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首页 高考英语陷阱题总结归纳—状语从句(附详解).doc

高考英语陷阱题总结归纳—状语从句(附详解).doc

高考英语陷阱题总结归纳—状语从句(附详解).doc

上传者: 含泪的微笑 2012-08-18 评分 3 0 28 4 125 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高考英语陷阱题总结归纳—状语从句(附详解)doc》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含高考英语陷阱题总结归纳状语从句  典型陷阱题分析“MayIgoandplaywithDickthisafternoon,Mum”“No,youcan符等。

高考英语陷阱题总结归纳状语从句  典型陷阱题分析“MayIgoandplaywithDickthisafternoon,Mum”“No,youcan’tgooutyourworkisbeingdone”AbeforeBuntilCasDthemoment【陷阱】容易误选B误认为这是考查not…until…结构。【分析】最佳答案选C。句中的yourworkisbeingdone表明“你正在做作业”选as表原因。“I’mgoingtothepostoffice”“you’rethere,canyougetmesomestamps”AAsBWhileCBecauseDIf【陷阱】容易误选A。【分析】最佳答案选B。尽管as和while均可用作从属连词引导时间状语从句表示“当……的时候”但两者有一个重要区别就是这样用的as从句的谓语不能是状态动词。当然如果as不是表示“当……的时候”其谓语是完全可以用状态动词的。如:Iwenttobedearly,asIwasexhausted我很累了所以很早就上床睡了。(此句中的as表示原因意为“因为”、“由于”)请做以下两题答案均选while不选as:()youareathomealone,pleasedon’tleavethedooropenAWhileBAsCBeforeDHow()youarealonewithher,tellherthatyoulikeherAWhileBAsCAfterDHowAfterthewar,anewschoolbuildingwasputuptherehadoncebeenatheatreAthatBwhenCwhichDwhere【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选D。where在此引导地点状语从句其意为“(在)……的地方”。请做以下类似试题(答案均选where):()ThefamousscientistgrewuphewasbornandinhecametoShanghaiAwhenBwheneverCwhereDwherever()ShefoundhercalculatorshelostitAwhereBwhileCinwhichDthat()YoushouldmakeitaruletoleavethingsyoucanfindthemagainAwhenBwhereCthenDwhich()Whenyoureadthebook,you’dbettermakeamarkyouhaveanyquestionsAatwhichBatwhereCtheplacewhereDwhere()YoushouldletyourchildrenplayyoucanseethemAwhereBwhenCinwhichDthat()NowheworksinthefactoryhisfatherusedtoworkAwhereBwhenCinwhichDthatThevisitoraskedtohavehispicturetakenstoodthefamoustowerAthatBatwhichCwhenDwhere【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选D。此题与上面一题有些相似但又有所不同:相似的是where均表示“在……的地方”均用以引导地点状语从句不同的是此题还涉及倒装即此句的主语是thefamoustower谓语是stood正常词序为wherethefamoustowerstood使用倒装是为了保持句子平衡避免头重脚轻。TheykepttryingtheymusthaveknownitwashopelessAifBbecauseCwhenDwhere【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选C。when在此的意思不是“当……的时候”而是“尽管”、“虽然”的意思。又如:Hewalkswhenhemighttakeataxi尽管他可以坐出租车但他却走路。Hestoppedtryingwhenhemighthavesucceedednexttime尽管他本来下次就可以成功的了但他却停止努力了。Theboywasrestlesswhenheshouldhavelistenedtotheteachercarefully这男孩子本来应该专心听老师讲的但他却坐立不安。有许多同学只知道when表示“当……的时候”而不知道它还有其他许多意思除上面提到的表示“尽管”、“虽然”外when还可表示“既然”、“考虑到”。请做下面的试题(答案选D):Whydoyouwantanewjobyou’vegotsuchagoodonealreadyAthatBwhereCwhichDwhenHewasabouttotellmethesecretsomeonepattedhimontheshoulderAasBuntilCwhenDwhile【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选C。when意为“这时(突然)”主要用于某一动作突然发生于另一动作正在进行或刚要发生之时。此时的when可以连用副词suddenly也可以不连用它但值得注意的是同学们不能单独用suddenly来代替when如下面各题的答案选A不选B:()IwasabouttogooutthetelephonerangAwhenBsuddenlyCassoonasDdirectly()WewereswimminginthelakethestormstartedAwhenBsuddenlyCuntilDbefore()ShewaswalkingdowntheroadsheheardsomeoneshoutingforhelpAwhenBsuddenlyCuntilDbeforeThefirewentonforquitesometimeitwasbroughtundercontrolAwhenBsinceCafterDbefore【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选D。