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首页 伦敦雾霾

伦敦雾霾.doc

伦敦雾霾

Bblythe文桂
2019-06-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《伦敦雾霾doc》,可适用于人文社科领域

解释雾霾Hazeisairpollutioninwhichismixedupwithdust,smokeandotherdryparticles,anditobscuretheclarityoftheskyandinteractswiththenaturalenvironment阴霾是空气污染和灰尘,烟雾和其他干燥粒子,它掩盖了清晰的天空,与自然环境进行交互。雾霾原因ThiskindofairpollutantcomefromavarietyofnaturalandmanmadesourcesNaturalsourcescanincludewindblowndust,andsootfromwildfiresManmadesourcescanincludemotorvehicles,andindustrialfuelburning,andmanufacturingoperationsTheoneofthemaincausethattouchesoffhazeismanufacturingoperationsManyfactorieswereovermeasureproducedthesmogthathadovert。初三英语作文。有关雾霾。求速…雾霾危害ThecomponentsthatmakeuphazemayhavenegativeeffectonpeopleshealthespeciallythatofthechildrenandtheelderlyAlsonotexcludedarethosewhohavecertaindiseasessuchasasthma,allergy,andpneumoniaandlungdiseaseWorkersworkingintheopenairhaveahighriskintheirhealth组件构成烟雾可能对人们的健康有负面影响特别是儿童和老人。也不排除是某些疾病如哮喘、过敏、肺炎和肺部疾病。工人工作在露天有很高的风险在他们的健康。雾霾原因ThiskindofairpollutantcomefromavarietyofnaturalandmanmadesourcesNaturalsourcescanincludewindblowndust,andsootfromwildfiresManmadesourcescanincludemotorvehicles,。写一篇关于雾霾的英语作文(原因及如何解决)ThemainreasonrecentlyHarbinhazeweatheristheformationofmeteorologicalconditionsHarbinisnotadayoverthepollutantaccumulation,daysearlier,Harbinhasbeenairpollutionproblems,whenOmahacontinuousinhighpressurecoldaircontrol,liketoweara"hat"citysothatcontaminantsdonotspread,followedbywarmairtothesouth,inthemuddy,warmairisbroughtinNorthChinaareapollution,airqualityandtoHarbincoveredwithalayerofashThestaticwinduntilyesterdaymorning,thehorizontaldirectionisnotconducivetothediffusiono。今天的天气真奇怪,清晨或阴天。大约下午六点,天空开始浮到表面薄薄的一层雾,笼罩在远处的山。我认为这是夜色朦胧的地平线。。Todaysweatherisreallystrange,morningorcloudydayAtaboutsixoclockintheafternoon,theskybegantofloatt。怎么写关于雾霾类的考研英语大作文空气质量检测airqualitymonitoring,thelovelyandsmilingpiggybankiscollectingeverydropofwaterfallingfromthewatertap机动车尾气尘vehicleexhaust,watertapsarefrequentlyleftonbycarelessusersForexample,anditishardtoimaginewhattheworldwouldbelikewhenthereisnomorewater可吸入颗粒物inhalableparticle。Eventhoughanincreasingnumberofpeoplehavebecomeawareofthisemergency悬浮颗粒物airborneparticulatematter工业化industrialization空气污染指数airpollutionindex,publicizingactivities污浊的空气foulair烟雾smogdata有害空气污染物hazardousairbornepollutantJ。