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首页 Discipline crossing in the field of practice of …

Discipline crossing in the field of practice of philosophy of Science(科学哲学实践视野中的学科交叉).doc

Discipline crossing in the fiel…

wang小洁夏
2019-01-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Discipline crossing in the field of practice of philosophy of Science(科学哲学实践视野中的学科交叉)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

DisciplinecrossinginthefieldofpracticeofphilosophyofScience(科学哲学实践视野中的学科交叉)DisciplinecrossinginthefieldofpracticeofphilosophyofScience(科学哲学实践视野中的学科交叉)DisciplinecrossinginthefieldofpracticeofphilosophyofScienceThisarticlesource:paperAbstract:thelimitationofinterdisciplinaryunderstandingisrelatedtothephilosophyofscienceThefieldofpracticeofphilosophyofscienceenrichestheinterdisciplinarypatterns:thedifferentcombinationsoftheory,instrument,experiment,technology,cultureandsoonBoundaryobjectsandstandardizedintegrationnotonlyimplytheinevitabilityofinterdisciplinary,butalsopromptustoconsidertheadmissibilityofscientificresearchresultsinanotherrelateddisciplineThepracticalperspectiveofpeopleinvolvedintheresearchprocessenablesustounderstandandcrossdisciplinefromtheaspectsoftacit,technical,cultural,situationalandotheraspectsThefieldofpracticehasenabledustoacquirenewconsciousnessattheintersectionofdisciplinesKeywords:subjectcrossingtheorysuperioritypracticeturntacitmeetinginterventionFirst,thescientificphilosophybackgroundofinterdisciplinaryunderstandingThetheoryofasubjectisthetheoreticalfoundationofanotherdisciplinethetheoryofthetwodisciplinescanbecombinedtodevelopanewtheoryWeusuallyunderstandtheintersectionofdisciplinesfromatheoreticalpointofviewQuantumchemistry,forexample,isbasedonquantummechanicsandisappliedtotheinterpretationofchemicalprocessesWehavealsoseeninterdisciplinarydisciplinesintermsofexperiment,instrumentandtechnologyXraydiffractionmethodplaysanimportantroleinthediscoveryofDNAstructureButitisgenerallyunderstoodthatthisistheresultofphysicsappliedinbiologicalresearchTheimplicationbehindthisunderstandingisacombinationofdisciplinetheoriesWealsotendtounderstanddisciplinebybacktrackingAftertheemergenceofscientificachievements,itisimportanttoreviewthehistoryofscienceanddiscovertheoverlappingofdisciplinesInthisway,itisdifficultforustorealizethepossibilityofcrossexistingintheprocessofscientificresearch,andlimittheintersectionofdisciplinesthatweintendtocreateOurunderstandingofinterdisciplinarysciencehasitsscientificphilosophicalbackgroundFromtheemergenceoflogicalpositivism,whethercriticalrationalismorparadigm(paradigm)theory,andsoon,alltraditionalphilosophyofsciencehavetakentheviewoftheoreticalsuperiorityStrongprogramofSSKinavarietyofsocialinterestfactorsexplainsocialscienceactivitiesacademicapproachalthoughtheformationofastrongimpactonthephilosophyofscience,butitisonlythescientifictheoryofnaturebasedonsocialtransformationastheroot,didnotchangethepositionoftheoptimaltheoryFocusingonthetheoreticalformsofscienceisacommonfeatureoftraditionalphilosophyofscienceandsskInaddition,theyalltrytofindthesocalledrationalityandmethodologyofuniversalityintheory,butignoretheconcreteprocessandhistoricaltrackofscientificresearchThus,anothercharacteristicoftraditionalphilosophyofscienceandSSKcanbedrawnfromtheneglectofthescientificphilosophicalstudyoftheprocessofscientificresearchThetheoryofscientificphilosophyignoredthestudyonthescientificresearchprocess,alsodonotseeeachotherinscientificresearchequipment,technology,experiment,research,financial,politicalandsoonmanyfactorsandpromotion,donotthinkthatscienceisnatural,theory,instrument,explainmanyaspectsoftheingeniouscombinationof"selfDefense(selfvindication)Gooding(DGooding)said"themainstreamphilosophyofscienceNoneoftheexperimentsinvolved(experimentation)PhilosophyofscienceembodiestheviewofscienceFromthetheoreticalpointofview,theunderstandingofinterdisciplinarycomesfromthescientificphilosophicalbackgroundoftheoreticalsuperiorityTheturningofthissituationrequiresustogetintothepracticalviewofphilosophyofscienceTwo,somephilosophicalviewpointsofscientificpracticeAsthepracticeofphilosophyofscienceturns,someinsightfulideasemergeHarkin(Ihacking)thatthescienceisintheprocessof(intervening),isascientificinstrument,interpretation,nature,theoryandsoontoeachother"breed"selfdefense"Pickering(APickering)believesthatscienceistheprocessofbuildingupvariousheterogeneouselements(mangle),modelling()Gooding(D(Gooding)summingupthecombinationofhand,eyeandbraininthefinestructureofobservation,,asoneofthetwocharacteristicsofexperimentalpracticeRouth(Jrouse)believesthattheparadigmisnotthefirsttoacquirethetheoreticalpositionofidentity,butratherAcquireandapplyaskill"ScientificresearchRootedinthetechnicalgraspofaspeciallyconstructedlocalscene(typicallyalaboratory)Gallison(PGalison)believesthattheexistenceofscientificinstruments,theories,experimentsandothersubcultures,thesetraditionsarenotsimultaneousconversion,butcrossandoverlapeachotherOneofthetraditions,suchasthetheoreticaltradition,appearsbrokenanddoesnotaffectotherconventionalcontinuityScienceisacomprehensiveresultindifferentsocialfieldsofmanyparticipantsinthecommonactivities,theboundaryoftheobject(boundaryobjects)and(standardizedpackages)standardizationintegrationrevealsthecharacteristicsofscientificresearch"BoundaryobjectsareontheinterfaceofseveraldifferentsocialdomainsTheplasticityofboundaryobjectsisadequateforthegeographicalneedsandconstraintsofseveraldifferentgroupsthatemploythemEnoughtomaintainacommonidentityacrossdifferentplaces,Plasticitymeansdifferentareasanddifferentsocialgroupsofthesamecalledboundaryobjectindifferentscenarios,indifferentscenariosofboundaryobjectshavedifferentunderstanding,butitissuitableforeachsceneStandardizedintegrationismadeupofscientifictheoriesandstandardizedtechnologies,whichareconstructedbecausetheyaresharedbymembersofdifferentsocialdomainsAllthesepointsofviewreflecttheattentionofthescientificresearchprocessTheydonotsimplyregardscienceasaknowledgesystem,butasscienceasapracticalprocessTheydonotregardscienceasthetransformationandcontinuationoftheory,butthefusionandevolutionofdifferentculturaltraditionsTheybelievethatsciencehasnostrict"inner","outer"anddisciplineboundariesTheyseeisthecollisionandcouplingofvariousheterogeneouselementsintheprocessofscientificactivitiesseeistheskillsofresearchersandpeopleinvolvedinthestudyofdifferentscenarios(context)seeisaffectedeachothereachtheory,equipment,technology,experimentandthecorrespondinginterpretation,socialinterests,cultureetcTheseheterogeneityandcorrespondingcomplexityofscienceshowusthediversityandrichnessofinterdisciplinaryThree,thenewunderstandingofinterdisciplinaryphilosophyofscientificpractice()avarietyofpossibleacademicdisciplinesScientificresearchisthecollisionprocessofvariousheterogeneousfactorsTheseheterogeneousfactorscomefrominstruments,experiments,techniques,theories,hypotheses,socialinterests,culturaltraditions,ideas,naturalandmaterialconditions,humanskills,andsoonThus,interdisciplinarycrossingisnotapossibility,buttherearemanypossiblecrossintheinfluenceofvariousheterogeneousfactorsGalisensubculturaltraditionoverlapitselfalsomeansthecrossbetweendifferentculturaltraditionsBoundaryobjectsandstandardizedintegrationarethemselvescrosszonesofdifferentresearchfieldsThephilosophyofscientificpracticehighlightsthenewcrossdisciplinaryformsthatwehavenotdirectlydisclosedbeforeInthefieldofpracticewhichisdifferentfromthetheoryofpriority,theinstrument,method,experiment,technology,backgroundtheory,researchdirection,explanatorytheoryandsooncanintersectForexample,inthesamediscipline,differenttechniquesmaybeinvolvedinthesameresearchproblemthatconcernsthem,thusformingadifferentintersectionThesameisthedetectionofneutrinosinparticlephysics,theuseofelectronicdetectors,involvingelectronictechnologyandcomputerdataprocessingtechnologyInthesameway,thewaterinthedetectorispurifiedorthereactionproductoftheneutrinoisextractedfromthecarbontetrachlorideliquid,andthepurificationtechniqueofthechemicalengineeringisutilizedThesetwomethodsinvolvetechnicalfactors,whichformtheintersectionoftechnologyandresearchdirection,butobviouslydifferentcrossformsCrossdisciplinarycanalsooccurbetweendifferentsubculturesForexample,therehavebeentwosubculturaltraditionsofimageandlogicinparticlephysics,,Today'sparticlephysicsdetectorsaremostlylargespectrometersLargescalespectrometersacquirebothlogicalsignals(ie,digitalsignals)andimagesignals,whicharereconstructedbycomputerWhenthedataisreconstructed,thecollectedimagesignalsareprocessedbythelogiccircuitofthecomputer,andthedigitalsignals(ie,logicalsignals)canbegeneratedtogeneratevisibleimagesLogicaltraditionandimagetraditionintersectthesameinstrumentduringthesamedetectionprocess,andthisintersectionisnecessary,otherwisewecannotobtainthedetectionandunderstandingofparticleevents(two)humaninterventionanddisciplineintersectioninscientificactivitiesTheoriginalpointofphilosophyofscientificpracticeistoseetheskillsofresearchers(craft,knowledge)andknowledge(tacit)inscientificresearchInthisway,researchershavebroughtthetacitknowledgeandskillsacquiredinasubjectintoanothersubject,andcanalsoforminterdisciplinarysubjectsThescientificphilosophyfieldofviewalsoseesthetraditionalfusionAllthishasgivenusanewunderstandingofthesubjectcrossingHowtointegrateculturaltraditionsandhowtousethetacitskillsandskillsofresearchersinthenewfieldcanleadtoanewintersectionInordertosolvetherestrictiononshortperioddispersionofpulsarobservations,Hulse(RAHulse)developeddedispersionalgorithmInpractice,youmustuseyourownsilenceandskillstodetermineobservationsTheuseofdedispersionalgorithmandthedevelopmentofhisskillsWiththistechnique,hediscoveredbinarypulsarsbyobservingthedata,whichrequirestheintegrationoftheelectronicsignalprocessingtraditionswiththecelestialmechanicsdataprocessingtraditionsOnthisbasis,heusesradiototestgravitationalwavesThisistheuseofexistingtraditionsandskillsinnewscenariosofradioobservationsHewasawardedtheNobelprizeforphysicsbecausehediscovereddoublepulsarsandtestedgravitationalwaves(three)newthinkingbroughtaboutbytheintegrationofboundaryobjectsandstandardizationBoundaryobjectsandstandardizedintegrationareallconcernedandconstructedbydifferentstudentsindifferentsocialfieldsBoundaryobjectsmakerecruitmentbetweendifferentfieldsofinteresttothemStandardizedintegrationisacommonstandardofcommonconstructionandaccreditationindifferentresearchareasBecauseoftheirinterestindifferentfields,weshouldconsiderthepossibilityofcrossdisciplinaryandcrossresultsConsiderationmaymeanthatotherdisciplineswillfocusonthesameissues,butonlyonmethods,priorities,andinterestsConsideringtheresultsimpliestheadmissibilityoftheresearchquestionsforotherdisciplines,asitrelatestotheformationofstandardizedintegrationandmakesconsensusonthefindingsThisnewfeatureisverydifferentfromthetheory,andthecrossdisciplineisverydifferent,anditshoulddrawaconclusionthatthesubjectcrossingisdifferentfromthepastTheintersectionofawidevarietyofdisciplinesexistsinarichandcomplexprocessofscientificresearch,andthekeyiswhetherwecanrealizewhetherornottheyhaveacquiredtheconsciousnessofcrossingdisciplinesinvariouspossiblewaysReference:shapin,sThepoliticsofobservation:cerebralanatomyandsocialinterestsintheEdinburghphrenologydisputesonthemarginsofscience:thesocialconstructionofrejectedknowledge,sociologicalreviewmonographuniversityofKeele,(US)SelfdefensesciencelaboratoryHajinA(US)AndrewEditedbyPickeringCohen,TrevorAspracticeandculturescienceCBeijing:RenminUniversityofChinapress,,(US)LetthepowerregressionexperimentAGooding(US)AndrewEditedbyPickeringCohen,TrevorAspracticeandculturescienceCBeijing:RenminUniversityofChinapress,,hacking,i代表与介入:自然科学哲学导论专题。剑桥:剑桥大学出版社。pickering所撕裂的做法:时间、机构和科学。芝加哥:芝加哥大学出版社,。(美)劳斯著盛晓明邱慧孟强译。知识与权力:走向科学的政治哲学M北京:北京大学出版社,。galisonpimage和逻辑:一个微观物质文化。芝加哥:芝加哥大学出版社。star公司jrgriesermerinstitutional生态“翻译”和边界对象:业余爱好者和专业人士在伯克利博物馆脊椎动物zoologysocial研究科学卷():。fujimurajhthe分子生物学潮流在癌症研究方面:在社会世界meetsocial问题第卷():。hulserathe发现现代物理学的二进制pulsarreviewvol():。中国论文网

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