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首页 特洛伊

特洛伊.doc

特洛伊

苏君韵
2018-09-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《特洛伊doc》,可适用于综合领域

特洛伊TheAppleofDiscordTheTrojanWarhasitsrootsinthemarriagebetweenPeleusandThetis,aseagoddessPeleusandThetishadnotinvitedEris,thegoddessofdiscord,totheirmarriageandtheoutragedgoddessstormedintotheweddingbanquetandthrewagoldenappleontothetableTheapplebelongedto,ErissaidwhoeverwasthefairestHera,Athena,andAphroditeeachreachedfortheappleZeusproclaimedthatParis,princeofTroyandthoughttobethemostbeautifulmanalive,wouldactasthejudgeHermeswenttoParis,andParisagreedtoactasthejudgeHerapromisedhimpower,Athenapromisedhimwealth,andAphroditepromisedthemostbeautifulwomanintheworldParischoseAphrodite,andshepromisedhimthatHelen,wifeofMenelaus,wouldbehiswifeParisthenpreparedtosetoffforSpartatocaptureHelenTwinprophetsCassandraandHelenustriedtopersuadehimagainstsuchaction,asdidhismother,HecubaButPariswouldnotlistenandhesetoffforSpartaInSparta,Menelaus,husbandofHelen,treatedParisasaroyalguestHowever,whenMenelausleftSpartatogotoafuneral,ParisabductedHelen(whoperhapswentwillingly)andalsocarriedoffmuchofMenelaus'wealthInTroy,HelenandParisweremarriedThisoccurredaroundBCGreekArmamentMenelaus,however,wasoutragedtofindthatParishadtakenHelenMenelausthencalleduponallofHelen'soldsuitors,asallofthesuitorshadmadeanoathlongagothattheywouldallbackHelen'shusbandtodefendherhonorManyofthesuitorsdidnotwishtogotowarOdysseuspretendedtobeinsanebutthistrickwasuncoveredbyPalamedesAchilles,thoughnotoneoftheprevioussuitors,wassoughtafterbecausetheseerCalchashadstatedthatTroywouldnotbetakenunlessAchilleswouldfightOneofthemostinterestingstoriesisofCinyras,kingofPaphos,inCyprus,whohadbeenasuitorofHelenHedidnotwishtogotowar,butpromisedAgamemnonfiftyshipsfortheGreekfleetTruetohisword,CinyrasdidsendfiftyshipsThefirstshipwascommandedbyhissonTheotherfortynine,however,weretoyclayships,withtinyclaysailorsTheydissembledsoonafterbeingplacedintheocean(Tripp,)TheGreekfleetassembled,underAgamemnon'sinspection,inAulisHowever,AgamemnoneitherkilledoneofDiana'ssacredstagsormadeacarelessboastEitherway,DianawasoutragedandshecalmedtheseassothatthefleetcouldnottakeoffTheseerCalchasproclaimedthatIphigenia,daughterofAgamemnon,mustbesacrificedbeforethefleetcouldsetsailThiswasdone,andtheGreekshipssetoffinsearchofTroyFindingTroyFindingTroyproveddifficult,however,andtheGreekfleetatfirstlandedinMysiaAccordingtoHerodotus,theGreekswereundertheimpressionthatHelenhadbeentakenbytheTeuthranians(Teucrians),andthoughtheTeuthraniansdeniedsuchallegations,theGreekslayedsiegetothecity(Herodotus,BkII)TheGreeksultimatelyprevailed,butsufferedheavycasualtiesatthehandsofTelephus,kingoftheTeuthranians,and,attheend,werestillwithoutHelenTelephus,inthecourseofthewar,waswoundedbyAchillesWithnowhereelsetoturn,theGreeksreturnedhomeTheTrojanWarmightnothavehappenedhadnotTelephusgonetoGreeceinthehopesofhavinghiswoundcuredTelephushadbeentoldbyanoraclethatonlythepersonwhowoundedhim(inthiscase,Achilles)couldcurehimAchillesassentedandTelephustoldtheGreekshowtogettoTroyEmbassytoPriamOdysseus,knownforhiseloquence,andMenelausweresentasambassadorstoPriamTheydemandedHelenandthestolentreasurebereturnedPriamrefused,andOdysseusandMenelausreturnedtotheGreekshipswiththeannouncementthatwarwasinevitableTheWarThefirstnineyearsofthewarconsistedofbothwarinTroyandwar。