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首页 高中非谓语练习题100道(答案及解析).doc

高中非谓语练习题100道(答案及解析).doc

高中非谓语练习题100道(答案及解析).doc

上传者: xiaemily 2012-08-10 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高中非谓语练习题100道(答案及解析)doc》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含春笋教育中心大连专用高中非谓语动词练习AWhenhewasaboy,heusedtogothereandwatchAtorepairbicycles符等。

春笋教育中心大连专用高中非谓语动词练习AWhenhewasaboy,heusedtogothereandwatchAtorepairbicycles       BbicyclestoberepairedCbicyclesbeingrepaired   Drepairingbicycles Haveyouconsideredyourjobasateacher YesIlikethejobbecauseateacherisoftenconsideredagardenerAtochangetobe         BtochangebeingCchangingbeing     DchangingtobeThedog,,willbemadeagoodwatchdogAtotrainproperly    Bbeingtrainedproperly  Cproperlytotrain    Dtrainedproperlythediamond,hehadtolookforaplacetohideit AHavingstolen       BHavingbeenstolen  CStolen          DStealingthefrontdoor,hehadtoentertheroomthroughthebackdoorASeenpainted       BSeeingpaintedCBeingseenbeingpaintedDSeeingbeingpaintedAndthere,almostinthebigchair,satherlittlebrother,whoneverhadtobetoldtokeepquietAhavinglost    Blosing       Ctobelost     DlostHelookedaroundandcaughtamanhishandintothepocketofapassengerAput      Btobeputting       Ctoput      DputtingToanswercorrectlyismoreimportantthanAthatyoufinishquickly BfinishingquicklyCtofinishquickly     DfinishquicklyTheoldfarmer,thebadlyinjuredandburntsoldier,cameoutoftheburningfarmhouse,callingcontinuouslyforhelp Asupporting                Bhavingsupported    Cbeingsupportedby         DbeingsupportedInJanuary,,theUnitedStatessuccessfullylaunched“Spirit”,aMarsExplorationRover,anewmilestoneinthehistoryofmankindAitmarked      Bmarking     Cmarked    DtomarkItwasgettingdarkIfoundacarinapoolbythesideoftheroadAtobestuck        Bstuck      Csticking          DstickYoucan’timaginewhatgreattroubletheyhavetheproblemAtosolvebeingtalkedabout      BsolvingdiscussingCtosolvetotalkabout     DsolvingbeingdiscussedThemonumentwasbuiltinhonoroftheexplorerwhowasbelievedtheriverAtohavediscovered    Btohavebeendiscovered Ctodiscover        DhavingbeendiscoveredThethieffelltotheground,hisleftfootandblooddownfromhismouthAbreakingrunning         Bbrokenrunning    Cbreakingrun             DbrokenrunTheprogramwassoexcitingthatthechildrenkepttheireyesonthescreenAtofix      Btobefixed      Cfixed       DfixingAsIwillbeawayforatleastayear,I’dappreciatefromyounowandthensothatIcanknowhoweveryoneisgettingalongAhavingheard             Btohear    Chearing                  Dbeingheard,thesubjectwasalwaysinmymindAWalkingorsleeping      BWalkingorslept      CHavingwalkedorslept   DTowalkandsleepDidyougetadictionary       No,I,buttherewerenotanyAtriedtobeleft        Bhadtriedtoleaving   Ctriedtoleft          DhadtriedhaveleftWhenhecameto,hefoundhimselfonachair,withhishandsbackAtosittying           Bsittingtying      Cseatingtied           DseatedtiedThejoketoldbyTommadeus,sotheteachercouldn’tmakehimselfAtolaughhearing      Blaughingheard   Claughinghear    DlaughedheardAlloftheflowersnowherehavedevelopedfromthoseonceintheforestAraisedgrown            