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首页 2008年职称英语考试理工类(B级)试题

2008年职称英语考试理工类(B级)试题.doc

2008年职称英语考试理工类(B级)试题

zhang世萍
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2008年职称英语考试理工类(B级)试题doc》,可适用于综合领域

年职称英语考试理工类(B级)试题年职称英语真题之理工类B级词汇选项:第部分:词汇选项(第~题,每题分,共分)下面每个句子中均有个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定个意义最为接近的选项。ShefoundmeverydullAdirtyBsleepyClazyDboringThePresidentmadeabriefvisittoBeijingAshortBworkingCformaDsecretHewaspersuadedtogivetheideaAmentionBacceptCconsiderDdrop转自学易网wwwstudyezcomJackconsumesapoundofcheesedayAeatsBdrinksCbuysDproducesMaryjusttoldusaveryfascinatingstoryAstrangeBfrighteningCdifficultDinterestingIt'sagorgeousdayanywayAlovelyBcoldCnormalDrainy转自学易网wwwstudyezcomHerlifeisbecomingmorediverseAgenerousBhumorousCvariedDromanticForeignmilitaryaidwasprolongingthewarAbroadeningBworseningCextendingDacceleratingShewasunwillingtogobutshehadnochoiceAunableBindecisiveCreadyDreluctantSheisslender,withdelicatewristsandanklesAsickBweakCslimDpaleWithimmenserelief,stoppedrunningAsomeBenormousClittleDextensiveThescientistsbegantoaccumulatedataAcollectBhandleCanalyzeDinvestigateJackeventuallyOvertookthelasttruck转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAhitBpassedCreachedDledSometimesitisadvisabletobookhotelsinadvanceApossibleBprofitableCeasyDwiseThereasonfortheirunusualbehaviorremainsapuzzleAfactBmysteryCstatementDgame转自学易网wwwstudyezcom年职称英语真题之理工类B级概括大意:第部分:概括大意与完成句子(第题,每题分,共分)下面的短文后有项测试任务:()第~题要求从所给的个选项中为第~’段每段选择个最佳标题()第~题要求从所给的个选项中为每个句子确定。个最佳选项。TheSupercomputerNetworkRecently,tenlaboratoriesrunbygovernmentsindifferentpartsoftheworldhavebecomelinkedTheircomputershavebeenconnectedsotheycan“talk”toeachotherThismaynotseemverydramaticnews,butitisthebeginningofadevelopmentthatwillincreasethepoweroftheInternettremendouslyThelnternetisaninterconnected(互联)systemofnetworksthatconnectscomputersroundtheworldandfacilitatesthetransmissionandexchangeofinformationThewaythatyouusetheIntermitisbyaccessingthisnetworkThisdependsonthepowerthatyoursystemallowsyoutouseThepowerofyourcomputerisresponsibleforhowfastyoucandownload(下载)files,howmuchdatayoucanstore,etcIfyourcomputerisoldandslow,accessingtheinformationcanbeverydifficult转自学易网wwwstudyezcomThenewdevelopmentininformationtechnologyhasbeencalled“thegrid”(网格技术),anditwillbeanetworkofcomputersthatarelinkedtogetherThe“grid”willworkinadifferentwayfromtheIinternetenablingyoutogetthepowerofthebiggestcomputersintheworldonyourcomputerAccessingtheinformationwillnolongerdependonthepowerofyourcomputerTheideaisthatwhileyouaccessinformation,youwillalsohave‘accesstothepowerofthebiggercomputerstations转自学易网wwwstudyezcomOneadvantageofthisrevolutionaryideaisthatgeographicallocationwillbecomeirrelevantThe“grid”willdecidewhicharethebestpartsofaworldwidenetworktodothejobyouwantThismeansthatyoumaybeaccessingacomputerInJapantosolveaprobleminAlaskaThe“grid”canbecomparedtohavinganefficientpersonalassistantYoucangaveyourassistantataskand“he”w{IlditforyouTheassistantwilldothepreliminaryresearch,collectthedata,comparethemanddecideonthebestcourseofactionbyaccessinganyofthecomputercentersinthe“grid”thathappentohavetherelevantinformationAilyouhavetodoisassignthetask,sitbackandwait转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAtpresentpossibleapplicationsofthe“grid”inscientificresearcharebeingexploredWhileithastakenaboutfifteenyearsforInternetusetobecomewidespread,expertsbelievethatthe“grid”couldbeusandrunningforprivateindividualsfarmorequicklyScientistsworking“grid’’projectsareconvincedthatitwillbeaswidelyusedasthewebinthenexttenyears转自学易网wwwstudyezcomParagraphParagraphParagraphParagraphAHowdoesthe“grid”workBPowersharedCJustmakearequestDLimitationsofpresentInternetuseEDistanceisnotaproblemFAnewerafortheInternetTraditionallythepowerofyourcomputerdetermineshowfastyoucanaccessThe“grid”willenableyoutogetonyourcomputerthepowerofThe“grid”wouldbelikewhocanperformyourtasksefficientlyItisbelievedthatthewidespreaduseofthe“grid”willbecomepossibleinthenext转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAthebiggercomputerstationsBtheadvantageCtenyearsDinformationEyourpersonalassistantFfifteenyears年职称英语真题之理工类B级阅读理解:第部分:阅读理解(第题,每题分,共分)下面有篇短文,每篇短文后有道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定个最佳选项。第一篇SunspotsIt'snotsurprisingthatsunspots(太阳黑子)wereobservedbyancientastronomers(天文学家)ThelargestsoupspoonthesuncanbeseenwithoutatelescopeItwasnotuntiltheinventionofthetelescope(望远镜)intheearlythcentury,however,thatsystematicstudiesofsunspotscouldbeundertakenThegreatastronomerGalileowasamongthefirsttomaketelescopicobservationsofsunspotsSunspotsareregionsofextremelystrongmagneticfields(磁场)foundonthesun’SsurfaceAsunspothasadarkcentralcoreknownastheumbraTheumbraissurroundedbyadarkringcalledthepenumbra,wherethemagneticfieldspreadsoutwardSunspotsappeardarkbecausetheyaregivingofflessradiationTheyarecoolerthantherestofthesun’SsurfaceSunspotsarefrequentlyobserved’in'pairsofinpairedgroupsThemembersofaspotpairareidentifiedastheleadingspotandthefollowingspotTheyareidentifiedbytheirpositioninthepairintermsofthedirectioninWhichthesunrotates(旋转)ThenumberofsunspotsatanyonetimevariesAlargespotgroupmayconsistofasmanyasgroupsandspotsacrossthesunThenumberofspotschangesinafairlyregularpatterncalledthesunspotcycleThelargestnumberoccursabouteveryyearsAtsunspotminimL{m,thereareatmostjustafewsmallspotsTheaveragelifetimeofanindividualspotgroupisroughlyonesolarrotation,whichisaboutdaysThemostpersistentlargeslops,howevercansurvivefortwotothreemonths转自学易网wwwstudyezcom转自学易网wwwstudyezcomCarefulobservationsandsystematicstudiesofsunspotsAweremadebyancientastronomersBstartedintheearlythcenturyCweremadebyGalileoonlyDcouldbemadewithoutatelescope转自学易网wwwstudyezcomSunspotsarecoolerthantherestofthesun'ssurfacebecauseAtheyproducelessenergyBtheyareburiedinthesunCtheyarefarawayfrommagneticfieldsDtheyareclosetomagneticfieldsTheleadingspotandthefollowingspotarethenamesofAtwolargesunspotsBalargespotandasmallspotCthetwospotsinaspotpairDthecentralcoreandtheringaroundit转自学易网wwwstudyezcomInfinitenesssunspotactivityhadoccurredin,thenextonewouldhavebeeninABCDInthelastparagraphtheword"persistentmeansAimportantBeffectiveCenduringDvisible转自学易网wwwstudyezcom第二篇WhereHaveAlltheBeesGoneScientistswhostudyinsectshavearealmysteryontheirhandsAllacrossthecountry,honeybeesareleavingtheirhives(蜂巢)andneverreturningResearcherscallthisphenomenoncolonycollapse(群体瘫痪)disorderItisreposedthattopercentofthehoneybeesintheUShavevanishedfromtheirhivessincelastfallSofar,noonecanexplainwhyColonycollapseisaseriousconcernbecausebeesplayanimportantroleintheproductionofaboutonethirdofthefoodsweeatAstheyfeed,honeybeesspreadpollen(花粉)fromflowertoflowerWithoutthisprocess,aplantcan’tproduceseedsorfruits转自学易网wwwstudyezcomNow,agroupofscientistsandbeekeepershaveteameduptotrytofigureoutwhat’ScausingthealarmingcollapseofSOmanycoloniesTheyhopetofindoutwhat’ScontributingtothedeclineandtopreventbeedisappearanceinthefutureItcouldbethatdiseaseiscausingthedisappearanceofthebeesToexplorethatpossibility,JayEvans,aresearcherattheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculture(SDA)BeeResearchLaboratory,examinesbeestakenfromcoloniesthatarecollapsing“WeknowwhatahealthybeeshouldLookLikeontheinsideandwecanlookforphysicalsignsofdisease”hesaysAndbeesfromcollapsingcoloniesdon’tlookveryhealthy“Theirstomachsareworndowncomparedtothestomachsofhealthybees,’’‘EvanssaysItmaybethataparasite(寄生虫)makingthebees’digestiveorgansTheirimmune(免疫的)systemsmaynotbeworkingastheyshouldMoreover,theyhavehighlevelsofbacteriainsidetheirbodies,Anothercauseofcolonycollapsedisordermaybecertainchemicalsthatfarmersapplytokillunwantedinsectsoncrops,saysJerryHayes,chiefbeeinspectorfortheFloridaDepartmentofAgricultureSomestudies,hesays,suggestthatacertaintypeofinsecticide(杀虫剂)affectsthehoneybee’Snewelssystemandmemory“Itseemslikehoneybeesaregoingoutandgettingconfusedaboutwheretogoandwhattodo,’’hesays转自学易网wwwstudyezcom转自学易网wwwstudyezcomfitturnsoutthatadiseaseiscontributingtocolonycollapse,bees’genescouldexplainwhysomecolonieshavecollapsedandothershavenotInanygroupofbeestherearemanydifferentkindsofgenesThemoredifferentgenesagrouphas,thehigherthegroup’SgeneticdiversitySofarscientistshaven’tdeterminedtheroleofgeneticdiversityincolonycollapse,butit'sapromisingtheory,saysEvansWhatisthemysterythatresearchersfindhardtoexplain转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAHoneybeesareflyingallacrossthecountryBHalfofthehoneybeesintheUShavediedCHoneybeesareleavingtheirhivesanddonotreturnDHoneybeehivesareindisorderResearchersareseriouslyconcernedwiththephenomenonofcolonycollapsedisorderbecauseAhoneybeeshelpproduceonethirdofthefoodsweeatBparasitesonbeesmayspreadeverywhereChoneybeescannotfindenoughfoodelsewhereDhoneybeesfeedonflowersWhichofthefollowingisapossiblecauseofthecolonycollapsedisorderAPopulationexplosionBDecreasingnumberofflowersaroundCGeneticallymodifiedproductsDDiseasesandchemicals转自学易网wwwstudyezcomWhichofthefollowingexplanationsisgivenbyJerryHayestothephenomenonABeekeepersdonotunderstandthehoneybee’SbehaviorBAcertaintypeofchemicaldestroysthehoneybee’SnewelssystemCHoneybeesareinfectedbyunwantedinsectsDSomecropsarepoisonoustothehoneybeesTheword“diversity’inthelastparagraphmeansAvarietyBmakeupCdisorderDdistinction第三篇ATaleofScottishRuralLife转自学易网wwwstudyezcomLewisGrassesGibbon’sSunsetSong()wasvoted“thebestScottishnovelofalltime”byScotland’sreadingpublicinOnceconsideredshockingforitsfrankdescriptionofaspectsofthelivesofScotland’spoorruralfarmers,ithasbeenadaptedforstage,film。