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首页 大学英语四级复合式听写解题技巧

大学英语四级复合式听写解题技巧.doc

大学英语四级复合式听写解题技巧

林子浩
2019-06-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语四级复合式听写解题技巧doc》,可适用于综合领域

一词汇听写:大小写问题:专有名词,句子开头单词各音节间的辅音字母注意是否双写。success,process,necessary,recommendRecommendation一个音节之中注意元音的拼写。auditionrecruitauction注意不发音的字母:island,exhausted,Exhaustislecombmtombdebt检查词尾的变形)名词:单数,复数,所有格,非谓语动词与谓语动词(ed,ing,s)形式,填原型的很少见。Entertainmententertaining)形容词注意比较级以及以al结尾的形容词。Natural,personal,emotional,artificial,additionalfulicoptimisticpessimisticpessimistictivealternativepositiveablechangeableknowledgeableUnpredictable)副词结尾的ly:wholly,completely,emotionally容易拼错的词:breakoutbringaboutLaunchacampaign,species,apparent,lunarcalendar,Solarcalendarcategory,changeable,committed,DefineDefinitiondefinitelyconscious,definitely,discipline,equipmentinstalltheairconditioner,exceed,excelinguarantee,warrantyleisureclothing,drivers’license,miniature,noticeable,occasionally,possession,referred,referencerecommendrecommendationcommentsNOCOMMENTS!,restaurant,relevant,relatedseparate二、句子听写:同义替换写难题①词汇层面上的同义替换:)I’vegottogoovermynotesfortomorrow’smidterm(study))We’llhavetoleaveveryearly(setoff))Itlookslikeheboughtoutthebookshelf(boughtalotofbooks))I’llhavetogetmyticketoftheflightchanged(switchto))Janeiscountingthedaystogohomeforthesummer(iseagerto))There’llbeanotherbusintwoorthreeminutes(soon)②句子层面上的同义替换)YoucanusemynewcarifyoudriveitcarefullyIagreetolendyoumynewcar)ThereadinglistofEnglishcourseisenormousIt’sgoingtorequirealotofreadingoftheEnglishcourse)TheteacherwentoverlastFriday’slessontodayTheteacherreviewedapreviouslessontoday)ThetrainisbehindthescheduleThetrainislate)Ihatetotellyouthis,butIcan’tseemtofindthemThetoolsIborrowedfromyouaremissing)IfIwereyou,Iwouldturnitintothesecurityoffice,it’sbehindtheadministrationbuildingHandintheringtothesecurityoffice三、复合式听写答题顺序及技巧①听之前:pre–listening对全文进行全局性预览:尤其是第一句(topic)最后一句(conclusion)观察空格前后的特殊现象,判断词性,单复数,时态AbroadgoabroadAboardgoaboardBoardingcardOverseasstudentMathsPhysics名词的位置判断:a,the之后是名词介词后面是名词动词前面是名词No后面是名词Noway!Nocomments!动词的位置判断:To后面是动词主语后面是动词情态动词后面是动词musttake…形容词的位置判断:be后面是形容词名词前面是形容词副词的位置判断:动词后面是副词听之时:whilelistening原则:精听,速记,以听为主,以记为辅。②如何速记省略虚词如:如冠词,助动词等遇到词组记每个单词首字母如breakdown就记作BD,但一定要自己看得懂的breakoutBreakdownbreakdownBreakthroughbreakthroughBreakintoBreakinBreakupBiz‘cozgov’t长单词记前三个字母如:experience就记作exp符号记忆如:morethan就记作”>”lessthan记作“<”equalto记作“=”等等混合记忆就是把上面几种方法混合起来用,还可以夹杂中文字等等③听之后:afterlistening全面检查和补全前面记录下的东西检查漏词a检查漏掉的:介词(in,on,at……),冠词(a,an,the),代词(it,this,that……)b检查错词长单词容易发生拼写错误,要仔细检查一遍短单词容易和同音异义词混淆,检查时要和上下文连起来看看意思是不是对检查大小写人名地名国家名时间名(月份什么)节日名书名文件名商标名历史事件名宗教名首字都要大写句首单词首字母也要大写检查名词单复数,形容词、副词比较级最高级,动词事态,语态EnsureEnsuranceInsureInsurancegiantTheSenateTheCommonHouseTaxpayermoneyDivisionBlockBlackBlackmailthepopulistoutrageRemainsunclearAsmuchasOverlookOverseeViolenceViolateviolationValuesBankrupcyEngagedinjustifydesignedunfoldingemergencystatus身份、地位、状况ue雕像theStatueofLibertyantipovertycurrentlyestimatedurgentbroadcaststakesplungedhimselfintojustifiablyproud年年出现的听写词汇:Preserve,appreciate,households,chat,convenient,rates,receive,submitcurious,figuring,independent,unusual,interacting,format,abstract,mysteryClassified,background,album,appreciation,context,implies,image,instrumentsconcentrated,information,depends,straight,row,suspected,phenomenon,effectivelyTrend,phenomenon,scene,offences,murder,particularly,explosion,associatedlabor,ingredients,vital,individuals,engage,figures,generating,currentlyAlarming,increased,sheer,disturbing,comparison,proportion,force,reversemeaning,adjusting,aware,competition,standards,Accustomed,semester,inquireFuture,trained,admire,schedule,considerate,waste,visible,necessarilymysterious,coupled,ruining,percent,species,limit,ensure,averageFocused,emotionally,distant,cancer,retirement,crossed,related,increasinglynatural,usage,exception,particular,reference,essays,colleagues,personalDistinctfromDistinctionDistinctiveExplicitlyimportexportImplicitlyImplyimplicationGivenIfProvidedSupposedHad…IfIhadarrivedthereontime,IwouldnothavemissedthetrainIf真实条件主将从现IfIhavetimethisafternoon,IwillcomeandmeetyouIf非真实条件与现在事实相反主过去将来wouldshouldcouldmightdo从句用过去时IfIwereabird,Iwouldflyhigher在虚拟语气中,Be只用were与过去事实相反主过去将来完成时wouldshouldhavedone从过去完成时IfIhadarrivedthereontime,IwouldnothavemissedthetrainDowJonesNASDAQStandardPollsHadIarrived…ProvidedIhadarrivedontime…Supposed

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大学英语四级复合式听写解题技巧

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