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80高中英语经典句型.doc

80高中英语经典句型

xiaemily 2012-08-10 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《80高中英语经典句型doc》,可适用于高中教育领域,主题内容包含选校网wwwxuanxiaocom高考频道专业大全历年分数线上万张HYPERLINK"http:imagexuanxiaocom"大学图片大学视频院符等。

选校网wwwxuanxiaocom高考频道专业大全历年分数线上万张HYPERLINK"http:imagexuanxiaocom"大学图片大学视频院校库句型wouldratherthatsomebodydid…“宁愿……更愿意……”(表示现在或将来的愿望)wouldratherthatsomebodyhaddone…“宁愿……更愿意……”(表示过去的愿望)例句I’dratheryoupostedtheletterrightnow我想让你现在去寄信。I’dratheryouwerenotacelebratedactorInthatcase,wecouldspendmoretimetogether我到情愿你不是个知名演员这样我们可以有更多的时间在一起。I’dratherthatIhadn’tseenheryesterday我情愿昨天没有看到她。句型asifthough主语didhaddone…好像……(表示现在或将来的情况用过去时表示过去的情况用过去完成时)参考句型例句Ourheadteachertreatsusasifwewereherownchildren,soallthestudentsinourclassthinkhighlyofherAlantalkedaboutRomeasifhehadbeenthereAlan谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。句型“wish宾语从句”表示不大可能实现的愿望表示现在的愿望:主语过去时表示过去的愿望:主语haddone表示将来的愿望:主语wouldcoulddo例句HowIwishwestudentshadmorefreetimetorelaxourselves!我们学生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自己!IfailedinthemathsexamHowIwishIhadn’twastedsomuchtimeplaying!Whatapityyoucan’tgotothepartyHowIwishIcoulddancewithyouattheparty!句型It’shighabouttimethatsomebodydid(shoulddo)(should通常不省略)…早就该……例句It’stimethatyouwenttoschool=It’stimethatyoushouldgotoschoolIt’shightimethatwedidsomethingtoimproveourenvironment该是我们为环保做些事情了。Ithinkit’shightimethatshemadeuphermind我想她该拿定主意了。句型情态动词动词不定式完成结构的用法couldhavedone“本来可以……”(表示过去没有实现的可能)。mighthavedone“本来可能……本来应该或可以做某事”(实际没有发生含有轻微的责备语气。shouldoughttohavedone“本来该做某事”(而实际未做)shouldnotoughtnottohavedone“本来不该做”(实际却做过了含有责备语气)needn’thavedone“本来不必做”(但是已经做过了)wouldratherhavedone“当时宁愿做了某事”(实际没有做过)否定式wouldrathernothavedone表达相反意思两者都有表示“后悔”之意。句型as,though,although引导的让步状语从句。注意although位于句首though位于句首或句中as位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。参考倒装结构请注意下列句式的变化:例句AlthoughThoughI’myoung,IalreadyknowwhatcareerIwanttofollowYoungasthoughIam,IalreadyknowwhatcareerIwanttofollow我虽然年轻但我已经明白我应该追随什么样的事业。AlthoughThoughIrespecthimverymuch,IcannotagreewithhisideaMuchasthoughIrespecthim,Icannotagreewithhisidea虽然我很尊重他但是我不同意他的观点。AlthoughThoughheisachild,heknowsalotofChinesecharactersChild(省略冠词)asthoughheis,heknowsalotofChinesecharacters他虽然还是个孩子却认识了许多汉字。Althoughhetried,hecouldn’tsolvetheproblemTryashemight,hecouldn’tsolvetheproblem尽管他努力了但是他没有解决问题。