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首页 英语翻译

英语翻译.doc

英语翻译

胡倚山
2019-06-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语翻译doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

TranslationAtthepresenttime,physicshasprogressedfatherinthisdirectionthananyotherscience,andinseekingtogiveabriefaccountofthepresentstateofthescienceofphysics,itmustbeouraim,notonlytostatethemostimportantobservedfactsbutalsotoshowtherelationsandinterdependenceofthosefactsThedevelopmentofrocketshasmadepossibletheachievementofspeedsofseveralthousandmilesperhourandwhatismoreimportantithasbroughtwithinreachoftheserocketsheightsfarbeyondthesewhichcanbereachedbyplanes,andwherethereislittleornoairresistance,andsoitismucheasierbothtoobtainandtomaintainsuchspeedInthespacewecandevotetothispartofthesubject,itisimpossibletodojusticetotheexperimentalandtheoreticalphysicists,bothinthiscountryandabroad,whointhelastthirtyorfortyyearshaveaccumulatedatrulyimpressivebodyofinformationaboutthepropertiesofthoseparticlesandhaveaddedsomuchtoourknowledgeofhowtheworldisputtogetherTherealizationthatmanisanintegralpartofnature,andthathisinteractionwithecologicalsystemswhichsurroundhimisofparamountimportancetohiscontinuedsurvival,ispromotingarevaluationofthefunctionalrelationshipsthatexistbetweenenvironment,itsecology,andmanPhilosophersareapttoelaboratetheirtheoriesinthestudy,formingconclusionsuponlifewhichtheyknowonlyatthesecondhand,andithasseemedtomeoftenthattheirworkswouldhaveamoredefinitesignificanceiftheyhadexposedthemselvestothevicissitudeswhichbefallthecommonrunofmenAtleastahundredmenbeforeDarwinwereconvincedoftheideaofevolutionSomeevencameclosetohisexplanationofnaturalselectionDarwin’sdistinctionisthathecollectedsuchamassofevidenceandpresenteditinsuchorderlyandconvincingmannerthatpeoplewithascientificoutlookwereforcetoacceptitTheyhadtobelieveit,eveniftheyresentedtheideathattheirforebearsoncesatonthebranchofatreeandscratchedtheirhairyhidesBytheatomictheorywemeannotonlytheideathatsubstancesarecomposedofatoms,butalsoallthefactsaboutsubstancesthatcanbeexplainedandinterpretedintermsofatoms,andtheargumentsthathavebeendevelopedtoexplainthepropertiesofsubstancesintermsoftheiratomicstructureChemistryisconcernedmainlywithmatter,itsproperties,itscomposition,andthechangethatitundergoesalsowiththecausethatproduceschangesinthecompositionofmatterandthelossandgainofenergythataccompanieschangesAlthoughthismeansthatyetanothersectionofthebookwillbebeyondthecomprehensionofthenonscientificlayman,itwasfeltthat,sincethechemicalsidehadbeensoextensivelydevelopedforthechemicalreader,forthesakeofcompleteness,thefundamentalphysiologyofauxinactionshouldbemorecomprehensivelydescribedfortheplantphysiologistFromwhatisstatedabove,itislearnedthatthesun’sheatcanpassthroughtheemptyspacebetweenthesunandtheatmospherethatsurroundstheearth,andthatmostoftheheatisdispersedthroughtheatmosphereandlost,whichisreallywhathappensinthepracticalcase,buttowhatextentitislosthasnotbeenfoundoutIndeed,ifwetakenoteofwhatenabledmantosurviveagainsteveryconceivablehardshipanddanger,andwhatallowedhimtoadjusttothemostdrasticchangesinhisenvironmentwhichfinishedmanyspecieslessadaptablethanhimself,wewillseethatitwashisinstinctforcooperationTounderstandthewidthanddepthtowhichsciencecanbeappliedtothematerialandspiritualproblemsthatconfrontindividualsandnationsrequiresanunderstandingofwhatsciencereallyisNodistinctionbetweentechnologyandsciencecanindeedbemadeintermsofsubjectmatter,trainingofpersonal,orterminologynor,asthingsare,couldtheactualstudyofscienceeasilybeseparatedfromtechnology,onwhichithascometodependratherthanintimatelyformaterialsandapparatusThepointthatIamanxioustomakeisthatthesearchformodelsofthiskind,thestudyoftheirbehaviourandoftherelationshipofthisbehaviourtotherealsituationswhichtheyseektorepresent,andtheconsequentialmodificationofthensoastoleadtoreliablepredictionandthentodecisionmaking,wouldnotbepossiblewereitnotfortheassistanceaffordedtotheinvestigatorbythedigitalcomputer,andbytheworkofthetechnologistswhohavesuccessfullytransformedthescientificideasonwhichitisfoundedintostable,reliableandeconomicpiecesofelectricequipmentLaser,itscreationbeingthoughttobeoneoftoday'swonders,isnothingmorethanalightthatdiffersfromordinarylightsonlyinthatitis,manytinesmorepowerfulandsocanbeappliedinfieldsthatnoordinarylightorothersubstancehaseverbeenabletogetinOncethetelescopewasinventedin,itbecamequiteclearthatthereuncountedmillionsofstarsthataretoofainttobeseenwiththeunaidedeyeSomeofthesestarsmight,forsomereason,growmuchbrighterforashortperiodoftimeandthenfadeagainSinceitmayalsotakeafewyearsinadvanceofthedecisiontoplantheproject,andsincetheplannersliketolookafewyearsbeyondthecompletionoftheprojecttoappraisehowitwilltiewithsubsequentpowerdevelopmentitwillbeappreciatedthatloadforecastsofonedecadeareminimumrequirementsandthatforecastsofseveraldecadesarefrequentlymade,althoughonesometimeswondershowrealistictheyareLimitedasthescopeofthisbookhadtobe,itisbelievedthatitisofvaluetostudentsattheundergraduateandpostgraduatelevel,tointroducethemtothebasicconceptsofriverdevelopment,topracticinghydraulicengineerswhomayhavesuperiorknowledgeonparticularsubjects,butwhowouldliketobroadentheirvisionandtoeconomists,geographersandadministratorswhomayhavesomedegreeofresponsibilityforthemakingofdecisionregardingthedevelopmentofwaterresources

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