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首页 高中英语语法总复习系列之七特殊句式.pdf

高中英语语法总复习系列之七特殊句式.pdf

高中英语语法总复习系列之七特殊句式.pdf

上传者: 济南精品房源不留遗憾 2012-08-18 评分 4.5 0 60 8 271 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高中英语语法总复习系列之七特殊句式pdf》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含一、核心考点特殊句式是指英语中用特殊表达形式有独特的语法功能的一些句式包括强调句、省略句、倒装句、感叹句、祈使句、反意疑问句、独立主格结构、ther符等。

一、核心考点特殊句式是指英语中用特殊表达形式有独特的语法功能的一些句式包括强调句、省略句、倒装句、感叹句、祈使句、反意疑问句、独立主格结构、therebe句型。这些句式的语法特征和使用方法是常考点其中倒装和强调两部分在考查中所占比例较大。注意考查语言知识之间的交叉现象也就是说要加强语言形式和语法知识的综合考查要求考生能够在语言实践中灵活运用各种句式能够借助强调、倒装、感叹、省略等手段恰如其分地表情达意作出正确的选择和判断。二、应试能力对各种特殊句式要进行专项练习进行单纯的机械记忆更重要的是对简单句、并列句、复合句进行综合训练对于各种句式的理解才是真正过手的关键尤其在知识之间出现交叉的语境中更要注重理解句意认真对照找出异同才能融会贯通去伪存真。收集一些典型例题来明晰高考的考查重点和规律了解题目的立意方向和设问风格做到知己知彼。通过分析例题理解各种句式和强化记忆特殊表达方法。要重点了解特殊句式所适用的语言环境在特定的语言环境中能熟练而准确地使用这些表达方式为解答此类试题打下坚实的基础作好充分的准备。提高对句子类型的判断能力。是简单句并列句还是主从复合句是强调句型形式主语还是定语是用部分倒装还是完全倒装……省略句英语中的省略有两种:一是替代省略即用其他词代替句子中重复或相同的部分二是结构省略即根据语境需要承前或承后省略句子中相同的某些句子成分。一、替代省略用onethatit替代句子中重复出现的名词、代词或句子。one是指代同名称的另一样东西(同类异物)代替前面句子中重复出现的可数名词that替代特指可数或不可数名词后面常跟有in或of短语作后置定语it指代同名称的同类事物(同类同物)。在两个分句中当两者情况或意思完全相同第二个分句用soneithernor引出时出现省略现象和倒装结构。so代替名词性从句以避免重复前面所说的内容可以用于这类结构的动词有:thinkbelievesupposeexpectimagineguesshope等。如:IthinksoIdon’tthinkso但动词为hopeguess时否定回答只能说Ihopenot不能说Idon’thopeso。二、结构省略动词不定式的省略动词不定式作宾语或宾语补足语时可采用省略结构但要保留to。状语从句的省略在时间、地点、条件、方式、让步或比较状语从句中如果谓语动词中含有be主语又与主句的主语一致或主语是it时则从句的主语和谓语部分可省略。如:if(itis)possibleunless(youare)invitedwhile(theyare)buildingthetunnel等。疑问句及其省略回答倒装句主语和谓语是句子的核心它们之间有两种语序:一是主语在谓语之前称为自然语序二是主语在谓语之后则称为倒装语序。而倒装语序中又有全部倒装和部分倒装两种情况。一、全部倒装谓语动词完全置于主语之前的句子便是全部倒装句。这类句型主要有两种:表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语如:heretherenowthenupdowninawayoffoutintheroomatthefootofthehill等置于句首。such置于句首时。二、部分倒装只把谓语的一部分(多为助动词系动词be或情态动词)置于主语之前的句子叫部分倒装句。这类句型主要有三种:only修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句且放在句首时。否定副词nevernornothardlyseldom等置于句首时。六个重要的固定句型:()sobehave助动词情态动词主语“……也是特殊句式高中英语语法总复习系列之七(省略句倒装句强调句独立主格结构祈使句感叹句therebe句型)如此”。()neither(nor)behave助动词情态动词主语“……也不这样”。()soadjadvthat如此……以致于……()Neithernor……不…………也不……()Notonlybutalso不仅……而且……()Notuntil直到……才……三、形式倒装形式上的倒装在语法上称为前置。它的特点是只是把强调的内容提至句首主谓并不倒装。这样的结构中要特别注意四个重要的句型:感叹句。themorethemore句型。whatever(however)adjadv引导让步状语从句句型。as(though)引导的让步状语从句中必须把所强调的信息放在句首。强调句强调句型Itiswas被强调部分that其他成分被强调部分为“人”时可用whothat作连词。强调句的一般疑问句只需要把iswas提前。它的特殊疑问句只需要在一般疑问句前加上特殊疑问词。强调句也可以与情态动词连用如:ItmightbethatItmusthavebeenthatnotuntil的强调句型:Itiswasnotuntil被强调部分that其他成分。