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首页 春节民风民俗(Folk custom of the Spring Festival)

春节民风民俗(Folk custom of the Spring Festival).doc

春节民风民俗(Folk custom of the Sprin…

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2018-12-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《春节民风民俗(Folk custom of the Spring Festival)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

春节民风民俗(FolkcustomoftheSpringFestival)春节民风民俗(FolkcustomoftheSpringFestival)AninvestigationreportontheSpringFestivalIPreface:understandingtheSpringFestivalThespringfestivalknownas"newyear",theChinesenationisthemostceremonioustraditionalfestivalFromthebeginningthefirstyearofemperor,inthethdayofthefirstmonthoftheChineselunarcalendar"atthebeginningoftheyear"or"year",thedateoftheSpringFestivalthisfixeddown,continuestodayTheSpringFestival,thelunarnewyear,iscommonlycalledtheChineseNewYearItusuallymeansnewyear'sEveandthefirstlunarmonthButinprivate,theSpringFestivalisatraditionalsensefromthebeginningoftheeightmonthofthelalafestivalorthetwelfthlunarmonthtwentythreeortwentyfourpeople,untilthefifteen,withnewyear'sEveandisatthebeginningofthemonthforaclimaxTheSpringFestivalhasalonghistory,originatedintheShangperiodofthefirstactivitiesoftheritualworshipDuringtheSpringFestival,manyChineseHanpeopleandmanyethnicgroupsholdeventstomarktheoccasionTheseactivitiesaretoworshipdeities,worshipingancestors,FuYingHeithen,prayforagoodharvestasthemaincontentTheactivityisrichandcolorful,withstrongethniccharacteristicsTheSpringFestivalapproaching,thenewyear'sEve,peopletobuyspecialpurchasesfortheSpringFestival,thefamilyreuniontogethertoeatthedinneronNewYear'sEvePostNewYearpicturesandSpringFestivalcoupletsgreetthecomingofanewyearTwo:content:CustomsoftheSpringFestivalTheSpringFestivalisanancientfestivalinChina,oneisalsothemostimportantfestival,tocelebratethisholiday,inthehistoryofthedevelopmentofthousandsofyears,formedsomerelativelyfixedcustoms,therearemanystilllegendstillHowever,thetwelfthlunarmonthtwentythreeOurnorthern"year"isfromthebeginningofthetwelfthlunarmonthtwentythreeAfewdaysbeforetheyear,everyfamilytocleanthehouse,donotletthestoveputawaythesoilAccordingtothe"ShiYiJi"recordedthiscustomcanbetracedbacktothreethousandyearsago,itwastheancientChinesepeoplefloodingandghosts,usliferitualsAfterthe"dust"and"Chen"homophonic,sosweepingthedustalsoistheoldstuffhere,itreferstothecourtyardoftheoldscale,alsoreferstotheoldencounteredunhappyPeopleinthenorthfortwentythreeyearthetwelfthlunarmonthiscalled"springcleaning",namelysweep,sweepthedust,willdohomecleaningPeopleinthesouthfortwentyfouryearthetwelfthlunarmonthiscalled"dust"Onthisday,everyhouseholdatdawn,cleaningrooms,cleaningwindows,cleaningclothes,scrubbingpotsandpans,theimplementationofclean,thoroughsanitationcleanupItisalsocalledsmallsectionItisoffering,sendkitchenofheaven,accordingtofolklore,thekitchengodisastarsofheaven,becauseofsin,theJadeEmperorwasbanishedtotheearth,whenthe"Eastkitchenlife"Hesitsinthemiddleofeachhouseholdstoves,howtorecordhowthepeoplelive,act,everyyearthetwelfthlunarmonthtwentythree,thekitchengodtoheaventotheemperortoldthefamilyofgoodandevil,lettheemperorpunishedTheJadethetwelfthlunarmonthtwentyfiveTheoldcustomsofthatkitchendayslater,onthethdayofthetwelfthmonthoftheChineselunarcalendar,theJadeEmperorpersonallybound,andthenextworldviewofgoodandevil,fate,soeveryfamilyfestivaltopray,called"jadepick"Thisday,dailylifeandspeechshouldbecautious,andstriveforgoodperformance,inordertowintheJadeEmperor'sfavor,tobenefitthenextyearScramblingforyearsSendkitchendaystothenewyear'sEvetowelcomeback,duringtheworldnojurisdiction,norestrictionsofanykind,folkfunerals,knownas"catchdisorderlyyears"TheageofchaosisaspecificperiodoftimedesignedforpeopletoadjusttheirsociallivesTowardtheend,peoplehaveleisureandsavings,forIseldomhavetheenergytomakearrangementsfortheeventpeople,thisisagoodtimeTherefore,accordingtotheneedsofreallife,peopleinventedthisspecial"timefolkcustom"Thus,inthetraditionalsociety,people'slivingorderisdependentonfolkcustomstoregulateSteamedbreadflowersThetwelfthlunarmonthtwentythree,everyfamilytohuamoRoughlydividedintotwotypesofworshipandvisitrelativeswithTheformerissolemn,thelatterflowerTomakeajujubehill,toworshipthekitchengod"Ahuamo,neighborstohelp"Thisisoftenanopportunitytoshowfolkfemalecunningcraft,asteamedflower,isahandicraftGoalkeeperstickersItissaidthatthecustomofpastingcoupletsbeganaboutonethousandyearsagointheShuShuperiodInaddition,accordingtothe"candlecollection","Yanjingmindattheage"writingssuchasrecords,theoriginalformofcoupletsisknownas"Zhaofu"Postnewyear'sscrollsASpringFestivalcoupletscoupletsbelongto,isauniqueformofliteratureItdepictsthebackgroundofthetimesinneat,dual,conciseandexquisitecharacters,andexpressesitsgoodwishesItistheliteraryformofchinaEverySpringFestival,regardlessofthecityorthecountryside,everyhouseholdshouldselectapairofredcoupletstobeattachedtothedoor,whichwilladdafestiveatmospheretothespringfestivalWatchtheSpringFestivalGalaAlthoughthisisnotanancientcustom,butafterenteringins,duetothespreadoftelevision,TheChineseNewYearGalahasbecomeanindispensableculturalfeastforChinesepeople,andmorethanonebillionpeoplewatchtheSpringFestivalGalaonTVortheInterneteveryyearDuringtheSpringFestival,fireworksbloom,flyingdragon,laughterripples,SpringFestivaltheSpringFestivalisalsoChina,towardstheworldDumplingsEatcoins,dumplings,goodluckItisthecustomofthenorthernerstoeatdumplingsonNewYear'sdayNortheastFolkhabitshavestayinguplateonnewyear'sEveonNewYear'seveOntheeveofthethirtyyearofthelunaryear,youmusteatdumplings,andonlyafewcoinsareincludedinthedumplings(peoplearenowveryhygienic,soyoucansubstitutethemwithpeanutsorothernuts)WhoatesuchdumplingswouldheraldgoodluckandluckinthenewyearTheNortheatdumplingswiththedinneronNewYear'sEvetradition,butthecustomofeatingdumplingsaroundisnotthesame,someplacestoeatdumplingsonNewYear'sEve,eatingdumplingsinsomeplacesfirst,NorthMountainandeatdumplingseverymorningthefirsttofifthcustomsEatingdumplingsisauniquewayofexpressingthewishesofthepeoplewhentheyleavetheoldandwelcomethenewyearAccordingtothetimingmethodinancientChina,attoseconddaysatamtomidnight"Jiaozi"isthenewyearandnewyearcrossingtimeDumplingswillmeanmoreyearsofJiaozi,theSpringFestivaltoeatdumplingsisconsideredtobethemostfavorableauspicesInaddition,dumplingsareshapedlikegoldingotsDumplingsmeandumplingsanddumplingsTheysymbolizeaffluenceUnlikeinthenorth,thericeinthesouthusuallyhashotpotandfishHotpotboiling,reeky,warmandsultry,booming"fish"and"I"homophonic,"morethanauspicioussymbol,butalsoametaphorforthehappylife,"Maytherebesurpluseseveryyear"Inthesouth,therearesomeplaceswhereSpringFestivaliscelebrated,andtheemphasisisonricecakes,whicharehigher(cakes)everyyearThismeansthattheharvestishigheryearbyyear,andtherealmishighereveryyearNewYearSongItgoes:"buttoeatdumplingstocelebratethenewyear"Thelunaryearofthetwelfthlunarmonththirtydays,whenpeopleareoldOnthisday,peoplefrommorningtillnighttopreparemanydeliciousfood,heldavarietyofmeaningfulactivitiesPeoplecallthisday"NewYear'sday""Overtheyear,theChinesenationisthemostsolemnfestivalInordertohaveagoodyear,anoldfarmhouseintothethresholdofthetwelfthlunarmonth,beganabusyyearEspeciallyfromthetwelfthlunarmonthtwentythree,commonlyknownas"small",peoplewillenterthenewyearcountdown,busydayandnightNewyear'sEvethirtyis"NewYear'sEve""ReferstotheeveningoftheprecedingdayofthelunarcalendarinJanuarystinChinaandotherHanculturalcirclesGenerally,thisdayisatimeforpeopletoeat,drink,playandenjoyNorthernersmakedumplingsandsouthernersmakecakesBoileddumplings,ricecakelike"silverpiece"soundlike"high",istheauspiciousomenLunarNewYear'sday,openthefirecrackerLunarNewYear'sdaymorning,whenthefirstcrowsounded,everyhouseholdwillriseupEveryfamilyopenedthefirstthingofftheredfirecrackers,firecrackers,papermustdoisred,aftertheexplosionofredpapertoensureallcovered,afterthesoundoffirecrackers,brokenredMontreal,Canruobrocade,knownasthe"fullhouse",asymbolofthenewyearisboomingBeepPapafireworkswhentheoldyear,fullofbling,burstingwithhappinessThisiscalled"openfirecrackers"Besides,thefirecrackerinthecourtyardcannotbesweptawaySuChuanzhengatthebeginningofthemonthforabroombirthday,thisdaycannotuseabroom,otherwiseitwillsweepawaygoodluckandfortune,saozhouxing"draws,leadtobadluckIfyoucan'tsweepthefloor,mustfromaroundthehousetosweepthecentral,thisiscalled"enrichmentsweep,thiscanbesaidtoaccumulationofwealthNow,manyplacesstillkeepacustom,cleaningtheeveoftheyear,notabroomonthefirstdayoftheyearAtthebeginningoftheyear,fivedroveoutofpovertyInthethdayofthefirstmonthoftheChineselunarcalendar,commonlyknownaspowuOnthisday,manyplaceshaveafashionablecustomcalled"catchfivepoor"Peoplegetupatdawn,setofffirecrackersandcleanupthetoiletFirecrackerswereputoutfromeachhouse,andtheywereputouttothedoorThatisalltheunluckythings,alldemonsandghostsareboomwillgo,letthemfarfromus,asfaraspossibleEspeciallyon"ErTijiao"(tworing)called"collapse"and"poor","badluck","poorgas"fromcollapsingtakehomePeoplefromdaytodayhasfourdaysdidnotworkbeforesunrise,BlastingCollapsingpoor,effortsshouldbemadetoworkfortheday,"saidthepoorhate""Powu"meansthatinthenewyear,andcantakeleaveofabetterlife"Powu"inthemorningforGeely,thetoilingmassesofhappydaysThisistoavoidstopping,visitrelativesandfriends,saidtogoprowilltheunluckytoothersCleaningisathoroughcleaningSweeptherubbishoutofthehousefromeveryhouseThethirtyisthebeginningofthefivemonthtothetwelfthlunarmonthago,isgenerallynotallowedtoengageinhealth,butalsosweepthefloor,butonlyinthehousesweep,RubbishcanonlybeplacedatthecornerofthehouseSpecialnewyear'sday,thatisabroomcannotmove,thatismovingwillbegoodluckoffTobreakthisday,theyarenotthoroughlycleaningoutabackBythetimethegarbagewassweptoutofthegateandsweptintoacorner,thefirecrackerswereputoutofthehouse,andagreatfirecrackerwasputontherubbishheap,lighted,andaloudbang,andtheceremonywasoverPeoplesay:now,allthepoorpoorgastosqueeze!TheneatLunarJanuaryfifteenLanternFestivalThisisChina'smajortraditionalfestivals,theLanternFestival,alsocalledtheLanternFestival,alsoknownastheSpringFestival,thenewyearbecauseitisthefirstfullmoonnightBecauseofahistoryofthisfestivalguandingpractices,itisalsocalledtheLanternfestivalTheformationofalongerprocessofLanternFestival,accordingtothegeneralinformationandfolklegends,thefifteenintheWesternHanDynastyhasbeentoHanXinnightonthedayofthefirstmonthinGanquanpalaceworship"tooone",isregardedastheharbingeroffifteenworshipgodsHowever,thefifteenisreallyafolkfestivalinHanandWeidynastieslaterTheintroductionofBuddhistcultureinEasternHanDynastyplaysanimportantroleinshapingthecustomofLanternfestivalThree,theend:themeaningoftheSpringFestivalChinaisamultiethniccountry,andeachnationhasdifferentformsofthenewyearHan,ManchuandKoreancustomsoftheChinesenewyear,familyreunion,peopleeatricecake,Boileddumplingsandavarietyofrichfood,decorated,setofffirecrackers,andblesseachotherDuringthespringfestivalcelebrationisextremelyrichanddiverse,hastheliondance,playingthedragon,therearestilt,bohanchuanInsomeareasitfollowstheancestorsworship,prayforthenewyearfavorableweather,peace,harvestSpringFestivalisnotonlytheChinesepeople'sSpringFestival,butalsotheworld'sspringfestival

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春节民风民俗(Folk custom of the Spring Festival)

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