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首页 如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记

如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记.doc

如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记

song文生
2019-05-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记doc》,可适用于综合领域

如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记(byJack翟少成)如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记翟少成众所周知为了模拟北美大学课堂的学术气氛和学生在校园生活的方方面面新托福考试的口语部分首次允许考生做课堂笔记(笔记考完要上交但笔记不算分)、并要求考生能够发表自己的意见和看法而且必须具备对教授推荐的参考书写出读书报告、阐明自己观点的能力以及其他处理校园生活中可能遇到的各种情况的能力。本文拟对新托福口语考试(包括独立口语任务和综合口语任务)中如何做笔记的问题做深人地分析和探讨。NotetakingintheIndependentTask该部分要求考生就某一自己熟悉的话题阐述自己的观点。一类问题是自由回答间题(FreechoiceResponse)如:Ifyoucouldhaveanyjobintheworld,whatwoulditbeUsedetailstosupportyourresponse另一类是选择类问题(PairedchoiceResponse)如:DoyouliketotrynewkindsoffoodoreatthesamekindoffoodallthetimeUsedetailsandexamplestosupportyourresponse,准备时间为秒回答问题时间为秒。问题会被朗读出来且同时出现在屏幕上。考生可以不用理会电脑的朗读迅速阅读完问题。这样可以争取大概秒那么在这大约秒内考生可在草稿纸上迅速记下自己所要表达的关键信息。这里记笔记的方法为“TST表格”。TST(TopicSupportingideasTransitions)意思是考生须在草稿纸上用一到两个词写下欲表达的Topic(主题)Supportingideas(分论点)和Transitions(信号词)。下面试举一例:Question:WherewouldyouwanttobeprofessionallyintenyearsUsedetailstosupportyourresponse考生应迅速在纸上写下“ownbus”、“master”、“workcom”、“start”等信息见以下TST(TopicSupportingideasTransitions)表格。Topicstatement:ownbus(Iwouldliketoownmyownbusiness)Supportingideas:(HowIwillworktowardowningmybusiness)*master(Willgetmaster'sinbusiness)*workcom(Willworkincompanywhileplanningmybusiness)*start(WillstartmyownbusinesswhenIamready)Transitions:nextbecausewithiny(可用y代替years)SampleAnswerIntenyearsIwouldliketowinanimportbusinessofmyownNextyear,Iwillbestartingamaster'sprograminbusinesswithaspecializationinentrepreneurshipIwillbegettingthisdegreebecauseIhopetostartmyownbusinessandmakeitsuccessfulsomedayAfterIfinishmymaster'sdegreethreeyearsfromnow,IwillmostlikelytakeapositioninanothercompanyforafewyearstomakesomemoneyandtospendsometimeplanningmyownbusinessWithintenyears,Ihopetoownmyowncompanyandbeonthewaytomakingitasuccess再举一例:Question:SometimesstudentshavetowritepapersSometimestheyhavetogiveoralpresentationsWhichactivitydoyouthinkisbetterforstudents,andwhyIncludedetailsandexamplesinyourexplanation考生应迅速在纸上写下“pap”、“strongreadwriteexams”、“moretimethinkdeeply”等信息。见以下TST(TopicSupportingideasTransitions)表格::Topic:pap(writingpapersisbetterforstudents)Supportingideas:(Whywritingpapersisbetter)*strongreadwriteexams(needstrongwritingskillsforreadingandwritingandprepareforexams)*moretimethinkdeeply(showunderstandingformoretimetoexplainandthinkdeeply)Transitions:firstlybecause,soalsoSampleAnswerIthinkwritingpapersisbetterforstudentsFirstlyweneedtodevelopstrongwritingskillsWegotoschoolmainlytolearnreadingandwriting,soweneedalotofpracticeExaminationsrequirealotofwriting,sowritingpapersisgoodreparationAlso,IthinkwritingisabetterwaytoshowthatIunderstandWhenIwriteapaper,IcanthinkdeeplybecauseIhavemoretimetoexplainmyideas为了给读者更多机会练习使用“TST表格”特提供一下个问题供大家练习。