againsttheneighboringregionsTheGreeksrealizedthatTroywasbeingsuppliedbyitsneighboringkingdoms,soGreeksweresenttodefeattheseTheGreekswonmanyimportantbattlesandtheTrojanheroHectorfell,asareasdidtheTrojanallyPenthesileaHowever,theGreekscouldnotbreakdownthewallsofTroyAswellasdestroyingTrojaneconomy,thesebattleslettheGreeksgatheralargeamountofresourcesandotherspoilsofwar,includingwomenPatrocluswaskilledand,soonafter,AchilleswasfelledbyParisHelenus,sonofPriam,hadbeencapturedbyOdysseusAprophet,HelenustoldtheGreeksthatTroywouldnotfallunless:Pyrrhus,Achilles'son,foughtinthewar,ThebowandarrowsofHerculeswereusedbytheGreeksagainsttheTrojans,TheremainsofPelops,thefamousEleianhero,werebroughttoTroy,andThePalladium,astatueofAthena,wasstolenfromTroy(Tripp,)PhoenixpersuadedPyrrhustojointhewarPhilocteteshadthebowandarrowsofHercules,buthadbeenleftbytheGreekfleetinLemnosbecausehehadbeenbittenbyasnakeandhiswoundhadahorrendoussmellPhilocteteswasbitter,butwasfinallypersuadedtojointheGreeksTheremainsofPelopsweregotten,andOdysseusinfiltratedTrojandefensesandstolethePalladiumTheTrojanHorseStillseekingtogainentranceintoTroy,cleverOdysseus(somesaywiththeaidofAthena)orderedalargewoodenhorsetobebuiltItsinsidesweretobehollowsothatsoldierscouldhidewithinitOncethestatuehadbeenbuiltbytheartistEpeius,anumberoftheGreekwarriors,alongwithOdysseus,climbedinsideTherestoftheGreekfleetsailedaway,soastodeceivetheTrojansOneman,Sinon,wasleftbehindWhentheTrojanscametomarvelatthehugecreation,SinonpretendedtobeangrywiththeGreeks,statingthattheyhaddesertedhimHeassuredtheTrojansthatthewoodenhorsewassafeandwouldbringlucktotheTrojansOnlytwopeople,LaocoonandCassandra,spokeoutagainstthehorse,buttheywereignoredTheTrojanscelebratedwhattheythoughtwastheirvictory,anddraggedthewoodenhorseintoTroyThatnight,aftermostofTroywasasleeporinadrunkenstupor,SinonlettheGreekwarriorsoutfromthehorse,andtheyslaughteredtheTrojansPriamwaskilledashehuddledbyZeus'altarandCassandrawaspulledfromthestatueofAthenaandrapedAftertheWarAfterthewar,Polyxena,daughterofPriam,wassacrificedatthetombofAchillesandAstyanax,sonofHector,wasalsosacrificed,signifyingtheendofthewarAeneas,aTrojanprince,managedtoescapethedestructionofTroy,andVirgil'sAeneidtellsofhisflightfromTroyManysourcessaythatAeneaswastheonlyTrojanprincetosurvive,butthisstatementcontradictsthecommonstorythatAndromachewasmarriedtoHelenus,twinofCassandra,afterthewarMenelaus,whohadbeendeterminedtokillhisfaithlesswife,wassoontakenbyHelen'sbeautyandseductivenessthatheallowedhertoliveThesurvivingTrojanwomenweredividedamongtheGreekmenalongwiththeotherplunderTheGreeksthensetsailforhome,which,forsome,provedasdifficultandtookasmuchtimeastheTrojanWaritself

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