单词首字母或汉语意思完成下列句子ComingtopinsuchanimportantexamisquiteanaTheshipisinnoctomakealongvoyageTheirbtowardsmeshowsthattheydonotlikemeHewasunderobythepoliceWe’dbettertaketimeandmoneyintocwhenmakingtheplanHeisalways(谦逊的)abouthissuccessGeniusis(灵感)andperspirationTheworkersareon(罢工)forhigherpayIwas(资助)bymyparentswhenIwasstudyingatcollegeWehavebeentoldtoshow(尊敬)foroureldersAsastudent,allherlifeis(奉献)herstudentsThissettlement(成立)inDoyou(了解)JackgettingarrestedYouneedwarmclothesto(保护)youagainstthecoldIwas(驱逐)theclubbecauseofbreakingtheruleThelostchildwasseen(闲逛)lastafternoonTom,thetopstudentofourclass,thinksstudyingisavery(值得的)workWiththeInternet,peoplecan(交流)eachothermucheasierHe(瞧不起)peoplewho’veneverbeentouniversityIknowthewriterwho(打算)workchildrenUnitachievementconditionbehaviorobservationconsiderationmodestinspirationstrikesupportedrespectdevotedtowasfoundedknowaboutprotectdrivenoutofwanderingoffworthwhilecommunicatewithlooksdownupononintendsfor重点词汇achieve【课文原句】Shehasachievedeverythingshewantedtodo…(P)【名师点拨】achievev意为“完成达到”,指经过长期努力而达到某目标、地位或标准等。其名词形式为achievement,意为“成就功绩”,asenseofachievement可指“成就感”。如:HehadfinallyachievedsuccessEvenasmallsuccessgivesyouasenseofachievementcondition【课文原句】Shehelpedimproveprisonconditionsandgaveprisonersworkandeducation(P)【名师点拨】condition意为“环境境况条件”时,是可数名词,常用复数形式conditions意为“状态状况”时,是不可数名词,beingoodcondition表示“处于良好的状态”,beoutofcondition表示“健康状况不佳”。如:WeshouldpaymoreattentiontothepoorlivingunderthebadconditionsTheastronautssoongotusedtotheconditionofweightlessnessMycarisoldbutingoodconditionHeisoverweightandoutofcondition【知识拓展】condition意为“条件”时,常用短语onconditionthat,表示“如果在……条件下”在美国英语中,也经常用undertheconditionthat。如:IwillcomeonconditionthatPeterisinvitedTheyagreedundertheconditionthatthematterbedealtwithquicklydevote【课文原句】ShedevotedallherlifetomedicalworkforChinesewomenandchildren(P)【名师点拨】devotevt意为“投入于献身”,其宾语后常与介词to搭配,to后接名词、代词或动名词。devote…to…意为“献身致力于”,指把自己、时间、精力等奉献给某种工作或事业。如:HehasdevotedhiswholelifetobenefitingmankindThegirl,towhomhewasdevoted,diedinatrafficaccidentbychanceadevoteone’slifeto献身于Asateacher,Iwilldevotemylifetoteaching作为老师,我愿意为教育而献身Whatwillyoudevoteyourlifeto你想为什么而献身YuanLongpingdevotedhislifetoChinaAgriculture袁隆平为中国的农业而献身bdevotetimetodoingsth花时间做NowadaysmoreandmoreyoungpeopledevotetoomuchtimetosurfingtheInternet如今,越来越多的年轻人花太多的时间来上网。ThetimeyoudevotetoEnglishistoolittleThatiswhyyoucan’tlearnEnglishWell你花在英语上的时间太少,那就是为什么你英语英语学好的原因cdevoteoneselfto专心致志于,也可说成bedevotedtoIfyoudevotedyourselftoEnglishstudy,yourEnglishwillbebetterandbetter如果你专心致志于英语学习,你的英语会越来越好dAdjdevoted忠诚的,恩爱的Dogsareverydevotedtotheirmasters狗非常忠诚于他们的主人Theyaredevotedhusbandandwife他们是恩爱夫妻。例句解析:ThetimehedevotedtoEnglishistooshortAstudyBstudiesCstudiedDstudying分析:此题乍一看不知如何下手,弄不清楚此题要考察什么。其实只要学会化繁为简,一切就迎刃而解。首先取其主句弄清要表达的意思,Thetimeistooshort然后再看从句,一看缺少成分,便知是定语从句。