Althoughitisraining,I’mgoingoutforawalkRainingasitis,I’mgoingoutforawalk天虽然在下雨我还是要出去散步。Strangeasitmayseem,nobodywasinjuredintheaccident这次意外虽然显得不可思议却没有人受伤。MuchasIwouldliketohelp,Ihavealottodo虽然我很想帮助你但是我有很多事要做。Objectasyoumay,Iwillgo纵使你反对我也要去。句型…before…特殊用法()“没来得及……就……”例句Therooffellbeforehehadtimetodashintotheroomtosavehisbaby他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子房顶就塌了。HeranoffbeforeIcouldstophim我还没有来得及阻止他已经跑了。Tomygreatdisappointment,myfavoritesingerlefttheconcertbeforeIcouldhaveawordwithher让我非常失望的是我还没有来得及和我最喜欢的歌手打招呼她就已经离开了。句型…before…特殊用法()“过了多久才……”或“动作进行到什么程度才……”例句Theywalkedaboutfiftymilestothewestbeforetheysawavillage他们西行英里才看到一个村庄。Theworkersworkeddayandnightaboutthreedaysbeforeeverythingreturnedtonormal工人们连续工作天才使一切恢复正常。Healmostknockedmedownbeforeheknewit他几乎撞到我了才意识到。Wehadwalkedalongwaybeforewefoundsomewater我们走了很长的路才找到一点水。FiveyearswentbybeforeIknewit不知不觉五年过去了。句型Itwas时间段before…“过了多久才(怎么样)……”Itwasnotlongbefore…“不久就……”Itwill(not)be时间段before…“要过多久(不久)……才……”(before从句谓语动词要用一般时态)例句Itwasnotlongbeforehesensedthedangeroftheposition不久他就意识到他处境的危险。Itwasfivedaysbeforehecameback五天后他才回来。Itwillbehalfayearbeforeyougraduatefromtheschool再过半年你才能毕业。Itwillnotbelongbeforetheyunderstandeachother他们大概不久就会互相了解。句型incaseof…(n)“以防万一”incasethat…“以防万一……”(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should动词原形)例句Incaseoffire,whatshouldwedoPleaseremindmeaboutitincaseIforgetshouldforget万一我忘了请提醒我。Incase(that)Johncomesshouldcome,pleasetellhimtowaitPleasetakeyourumbrellaincase(thatitrainsshouldrain)带上雨伞以防下雨。 句型It强调句型强调句的基本构成:Itiswas被强调的部分who(主要指人时)that其余部分注意这种结构可以强调句子的主语、宾语、状语(包括时间地点方式原因等)但是不能强调谓语动词(参考句型)。原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来时态用Itis…thatwho…原句的谓语动词如果是过去时态用Itwas…thatwho…强调时间、地点、原因或方式时不要用when,where或how,必须用that。例句IsawhiminthestreetyesterdayafternoonItwasIwhosawhiminthestreetyesterdayafternoon(强调主语)ItwasinthestreetthatIsawhimyesterdayafternoon(强调地点状语)ItwasyesterdayafternoonthatIsawhiminthestreet(强调时间状语)ItwashimthatwhoIsawinthestreetyesterdayafternoon(强调宾语)例句Hedidn’tgotobeduntilhismothercamebackItwasnotuntilhismothercamebackthathewenttobedHedidn’tdohishomeworkuntilhisfathercamebackfromworkItwasn’tuntilhisfathercamebackfromworkthathedidhishomework例句OnlywhenyounearlylosesomeonedoyoufullyrealizehowmuchyouvaluehimItisonlywhenyounearlylosesomeonethatyoufullyrealizehowmuchyouvaluehim只有你快要失去某个人时你才意识到你是多么尊重他。