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首页 新视野大学英语读写教程3原文及翻译

新视野大学英语读写教程3原文及翻译.doc

新视野大学英语读写教程3原文及翻译

谁背叛了谁的誓言是我
2017-09-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《新视野大学英语读写教程3原文及翻译doc》,可适用于综合领域

新视野大学英语读写教程原文及翻译新视野大学英语第二版读写教程原文及翻译第一单元LovewithoutlimitationsMybrother,Jimmy,didnotgetenoughoxygenduringadifficultdelivery,leavinghimwithbraindamage,andtwoyearslaterIwasbornSincethen,myliferevolvedaroundmybrothersAccompanyingmygrowingupwasalways“gooutandplayandtakeyourbrotherwithyou”Icouldntgoanywherewithouthim,soIurgedtheneighborhoodkidstocometomyhouseforsomeoutofcontrolkidcenteredfunMymothertaughtJimmypracticalthingslikehowtobrushhisteethorputonbeltMyfather,asaint,simplyheldthehousetogetherwithhispatienceandunderstandingIwasinchargeoutsidewhereIadministeredjusticebytrackingdowntheparentsofthekidswhopickedonmybrother,andtellingonthemMyfatherandJimmywereinseparableTheyatebreakfasttogetherandonweekdaysdroveofftothenavyshippingcentereverymorningwheretheybothworkedJimmyunloadedcolorcodedboxesAtnightafterdinner,theywouldtalkandplaygameslateintotheeveningTheyevenwhistledthesametunesSowhenmyfatherdiedofaheartattackin,Jimmywasawreck,beneathhiscarefuldisguiseHewassimplyindisbeliefUsuallyveryahestudenttogainadmission,parentsalsomustagreetoacceptanddemonstratetheschool'sphilosophiesandoutlookTheparentsagreeinwritingtomeetmonthlyinoneofregionalgroups,gotoayearlythreedayregionalretreat,andspendatleastthreetimesayearinworkshops,discussiongroupsandseminarsatBathParentsofMainestudentshaveanattendancerateofinthemanysessionsJoeandMalcolmGauldbothsaychildrentendtodotheirutmostwhentheyseetheirparentsmakingsimilareffortsThebiggestobstacleformanyparents,theysay,istorealizetheirownweaknessesTheprocessforpublicschoolparentsisstillbeingworkedout,withalotmoredifficultybecauseitisdifficulttoconvinceparentsthatitisworthwhileforthemtoparticipateOfthestudentsenrolledinNewHaven,aboutoftheparentsattendspecialmeetingsThelowattendanceisinspiteofcommitmentstheymadeattheoutsetoftheprogramwhenHydeofficialsinterviewedfamiliesOncetheproblemsareworkedout,Hydeshouldworkwellinpublicschools,saysateacheratBathwhotaughtforyearsinpublicschoolsHeisoptimisticthatonceparentsmakeacommitmenttotheprogram,theywillbedailyrolemodelsfortheirchildren,unlikeparentswhosechildrenareinboardingschoolsOneformerinnercityhighschoolteacherwhonowworksintheNewHavenprogram,saysteachersalsobenefit"HerewereallybegintofocusonhavingafruitfulrelationshipwitheachstudentOurfocusisreallyaboutteachertostudentandthenwetogetherdealwiththe…academicsInthetraditionalhighschoolsetting,it'steachertothematerialandthentothestudent"TheteacherstudentrelationshipistakenevenfurtheratHydeFacultyevaluationsareconductedbythestudentsJimmyDiBattista,,isamazedhewillgraduatethisMayfromtheBathcampusandplanstoattendauniversityYearsago,hehadseenhisfutureas"jail,notcollege"DiBattistaremembershisfirstdaysatHyde"WhenIcamehere,IinsultedandcursedeverybodyEveryotherschoolwas,'Getout,wedon'twanttodealwithyou'Icamehereandtheysaid,'WekindoflikethatspiritWedon'tlikeitwiththenegativeattitudesWewanttoturnthatspiritpositive'"海德中学的办学宗旨是:如果你向学生传授诸如求真、勇敢、正直、领导能力、好奇心和关心他人等美德的话学生的学习成绩自然就会提高。该校的创始人约瑟夫高尔德声称学校的教学很成功。海德中学位于缅因州巴思市每年的学费高达万美元因其教导问题少年有方而闻名遐迩。“我们并不把自己看作一所专为某一类孩子而开设的学校”马尔科姆高尔德说。他是约瑟夫的儿子毕业于海德中学现任海德中学校长。“我们把帮助孩子培养一种生活方式看作自己的职责办法是倡导一整套能影响所有孩子的价值观念。”现在乔高尔德(约瑟夫高尔德)正试图将他尚有争议的“品德第一”的理念向旧城区的公立学校推广。这些学校愿意将用于传统教学计划的税金用于实施这一新的教学方法。海德公立学校第一个教学计划始于年月。但几个月后该计划即告暂停。教师们对教学计划的高要求以及高强度工作所带来的压力表示抗议。今年秋天海德基金会计划在巴尔的摩启动初步的公立学校教学计划。教师要接受培训以便今后能在整个巴尔的摩体系内胜任工作。美国其他学校的领导们也在关注这个教学计划。去年秋天在家长的一片抗议声中海德基金会在康涅狄格州纽黑文市郊区的一所中学内启动了一个引人注目的教学计划。当地居民担心该校可能招进来旧城区的少数民族学生和问题学生。就像在缅因州那样求真也在康涅狄格州的这所中学得到广泛推崇。在一堂英语课上名学生用最后的分钟展开激烈的讨论依照,的评分标准相互评价他们当天的课堂表现。“我得分。”“我有意见。你既没做语法作业也没做拼写练习。”“那好就分吧。”“你只能得分。”“等等我可是全力以赴的。”“是的可你今天没提问。”在解释自己的教育方法时乔高尔德指出对传统的教育体制不能只是改革。他说“无论怎样改革”用马和马车“是改革不出汽车的”。海德中学认为“每一个人都有自己的独特潜能”这种潜能的基础是品格而不是智力或财富。良知和苦干受到推崇。成功由不断进步来衡量而不是由学习成绩来评定。学生必须相互负责。为了避免美国中学使用的其他品格培养方案所引发的争议高尔德解释说“全力以赴”这一概念并不是要强迫学生接受某一套道德原则或宗教观念。海德中学的课程与那些为升入大学做准备的传统学校所开设的课程相似包括英语、历史、数学和自然科学。但所有的学生都必须选修表演艺术和体育还要提供社区服务。在每门课程中学生都会得到一个综合了学习成绩和“努力程度”的分数。在巴思市的海德中学毕业生都升入了大学本科。在海德中学的综合教育中父母的参与是一个关键的组成部分。为了使孩子被该校录取家长也必须同意接受并实践学校的思想和观点。家长们签约同意每月出席一次区域小组会议(共个区域小组)每年去区域休养所三天每年至少参加三次巴思市的研修班、讨论组和研讨会。在很多活动中缅因州学生家长的出席率高达。乔和马尔科姆高尔德都说当孩子们见到自己的父母都在全力以赴时他们也会竭尽全力。他们说对许多家长而言最困难的是让他们意识到自己的不足。公立学校学生家长的活动计划仍在制定之中。这项工作的困难要大得多因为很难使家长相信他们的参与很有价值。在纽黑文市录取的名学生中有左右的家长出席了各类特别会议。这一低出席率违背了他们在教学计划开始实施时所做的承诺当时海德中学的官员曾与个家庭进行了面谈。巴思市一名在公立学校教书达年之久的教师说一旦问题得到解决海德教学计划就会在公立学校中获得成功。他乐观地认为一旦家长们投入到计划当中他们就会成为孩子们日常行为的榜样这与寄宿学校的学生家长完全不同。一名曾任教于旧城区学校的教师如今在从事纽黑文教学计划。他说教师也能从中受益。“在这里我们真正开始集中精力与每一个学生建立卓有成效的关系。我们的重点真的是先考虑师生关系然后是师生共同探讨学业。而在传统的中学里是先考虑教师和教材的关系然后再考虑师生关系。”师生关系在海德中学被进一步深化了。对教职员工的评估由学生来进行。岁的吉米迪巴蒂斯塔今年月将从巴思校区毕业并准备升入大学。对此他感到惊奇。几年前他还觉得自己的前途“是在监狱而不是在大学”。迪巴蒂斯塔还记得他刚到海德中学时的情景。“我来这儿时见人就侮辱就咒骂。其他每所学校都会说:„滚出去~我们这儿不要你。我来到这儿他们却说:„我们有几分喜欢这种活力但并不喜欢它消极的一面我们要将它转化成积极的东西。”