补充练习:DescribeaplacethatyouconsidertobebeautifulExplainwhycertainqualitiesofthisplacemakeitbeautifulIncludedetailsandexamplestosupportyourexplanationSomepeoplerelaxbystayinghomeOthersrelaxbygoingoutWhichtypeofrelaxationisbetterforyourandwhyIncludedetailsandexamplesinyourexplanationDescribeanoccasionwhenyouweresurprisedWhathappenedtoyou,andwhydidyoufeelsurprisedIncludedetailsandexamplesinyourexplanationSomestudentspreparefortestsbystudyingaloneOtherspreparefortestsbystudyingwithotherstudentsoratutorWhichstudymethoddoyouthinkisbetter,andwhyIncludedetailsandexamplesinyourexplanationWhattypeofhomewouldyouliketoliveinDescribethecharacteristicsofsuchahomeandexplainwhyyouwouldliketolivethereIncludedetailsandexamplesinyourexplanationSomepeopleexerciseearlyinthemorningOthersexerciseintheafternoonoreveningWhichtimeofdaydoyouthinkisbetterforexercisingandwhyIncludedetailsandexamplesinyourexplanationNotetakingintheIntegratedTasksReadingListeningSpeaking第题和第题以试题中的阅读和听力材料为基础要求考生回答相关问题。即Reading-Listening-Speaking具体步骤是首先要求考生在秒内阅读一篇短文一般只含一个段落随后短文隐去播放一段与短文相关的对话或课堂演讲其长度大约为分半钟(比listeningsection中的材料篇幅要短)。最后要求考生根据先前阅读的短文和所听到的材料回答相关问题考生有秒钟的准备时间然后进行秒钟的回答。而第题和第题要求考生先听一段听力材料然后回答相关问题。即ListeningSpeaking,听力材料通常有一段是情景对话另一段是课堂演讲其长度大约为分半钟。考生有秒钟的准备时间之后进行秒钟的回答。在综合口语任务里你所需要记笔记的内容就是在读短文和听材料的过程中记下材料中的“mainpoints”、“examples”、“reasons”等等。.而是否能很快识别“信号词”(SignalWords)成为其中的关键。“信号词”(SignalWords或Transitions)是我们用来“追踪”说话人的思路的词汇它就像“路标”一样指引着旅行者的方向。有了信号词我们就知道说话人何时要举例子何时要下结论何时要解释原因等等。)信号词*信号词的分类种类例词所表达的含义时间顺序TimeSequencefirst,later,next,finally,before,after,now,previously,last,then,when,immediately,formerly,subsequently,presently,initially,ultimatelymeanwhile说话人想按时间顺序叙述事件举例Exampleforexample,suchas,forinstance,illustrate举例子说明:BlackEnglishusedtobeconsideredsimplypoorEnglishuntillinguistsrealizedthatthesocallederrorswereactuallyconsistentalternativegrammaticalforms,someofwhichoriginatedinAfricanlinguisticpatternsForexample,theword"be"instandardEnglishisprimarilyusedaspartoftheinfinitive"tobe"ButinBlackEnglish,"be"canalsobeusedtoindicatearepeatedactionorexistentialstate(Labov,)列举Enumerationand,too,finally,furthermore,first(ly),second,third,last,another,next说话人罗列观点(有时想暗示各观点不同的重要性):Firstly,IwouldliketotalkaboutclassicalmusicanditsrepresentativecomposersNextIwouldliketotalkaboutJazzmusicandsomeinfluentialalbumsinthehistoryofJazzFinally,Iwillmoveontopopmusicinthelastcentury补充Continuationalso,inaddition,and,further,another,aswellas说话人在继续讨论同一话题并欲补充更多的信息:Acomputerisoftencalleda“thinkingmachine,”andinmanywaysitisjustthatComputersperformdifficultandtimesavingmathematicalcomputations,aswellasproblemsinlogicandreasoningInaddition,computersrunothermachinesandanswerquestionsAlso,theyareusedtoguideastronautsontakeoff比较或反差ComparisonorContrast比较类like,likewise,as,similarly,atthesametime,aswellas,both,all,incomparison,反差类ontheotherhand,incontrast,despite,nevertheless,yet,instead,rather,notwithstanding,though,regardless,unlike,although,eventhough,whereasbut,inspiteof,onthecontrary,however,说话人想说出一个与之前的观点相同不甚相同甚至是相反的观点:ThesexoftheinstructoraffectedtheextentofactivestudentparticipationInclassestaughtbymenwithroughlyequalproportionsofmaleandfemalestudents,malestudentswereresponsibleforaboutofallclassdiscussionSimilarly,withwomenasinstructors,femalestudentparticipationrosefromtoincontrast,maleparticipationslippedfromto强调