接着把time代进去,此句变成:Hedevotedthetimeto根据所学的固定短语,devotetimetodoingsth便知答案应该选D练习:翻译下面句子)爱迪生献身于科学事业)你应该花更多的时间来学英语)我没有看见他,因为我在专心致志地学习答案:)Edisondevotedallhislifetoscience)YoushoulddevotemoretimetostudyingEnglishIdidn’tseehimbecauseIdevotedmyselftostudyingbehave【课文原句】Janehasstudiedtheseanimalsformanyyearsandhelpedpeopleunderstandhowmuchtheybehavelikehumans(P)【名师点拨】behavevivt意为“举动举止行为表现”,如behavewellbadly等。其名词形式为behavior,指“行为态度举止”。如:TheparentsencouragedthechildrentobehavewellinfrontoftheguestsMycamerahasbeenbehavingwellsinceitwasrepairedEveryonepraisesthechildren'sgoodbehaviourworthwhile【课文原句】Buttheeveningmakesitallworthwhile(P)【名师点拨】worthwhileadj意为“值得做的值得出力的”,可作表语或定语。beworthwhiletododoingsth表示“值得做……”,在动词ing形式的结构中,worthwhile有时可以用来替代worth,特别是在表示“值得花时间”这一概念时。如:IthinkteachingschoolisalwaysaworthwhilejobThebookreferredtobytheprofessorisworthwhileworthreadingworthwhileaItisworthwhiletodosth值得做……事情ItisworthwhiletostudyhardandlearnEnglishwellbecausethatmeansyou’llhaveagoodjobinthefuture努力学好英语是是值得的,因为那就意味着在未来有一个好工作Itisworthwhiletogoabroadbecauseyoumakemoremoney到国外去是值得的,因为你可以赚更多的钱ItisheardthatfilmisnotverygoodIsitworthwhiletoseeit我听说那个电影不太好,值得去看吗ItisnotworthwhiletogivehimsomepresentsHeissoselfish不值得给他一些礼物,他那么自私Idon’tknowwhatitisworthwhiletodo我不知值得做什么b扩展:Beworthdoingsth值得做……Heisworthrespecting他值得尊敬Beworthyof值得做……,但加being动词的过去分词Heisworthyofbeingrespected他值得尊敬练习:翻译下面句子)长城值得去看)这本杂志值得读)学习IT是值得做的答案:)TheGreatWallisworthvisitingTheGreatWallisworthyofbeingvisited)ThismagazineisworthreadingThismagazineisworthyofbeingread)ItisworthwhiletostudyITobserve【课文原句】Janespentmanyyearsobservingandrecordingtheirdailyactivities(P)【名师点拨】observevt意为“观察观测遵守”,可用observesbdosth,observethat从句。其名词形式为observation。如:IobservedthemanwhomurderedtheboyentertheshopHeobservedthatweshouldprobablyhaverainMostinformationwascollectedbydirectobservationoftheanimals’behaviourargue【课文原句】Shehasarguedforthemtobeleftinthewildandnotusedforentertainmentoradvertisements(P)【名师点拨】argue作动词时,意为“争论争吵争辩”。arguefor意为“为……辩护”arguewithsbaboutoversth指“就某事和某人争论”argueagainst意为“据理反对争辩……”。如:ItisnousearguingfortheplanbecauseithasbeenrejectedWearealwaysarguingwitheachotheraboutmoneyFatherarguedfiercelyagainstanyincreaseinexpenditureforthechildren’sannualparty【知识拓展】argue的名词形式为argument,意为“争论争端论证”,常构成短语settleanargument指“解决争端”。carefor【课文原句】Itwasasmallbookexplaininghowtocutthedeathratefromhavingandcaringforbabiesbyfollowingsomerulesforkeepingbabiescleanandhealthy(P)【名师点拨】carefor可以表示lookafter的意思,意为“照顾照料”,且较正式也可表示“喜欢”的意思。如:HissoncaredforhimwhenhewasillInfact,Idon’treallycareforbasketball另外,在上面的句子中,explain意为“解释,说明”,后可接名词、代词、从句或whtodo作宾语,可用explainsthtosb或explaintosbsth。如:Willyouexplaintoushowwecanfinishtheworkassoonaspossible【知识拓展】careabout意为“介意在乎”,表示是否认为某事是重要的,某事是否引起了某人的兴趣或使其忧虑。最常用于疑问句或否定句中。about用在宾语前面,但是在连词前面一般省掉。