例句IwaslateagainbecausethetrafficwasveryheavyduringtherushhourItwasbecausethetrafficwasveryheavyduringtherushhourthatIwaslateagain(强调句中只能强调由because引导的原因状语从句because不能换成since,as,for,nowthat等)注意强调句的疑问结构一般疑问句IsWasit被强调部分whothat…特殊疑问句特殊疑问词iswasitwhothat…Whatiswasitthat…Whoiswasitthat…Wheniswasitthat…Whereiswasitthat…Whyiswasitthat…Howiswasitthat…例句IsawhiminthestreetyesterdayafternoonWhenwasitthatyousawhiminthestreetWhowasitthatyousawinthestreetyesterdayafternoonWherewasitthatyousawhimyesterdayafternoon例句Idon’tknowwhenhewillcomebackIdon’tknowwhenitisthathewillcomeback(宾语从句疑问词后用陈述句语序)–HowwasitthatyougotintouchwithMrSmith你是怎么和Smith先生联系上的?–Troughafriendofmine通过一个朋友。句型()、祈使句(表条件)ororelseotherwise主句(表结果)…“否则…要不然…”()、祈使句(表条件)and主句(表结果)例句Hurryup,oryou’llbelateforclassPleasecallmeupbeforeyoucome,otherwiseorelseorwemightbeout你来之前打个电话否则我们也许会出去。ThinkitoverandyouwillfindtheanswerGivehimaninchandhewilltakeamile得寸进尺。Workhardandyouwillmakeprogresseveryday好好学习天天向上。句型…until…“直到……时候”not…until…“直到……才……”例句Youaretostayuntiltillyourmothercomesback你得等到你妈妈回来。Themeetingwasputoffuntilteno’clock会议推迟到十点钟。Thevillagersdidn’trealizehowseriousthepollutionwasuntilallthefishdiedintheriverNotuntilallthefishdiedintheriverdidthevillagersrealizehowseriousthepollutionwas(倒装句)等到湖里的鱼全死光了村民们才意识到污染是多么严重。Hedidn’tgotobeduntilhismothercamebackItwasnotuntilhismothercamebackthathewenttobed(强调句)NotuntilhefailedintheexamdidherealizethathehadwastedmuchtimeplayingcomputergamesNotuntilhissoncamebackfromschooldidhegotobed句型unless…“除非如果不……”(=if…not)例句Ishallgotomorrowunlessitrains如果不下雨我明天去。–ShallTomgoandplayfootball–Notunlesshehasfinishedhishomework除非他完成作业否则不能出去。Iwon’tgounlesshecomestoinvitemehimself除非他本人来邀请我不然我是不会去的。Iwon’tattendhisbirthdaypartyunlessinvited(=unlessIaminvited)除非被邀请否则我不去参加的生日晚会。句型when引导的从句when除了用来引导主语从句、宾语从句、时间状语从句、表语从句和定语从句还有一种用法值得关注那就是when引导并列分句意思是“这时突然就在那时”强调另一个动作的突然发生。常用于以下句型中:()、主语bedoing…when…意思是“正在做某事这时……”()、主语beabouttodo…when…()、主语beonthepointof(doing)…when…意思是“正要去做某事这时……”例句OnedayChuckwasonaflightacrossthePacificOceanwhensuddenlyhisplanecrashed有一天Chuck正在太平洋上飞行这时他的飞机突然爆炸了。Idon’tknowwhenhewillarrive我不晓得他什么时候到达。IthoughtofthehappydayswhenIwasinBeijing我想起了在北京时的那段快乐日子。Ibelievethetimewillsooncomewhentherewillbenoweaponsintheworld我相信世界上没有武器的日子不久就会到来。IwaswalkingalongtheriverwhenIheardadrowningboycryforhelp我正在河边行走这时我突然听到一个落水男孩求救。