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首页 高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇

高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇.doc

高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇

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2012-08-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇doc》,可适用于工程科技领域

UnitCommonsalt食盐Imagine想象推测Interlink连接ButadieneSyntheticBehavior=propertyPolyethyleneViscousTacky表面发粘的站粘性Dissolution溶解nDissolveSaturation饱和nSettle沉淀沉降澄清ViscosityPolyvinylalcoholPVAGlobule小球液滴颗粒Swell溶胀nvDough面团揉好的面Consistency稠度粘稠性Solvent溶剂Powdery粉状的Peculiarity特性CrystalFragmentForonething=firstofallWithrespectto关于就···而论Asanexample举例来说例如AquantityofAsagainst和···比起来和···相对照Inconclusion总之最后Convert…into…把···转变(转化)成···Beattributedto…归因于认为是···的结果LinearpolymerBranchedpolymerHomopolymerBackbone主链Polyester聚酯polyether聚醚Difunctional双官能度的Emanate源于发源发出放射Cohensiveness内聚力粘结性Terpolymer三元共聚物Madvisability不合理性不适当UnitOlefinic烯烃的Vinyl乙烯基的UnsaturatedEliminateDoublebondDiolefin二烯烃Transfer链转移热传递vInitiatorChainreactionTerminate链终止Kineticchainlength动力学链长PolyvinylchloridePVCPolystyrenePSDegreeofpolymerizationPolymeric聚合(物)的MechanismChlorine氯(气)HydrogenDecomposition分解Phosgene光气碳酰氯Initiation链引发nActivation活化(作用)Ultrasonic超声波的CatalystIonic离子的Complex络合物Titaniumtetrachloride四氯化钛Titaniumtrichloride三氯化钛Aluminumalkyl烷基铝Bymeansof…借助于···Energyrich高能级的One…aftertheother一个接一个Fromasuperficialpointofview从表面上看Beproportionalto和···成正比Inthestrictestsense严格地讲Overalargerange在很大的范围内Playanimportantrolein在方面起重要作用Liein…处于Progragation链增长Homolyticdissociation均裂Successive连续的Annihilation消失湮灭Combination偶和终止Disproportionation歧化终止Deadpolymer无活性聚合物Pentamer五聚体Hexamer六聚体Rateofpolymerization聚合速率Steadystateassumption稳态假设Validity有效性正确性UnitStepgrowthpolymerizationSynthesizesynthesisEsterification酯化反应酯化作用Amidation酰胺化反应酰胺化作用Urethane氨基甲酸酯Aromatic芳香族的Substitution取代反应Functionalgroup官能团Hydroxyl羟基Carboxyl羧基Amino氨基Isocyanate异氰酸酯Polyfunctional多官能度的Polyamide聚酰胺Diamine二元胺Diacid二元酸Diol二元醇Polyesterification聚酯化作用Dibasic二元的Hydroxyacid羟基酸Dimer二聚体Trimer三聚体Reactive反应活性的reactivityMolecularweightConversion转化率Stoichiometric当量的化学计量算的Monofunctional单官能度ImpuritypurityPolycondensation缩聚Yield产率Sidereaction副反应Fallinto归入可分为Byvirtueof依靠借助于Dependingon根据Inastepwisefashion以逐步的方式逐步地Inageneralmanner一般来说Beidenticalin…to…在···方面和···是相同的Beof具有Buildup增大Polyether聚醚Acetal缩醛Polyoxymethlene聚甲醛Trioxane三聚甲醛Nonferrousmetal有色金属Hysteresisloss滞后损失Coefficientoffriction摩擦系数Resistancetocreep抗蠕变性Polyethyleneoxide聚氧化乙烯Hydrophilic亲水的Thickener增稠剂Glue胶粘剂Sizingsystem涂饰剂Oxetane氧杂环丁烷Triol三元醇,,hexanetriol,,三羟基己烷Ethylenediamine乙二胺Alkelihydroxide强碱性的氢氧化物Benzenesulfonamide苯磺酰胺Miscellaneous=variousOxyalkylationLiner衬里Monofilament单丝Polyol多元醇Odor气味UnitIonicionradical自由基的kinetics动力学AnioniccationictetrahydrofuranIsobutylene异丁烯chainterminationgrowingchainNeutral中性的dissociate离解Tertiary叔oxonium氧鎓Positivetriethyloxoniumborofluoride三乙基硼氟酸氧鎓Alkalimetal碱金属phenyllithium苯基锂Butyllithium丁基锂phenylsodium苯基钠Triphenylmethylpotassium三苯甲基钾alfincatalyst醇烯催化剂Isopropylateallyl烯丙基Cocatalystcopolymervinylether乙烯基醚Charaterizereactivityratio竞聚率ParametercopolymerizationWithexplosiveviolence及其猛烈地Inthepresenceof在···的存在下Giverisetojustas正与···一样正当···时候Moreorless近乎大体上在不同程度上indetailSocalledmodification改性borontrifluoride三氟化硼caprolactone己内酯epoxide环氧化合物glycidylether缩水甘油醚isoprene异戊二烯stereoreguilar立构规整的bolckpolymerendblock封端聚合物symposium(专题)讨论会论文集cerbeniumion碳鎓离子coordinativepolymerization配位聚合carbocation碳正离子carbanion碳负离子carobonylgroup羧基alkyloxideion烷氧基lactam内酰胺lactone内酯intermediate中间体electrophilicsubstitution亲电取代nucleophilicsubstitutionaliphaticcompound脂肪族化合物aromaticcompound芳香族化合物proton质子nonionic非离子的oligomerization低聚物作用hexafluoropropylene六氟丙烯proticacid质子酸UnitMolecularweightdistributiondispersityMechanicalpropertyminimumPerformancestrengthoptimum最佳的最佳点最佳值Polydisperse多分散的Heterogeneous非均相的Contaminant污物Polydispersity多分散性Statistical统计的VariationImprovecolligative依数性的Lightscattering光散射Ultracentrifugation超速离心分离Sedimentation沉降法numberaveragemolecularweightWeightaveratemolecularweightViscousityaveragemolecularweightFractionation分级Solubility溶解度Permeability渗透性Beassociatedwith…与···有关FreefromLeveloff…达到平衡变平趋缓Intheusuallyacceptedsense在能被人们广泛接受的意义上Inmostinstances在大多数情况下Beessentialfor…Bebiasedtowards…有···偏向偏差SpeakofAvarietyof…Purificationextractnonsolvent非溶剂Miscible可混溶的precipitant沉淀剂Hydrolytic水解的polysaccharide多糖Protectivecolloid保护胶体electrolyte电解质Formicacid甲酸cellulose纤维素pectin果胶Flax亚麻纤维enzymatichydrolysis酶催化水解Residue残余物vessel容器Degenerate退化变性变质Freezedrying冷冻干燥frozenstate冷冻状态Dialysis透析渗析electrodialysis电渗析Electrophoresis电泳polypeptide多肽UnitDiffuse扩散Swollen溶胀的Gel凝胶Intermolecular分子间的Crosslinking交联nCrystallinity结晶性结晶度Hydrogenbonding氢键Disintegrate分解分散vIneraction相互作用Agitation搅拌Texture组织结构Arrangement空间排布Singlebond单键Conformation构象Coiling线团状的randomcoilDensity密度Segment链段Thermodynamically热力学地IdealrealMolten熔体的Amorphous无定形的非晶态的GlassyContour外形轮廓Radius半径Gyration回旋旋转Meanaquareendtoenddistance均方末端距Evenso虽然如此accessibleto…Inturninastraightforwardway直接地Byreasonof由于intermsof根据借助于就···而论Arisefrom由于···而产生的起因于Viscousflowshearstress剪切应力Rateofshear剪切速率Newtonianfluid牛顿型流体Pseudoplastic假塑性流体dilatant膨胀性流体Thioxtropicfluid触变形流体rheopecticfluid震凝性流体Lattice晶格点阵latentheatofvaporization蒸发潜热Dynamics动力学rotationalviscometer旋转粘度计Viocoelasticfluid粘流体capillaryrheometer毛细管流变仪Relaxation松弛mastication素炼ruggedness坚固性耐久性UnitMorphologySimultaneouslyCrystallineandiffraction衍射Pattern花纹threedimensionallyordered三维有序的FringedmicelletheoryyinzhuangweishulilunCrystallite微晶Imbed嵌入埋入vMatrix基体母体基质矩阵Align排列成行vFoldedchainlamellatheory折叠链片晶理论Platelet片晶Accordion手风琴Defect缺陷Imperfect不完整的Irregularity不规则性Packing堆砌Entanglement纠缠缠结Dislocation