第四单元FiveFamousSymbolsofAmericanCultureTheStatueofLibertyInthemids,FrenchartistFredericAugusteBartholdiwasworkingonanenormousprojectcalledLibertyEnlighteningtheWorld,amonumentcelebratingUSindependenceandtheFranceAmericaallianceAtthesametime,hewasinlovewithawomanwhomhehadmetinCanadaHismothercouldnotapproveofherson'saffectionforawomanshehadnevermet,butBartholdiwentaheadandmarriedhisloveinThatsameyearBartholdihadassembledthestatue'srightarmandtorch,anddisplayedtheminPhiladelphiaItissaidthathehadusedhiswife'sarmasthemodel,butfeltherfacewastoobeautifulforthestatueHeneededsomeonewhosefacerepresentedsufferingyetstrength,someonemoreseverethanbeautifulHechosehismotherTheStatueofLibertywasdedicatedonanislandinUpperNewYorkBayinIthadhismother'sfaceandhiswife'sbody,butBartholdicalledit"mydaughter,Liberty"BarbieBeforeallthedifferenttypesofBarbiedollsforsalenow,therewasjustasingleBarbieActually,hernamewasBarbaraBarbaraHandlerwasthedaughterofElliotandRuthHandler,cofoundersoftheMattelToyCompanyRuthcameupwiththeideaforBarbieafterwatchingherdaughterplaywithpaperdollsThethreedimensionalmodelforBarbiewasaGermandollajokegiftforadultsdescribedashavingtheappearanceof"awomanwhosoldsex"Mattelrefashionedthedollintoadecent,allAmericanalthoughwithanexaggeratedbreastsizeversionandnameditafterBarbara,whowasthenateenagerSinceherintroductionin,BarbiehasbecometheuniversallyrecognizedQueenoftheDollsMattelsaystheaverageAmericangirlownstenBarbiedolls,andtwoaresoldsomewhereintheworldeverysecondNowmorethansixtyyearsold,BarbarawhodeclinesinterviewsbutissaidtohavelovedthedollmaybethemostfamousunknownfigureontheplanetBarbie'sboyfriend,Ken,wasintroducedinandnamedafterBarbara'sbrotherTherealKen,whodiedin,wasdisgustedbythedollthatmadehisfamilyfamous"Idon'twantmychildrentoplaywithit,"hesaidinAmericanGothicGrantWoodinstantlyrosetofameinwithhispaintingAmericanGothic,anoftencopiedinterpretationofthesolemnprideofAmericanfarmersThepaintingshowsaseriouslookingmanandawomanstandinginfrontofafarmhouseHewasstronglyinfluencedbymedievalartistsandinspiredbytheGothicwindowofanoldfarmhouse,butthefacesinhiscompositionwerewhatcapturedtheworld'sattentionWoodlikedtopaintfacesheknewwellForthegravefarmerheusedhisdentist,asourlookingmanForthewomanstandingalongsidehim,theartistchosehissister,NanHestretchedthemodels'necksabit,buttherewasnodoubtwhoposedfortheportraitNanlaterremarkedthatthefameshegainedfromAmericanGothicsavedherfromaveryboringlifeTheBuffaloNickelToday,AmericancoinshonorprominentfiguresoftheUSgovernmentmostlyfamousformerpresidentsButtheBuffalonickel,producedfromto,honoredapairofconnectedtragediesfromthesettlementoftheAmericanfrontierthedestructionofthebuffaloherdsandtheAmericanIndiansWhilewhitepeoplehadpreviouslybeenusedasmodelsformostAmericancoins,famedartistJamesEarleFraserwentagainsttraditionbyusingthreeactualAmericanIndiansasmodelsforhiscreationForthebuffaloontheotherside,sincebuffalonolongerwanderedaboutthegreatgrasslands,FraserwasforcedtosketchanagingbuffalofromNewYorkCity'sCentralParkZooTwoyearslater,in,thisanimalwassoldfor$andkilledformeat,ahide,andawalldecorationmadefromitshornsUncleSamFourteenyearoldSamWilsonranawayfromhometojoinhisfatherandolderbrothersinthefighttoliberatetheAmericancoloniesfromtheBritishduringtheAmericanRevolutionAtage,hestartedameatpackingbusinessandearnedareputationforbeinghonestandhardworkingDuringalaterwarin,WilsongainedapositioninspectingmeatforUSArmyforces,workingwithamanwhohadsignedacontractwiththegovernmenttoprovidemeattothearmyBarrelsofmeatsuppliedtothearmywerestamped"EAUS",identifyingthecompany(EA)andcountryoforigin(US)Accordingtoonestory,whenagovernmentofficialvisitedtheplantandaskedabouttheletters,acreativeemployeetoldhim"US"wasshortfor"UncleSam"WilsonSoonsoldiersweresayingallArmysupplieswerefrom"UncleSam"Afterthewar,acharactercalledUncleSambeganappearinginpoliticalcartoons,hisformevolvingfromanearliercartooncharactercalledBrotherJonathanthatwaspopularduringtheAmericanRevolutionUncleSamsoonreplacedBrotherJonathanasAmerican'smostpopularsymbolThemostenduringportraitofUncleSamwascreatedbyartistJamesMontgomeryFlagginhisfamousarmyrecruitingpostersofWorldWarsIandIIThatversionatallmanwithwhitehairandasmallwhitebeardonhischin,adarkbluecoatandatallhatwithstarsonitwasaselfportraitofFlagg自由女神像世纪年代中期法国艺术家弗里德里克奥古斯特巴托尔迪正在设计一个大项目名为“自由照耀世界”。这是一座庆祝美国独立和美法联盟的纪念碑。与此同时他爱上了一位他在加拿大认识的女子。他母亲不赞成自己的儿子和一个她没有见过的女子恋爱然而巴托尔迪不为所动和心中所爱于年结为伉俪。同年巴托尔迪组装完雕像的右臂和火炬并将它们陈列在费城。据说他用了妻子的手臂为模本但觉得她的脸太漂亮不适合做雕像模本。他需要这样一个女人:面容沧桑却不失坚定庄重多于美丽。他选择了自己的母亲。年自由女神像在纽约湾北部落成。雕像综合了他母亲的脸和他妻子的身材不过巴托尔迪称之为“我的女儿自由之神”。芭比娃娃在现今销售的各式各样的芭比娃娃之前原本部门只有一种芭比娃娃。实际上她的名字叫芭芭拉。芭芭拉汉德勒是马特尔玩具公司的联合创始人艾略特和鲁思汉德勒夫妇的女儿。鲁思是在见到女儿玩纸娃娃之后才想到做芭比娃娃的。芭比娃娃的三维模特是一个德国洋娃娃一个哄成年人开心的礼物被描绘成具有“风尘女子”的模样。马特尔公司将这个娃娃做了一番改造变成了体面而地道的美国版本尽管胸围有些夸张。它以当时多岁的少女芭芭拉的名字命名。自从年面世芭比娃娃就成了全球公认的“娃娃女王”。马特尔公司说一般的美国女孩拥有个芭比娃娃全球每秒钟就有两个芭比娃娃售出。如今芭芭拉已有多岁了她拒绝接受采访但据说她非常喜欢芭比娃娃。她可能是当今世上最著名的不为人知的人物了。年芭比娃娃的男朋友面世按芭芭拉的弟弟肯的名字命名。真正的肯于年去世。他对令自己全家名扬天下的娃娃极为厌恶。他在年说:“我可不想让我的孩子玩这洋娃娃。”《美国哥特人》年格兰特伍德因其画作《美国哥特人》一举成名。此画体现了美国农民庄严的自豪常常被人复制。画面展示了一位神色严肃的男子和一位女子站立在农舍之前。伍德深受中世纪艺术家的影响他的灵感来自于一所古老农舍的哥特式窗户但最令世界注目的是画中人物的脸。伍德喜欢画他熟悉的脸。为画神色严肃的农夫他选择了他那表情木讷的牙医至于站在他身边的农妇他选择了自己的姐姐南。他把模特的脖子稍稍画长了一些但无疑能看出谁是画像的原型。南后来说道《美国哥特人》带给她的名誉使她摆脱了一种非常乏味的生活。野牛镍币今天美国的硬币都用来纪念美国政府的杰出人物其中大部分是著名的前总统。但至年间发行的野牛镍币却是为了纪念由美国拓居引起的两起相互关联的悲剧野牛群的灭绝和美洲印第安人的毁灭。此前一直是白人被用作美国镍币上的模特而著名的艺术家詹姆斯厄尔弗雷泽却反传统而行之起用了三名真正的美洲印第安人作为自己创作的原型。