Brisinggrowing  Craisedgrowing          DrisinggrownHenrycan’tattendthepartyatTom’shouseatpresentbecauseheispreparingthespeechatthepartyatMarie’shousetomorrowAheldbeingheld           BtobeheldtobeheldCtobeheldheld           DbeingheldtobeheldSeeingthesoldierswellforthefloodfight,thegeneralnoddedwithsatisfactionAprepare        Bpreparing   Cprepared       DhavingpreparedDon’tworryI’llhaveitandgetsomeoneittoyoutomorrowAtypedsend            Btotypetosend   Ctypesend             DtypedtosendThesunwasshiningbrightly,everythingtheremorebeautifulAmakinglook          Btomakelooked    Candmadelooking    DandmakingbelookedHowcouldhegettheplanwithoutanyonetosupporthimAtocarryout             Bcarryout  Ccarryingout            DcarriedoutNewideassometimeshavetowaitforyearsbeforeAbeingfullyaccepting     Bfullyaccepting    Chavingfullyaccepted     DfullyacceptedHavingpassedallthetests,shefeltagreatweightoffhermindAtaking          Btaken      Ctake        DtobetakenI’mexaminingthearticlehehasjustfinishedthepossiblemistakesinitAbeingcorrected        Btocorrect     Ccorrected              Dhavingcorrectedfullpreparations,wedecidedtoputoffthemeetingtillnextweekAWedidnotmake         BHavingnotmade     CWehadnotmade     DNothavingmadeWeshouldpreventsuchasillymistakeagainAoccurring             Btooccur     Ctobeoccurred       DfrombeingoccurredIregrethardatschool,orIwouldhavesucceededinpassingtheexamAnottowork           Bhavingnotworked      Ctohavenotworked     DnothavingworkedTheylookedforwardwithhopeachancetoreceivefurthereducationAforgetting            Bofgetting          Ctoget                  Dtogetting“Well,I’lltellyouasecret”saidtheboy,withhismouthalmostmyearAtouched        Btouching      Ctouch         DtotouchTowardsevening,thepatientopenedhismouthasifsomethingtohissonAsaid       Bsay        Ctosay      DtohavesaidWouldyoubelendmeyourbicycle    SureAsokindasto        Bkindenoughasto   Cverykindto         DsokindtoThebeachissobeautifulthatitisworthwhile,Ithink,forashortholidayAofgoing                Btobegoing   Cyourgoing           DyoutogoTheteacheraskedmoretopreventthestudents’eyesfrombeinginjuredAtodo        Bdone     Ctobedone       DbeingdoneSomeoftheschoolsinShanghaihavemovedonestepclosertowiththeglobaleducationcommunityAbeingconnected           Bconnect  Chavingconnected          DbeconnectedTheperformanceofthehost,topleasetheaudienceanddrawtheirattention,wasgreetedwithacoldsilence,howeverAhadintended           Bintended  Cbeingintended           Dtointendandoutofbreath,wereachedthetopofthemountainandstoppedthebeautifulsceneryATiringtoadmire         BBeingtiredadmiring  CTiredtoadmire          DTiredadmiringThestoreyedbuilding,when,willshutoutthesunuptheroomsinmyhouseAcompletedlighted     Bcompletinglighting  Ccompletinglighted    DcompletedlightingIhearWarreninamiddleschool   WhatIcan’timaginehimasateacherAteachesworking          Bteacheswork  Cteachtowork            Dteachworkinghe’sonlybeenlearningEnglishforayear,hespeaksitverywellAConsidered              BConsidering  CHavingconsidered          