错位Occluded夹杂的Medium介质Infraredspectroscopy红外光谱法NuclearmagneticresonanceInthenatureof按···的本性inbetween在···之间的Betypicalof具有···的特征intheformof以···形态Incharacter与本身特性相符backandforth来回地前后地Consider…todo把···看作是bepicturedas…可想象为Contribute…to…把···贡献给···treat…as…把···作为···来处理rotationalisomerism旋转异构orientationhinderedrotationspectroscopictechnique光谱技术transisomerism反式异构gaucheisomerism旁式异构surmount克服越过vperturbingeffect扰动效应flexibilitydisorderedstructure无序结构moduluspolymethylmethacrylatePMMAatactic无规立构的polyethyleneterephthalatePETjuxtaposition并置并列isotropic各向同性的spheruliticstructure球晶结构polarizingmicroscope偏光显微镜fibril原纤微纤UnitSubdivideCategoryPlasticsrubberfiberElasticmoduluscategorizationElastomerInterchainstretch拉直拉长vAttractionorientretract收缩vRelease解除松开vtensilestrength抗张强度Deformability形变性Vulcanization硫化Hardnesselongation伸长率Thermoplasticthermoset热固性的AdditionpolymercondensationpolymerHypothetical假定的理想的RepeatingunitstereoregularstereoregularityAtacticisotactic全同立构的PolypropylenepolybuteneSubdivide…in(into)…把···细分为···Intheorderof…大约···Rangefrom…to…分布FromthemechanismpointofviewBesituatedon(at,in)…位于处于BederivedfromExceptionto…···的例外Inaregularfashion规整地Straightenout拉直打开Bearinmindattractionfor…对···的引力Withtheadventof随着···的出现Comeunder受···支配影响Inrelationto…关于···Besubjectedto…经受···受到···Stiffnessstrengthenbulky体积庞大的TransparentopaqueRigid僵硬的moldable可模塑的Structuralframeworkglucose葡萄糖Intrinsically固有的本征的Suffice足以足够vladderpolymerEpoxy环氧树脂stickySlippage滑动nprepolymerAging老化UnitFunctionalpolymerFunctionalizedpolymerAliphatic脂肪族的InorganicpolymermodifybackbonePendantgroup侧基spacergroup隔离基团Porosity孔隙率stabilityreactivityReactent反应物试剂CarrierSurfactant表面活性剂Stabilizer稳定剂Ionexchangeresin离子交换树脂BiologicalbiomedicalPharmaceutical药品药物药物的PharmaologyIndispensable不可缺少的Controlledrelease控释DrugAgrochemical农药化肥Antioxidantflameretardant阻燃剂Corrosioninhibitor缓蚀剂Flocculatingagent絮凝剂Antistaticagent抗静电剂Conductivematerialphotosensitizer光敏剂Nucleartrackdetector核径迹探测器Liquidcrystalconversion转化SolarenergyAttachto…和···连接Attachmentof…to…把···连接到···上Takefulladvantageof…充分利用Thefirststeptoward…Interestin…···的重大意义对···的关注Naturalpolymerpolynucleotide多核苷酸Instructive有指导意义的varnish清漆Secrete分泌vamber琥珀fossilresin琥珀树脂Evergreentree常青树humicacid腐殖酸Complexation络合作用scavenger清洗剂Drainage(水土)流失rosin松香Phenanthrene菲roofing屋顶材料Pentaerythritol季戊四醇asphaltpaperpulp纸浆Binder粘合剂pressedboardPolyisoprenebark树皮shrub灌木Latex胶乳乳液aeration充气鼓风Indigenous野生的土生土长的ChewinggumUnitAminoresin氨基树脂Derivative衍生物Aldehyde醛Acidic酸性的basic碱性的Ureaformaldehyderesin脲醛树脂Melamineformaldehyderesin三聚氰胺甲醛树脂蜜胺树脂Urea尿素Formalin福尔马林Ehanol乙醇Glacialaceticacid冰醋酸Furfurylalcohol糠醇Triethanolamine三乙醇胺Woodflour木粉Calciumphosphate磷酸钙Ammoniumchloride氯化铵Thymolphthalein百里酚酞Indicator指示剂Glycerol甘油Flask烧瓶Beaker烧杯Kettle釜锅Mantle加热套Stirrer搅拌器Condenser冷凝器DeanStarktrap分水器Neutralize使中和Testtube试管bathPipette移液管Shakeprecipitation沉淀