TVandradioinrecentdecadesThenovelissetonthefictionalestateofKinAddie,inthefarmingcountryoftheScottishnorthwestintheyearsuptoandbeyondWorldWarIAtitsheartisthestoryofChris,whoisbothpartofthecommunityandalittleoutsideitGrassesGibbongivesusthemostdetailedandintimateaccountofthelifeofhisheroine(女主人公)Wewatchhergrowthroughachildhooddominatedbyhercruelbuthardworkingfatherexperiencetragedy(hermother’ssuicideandmurderofhertwinchildren)andlearnaboutherfeelingsasshegrowsintoawomanWeseehermarry,Loseherhusband,thenmarryagainChrishasseemedsoconvincingafiguretosomefemalereadersthattheycannot,believethatsheisthecreationofaman转自学易网wwwstudyezcomButitwouldbemisleadingtosuggestthatthisbookisjustaboutChrisItistrulyanovelofaplaceanditspeopleItsopeningsectiontellsofKinAddie’slonghistory,inalanguagethatimitatestheplace’schangingpatternsofspeechandwriting转自学易网wwwstudyezcomThestoryitselfisamazinglyfullofcharactersandincidentsItistoldfromChris’pointofviewbutalsofromthatofthegossipingcommunity,acommunitywhereeverybodyknowseverybodyelse’sbusinessandnothingiseverforgottenSunsetSonghasasocialthemetooItisconcernedwithwhatGrassesGibbonperceivesasthedestructionoftraditionalScottishrurallifefirstbymodernizationandthenbyWorldWarIGibbontriedhardtoshowhowcertaincharactersresistthewarDespitethis,thewartakestheyoungmenaway,anumberofthemtotheirdeathsInparticular,ittakesawayChris’husband,EvanAvondaleThewarfinallykillsEvan,butnotinthewayhiswidowistold,InfacttheGermansamen’tresponsibleforhisdeath,buthisownsideHeisshotbecauseheissaidtohaverunawayfromabattle转自学易网wwwstudyezcomIfthenovelisabouttheendofonewayoflifeitalsolooksaheadItisa“SunsetSong”butisconcernedtoowiththenewKinAddie,indeedofthenewEuropeanworldGrassesGibbonwentontopublishtwoothernovelsabouttheplacethatcontinueitsstoryWhatisSunsetSongmainlyaboutATheFirstWorldWarBThebeautyofthesunsetCThenewEuropeanworldDThelivesofruralScottishfarmers转自学易网wwwstudyezcomWhichstatementisNOTtrueofChrisASheistheheroineofSunsetSongBShehadamiserablechildhoodCSheisthecreationofmanDShemarriedonlyonceWhatistheopeningsectionofthenovelmainlyconcernedwithATheclimateofKinAddieBThehistoryofKinAddieCThegeographyofKinAddieDThelanguagespokeninKinAddie转自学易网wwwstudyezcomWhokilledChris’husband,EvanAHisowntroopsBTheFrencharmyCTheGermansDTheRussiansoldiersTheword“Sunset”inthetitleofthisnovelmostprobablymeans转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAtheendoftheheroine’SlifeBtheendoftenstoryCtheendofthetraditionalwayoflifeDtheendoftheday年职称英语真题之理工类B级补全短文:第部分:补全短文(第~题,每题分,共分)下面的短文有处空白,短文后有个句子,其中个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。RisingTuitionintheUSEverySpring,USuniversityadministratorsgathertodiscussthenextacademicyear’sbudgetTheyconsiderfacultysalaries,utilitycostsfordormitories,newbuildingneedsandrepairstooldonesTheyrunthenumbersandconcludeitseems,inevitablythat,yetagain,thecostoftuitionmustgoup转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAccordingtotheUS’sCollegeBoard,thepriceofattendingafouryearprivateuniversityintheUSrosepercentbetweenand,thenumberscontinuedtoriseand()InAccordingtouniversityofficialscollegecostincreasesaresimplytheresultofbalancinguniversitycheckbooks“TuitionincreasesatCedarvilleUniversityaredeterminedbyourrevenueneedsforeachyear,”saidtheuniversity’spresident,DrBillBrown“Studenttuitionpaysforpercentoftheuniversity’soperatingcosts。”