DToconsiderItwascomputergamesthatcosttheboyalotoftimethatheoughttohavespentonhislessonsAtohaveplayed           Bplaying   Cplayed                 DhavingplayedAtnotimedoesthesalesgirlgetuplateinthemorning,forsheisalwaystoobusyagoodrestAtotake      Btaking      Ctook     Dtakenasthemostexcellentstudentinheruniversity,asmostclassmateshadexpected,madeherparentsveryhappyAMarywaschosen    BMarychosen   CMarybeingchosen    DMary’sbeingchosenthebigsnake,thelittlegirlstoodunderthetreetodeathASeeingfrightened        BSeeingfrightening CSeenfrighten            DToseefrighteningYouwillseethisproductmadeinthisfactorywhereveryougoAtobeadvertised           Badvertised  Cadvertise                 DadvertisingMrGreenissaidanexperimenttoprovethenewmethodofsolving theproblemwhenyoungAtodo                  Btohavedone   Ctobedoing              Dtohavebeendoing答案及部分解析:CDDAD     DDCAB    BDABC    CACDB  CDCDA   DDBBD    ADDBC    ACCAB    CDABB  ADABB用ing形式一般式的被动语态作宾语补足语强调自行车被修理的过程。consider作“考虑”解时后常接ing形式(短语)作宾语作“认为”解时后常接含有名词、形容词或tobe的复合结构。过去分词短语作条件状语相当于ifitistrainedproperly。watchdog看门狗。从动作发生的时间来看应是先偷钻石再找地方藏匿故用ing形式的完成式。see表示的动作与句子谓语动词(hadtoenter)所表示的动作几乎同时发生且与其逻辑主语(he)为主动关系故用一般式。由句意“看到前门正在被漆……”可知第二空应用beingpainted。lostinthebigchair为过去分词短语在句中作伴随状语。此句的正常语序为:Herlittlebrothersattherecatchsbdoingsth(偶然或突然)发现或撞见某人正在做某事。题意为“正确做出答案要比快速完成更重要”。两个非谓语动词短语在形式上应保持一致。ing形式的一般式在句中作非限制性定语。题意为“年月美国成功地发射了“勇气”号火星探测器标志着人类历史上一个新的里程碑”。由短语bestuckin(陷入)可知此处应用过去分词作宾语补足语。由havegreattrouble(in)doingsth可知第一空应用solvingbeingdiscussed作定语修饰problem表示“正在被讨论的问题”。用不定式的完成式表示动作发生在(定语)从句谓语动作之前。考查独立主格结构。foot和break之间是被动关系blood和run是主动关系。由固定结构fixone’seyesonupon可知此处应用过去分词。appreciate后常接ing形式(短语)作宾语。题意为“无论是走路还是睡觉我总是在想这个问题。”注意:此题中ing形式短语的逻辑主语与句子的主语并不一致有的语法家称其为“垂悬分词”。又如:Havingsufferedsuchheavypollutionalready,itmaynowbetoolatetocleanuptheriver     (NMET)triedto后省去了getone。由seat的用法(beseated)可知第一空应用seated作宾语补足语withhishandstiedback为with的复合结构在句中作伴随状语。由atpresent可知第一空应用beingheld(表示正在被进行的动作)由tomorrow可知第二空应用tobeheld(表示即将被进行的动作)。由固定短语be(well)preparedfor可知此处应用过去分词作宾补。此处为havesthdone结构和getsbtodosth结构。考查getsthdone结构。carryout执行。beforefullaccepted相当于beforetheyarefullyaccepted。feel后可接含有非谓语动词的复合结构。此处宾语与宾语补足语之间为被动关系故用过去分词。题意为“所有考试都通过后她感觉如释重负。”不定式短语在句中作目的状语。hehasjustfinished为定语从句。ing形式短语作原因状语。not要置于ing形式之前。preventsbsth(from)doingsth为固定搭配。occur为不及物动词。regretdoingsth后悔做过某事regrettodosth遗憾(抱歉)地要做……。lookforwardtodoingsth盼望做某事注意withhope(满怀希望地)插入了短语lookforwardto中。考查with的复合结构。hismouth与touch之间是主动关系。“asif不定式短语”在句中作方式状语。考查句型Itisworthwhiletodosthdoingsth。Ithink为插入语。由asksbtodosth可知此处应用不定式。宾语与宾语补足语之间为被动关系故用tobedone。closeto中的to为介词。beconnectedwith可理解为“与……接轨”。intendedtopleasetheaudience相当于whichhadbeenintendedtopleasetheaudience。tiredandoutofbreath为“形容词和介词短语”在句中作状语。stoptodosth停下来去做另外一件事。whencompleted=whenitiscompletedlightingup在此相当于whichlightsup。第一空应用一般现在时表示意为“我听说沃伦在一所中学教书”imagine后常接ing形式(短语)或ing形式的复合结构作宾语。此处considering为连词意为“考虑到”它还可用作介词如:Consideringtheweather,hearrivesveryearly考虑到天气他算早的啦。此句是强调句型强调句子的主语playingcomputergames。考查tooto结构。注意:atnotime(在什何时候都不)放在句首时,句子要用倒装语序。ing形式的复合结构作主语时其逻辑主语常用名词所有格或形容词性的物主代词。