Monomethylolurea单羟甲基脲Adhesive粘合剂Reflux回流nErlenmeyerflask锥形瓶Distill蒸馏vAcidify酸化Hardener固化剂hardenCuredresin固化树脂Acidsulfite酸式亚硫酸盐Endpoint终点Titrate滴定vCompare…with…Submitto交给提交Bechargedinto…加入投入Transfer…to…把···转移到···Beequippedwith…装有Cause…toSetaside放置Distilloff…把···蒸出UnitBulkpolymerization本体聚合Promoter促进剂MethylmethacrylateMMAConcentration浓度Solutionpolymerization溶液聚合Substantial实质的真实的Confront面临Intractable难处理的Exothermicity放热性Robust强壮的精力充沛的坚固耐用的Devolatilizer脱挥器Tempt诱惑感兴趣Impactpolystyrene抗冲聚苯乙烯Supplant代替Socalledmorecomparedto以···比较有明显的差别Incidentalsmallamountsof少量的Makenosharpdistinctionbetween…and…Beafarcryfrom与···截然不同Nebulous模糊的rheology流变学Laminar层流的vendor卖方Supplier供方quote报价引用Viscoelastic粘弹性的polyelectrolyte聚电解质Slope斜率anchor锚式搅拌器Migration移动lubricate润滑Jacket夹套stagnant停滞的Viscosimeter粘度计shearrateconstant剪切速率常数Closeclearanceimpeller近壁式搅拌桨helicalimpeller螺带式搅拌桨Inletpipe进料管线boundarylayer边界层Openimpeller开式搅拌桨transitionregion过渡流域Burbulentregion湍流区mixingviscosimeter搅拌桨式粘度计UnitTread踩踏外胎面Recipe配方ndodecylmercaptan正十二烷基硫醇potassiumperoxydisulfate过硫酸钾flade薄片shortstop终止剂hydroquinone对苯二酚quench熄灭抑制flashdistillation闪蒸antioxidant抗氧剂phenyl苯基naphthylamine萘胺latex胶乳乳液coagulate凝聚brine盐水sulfuricacid硫酸crumb碎屑团粒bale打包extender添加剂增量剂lightercolored浅色的dithiocarbamate二硫代氨基甲酸chaintransferagent链转移剂objectionable有异议的会引起反对的dimethyldithiocarbamate二甲基二硫代氨基甲酸盐sodium钠tertdodecylmercaptan特十二烷基硫醇diisopropylbenzene二异丙苯ferroussulfateheptahydrate硫酸亚铁七水合物pyrophosphate焦磷酸盐aluminumsulfate硫酸铝ethylenediaminetetraacetate乙二胺四乙酸盐deca十tetra四formaldehyde甲醛sulfoxylate次硫酸盐persulfate过硫酸盐rosinacid松香酸dissociation分解menthane薄荷烷redox氧化还原作用courtesyof摘自···besuuperiorto胜过优于followedby…继之以besubstituedfor代替UnitProcessing加工成型Dimension尺寸Extrusion挤出Moulding模塑Calendering压延Coating涂覆涂布Thermoforming热成型Shaping成型viscoelasticHeattransfer热传递Dieforming口蘑成型Intermittent间歇式的Secondaryshapingoperation二次成型Parison型坯Squeeze挤压Initsmostgeneralcontext在其最一般的情况下Withdueconsiderationto…适当考虑Inviewof鉴于考虑到UnitFabrication制造二次加工Stock原料Artefactartifact人工制品Injectionmoulding注塑Screwextruder螺杆挤出机Barrel料筒Taper锥度Die模塑口模Profile外形Collapse皱缩塌瘪Extrudate挤出物Clamp夹子Archimedeanscrew阿基米德螺旋杆Shot注射料量Reciprocation往复的Ram活塞Reactioninjectionmoulding反应注射成型Preform预成型Rotationalmoulding旋转模塑Rotocasting离心浇注Stamping冲压成型模压Forging锻造Turning车削Drilling钻孔Grinding磨光Milling钅先Planing刨平Cement粘接vWelding焊接Pipework管道工程Heattolerant耐热的Sintering烧结热压结Coalesce凝聚凝结Beamenableto适合于Onaverylargescale很大规模地Takeoff移开拿开UnitAdherend被粘物Adhesivejoint粘合点Glueline胶层Impervious不透水的Freeenergy自由能Electrovalent电价的Covalent共价键的Heteropolarbond极性键Homopolarbond非极性键Weld熔融焊接Solder低温焊接Braze焊接vtDispersionforce色散力Molarcohesion摩尔内聚力Dextrin糊精Contract收缩vBeconsistantwith与···一致GiverisetoAccountfor说明解释

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高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇

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