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首页 高考英语常考词汇分类记忆

高考英语常考词汇分类记忆.doc

高考英语常考词汇分类记忆

每天都要好好的笑一笑 2018-06-07 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《高考英语常考词汇分类记忆doc》,可适用于领域,主题内容包含高考英语常考词汇分类记忆高考常考词汇分类记忆一、名词分类(NMET年)Hegainedhiswealthbyprintingworksoffamou符等。

高考英语常考词汇分类记忆高考常考词汇分类记忆一、名词分类(NMET年)Hegainedhiswealthbyprintingworksoffamouswriters多作不可数名词如:art(艺术)company(陪伴)damage(损坏)unemployment(失业)health(健康)harm(损害伤害)eyesight(视力)furniture(家具)progress(进步)scenery(风景)equipment(设备)nature(自然)literature(文学)luggagebaggage(行李)advice(忠告)enthusiasm(热情)violence(暴力暴行)welfare(福利)work(工作)unrest(动乱)thunder(雷)toast(吐司)treatment(治疗处理)tourism(旅游业)transport(交通运输)terror(恐惧)staff(全体职工)homeworkhouseworkluckmusicweatherfunsouppressure(压力)insurance(保险)garbage(垃圾)laughtertraffictradelife(生活)stress(压力)managementtension(矛盾对立)thinking(思维)training(训练培训)wildlifewisdomglobalwarming。复数形式出现的名词如:congratulationscheersragsmeansnewsgoodsgreensironsarmsmannerslinesbelongingsashesglassesgreetingsjeansseries(系列)scissors(剪刀)trousersaffairs(事务)vegetablesbeddings(寝具)。可与不定冠词连用的名词如:apleasurefortunehonorhelpshockshamesurprisecomfortinspirationdangerhorrorrealitytendency(倾向)invitationintroductionsatisfactionsuccessfailureexperiencebeautyclothserviceglorypityprivilegeadvantageloan(贷款)fundpension(养老金)increasedecreasememory(记忆力)risedropfallreliefinteresthitcoincidence(巧合)reputation(名声)favoritebargaindeal(成交)。常与定冠词连用的名词或短语(山东)Forhimthestageisjustameansofmakingaliving再如:themedia(媒体)theweathertheatmospheretheuniversethesunmoonthepress(新闻界)thepublictheInternetthearmythenavythecountry(side)thebushtheairinthemorninginthedaytimeintheend(not)intheleastinbythewayonthewholeatthesametimeatthe(very)momentgotothecinematheatretheotherdaytheoldontothecontraryonthepointofontheedgeofthemasses(群众)。前与不定冠词后与of连用的名词areaaudienceatmosphereaverageboycott(抵制)collectioncommandknowledgehistoryaltitude(海拔)heightdepthwidthlengthtimeperiodtraininglossvocabularymixturesalaryincomefine(罚款)scholarship(奖学金)(mis)understandingscorerangeseriesmeansallowance(津贴)varietysensenativeloanfund(资金)changereturncombinationtaste(品味)mattermixturepopulation(人口)。含有不定冠词的常用词组:havealookwalkswimquarrelcoldchatgoodtimeonceinawhile()atalossforawhiletimemomentonceuponatimekeepadiary(写日记)allofasuddentellaliedosbafavorgivesbahandatamouthfulatadistanceasamatteroffactgivesbalift(搭便车)dropsbaline(写短信)inamessinadilemmainawordtake…asanexample。介词短语中的名词()toone’sknowledgesurprisejoysatisfactiondisappointmenthorrorsomedegreeextent(程度)tothefull(尽量地)toone’staste(口味)tothebestofone’sabilityknowledgeonalargescale(大规模)。()onpurposetimeon(the)averageonthisoccasiononone’sarrivalreturndepartureontheotherhandonthespotcontrarywholeonbehalfofonthecommitteestaffradiophoneInternetscreenonloandisplayshowsaledutybusinessvacationcourse(航线)。()inneedvain(徒劳)deedgeneraluniformragsturn()tearssightperson(亲自)inthemeantimemeanwhileinahurrymesspanicindetailshortparticularbriefconclusioncashbedEnglishintheairskyinotherwordsrealitypublicsecretdisgustinone’sviewopinioneyesintermsofincase(of)instsearchmemoryplacehonorofinthecenturyinMayspringinharmonycommonlinelovewithinresponsetoinreturnforintheeventof(万一倘若)inordertoofinanyway(无论如何在任何情况下)innoway(决不)。()byhandbusaccidentcoincidencechancedesignmistakebynightdayfarbythedozendaymeter()bybirthprofession()fromacrossbehindfromdawnuntiltilldarkfromnowthenonfrom…tofromsidetimegenerationto…()atwill(随意任意)atsight(一见)atanycost(不惜一切代价)atsea(不知所措)atadistance(隔一段距离)atpresentrandom(随意)firstlastlengthatnightmidnightdawndusknoondaybreaksunrisesunsetEasterChristmaslunchhomemostleastatameetingconferenceconcerto’clockatstakewarpeaceone’sbestworstatoneatimetimesthesametimealltimes(nearclose)athandatallatsb’sexpense(自费)attheagebottombeginningendmercyedgetopriskataprofit(赢利)()againsttheskyagainsttimetheclockagainstthecurrentagainstone’swillthelawthewind,withinone’sreach()。()其他aboveallafterallapartfrombeyondone’spowerexpectationswithinone’sreachoutofsightforthegoodsakepurposeofforthemostpartforthetimebeing(暂时)forexampletothepoint(切题)asusuallikemadcrazyinexchangefor(交换)()athome()asaresultconsequence。offcourse(航线)duty(值班)thepoint(跑题)不定冠词名词介词()avisit(or)changeadjustmentmonumentkeyanswerreplynoteaccessattitudetrendtendencytripwitnesscomfortsolutionapproach(手段途径)alternativepathroadetcto…()demandneeddesireticketlovetalentgifteyeearappetite(胃口)change(转变)likingreputationenthusiasm(热情)responsibilitysympathyrespectthirstetcfor动词短语()runfor(竞选)chargefor(收费要价)begoodfor(有利于)reachfor(伸手去拿)payfor(花钱买)askanswercarechangecall()fightsendleavestartlookmakestandfor()arrivecomecallfireshootlaughsmileknockat()agreeappealattachadaptadjustdrinkcontributeobjectrespondreplyrelatejoinlinkapplyapologizegiveingivewayto(屈服被取代)动词名词介词(其他)()makeastudysummaryanalysisanoutlineofmakeuseofmakethemostbestoftakeadvantagenoticepossessionchargecaretheplaceof。()takepartpridedelightsidesinburyoneselfin…(专心致志于…)spend…inonengage(sb)ininvolve(sb)in(加入参与)()payattentiontopayavisittodevoteone’senergiestimetosetafiretolimitsthtosentencesbto。()fixone’seyesattentionthoughtenergiesonuponbusyoneselfwithconcernoneselfwithabout(对……感兴趣)announceexplainsthtosbchargesbwithaccusesbofrobinformwarnremindsbofcompare…towithputsthintoputsthto(good)usefindfaultwith(挑毛病)setlighttopracticeforceeffect(点燃)pickholesin(挑毛病)givebirthto(生育)。()commentagreegokeepinsistdecidesettle(选定)hitcallon()comearise(产生)benefitevolve(进化)escapefreediekeeplearnheardatesufferpreventprohibitstop…from。动词介词名代词介词其他turnapplytosbsthforsthapologizetosbfordebatearguenegotiatequarrelwithsbaboutoversthagreecompromise(妥协)withsbonsth。