独立主格结构独立主格结构本身不是句子在句子中作状语表示时间、原因、条件、伴随等。常见的独立主格结构有如下几种:名词主格代词vingTimepermitting(=Iftimepermits)wewillgoforanoutingtomorrow。如果时间允许的话我们明天去郊游。Itbeingrainyheavily(=Asitwasrainyheavily)Ihadtostayathome由于下大雨我只得呆在家里。名词主格代词ppTheproblemsolved(=Astheproblemsweresolved)thequalityhasbeenimproved随着问题的解决质量已经提高了。名词主格代词todoTheysaidgoodbyetoeachotheronetogohometheothertogotothebookstore他们道别后一人回了家另一人去了书店。名词主格代词adv介词短语Themeetingover(=Whenthemeetingwasover)weallwenthome会议一结束我们都回家了。Theboygoestotheclassroombookinhand那男孩手里拿着书去了教室。withwithout名词宾格代词现分、过分、不定式、副词、介词短语Hetookoffhisshoesandwentupthestairswithoutanystepsbeingheard他脱了鞋轻轻地走上楼听不见一点儿脚步声。Witheverybodyherelet’sbeginourdiscussion既然大家都到了咱们开始讨论吧。Hewasreadinganewspaperwithhisbackagainstthewindow他正背靠着窗户读报。祈使句和感叹句一、祈使句否定式和强调式Pleasedon’tbesosure请别如此肯定(否定式)。Docomeontimethisevening今晚一定要准时来(强调式)。带主语的祈使句Tomyouwatertheflowers!汤姆你去浇花!Someoneanswerthephone!谁去接一下电话!Bequieteveryone!大家静下来!祈使句and陈述句祈使句orotherwise陈述句Workhardandyouwillsucceed努力干你会成功。Hurryuporwe’llbelate赶快否则我们会迟到。祈使句的反意疑问句Lookatthepicturewillyou看看这画好吗?Don’tbelatenexttimewillyou下次别迟到行吗?Let’sstartwiththesongshallwe咱们用这首歌来开始好吗?二、感叹句What(aan)形容词名词主语谓语How形容词aan单数名词主语谓语How形容词副词主语谓语省略形式的感叹句Whataninterestingbook(itis)!(它是)多么有趣的书!Whatfineweatherisn’tit!多好的天气啊难道不好吗!therebe句型therebe结构中的谓语动词be可用半系动词livelieoccurremaincomestandexist等替换表示Doasyouwouldbedoneby己所不欲勿施于人。存在状态。如:Onceuponatimetherelivedamonkinthetemple从前庙里住了一个和尚。Thereliesalargetreeinfrontofouroffice在我们的办公室前立着一棵大树。therebe句型中的谓语动词be可以用seemtobeappeartobehappentobeislikelytoberemaintobe等替换。如:Therehappenedtobeanoldfriendofmineintheoffice办公室里碰巧有我的一个老朋友。Thereislikelytobesomethingwrongwithhiscomputer他的电脑可能有问题。therebe名词Ving分词Ved不定式Therearealwaysnewthingstobediscovered总有新的事物有待发现。Thereweremanypeoplewatchingthefootballmatch有许多人在看电视。therebeno动名词表示“不可能”“没有办法”。Thereisnotellingwhetherhewillcomeornot无法知道他是否会来。therebe句型的非谓语形式Therebeingnobuseswehadtowalkhome(独立主格作状语)因为没有公交车我们只得走回家。=Becausetherewerenobuses,Whatisthechanceoftherebeinganelectionthisyear今年选举的可能性有多大?(therebe的动名词形式作of的宾语)Iexpecttheretobemanychancesforhimtogetthejob我期待他有许多机会得到那工作。(therebe的不定式结构作expect的复合宾语)倒装句和强调句HereandthereAcomesthebushegoesBthebuscomesgoesheCdoesthebuscomedoeshegoDcomesthebusgoesheItismymothertaughtIstudynowAwherewhereBwherethatCtherewhereDthatthereAsyourspokenEnglishgetsbettersoyourwrittenEnglishAwillBdoesCisDhasSkatingisjustamatterofpracticeYeswellAsodivingisBsohasdivingCsoisdivingDsodivinghasNeverinmywildestdreamsleadtoacareerintheNBAwhichhasallowedmetogivebacktomypeopleinAfricaAIthoughtthechancewouldBIthoughtwouldthechanceCdidIthinkthechancewouldDdidIthinkwouldthechanceHardlythepapersonhisdeskwhenthedoorburstopenAhecollectedBhehadcollectedCdidhecollectDhadhecollectedWasitnotuntilshetookoffherdarkglassesthatshewasafamousfilmstarAdidyourealiseByourealisedCyouhadrealisedDhadyourealisedyourhelpIwould’thaveachievedmygoalAHaditnotbeenforBHadn’titbeenforCWithoutforDButnotforLittleabouthisownsafetythoughhewasingreatdangerhimselfAdoeshecareBdidhecareChecaresDhecaredheneverseemsabletodotheworkbeautifullyATryashedoesBAshetriesCTryasdoesheDTrydoesasheNowhereelseintheworldcheapertailoringthaninHongKongAatouristcanfindBcanatouristfindCatouristwillfindDatouristhasfoundItJohnandMarywhohelpeduslastSundayAhasbeenBareCwasDwereBynomeanstoourplanforthetripAwillsheagreeBshewillagreeCagreessheDwillagreesheTheoldmanwouldn’tstayathomeforarestevenifitrainedHewouldfeelsickifhestayedathomeforonedayAsowouldmygrandpaBsowouldn’tmygrandpaCNeitherwouldmygrandpaDNormygrandpawouldIreceivedhismother’stelephonecallateleventhathewasbadlyhurtinanaccidentyesterdayAThendidIknowBOnlythenIknewCOnlythendidIknowDOnlythencanIknowTheyfinallymanagedtoclimbtothetopbutthenAwentthechildrendownthehillBdownthehilldidthechildrengoCdownthehillwentthechildrenDdownthehillthechildrenwentIthinkthisisthefirsttimethatwehavemetanywhereABeforehaveweneverseeneachotherBNeverbeforewehaveseeneachotherCEachotherhaveweseenneverbeforeDNeverbeforehaveweseeneachotherDuringthewarbutalsohelosthiswifeandhischildAnotwashisjobinthelabtakenawayBnotonlywashisjobinthelabtakenawayCnotonlyhisjobinthelabwastakenawayDnotonlywastakenawayhisjobinthelabHelistenedsocarefullythatnotasinglewordAhemissedBdidhemissChenevermissedDdidhenevermissIwouldnevercometothisrestaurantagainThefoodisterrible!ANoramIBNeitherwouldICSamewithmeDSodoIFatheryoupromised!WellButitwasyouwhodidn’tkeepyourwordfirstAsowasIBsodidICsoIwasDsoIdidItiswhatyoudoratherthanwhatyousaymattersAthatBwhatCwhichDthisTheyhaveagoodknowledgeofEnglishbutlittletheyknowaboutGermanAhaveBdidChadDdoInthedarkforestssomelargeenoughtoholdseveralEnglishtownsAstandmanylakesBliemanylakesCmanylakeslieDmanylakesstandthathemanagedtogettheinformationOhafriendofhishelpedhimAWherewasitBWhatwasitCHowwasitDWhywasit省略句、感叹句和反意疑问句YououghttohavegiventhemsomeadvicebutwhocaredwhatIsaidASoIshouldhaveBSooughtICSodidIDSodoIIdon’timagineRussandhispoordoghadagoodtimeonthedesertedislandIhavenoideaAdidn’ttheyBdoyouCdidtheyDhadn’ttheyDoyouthinkitwillraintomorrowotherwisewecan’tgooutforapicnicAIhopenotBYesitwillCItdependsDI’mnotsureThestudentsspentasmuchtimegettingtrainedastheystudyingAdoBwereChadDdidWhowantsarideonmybikeANotmeBNeithermeCIfmeDUnlessmeItwascarelessofyoutohaveleftthehousewithoutturningoffthegasMyGod!.ASoIwasBSowasICSodidIDSoIdidYoudidn’tgethurtatallinthetrafficaccidentIwasaluckydogANoproblemBIdon’tthinksoCI’mafraidnotDGoodHeavensOurchemistryteachernevertoldustheexperimentwastobedoneinRoomAdidheBdidn’theCwasitDwon’titWhatalovelyday,Adoesn’titBisn’titChasn’titDwon’titYou’dbettercometomorrowAdidn’tyouBcouldn’tyouChadn’tyouDwouldn’tyouDrBlackcomesfromeitherOxfordorCarmbridgeIcan’trememberAwhereBitCwhichDoneArethereanyEnglishstorybooksforusstudentsinthelibraryThereareonlyafewDoingisbetterthansaying与其挂在嘴上不如落实在行动上。AifmayBifhaveCifsomeDifhasYououghttostayuplatetonightyouYesI’vegottoomuchhomeworkAcan’tBshouldn’tCmustn’tDwon’tThereusedtobeachurchinthesmalltownAusedthereBusedn’tthereCuseditDusedn’titSheisn’tyourneighbourissheAYessheisn’tBNosheisCYessheisDNoisn’tshetobeaPLAsoldierwhenIwasyoungAndnowyouareAHowIwantedBHowdidIwantCWhatIwantedDWhatdidIwantExcusemehaveyougotalightIdon’tsmokeADon’tmentionitBNevermindCI’mafraidnotDThanksalotHaveyougotafreeeveningnextweek,Let’shavedinnerAWhilesoBSincesoCWhensoDIfsoHowdoyoufindthetalkgivenbyMrSmithAVerywellBExcitedCBoringDNotatallHadIknownthatairconditionerscausesomuchpollutionIwouldneverhaveboughtAoneBthatCthoseDitHemusthavetoldyouaboutitlastnightAmustn’theBhasn’theChaven’theDdidn’theIt’sthethirdtimethatJohnhasbeenlateAhasn’theBisn’theCisn’titDhasn’titIfIamnotmistakenyouusedtocookyourownfoodyouAdoyouBdon’tyouCdidyouDdidn’tyouDoyoulockthedoorNoIbutIforgotAshouldBmusthaveCmustDshouldhaveWhatsportdoyoulikebestSpringboarddiving(跳板跳水)todiveintowaterfromhighboard!AWhatafunisitBHowfunitisCHowafunisitDWhatfunitisforustosurfontheseainsummer!AWhatexcitingisitBHowexcitingisitCWhatexcitingitisDHowexcitingitisI’llgotoKoreatowatchthethAsianGamesWouldyoumindlookingaftermydogNatatallAIcan’tBPleasedon’tCI’dlikeitDI’dbehappytoNoonecanstopusfromgoingthereAcan’titBcantheyCcan’ttheyDcanoneShecouldhardlybelieveitAcouldn’tsheBcouldsheCdidn’tsheDcansheJohnmustbeinthechemistrycabAmustn’theBneedn’theCisn’theDshouldn’the独立主格结构和并列句ThesaleusuallytakesplaceoutsidethehousewiththeaudienceonbencheschairsorboxesAhavingseatedBseatingCseatedDhavingbeenseatedbeingSundaytheilbrarywasclosedAThatBItwasCItDAsWithsomanyeyesonhershefeltabitnervousAlookingBstaringCglaringDfixedNoneofthemhadexpectedthemiddleagedengineerdiedhisdesignuncompletedAwithBfromCwithoutDofStopmakingsomuchnoisetheneighborwillstartcomplainingAorelseBbutstillCandthenDsothatAbabymightshowfearofanunfamiliaradultheislikelytosmileandreachouttoanotherbabyAandBorCsoDbutmorethanlanguagesintheworldATherearethoughttobeBThereisthoughttobeCTheyarethoughttobeDItisthoughttobeandtheproblemwouldbestraightenedoutAAbitmoreeffortBHavingalittleeffortCIfyouhaveabitmoreeffortDTherebeingalittleeffortmanytimesbuthestillmadethesamemistakeAHavingbeentoldBHehadbeentoldCBeingtoldDThoughhehadbeentoldDon’tstandbythegateyoucomeinyougoouttoplayAeitherorBneithernorCnotonlybutalsoDnotbutFiveminutesearlieryoucouldhavemetMaryWhiteatthepartyAbutBandCotherwiseDthereforethechiefengineersoheknowsexactlywhattodoABeingBAsCHavingbeenDHeisIwillnottakeanumbrellawithmetodayitrainslaterAHowBWhatCHowaboutDWhatifDoyouexpecttobeapossibilitythatweshallbeabletoaffordthecarweneedAitBthereCthatDoneWereallthepeopleinthecarinjuredintheaccidentNoonlytwopersonswhogothurtAitwereBthereareCtherewasDitwashelpifyoucanandourcountrywillimprovemorequicklyandbecomebetterAGivingBGiveCGivenDTogiveWhatthemansaidsoundunbelievableitistrueAyetandBandyetCandbutDbutandThereisplentyofraininthesouththereislittleinthenorthAwhileBasCwhenDsoseveraltimesaboutitbuthecouldnotgivethecorrectanswerABeingaskedBHavingbeenaskedCHewouldaskDHehadbeenaskedIdon’tlikechickenfishIdon’tlikechickenIlikefishverymuchAandandBandbutCorbutDorandisnodoubtthatTaiwanispartofChinaAItBThereCThatDThisIhadtoturntomyparentsforhelpATherewasnomoneyleftBIhadnotmoneyleftCTherebeingnomoneyDIhavingnomoneyleftMostoftheEuropeansrefusetoacceptGMfoodAmericansregarditasthefruitfromhightechAwhenBasCwhileDandtheysawinthestreetAWhodoyouthinkBDoyouthinkwhoCWhoyouthinkDDoyouthinkwherenoneedforustodiscusstheproblemagainIthasalreadybeensettledAIthasBTherehasCItisDThereisisnotnecessaryforyoutohavetoldheraboutthebadnewsAThereBItCThatDThisThereinthegardenatreeaboutfortyfeethighAwereBlivedCstoodDlayLiFangisverybusyshe’salwayshelpingotherswiththeirlessonsAbutBalthoughCsoDforWewereswimminginthelakesuddenlythestormstartedAwhenBwhileCuntilDbeforeGoingtoBankofChinabrancheswasanotherwaytogettheBeijingOlympicsticketsfortunefavoredonlyafewearlybirdsAifBevenCbutDonceDonothingbyhalves凡事不可半途而废。

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