Emphasisimportanttonote,most,aboveall,especiallyvaluable,acentralissue,especiallyrelevant,shouldbenoted,themostsubstantialissue,rememberthat,amajorevent,theprincipalitem,payparticularattentionto,thechieffactor,mostofall,asignificantfactor,aprimaryconcern,akeyfeature,themainvalue说话人想说出最重要最核心的内容说话人用这些词引起听众的注意:Althoughtheresourcesofourworldarelimited,thewantsofpeoplearenotIndeed,oneofthemostimportantassumptionsofeconomicsisthatthetotalhumanwantscanneverbesatisfiedNomatterhowmuchwehave,weseemtowantmoreAspeople'sincomeincrease,sodoestheirdesireformoreandbettergoodsandservices因果CauseEffectbecause,accordingly,forthisreason,hence,resulting,asaresult,so,then,thus,therefore,since,consequently说话人欲表现两个或多个事物之间的联系,尤其是它们之间的因果关系:Atherosclerosisistheresultofthebuildupoffat,fibrin,partsofdeadcells,andcalciumontheinsideofthearteriesNooneknowswhatcausesthisdisease,butanumberofthingscanspeeditsdevelopmentTheseincludesmokingcigarettesandeatinganimalfatandcholesterolOthersincludeage,hypertension,diabetes,stress,heredity,andsex(maleshavemoreheartattacks)总结Summarythus,inshort,toconclude,inbrief,intheend,insummary,toreiterate,inconclusion,tosumup,finally,therefore,thus,asalreadystated说话人欲复述或总结之前的话语:Euthanasiaisdefinedasmercykilling,eitherbythesickpeoplethemselvesorbytheirrelativesorclosefriendsOnecontroversialdoctorisastrongproponentofthisact:DrJackKrevorkianDrKrevorkianhaspubliclyadmittedtogivingassistancetopeoplewhohavecommittedsuicideAsaresult,hehasbeencalledasaintbysome,amurdererbyothers定义Definitiondefine,isdefinedas,knownas,thatis,thetermmeans,wemean,wecanstate,wereferto说话人欲给术语下定义:OurcountryhasbeenobsessedwithyouthforfartoomanyyearsAgehasbeendefinedonlyasadeclinefromapeakofyouthAgeisafateworsethandeathNegativestereotypesofolderpeoplearereinforceddailyinthepopularmedia,whichcontainveryfewexamplesofanyoneorolderdoinganythingactiveordynamicinsociety   *信号词识别练习为了让大家具有迅速识别信号词的能力提供以下两则练习大家做这两则练习时关键要在尽量短的时间内完成。将下表中的信号词添人适当的横线中forexampledifferconsequentlythereforealikemostsignificantmoreoverasaresulthowevermostimportantinadditionsuchasbutforexamplesimilarlyalsojustasespeciallyvaluableEmphasisAddition(Continuation)ComparisonContrastIllustration(Example)请大家尽快划出下列短文中的信号词。短文后的数字暗示该短文中信号词的数量。*OneofthemostpersistentdesiresofhumanbeingshasbeentoindulgeinmoodhangingandpleasuregivingpracticesForinstance,diversecultureshaveengagedinthedrinkingofalcoholicbeveragesofalldescriptionsButaswithmostpleasure,overindulgencecanbeharmfultooneselfandothersAlso,noteveryoneagreesthatdrinkingorusingothermoodmodifiersshouldbeanacceptedpleasure(signalwords)*EnergyisusedtocausechemicalchangesForexample,achemicalchangeoccursintheelectroplatingofmetalswhenelectricalenergyispassedthroughasaltsolutioninwhichthemetalissubmergedAchemicalchangealsooccurswhenradiantenergyfromthesunisutilizedbyplantsintheprocessofphotosynthesisMoreover,aswesay,achemicalchangeoccurswhenheatcausesmercuricoxidetodecomposeChemicalchangesareoftenusedtoproduceenergyratherthannewsubstancesTheheatorthrustgeneratedduringthecombustionoffuelsismoreimportantthantheproductsformed(signalwords)*ButeventhosepreagriculturalpeoplewhohadfairlystationarylivingsitesdidnotdevelopincivilizingwayscomparabletothefarmersAgricultureprobablyrequiredafargreaterdisciplinethandidanyformoffoodcollectingSeedshadtobeplantedatcertainseasons,someprotectionhadtobegiventothegrowingplantsandanimals,harvestshadtobereapedstored,anddividedThuswemightarguethatitwasneitherleisuretimenorasedentaryexistencethatproducedgreatchangesinhumancultureThecausewasratherthemorerigorousdemandsassociatedwithanagriculturalwayoflifeHumanitywaschangingplantsandanimalstosuititsneeds,andlivingincloserelationwithplantsandanimalswaschanginghumanswayoflife(signalwords))在阅读(Reading)短文时做笔记在第和第题中你会碰到两篇阅读短文你所需要记笔记的内容就是在读短文的过程中记下材料中的“mainpoint”以及“examples”和“reasons”等等。切忌写下过多的细节或为了记笔记而忽略了中心思想。见下例(注意加黑处的信号词):IsaacAsimovIsaacAsimov()wasanamazingauthorwhowroteanastoundingamountofmaterialonanevenmoreastoundingvarietyofsubjectsHisliterarystudiesincludedlinebylineanalysesofalloftheplayofShakespearehishistoricalresearchincludedworksonthehistoryofGreece,theRomanEmpire,England,andFrancehealsowrotewellresearchedtomesonphysics,chemistry,andastronomyWhatheismostlikelybestknownfortoday,however,issciencefiction:hisFoundationseriesonagalacticempireinspiredbyGibbon'sDeclineandFalloftheRomanEmpireandtheRobotseriesaboutafuturesocietywherehumansandrobotscoexistIntotal,Asimovwrotemorethanbooksonthiswidevarietyofsubjects从信号词我们知道:TOPICOFREADINGPASSAGE:authorIsaacAsimovMainpointsaboutAsimov:*wroteahugeamountofmaterial(morethanbooks)*wroteonawidevarietyoftopics(literaryanalysis,history,physics,chemistry,astronomy,sciencefiction)以下是两篇阅读短文请迅速识别出其信号词并做出笔记:TheDeadSeaTheMiddleEasternbodyofwatercalledBahrLutinArabicisknownastheDeadSeainEnglishThisbodyofwaterissaidtobe"dead"notbecauseitisthedriedoutremnanttosurviveinitTheDeadSeaisalandlockedbodyofwaterwiththeJordanRiverasitssourceandnooutletItshighsaltcontent,whichresultsfromtherapidevaporationduetotheareasextremelyhightemperatures,makesitthesaltiestbodyofwateronEarthPollingPollingis,ofcourse,asurveyofcertainpeopletofindouthowtheyfeelaboutanissueoraboutacandidateforagovernmentpostinanelectionPollinginvolves,simply,askingpeoplehowtheyfeelaboutanissueorapersonandthemtallyingtheresultsWhenitisnotfeasibletocontacteveryoneinvolvedtofindoutwhateachpersonthinksbecausethereare,forexample,toomanypeopletocontacteachoneindividually,thenarepresentativesampleofpeoplecanbepolledandtheresultsoftherepresentativesamplecanbeattributedtothepopulationasawhole)在听对话或讲座时做笔记(Listening)在听讲座或对话时你需要关注主要观点(majorpoints)以及为了支撑其观点所使用的例子(examples)和原因(causes)ListeningPassage:(Professor):NowI'msureyou'reallwonderinghowAsimovmanagedtowritesomuchWell,thesimpleanswer'sthathedidalmostnothingexceptwritingbecausethat'swhathewasdriventodoAsimov'snormalroutinewastospendtime,alotoftime,writingeverydayHeusuallygotupato'clockinthemorninghewasatworkwritingby:inthemorning,andhewroteuntilo'clockintheeveningThat'salotoftimetospendwritingThisdesiretospendsomuchtimewritingpromptedAsimovhimselftosay"WritingismyonlyinterestEvenspeakingisaninterruption"TOPICOFLISTENINGPASSAGE:howAsimovwrotesomuchMainpointsabouttopic:*Asimovwrotefrom:inthemorningtoo'clockintheevening*Asimovsaid,"Writingismyonlyinterest")整合笔记最终开口(Speaking)以上我们讨论过如何在读文章和听材料时做笔记现在我们已经拥有两份笔记可以开始答题了不过答题以前需要明确以下几点:*你的准备时间为秒回答时间为分钟回答须同时包括所听的材料和所读文章中的信息*在答题时不要涉及个人观点不要说例如“Ithink”之类的话。