动词介词(副词)approveof(赞成)adduptoadduptoactworkserveasanswerforallowfor(考虑到)breakinoutupdownoffburstintooutbeginstart(up)withbelieveincallinaton(upon)forcatchoncheatsb(out)ofsthconsistinofclearupdoupaboutwithdealwithdependrelycountondieoffromforoutawaydrawupneardrinktodropinonat…fallbehindgetawaywithfromgetinupdownonoffgiveoffupgiveout()goinforgofor适用goagainst(违背)gowithoveraboutholdupon(to)outkeepupoffleadtolieinlookforupafterintolookdownonlookupto(尊敬)lookback(on)lookforwardtomakeupformakesense(of)putsetaside(忽视积蓄)留拨()putawaybackoutupinoffonupwithtakeafterapartawaybackdowninoffonoverto(开始喜欢养成习惯)takeup()happentobecomeof(发生)keeptofitin(适合)()。be形容词过去介词介词beboredcontenthonestgenerousconcernedlinedfilledmixedfriendlycoveredloadedoccupiedpatientsatisfiedpopularfamiliarwithbeindependentfreeaccusedproudfullfondforgetfulafraidaware(意识)ashamed(耻辱)of…besensitiveaccustomedused(习惯的)addictedmarriedengagedexposedopposedequalparallelrelevantharmfulsimilarfamiliarseniorjuniorsuperiorinferioroppositekindrudegoodfriendlypoliteloyalthankfulgratefulallergic(过敏变应)convenient(方便)()to…becuriousenthusiasticmadcrazyparticularmistakenmodest(谦虚的)cautious(谨慎的)honesthopefulignorantaboutbebadgoodfamousfitsuitablethankfulgratefulappropriateforbebasedonbefreedoffrom零冠词常用短语:dayandnighthusbandandwifefatherandsonpenandinkmasterandservantlifeanddeathfacetofaceshouldertoshouldersidebysidestepbystepfromtoptobottomfrombeginningtoendatmidnightintoatfromworkoutofmindcatchsightofcometolightgiverisetogivebirthtowatchTVincaseoffirecometopowerleavetakeoffice(就任执政)inoffice(任职)holdoffice(担任职务)headoffice(总部)runforofficegiveandtakebringsbbacktolifesupplyanddemandcauseandeffectfrombadtoworsebackandforthheartandsoulsafeandsounddayafterbydayhourandhourhereandtherenowandthen(again)littlebylittlestepbystepbyandby(不久很快)动词名代词介词名代词presentsbwithsthpresentsthtosbprovidesbwithsthprovidesthforsbsupplysbwithsthsupplysthtoforsbinspiresbwithsthinspiresthinsb后跟不定式作宾语的动词agreeaffordarrangeattemptbotherclaimhesitateconsent(同意)decidedeterminedemandofferpromiseguaranteeundertaketendtroubleseekmanage()volunteertodosth。后跟带to的不定式作补语的动词adviseallowaskbegcauseencourageexpectforbidforcegetintendinvitelikeloveorderpersuadepreferrequireteachtellurgewantwarnwishthinkwaitforvoteforcallonappealtocallforarrangeforsbtodo后跟动名词作宾语的动词或短语admitallowavoidadviseadvocateappreciateconsiderdenydelayenjoyescapefancyfinishinvolveforbidimaginekeepmindmisspardonsuggestriskputoffkeeponcan’thelpresistfeellikeinsistongetdowntopayattentiontohavedifficultytrouble(in)getaccustomedusedtosetaboutdevote…toleadobjectsticktocan’tstand(for)goabout(忙于继续)lookforwardto。虚拟语气下列单词及其转化词用于名词性从句中(主从宾从表从同位从句)使用动词用(should)动词原形adviseadvocatesuggestdemandrequestrequiredesireurgeinsistrecommendwishwouldrather后跟从句用虚拟动词时态退一级Itis(highabout)timethat从句中用虚拟ItisimportantnecessarynaturalstrangethatS(should)动词原形倒装结构副词:herethereupdowninout(表地点的介词短语提前全倒装)。否定词(短语)提前使用助动词部分倒装。notneverseldomrarelyhardlyscarcelynotuntilneither…nornowaynosooner…thanhardlyscarcely…whenbynomeansonnoaccountinundernocircumstances(决不)atnotimeonnoconditioninnocase。