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首页 16 days of French Union management will call on …

16 days of French Union management will call on millions of people to strike again(法国工会组织管理16日将再次号召数百万人罢工).doc

16 days of French Union managem…

时间给人的颓废感
2018-12-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《16 days of French Union management will call on millions of people to strike again(法国工会组织管理16日将再次号召数百万人罢工)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

daysofFrenchUnionmanagementwillcallonmillionsofpeopletostrikeagain(法国工会组织管理日将再次号召数百万人罢工)daysofFrenchUnionmanagementwillcallonmillionsofpeopletostrikeagain(法国工会组织管理日将再次号召数百万人罢工)TheFrenchstrikeparadeentereditsseconddayin,reducingitssizebyTheunionannouncedthatitwouldagaincallonmillionsofpeopletostrikeonthethdayThecapitalParisCharlesDeGaulleAirportandOrlyAirportflightsreturnedtonormalon,EiffelTowerreopenedtovisitorsVideo:Frenchtradeunionsheldanationwidestrikeagainstpensionreformsource:ShandongTV"MorningNews"reportedthattheTheAssociatedPress,thedaybeforetheparadeofthe"mainforce"oftheFrenchstudentshavebeenreturnedtotheschool,,highschoolstudents,comparedtothepreviousdaytoreducemorethanFrenchStateRailwayssaidinastatementthataboutofthehighspeedtrainsandlessthanhalfoftheregulartrainsarestillinoperation,andtheEurostartrainsconnectingFranceandBritainareoperatingnormallyTheworkershaveagreedtoreturntodutyonthParispublictransportcompanysaid,,thestrikersaccountedforaboutofthetotalnumberofemployees,thepreviousday,theproportionof,butthebusplatformandsubwayplatformthatdayisstillovercrowdedTheFrenchgovernmentisconcernedthatastrikebymorethanoilrefineryworkersmayleadtoashortageofpetrolsuppliesTheunionsaidinastatement,sincethemorningoftheday,Totaloilcompany"withoutadropofoiloutput"TheuniondecidedtogoonstrikeTheFrenchstrikebrokeoutin,withmillionstakingpartinthepresidentialstrikeagainstPresidentNicolaSarkozyadvocatedtheimplementationofthereformoftheretirementsystemGovernmentspokesmanLucChatel,quotedSarkozyassaying:"intermsofoverallinterest,thegovernmentmusthavethedeterminationandcouragetoadheretosuchanimportantreform""Timemanagement(Time,Management)CatalogwhatistimemanagementtimemanagementmethodthelatestconceptoftimemanagementGTD,theelevengoldenruleoftimemanagement,timemanagementcasestudycase:talkingaboutthetimemanagementofuniversityadministratorscasetwo:alittlestoryabouttimemanagementcasethree:timemanagementHUAWEI'streasureofsuccessseveralonlinetimemanagementtoolsreferencesWhatistimemanagementTimemanagementistheeffectiveuseoftimetoreducevariabilityThepurposeoftimemanagement:decidewhattododecidewhatshouldnotbedoneThemostimportantfunctionoftimemanagementistoactasareminderandguidelinethroughpriorplanningFirst,cannotmanageexternalrequirementsToobusytoattendtoallThebiggestproblemwiththesupervisoristhattoomuchinterferencefromtheoutsideworldhastoputasidetheworkathandtodosomethingelseOneoftheresponsibilitiesofbeingasupervisoristoassembletheeffortsofmanypeopleandcompleteajobtogetherInotherwords,alargepartofasupervisor'sjobinvolvesinteractingwithothers,andoutsideinterferenceispartofthejobYoucandosomeworkforthescheduledtimeoffyou,whensomeonefindtemporaryyouneedtodiscusssomething,tellhimyoubusyatthemoment,don'tworryyou,inyourtimewillgointospaceTimemanagementdevelopsveryquicklyThefirstgenerationistheestablishmentofmemosthesecondgenerationrequirespriorplanningandpreparationthethirdgenerationwillprioritizeinaccordancewithyourunderstandingofthetaskBythefourthgeneration,itistheauthorizedmanagementofdivisionoflaborandcooperationTwo,thereisnowaytodothingsexperienceWeoftendothingsthewayweknoworthinkintuitively,butinfact,thisisnotthemostefficientwayTherearemanywaystoaccomplishataskThekeyiswhetheryoucanfindthefastestwayDon'tdoitwithoutthinkingaboutitTakeafewminutestomeasureWhatisthebestwaytogetthingsdonemoreefficientlyThree,thesurroundinginterferencefactorsautomaticcontrolAroundmanyinterferencefactors,isthetimekiller,noise,snacks,magazines,newspapers,cosmetics,temperature,security,asenseofdirection,pressure,atmosphere,sex,smoking,Lenovo,healthstatus,TherearemanyinfluentialfactorsEdittimemanagementmethod()planmanagementAsfortheplan,therearedailyplan,weeklyplan,monthlyplan,quarterlyplanandannualplanTimemanagementfocusesontodolists,dayplan,weekplan,monthplanTodolist:makealistofyourdailytasks,prioritize,confirmcompletiontimes,andhighlighttheprioritiesIfyouwanttoavoidforgetting,youshouldavoidgivinguphalfwayTryyourbesttodoeverythingtodayWhatthetodolistincludes:nonroutinework,specialmatters,workinactionplans,yesterday'sunfinishedbusiness,etcUsethesingletodonote:everydayatafixedtimetodevelopsingle(aworkdone),justmakeatodolist,tocompleteaworkcrossedone,onlytodoforanemergencytime,themostimportantone,everydayAttheendofeachyear,thenextyear'sworkplanwillbemadetheworkplanfortheendofnextseasonwillbemadeattheendofeachquartertheworkplanfornextmonthwillbemadeattheendofeachmonthandtheworkplanfornextweekwillbemadeontheweekend(two)the"fourquadrant"methodoftimeFamousmanagementscholarCoveyproposedatheoryoftimemanagement,theworkcarriedoutinaccordancewiththedivisionofimportantandurgenttwodifferentlevels,basicallycanbedividedintofourquadrants:bothurgentandimportant(suchaspersonnelcrisis,customercomplaints,expiringtask,financialcrisis),butimportantnoemergency(suchastheestablishmentofinterpersonalrelationship,newopportunities,stafftraining,formulatepreventionmeasuresandsoon),urgentbutnotimportant(suchastelephone,administrativeinspection,administrativedepartment,casualvisitormeeting),arenotimportantandnoturgent(suchaspolitegossip,boringletters,personalhobbiesetc)Animportantconceptoftimemanagementtheoryisthatweshouldconcentrateontheimportantandnonurgentwork,sothatwecanmakeaplanforthefutureInpeople'sdailywork,manytimestheyoftenhavetheopportunitytoplanandaccomplishonethingwellButoften,butnotintimetodo,andwiththepassageoftime,resultinginadeclineinqualityofworkTherefore,itisnecessarytofocusontheimportant,butnoturgent,quadrantbusinessIttakesgoodtimetofocusonimportant,butnoturgent,transactionsAgoodwayistosetupanappointmentSetupanappointment,theirowntimewillnotbeoccupiedbyothers,soastoeffectivelycarryoutworkTheimportantthingabouttimemanagementHowdoyoudistinguishbetweenimportantandunimportantthings,thethingsthataffecttheinterestsofthecommunityareimportantthings,thehigherauthoritiesconcernedabouttheimportantthings,thingsthataffectperformanceappraisalareimportantthingsImportantthingsareimportanttoorganizationsandindividuals(important,includingtheamountandnatureofthetwoaspects)Thetimemanagementmethodisoftenexpressedinthefollowingdiagram:,ofcourse,importantandurgentthingsaredoneimmediatelyanddonothingunimportantorurgent,usuallydomoreimportantbutnoturgentthings(becausethisisthesecondquadrant,oftenreferredtoasthesecondquadrantworkmethod)Choosewhatisurgentbutnotimportant(three)effectivetimemanagementTheAmericanmanagementscholarPeterDrucker(PFDrucker)thateffectivetimemanagementismainlytorecordtheirtimetorecognizethetimespentinwhatplacetomanagetheirowntime,toreducenonproductiveworktimeontheirowntime,fromsporadicandconcentrated,hasbecomeacontinuousperiodoftime(four)timeABCclassificationTheirworkaccordingtotheorderofpriorityisdividedinto:a(urgentandimportant),B(secondary),C(general)threearrangementsfortheworkpriorities,aroughestimateofeachworktimeandpercentageintheworkrecordofactualtimedailyscheduletimearrangementandconsumptiontimecomparison,analysisoftimeuseefficiencyreadjustyourschedule,workmoreeffectively(five)consideruncertaintyIntheprocessoftimemanagement,youalsoneedtodealwithunexpecteduncertaintyevents,becausetheplandoesnotchangequickly,youneedtoleavetimeforaccidentsTherearethreewaystopreventsuchanevent:thefirstistoleaveextrasparetimeforeachplanThesecondistomakeitinthetroubledandleavenoroom,thecaseisexpectedtocompletetheworkIt'snotimpossibleInfact,peoplewhoworkfastusuallydothingsmoreaccuratelythanslowpeopleThethirdistoprepareacontingencyplanForceyourselftofinishtheworkwithinthestipulatedtime,haveconfidenceinyourownability,youhavecarefullyanalyzedwillbedone,andthenputthemintoseveralartisticunits,thisistherightquicklythroughthestepsnecessarytothemTakingintoaccountuncertainty,whennotbusy,thegeneralnecessaryworktobedoneassoonaspossibleInordertodoagoodjobinajob,onemustbegoodatusinghisorhertimeWorkisinfinite,timeislimitedTimeisthemostpreciouswealthNotime,noplan,noaim,nopower,nostrengthTimeissoprecious,butitisthemostflexible,itcanbefleeting,butalsocanplaythemosteffective,timeispotentialcapitalMakefulluseofeveryavailabletimeandcompresstheflowoftimetomaximizethevalueoftimeEditthelatestconceptoftimemanagement,GTDGTDistheabbreviationofGettingThingsDone(completeeverything)Abestsellingbook"GettingThingsDone"fromDavidAllen,thedomesticChinesetranslation,"doit:theartofworkingwithoutpressure"ThebasicmethodofGTD:GTDspecificpracticescanbedividedintocollection,collation,organization,reviewandactionfivesteps:Collection:youcanthinkofisallthematters(GTDcalledstuff)werelistedintheinbox,theinboxcanbeusedtoplacealltheactualfolderorbasket,alsoneedtorecordvariousitemsofpaperorPDAThekeytocollectingistothroweverythingoutofyourbrainandrecordalltheworkCollation:afterputtingstuffintoinbox,youneedtosortitregularlyorirregularlyandemptyinboxThesestuffaccordingtowhetheritcanbeputintoactiontodistinguishforfinishing,cannotbeputintoactionthecontentcanbefurtherdividedintoreference,mayberequiredaftertreatmentandwastecategories,whilethecontentsoftheactionandthenconsiderwhethercanbecompletedwithintwominutes,ifyoucanimmediatelyacttocompleteit,ifnotfortheorganizationonthenextstepOrganization:personalsensoryorganizationisthecorestepinGTDTheorganizationisdividedintotheorganizationofreferencematerialsandtheorganizationforthenextstepTheorganizationofreferencematerialsisprimarilyadocumentmanagementsystem,andtheorganizationofthenextactioncanbegenerallydividedinto:thenextactionlist,waitinglistandfuturedaylistThewaitinglistmainlyrecordsthetasksthatdelegateotherstodoThefuturedaylistisafutureplanthatrecordsdelaysandhasnospecificdateofcompletion,electronic,andsoonThenextlististhenextstepindetail,andifaprojectinvolvesmultistepwork,itneedstoberefinedintospecificworkThebiggestdifferencebetweenGTD'shandlingofthenextlistandthegeneraltodolististhatitisfurtherrefined,Accordingtothesite(suchascomputer,telephone,office,homeandsupermarket)wererecordedbeforeitcanbeexecutedonlyintheselocalactions,andwhenyougototheseplacesalsocanclearlyknowwhoshoulddotheworkReview:areviewisanimportantstepinGTD,generallyrequireweeklyreviewandexamination,throughthereviewandcheckallyourlistandupdate,toensuretheoperationoftheGTDsystem,butalsointhereviewatthesametimemayalsoneedtoplanworknextweekExecution:nowyoucanstarttoactinaccordancewitheachlist,inspecificactionmayaccordingtotheneedsoftheenvironment,howmuchtime,energyandtheimportancetochoosethelistandlisttoactionEdittheelevengoldenruleoftimemanagementRule:beconsistentwithyourvaluesYouhavetoestablishpersonalvaluesIfvaluesarenotclear,it'shardtoknowwhat'simportanttoyouWhenyou'renotclearaboutyourvalues,thetimingisnotgoodThefocusoftimemanagementisnotonmanagingtime,butonhowtoallocatetimeYouneverhavetimetodoeverything,butyoualwayshavetimetodowhatismostimportanttoyouGoldenruletwo:setcleargoalsSuccessisgoals,timemanagementisdesignedtogiveyouthemoreyouwanttoachievethegoalintheshortesttimeyoumustwritethisyeartogoals,findacoregoal,andprioritizeyourgoals,theninaccordancewiththedetailedplan,thekeyistoyouplanRulethree:changeyourmindStudyonthefatherofAmericanpsychologyWilliamJamesontimebehaviorfoundthattwokindsofattitudetowardtime:"thisworkmustfinishitreallyhate,soIcandragandtrytodrag"and"thisisnotapleasantjob,butitmustbedone,soI'llbegin,letoneselfearlycangetridofit"Whenyouhaveamotive,itisimportanttotakethefirststepquicklyDon'ttrytoreverseyourentirehabitimmediately,butjustforceyourselftodosomethingyouareprocrastinatingonnowThen,startingtomorrowmorning,pickthelastthingyouwantfromyourlistanddoitfirstGoldenrulefour:followthetolawThereareboundtobesuddenandunexpectedproblemsinyourlife,andifyoufindyourselfdealingwiththesethingseveryday,itmeansyourtimemanagementisnotidealSuccessfulpeoplespendmostoftheirtimedoingthemostimportantthings,notthemosturgentonesHowever,mostpeopledowhatisurgentbutunimportantGoldenrulefive:arrange"notdisturbed"timeEverydayhasatleasthalfanhourtoanhourof"nointerference"timeIfyoucanhaveanhourwithoutanyinterference,lockedhimselfinhisroomorthinkingaboutwork,thisonehourisworthyourday'sworkefficiency,efficiencyandevensometimesthisonehourthanyoudaysofworkbetterGoldenrulesix:thedeadlineisstrictlystipulatedParkinson(cNoarthcoteParkinson)wroteinhisParkinsonsParkinsonLaw:"howmuchtimedoyouhavetocompleteyourwork,andyourworkautomaticallybecomesthatmuchtime""Ifyouhaveafulldaytodoajob,youwillspendadaydoingitAndifyouhaveonlyonehourtodothework,youwilldoitmorequicklyandefficientlywithinanhourGoldenruleseven:doagoodtimelogHowmuchtimedoyouspendindoingthings,itrecordedthedetails,gooutinthemorning(includingwashing,dressing,breakfast,etc)howmuchtimearide,howmuchtime,howmuchtimetogoouttovisitcustomersKeeptrackofthetimeyouspendeachday,andyouwillclearlyseewhattimeyouhavewastedThisisthesameasaccountingWhenyoufindthesourceofyourwastedtime,youcanchangeitGoldenruleeight:understandingtimeisgreaterthanmoneyUseyourmoneyinexchangeforotherpeople'ssuccessfulexperiences,andyoumustseizeeveryopportunitytolearnfromthetoppeopleChoosethepersonyouareincontactwith,becauseitwillsaveyoualotoftimeIfyouarewithasuccessfulman,hehasspentyearssuccessfullyYouhaveyearsofexperiencewithsuchpeopleKimnine:learntomakelistsWritedowneverythingyouwanttodoFirstofall,youcanalwaysmakesurethatyouhavethetaskathandDon'ttrustyourselfYoucanremembereverythingwithyourhead,andwhenyouseeyourlonglist,youalsohaveasenseofurgencyGoldenruleten:it'sbettertofinishthesamekindofthingatonceIfyou'redoingyourhomeworkonpaper,youdoyourhomeworkonthattimeifyou'rethinkingandthinkingforawhile,callthephone,andyou'dbetterputitupatacertaintimeandfinishitatonceWhenyoudoonethingrepeatedly,youwillmakeperfectpractice,andtheefficiencywillbeimprovedGoldenruleEleven:dothemostefficientworkeveryminutespersecondYouhavetothinkaboutwhatyouneedtodobesttodoagoodjobMakealistofthethingsthataremostefficientforyou,andsharethetimetodoitwell(alwaysdirectfireperformancetarget(SiJinsheng)

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