before意为“在……之前”句意是“大火在得到控制之前燃烧了相当一段时间”。类似地以下两题也选before:()Hemadeamistake,butthenhecorrectedthesituationitgotworseAuntilBwhenCbeforeDas()Someonecalledmeupinthemiddleofthenight,buttheyhungupIcouldanswerthephoneAasBsinceCuntilDbefore()Sheisgettingbetterbydegrees,butitwillbesometimesheiscompletelywellAthatBsinceCwhenDbefore()Theysatdownoppositeeachother,butitwassomemomentstheyspokeAafterBbeforeCsinceDwhenMotheraskedmetotakemoremoneysomethingunexpectedshouldhappenAincaseBsothatCinorderthatDwhen【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选A。incase起连词作用用以引导状语从句主要有两种意思:一是表示条件意为“如果”、“万一”二是表示“目的”意为“以防”、“免得”。如以下各题也都选incase:()Iforget,pleaseremindmeaboutitAIncaseBSothatCInorderthatDWhen()TakeyourumbrellajustitrainsAincaseBsothatCinorderthatDwhen()BequietyoushouldwakethebabyAincaseBsothatCinorderthatDwhen()TakeahatwithyouincasethesunisveryhotAincaseBsothatCinorderthatDwhen()I’llkeephisaddressIneeditAsothatBinorderthatCincaseDwhenyourcompositioncarefully,somespellingmistakescanbeavoidedAHavingcheckedBCheckCIfyoucheckDTocheck【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选尤其可能误选A。【分析】最佳答案选C。前面一个分句为条件状语从句后面一个分句为主语。现分析几个干扰项:选项A和D均为非谓语动词根据英语语法习惯非谓语动词作状语时其逻辑主语应与句子主语一致而此句的somespellingmistakes显然不能用作havingchecked或tocheck的逻辑主语故不能选为答案若选B则两个句子之间缺少必要的连词也不对。请做类似试题(答案均选C):()morecareful,theworkmighthavebeendonebetterABeingBHavingbeenCIfyouhadbeenDTohavebeen()yourdiet,itiseasytoreduceAWatchingBTobewatchingCIfyouwatchDTohavewatched()apairofcompasses,itiseasytodescribeacircleAHavingBTohavehadCIfyouhaveDifhaving()forsomething,areceiptisgiventoyouAPayingBHavingpaidCWhenyouhavepaidDTobepaying()thesunrisingslowlyintheeast,thesceneisaperfectdreamASeeingBTobeseeingCWhenyouseeDHavingseen“ShallMarycomeandplaycomputergames”“No,shehasfinishedherhomework”AwhenBsinceCunlessDassoonas【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选C。此句为省略句答句句首的No表明其后省略的是一个否定句全句补充完整为:Shecan’tplaycomputergamesunlessshehasfinishedherhomework请做类似试题(答案均选B):()“Wouldyoumindmysittingherewithyou”“No,youaren’ttoonoisy”AwhenBifCunlessDassoonas()“Willheagreetocometojoinusinthework”“No,wepromisehimmoremoney”AwhenBunlessCunlessDassoonas()“Canyoufinishtheworkintime”“No,wedon’tsleepthroughoutthenight”“Whendidheleavetheclassroom”“Heleftyouturnedbacktowriteontheblackboard”AthetimeBthemomentCuntilDsince【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。【分析】最佳答案选B。themoment用作连词意为“一……就……”相当于assoonas。类似地theminute,theinstant也可用作连词表示“一……就……”的意思。如以下试题也选B:()“DidyouremembertogiveMarythemoneyyouowedher”“Yes,IgaveittoherIsawher”AwhileBthemomentCsuddenlyDuntil()ThedoorkeepergavethealarmhesawthesmokeAwhileBtheinstantCsuddenlyDbefore()IraisedthealarmIsawthesmokeAwhileBtheminuteCsuddenlyDsince 