求学霸帮写个英语作文PeopleareforcedtowearthemasktoavoidbreathingpoisonousairSecondJustforthesakeofconviencetogoout,烟雾和其他干燥粒子First,与自然环境进行交互关于雾霾的英语作文(篇)Hazeisairpollutioninwhichismixedupwithdust,somepeoplejustgoforeconomicinterestsinsteadofturningoutproductsaccordingtorelevantlawandregulationsAsfarasiamconcernedNaturalsourcescanincludewindblowndustsairqualitystandardsareratherlaxandevaluationfactorsarelimited,chinaTheoneofthemaincausethattouchesoffhazeismanufacturingoperations,weshoulddev。大气污染也是形成原因。另外还有汽车、工厂的排放也会形成。Besides。Airpollutionisalsothereason、工厂的排放也会形成雾霾。另外还有汽车大气污染也是形成原因,thedischargeofcarsandfactoriescauseshazeaswell。怎样防止雾霾英语作文词带翻译解释雾霾Hazeisairpollutioninwhichismixedupwithdust,smokeandotherdryparticles,anditobscuretheclarityoftheskyandinteractswiththenaturalenvironment雾霾原因ThiskindofairpollutantcomefromavarietyofnaturalandmanmadesourcesNaturalsourcescanincludewindblowndust,andsootfromwildfiresManmadesourcescanincludemotorvehicles,andindustrialfuelburning,andmanufacturingoperationsTheoneofthemaincausethattouchesoffhazeismanufacturingoperationsManyfactorieswereovermeasureproducedthesmogthathadover。求词英语作文,题目是关于环境污染的,谢谢,类死雾霾,。另外,infactTheearthisourhomeandwehavethedutytotakecareofitforourselvesandforourlatergenerationsFurthermore,山上的树木被砍伐,whereverwegotoday翻译,工厂释放污染的气体:全世界的环境问题变得越来越严重。事实上,moreandmorepeoplehaverealizedtheseproblems,carshavemadetheairunhealthyforpeopletobreatheandpoisonousgasisgivenoffbyfactoriesPollutionis。我希望这些问题在不远的将来能得到解决,污染正威胁我们的生存MeasureshavebeentakentocopewiththeseproblemsbythegovernmentTreesonthehillshavebeencutdownandwastewaterisbeingpouredcontinuouslyinto。Sincethebeginningofwinter,manycitiesofourcountryappearedtheseriousairpollutionandhazeofthecycleappearedinpeople'slife,manyaspectsoftheinformationcollection,thehazeandfogthewordsbegantostrikerootintheheartsofthepeople,forthepeopletoknowandtopaycloseattentiontothepeople入冬以来,我国多个城市出现严重的空气污染,雾霾周而复始的出现在人们的生活之中,多方面的信息汇集,使得雾霾这个词汇开始深入人心,为人知晓、为人关注。Aboutthehaze,itwillmakepeoplethinkofLondoninDecember,thefogandhazeeventsAndnowLondonhasalreadypickedthe"fog"ofthehat,theBritishgovernmentforhazeofsuccessfulmanagementexperienceisworthlearningandreferenceforallcountries谈起雾霾,便会让人们想起年月的伦敦雾霾事件。而现如今英国伦敦却早已经摘掉了“雾都”的帽子,英国政府对于雾霾成功治理的经验,是值得所有国家学习和借鉴的Inthethcentury,Britainenteredtherapiddevelopmentperiodoftheindustrialrevolution,Londonfactoryexhaustgasformedhighstrengthyellowsmoke,thistimeontheBritishallkeywordsareassociatedwiththe"fog","haze"and"dark"andotherwordsIntothemiddleofthethcentury,Britishhazereachedthemostseriousstate,Britishpeopleinordertobeabletoremovethe"fog"ofthehat,throughtheeffortsofmorethanhalfacentury,thehazeintheUKtobeproperlymanaged世纪,英国进入到了工业革命的急速发展期,伦敦工厂所产生的废气形成了高强度的黄色烟雾,这个时期关于英国所有的关键词都是与“雾都”、“阴霾”、“昏暗”等词语相关的。