asmostclassmateshadexpected为非限制性定语从句。seeingthebigsnake在句中作时间状语frightenedtodeath在句中作伴随状语。advertise意为“为……登广告”。madeinthisfactory作定语修饰productadvertised作宾语补足语。由whenyoung可知此处应该用不定式的完成式。高中非谓语动词练习B__Sunday,thestudentsareathomeABeingBTobeCItisDItbeingTheboylayonhisback,histeeth__andhisglaringeyes___ AsetlookedBsetlooking CsettinglookedDsettinglookingAllthething____hisproposalisofgreatervaluethanyours AconsideredBconsideringCtoconsiderDconsider____whoshewas,shesaidshewasMrJohnson’sfriend AAskingBAskedCTobeaskedDWhenaskingHehurriedtothestation,___the:trainhadalreadyleft AtofindBfoundConlytofindDonlyfindingWhichdoyouenjoy___yourweekends,fishingorwatchingTV AspendingBtospendCbeingspentDspend___allmyletters,IhadadrinkandwentoutAFinishedBHavingfinishedCFinishingDTofinishShehadnomoney___abirthdaypresentforherchildrenAtobuywithBbuyingCboughtDwithwhichtobuyFromthedates___onthegoldcoin,itisconformedthatitwasmadefivehundredyearsago AmarkingBmarkedCtobemarkedDhavingbeenmarked____timeandlabour,cartoonistsgenerallydrawthehandsoftheircharacterswithonlyfingersandathumbATosaveBSavedCSavingDHavingsavedO’NealworkshardHeisoftenseen___heavilybeforehisteammatesstart AsweatedBtobesweatedCsweatingDbeingsweatedIcanhardlyimaginePeter__acrosstheAtlanticOceanindaysAsailBtosailCsailingDtohavesailedSuch___thecase,Icouldn’thelpbut_____himAbeingsupportBistosupportChasbeensupportingDbesupportedDoesthewayyouthoughtof___thewatercleanmakeanysenseAmakingBtomakeChowtomakeDhavingmadeInordernottobedisturbed,Ispentthreehours__inmystudyAlockingBlockedCtolockDbeinglockedYouwillfindtheword“psychology”____under“P”inyourdictionary AhavelistedBlistClistedDlistingSandycoulddonothingbut___tohismotherthathewaswrong AadmittingBadmitsCadmitDtoadmitWhenIcaughthimcheatingme,Istopped__thingsinhisshop AbuyingBbuyCtobuyDboughtAdoctorcanexpect___atanyhourofthedayornight AcallingBtocall CbeingcalledDtobecalledNearlyeverygreatbuildinginBeijingwasbuilt_south AtofaceBfacing  CtohavefacedDbeingfacingWithhisson___,theoldmanfeltunhappyAtobedisappointedBdisappointing CbeingdisappointedDtodisappointItwas____computergamesthatcosttheboyalotoftimethatheoughttohavespentonhislessons AtohaveplayedBplaying CplayedDhavingplayedAndthere,almost___inthebigchair,satherlittlebrother,whoneverhadtobetoldtokeepquiet AhavinglostBlosingCtobelostDlostAsIwillbeawayforatleastayear,I’dappreciate__fromyounowandthen__mehoweveryoneisgettingalongAhearingtellBtoheartell ChearingtellingDtoheartotellThestudentsareforbidden,unlesstheyhavespecialpasses,___afterpm  AtostayoutBfromstayingout CstayingoutDnottostayoutIworkedsolateintheofficelastnightthatIhardlyhadtime___thelastbus  AcatchingBtocatch ChavingcaughtDtohavecaught__tosunlightfortoomuchtimewilldoharmtoone’sskin  AExposedBHavingexposed CBeingexposedDAfterbeingexposedMikedidn’tstart____theimportanceofaforeignlanguagetillhegraduatedfromschool  AknowingBtoknow CknowDtohaveknownWhywasaspecialmeetingcalled___anewchairman  AToelectBElectingCOurelectingDElectedWhydidBobweepHecouldn’tbear___likethatbeforethewholeclass  AmakingfunofBbeingmadefunof