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雅思核心词汇.ppt

雅思核心词汇.ppt

上传者: 187*****460@sina.cn 2012-09-11 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《雅思核心词汇ppt》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含雅思核心词汇雅思核心词汇主讲:张宝硕noszhangieltscomnoszhangcomfamineswampponderouscatastrop符等。

雅思核心词汇雅思核心词汇主讲:张宝硕noszhangieltscomnoszhangcomfamineswampponderouscatastrophenovelrenovateinnovateThereisadangerthatthediseasemayrecur“cur”car元音字母变化规律元音字母变化规律aeioubeginbeganbegunsidsitsidsitpresidepri‘zaidpresident'prezidəntn总统辅音字母变化规律辅音字母变化规律tdsrlnuvwbpmftenttendtensactactactivate'æktiveitvt刺激使活动transactiontræn‘zækʃənn交易办理Arecordiskeptofallthefirm'stransactionsagitation,ædʒi'teiʃən–agitateagitatorn搅动激动煽动agendaə'dʒendən议事日程exaggerateiɡ‘zædʒəreitvt使扩大使增大,夸大,夸张agony‘æɡənin苦恼极大的痛苦HeexaggeratedtheimportanceoftheeventTheywentthroughtheagoniesofwarandfaminealter'ɔ:ltəvtvi改变更改alternate'ɔ:ltəneitadj轮流的,交替的vtvi(使)交替,(使)轮换exchangeiks'tʃeindʒvt交换交易兑换Accordingtotheweatherforecast,therewillbeaweekofalternaterainandsunshineambiguousæm'biɡjuəsadj模糊不清的引起歧义的annually'ænjuəliadv每年一年一次amateur‘æmətən业余爱好者外行adj业余的外行的Thelanguageintheminister'sstatementishighlyambiguousAmorCupidMarsbandbandbanbænn禁令禁忌vt禁止取缔abandonə'bændənvt遗弃放弃bandage‘bændidʒn绷带boundbaundadj有义务的受约束的abundanceə'bʌndənsn充裕丰富abundantə‘bʌndəntadj丰富的充裕的redundantri‘dʌndəntadj多余的过剩的Thecountryisabundantinnaturalresourcestheremovalofredundantinformationbatbatbattery'bætərin电池蓄电池combatˈkɔmbətn战斗,格斗,斗争vt与…战斗,与…斗争debatedi‘beitvt辩论争论讨论comconsummerwinterwindowbarbarbarrier‘bæriən栅栏,关卡障碍,隔阂Theysoonovercamethelanguagebarrierceiveceptceiveceptconceivekən‘si:vvtvi想出,构想,设想怀孕conceptionkən'sepʃənn思想,观念,概念构想,设想怀孕Whofirstconceivedtheideaofbuildingnuclearpowerplantsperceptionpə'sepʃənn感知(能力)觉察(力),认识,观念,看法susceptiblesə‘septəbladj易受影响的children'sperceptionsoftheworldWeareallsusceptibletoadvertisingcapcipcupcapcipcupincapablein'keipəbladj无能力的不能胜任的captive'kæptivadj被俘虏的被迷住的capacitykə‘pæsitin能力容量Thenationalstadium,nicknamedasBird’sNest,hasaseatingcapacityof,DoyouhaveagreatcapacityforlearningEnglishWeallhavetheabilitytothinkScientistshavethecapabilityofthinkinginacreativewayparticipantpɑ:‘tisipəntparticipateadj参与的n参与者occupy‘ɔkjupaioccupationvt占据占领居住使忙碌escapeParticipatingismoreimportantthanwinningThereisanoldsayinginChinathatgoeslikethis,itiseasiertoparticipateeachother’ssufferingsthanparticipateinprofits共苦容易同甘难。