进入世纪中期,英国的雾霾达到了最严重的状态,英国人为了能够摘掉“雾都”的帽子,通过了半个多世纪的努力,才使得英国的雾霾得到妥善的治理。FromDecember,to,aLondonsmogeventtookplaceinlondon"Accordingtothematerials,onlyinDecembertoofthedays,Londonregionswithahighincidenceofbronchitis,coronaryheartdisease,heartfailure,pneumoniaandlungcancerdiseaseAndthefogcontinueduntilDecemberth,graduallydispersed年月日至日,在伦敦发生了“伦敦烟雾事件”。据材料显示,仅在月日到日的这天里,伦敦地区高发支气管炎、冠心病、心脏衰竭、肺炎、肺癌等疾病。而这场大雾持续到月日才逐渐散去。Afterthisincident,theBritishbegantoinfluencetherealreflectioncausedbyairpollutiononpeople'slifeSoBritainintroducedtheworld'sfirstairpollutionpreventionact,"cleanairact"ThelawexpresslyprovidesthatallfactoriesinthecityofLondonmustbeclosedAndindustrialenterprisesarerequiredtoestablishahighchimneyforthecirculationofpollutinggasesIncludingtherequirementsoflargescalecityresidentstoreducecoalconsumption,improvethenewwayofusingnaturalgasandothernewenergysources这次事件以后,英国人开始真正反思空气污染对人们生活所造成的重大影响。因此英国出台了世界上第一部空气污染防治法案《清洁空气法》。法律明文规定在伦敦城内的所有工厂都必须关闭。并且要求工业企业建立有利于污染气体流通的高烟囱。还包括要求大规模的城市居民减少煤炭用量,改善新的生活方式使用天然气等新型能源。After,theBritishaccordingtovariouskindsofemissionsofairpollutionpreventionandControlActintroducedaseriesofsupplementaryTheActprovidesaclearpenaltymeasuresIn,theLondonhazesituationbegantoturnforthebetterhasbytensofdayseachyearreducedtotendays,andgetthebetterAfteryears,theUnitedKingdomfortrafficpollutionhasintroducedaseriesofmeasuresIncludingvigorouslydeveloppublictransport,andinhibitthedevelopmentofprivatecars,thepurposeofwhichistoreducevehicleexhaustemissionsandandthemanagementofthetrafficjam年以后,英国针对于各种废气的排放出台了一系列补充的空气污染防控法案。法案规定了明确的处罚措施。年,伦敦的雾霾情况开始好转,已经由每年的几十天减少到了十几天,之后又得到了更好的改善。年代后,英国针对于交通污染又出台了一系列措施。其中包括大力发展公共交通、抑制私车发展,目的是减少汽车尾气的排放和治理交通拥堵等情况。Fromto,Britainformulatesmanynationalairqualitystrategy,includinggovernmentsetasideregionalairqualitymanagementinthestrengthenmanagementandforprivatecarcollection"congestioncharge"andthesumofincomedevotedtoimprovingthedevelopmentofpublictransportsystemtoIntheearly'soflastcentury,Londoninthecitybegantogrowlargeannularspace,theareaofsquarekilometersAndtheBritishgovernmentbeganveryearlyintothenewenergyuselowcarbonenvironmentalgovernance,andimprovetheairpollutioninmanyaspects年,英国又制定了许多国家空气质量战略,包括政府划出空气质量管理区域,有针对性的加强管理和对于私家车征收“拥堵费”,并将此笔收入投入到改善公共交通系统的发展中去。早在上世纪年代,伦敦在城市外就开始种植大型环形绿地,其面积达到平方公里。并且英国政府很早就开始投入使用低碳环保的新型能源,多方面的治理和改善空气污染。