CtobelaughedatDbeingmadefunThestudentsexpectedthere___morereviewingclassesbeforethefinalexams  AisBtobeCbeingDhavebeenIdon’tmind___bybus,butIhate__inqueuesAtravelingstandBtotraveltostand CtravelingtostandDtravelingtostandingWearelookingforwardto___thefilm____attheGrandCinema  AseeingtoshowBseeshown CseeingshownDseetoshowAttheshoppingcentre,hedidn’tknowwhat__and__withanemptybag  AtobuyleaveBtobeboughtleftCtobuyleftDwastobuyleaveThepolicemanputdownthephone,___withasmileonhisface  AsatisfiedBsatisfying CtobesatisfiedDhavingsatisfied___,yourcompositionisfullofmistakes  AWritingcarelesslyBWrittencarelessl CHavingwrittencarelesslyDBeingwrittencarelesslyShemadeacandle___uslightAgiveBgaveCtogiveDgivenWhatdoyousupposemadeherworried___agoldringALoseBLostCLosingDBecauseoflosingIknowit’snotimportant,butIcan’thelp__aboutit  AtothinkBandthinkCthinkingDbeingthought__severaltimes,theyoungscientiststillkeptonmakinghisexperiments  AHavingbeenfailedBHavingfailedCThoughfailedDBecauseoffailure___alloverthehillandaroundthelakearewildflowersofdifferentkinds  ATogrowBGrowingCGrownDGrowWhoareyougoingtohave__thisletterforyouMysecretary  AtypeBtypedCbeentypedDbeentypingThefood___atthemomentisforthedinnerparty  AcookedBtobecookedCisbeingcookedDbeingcookedAkindoldgentlemanoffered___mybagstothetaxistand  AhishelpcarriedBcarryingCmetocarryDtohelpmetocarryYoucanhardlyimaginethedifficultythewomanhad___herchildren  AbroughtupBtobringupCbringingupDtohavebroughtupHewas___today,butwasaskedtostayfor___week  AtohavereturnedanotherBreturningonemoreCreturnedanotherDtoreturnotherWhereshouldIsendmyformThePersonnelofficeistheplace___  AforsendingitBtosendittoCtosendDtosenditIcouldfeelthewind__onmyfacefromanopenwindowAtoblowBblowingCtobeblowingDblownLucy,whydidn’tyoucomelastSundayI___,butmyfatherwasinhospital  AwouldBhadCwasgoingtoDdidWhatterribleweather!Isimplycan’tgetthecar___Whynottry____theenginewithsomehotwaterAstartingfillingBstartfillingCstartedtofillDtostartfill答案:D。本题考查独立主格结构,因为前后主语不一致,所以前面分词的逻辑主语不可以省略。ItbeingSunday相当于AsitisSunday。B。独立主格结构在句中作伴随状语,teeth与set两个词之间含有逻辑上的被动关系,所以用过去分词look这一动作是eyes所发出,所以用looking。A。独立主格结构在句中作状语,因为things与consider之间含有被动关系,所以用过去分词。B。分词短语作状语,因为ask与句子的主语(she)之间有被动关系,所以用过去分词。C。本题考查“(only)+不定式”与“ing形式”作结果状语的区别。“only+不定式”表示该结果在主语的预料之外接“ing”形式表示由主句所产生的逻辑上的结果。B。本题考查不定式作目的状语,本题极易误选A。其实enjoy的宾语为fishingorwatchingTV。B。因finish这一动作发生在Ihadadrinkandwentout之前,所以必须用现在分词的完成式。D。介词+关系代词+不定式的结构可以在句中用作定语其作用相当于一个定语从句。B。本题考查非谓语动词作定语。不定式作定语时,表示将来的动作现在分词作定语,表示主动、进行过去分词作定语,表示被动、完成。因为dates是被标在goldcoin上,所以用过去分词表示被动。A。不定式作目的状语。C。分词在句中作主语补足语。因sweat这一动作是he所发出,所以为主动。C。Peter为逻辑主语与sailing构成复合结构作imagine的宾语。A。can’thelpbut为固定短语,but后面接不带to的不定式Suchbeingthecase为独立主格结构thecase为逻辑主语。B。B。lock与其逻辑主语应含有动宾关系,即“被锁在书房里”。C。单词psychology被列在“P”之下,有被动关系。C。but表示“除了”,为介词,当其前面有动词do的各种形式时,but后接不带to的不定式。A。当stop后面接不定式时,表示“停下来去做某事”如果接ing形式,则表示“停止正在做的事”。D。expect后面接不定式。由题意可知,doctor与call之间是被动关系。B。现在分词在句中表示状态。B。with复合结构在句中作状语,表示原因,意为“由于儿子很是令人失望。”B。本题为强调句型被强调的部分是句子的主语所以采用ing形式。D。belostin是固定短语意为“陷入……之中”。变为分词短语作状语时仍用过去分词lost。C。appreciate后直接接ing形式作宾语

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