Iwasabouttoleavewhenitbegantorain我刚要离开这时下雨了。Ihadjustfinishedmyexampaperwhenthebellrang,announcingtheclasswasover我刚做完作业下课铃响了。IthoughtofthehappydayswhenIwasinFrance我想到了在法国时那段快乐日子。Ibelievethetimewillsooncomewhentherewillbenoweaponsintheworld我相信世界上没有武器的日子不久就会来临。比较IwaswalkingalongthestreetwhenIcaughtsightofatailor’sshop我正在街上走这时我看见一家裁缝店。IwaswalkingalongthestreetsJustatthemomentIcaughtsightofatailor’sshop我在街上走。就在那时我看见一家裁缝店。句型while引导的从句while除了有“当在……时候”的意思外(注意:引导的句子谓语动词只能是延续性动词!)另外的两层意思也是考查的重点:()while=although“尽管”、“虽然”引导让步状语从句()while的意思是“然而可是”常用来表达对比关系。例句WhileIadmitthattheproblemisdifficult,Idon’tthinkthattheycan’tbesolved尽管我承认这个问题很难但是我并不认为无法解决。WhileIadmithisgoodpoints,Icanseehisshortcomings虽然我承认他的优点我也能看出他的缺点。WhileIwasangrywithher,Ididn’tlosemytemper虽然我很生气但我当时没有对她发脾气。WhileIunderstandyourviewpoint,Idon’tagreewithyou虽然我了解你的见解我还是不能同意(你)。Iearnonlydollarsaweek,whilesheearnsdollars我一星期只赚美元她却赚美元。句型where…(地点从句)注意where引导地点从句时可以引导定语从句或是逻辑地点状语从句。当它在定语从句中作地点状语指代地点时这时可以用inwhich,onwhich,atwhich,towhich,fromwhich等结构代替。但是它引导逻辑地点状语从句时没有这样用法。例句Youshouldputthebookwhereitwas把书放回原处。Persistentpeoplebegintheirsuccesswhereothersendinfailure不屈不挠者从他人失败的地方获取成功。Wherethereisawill,thereisaway有志者事竟成。Wheremenaregreedy,thereisneverpeace人类贪欲不止世界和平无望。Gowhereyoushould,keeponstudying无论你到哪里你都应该继续学习。Thatisthebuildingwheremyfatherworks那是我父亲工作的大楼。YesterdayIwenttothedepartmentstore,whereImetmyteacher昨天我去百货公司就在那儿遇见了我的老师。That’swhereachangeisneeded那就是需要变更的地方。Wecouldseetherunnersverywellfromwherewestood从我们所站的地方能很清楚地看到赛跑的选手。Youshouldletyourchildrenplaywhereyoucanseethem你应该让小孩在你的视线所及的地方玩耍。Potatoescanbegrowninplaceswhereitistoocoldtogrowrice=Potatoescanbegrowninplaceswhereitistoocoldtogrowrice(本句where引导定语从句)有些地方太冷不能种水稻但可以种马铃薯。请比较下面的句子结构的不同Potatoescanbegrownwhereitistoocoldtogrowrice(本句where引导地点状语从句)句型what引导的从句what在英语中非常活跃,它可以用来引导主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句但是不用来引导定语从句。在句子里可以充当主语、宾语、表语、定语既可以指人也可以指物。例句Whatisthepopulationoftheworld世界的人口有多少?Whatdidyoupayforthispicture这幅画你付了多少钱?Whatismostimportantinlifeisn’tmoney人生最重要的并非是金钱。Willyoushowmewhatyoubought可以把你所买的东西给我看一下吗?MaryisnolongerwhatshewastenyearsagoMary已经不是年前的她了。句型as引导的非限制性定语从句在as引导的非限制性定语从句中连接代词as在句子中可以作主语、宾语或表语等可以指人或物。其在定语从句中的位置比较灵活即可以在句子前面在句子中间或句子末尾。常用的结构有:asweallknowasiswellknownto…asisoftenthecaseasissaidmentionedaboveashasbeensaidbeforeasItoldyoubeforeasisevidentasoftenhappensascanbeseenasiswasexpectedasweexpectasIcanremember等。