Methodoffueltocontrolairpollutionandhazeintensity,Londonintroducedmanygovernancelaw,suchas:thecleanairact,thecleanairact,thecleanairact,thepollutioncontrollaw"(),"thecar"(),theairqualitystandards"(),"environmentalprotectionlaw"(),"roadvehiclemonitoringmethod"(),thecleanairact"(Revision),"environmentallaw"(),theLondonGovernmentAct()thepollutionpreventionandControlAct"()andtheclimatechangebill"()为了治理空气污染和强度雾霾,伦敦出台了众多的治理法案如:《清洁空气法》(CleanAirAct)、《清洁空气法》、《污染控制法》()、《汽车燃料法》(年)、《空气质量标准》(年)、《环境保护法》(年)、《道路车辆监管法》(年)、《清洁空气法》(年修订)、《环境法》(年)、《大伦敦政府法案》()《污染预防和控制法案》(年)及《气候变化法案》()等。TheUKhasbecomethemostsuitableforlivingandstudyinginoneofthecountries,inrecentyears,studyingintheUKhasbecometheinternationalmainstreamcountry,moreandmoreoverseasstudentschoosetoBritainforfurtherstudyandacademicresearchCauseandsourceintheBritishnaturalandcomfortablediversifiedlivingenvironmentcharmingflavorofBritishcultureandhasearnedaglobalreputationforhighqualityeducationalstandards目前,英国已经成为了最适宜居住和学习的国家之一,近年来英国留学也已经成为了国际留学的主流国家,越来越多的海外学子选择来到英国进行深造和学术研究。原因也是源于英国自然舒适的多元化生活环境迷人原味的英国文化和享誉全球的高质量教育水准。OnDec,,athicklayeroffogsettledoverthestreetsofLondon,blanketingthecityThiswasnoordinarywinterymist,butratheranoxioushazeofsulfurdioxidefromcoalfiredindustrialfactoriesandcookstovesinLondonhomesLondon'sGreatSmoghungintheairforfiveconsecutivedaysvisibilitywasreducedtomerefeetandcarswereabandonedorledofftheroadbypolicewithtrafficflaresItwasthe"nation'sworstairpollutiondisaster"andremainsthedeadliestsmogeventonrecord年月日,一层浓雾笼罩着伦敦的大街小巷,覆盖了整座城市。这可不是普通冬雾,而是一种由工业燃煤和家庭燃炉产生的有毒二氧化硫烟雾。伦敦浓雾持续笼罩了五天,能见度仅为几英尺,车辆要么被遗弃,要么被警方清理出了路面。这是英国最严重的一次大气污染灾难,也是迄今为止最严重的雾霾事件。AccordingtotheTelegraph,thedevastationthesmogwrought"onlybecameapparentwhenundertakersreportedthattheywererunningoutofcoffinsandfloristshadsoldalltheirflowers"Inthefollowingthreemonths,anestimated,peoplediedofrespiratorycomplications据《电讯报》报道,直到受害者反应棺材短缺、花农表示鲜花售罄,这场雾霾造成的危害才昭然显现。接下来三个月,将近有人死于呼吸道并发症。ThehazyscenesofLondon'sGreatSmogbearastrikingresemblencetomoderndayimagesofChina'surbancentersontheirmostpolluteddaysAndthoughChinahasneverhadaneventtomatchthosefourdaysinLondon,itspollutionproblemispersistentandpervasiveIn,airpollutioncontributedtomilliondeathsinChinaBetweenand,particulatelevelsinitsmajorcitieswerefivetimesgreaterthanwhattheUnitedStatesexperiencedbefore伦敦雾霾事件的朦胧境况和当下严重污染的中国城市的情形有着惊人的相似。尽管中国尚未遭遇伦敦烟雾那样的事件,其污染状况也一直持续蔓延。年,中国约有万人死于空气污染。年至年,中国大城市的颗粒物指数是美国在年之前的五倍。AndtheproblemisworseningatanincrediblerateIn,theconcentrationofparticulatepollutionintheChinesecityofHarbinaveragedmicrogramspermeter,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganizationFouryearslater,inOctober,levelswereuptenfold,anewrecord而且,其污染问题仍在急剧加重。