Idon’tcareaboutyouropinionIdon’tcarewhetheritrainsI’mhappyintend【课文原句】Ilookedcarefullyatthetextandrealisedthatitwasintendedforwomenwholivedinthecountryside(P)【名师点拨】intendv意为“打算计划想要”。intendtodosth意为“想干某事”intend后也可以接动词ing形式或that从句。intendfor表示“原打算给某人准备让……干……”。如:IintendedtocometoyourhouselastnightbutitrainedIintendcomingtocomebacksoonHehadn’treallyintendedthattheyshouldbethereconcernaconcernthemselveswith关心,关注Yourparentsalwaysconcernthemselveswithyourstudy你的父母总是关心于你的学习Youshouldconcernyourselfwithnotonlyyourstudy,butalsoyourhealth你应该不仅仅关心你的学习,而且要关心你的健康Asateacher,Ialwaysconcernmyselfwitheducation作为老师,我总是关注教育Parentsalwaysconcernmorethemselveswiththeirownchildrenthanothers’children父母总是关心自己的孩子,而不是别人的孩子bConcerning=aboutThisisabookconcerningscience这是一本关于科技的书请翻译下面的句子:)你的父母总是关心你的学习)你应该不仅仅关心你的学习,也关心你的健康)作为老师,我总是关注教育)父母总是关心自己的孩子胜过别人的孩子Key)Yourparentsalwaysconcernthemselveswithyourstudy)Youshouldconcernyourselfwithnotonlyyourstudy,butalsoyourhealth)Asateacher,Ialwaysconcernmyselfwitheducation)Parentsalwaysconcernmorethemselveswiththeirownchildrenthanothers’childrenMusthavedoneHemusthavefinishedhishomeworkbecausehewaswatchingTV他准完成了作业,因为他正在看电视Itmusthaverainedlastnightbecausethegroundissowet昨天晚上准下雨了,因为现在地面那么湿Mikemusthavebeensadwhenhefailedtheexam麦克考试不及格的时候一定很伤心。(年高考北京春卷)IhavelostoneofmyglovesIitsomewhereAmustdropBmusthavedroppedCmustbedroppingDmusthavebeendropped例句分析:“我手套掉了一只”,根据第一句话,知道这件事情已经发生了,再看四个选项,皆有must再根据从句中的somewhere某地,可以判断出,应该考察must对过去情况的推测。而对过去情况的推测应选D。代入一试,联系上文,意思正确,即“我过去准把它丢在某地。练习:请翻译下面的句子:)昨天他非常高兴,他准有了一个好工作)地面很湿,昨天准下雨了Key:)YesterdayhewasverygladHemusthavegotagoodjob)ThegroundwasverywetItmusthaverainedlastnightstrikea使……想起什么Aratherworryingthoughtstruckme我突然有了一个很让人担心的想法Thefirstthingthatstruckmewasthefactthattherewerenootherwomenpresent我注意到的第一件事情是这一事实,没有其它的女人在场。IlookedaroundtheroomanditstruckmethatIwasprobablythepoorestpersonthere我四处看了一下房间,我注意到我也许是那里最穷的人Itstruckherthatlosingthecompanymightbetheleastofherworries她觉得,失去这家公司,也许她也并不忧愁Itstruckheroneday,whenshewaswalkinghomefromschool,thatshehadn'tthoughtaboutherweightforoveramonth有一天,她从学校向家走的时候,有一个多月,她没有考虑她的体重了练习:翻译下面的句子:)我突然有了一个好主意)我一下子明白了该如何解出这道题)我突然想到做这样一件危险的工作对一个妇女来说是多么困难Key:)Agoodideastruckme)Itsuddenlystruckmehowtosolvetheproblem)ItsuddenlystruckmehowdifficultitwasforawomantodosuchadangerousjobbhitShefellheavily,strikingherheadagainstthesideoftheboat她摔倒了,头重重地碰在船帮上。Asnowballstruckhimonthebackofthehead雪球砸在他的后脑勺上。Severalcarswerestruckbyfallingtrees正在倒下的树砸在了几辆车上练习:翻译下面的句子:)他打在她的脸上,打断了她的鼻子。)一块砖砸在了我的后脑勺上key)Hestruckheracrossthefaceandbrokehernose)Abrickstruckmeonthebackofmyhead部分倒装OnlywhenyoustudyhardcanyoulearnEnglishwell只有当你刻苦学习的时候,你才能把英语学好OnlywhenmyfatherleftdaredIgoin只有当我父亲离开的时候,我才敢进去Onlywhenyouarefriendlytome,willIbefriendlytoyou只有当你对我友好的时候,我才会对你友好Onlywhenthewarwasoverdidshefindherownmother只有当战争结束的时候,她才找到她自己的母亲OnlyafterIgrowupcanImarryamanthatIlove只有当我长在成人的时候,我才会嫁给一个我爱的人例句解析:OnlyafterreachedjointhearmyAhaveyouyoucanBhaveyoucanyouCyouhaveyoucanDyouhavecanyou分析:这是一个迷惑性极大的题,因为学生有误区,认为学了倒装之后,所有句子都倒装。