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首页 2011户外知识第二季徒步穿越探险指南(2011 outdoor knowledge secon…

2011户外知识第二季徒步穿越探险指南(2011 outdoor knowledge second season Hiking Adventure Guide).doc

2011户外知识第二季徒步穿越探险指南(2011 outdoo…

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2018-09-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2011户外知识第二季徒步穿越探险指南(2011 outdoor knowledge second season Hiking Adventure Guide)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

户外知识第二季徒步穿越探险指南(outdoorknowledgesecondseasonHikingAdventureGuide)户外知识第二季徒步穿越探险指南(outdoorknowledgesecondseasonHikingAdventureGuide)Collectivecrossing(morethanpeople)isagoodopportunitytoshowteamspiritSuccess,happinessandsmoothcrossingdependontheeffortsofeveryoneinthecollectiveTeamspiritismoreimportant,especiallyinharshanddifficultcircumstancesPrompt:)it'simportanttoidentifyaleaderandgivehimconsiderablepower,democracyandconcentration)acleardivisionoflabor,suchas:open,broken,fire,camp)thenumbertotheattentionoftravelteam,teammateorsomeonetooeasytogetlostandcan'tfindunexpected)allequipmentandsuppliesshouldbescientificallyallocatedaccordingtothephysicalstrengthandgenderofeachpersonsothattheteamcanmaintainaconsistentspeed)ifsomeoneencountersaseriousinjury,thewholecrossingplanmustbestrained,allgiveuporsomepeopletakethewoundedtoretreatTwo,physicaldistributionshouldbecontrolledwellIngeneral,youcanrestforminuteshalfanhouronuphill,andminuteseveryhoursonthedownhillPrompt:)trytomaintainuniformspeed,masterrhythm,restandeataccordingtoplan)adjusttheplanaccordingtothephysicalconditiononyourway,andextendthecrossingtimeifnecessaryToavoidunnecessaryphysicalexcessiveoverdraftforaccidentlaterunforeseenmakephysicalleeway(three)directionproblemAsfaraspossible,collectmapsandrelevantinformationoftheactiveareabeforetraveling,andmakeapreliminaryunderstandingofthelargersteeringandobviousmarkersthatwillappearWhenthereisacontourmap,thepredeterminedlineanddirectionareanalyzed,suchas:crossingtheridgeafew,afterseveralYakou,roughlythealtitudeoftheriseandfallofthesituationThishelpstodeterminedirectioninadvancePrompt:)carryingtheaccuratecompassandelevationtable(someareasneed))carryandprotectmapsanddata)withsignalpenandplayingcards,inordertopreparetheroadmarkwhenlost)ifyouknowlittleinformationaboutthecrossingareaandtheconditionsarecomplicated,itisbettertogothroughtheroadorguidethelocalguide(four)waterproofproblemInrainyorrainyareas,especiallylongtimecrossing,suchasinadequatewaterproofpreparation,thewholeactivitywillencountergreattroubleSuchas:nodryclothescanbechanged,cameras,batteries,foodandotheritemswerewetdamageTherefore,beforetravel,dosomeunderstandingoftheclimateoftheactiveareas,andmakeappropriatepreparationsPrompt:)tentshouldchoosethreeseasonsorfourseasonsaccountsSpecialAlpinetentcannotbeused,professionalAlpinetentwindproofbetterwarmth,butwaterproofisnotgood)useabackpackorplasticclothtocoverthebackpack,evenifthebackpackhaswaterprooffunction)wrappingapackagewithaplasticbagorasealedbagbeforewrappingitintoabackpack,whichisbothwaterproofandconducivetotheclassificationofgoods)conditionalonthepreparedwaterproofunderwearcharge(waterproof,GoreTexmaterialscanbealsoprepared,butsomeumbrellas))waterproofmountaineeringshoesreadyforconditional,itcanbeusedforalongtime(waterproof,GoreTexmaterialscan)(five)drinkingwaterproblemInshortdistancecrossing,ifyouknowthedifficultyoffillingwater,youshouldbringenoughwatertodrink,aboutlitersperpersonperday(ifyoudon'tneedtomakeFBmeal)Longdistancecrossingcantakewaterfromthestreams,riversandHutangontheway,butthepollutionmustbeobserved,suchastheactivitiesofunmannedanimals,animalcarcasses,fecesandotherpollutantsnearthewaterWhenthereisalargeamountofsedimentinthewater,thewatershouldbedepositedformorethanminutesWheremanyareas,watershouldbeusedwhenthecontainerisopenedortransparent,inordertodiscoverifthereiswater,leechesPrompt:)drinkingwatershouldbeallocatedaccordingtoplaninwatershortageareasExceptforspecialconditions,neverdrinkwateruntilyoufindwater)watermustbeboiledafterboiling(boilforminutes)inthefield)conditionalfiltersandwaterpurificationtabletscanbeusedinsteadofheating(six)theproblemofmakingfireAtriptocarrymorethanonefire,suchaslighters(varioustypes),matches,flintetcIt'sbettertocarryacampingstove,gastankorfueltankPayattentiontowhetherthecampfireforbiddenareainthecampfire,orinadditiontotheneedtodoillegalsurvivalPreparesomefinedryfirewoodfire(slightlylessthanthechopsticks)ontheheapofstones,withagoodstovebottom,thenturnthefirewoodabovetheframethick,hardblowwiththemouthlitafire,youcanputintoaflameWhenitrainsorfirewoodiswet,canbesplitfromthemiddleofthedrywoodwood,cutfineafterkindling(whichneedmachetesorothertools)Prompt:)lookatthedirectionofthewind,don'tstackfireonthewindwardsideofthetent,andkeepacertaindistancefromthetent)leavewateranddebrisThefire,thefireextinguishedandmustcheckwhetherindeed(seven)campingproblemLookforsafe,safe,dry,flathighpitchedcampingPayattentiontothesurroundingenvironment,suchaswhethertherearerockfall,rollingstones,winddirection,whetherthereareanimalnests,beehivesandsoonTrynottocampontheriversideunlessit'sadryseason,andthewaterleveldoesn'tchangeThecampisnotclosetothewater,mosquitoesaremorePrompt:)whetherthereisdangerofcollapse,avalancheandmountaintorrentsaroundthecamp)itisbesttohavewatersourcesnearthecampandfacilitatewaterintake)ifyouneedtoconsiderthefireisnotinthevicinityoffirewood)rainyorrainyseason,accordingtotheterrain,payattentiontodigadrainageditcharoundthetent)payattentiontothewindresistanceofthetentwhenthewindislarge,andmakesuretorestafterdoingwell)beforesleeping,itisbesttoputvaluables,clothing,foodintotheaccount(ifthereisroomintheaccount),andprepareselfdefensetools(eight)wildlifeinthefieldTraveltocooloil,essentialoil,saffloweroilandotherdrugsLeggingscaneffectivelypreventtheattack,snakesandothercreaturesleechonthelegsThesnakeinfestedthelandreadytosnakePrompt:)encounterlargewildanimals(suchasbears,leopards,rhinos,etc)andavoidscreamingandrunningaroundThegeneralsituationofanimalwillnotattackahumanbeingunlessdisturbedandmistakenattackagainstAtthispoint,calmisprobablytheonlymagicweapon)theworldonlyafewsnakeswerebelligerentandattack,unlessyouaccidentallysteppedonit,maybeitwillbetheangerofselfdefense)ifyouarebittenbyavenomoussnake,youcan'ttellifitispoisonouswhenpoisonoussnakesaredealtwithBesidestheemergencytreatment,psychologicalstabilitywillincreaseyoursurvivalbyseveraltimes(nine)nutritionalsupplementThroughalongtimeinthefield,physicalexertion,perspiration,thebodyiseasytoappearthephenomenonofsaltloss,electrolyteimbalance,nutritionaldeficiencies,itwillseriouslyaffectthephysicalandhealth,sometimesdangerousTherefore,timelysupplementshouldbemadePrompt:)carryinghighcalorieandnutritiousfoodssuchasbeefjerkyandchocolateforarainyday)takevitaminsynthetictablets,onepilladay)toaddsalteveryday,eatsomefoodsuchassalt,mustardetc)fruitJanegranuleisagoodelectrolytebalancedrink(ofcourse,therearemanysimilargranules),usuallyinthekettleputsomeatanytimetoadd(ten)warmthproblemInmanyareas(suchasdesertsandmountains),thetemperaturedifferencebetweendayandnightislarge,andsomeofthemwillrisethroughtheelevation,andtherewillbealargetemperaturedifferenceinafewhours(thealtitudewillrise,thetemperaturewilldrop,degreeverticalM)It'snecessarytopayattentiontokeepingwarm,especiallyafteralotofsweatingandbeforesleepPrompt:)makeafullestimateofthepossibleminimumtemperatureinthearea,preparewarmclothingandchoosepropersleepingbags)whentheclothesarewetbyrainorsweat,thespeedofheatreleaseisamazing,anditshouldbereplacedwithdryunderwearassoonaspossibleUnderwearwithsweatfastdryingfabricsuchasCoolmaxcanbeusedundercertainconditions)morespecializedequipmentandknowledgeareneededinalpineregions(eleven)otherrelevantissues)climbingandfallingunlesscannotbut,ratheraroundwalkingmore,don'ttrytoclimbdownanddangerous,especiallyaloneandthroughloadingIfyouhavetoclimbdown,youshouldfirstunloadyourarms,emptyyourbody,thenhanguptheequipmentwitharopeorbelt)thebalanceinjeopardy(suchasviaasingleplankbridge,wading,cliffetc)shouldremembertopackthecheststrapandloosenthebelt,toensuretimelyandrapidlyunloadingandloseapawntosaveacastle)nightroad,exceptforspecialareas(suchasdesert),donotrisktakingthenightroadeasilyManylostroadsareintheconditionoflowvisibility,andthenightroadiseasytocausemistakesWhenyouhavetowalkthenightroad,theheadlightsarethebest,andtheflashlightwilltakeonehand,whichisnotconducivetobalanceprotection)wadinginthewaterdepthandwaterunderunknownsituationfirstnottowade,shouldtrytoexploreideasTrynottocarrythebeachshoesbarefootwading,becauseitiseasytoslipandhurt,butalsocarefulwaterstones,theyareoftenverysleek,accidentallyslippedInaddition,thewaterflowvelocityshouldbefullyestimatedbeforewading)allremainingvisibletrashshouldbetakenawayLongdistancecrossingshouldbecarriedoutatleastonthenondegradablegarbagebeltuntilthereisaunifiedgarbagedumpSogarbagebagshavetobetaken(twelve)commonequipmentThroughdifferentareas,differentdifficulties,differentlengthoftime,differentseasonalclimate,inthechoiceofequipmentisverydifferentSometimesimproperplanwillmakethecrossingtired,andsometimesbecauseofincompleteequipment,itisverydifficult,evenendangersafetyBeforetraveling,asfaraspossibletofullyunderstandtheactivitiesoftheregion,carefullyselectedequipmentandsuppliesshouldbeManyequipmentandsupplieshavedifferentbrandsandtypes,accordingtotheactualneedsandtheirownconditions,carefulchoiceHerearesomeofthemostcommonlyusedequipmentPublicequipment:Tents,cookingsupplies(cookingstoves,fuel,etc),asthecaseofcarryingropes,specialtools(machetes,axe,shovel,March)publicdrug(generalmedicine,emergencymedicine),tape,camplights,andotherspecialequipment(collectiveclimbingequipment,mountaineeringequipmentetc),publicfoodnutrition,elevationtable,compass,thermometer,mapPersonalequipmentBackpacks,sleepingbags,moistureproofpads,gloves,hats,clothes,sunglasses,headlights,kettle,personalhygiene,sunscreen,lipbalm,photographicequipment,telescope,notebook,pen,individualdrugs,lighters,matches,tableware,wettowels,slippersorsandals,personalfoodandothersundrygoods)ifthewatershortageareaforlongtimeactivities,weshouldlearnotherfieldwaterharvestingmethodsDiseasepreventionpreparationforhikingHikingforyoungpeopleandmiddleagedpeople,nodoubtcanenhancethephysique,butifyoudonotdoagoodjobhikingpreparationfordiseaseprevention,itmaybackfire,themainattentiontothefollowingpoints:antifatigueThekeytopreventionliesinthecorrectposture,thetwoisnotimpatient,threeistowalk,walkthepathanddonottaketheflatroad,eveniftheroaddoesnotgoflatcenter,butwalkingontheunevensideoftheroadfootbubbleIfIchoosethewrongorshoessteppostureispartofawalkingfootfeelpainorfrictionsense,inpostofficeofamedicaltapeorintheshoesofthecorrespondingpartswithapieceofsinglesidedadhesive,ingeneral,itcanpreventthebreakingofyearsNorthernhikingtobringsomelight,coldperformanceofgoodclothing,ifwalkinginthevastplainsofthenorth,windspeed,clothingshouldbeadjustedintimeSouthernhiking,summersummerrainthirsttonotoverdosthItisbettertoprepareapotofclearteabeforestarting,addsomesaltproperlyGreenteacanShengjinzhike,saltcanpreventexcessivebleedingcausedbysaltdeficiencyhotwaterfeettofatigueSixCarrysomecoldmedicine,sunstrokemedicineandtraumamedicine,preparationofaboxofalcoholsoaktomasson

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