cesscessaccess'æksesn进入使用权通路accessoryək‘sesərin配件附件从犯excessik'sesn超额过度过量无节制excessiveik'sesivadj过多的极度的过分的recessionri‘seʃənn衰退不景气后退unceasing,ʌn‘si:siŋadj不断的不停的TherearerareinstanceswhenjusticealmostceasestobeanabstractconceptceasecessAllthestudentsinourschoolhavefreeaccesstothelibraryTraditionalChinesedoctorsbelievethatexcessesshortenone’slifeThatisonereasonwhymostancientChineseemperorslivedashortlifetheyhad,wivesExcessivedrinkingisharmfultohealthHisfactorycloseddownduringtheperiodofeconomicrecessionconcedekən'si:dvt承认退让concessionkən'seʃənn让步特许(权)承认退位precedepri:'si:dvtvi在…之前,先于Iconcedethatmarriageisabasichumanrighthowever,inmyviewgaymarriageshouldn’tbeapprovedIconcedethatOneChildPolicyhassomedisadvantageshowever,howelsecanwecontrolthepopulationGeorgeBushprecededObamaasthepresidentoftheUSAcordrecordcordrecordaccordə'kɔ:dn符合一致协议自愿vt使一致给予vi符合一致ThemayorwilltrytoaccordthecontroversyoverthehousingschemeHisaccountoftheincidentaccordswithyourscerncerndiscerndi‘sə:nvt分辨识别领悟认识discriminatedis'krimineitcriminalvtvi歧视区别辨别ItiseasytodiscernbetweenfactandrumorArecentpieceofnewsconcernsLuoJing,afamousCCTVnewscaster,whodiedofcancercountcountaccountə'kauntn帐户解释vi解释quantity'kwɔntitin量数量qualityˈkwɔlitin质,质量highqualityqualify‘kwɔlifaivt限制使具有资格qualification,kwɔlifi‘keiʃənn资格条件限制HecouldnotaccountforhisabsencefromschoolAfroAmericansaccountforoftheUSpopulationShepassedherqualificationfortheOlympicgymnasticcompetitionTheyacceptedmyplanwithoutqualificationsofanykindreckon'rekənvt测算估计认为reckless'reklisadj鲁莽的不顾后果的粗心大意的Hisrecentnovelisreckonedastheworstoftheyearestimate‘estimeitvt估计esteemi'sti:mvt尊敬认为考虑估价ThemedicarecostisestimatedtobeonebilliondollarsNoonecanesteemyoumorethanIdoesteemesteemmidc,fromMFr"onewhocutscopper,"iemintsmoneyAtfirstusedaswewouldnowuseestimatesenseof"value,respect"issTheworldwon’tcareaboutyourselfesteemTheworldwillexpectyoutoaccomplishsomethingbeforeyoufeelgoodaboutyourself这世界并不会在意你的自尊。这世界指望你在自我感觉良好之前先要有所成就。curcuraccurate'ækjurətadj精确的securesi‘kjuəadj安全的vt保护charity'tʃærətin慈善慈善团体cherish‘tʃeriʃvt珍爱PolicebelieveDerekgaveareasonablyaccurateaccountofwhathappenedSomemeasuresareneededtosecurethefarmlandagainstshiftingsandHesecuredapositioninastoreatUS$aweekcidcascidcascoincide,kəuin'saidvi一致符合同时发生coincidencekəu'insidənsn巧合一致同时发生casualty‘kæʒjuəltin意外事故伤亡人员MyholidaycoincideswithJohn'sOuropinionsdidnotcoincideonthiscaseWhileaslightmajoritybelievetheIraqwarcontributedtothelongtermsecurityoftheUnitedStates,percentofAmericansthinkthesegainshavecomeatan"unacceptable"costinmilitarycasualties,thepollshowschronCronusZeuschronCronusZeuschronic‘krɔnikadj慢性的长期的ShehasdevelopedachroniccoughTheeconomyflourishesdespiteafairlyhighrateofchronicunemploymentflowercirccirccircus'sə:kəsn马戏马戏团circulation,sə:kju'leiʃəncirculaten流通传播循环发行量ManyforgednotesareincirculationThispaperhasacirculationofmorethanamillionclamclaimclamclaimclaimkleimvt要求声称n要求声称索赔proclaimprə'kleimvt宣告公布声明reconcile'rekənsailvt使一致使和解调停调解denouncedi‘naunsvt谴责公然抨击announcepronouncepronunciationTheteacherhadtoreconciledisputesamongherpupilsTheminister'sactionwasdenouncedinthenewspapersclinclinicclinclinicdeclinedi'klainn下降衰退斜面vi下降衰落谢绝inclinein‘klainvtvi(使)倾斜,(使)偏向(使)认为,(使)倾向n斜面斜坡climax'klaimæksn高潮顶点极点IaminclinedtoagreewithyouIinclinetohisviewonthematterHiselectiontothepresidencywastheclimaxofhiscareercampcampcampaignkæm‘peinn运动活动战役challenge'tʃælindʒn挑战rival‘raivəln对手竞争者Thecityhallisplanningtostartacampaignagainstsmokingrecreation,rekri'eiʃənn娱乐消遣concrete'kɔnkri:tadj混凝土的实在的具体的有形的n具体物凝结物discretedi‘skri:tadj离散的不连续的Haveyougotanyconcreteproposalscurcurcurrencyˈkʌrənsin货币curriculumkə'rikjuləmn课程chargetʃɑ:dʒn费用电荷掌管控告负载vt使充电使承担指责装载收费currentlyThehotelcharges$anightHewaschargedwithstealingThebatteryneedstobechargedcultcultcultivate‘kʌltiveitvt耕作栽培培养Hecultivatedhismindbyreading他以阅读来修身养性。ciscisconcisekən‘saisadj简明的简洁的aconcisesummaryprecisecludcluscludclusincludein'klu:dvt包含包括inclusivein'klu:sivadj包括的包含的exclusiveik'sklu:sivadj独有的排外的专一的precludepri‘klu:dvt排除妨碍阻止accumulateə'kju:mjuleitvi累积积聚vt积攒cumulative‘kju:mju,leitivadj累积的simulate‘simjuleitvt模仿模拟DusthadaccumulatedduringherabsenceInterviewscanbesimulatedintheclassroomdictdictcontradict,kɔntrə'diktvt反驳否定与…矛盾与…抵触verdict'və:diktn裁定indicativein'dikətivindicateadj象征的指示的dedicate'dedikeitvt致力献身ThefactscontradicthistheoryThejuryhasretiredtoconsideritsverdictHededicatedhislifetosciencedocdoctdictdocdoctdictdocument‘dɔkjuməntn文件文档doctrine‘dɔktrinn主义学说medicineeditorial,edi‘tɔ:riəln社论editoradj编辑的社论的paradox'pærədɔksn悖论反论似非而是的论点"Morehaste,lessspeed"isaparadoxdec(i)dec(i)decimal‘desiməln小数adj小数的十进位的decent'di:səntadj正派的得体的,令人满意的,相当好的dignity'diɡnitin尊严indignantin‘diɡnəntadj愤怒的IonlyassociatewithgooddecentfellowsForaweekhedidn'thaveadecentmealHeisindignantatherwordsHemaintainedhisdignitythroughoutthetrialdomdomehomedomdomehomedominate'dɔmineitvt控制支配dominant'dɔminəntadj占优势的支配的predominant,pri'dɔminəntadj占优势的占支配地位的SpainoncedominatedtheseasHedesirestodominateoverothersdem(o)domedem(o)domeepidemic,epi'demikadj流行的传染性的n传染病流行病风尚等的流行episode‘episəudn插曲demonstrate'demənstreitvi示威vt证明展示论证monsterBuyinggoodsontheinstallmentplanhasbecomeepidemicinrecentyearsThestudydemonstratesthelinkbetweenpovertyandeducationTheworkersdemonstratedforhigherwagesdurduringdurduringendurein'djuəvt忍耐容忍vi忍耐持续endurancein'djuərənsn忍耐力忍耐持久耐久Runningthemarathontestsaperson'senduranceducduceducate'edju:keitvt教育reduceri'dju:svt减少降低inducein'dju:svt引起引诱NothingintheworldwouldinducemetodothatHerillnesswasinducedbyoverworkequequequal'i:kwəladj平等的adequate'ædikwitadj充足的胜任的equivalenti'kwivələntadj等价的n等价物MartindecidedthathehadnoadequateproofSheprovedadequatetothejobedededible'edibladj可食用的alertə'lə:tn警戒警惕警报vt警告使警觉adj警惕的警觉的留心的Theseberriesareedible,butthosearepoisonousTheanimalraiseditshead,suddenlyalertfectfectaffectə'fektvt影响infectiousin'fekʃəsadj传染的effecti'fektn影响效果effectivei'fektivadj有效的efficienti‘fiʃəntadj有效率的WhatIlikemostaboutJackyChenishisinfectioussmiledeficit'defisitn赤字spiritdeficiencydi'fiʃənsin缺陷缺点缺乏artificial,ɑ:ti'fiʃəladj人造的仿造的beneficial,beni'fiʃəladj有益的有利的benefit‘benifitn利益好处aforeigntradedeficitsurplusThechildhasacalciumdeficiencyferferpreferable'prefərəbladj更好的更可取的indifferentlyin'difərəntliadv冷淡地漠不关心地Yourideaispreferabletomineconferkən'fə:vt授予给予vi协商interfere,intə'fiəvi干涉妨碍打扰inference'infərənsn推理推论infertransfertræns'fə:n转让转移传递vi转让转移转学vt转让使转移传递调任DiplomaswereconferredonthestudentswhohadcompletedallcoursesofstudyTheyconferredonthebestwaytoexpandbusinessHehasbeentransferredtoanotherschoolportporttransporttræns'pɔ:tvt运输opportunity,ɔpə‘tju:nitin时机机会fortune‘fɔ:tʃənn财富命运运气importexportimportantforceforcereinforce,ri:in'fɔ:svt加强加固forceful'fɔ:sfuladj强有力的misfortunemis'fɔ:tʃənn不幸灾祸flictflickflictflickafflictə'fliktvt折磨使痛苦inflictin'fliktvt造成使遭受(损伤、痛苦等)给予(打击等)plaguepleiɡn瘟疫灾祸FamineandwarstillafflictmankindThetyphooninflictedseveredamageontheislandEuropesufferedmanyplaguesintheMiddleAgesflufluoverflow,əuvə'fləuvi溢出泛滥充溢affluent'æfluəntadj富裕的fluent‘flu(:)əntadj流畅的流利的Hewasborntoanaffluentfamilyfusfusconfusekən'fju:zvt使混乱使困惑confusionkən'fju:ʒənn混淆混乱困惑refuseri‘fju:zvt拒绝n垃圾废物refuteri‘fju:tvt反驳驳斥驳倒diffusedi‘fju:svt扩散传播adj弥漫的散开的diffuseheatdiffuseknowledgefidfidconfident'kɔnfidəntadj自信的confidential,kɔnfi'denʃəladj机密的表示信任的incrediblein'kredəblcreditcardadj难以置信的惊人的confidentialintelligencefinfinfinite'fainaitadj有限的限定的infinite'infinitadj无限的无穷的indefinitein‘definitadj无限的definedefiniteTheuniverseisinfiniteIttakesinfinitepatiencetoteachlittlechildrenfractbreakfractbreakfracture'fræktʃən破裂断裂骨折fragile‘frædʒailadj脆的易碎的脆弱的虚弱的Theoldladylooksveryfragilefundfoundfundfoundprofoundprə'faundadj意义深远的fundamental,fʌndə'mentəladj基本的根本的n基本原理基本原则Thefundamentalcauseofhissuccessishishardworkfendfencefendfenceoffendə'fendvt冒犯使…不愉快offensiveə‘fensivadj攻击的冒犯的Ifoundherremarksdeeplyoffensivedefenddefensiveformformuniform‘ju:nifɔ:madj一致的n制服conformkən‘fɔ:mvi符合遵照formaltransformtræns'fɔ:mvt改变使…变形format‘fɔ:mætn格式版式formationMostpeoplewillinglyconformtothecustomsofsocietygengengeneticdʒi‘netikadj遗传的基因的energeticageneticdiseasehomogeneous,hɔmə‘dʒi:niəsadj同种的homosexualitygenbeginenginegenbeginenginegenerate‘dʒenəreitvt生成产生degeneratedi‘dʒenəreitvt使退化恶化ingeniousin'dʒi:njəsgeniusadj有独创性的机灵的Ittookalotofimaginationtocomeupwithsuchaningeniousplangradgraddegradedi'ɡreidvt使……降级使……降解gradually'grædjuəliadv逐步地ingredientin'ɡri:diəntn原料要素组成部分Investmentinnewproductdevelopmentisanessentialingredientofcorporatesuccessmidc,fromLingredientem"thatwhichentersinto"(acompound,recipe,etc),ingredi"goin,enter,"fromin"in"gradi"togo"(seegrade)gressgressprogress'prəuɡresn进步发展前进aggressiveə‘ɡresivadj侵略性的好斗的有进取心的有闯劲的Anaggressiveyoungmancangofarinourfirmstridestraidn大步步幅进展Greatstrideshavebeenmadeinmedicalresearchgriefɡri:fn悲痛忧伤不幸grieveɡri:vvt使悲伤使苦恼vi悲痛哀悼graveɡreivadj重大的严肃的grayn墓穴坟墓vt雕刻铭记carveaggravate‘æɡriveitvt加重使恶化Icewateraggravatedmytoothachegngndiagnose'daiəɡnəuzvt诊断断定ignoreiɡ‘nɔ:vt忽视ignorance‘iɡnərənsn无知愚昧ignorantacquaintə‘kweintvt使熟悉使认识acknowledgeək‘nɔlidʒvt承认答谢IacknowledgethathercriticismisjustThecandidatewavedhishandstoacknowledgethecheersofthecrowdPleaseforgivemyignorancehumhumhumanityhju:'mænitin人类人道仁慈人文学科humidityhju:‘miditin湿度湿气humidifyhumidifierhibit=haveithibit=haveitprohibitprə‘hibitvt阻止禁止exhibitiɡ‘zibitvt展览显示exhibition,eksi'biʃənn展览显示展览会展览品SmokingisprohibitedintheofficebuildingIneversawsuchanexhibitionofbadmannersbeforeprohibitititinitiatei'niʃieitvt开始创始发起initiativei‘niʃiətivadj主动的自发的起始的n主动权首创精神transitiontræn'ziʃənn过渡转变转换IntellectualshaveinitiatedadebateonterrorismHedidnothavetheinitiativetostarthisownbusinessjectjectinjectin'dʒektvt注入注射ejecti'dʒektvt喷射驱逐逐出object'ɔbdʒikt,əb'dʒektn目标物体v反对subjectivesəb‘dʒektivadj主观的subjectjustYouareajustmanjustYouareajustmanjudgedʒʌdʒn法官裁判员justification,dʒʌstifi‘keiʃənn辩护justifyjusticequalifyqualificationadjustə‘dʒʌstvt调整校准使…适合ShemustlearntoadjustherselftoEnglishlifeAstronautsinflightmustadjusttoweightlessnessastrostarnaunavnavyjunctjunctadjoinə'dʒɔinvivt毗连邻接junction'dʒʌŋkʃənjointn连接接合交叉点接合点Thegasstationisatthejunctionoftwohighwaysjoin连接接合legloglegloglegend'ledʒəndn传奇allegeə‘ledʒvt宣称断言analogyə'nælədʒin类比类推类似eloquent'eləkwəntadj雄辩的有口才的你们一定记住了姐的狂放哥的犀利。未来有一天或许当年的记忆会让你们问自己曾经是姐的娱乐还是哥的寂寞?“什么是母校?就是那个你一天骂她八遍却不许别人骂的地方”。lectleglectlegneglectni‘ɡlektvt疏忽忽视electelegant'eliɡəntadj高雅的优雅的eliteei'li:tn精英electHewassobusythatheneglectedhishealtheligible'elidʒəblelectadj合格的合适的符合条件的有资格当选的intelligiblein‘telidʒəblintelligenceadj可理解的明了的OnlycitizensareeligibletovoteThisreportwouldbeintelligibleonlytoanexpertincomputinganalogiesbetweenhumanandanimalbehaviourDrWoodexplainedthemovementoflightbyanalogywith(=usingtheanalogyof)themovementofwaterlevlevelevate'eliveitvt提升举起elevatoralleviateə'li:vieitvt减轻缓和relieveri‘li:vvt减轻缓解leaflet'li:flitn小叶传单lofty'lɔftiadj高的崇高的高级的高傲的Drugshelpedtorelievethepainprogramsaimedatrelievingunemploymentanewmedicinetoalleviatethesymptomsoffluluminlumen【物】流明(光通量单位)luminlumen【物】流明(光通量单位)luminous'lju:minəsadj发光的明亮的清楚的illuminatei'lju:mineitvt阐明说明照亮illusioni'lju:ʒənluxuryLucyn幻觉错觉错误的观念或信仰Heisundertheillusionthathispositionissecurelegliglegligobligeə'blaidʒvt迫使强制obligation,ɔbli'ɡeiʃənn义务职责legislation,ledʒis‘leiʃənn立法法律arbitrary‘ɑ:bitrəriadj任意的武断的arbiter‘ɑ:bitən仲裁者裁决人ThecodeofhammurabiformmorphLegislationisthedutyofacongressDictatorsarearbitraryrulersliterletterliterletterliteral'litərəladj文字的逐字的literacy'litərəsin读写能力liberliberliberal'libərəladj自由主义的libertydeliberatedi'libəreitadj深思熟虑的故意的vt仔细考虑Hismannerwasquiet,hisspeechdeliberate他举止文静,说话审慎。Itwasadeliberateliemanmanmanually'mænjuəliadv手动地manipulatemə‘nipjuleitvt操纵操作manifest'mænifestvt证明表明adj显然的明显的FearwasmanifestonhisfaceShedoesn'tmanifestmuchdesiretomarryhimmentmindmentmindcomment‘kɔmentn评论批评vi发表评论发表意见commentary'kɔməntərin评论注释commendkə‘mendvt表扬称赞recommend,rekə‘mendvt推荐acommentaryontheworldsituationThegeneralcommendedthesoldierforhisbraverycommoditykə'mɔditimodemodeln商品日用品accommodateə'kɔmədeitvt容纳使适应供应ThehotelcanaccommodatetouristsYouwillhavetoaccommodateyourselftothechangedsituationThepolicemanaccommodateduswhenweaskedforhelpminiminiminimal'miniməladj最低的minimize'minimaizvt使减到最少miniature'miniətʃən缩图微型画diminishdi'miniʃvt使减少使变小administerəd‘ministəvt管理ministeryoungsterThemedicalexpensesdiminishedhissavingsIttakesbrainstoadministeralargecorporationmagmaxmagmaxmagnify'mæɡnifaivt放大赞美夸大magnitude'mæɡnitju:dattituden巨大,广大重大,重要Noonecomprehendedthemagnitudeoftheproblemthenmedmedmedia'mi:diən媒体mediate'mi:dieitvt调停remedy‘remidivt补救治疗纠正modest'mɔdistmodeadj谦虚的谦逊的适度的IknowaremedyforheadachesIdon'tsupposethere'lleverbearemedyforthatPricestendedtoriseyearbyyear,butatamodestratemotmobmotmobpromoteprə'məutvt促进提升emotioni‘məuʃənn情感情绪Love,hatred,andgriefareemotionsmotivation,məuti‘veiʃənmotivaten积极性动机mobilize'məubilaizvt动员调动ChinaMobilemigr=movegroundmigr=movegroundmigratemai'ɡreitvi迁移移居removeri‘mu:vvt移走排除WhendidAsiansbegintomigratetotheUnitedStatesLargenumbersofbirdsmigratesoutheverywintermersmergmersmergimmersei'mə:svt沉浸使陷入mergemə:dʒvt合并使合并吞没vi合并融合ShewasimmersedinherworkItwasdecidedthatthetwobusinessesshouldbemergedmortmurdermortmurdermortal‘mɔ:təladj致死的mortgage'mɔ:ɡidʒn抵押(deadpledge)moral‘mɔrəladj道德的moralitymə‘rælitin道德amoralissuelikethedeathpenaltyformurderMarsMartialArtmun=servicecommunitymun=servicecommunityimmunei‘mju:nadj免疫的Acquiredimmunedeficiencysy

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