其实,正确的认识是,只有主句倒装。因此,抓住after引导的是从句,便可首先排除A,B,剩下C,D,根据倒装,一下子就排除掉了。因此正确答案为D练习:)TheoldcouplehadbeenmarriedforyearsandneveroncewitheachotherAtheyhadquarreledBtheyhavequarreledChavetheyquarreledDhadtheyquarreled)IwouldnevercometothisrestaurantagainThefoodisterrible!ANoramIBNeitherwouldICSamewithmeDSodoI)Ifailedinthefinalexamlasttermandonlythentheimportanceofstudies(年重庆高考)AIrealizedBIhadrealizedChadIrealizedDdidIrealize)Onlywhenyouridentityhasbeenchecked,(上海)AyouareallowedinByouwillbeallowedinCwillyouallowinDwillyoubeallowedinKEYDCDD强调句型ItwasinthestreetthatImether是在街上我见到的她Wasitinthestreetthatyoumether你是在街上见到的她吗Wherewasitthatyoumether你是在哪儿见到的她ItisthisbookthatIcannotwaittobuy我迫不及待地要买的是这本书Isitthisbookthatyoucannotwaittobuy这是你迫不及待地要买的书吗Whatisitthatyoucannotwaittobuy你迫不及待地要买的是什么Itisherbeautyandgoodnaturethatleadhertofortune是美貌与好的性情使得她发财例句解析:Itiswhatyoudoratherthanwhatyousaymatters(天津)AthatBwhatCwhichDthis分析:此道题只要抓住what引导的句子相当于名词,便找到了问题的突破口。也可简化一下,把whatyousay去掉,便可看出这是考察强调句型,因此应选A)Ican’tquiterememberyoustarteddoingtheworkAthatitwaswhenBwhenitwasthatCwhenwasitthatDthatwasitwhen)YourwatchismissingIdon’tknowstoleitAthatitwaswhoBwhoitwasthatCwhowasitthatDthatwhowasitKeyBB主谓一致例句解析JimistheonlyoneofstudentswhotobepraisedAareBhavebeenCisDhasbeen分析:这道题要清楚who指代什么,这里是特殊情况,one有only修饰时,who指代theonlyone是单数,排除A,B,再根据意思,选C)ofthelandinthatdistrictcoveredwithtreesandgrass(上海)ATwofifthisBTwofifthareCTwofifthsisDTwofifthsare)Alltheemployeesexceptthemanagertoworkonlineathome(广东)AencourageBencouragesCisencouragedDareencouragedKeyCDThisgiftisintendedforyou热点语法主谓一致用法难点小结:一、集合名词作主语时的主谓一致。集合名词有family,team,group,party,class,public,club,crew,crowd,enemy,audience,company,committee,government,population等,当被看作一个整体时,表示单数意义,谓语动词用单数形式如果这些集合名词指其中的每个成员,表示复数意义,谓语动词则用复数形式。即谓语动词的单复数要与主语的含义相一致。如:Myclassisabigone,includingthirtyboysandthirtygirlsMyclassareworkinghardforthecomingexam有些集合名词作主语时,谓语只能用复数形式,如:people,thepolice,themilitary,mankind,cattle等。如:Thepolicearesearchingforthelostchild二、不定代词作主语时的主谓一致。不定代词anyone,anybody,anything,everyone,everybody,everything,someone,somebody,noone,nobody,nothing,each,theother等作主语时,谓语动词用单数。如:EverythinggoeswellwithmeEachofthestudentsinourclasshasanEnglishChinesedictionary三、“名词名词”作主语时的主谓一致。当表示同一人物或观点时,谓语动词用单数。如:Anovelistandplaywrightiscomingtoourschool这里表示“一位小说家兼剧作家”,是同一个人,所以谓语动词用单数。如果是Anovelistandaplaywright作主语,这时表示“一位小说家和一位剧作家”,是两个人,所以谓语动词用复数,该句应改为:Anovelistandaplaywrightarecomingtoourschool四、Theadj作主语时的主谓一致。当Theadj表示抽象的含义时,谓语动词用单数。如:Thebeautifulisthetrue当Theadj表示该类全体的含义时,谓语动词用复数。如:Therichshouldhelpthepoor

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必修4 Unit1 Women of achievement知识点讲解

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