注意as通常只指整个句子的内容不表示部分内容。注意as引导的非限制性定语从句通常指“事先可以预料到的”“料想到的”表达“好”的方面。注意as引导限制性定语从句时常构成thesame…as…such…as…soas…as…等结构。在从句中既可以指人、物也可以指整个句子。例句Thisisalsopartofyourwork,asItoldyoubefore我曾告诉过你这也是你工作的一部分。Themanwasateacher,aswasevidentfromhiswayofspeaking从那人说话的样子可明显看出他是个老师。Suchideasashehitsonareworthless像他那样偶然想起的主意是无用的。It’sthesamestoryasIheardfromheryesterday这故事跟我从她那儿听到的相同。Hewillmarryasprettyagirlashecanfind他要尽可能找漂亮的女孩结婚。Suchpeopleashavemadegreatcontributionstotheworldshouldbegreatlyrespected那些对世界做出巨大贡献的人们应该受到极大的尊重。句型which引导的非限制性定语从句(也引导限制性定语从句)which引导的非限制性定语从句既可以指整个句子内容也可以指句子的部分内容(如单词或词组等)在句子中可以作主语、宾语(动词或介词的)、定语等。注意它在句子中的位置:只能放在主句后不能放在主句前。表达的内容是“不好的”、“事先没有预料到的”等时常用which只指物。例句YellowstoneNationalPark,whichisinWyoming,isoneofthemostbeautifulnationalparksintheworld黄石国家公园位于怀俄明州是世界上最美丽的国家公园之一。Theclock,whichmygrandfatherbought,isstillingoodorder这时钟是我祖父买的现在还走时很准。Thepicture,forwhichhepaidanenormousamountofmoney,wasaforgery那幅画他花了一大笔钱购买却是幅赝品。Shechangedhermindagain,whichmadeusallangry她又改变了主意这使我们大家都生气了。IlivedthreeyearsinParis,duringwhichtimeIlearnedFrench我在巴黎住了三年在那期间我学了法语。Theweatherturnedouttobeverygood,whichwasmorethanwecouldexpect天气结果转晴句型()、疑问词everwhatever,whoever,whichever,whenever,wherever,however用来引导让步状语从句相当于nomatter和what,who,which,when,where,how连用。例句Whatever(=Nomatterwhat)mayhappen,weshallnotlosehope无论发生什么事我们都不能失去希望。Whateverreasonsyou(may)have,youshouldcarryoutapromise无论你有什么理由你都应该遵守诺言。Whoever(=Nomatterwho)comes,hewillbewarmlywelcome无论谁来都会受到热烈欢迎。Whenever(=Nomatterwhen)ithappened,itwascertainlynotyesterday此事无论发生在何时但绝不是昨天。Wheneveryou(may)call,youwillfindhersittingbythewindow无论什么时候你去找她你都会看到她坐在窗边。Wherever(=Nomatterwhere)hewent,hemadefriendswithpeopleWhichever(=Nomatterwhich)ofthemyoumanychoose,thequalitywillbethesame他们当中不论你选哪一个品质都一样。However(=Nomatterhow)hardIhavetried,Ican’tfindtheanswer()、whatever,whoever,whichever,whomever等引导名词性从句这时不能用nomatter疑问词替换。例句Takewhicheveryouwant你要哪个就拿哪个。Wewilldowhateverwecantohelphimout我们要尽力帮助他摆脱困境。I’llshowyouwhateveryouwanttosee你想看什么我就给你看什么。Whoeverdidthisjobmustberewarded无论谁做这件事都要得到报酬。Whoeverwalksaroundinsuchaheavyrainwillcatchacold任何人在这种大雨中行走都会患感冒。Youmayinvitewhomever(口语中常用whoever代替)youliketotheparty你可以邀请你喜欢的人来参加晚会。Takewhatevermagazinesyouwanttoread你可以取阅任何你想读的杂志。倒装结构句型全倒装句型(一)here,there,out,in,up,down,now,then,away等副词放在句首句子需要全部倒装例句Theregoesthebell!