由于大草原上不再有野牛漫步弗雷泽为了镍币另一面上的野牛只好到纽约中央公园的动物园里素描一只老野牛。两年后即年此牛以美元的价格售出然后被宰杀取肉、剥皮牛角制成了墙上的装饰品。山姆大叔美国独立战争时期岁的山姆威尔逊离家出走加入父亲和哥哥们的行列为美国殖民地独立于英国而战。岁时他开始从事肉类加工业并因为人诚实、工作勤奋而赢得声誉。此后在年的战争中威尔逊获得了一个职位为美国军队检验肉食。他的合伙人和美国政府签订了一份合同给军队提供肉食。送到军队的肉桶上面都印有EA‐US标志EA代表公司名US代表原产国。传说有一回有个政府官员来参观加工厂问及这些字母的含义一个想象力丰富的雇员告诉他“US”是“山姆大叔”威尔逊的缩写。很快士兵们都说所有的军需品都来自“山姆大叔”。战后政治漫画里开始出现一个名叫“山姆大叔”的人物。他的原型是一个早期漫画人物名叫乔纳森大哥此人在美国独立战争时期非常出名。很快山姆大叔就取代了乔纳森大哥成了最受美国人欢迎的象征。最令人难忘的山姆大叔的画像是由画家詹姆斯•蒙哥马利•弗拉格创作的用在两次世界大战期间他画的很多著名的征兵招贴画上。山姆大叔的形象是:高个子白头发下巴上有一小撮白胡子身着深蓝色外套头戴一顶高帽上有星星点缀。这模样其实就是弗拉格的自画像第五单元GracefulHandsIhaveneverseenMrsClarkbefore,butIknowfromhermedicalchartandthereportIreceivedfromtheprecedingshiftthattonightshewilldieTheonlylightinherroomiscomingfromapieceofmedicalequipment,whichisflashingitsredlightasifinwarningAsIstandthere,thesmellhitsmynose,andIclosemyeyesasIrememberthesmellofdecayfrompastexperienceInmymouthIhaveasour,vinegartastecomingfromthepitofmystomachIreachforthelightswitch,andasitsilentlylightsthescene,Ireturntothebedtoobservethepatientwithanunemotional,medicaleyeMrsClarkisdyingSheliesmotionless:theheadseemsunusuallylargeonaskeletonbodytheskinisdarkyellowandhangslooselyaroundexaggeratedbonesthatnotevenablanketcanhidetherightarmliesstraightoutattheside,tapedcruellytoaboardtosecureaneedlesothatfluidmaydripintheleftarmisacrossthesunkenchest,whichrisesandfallswiththeunevenbreathsIreachforthelong,thinfingersthatarelyingonthechestTheyareicecold,andIquicklymovetothewristandfeelforthefaintpulseMrsClark'seyesopensomewhatasherheadturnstowardmeslightlyIbendclosetoherandscarcelyhearasshewhispers,"Water"Takingaglassofwaterfromthetable,IputmyfingerovertheendofthestrawandallowafewdropsofthecoolmoisturetoslideintohermouthandeaseherthirstShemakesnoattempttoswallowthereisjustnotenoughstrength"More,"thedryvoicesays,andwerepeattheprocedureThistimeshedoesmanagetoswallowsomeliquidandweaklysays,"Thank,you"Sheistooweakforconversation,sowithoutasking,IgoaboutprovidingforherneedsPickingherupinmyarmslikeachild,IturnheronhersideNaked,exceptforalighthospitalgown,sheissoverysmallandlightthatsheseemslikeavictimofsometerriblefamineIremovethelidfromajarofskincreamandputsomeonthepalmofmyhandCarefully,toavoidinjuringher,Irubcreamintotheyellowskin,whichrollsfreelyoverthebones,feelingperfectlytheoutlineofeachboneinthebackPlacingapillowbetweenherlegs,Inoticethatthesetooareicecold,andnotuntilIrunmyhandupoverherkneesdoIfeelanyofthelifegivingwarmthofbloodWhenIamfinished,Ipullachairupbesidethebedtofaceherand,takingherfreehandbetweenmine,againnoticethelong,thinfingersGracefulIwonderbrieflyifshehasanyfamily,andthenIseethatthereareneitherflowers,norpicturesofrainbowsandbutterfliesdrawnbychildren,norcardsThereisnohintintheroomanywherethatthisisapersonwhoislovedAsthoughsheisamindreader,MrsClarkanswersmythoughtsandquietlytellsme,"Isentmyfamilyhometonightdidn'twantthemtosee"Havingspentherlastounceofstrengthshecannotgoon,butIhaveunderstoodwhatshehasdoneNotknowingwhattosay,IsaynothingAgainsheseemstosensemythoughts,"You…stay…"TimeseemstostandstillInthetotalsilence,Ifeelmyownpulsequickenandhearmybreathingasitbeginstomatchhers,breathforunevenbreathOureyesmeetandsomehow,together,webecomeawarethatthisisaspecialmomentbetweentwohumanbeingsHerlongfingerscurleasilyaroundmyhandandInodmyheadslowly,smilingWithoutwords,throughyellowedeyes,IreceivemythankyouandhereyesslowlycloseSomeunknownintervaloftimepassesbeforehereyesopenagain,onlythistimethereisnoresponseinthem,justablankstareWithoutwarning,hershallowbreathingstops,andwithinafewmoments,thefaintpulseisalsogoneOnesingletearflowsfromherlefteye,acrossthecheekanddownontothepillowIbegintocryquietlyThereisaswellofemotionwithinmeforthisstrangerwhosoquicklycameintoandwentfrommylifeHersufferingisdone,yetsoisthelifeSlowly,stillholdingherhand,IbecomeawarethatIdonotmindthisemotionalbattle,thatinfact,itwasaprivilegeshehasallowedme,andIwoulddoitagain,gladlyMrsClarksparedherfamilyanepisodethatperhapstheywerenotequippedtohandleandinsteadshareditwithmeShehadnotwantedtohaveherfamilyseeherdie,yetshedidnotwanttodiealoneNooneshoulddiealone,andIamgladIwasthereforherTwodayslater,IreadaboutMrsClarkinthenewspaperShewasthemotherofseven,grandmotherofeighteen,anactivememberofherchurch,aleaderofvolunteerassociationsinhercommunity,aconcertpianoplayer,andapianoteacherforoverthirtyyearsYes,theywerelongandgracefulfingers我从未见过克拉克夫人但看过她的医疗记录和上一位值班医生交给我的报告后我知道她今晚会去世。她屋里唯一的光线来自一台医疗设备它闪着红光似乎在发出警告。我站在那里一股怪味刺激着我的鼻子我想起了过去闻到过的腐烂的气味我闭上了眼睛。我嘴里有一股从胃里返上来的酸味。我伸手去开灯。灯静静地照亮了整个病房我走回病床边用无动于衷的、医生的目光观察着病人。克拉克夫人已奄奄一息了。她一动不动地躺着:骨瘦如柴的身体使她的头显得特别大皮肤呈暗黄色松松地裹在嶙峋的、连毛毯也遮掩不住的骨骼上她的右臂平伸在床边被无情地用胶带固定在一块板上以便能固定针头使液体滴入左臂横放在深陷的胸部胸口随着不均匀的呼吸一起一伏。我伸手去触摸她放在胸口的细长手指。冰凉冰凉的。我忙将手移到她的手腕去感觉那微弱的脉搏。克拉克夫人将头稍稍转向我微微地睁开眼。我俯过身去勉强听见她微弱的声音:“水。”我从桌上拿起一杯水用手指封着吸管的一端滴了几滴凉凉的水到她的嘴里以缓解她的干渴。她没有用力去吞咽因为力气不够。“还要”那干涩的声音说。于是我们又重复了一次。这次她终于咽了一些并轻轻说了声:“谢谢你。”她虚弱得没法交谈因此没等她要求我就开始做她所需要的。我像抱孩子似的把她抱起来给她翻了个身。除了一件浅色的病号服她什么也没穿。她又小又轻像遭受了严重饥荒一样。我打开护肤霜的瓶盖揩了一些在手心。为了不伤着她我小心翼翼地把护肤霜擦在她发黄的皮肤上。她的皮肤松松地在骨头上滑动背上每块骨头的轮廓都能清楚地摸到。当我把枕头放在她两腿之间时发现它们也是冰凉的直到把手移到她膝盖以上的部位我才感受到血液供给生命的热度。而后我挪了把椅子面朝她坐在床边握住她那只没被固定的手此时我又一次注意到她细长的手指。很优雅。一时间我突然想知道她是否有家庭接着我发现病房里没有花没有孩子们画的彩虹和蝴蝶也没有卡片。