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首页 基础知识12及美文赏析13

基础知识12及美文赏析13.doc

基础知识12及美文赏析13

杨泉温
2019-05-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《基础知识12及美文赏析13doc》,可适用于综合领域

三维设计“必会”基础知识过关测试(十二)IFillintheblanksaccordingtothegiveninformation①Ifyoujustspendyourtime(权衡)advantagesanddisadvantages,youmaygetnothingintheend②A(均衡的)dietcontainslotsoffruitandgreenvegetables③它将也破坏生态平衡。我们公司将尽一切努力令顾客满意。Tomakemembersofateamperformbetter,thetrainerfirstofallhastoknowtheirand(长处和弱点)①,theoldworkerhasalotofexperience②老师把学生的作文限制在五百字以内。①Ontheonehand,itcanhelpmegainsomepracticalexperience(我能将来从中获益)用定语从句翻译②人们常常从旅游中受益很多。③Goodhealth(受益)fromenoughexerciseandnicefoodWhen(结合联合)withothersounds,itbecomesbeautifulmusicHewasamaninmannerbutfirminaction他是一个举止文雅但行动坚决的人。,hetoldherthebadnews他尽可能以平静的口吻告诉她这个坏消息。Hecouldn’tYongHuetellingpeoplelies他不可能让YongHue哄骗人们后跑掉。①Whenshecameout,Mary(看起来有点累)becauseshe(clean)thehouse②She(厌倦)thisplainlittleoflife③–Youlookso(劳累)WhathappenedI(work)nonstopsinceo’clockthismorning④教小孩很累人。①What’smore,suchTVshows(占据太多的时间和精力)②Weshouldplantmoretrees,(使用干净的能源)anddealwithandrecyclethepollutedwater③他是个精力充沛的网球手。⑴He(失去平衡)andfellover⑵Youhavetotheadvantagesoflivinginabigcityagainstthedisadvantages你必须权衡住在大城市的利与弊。⑶Allthepartsofthebuildingare建筑物的各部分都显得非常匀称。请用diet造句:⑴⑵⑶⑴He’sburning(好奇)toknowwhatwashappening⑵Itwas(奇怪)thatshedidn’ttellanyone⑴Heis(是个强壮的人)⑵Thegreat(长出)ofourplanliesinitssimplicity⑴(为了利益)thosepeoplewhoarrivedlate,I’lljustgoovertheplanagain⑵Itisanexpensiveinvestmentbutitwill(使有好处)thecompanyinthelongrun⑶Agooddietis(有好处的)tohealth总结lie的用法:(造句至少个)⑴⑵⑶(做研究)(进行研究)⑴I'llhelpasmuchasIcan,butthereistowhatIcando我会尽力帮忙,但我所能做的也是有限度的。⑵Herambitionknows她的野心没有限度。⑶Wemustourspending我们必须限制我们的开支。⑷I'mwillingtohelp,我愿适当予以帮助。⑸Ishallmyselftothreeaspectsofthesubject我仅探讨这一问题的三个方面。⑴Wecan'talways我们并不总是能在工作中享受到乐趣。⑵Hecreativeimaginationandtruescholarship他同时具有创造性想象力和真正的治学谨严学风。⑶Twoatomsofhydrogenoneatomofoxygentoformamoleculeofwater两个氢原子和一个氧原子结合而成一个水分子。《三维设计》“佳篇诵读”检查:节电:及时关闭电灯、电脑等用电设备。节水:随手关闭水龙头废水再利用。节纸:纸张再利用。Everybody(厌烦)hisendlessspeechThelittlechild(疲惫)walkingsofarWeshould(抛弃)thebadhabits“Thenwhendoyoucomeoutinthemorning”I(扔出随口说出)anotherquestionIdon’tknowhowtheymanagedto(不受惩罚)payingsuchlowtaxesHewas(欠债)whenhewaspoor,buthasbeenoutofdebtsincehegotrichYoumust(摆脱)allyourworriesandhaveagoodrestYoumaykeepthebookafurtherweek(倘若)nooneelserequiresitAsIwassittingdowntohavesupper,thetelephone(偏偏)ring–ThereisalotofsmokecomingoutoftheteachingbuildingthereReallyItbeafire,mostprobably美文赏析(十三):精读美文提升“完形”和“阅读”的美文载体UnitNine:WhatIsIntelligence,AnywayTEXTAsimovexplainswhythereismuchmoreinintelligencethanjustbeingabletoscorehighonintelligencetestsWhatIsIntelligence,AnywayIsaacAsimovwhatisintelligence,anywayWhenIwasinthearmyIreceivedakindofaptitudetestthatallsoldierstookand,againstanormalof,scoredNooneatthebasehadeverseenafigurelikethatandfortwohourstheymadeanigfussoverme(Itdidn'tmeananythingThenextdayIwasstillabuckprivatewithKPasmyhighestduty)AllmylifeI'vebeenregisteringscoreslikethat,sothatIhavethecomplacentfeelingthatI'mhighlyintelligent,andIexpectotherpeopletothinkso,tooActually,though,don'tsuchscoressimplymeanthatIamverygoodatansweringthetypeofacademicquestionsthatareconsideredworthyofanswersbythepeoplewhomakeuptheintelligencetestspeoplewithintellectualbentssimilartomineForinstance,Ihadanautorepairmanonce,who,ontheseintelligencetests,couldnotpossiblyhavescoredmorethan,bymyestimateIalwaystookitforgrantedthatIwasfarmoreintelligentthanhewasYet,whenanythingwentwrongwithmycarIhastenedtohimwithit,watchedhimanxiouslyasheexploreditsvitals,andlistenedtohispronouncementsasthoughtheyweredivineoraclesandhealwaysfixedmycarWell,then,supposemyautorepairmandevisedquestionsforanintelligencetestOrsupposeacarpenterdid,orafarmer,or,indeed,almostanyonebutanacademicianByeveryoneofthosetests,I'dprovemyselfamoronAndI'dbeamoron,tooInaworldwhereIcouldnotusemyacademictrainingandmyverbaltalentsbuthadtodosomethingintricateorhard,workingwithmyhands,IwoulddopoorlyMyintelligence,then,isnotabsoluteItsworthisdeterminedbythesocietyIliveinItsnumericalevaluationisdeterminedbyasmallsubsectionofthatsocietywhichhasmanagedtofoistitselfontherestofusasanarbiterofsuchmattersConsidermyautorepairman,againHehadahabitoftellingmejokeswheneverhesawmeOnetimeheraisedhisheadfromundertheautomobilehoodtosay:"Doc,adeafanddumbguywentintoahardwarestoretoaskforsomenailsHeputtwofingerstogetheronthecounterandmadehammeringmotionswiththeotherhandTheclerkbroughthimahammerHeshookhisheadandpointedtothetwofingershewashammeringTheclerkbroughthimnailsHepickedoutthesizeshewanted,andleftWell,doc,thenextguywhocameinwasablindmanHewantedscissorsHowdoyousupposeheaskedforthem"IliftedmyrighthandandmadescissoringmotionswithmyfirsttwofingersWhereuponmyautorepairmanlaughedheartilyandsaid,"Why,youdumbfool,heusedhisvoiceandaskedforthem"Thenhesaid,smugly,"I'vebeentryingthatonallmycustomerstoday""Didyoucatchmany"Iasked"Quiteafew,"hesaid,"butIknewforsureI'dcatchyou""Whyisthat"Iasked"Becauseyou'resogoddamnededucated,doc,Iknowyoucouldn'tbeverysmart"AndIhaveanuneasyfeelinghehadsomethingthereUnitTen:ProfitsofPraiseTEXTArewetooquicktoblameandslowtopraiseItseemsweareProfitsofPraiseItwastheendofmyexhaustingfirstdayaswaitressinabusyNewYorkrestaurantMycaphadgoneawry,myapronwasstained,andmyfeetachedTheloadedtraysIcarriedfeltheavierandheavierWearyanddiscouraged,Ididn'tseemabletodoanythingrightAsImadeoutacomplicatedcheckforafamilywithseveralchildrenwhohadchangedtheiricecreamorderadozentimes,IwasreadytoquitThenthefathersmiledatmeashehandedmemytip"Welldone,"hesaid"You'velookedafterusreallywell"SuddenlymytirednessvanishedIsmiledback,andlater,whenthemanageraskedmehowI'dlikedmyfirstday,Isaid,"Fine!"ThosefewwordsofpraisehadchangedeverythingPraiseislikesunlighttothehumanspiritwecannotflowerandgrowwithoutitAndyet,whilemostofusareonlytooreadytoapplytoothersthecoldwindofcriticism,wearesomehowreluctanttogiveourfellowsthewarmsunshineofpraiseWhywhenonewordcanbringsuchpleasureAfriendofminewhotravelswidelyalwaystriestolearnalittleofthelanguageofanyplaceshevisitsShe'snotmuchofalinguist,butshedoesknowhowtosayoneword"beautiful"inseverallanguagesShecanuseittoamotherholdingherbaby,ortolonelysalesmanfishingoutpicturesofhisfamilyTheabilityhasearnedherfriendsallovertheworldIt'sstrangehowcharyweareaboutpraisingPerhapsit'sbecausefewofusknowhowtoacceptcomplimentsgracefullyInstead,weareembarrassedandshrugoffthewordswearereallysogladtohearBecauseofthisdefensivereaction,directcomplimentsaresurprisinglydifficulttogiveThatiswhysomeofthemostvaluedpatsonthebackarethosewhichcometousindirectly,inaletterorpassedonbyafriendWhenonethinksofthespeedwithwhichspitefulremarksareconveyed,itseemsapitythatthereisn'tmoreefforttorelaypleasingandflatteringcommentsIt'sespeciallyrewardingtogivepraiseinareasinwhicheffortgenerallygoesunnoticedorunmentionedAnartistgetscomplimentedforagloriouspicture,acookforaperfectmealButdoyouevertellyoulaundrymanagerhowpleasedyouarewhentheshirtsaredonejustrightDoyoueverpraiseyourpaperboyforgettingthepapertoyouontimedaysayearPraiseisparticularlyappreciatedbythosedoingroutinejobs:gasstationattendants,waitressesevenhousewivesDoyouevergointoahouseandsay,"Whatatidyroom"HardlyanybodydoesThat'swhyhouseworkisconsideredsuchadrearygrindCommentisoftenmadeaboutactivitieswhicharerelativelyeasyandsatisfying,likearrangingflowersbutnotaboutjobswhicharehardanddirty,likescrubbingfloorsShakespearesaid,"Ourpraisesareourwages"Sincesooftenpraiseistheonlywageahousewifereceives,surelysheofallpeopleshouldgethermeasureMothersknowinstinctivelythatforchildrenanounceofpraiseisworthapoundofscoldingStill,we'renotalwaysasperceptiveaswemightbeaboutapplyingtheruleOnedayIwascriticizingmychildrenforsquabbling"Canyouneverplaypeacefully"IshoutedSusannalookedatmequizzically"Ofcoursewecan,"shesaid"Butyoudon'tnoticeuswhenwedo"TeachersagreeaboutthevalueofpraiseOneteacherwritesthatinsteadofdrowningstudents'compositionsincriticalredink,theteacherwillgetfarmoreconstructiveresultsbyfindingoneortwothingswhichhavebeendonebetterthanlasttime,andcommentingfavorablyonthem"Ibelievethatastudentknowswhenhehashandedinsomethingabovehisusualstandard,"writestheteacher,"andthathewaitshungrilyforabriefcommentinthemargintoshowhimthattheteacherisawareofit,too"BehavioralscientistshavedonecountlessexperimentstoprovethatanyhumanbeingtendstorepeatanactwhichhasbeenimmediatelyfollowedbyapleasantresultInonesuchexperiment,anumberofschoolchildrenweredividedintothreegroupsandgivenarithmetictestsdailyforfivedaysOnegroupwasconsistentlypraisedforitspreviousperformanceanothergroupwascriticizedthethirdwasignoredNotsurprisingly,thosewhowerepraisedimproveddramaticallyThosewhowerecriticizedimprovedalso,busnotsomuchAndthescoresofthechildrenwhowereignoredhardlyimprovedatallInterestinglythebrightestchildrenwerehelpedjustasmuchbycriticismasbypraise,butthelessablechildrenreactedbadlytocriticism,neededpraisethemostYetthelatteraretheveryyoungsterswho,inmostschools,failtogetthepatonthebackTogivepraisecoststhegivernothingbutamoment'sthoughtandamoment'seffortperhapsaquickphonecalltopassonacompliment,orfiveminutesspentwritinganappreciativeletterItissuchasmallinvestmentandyetconsiderstheresultsitmayproduce"Icanlivefortwomonthsonagoodcompliment,"saidMarkTwainSo,let'sbealerttothesmallexcellencesaroundusandcommentonthemWewillnotonlybringjoyintootherpeople'slives,butalso,veryoften,addedhappinessintooutown

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