=Thebellisringing铃响了!Herecomesthebus=Thebusiscoming汽车来了。Nowcomesyourturntomakeashortspeech该轮到你发言了。AwaywentthethiefwhenhesawthepoliceThencamethehourwehadbeenlookingforwardto我们期盼的时候到了。注意()在这种情况下倒装仅限于不及物动词或be动词像go,come,rush,live,stand,lie等。()主语是人称代词时不要倒装。如:Awayhewent他走远了。句型全倒装句型(二)表示方位的状语放在句首句子全倒装谓语动词多为be,lie,stand,sit,come,walk,run,stopetc不及物动词。例句Onahillinfrontofthemstandsagreatcastle在他们面前的山上矗立着一座巨大的城堡。Infrontofthehousestoppedapolicecar房子的全面停着一辆警车。Aroundthecornerwalksayoungpoliceman拐角处有个年轻的警察在行走。Underthetreesataboyofaboutten在树下坐着一个大约岁的男孩。句型全倒装句型(三)(表语)adjvingved(地点状语)be(或其他动词形式)…Soadjadv…that…如此……以至于……(so引导的句子倒装而that引导的句子不倒装!)(这种结构是半倒装句。)例句Presentatthemeetingwerethemanager,allthedesignersandthewriter出席会议的有经理设计师和词作者。FastenedtothepoleistheNationalflag旗杆上有一面国旗。Hiddenbehindthedoorweresomenaughtychildren有几个顽皮的孩子藏在门后面。Sittingatthebackoftheclassroomwereseveraloldteachers,listeningattentivelytothenewteacher坐在教室后面的是几位老教师他们在认真地听新教师的课。Gonearethedayswhenfarmerslivedinthepoorhouses农民住在破旧房子里的日子过去了。TypicalforChinaisthecrosstalkshow,whereapairofcomediansentertainstheaudiencewithwordplay相声是中国典型的喜剧两个演员通过玩弄词藻来逗乐观众。SoclearlydoeshespeakEnglishthathecanalwaysmakehimselfunderstood他说英语非常清晰别人都能听懂他的话。Sofastdoeslighttravelthatwecanhardlyimagineitsspeed光运行非常快我们几乎无法想象它的速度。句型半倒装句(一)否定意义的副词或短语放在句首句子半倒装。这样的副词主要有:little,seldom,hardly,rarely,scarcely,never,notatall,bynomeans(决不),atnotime(在任何时候都不)nowhere,innocase(无论如何都不)notintheleast(=notatall),onnocondition(决不)等。例句NevershallIforgetyouAtnotimewasthemanawareofwhatwashappening那个人根本没有注意到发生的情况。LittledidIunderstandwhathesaidtomeatthattime我那时几乎没有明白他给我说的话。It’sbeyonddescriptionNowhereelseintheworldcantherebesuchaquiet,beautifulplace那真是用语言难以形容。世界上没有其他地方会有这么安静、美丽的地方了。Notasinglemistakedidhemakeintheexam他在考试中没有犯一个错误。Bynomeansaretheseworksofartsatisfactory这些艺术品根本不能令人满意。Onnoconditionshouldyouvisitthatplace你决不能去那个地方。句型半倒装句(二)notonly…,butalso…(前一分句倒装后一分句不倒装)例句Notonlywaseverythinghehadtakenawayfromhim,butalsohisGermancitizenshipwastakenaway不仅他拥有的一切被那走了就连他的德国国籍也被取消了。Theysuggestednotonlyshouldweattendthepartybutalsogiveaperformance他们建议我们不仅要参加晚会还要进行表演。Notonlyshouldwestudentsstudyhard,wealsoshouldknowhowtoenjoyourselvesinoursparetime我们学生不仅要学习好还应该知道在课余时间怎样享受生活。句型半倒装句(三)neither,nor放在句首例句Ifyoudon’tgotoseethemovie,neitherwillI如果你不去看电影我也不去。