据世界卫生组织统计,年,中国哈尔滨的颗粒物污染浓度达到微克米。四年后也就是年月,相关指数已涨了十倍,创下新的记录。Thisweek,GinaMcCarthy,thenewheadoftheEnvironmentalProtectionAgency(EPA),saidshewouldbemeetingwithpartnersinChinainthecomingdaystoaddressairpollutionissues,butwascarefultostressthatthisisnotanchallengelimitedtoChinaTheWest,too,hasfacedhazardouspollution"Wehavebeentherebefore,"shesaidonMonday,DecThecomparisonbearsconsiderationwhatfollowsisaseriesofphotopairingssmoginLondonthen,andinChinanow本周美国国家环保局局长吉娜麦卡锡表示,接下来她将与中国负责人会晤,力求解决环境污染问题同时她也谨慎强调,空气污染不只是中国面临的挑战,西方国家也存在严重的污染问题。月日(星期一),她说:“我们也曾遇过这个问题。”通过系列图片来对比当时的伦敦和现在的中国,将很有意义。London'sGreatSmogrolledintocity'sstreetsona"massofcoldair,"andremained,trappedbyalayerofwarmerairabovePMthemass,inmicrograms,ofparticleslargerthanmicrometersinacubiccentimeter,acommonmeasureofhazardousairpollutionrocketedto,,arecordChinahasyettoapproachevenonitsworstdays伦敦烟雾是伴着大范围冷空气席卷整座城市,并将暖空气隔断在上层的。根据测量有害空气污染的常规方法,当时的PM即量直径小于微米的物质,高达。而中国即便在最严重时也没有这么高的指数。PerhapstheclosestChinahascomewasthesmogthatsettledoverHarbin,acityofmillionpeopleinnortheastChina,inOctoberAsPMclimbedto,,thecityeffectivelyshutdown,closingschools,airports,andhighways中国受雾霾袭击最严重的城市怕是哈尔滨一座拥有万人口的东北城市。月份,哈尔滨的PM值达到,政府采取有效措施,关闭了学校、机场和高速。TheGreatSmogofpromptedBritain'sCleanAirAct,whichledtolegislationintheUnitedStatesInNewYork,inparticular,pollutionhadbecomeamajorproblem:particularlydeadlycloudsofsmogwereblamedfordeathsinandmoreinTheseeventswerepivotalinmotivatingCongresstoestablishtheEPAandpasslandmarkcleanairlawsLikeChinatoday,mostofthatpollutionwascausedbyburningcoaland,toalesserextent,byheavytrafficincitieslikeLosAngeles年烟雾事件后,英国颁布了《大气净化法》,进而也促进了美国的相关立法。纽约的污染尤为堪忧:年,致命雾霾造成人死亡年,死亡人数增加了人以上。这些事件有效促使美国国会成立环境保护署并通过了具有里程碑意义的《大气净化法》。和当今中国一样,当时的污染多由燃煤造成,此外像洛杉矶等城市的大量交通废气排放也是致因。"Weknowwhatplanningcando,"McCarthysaidoftheEPA'sworkwithChina"Weknowtherearemanywaysinwhichyoucanengageyourstates,andinChina'scaseprovinces,tobringasenseofurgencytothisissue"提及环境保护署与中国的合作,麦卡锡表示:“我们知道什么方案行得通,也有很多适用于中国及其问题省份的解决措施,以便提高对此问题的紧迫感。”"Iamhopeful,"shesaid"OneofthereasonsIamhopefulisthatIknowwhatwe'vebeenabletoaccomplishintheUnitedStates"她还说:“我很有信心。之所以有信心,是因为我清楚美国也曾遇到并成功解决过这个问题。”‘TheGreatSmogoftookholdonLondonexactlyyearsago,claiminganestimatedlivesAspellofcoldweather,combinedwindlessconditionsthengatheredairparticlesmainlyfromtheexcessiveuseofcoal,whichthenformedathicklayerofsmogoverthecapitalcityDaylightthenturnedintodusklikeconditionsasthefogcrippledthecityThesmoglastedforfivedayscausingmajordisruptionthroughoutLondon’

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