你的回答应该仅仅跟所读的文章和所听的材料有关。*在ReadingListeningSpeaking部分中可能会问你以下几个向题:复述对话中所涉及到的一个观点总结说话人得出某个观点的原因描述听力材料中教挽谈及的问题解释听力材料与阅读材料的联系*此部分的评分标准听力和阅读材料中提炼出相关信息用听力和阅读材料中的适当细节和观点答题观点表达前后连贯一致表达清晰易懂*在秒钟的准备时间中请务必仔细阅读问题的题干听完材料后查阅阅读材料和听力材料的笔记提炼主要观点和说出支撑论点的~个分论点。*回答时间为分钟时间应该完全够用。语速适中切记不要着急请留意时间你有秒来展开每一个分论点。*表达必须连贯一致符合逻辑顺序适当使用SignalWords,如下:*如欲介绍两个材料中的主要观点:Theman'sopinionisthatThewomanbelievesthatAccordingtothelectureTheprofessormadethepointthatThereadingstatesthat请看以下例子:例:ReadingFUNGIANDPLANTDISEASEOfalltheorganismsresponsiblefordiseasesinplants,fungicausethemostproblemsAlthoughafungusistechnicallyasmallplant,itcannotmakeitsownfoodandthereforesurvivesbybeingaparasitelivingoffotherplanthostsAcommonfungus,southernblight,affectsmanyvegetables,includingtomatoesandpotatoesItappearsasafuzzywhitegrowthontheplant'sstemnearsoillevelWhentheplantisinfectedwiththeblight,itwiltsandthendiesThefungusmayspreadtothesoil,whereitcansurviveforyearsListeningandSpeaking(Narrator)Nowlistentopartofalectureinabotanyclass(Professor)Ofalltheorganismsresponsiblefordiseasesinplants,fungicausethemostproblemsAlthoughafungusistechnicallyasmallplant,itcannotmakeitsownfoodandthereforesurvivesbybeingaparasitelivingoffotherplanthostsAcommonfungus,southernblight,affectsmanyvegetables,includingtomatoesandpotatoesItappearsasafuzzywhitegrowthontheplant'sstemnearsoillevelWhentheplantisinfectedwiththeblight,itwiltsandthendiesThefungusmayspreadtothesoil,whereitcansurviveforyearsBecauseafunguscansurviveforyearsinsoil,thebestwaytocontrolsuchadiseaseistoremoveanddestroytheinfectedplants,aswellassixcentimetersofsoilaroundthemAvoidspreadingdiseasebywashingoffyourtoolsandyourshoeswhenyougofromaninfectedareatoahealthypartofyourgardenAttheendofthegardeningseason,doacompletecleanupYoucanalsokeepdiseaseawaybyrotatingcropsCroprotationcanbeeffectiveinpreventingsoilbornedisease,especiallywhenthediseaseiscausedbyafungusthatlikesspecificplantsForexample,thefungusthatcausessouthernblightisattractedtotomatoesOncethisfungusispresent,itwillthriveinthesoilfromyeartoyear,attackingthetomatoplantsWithcroprotation,youdon'tgrowthesameplantinthesameplaceforatleastthreeconsecutiveyearsSo,forexample,ifyougrowtomatoesoneyear,thenextyearyoushouldn'tplanttomatoesinthesameplaceByplantingsomethingelsethesecondandthirdyears,anytomatolovingfungusthatsurvivedthewinterwouldn'thaveanytomatoplantstofeedonWiththreeyearsbetweenplantingtomatoes,thefunguswilldieofffromlackofahostplantQuestion(Narrator)Explainwaysthatagardenercancontrolplantdiseasecausedbyafungus,andexplainwhythesemethodswork(PreparationTime:secondsResponseTime:seconds)HerearetwonotesthattwostudentstookduringthesamplelectureAddotherwordsandphrasesthatyouthinkareimportanttorememberaboutthelectureStudentStudentfungus,soil,yearscontrolfungusdestroyplants,soilaroundremovecmsoilwashtools,shoescroprotationspecific,tomatoblightfunguscausediseasecroprotationsoilyeartoyeartomatoesyearsdon'tplantsameplacetomatosevyrsbetwotherplantsfungusdieofffungusdie,lackhostResponsebyStudentAgardenercancontrolplantdiseasecausedbyafungusOnewayistodestroysickplantsandalsodestroythesoilaroundplantsThismethodworksbecauseafunguslivesinthesoilAnotherwayistowashtoolsandshoesThiswillavoidspreadingthediseaseAnotherwayistousecroprotationforatomatoblightDon'tplanttomatoesinthesameplaceeveryyearThismethodworksbecausethefunguswilldieoffThereasonistherearenotomatoplantstoeatResponsebyStudentAfunguskillsplantsbecauseitlivesinthesoilYoucancontrolfungusbyremovinginfectedplantsandsixcentimetersofthesoilAlso,croprotationcancontrolplantdiseasecausedbyafungusThefunguslivesinsoilyeartoyear,socroprotationisthreeyearsForexample,planttomatoesinthefirstyearInthesecondandthirdyear,plantotherplantsCroprotationcausesthefungustodiebecauseitlacksahostplant点评:两位学生都较圆满地完成了任务不但提供了两个材料中的相关信息发展观点时也使用了适当的细节而且表达前后连贯一致。听完这个材料后你所做的笔记应该类似于下面的文字:例:Listening(Woman)Hi,Brett(Man)Hi,Karen(Woman)Youdon'tlooktoohappy,BrettIsanythingthematter(Man)YoucantellI'mupsetjustbylookingatme(Woman)Yeah,it'sprettyobviousYouwanttotellmewhat'sbotheringyou(Man)Well,it'sthatImhavingtroubleinmyeconomicsclass,andIjusttalkedtotheprofessorShedidn'tseemtoosympathetic(Woman)Shedidn'tWhat'stheproblem(Man)Well,it'sthatI'monthebaseballteam(Woman)IknowI'veseenyouplayButwhatdoesthathavetodowithyoureconomicsclass(Man)It'stheawaygamesThat'stheproblemTheawaygamesareallontheweekend,butusuallywhenwe'retravelingtoanotherschoolforaweekendgame,weleaveonFridayTheteambususuallyleavesaboutnoononFriday(Woman)Andthathassomethingtodowithyoureconomicsclass(Man)Yeah,myeconomicsclassmeetsonMondays,Wednesdays,andFridays,intheafternoon!(Woman)IseeSoyoumissyoureconomicsclassonceinawhileonFridayafternoons(Man)NotjustonceinawhileIt'sbeeneveryFridayforthelastfourweeks(Woman)Andyoutalkedtoyoureconomicsprofessoraboutthis(Man)Yes,IdidAndItoldherwhyImissedclassonFridays(Woman)Butshewasn'tverysympatheticyousaid(Man)Shewasn'tsympatheticatall(Woman)Ithinkthat'sbecauseyou'vemissedsomanyclassesListen,haveyouthoughtaboutswitchingtoadifferentsectionoftheclassIthinkthere'sanothersectionofthesameclassonTuesdaysandThursdays(Man)Ihadn'tthoughtaboutthatMaybethatwouldbesomethingtoconsider,sincemyprofessor'snotatallhappythatImissclasssomuch听完了这个材料后你所做的笔记应该类似于下面的文字:TOPICOFLISTENINGPASSAGE:problemmanishavingwitheconomicsclassMainpointsaboutproblem:*ManismissingeconomicsclassonFridaysbecauseheisonthebaseballteam*WomansuggestschangingtoadifferentsectionofeconomicsclassthatdoesnotmeetonFridays这道题的问题如下:QuestionHowdoesthewomanreacttotheman'sproblem用以上的笔记很容易回答这个问题别忘了使用一些信号词来组织自己的回答:SampleAnswerInthislisteningpassage,twostudentsdiscussaproblemthemanhaswithhiseconomicsclassFirst,themanexplainsthathehastheproblemthatheismissinghiseconomicsclassonFridaysbecauseheisonthebaseballteamandhetravelstoawaygamesonFridaysThenafterthewomanunderstandsthisproblem,shesuggeststhathechangetoadifferentsectionofeconomicsclass,onethatdoesnotmeetonFridays备考建议词汇准备:建立流畅表达所需要的词汇尤其是信号词。信号词的恰当使用会使你的表达更诚畅更连贯。发音准备:提高发音的同时尤其要主要单词重音和语音语调。录制准备:将自己的声音录下来听一听有什么问题。笔记准备:平时多听、多看大学讲座、纪录片和英语新闻边听边做笔记尽量抓住材料的主题。搜索更多相关主题的帖子:口语翟少成

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我知道了
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如何在新托福口语考试中做笔记

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