Whydidn’tyoubuythejacketNeitherwasthepricesatisfactory,nordidthecoloragreewithme价格不能令人满意颜色也不太适合我。Idon’tlikehim,nordoIcareabouthim我不喜欢他也不关心他。句型半倒装句(四)“only状语”放在句首句子半倒装例句Onlywhenthewarwasoverdidhereturntowork直到战争结束他才回去工作。Onlyafteryouhavereachedeighteencanyoujointhearmy你只有到了岁才能参军。Onlyinthatwaywillwebereadyforthechallengesandopportunitiesinlife只有这样我们对生活中的机遇和挑战才会有充分的准备。Onlybychangingthewaywelivewillwebeabletosavetheearth只有改变生活方式我们才能拯救地球。注意这种结构的倒装只在only引导状语的时候使用only引导主语的时候不用倒装。Onlyinthiswaycanyouworkouttheproblem你只有用这种方法才能做出题目。Onlythiswaycanhelpyouworkouttheproblem只有这种方法才能帮你做出题目。句型半倒装句(五)sobe动词助动词情态动词等主语“……也……”(表示肯定意思)neithernor动词助动词情态动词等主语“……也……”(表示否定意思)例句Sheisinterestedinthestory,soamIHeenjoysplayingtheguitar,sodoIIsawthefilmlastnight,sodidheInthepastyears,oursocietyhaschangedalot,sohaveoureatinghabits近年来。我们的社会发生了很大的变化我们的饮食习惯也变了。Tomdidn’tattendthemeetinglastnightnordidMaryTom没来参加昨晚的会议Mary也没来。IhaveneverbeenabroadNeitherNorhasTom比较“so主语助动词”表示肯定已有的观点或事实例句–Wehaveallworkedhardthesedays–Sowehave(的确如此)Ipromisedtohelphim,andsoIdid(我确实帮助他了)比较“主语助动词so”表示按照别人的要求去做例句ThewoundedlittleboyaskedmetolifthimupandIdidsoThedoctoraskedCharlietobreathedeeplyandhedidso句型soitiswithsomebody=it’sthesamewithsomebody前者怎么样后者也怎么样注意前面既有否定句又有肯定句或有多个谓语动词或助动词难以选择时用此句型。例句JohnlikesEnglishbuthedoesn’tlikemaths,soitiswithme(soitisthesamewithme)Tomisastudentandhestudieshard,soitiswithme–Hewasreallymanlyenoughtoberesponsibleforwhathehaddone他像个男子汉敢于对自己的所作所为负责。–Sohewas,andsoitwaswithyou他的确如此你当时也一样。虚拟语气句型(从句)Ifweredid(动词的过去式)(主句)主语wouldmightshouldcoulddo(表示对现在情况的假设)例句IfIwereyou,Iwouldnotbesoproud如果我是你我不会如此自负。Idon’thaveacellphoneIfIhadone,itwouldbeconvenientformetogetintouchwithothersIfIwereinyourposition,Iwouldthinkbetterofit如果我处在你的位置我会好好考虑它。句型(从句)Ifhaddone,(主句)主语wouldmightshouldcouldhavedone(表示对过去或已经发生事情的虚拟假设)例句Whatapityitisthatyoudidn’tattendtheconcertyesterday!Ifyouhadattendedtheconcert,youwouldhaveseenthefamoussinger真遗憾昨天你没有去听音乐会。如果你去了就能见到那位著名歌手。Anyoneinhispositionwouldhavedonethesame=Ifanyonehadbeeninhisposition,hewouldhavedonethesame任何处在他位置的人都会这样做的。句型(从句)Ifweredid(动词过去式)weretodoshoulddo(主句)主语wouldmightshouldcoulddo(表示对将来的假设)例句Ifheshouldrefuse(=Ifheweretorefuse=Ifherefused),itdidn’tmatteratall万一他拒绝了那也没关系。Ifyoushouldn’tpassthecollegeentranceexamination,whatwouldyoudo万一高考不中你该怎么办?句型虚拟语气条件句的倒装在虚拟条件句中如果出现有were,had,should可以

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