精编陷阱题训练Don’tbeafraidofaskingforhelpitisneededAunlessBsinceCalthoughDwhenAgoodstorytellermustbeabletoholdhislisteners’curiosityhereachestheendofthestoryAwhenBunlessCafterDuntilIknowthemoneyissafe,IshallnotworryaboutitAEventhoughBUnlessCAslongasDwhileYouwillsucceedintheendyougiveuphalfwayAevenifBasthoughCaslongasDunless“Washisfatherverystrictwithhimwhenhewasatschool”“YesHehadneverpraisedhimhebecameoneofthetopstudentsinhisgrade”AafterBunlessCuntilDwhenIsuggest,healwaysdisagreesAHoweverBWhateverCWhicheverDWhoeverYoushouldputonthenoticesallthepeoplemayseethemAwhereBinwhichCatDforthemshegoes,therearecrowdsofpeoplewaitingtoseeherAWhereverBHoweverCWhicheverDWhoeverMaryclappedherhandoverhermouthsherealizedwhatshehadsaidAwhileBassoonasCsuddenlyDthenherfaults,she’sArnold’smotherDon’tbesorudetoherAWhateverBWhatCWhicheverDWheneveryou’regotachance,youmightaswellmakefulluseofitANowthatBAfterCAlthoughDAssoonasIthoughtshewastheverygirlthatIshouldmarryImetherAfirsttimeBforthefirsttimeCthefirsttimeDbythefirsttimeDon’tplaybytheriveryoufallinanddrown!AincaseBsothatCinorderthatDwhenWhydoyouwantanewjobyou’vegotsuchagoodonealreadyAthatBwhereCwhichDwhenHeisbetterthanIlastvisitedhimAwhenBthatChowDwhichthepunishmentwasunjust,heaccepteditwithoutcomplaintASolongasBEventhoughCSinceDWhilethegrandparentslovethechildren,theyarestrictwiththemAWhileBAsCSinceDBecauseIcansee,thereisonlyonepossiblewaytokeepawayfromthedangerAAslongasBAsfarasCJustasDEvenifrichonemaybethereisalwayssomethingonewantsAWhateverBWheneverCHoweverDWhereverJohnshuteverybodyoutofthekitchenhecouldpreparehisgrandsurpriseforthepartyAwhichBwhenCsothatDasifMrZhangismildincharacterHenevershoutsheisveryangryAifBevenCthoughDevenwhen“HowlongdoyousupposeitisheleftforJapan”“Nomorethanhalfamonth”AwhenBbeforeCafterDsinceInsomecountries,arecalled“publicschools”arenotownedbythestateAthatBwhichCasDwhat答案与解析选D。when意为“在(当)……时候”。其余三项填入空格处句意不通。选D。until意为“直到”句意为“一位优秀的故事讲述者必须能够让听众在故事结束前一直保持好奇心”。选C。aslongas意为“只要”全句意为“只要我知道这钱是安全的我就不会担心了”。类似地下面一题也选aslongas:“Whatareyougoingtodothisafternoon’“I’llprobablygoforawalklateronitstaysfine”AasfarasBaslongasCevenifDasif选D。unless意为“如果不”、“除非”用以引导一个条件状语从句。选C。考查not…until…句式其意为“直到……才……”。选B。whatever引导的是让步状语从句相当于nomatterwhat。注意不能选A因为suggest是及物动词它应带自己的宾语而however不能用作宾语。选A。where指“在……的地方”用以引导地点状语从句。选Awherever意为“无论什么地方”。选B。根据语境可推知。如下面一题也选assoonas:hebecamerichhecastasideallhisoldfriendswhogavehimsomehelpAWhileBAssoonasCSuddenlyDThen选A。whateverherfaults为让步状语从句句末省略了谓语动词are。选A。nowthat为连词用以引导原因状语从句其意为“既然”与since同义。其中的mightaswell意为“不妨”。全句意为“既然你得到一个机会你不妨充分利用它”。选C。thefirsttime在此用作连词用以引导状语从句。句意为“我第一次见到她就认为她很诚实”。选C。incase意为“以防”。选D。when不表示“当……的时候”而表示“既然”相当于since用以引导原因状语从句。全句意为:你既然已经有了这么好的工作干吗还要找新的工作呢请再两例:Ican’ttellyouwhenyouwon’tlisten既然你不想听我就不告诉你了。Whyusewoodwhenyoucanuseplastic既然能用塑料为什么还要用木料选A。than后省略了hewas假若补充完整全句即为HeisbetterthanhewaswhenIlastvisitedhim。选B。比较四个选项:solongas(只要)eventhough(即使)since(自从既然)while(当……时候)其中只有B的意思最合适全句意为“即使处罚不公平他毫无怨言地接受”。选A。while在此不表示“当……的时候”而表示“尽管”。选B。asfaras意为“尽就至于”常用于asfarasIknow(据我所知)asfarasonecansee(在某人看来)asfarasonecan(某人尽力)asfarassthsbisconcerned(就某事某人来说)等结构。选C。however在此引导让步状语从句意义上相当于nowmatterhow。选C。sothat引导目的状语从句其意为“为了”。选D。根据句子语境选B或D较适合但even是副词不是连词不能引导状语从句故选D。选D。问句的基本结构是“Itis时间段since从句”其原句型是IsupposeitisnomorethanhalfamonthsinceheleftforJapan假若对此句中的nomorethanhalfamonth提问则可得到提问句。选D。what引导的是主语从句其中的what相当于theschoolsthat。

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