下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 [截拳道].bruce.lee's.jeet.kune.do

[截拳道].bruce.lee's.jeet.kune.do.pdf

[截拳道].bruce.lee's.jeet.kune.do

孩子ta爹
2012-09-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[截拳道].bruce.lee's.jeet.kune.dopdf》,可适用于体育/运动领域

THESCIENCEOFFOOTWORKTheJKDkeytodefeatinganyattackBy:TedWong"Theessenceoffightingistheartofmoving"BruceLeeBruceLeeEPaperIIPublishedbyTheWrongBrothersClickHeretoVisitourHomepageEmailwrongbrothersyahoocomJunFanJeetKuneDoTerminologyChineseNameEnglishTranslation)LeeJunFanBruceLee’sChineseName)JeetKuneDoWayoftheInterceptingFist)YuBay!Ready!)GinLaiSalute)BaiJongReadyPosition)KwoonSchoolorAcademy)SijoFounderofSystem(BruceLee))SigungYourInstructor’sInstructor)SifuYourInstructor)SihingYoursenior,olderbrother)SidaiYourjuniororyoungerbrother)SibakInstructor’ssenior)SisookInstructor’sjunior)TodaiStudent)ToesuenStudent’sStudent)PhonSaoTrappingHands)PaksaoSlappingHand)LopsaoPullingHand)JutsaoJerkingHand)JaosaoRunningHand)HuensaoCirclingHand)BoangsaoDeflectingHand(elbowup))FooksaoHorizontalDeflectingArm)MaunsaoInquisitiveHand(GumSao))GumsaoCovering,PressingHand,Forearm)TansaoPalmUpDeflectingHand)HapakLowSlap)OuyhapakOutsideLowSlapCover)LoyhapakInsideLowSlapCover)Hao’ousaoLowOutsideHookingHand)WoangpakHighCrossSlap)GoangsaoLowOuterWristBlock)HadaLowHit)JungdaMiddleHit)GodaHighHit)BilJeeThrustingfingers(fingerjab))JikchungchoiStraightBlast(BattlePunch))ChungchoiVerticalFist)GuachoiBackFist)PingchoiHorizontalFist)ChopchoiKnuckleFist)SaatKnee)JangElbow)KowTaoHeadButt)No’outekHookKick(RoundhouseKick))JuktekSideKick)HoutekBackKick)HoujuktekBackSideKick)JuentekSpinKick)DumtekFootStomp)GuatekInvertedHookKick)JeetTekStopKick)JiktekStraightKick)SotekSweepingKick)ChisaoStickyHandsExercise)TansaoPalmUpDeflectingHandOfthemanythingsmylateSifuBruceLeeimpresseduponme,themostimportantwastheneedtobefluidlymobileProbablythemostimportantcomponentinJFJKDisfootworkIronically,mostofthemartialartistsIseepracticingtoday,andthisisbynomeansaddressedonlytoamateursorbeginnersareneglectingtheirfootworkwhichisunfortunate,owingtothefactthatfootworkis,quitesimply,thescienceofmotionTome,themoreIlearnaboutJFJKD,themoreIseethescopeofjusthowimportantfootworktrulyisPleasedon’tthinkI’moverstatingthingswhenIsaythatfootworkis,inaword,"everything"inJFJKDTakeanotherlookatthequoteofBruceLee’sthatIopenedthisEPaperwith,Imeanreallythinkaboutit"Theessenceoffightingistheartofmoving,"andmovingisfootworkTheprinciplesofmovementformtheveryheartofcombatFootworkmeansmobility,andbeingmobileisstronglyemphasizedinBruceLee’sartThetwochiefthingsthatproperfootworkprovidesforthemartialartistisameansoffindingatargetandameanstoavoidbeingatargetItwillbeatanypunchorkickandgetyoutowhereyouwanttogowhetherinforastrikeorthehelloutofharm’swayBruceLeeoncesaidthatthefourcomponentsoffootworkconsistedof:Thesensitivityofyouropponent’saura,Alivenessandnaturalness,Instinctivepacing(distance),AbalancedpositionatthestartandfinishItshouldbeobviousthatyoucannotuseyourhandsorlegseffectivelyuntilyourfeethaveputyouintopositioninwhichyoucandoso,ifyouareslowonyourfeet,youwillbeslowwithyourpunchesandkicksGoodfootworkallowsyoutohitfromanyangleandalsotofollowupyourinitialattackwithmorepowerfulfinishingblowsFootwork,inshort,"getsyouthereandgetsyouout"AnotherimportanttoolinJFJKDislearninghowtocorrectlyjudgedistance,whichBruceLeereferredtoas"thefightingmeasure,"whichissimplyanotherwayofsaying,"distance"It’sveryimportanttoknowtojudgedistancebecausedistanceistherelationshipbetweenyouandyouropponentItalldependsonthelengthonthedistanceyouneedtobridgeorclosebetweenyouandyouropponentandalsoyouropponent’sreactionspeedBruce’smainemphasiswasalwaysfootworkHetoldmethat"Goodfootworkcanbeatanyattack"Andheusedtohavemedrillconstantlyonfootwork,inanefforttogetmetoimprovemybalanceHewantedmetobeabletoglideinandout,throwingtechniquesfromallanglesaftercomingintovariousrangesthroughfootworkAnd,ofcourse,heemphasizedtheavoidingofattacksthroughfootworkWithoutfootwork,youcannotcompletethetaskoffightingwithanydegreeofefficiencyFootworkispurposefulmovementManypeoplethinkoffootworkassomesortofbouncingmovement,buttheonethingBruceLeestressedtoallofhisstudentswasnevertomoveforthesakeofmoving,andnottobouncesimplyforthesakeofbouncingBrucedidn’tbouncearoundmuchwhenhewassparringhewasverycontrolledandmotionless,untilhesawanopeningAndbythenyouwereflatonyourbackEverymoveyoumakeshouldbepurposefulitshouldbedonetoeitherdeliverahit,tomoveintopositiontodeliverahit,ortomoveoutoftherangeofbeingonthereceivingendofyouropponent’shitThekeytosuccessinfootworkistokeepitsimpleIfyouaimtowardsimplification,ratherthancomplexorintricatefootpatterns,whichmoreresembledancepatternsthanefficiency,yourfootworkwillbesmooth,directandefficientIfyouuseeconomyofmotion,youwillalwaysberelaxed,whichiscrucialtoyourreactiontimeandtothespeedofyourattacks,defensesandcounterattacksAnothergreatbenefittoproperJFJKDfootworkisthefactthatitprovidesyouwithameansbywhichyoucanemploytheforceofinertia,which,properlyapplied,cantremendouslyboostyourpunchingkickingpowerThesearesomeofthereasonsthatfootworkseemstomesoimportantFootworkalsoservestoenhanceyourbodyalignment,whichmakesyourleveragemorefavorableandyourstrikesmoredevastatingAnotheraspectofcombatthatisenhancedbyproperfootworkisspeedImeanfootworkiswhatgetsyoutheretodeliveryourtechnique,andoutofthere,beforeyouropponentcandeliverhisFootworkisnotonlyusedtodelivertechniquesoravoidtechniques,butalsotosetuptechniquesIt’spartofstrategy,aformofPIA(ProgressiveIndirectAttack)Itcanlureyouropponentintoatrap,allowyoutogaintheproperfightingmeasureandalsobridgethegaptoyouropponentGoodfootworkaccomplishesallofthesethingsIlikengoodfootworktooperatingafourwheeldriveMostpeopleonlyutilizeatwowheeldrivethatis,they’relimitedastowhattechniquestheycanthrowbecausethey’rereallyonlycomfortableintheirtwowheeldrivemodeHowever,onceyoulearnontheoptionsthatavailthemselvestoyouwithincreasedmobility,yourealizethatfootworkisanoptionproviderWhilesomepeoplemistakenlyconsidertobemerelybouncingaroundlikeMuhammadAliorSugarRayLeonard,othersequallyasmistaken,thinkoffootworkassimplysomethingthatmovesyouintohityouropponent,withoutrealizingthatit’sjustasimportantinpreventingyouropponentfromhittingyouInThaiBoxing,forexample,youseealotof"giveandtake",whereinonefighterwillwhackhisopponentandthenstaythereandgethitbackbyhisopponentSuchbackandforthexchangesarecommonplace,andquiteoftenthewinneristheonewiththehighestpainthresholdInJFJKD,however,thebottomlineistohityouropponent,andnotgethitbackJFJKDteachesonehowtobeathinkingfighterAsmartfighterNobodyshouldopttogethitparticularlywhenyoucansubstantiallyreducethechancesofthathappeningbyemployingproperfootworkThefourbasictypesoffootworkBasicallythereareonlyfourtypesoffootwork,therestsbeingsimplyvariationsonthesefourThefourbasictypesoffootworkareadvancing,retreating,circleleftandcirclerightIncidentally,"circling,"asIusethetermhere,means,"sidestepping"FirstthingsfirstStance(OnGuardPosition)AllfootworkisinitiatedformtheOnGuardPositionwhichisalsoknownasthe"ReadyPosition"TheOnGuardisthemostversatileofstancesbecauseitallowsyoutobereadyforallthings,attackordefenseinstantlyIt’sagearedpositionthatisgearedformobilityYouhavetofeelverycomfortableintheOnGuardIfyou’renotcomfortableintheOnGuardPositionthenthereissomethingwrongYouhavetofeelcomfortableatalltimessothatyouareabletoreactinstantlyIfyouaretense,thatisnotcomfortable,you’renotabletoreactquicklyYouneedtobesorelaxedthatwhateverhappens,yourespondtoitinstantaneously,whetheritbetheneedtoimmediatelyadvance,retreatorsidestepanattackThat’swhytheOnGuardPositionhasbeencalledthe"AnchorofJFJKD",foralltechniquesflowfromitTheOnGuardisthebestwaytomovestraightback,forwardortothesideYou’renotovercommittedonewayortheotherTheOnGuardplacesyourstrongestsideforward,which,inJFJKDistypicallyyourrightside,withyourstrongesthandliftedupsothatyourfistisinlinewithyourshoulderYourchinandshouldershouldmeetabouthalfway,withtherightshoulderraisedaninchortwoandthechindroppedaboutthesamedistanceTherightsideofyourchinshouldbetuckedintoyourleadshoulderYourlefthandisalsoinclose,toprotectyourmidsectionYourrighthandisyourattackweaponsoitshouldcockedandreadytofireTherightshoulderisslightlyraisedandyourchinslightlyloweredinordertoprotectyourchinandjawfromstrikesTherightkneeisturnedslightlytodefendyourgroinareaandyourrightfootshouldberotatedinroughlydegreessothat,ifnecessary,youcanemployitasakickingweaponYourleftfootshouldbeangledatapproximatelydegreesTheheelisraisedbecauseitisyoursparkplug,readytoigniteyouforward,backwardorsideways,anddependingwhateverbesetsyouYourstanceshouldbelikeacarwithitsengineidlingyou’rereadytogo,withasmuchpowerasyouneed,assoonasyouengagethetransmission,whichinthiscase,isyourlegsandhipsNowthatyou’rereadytomove,let’slookatsomeofyouroptionsCorrectOnGuardPositionTooWideTooNarrowADVANCING:StepSlideTheStepSlideisusedprimarilyasaGapBridgerItisnotutilizedtypicallytoexecuteanoffensivetechniqueHowever,itisveryeffectiveingaugingandobtainingcorrectdistancefromwhichtolaunchastrikeYoutakeastepforwardandyourrearfoot(left)slidesuptowheretherightfootwasTypicallyyourstepforwarddoesnotexceedsixinches,whichmeansthatyourrearfoottravelsamaximumofsixinchesaswellTheweightdistributioninthestartandfinishpositionis,withbeingonyourrightorleadfootandonyourleftorrearfootHowever,duringthemovement,allyourbodyweightismovingforwardonyourrightfootinitiallyandthenofitsettleontherearlegwhenthemovementiscompletedIfyoupushoffharder,youwillnoticethatittothefrontlegquicklybutthisisonlymomentaryYoushouldbeabletocontroltheweightdistributionandbeinperfectbalanceatalltimesPushStepThePushStepisusedprimarilyforbridgingthegaptotheopponentThePushStepisveryeffectivewhenemployedwithPIA(ProgressiveIndirectAttack)Youcanfakewiththehand,forexample,andthenmoverightininstantlywhentheopeningpresentsitselfThePushStepisreallytheonlytypeoffootworkthatworkswellforefficientpunchingAStepSlide,forexample,wouldprovetobeinefficientfordeliveringapunchbecause,bythetimeyoustepandslide,itwouldbetoolatePunchinginJFJKDoccursinonefluidmotionFootworkalwayscomesafterthepunchisinitiated,thehandmovesfirstandthenthefeetEveninevadingablow,thebodyshouldmovebeforethefeetIfsomeonewere,forexample,comingtodeliverapunchtomyface,Iwouldavoidtheblowwithmybodyandthenemployfootworktopositionmeeitherfurtheroutofharm’sway,ortodeliveracounterstrikeShuffleStepTheShuffleStepismorelikeapullingmovement,thanasteppingmovementRegardless,it’saquickmovementIt’sonemotion,whereastheStepSlideisatwopartmotionAllofthetorquecomesfromthetoesandtheballsofthefeetWhilethefrontfootlooksasthoughit’sflatonthefloor,itisn’tMostoftheweightisontheballofthefootandthetoesIt’slessapushthanapullingmovement,asyoupushwiththerearlegwhilepullingsimultaneouslywithyourleadlegIt’salmostlikeyou’retryingtograbaclumpofearthandthrowitbacktoyourrearleg,that’sthetypeoftensionthatshouldbeinyourfeetandthecorrectmotionyourleadlegneedstoassumetoperformthismovementcorrectlyAtthebeginningofthemovementit’sverysubtleandit’shardfortheuntrainedeyetoseeitHowever,whileitmaybeadelicate,deceptivemotion,it’stremendouslypowerfulandefficient,allowingyoutothrowyourbodyweightinstantlybehindatechniqueEventhoughI’mmoving,itappearsasthoughtherehasbeennobodyweightshiftatallI’mnotmovingandyetI’mmovingOrasBruceLeeoncesaid:"ThestillnessinstillnessisnottherealstillnessOnlywhenthereisstillnessinmotion,doestheuniversalrhythmmanifest"BruceLeeTheBurst(aka:TheShuffleStep)TheBurstisalsoapushpullmovementItisusedforaquickadvance,forkickingandforpunchingTheBurstisusedprimarilytodeliveradevastatingkicksuchasasidekick,ortocounteranopponent’sattackThat’swhyfootworkisnotjustfor"transition"betweentechniques,butalsothedeliverysystemthatallowsyoutoexecuteyourtechniquesproperlyAnyProperlyexecutedkickorpunchcomesoffthefootworkRETREATING:Therearemanyformsofretreatingasthereareadvances,techniquessuchastheShuffleorStepSlide,canalsobeusedasretreatingtacticsHowever,I’llfocusononeretreatingtechniquethatdiffersfromtheothersinasmuchasit’snotsimplythereverseoftheadvancingtechniquesasoutlinedaboveThePendulumStepThePendulumStepisusedprimarilytoavoidanattackFromtheOnGuardposition,theleadlegisquicklydrawnbacktowhereyourrearlegis,whilesimultaneouslywithdrawingyourrearlegbackwardsTheentireweightofyourbodyshouldberestingontheleadlegatthispoint,withtherearfootbarelytouchingthegroundforcounterbalancepurposesAssoonasthishappens,youhaveanoptiontoeithermaintaintheOnGuardfromthisnewvantagepoint,safelyoutofharm’swayortoimmediatelyreversethemovement,withtherearfootmovingbacktoitsformerpositionandtheleadlegbecominganoffensiveweaponofattackbyreturningfireIfyouwatchthefirstmovementthatBruceLeedoesinEntertheDragon,it’sapendulumstepbackwardoutofthewayofSamoHung’sattemptedshinkickIfyouwatchBrucefightagainstBobBakerinTheChineseConnection,youwillseethependulumstepemployedasameansofavoidinganattackandlaunchingacounterkickingattackSIDESTEPPING:"Sidestepping,"BruceLeeoncesaid,"isshiftingtheweightandchangingthefeetwithoutdisturbingbalance"SidesteppingservesmanypurposesItcanbeusedtofrustrateanattacksimplybymovingeverytimeanopponentgets"set"toattackItmaybeusedasamethodofavoidingblowsorkicksItmaybeusedtocreateopeningsforacounterattackInsidestepping,theruleofthumbisthatifyou’regoingtomovetotheleft,yourleftfootshouldmovefirstwhich,ifyou’reintheOnGuardpositionwithyourrightsideforward,wouldbeyourrearlegThen,onceyourrearleghasmovedintopositionanywherefromtoinchesoftravel,thenyourrightorleadlegmovesovertoinchesaswellThesamesequenceapplieswhensidesteppingright,onlytherightorleadlegmovesfirst,withtherearlegfollowinginalateralmotionThekeyistomaintainperfectbalanceatalltimesSidestepLeftFromtheOnGuardposition,moveyourleftrearfoottotheleftroughlyinchesThenslidetheleadfoot(rightfoot)anequaldistancetotheleft,allthewhilemaintainingtheOnGuardpositionSidesteprightFromtheOnGuardposition,moveyourrightleadfoottotherightroughlyinchesThenslidetherearfoot(leftfoot)anequaldistancetotheright,allthewhilemaintainingtheOnGuardpositionPeopleshouldpracticethesidesteppingmotionontheirowninordertomasteritInfact,practiceisthe"secret,"ifyou’dcaretocallitthat,ofsuccess,notonlyinJFJKD,butalsoinanyothermartialartIremembercomingtoBruceLee’shouseandseeinghimpracticeHewasconstantlypracticingHewouldpracticeforhoursonendHewouldpracticemovingandstrikingwithhishands,andthenmovingandstrikingwithhisfeetandthenjustmovingsothathebecamemoreandmorecomfortableandfamiliarwithwhathecoulddoandhowhecouldmaneuveratdifferentanglesandatvaryingspeedsanddistancesIpersonallyhavebeenpracticingasbestIcanwhatBrucetaughtmesince,whichmeansthatI’mfastcominguponyearsoftraininginJFJKDSomethingsI’vebecomequitegoodat,whileothersIstillneedmoreworkonHowever,IwillsaythatIamamuchbettermartialartistnowthanIwasbackwhenBrucewasteachingme,simplybecauseI’vehadsomanymoreyearsofpracticeLikeBrucesaid,"Likeboxingorfencing,JKDisastepbystepprocessinwhicheachmaneuvermustberepeatedmanytimes"AnotherimportantaspectoftrainingthatBruceLeeemphasizedtomewas:"qualitynotquantity"Hesaid:"It’sbettertoknowhowtothrowreallygoodpunches,thanLOUSYonesSoeverytimeyouthrowapunch,putpercentintoit"Brucealwaysstressedemotionalcontentorintensityintheexecutionofone’stechniquesLearntoreactnotplanLetitflowfromwithinPersonally,IhadarealproblemwiththisinmyearlyyearsoftrainingwithBruceOftenhewouldlookatmeandsay"Ted,youlackakillerinstinct,"meaningthatIwasn’tabletosummonenoughpureangerorviolentenergyfromwithinwhenIperformedmytechniquesI’velearnedhoweverthat"killerinstinct"ishardtoswitchonorofflikealightswitch,itislargelyasituationalreactiontoyoucircumstancesBasedonthedegreeofselfknowledgeI’veobtained,thankstoBruceLee’steachings,IknownowthatIdopossess"killerinstinct"inabundanceAndthatshouldIeverneedit,it’sthereThekeyistomaintainaclearmindthatisunobstructedbythoughtsorconcernsYourreactionmustbepureandhonestand,Iftheintentisexpressedhonestly,youropponentwillbeinserioustroubleSinceI’vebeenabletomakemyfootworkmoreefficientthroughconstantpractice,I’vefoundtomydelightthatI’mabletomovejustasquickasIcouldwhenIwasyounger,andprobablyhitalitt

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/13

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利