Brown’sschoolisaprivateuniversitythatenrollsabout,undergradsandisconsistentlyrecognizedbyannualcollegerankingguideslikeUSNewsandWorldReport’sandThePrincetonReview’s()转自学易网wwwstudyezcomTuitionatprivateuniversitiesissetbyadministrationofficialsandthensentforapprovaltotheschool’sboardoftrustees(监管)allofastate’spublicinstitutionsJohnDurham,assistantsecretary(董事)()ThisboardoverseestotheboardoftrusteesatEastCarolinaUniversity(ECU),explainsthatstatelawsaysthatpublicinstitutionsmustmaketheirservicesavailablewheneverpossibletothepeopleofthestateforfreeDurhamsaidthatNorthCarolinaresidentsonlypaypercentofthecostoftheireducation()StateresidentsattendingECUpayaboutus$,fortuitionroomandboardbeforefinancialaid转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAmidthenewsaboutcontinuedincreasesincollegecosts,however,thereissomegoodnewsTuitionincreaseshavebeenaccompaniedbyroughlyequalincreasesinfinancialaidatalmosteveryuniversityToreceivefinancialaid,USstudentscompleteaformalapplicationwiththefederalgovernmentThefederalgovernmentthendecideswhittleranapplicantiseligible(有资格的)forgrantsorloans()转自学易网wwwstudyezcomATheapplicationisthensenttothestudent'suniversity,wheretheschoolitselfwilldecidewhetherfreemoneywillbegiventothestudentandhowmuchBAtpublicuniversities,however,tuitionincreasesmustalsobeapprovedbyastateeducationcommittee,sometimescalledtheboardofgovernorsCTheschoolcurrentlychargesUS$,ayearfortuitionDManyAmericanpeoplearesimplyunabletopaythegrowingcostoffoodEThat'smorethandoubletherateofinflationFThestategovernmentcoverstherest年职称英语真题之理工类B级完型填空:第部分:完型填空(第~题,每题分,共分)转自学易网wwwstudyezcom下面的短文有处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定个最佳选项。PaperorPlasticTakeawalkalongtheChesapeakeBay,andyouarelikelytoseeplasticbagsfloatinginthewaterTheyhavemadetheir()intolocalwaterwaysand,fromthere,intothebay,wheretheycan()wildlifePilesofthemshowupinlandfills(垃圾填埋地)andoncitystreetsPlasticbagsalsotakeanenvironmentaltoll(代价)inthe()ofmillionsofbarrelsofoilexpendedeveryyeartoproducethemEnterAnnapolisandyouwillseeplasticbags()freeindepartmentstoresandsupermarketsAlderman(市议员)SamShoeshinehasintroducedawellmeaning()tobanretailersfromdistributingplasticshoppingbagsupMaryland’ScapitalInstead,retailerswouldberequiredtorecycledpaperandtosellreusablebagsThecityofBaltimoresimilarmeasureOpponentsoftheareharmful,too:Theycostmoreto’makethey(),however()bagsmadeof()aarguethatpaperbags()moreresourcestotransport,andrecyclingthemcausesmorepollutionthanrecyclingplasticTheargumentfordeprivingAnnapolisresidentsEveryoneinthis()theirplasticbagsisfarfromaccepted()isrightaboutonething:Disposableshoppingbagsofanytypearewasteful,andthebestoutcomewouldbeforcustomersto()bagsinsteadAnnapolis’mayorisinvestigatinghowtohandoutfree,reusableshoppingbagstocityresidents,aproposalthatcanproceed()ofwhetherotherbagsarebannedAlessexpensivealternativewouldbetoencourageretailerstogivebemore()tocustomerswhobringtheirownreusablebagsAndthispolicywould()ifstoresimitatedfurnituremegaretailer(超人零售商)IkeaandchargedfordisposablebagsatthecheckoutcounterAbroadbanontheuseofplasticshoppingbagsisnottheanswer转自学易网wwwstudyezcomAdifferenceBpointCprogressDwayAharmBhelpCkeepDprotectAlightBformCtimeDplaceAdroppedBpackedCputDdistributedAproposalBserviceCsystemDchangeAopenBfillCofferDholdAgettingBconsideringCreplacingDimprovingAideaBeffectCtechnologyDbehaviorAlimitBprovideCdestroyDconsumeAfromBwithCofDinAdebateBorganizationCprojectDprogramAreformBreuseCrepairDreduceAinsteadBbecauseCregardlessDcarelessAexamplesBinstructionsCdiscountsDreceiptsAimpressiveBeffectiveCformalDtypical

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2008年职称英语考试理工类(B级)试题

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