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首页 有限空间应急预案

有限空间应急预案.doc

有限空间应急预案

淡忘那情那么不可厚非无敌
2017-10-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《有限空间应急预案doc》,可适用于综合领域

有限空间应急预案进入有限空间作业中毒窒息事故应急预案一、目的为了提高项目经理部整体对事故的应急能力~确保紧急情况下能有序的应急指挥~有效的保护员工的生命、企业财产的安全、保护生态环境和资源、把事故降低到最小程度~特指定本预案。二、应急领导小组构成组长:刘辉副组长:秦显操成员:高根武、保兴、刘太平、杨永峰三、HSE管理小组成员、HSE监督员:刘太平、技术质量负责人:秦显操、班长:高根武四、应急领导小组职责、领导各单位应急小组的培训和演习工作~提高其应变能力。、当施工现场发生突发事件时~负责救险的人员、器材、车辆、通讯联络和组织指挥协调。、负责配备好各种应急物资和消防器材、救生设备和其他应急设备。、发生事故要及时赶到现场组织指挥~控制事故的扩大和连续发生~并迅速向上级机构报告。、负责组织抢险、疏散、救助及通信联络。、组织应急检查~保证现场道路畅通~对危险性大的施工项目应与当地医productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh院取得联系~做好救护准备。五、HSE管理小组职责,执行HSE管理委员会有关健康、安全与环保法规、政策和规定~执行业主提出的具体要求。,定期召开会议~研究确定项目健康、安全与环保管理的计划和措施。检查健康、安全与环境计划和措施的落实、执行情况。,组织整改影响健康、安全与环保的隐患~防止、制止违章行为。,配合上级部门进行事故调查、分析和上报工作。,收集、整理现场HSE管理记录~及时向主管部门汇报HSE管理现状~提出合理化建议~改进HSE管理水平。、HSE监督员职责,负责施工现场HSE管理措施的具体组织实施,,组织施工人员HSE知识教育和培训,,编制HSE现场检查表~定期对现场HSE情况进行监测、检查和评估,,参加HSE会议~对HSE情况进行报告~提出HSE改进措施意见,、技术质量负责人职责,协助项目经理在项目管理中开展HSE活动。,负责本项目HSE方面技术、质量、培训等管理工作。,参加项目HSE计划的编写和培训工作。、班长职责,对管辖的班组负责~保证本班组熟悉本岗位的操作程序~掌握HSE知识。,严格按照施工作业程序和有关规范要求施工。productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh,根据计划书的风险评估内容落实各级预防措施。,保证本班组上岗人员穿戴和正确使用劳保用品和用具。,及时将了解险情通知员工。,参加现场HSE会议~按上级指令监督作业队伍实施HSE管理。、员工职责,每位员工均应清楚地了解自己在项目施工中的HSE职责。,上岗前掌握本岗的操作规程~了解本作业的风险程度和风险控制、消减措施。,上岗时穿戴工作装~并正确使用防护用品、用具。,对事故隐患、不安全行为及时向班组长及HSE监督员汇报。,遵守HSE管理规定~制止不安全行为~服从班组长、现场HSE监督员指挥~实施安全作业。,积极参加消防、急救等演习~提高自救、互救能力~防患于未然。,定期清洗床单、被罩、枕巾、衣物及清扫宿舍等环境卫生~保证衣、舍干净卫生、整洁。,严禁聚众赌博、打架斗殴及酗酒。六、应急反应预案、事故报告程序事故发生后~作业人员、班组长、现场负责人、项目部安全、主管领导应逐级上报~并联络报警~组织急救。、事故报告,事故发生后应逐级上报:一般为现场事故知情人员、作业队、班组安全productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh员、施工单位专职安全员。,发生重大事故,包括人员死亡、重伤及财产损失等严重事故,时~应立即向上级领导汇报~并在小时内向上级主管部门作出书面报告。、现场事故应急处理施工过程中可能发生的事故主要有:,窒息,中毒事故。,一(主要危害物质,主要危害物质和因素有:油气、二氧化碳、粉尘。,二、理化性质及危险性,不论是否有焊接、敲击等~受限空间内易燃易爆气体或液体挥发物的浓度都应满足以下条件:,当爆炸下限,时~浓度,,体积,,,当爆炸下限,时~浓度,,体积,。,进入盛装过危险化学品的容器内作业~在采取排除油气的通风措施后~当油气浓度为:,a)体积浓度,,,,为爆炸下限的,,时~允许不戴呼吸器进行,小时作业。,b)体积浓度,,,,为爆炸下限的,,,,,时~允许不戴呼吸器进行?,分钟作业。,c)体积浓度,,,,为爆炸下限的,,,,,,时~不戴呼吸器不准进入作业。,d)体积浓度,,,,为爆炸下限的,,,,,,,时~不经专门批准不准人员进入。productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh,e)体积浓度,,,,为爆炸下限的,,,以上~禁止人员进入。,三、作业人员安全防护设施介绍,、防毒面罩作业人员每人配备一个,,、油气浓度报警器每个作业班组配备一个。,四、预防事故的措施,、作业人员必须经过安全、专业知识培训、考试合格~身体体检合格。,、经过进行应急预案演练培训合格方可上岗。,、办理进入有限空间作业票~并且分析合格~报告单粘贴在作业票上。、作业前进行认真检查~安全措施落实后方可进行作业。,,、进入较深的容器必须系上安全带~挂上长安全绳。,、作业时现场配备急救器材。