房间中没有任何迹象表明她是一个被人爱着的人。她似乎读懂了我的心思平静地回答我说:“今天„„我让„„家里人„„都„„回家„„不想„„他们„„看见„„”她耗尽了最后的那点力气再也说不下去了。但我已然明白她做了些什么。我不知道说什么好所以什么也没说。她好像又看穿了我的心思:“你„„留下„„”时间似乎停滞了。在一片寂静中我感觉自己的脉搏加快了我听到自己的呼吸开始伴随着她那不均匀的呼吸一起一落。我们互相对视不知怎么的我们都意识到这是两个生命间的一个特殊时刻。她那细长的手指很轻易地就拢住了我的手我微笑着慢慢点了点头。无需任何语言我从她发黄的眼睛中感受到了她对我的谢意她慢慢闭上了眼睛。不知过了多长时间她又睁开了双眼只是这一次目光里没有任何反应只有空洞的凝视。没有一点先兆她那细弱的呼吸停止了。很快微弱的脉搏也消失了。一颗泪珠从她的左眼中流出滑过脸颊落在枕上。我开始轻声哭泣。对这位迅速走进又走出我生活的陌生人我心间涌起了一股感情。她的痛苦结束了可她的生命也结束了。我依然握着她的手渐渐地我意识到我并不害怕这种感情之战意识到这实际是她赐予我的特殊荣幸而且我还乐意再来一次。克拉克夫人没有让她的家人目睹这一幕他们或许无力面对的人生插曲却与我分享了它。她不想让家人看着她死去然而她也不愿孤独地离去。不应当有人孤独离去的我很高兴能守候在她身边。两天后我在报上读到了克拉克夫人的消息。原来她是个孩子的母亲、个孩子的祖母、教会里的活跃分子、社区志愿者协会的领导人、音乐会钢琴演奏家、从教余年的钢琴教师。是啊她的手指是那样细长而优雅第六单元HowtoPrepareforEarthquakesIdeally,peoplewouldliketoknowwhenanearthquakeisgoingtohappenandhowbaditwillbeInbothJapanandChina,peoplehavelongbelievedthatearthquakescanbeforecastInJapan,scientistshavewiredtheEarthandseatodetectmovementsTheChinesehavetraditionallywatchedanimalsandplantsforwarningsignsofearthquakesForexample,theChinesehavenotedthatbeforeanearthquake,hens'behaviorchangestheyrefusetoentertheircagesatnightTheyhavealsonoticedthatsnakescomeoutofthegroundtofreezetodeathandthatdogsbarkalot,evennormallyquietdogsBeforetheHanshinearthquakeinJapan,therewerereportsoflargeschoolsoffishswimmingnearthesurfaceofthewaterCertainbirds,likepigeons,alsoseemedtobeespeciallynoisy,andwerereportedtobeflyinginunusualpatternsbeforetheearthquakePerhapsmostinteresting,andmosteasilymeasured,isachemicalchangeingroundwaterbeforeaquakeExperimentaldataseemtoindicatethattheamountofradon(Rn)inthewaterunderthesurfaceoftheEarthwaxesbeforeanearthquakePeoplewouldalsoliketobeabletopreventthegreatdestructionofpropertycausedbyearthquakesAfterall,mostofthepeoplewhodieinearthquakesarekilledbyfallingbuildingsTherefore,buildingstructuresthatcanwithstandthepowerofearthquakesisamajorconcernSteelseemstobethebestmaterial,butnotifitisweldedtoformarigidstructureManynewstructuresarebuiltwithanewtypeofsteeljoint,anIjoint,whichappearstobethemostdurabletypeofjointThesejointsofsteelcanmovewithoutbreakingAlso,topreventpropertydamage,architectsnowdesignbuildingssothatthebuilding'scolumnsandhorizontalbeamsareofequalstrength,andverticalsupportcolumnsareinserteddeepintosolidsoilInaddition,manynewhouseshaverelativelylightroofsandstrongwallsConcretepillarsforhighwaybridgesthatpreviouslyonlyhadsteelrodsinsidearenowenclosedinsteelBesidesworkingtoimprovebuildingstructures,peopleinareaswhereearthquakesarecommonneedtoprepareforthepossibilityofagreatearthquakeTheyshouldregularlycheckandreinforcetheirhomes,placeheavyobjectsinlowpositions,attachcupboardsandcabinetstowalls,andfastendoorssothattheywillnotopenaccidentallyduringanearthquakeInadditiontopreparingtheirhouses,peopleintheseregionsneedtopreparethemselvesTheyshouldhavesuppliesofwaterandfoodathomeandatworkItisbesttostoreseveralgallonsofwaterperpersonItisalsoimportanttohavesomethingthatcancleanwaterandkillbacteria,sowaterfromothersourcescanbemadesafetodrinkStoreoneweek'sfoodforeachpersonEarthquakesurvivalsuppliesincludearadioreceiver,atorch,extrabatteries,firstaidsupplies,aspade,atent,somerope,andwarmclothingExpertsalsosuggestthefollowing:KeepafireextinguisherhandyYoushouldhaveoneathome,atwork,andinyourcar(ifyouhaveone)ThefireextinguishershouldbeabletoputoutanytypeoffireHavethepropertoolstoturnoffgasandwaterlinesifnecessaryArrangeanauxiliarycookingandheatingsourcethatcanbeusedoutsideOnealternativeisaportablecampstovewithsmallcansofgasKeepapairofheavy,comfortableshoesorbootsinyourhome,atwork,andinyourvehicleIfthereisanearthquake,therewillbelotsoffragmentsofbrokenglassLightshoeswillnotprotectyourfeetaswellasheavyshoeswillEveryfamilyneedstohaveearthquakeemergencyplansHowwillfamilymembersleavetheareaduringthechaosfollowinganearthquakeEveryoneshouldagreeonameetingpointoutsideoftheareaperhapsinatownseveralmilesawayAlsoimportantisanarrangementforfamilymemberstocommunicateifthereisanearthquakeIfanearthquakehappensinalargecity,manyofthetelephonelineswithinthecityarelikelytobedownThefewremainingworkinglineswillbebusywiththecallsthatnaturallyoccurafteradisasteranditwillbedifficulttocallfromonepartofthecitytoanotherItmight,however,bepossibletocalloutsidethecityAsensiblearrangementistohaveallofthemembersofthefamilycalltocheckinwithafriendorrelativewholivesmorethanahundredmilesawayAlthoughscientistsstillcannotpredictearthquakes,theyarelearningagreatdealabouthowthelargeplatesintheearth'scrustmove,thestressesbetweenplates,howearthquakeswork,andthegeneralprobabilitythatagivenplacewillhaveanearthquakeSomedaysoonitmayactuallybecomepossibletopredictearthquakeswithaccuracyHowever,evenifpredictionbecomespossible,peoplewholiveinareaswhereearthquakesareacommonoccurrencewillstillhavetodotheirbesttopreventdisastersbybuildingstructuresthatareresistanttogroundmovementandbybeingpersonallypreparedTheseprecautionscanmakeagreatdifferenceinsavinglivesandpreventingthelossofhomesEducationconcerninghowtosurviveanearthquakeshouldbeamajoremphasisforallgovernmentprogramsandearthquakerelatedresearchproject
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