与反身代词连用的结构byoneself独自inoneself在本质上tooneself独自享用foroneself亲自absentbebehavecometobusyboastdevoteconcernenjoydressfindhelpintroducemakeseatoccupyteachcongratulatethrowforgetqualifyoneself(使自己胜任…)involveoneself(参与)in…accustomoneselftodoingsth。如:I’mforgettingmyselfIhaven’tofferedyouadrinkyet我有点不成体统。易考it习惯归纳:forgetit(没有关系别提了休想闭嘴)gotit(知道明白)makeit(成功及时赶到)catchit(受到惩罚)goforit(努力争取)likeloveappreciatepreferhatedislikeitthatthisisit被动语态及主动表被动的情形常见被动结构:behurtgetruinedsellwellhandlewell(易操作)cutdryopencloseeasilybeeasytodosthneedswantsrequiresdoingsth系动词feellooksoundtastesmellappearseemgocomewearproveturnstaybecomefallgrowadjnrun。介短表被动如:undercontroltreatmentrepairdiscussionconstructionbeyondbeliefone’sreachcontrolhopeforsalerentinprintsightuseonsaleshowdisplaytrialoutofsightcontrolone’sreach。表被动的形容词如:beaccessibleadmirableattractiveavailablechangeableenjoyablefamiliar(tosb)popular(withsb)fragilehonorableoutspokenportableunbearableunbelievablewelcomereliabledependablerespectableaffordablecountabledependableacceptable()adorable表被动的动词serveasrunoutofgiveoutcomeout(被出版)cometrue(被实现)引导三大从句的连词分类定语从句关系代词:whowhomwhose()thatwhich()as关系副词:whenwherewhy状语从句()时状whenaswhilebeforeafterassoonasthemomentminuteinstantimmediatelydirectlytilluntilnotuntilthefirstsecondlastnexttimeanothernexttimeinstantlyhardlyscarcely…whennosooner…theneveryeachtime(ever)since()地状:where()()原状:becausesincenowthataswhen(既然)seeingthat(鉴于)inthat(因为)。()条状:if()unless()supposesupposingprovidedprovidingaslongasonce(一旦)。()让状从althoughthoughasnomatterwhat,when,where,who,howwhat,where,howeverevenif(though)()结果状从:sosuch……that()目的状从:sothat()incaseforfearthatsuchthat()方式状从:how,asif(thought)as()比较状从thanas,so…asthe比较级the比较级名词从句连词thatwhether(if)连接代词who(ever)()which(ever)()what(ever)()连接副词whenwherehowwhy同义词联想分类(动词或短语)include=takein包含括acknowledgeadmit(承认)employtakeon(雇佣)putturnout(熄灭)vtgooutviforgiveexcusepardonexaminelookat(over)maintainkeepupexplainaccountforconsumeuseuprunoutofassume(承担)undertakeexplodesetoff(vt)gooff(vi)agreetoapproveofstandforabandondesertrealizevtcometrue(vi)handlevtdealwithcopewithexhausttire(wear)outconsiderthinkaboutstop(停止)leaveoffarrest(吸引)attractappealtorefertospeakofmention提(说)起gainputon增加knowwellbefamiliarwithomitleaveoutrewardpayoff回报有好结果gainputon增加charge(指控)accusesucceedpayoffmakeitringbackcallbackviolatebreakstressemphasizedoubtsuspect(相信)classifysortout(分类)beginwithendwithdonategiveaway捐赠accommodateputup(提供住宿)despiselookdownonclarifymakeclearraiseputup(forward)提出continuegoon(with)betraygiveaway暴露(身份)persuadegetroundtalk…intoruindestroydamageapprovegrant同意批准turnoff(vt)goout(关熄)depresscastdown(使…沮丧)consumeuseupvtgiveoutvi(用完耗尽)calculatefigureout(计算)publishvtbringoutvtcomeoutproduceturnout(生产)virelease(发布)takeentergoinfor参加(考试)runoutofvtrunout(vi)sinkgodownarriveturnup(到达露面)refuseturndownhappencomeabout(发生产生)proveturnout(结果是)delayholdup(耽搁延迟)disgustboreturnoff(使……厌烦)followchasegoafteropposebe(go)againstturnoffturnout(关掉熄灭)comeacrossmeetwithovercomegetoverget…acrossbeunderstoodgoforattack(袭击)undertaketakeon(承担)overcomegetoverrobholdup(抢劫)goforapplyto(适用于)ignoreputaside(忽视)cometrue(vi)realize(vt)wouldusedto(过去)常常mattercountabandongiveupfigurein=include=takeincoverapproachcomeupdrawnearlaunch:sendupforeseepredictmention:refertopraise:speak(think)wellhighlyofsymbolize:standfordie:passawaycoverdealwith(涉及)establishsetupdepositputdown(放下)investigatelookintoapproachcomeup(near)反义词联想分类:putoffputforwardturnupturndowngiveuptakeupmarrydivorcecrylaughpayoffcometonothing(毫无结果)fallriseputuptakedown(余下)ignorepaynoattentiontopassoverincludeexclude(排除)putontakeoffdemandsupplypraisescoldriseset(日落)destroybuildadmitreject(拒收)dirtycleancalculatefigureout(计算)attackdefendappeardisappearmakeupdivideintoadoptdesert(抛弃)enlargereduceearnloseexcitecalmbeginendborrowlendbelievedoubtdamagerepairteachlearnpickupputdown(放下)comfortdisturbopencloseexistdielosefindcalmdisturbdestroyrebuildconnectseparategain(快)lose(表)慢wastesavefailsucceedfloatsinkfollowleadforgetrememberforgivepunishfreezeboilgainlosegivetakegocomeplantharvesthatelovehidediscoverhitmisshurrydelayjoinpartkeepdesertteachlearnlinkpartjoinseparatewinloseofferacceptoffercharge(要价)owepaypermitforbidplayworkpollutecleanpullpushreachleaverainwindseparatecombinesettle(安定)removesitstandprotectdamagewastesaveunitedividewakesleeppardonpunishholdonringoff(挂断电话)beinvainpayoff(berewarded)collapsestayup(挺住)其它搭配:saveone’slifemakefightpushone’swayuseone’sheadtrydoone’sbestloseone’slifesightearnmakeone’slivingchangeone’smindfollowone’sexampletakeone’stimetakeone’sseatplacetakeone’stemperaturesendone’swishesputone’sheart(into)setone’smind(on)readone’smindthoughts(洞悉某人心思)makeupone’smindbegone’spardonloseone’ssightspeakone’smind说心里话辨析角度复习词汇差一冠词意义不同:inchargeof负责inthechargeof由……负责inpossessionof占有inthepossessionof为……所占有bysea乘船bythesea在海边outofquestion没问题outofthequestion不可能attable在吃饭atthetable在桌边有无介词意义不同:answer回答answerfor对……负责、偿还search对人、物或场所搜查searchfor搜寻人、物或场所leave离开某地leavefor离开去某地reach到达reachfor伸手去拿enter进入enterfor报名参加run经营跑runfor竞选stand站忍受standfor代表支持pay付钱、债给某人preparefor为……做准备词序颠倒意义不同:beforelong不久以后longbefore很久以前muchtoo非常修饰形容词或副词toomuch太多修饰名词也可作名词短语用turnin上交就寝(动词短语)inturn按次序轮流(介词短语)handin上交(动词短语)inhand在手边(介词短语)workhard努力工作(动词短语)hardwork艰难的工作(名词短语)fromfar来自远方farfrom离得远远非ifonly要是……就好了(常用虚拟语气)onlyif只要(使用陈述语气)muchas尽管很asmuch和……一样多是分是合意义不同:soasto以便(表目的)so…asto如此……以致(表结果)sometimes有时sometimes几次sometime某个时候sometime一段时间everyday日常的(形容词作定语)everyday每天(名词短语作状语)altogether总共完全alltogether一道一起everyone每个人(指人不可接of短语)everyone每一个(指人或物可接of短语)none没有(可指人或物可接of短语)noone没有(指人不可接of短语)有无ly的副词不同:()wide宽widely广泛地()deep深deeply深深地()high高highly高度地()low位置低lowly地位卑微地()close靠近地closely密切地()hard努力使劲地hardly几乎不

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