,五、中毒窒息事故应急处理程序,、当容器内有人昏迷或窒息~伤势严重~监护人必须戴上防毒面罩后~方可进入容器救人~其他人员负责在容器外接应,,、监护人下到出事地点~伤员伤势重无法站立时~可用安全绳直接往上拉~监护人可一边托着伤者~一边指挥上面的人拉的快慢~同时保护伤者不被刮碰梯子、器壁~同时也要保护好自己的安全。,、其他人员在拉绳子的过程中~要使重心尽量往反应器中心移~用力要均匀~与下面的人员配合好~一定要注意不能碰伤伤员。,、受伤者被救出反应器到安全区域后~才能解下防护装备~让伤productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh者平躺下~救护人员对伤者立即进行人工呼吸和胸外按摩~并用担架送上救护车前往医院治疗。,六、现场急救,、中毒窒息者的急救,一旦发现有人员中毒窒息~应立即把中毒窒息者救离容器。这是抢救成败的关键。应迅速将中毒窒息者移到空气新鲜流通的地方~松开领口和紧身衣服及妨碍呼吸的一切物品~让其头部侧偏~以保持呼吸畅通。,若发现中毒窒息者呼吸和心跳停止~应立即进行心肺复苏~如人工呼吸、胸外心脏按摩等~并尽快与医院联系~送往医院抢救治疗。,、人工呼吸法,人工呼吸法就是口对口吹气法。其具体做法是:将中毒窒息者仰卧。一手捏住窒息者的鼻孔~救护者深吸气后紧对窒息者的口吹气~然后松开捏鼻的手。如此有节律、均匀地反复进行。每分钟吹气~次。吹气的压力视窒息者的具体情况而定~一般在刚开始时~吹气压力大些~频率快些~待~次后~逐步减少。,、胸外心脏按摩法,胸外心脏按摩的方法是把患者仰敞在硬地上~头部稍低。救护者用一手根摆在患者胸骨下半段,剑突以上,~另一手掌叠于手背上~肘关节伸直~借救护者自己的体重向下压。一般使胸骨陷下~厘米为宜~然后放松。如此反复有节律地进行~每分钟约次。另外~还必须注意在胸外心脏按摩的同时进行必须进行人工呼吸。一般每挤压心脏四次~作口对口吹气一次~倘若单人同时兼作人工呼吸与胸外心脏按摩~则每挤压~次~就要连续吹气两次~挤压心脏productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh时动作要稳健有力、均匀规则~注意避免挤压用力过猛。挤压位置要正确,挤压胸骨下方~而不是心前区或剑突区,~否则不但无效~还易导致骨折。productionandnonproductionareasandnonproductionareasandwatersourcesareonachickenfarminthewind,netroadanddirtroadseparatinguncrossed,dungfarmislocatedinthefieldisdownwind,broodcareandadultcarehomesapart,broodcareinchickenfarmsoftheupperhandtotheUnderstandthepoultryepidemicsituationontheground,tryingtoavoidtheendemicoroutbreakshaveoccurredinareaAvoidcontaminatedareasofthecity,takeappropriateenvironmentalmeasurestominimizepollutiontotheenvironment,buildingtheseconddesignchickencoopconstructionGeneralrequirements()tomeettheneedsofthebroiler()leftroomfortechnologicaltransformation,easeofreproductionConstruction,andenergysavingsfunds()meetGArequirementsinchickenfarm,chickencoopchickencoopbuildingtypeoftheconstructionofclosedendandopenend,closedhenhousefourweekwindow,usingartificiallight,mechanicalventilationforenergyCoop,microclimateenvironmentiseasytocontrolandeasytomanageWindowsthatopenshedsshedsareusedoutsideofnaturalresourceandenergysavingthehenhouseGeneralnopowerventilation,sufficientartificiallightingisusedDisadvantagesaresubjecttoexternalinfluenceDesignofbuildingstructureisbuiltonchickenthebestenvironmentofrationalindexandbuildingcostindexbasedonboth,mainlyrelatedtothehenhouseventilation,warmth,cooling,watersupplyanddrainage,lightingandotherfactors,ventilationairisdesignedtoexcludeasmuchaspossibleresidentialairpollution:theintroductionoffresh

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