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首页 Cranberry A good source of natural antioxidants…

Cranberry A good source of natural antioxidants.doc

Cranberry A good source of natu…

再爱也只是单相思 2018-04-30 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Cranberry A good source of natural antioxidantsdoc》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含CranberryAgoodsourceofnaturalantioxidantsUDC:BIBLID:–(),APTEFF,,()Original符等。

CranberryAgoodsourceofnaturalantioxidantsUDC:BIBLID:–(),APTEFF,,()Originalscienti,cpaperCRANBERRY–AGOODSOURCEOFNATURALANTIOXIDANTSHVQDXPEDVODÿDQDDYDWRYLüRQMDLODVDVQDýDQDGDQRYLüUXQHWDQG*RUGDQDûHWNRYLüKHLQÀXHQFHRIHWUDFWVRIFUDQEHUUIUXLWDQGPLHGWHDFRQWDLQLQJFUDQEHUURQVWDEOHGLSKHQOSLFUOKGUDO'UDGLFDOVKDVEHHQLQYHVWLJDWHGEHOHFWURQVSLQUHVRQDQFH(VSHFWURVFRS$OOLQYHVWLJDWHGHWUDFWVSRVVHVVYHUKLJKDQWLRLGDQWDFWLYLWZKLFKLQFUHDVHGGRVHGHSHQGHQWODWPDVVFRQFHQWUDWLRQVUDQJLQJIURPWRPJPOKHKLJKFRQWHQWVRISKHQROLFVPJJDQWKRFDQLQVPJJ(<:'UDQEHUUSKHQROLFVÀDYDQROVDQWKRFDQLQVYLWDPLQÀDYDQROVDQWLRLGDQWDFLYLW(PJJDQGYLWDPLQPJJLQLQYHVWLJDWHGHWUDFWVLQGLFDWHGWKDWWKHVHFRPSRXQGVVLJQLFDQWOFRQWULEXWHGWRWKHDQWLRLGDQWDFWLYLW$OO,',WKHVHUHVXOWVVKRZWKDWWKHHWUDFWVRIFUDQEHUUIUXLWDQGPLHGWHDFDQEHXVHGDVHDVLODFFHVVLEOHVRXUFHRIQDWXUDODQWLRLGDQWVDQGDVDSRVVLEOHIRRGVXSSOHPHQWHFHQWHSLGHPLRORJLFDOVWXGLHVKDYHLQGLFDWHGWKDWGLHWVULFKLQIUXLWVDQGYHJHWDEOHVDUHDVVRFLDWHGZLWKORZHULQFLGHQFHVRIRLGDWLRQOLQNHGGLVVHDVHVVXFKDVFDQFHU'DQGGLDEHWHVKHVHSURWHFWLYHHIIHFWVRIIUXLWVDQGYHJHWDEOHVDUHQRZOLQNHGWRWKHSUHVHQFHRIYLWDPLQVDQGSKHQROLFSKWRFKHPLFDOVKDYLQJDQWLRLGDQWDFWLYLWZKLFKVXSSRUWWKHERGVDQWLRLGDQWGHIHQVHVVWHPKHQROLFSKWRFKHPLFDOVGXHWRWKHLUSKHQROLFULQJDQGKGUROVXEVWLWXHQWVFDQIXQFWLRQDVHIIHFWLYHDQWLRLGDQWVFDSDEOHRITXHQFKLQJIUHHHOHFWURQVHUULHVOLNHPDQRWKHUIUXLWVDUHULFKLQYLWDPLQDQGSKHQROLFFRPSXQGVZKLFKLQFOXGHELSKHQOVÀDYRQRLGVDQGSKHQROLFDFLGVDQFXOWLYDUVDQGQDWLYHVSHFLHVRIEHUULHVHLVWVRPHZLWKVXEVWDQWLDOOKLJKHUDQWLRLGDQWOHYHOVWKDQRWKHUVHVQDXPEDVF$VVLVWODÿDQDDYDWRYLüF'URQMDLODVURI'UDVQDýDQDGDQRYLüUXQHW$VVRFURI'U*RUGDQDûHWNRYLü$VVRFURIQLYHUVLWRIRYLDG)DFXOWRIHFKQRORJRYLDGXOHYDUDUDDDUDHUELDUDQEHUUDFFLQLXPPDFURFDUSRQ(ULFDFHDHZLWKDQDWWUDFWLYHEULJKWUHGDSSHUDQFHDQGGLVWLQFWLYHÀDYRULVUHFRJQLHGDVDFRQFHQWUDWHGVRXUFHRIGLHWDUÀDYRQRLGVLQFOXGLQJDQWKRFDQLQVÀDYRQROJOFRVLGHVDQGSURDQWKRFDQLGLQVFRQGHQVHGWDQQLQVDVZHOODVYDULRXVSKHQROLFDFLGVKHSLJPHQWVRIFUDQEHUUDQWKRFDQLQVDUHPDLQOSHRQLGLQDQGFDQLGLQJDODFWRVLGHVXHUFHWLQDQGPULFHWLQJOFRVLGHVDUHWKHPRVWDEXQGDQWÀDYRQROJOFRVLGHVLQFUDQEHUUHWUDFWVZKLOHWKHPRVWDEXQGDQWFUDQEHUUSKHQROLFDFLGVDUHSFRXPDULFVLQDSLFFDIIHLFDQGIHUXOLFDFLG$OVRFUDQEHUULVNQRZQWREHDJRRGVRXUFHRIYLWDPLQRSURYLGHDEHWWHUXQGHUVWDQGLQJRIWKHDQWLRLGDQWSURSHUWLHVRIFUDQEHUUHWUDFWUDQEHUUDQGWKHLUSURGXFWVKDYHEHHQDVVRFLDWHGKLVWRULFDOOZLWKPDQSRVLWLYHWKHWRWDOSKHQRODQWKRFDQLQÀDYDQRODQGYLWDPLQFRQWHQWZHUHHYDOXDWHGEWKHEHQHWVRQKXPDQKHDOWK)RUPDQGHFDGHVFUDQEHUUMXLFHKDVEHHQZLGHOXVHGDVDGLSKHQOSLFUOKGUDOIRONUHPHGWRWUHDWXULQDUWUDFWLQIHFWLRQVLQZRPHQDQGRWKHUJDVWURLQWHVWLQDOGLVRUGHUV'UDGLFDOVFDYHQJLQJDVVDUDQEHUUMXLFHHWUDFWVKDYHDOVREHHQVXJJHVWHGWRHKLELWDQWLFDQFHUHIIHFWVDQGWRLQKLELWWKHRLGDWLRQRIORZGHQVLWOLSRSURWHLQLQYLWURSRWHQWLDOOSUHYHQWLQJWKHGHYHORS((,($PHQWRIKHDUWGLVHDVHVKHPLFDOVHWKDQRODFHWRQHDQGDFHWLFDFLGZHUHREWDLQHGIURP=RUNDâDEDFHUELD'LSKHQOSLFUOKGUDO')ROLQLRFDOWHXUHDJHQWJDOOLFDFLGDQGFDWHFKLQZHUHSXUFKDVHGIURPLJPDKHPLFDORODQWPDWHULDO$WKHUXVHGFKHPLFDOVDQGVROYHQWVZHUHRIWKHKLJKHVWDQDOWLFDOJUDGHUDQEHUUIUXLWDQGPLHGWHDFRQWDLQLQJFUDQEHUUIUXLWDSSOHDQGKLELVFXVÀRZHUZHUHSXUFKHGIURPWKHORFDOKHUEDOGUXJVWRUHHWKRGVExtraction'ULHGFUDQEHUUIUXLWDQGPLHGWHDJZHUHHWUDFWHGZLWKPORIYYPHWKDQROFRQWDLQLQJYYDFHWLFDFLGRUSUHVVXUHKHLHOGVDYHUDJHRIWULSOLFDWHDQDOVLVRIHWUDFWVZHUHPJ$(YYDFHWRQHFRQWDLQLQJm(JPJPJMTAEMTMETotalphenolicsRWDOSKHQROLFVLQHWUDFWVZHUHGHWHUPLQHGVSHFWURSKRWRPHWULFDOOYYDFHWLFDFLGDWURRPWHPSHUDWXUHIRUKRXUVKHREWDLQHGHWUDFWVRIFUDQXVLQJWKH)ROLQLRFDOWHXUHDJHQWDQGWKHUHVXOWVDUHHSUHVVHGDVJDOOLFDFLGHTXLYDOHQWVEHUUSHUJGUZHLJKWDFHWRQHHWUDFW$(DQGPHWKDQROHWUDFW(DQGRIPLHGWHDDFHWRQHHWUDFW$(DQGPHWKDQROHWUDFW(ZHUHHYDSRUDWHGWRGUQHVVXQGHUUHGXFHGRWDOÀDYDQROVRQWHQWRIWRWDOÀDYDQROVLQHWUDFWVZDVGHWHUPLQHGVSHFWURSKRWRPHWULFDOOXVLQJWKHYDQLOOLQDVVDDQGWKHUHVXOWVDUHHSUHVVHGDVFDWHFKLQHTXLYDOHQWVSHUJGUZHLJKWTotalanthocyanins$QWKRFDQLQTXDQWLWDWLRQZDVSHUIRPHGVSHFWURSKRWRPHWULFDOOXVLQJWKHSGLIIHUHQWLDOPHWKRG$QWRFDQLQVZHUHTXDQWLHGDVFDQLGLQJOXFRVLGHXVLQJDQHWLQFWLRQFRHIFLHQWRIDQGUHVXOWDQWYDOXHVZHUHHSUHVHGLQWHUPVRIDQWKRFDQLQSHUJGUZHLJKWDPPHradicalassayODQNSUREHZDVREWDLQHGEPLLQJOPPHWKDQROLFVitaminCLWDPLQFRQWHQWLQHWUDFWVZDVDQDOHGYROXPHWULFDOOXVLQJLOPDQVVROXWLRQRI'DQGORIDFHWRQH$YROXPHRIORIPJPODFHWRQHVROXWLRQPHWKRGDQGWKHUHVXOWVDUHHSUHVVHGDVPJSHUJGUZHLJKWRIHWUDFWZDVDGGHGWRDPLWXUHRIORIDFHWRQHDQGORIPPHWKDQROLFVROXWLRQRI'UDGLFDOSUREHKHUDQJHRIWKHLQYHVWLJDWHGHWUDFWFRQFHQWUDWLRQVZDVPJPO$IWHUWKDWWKHPLWXUHZDVVWLUUHGIRUPLQDQGWUDQVIHUUHGWRDPRGXODWLRQDPSOLWXGH*UHFHLYHUJDLQWLPHFRQVWDQWPVFRQYHUVLRQTXDUWÀDWFHOO()KH(VSHFWUDZHUHUHFRUGHGRQDQ(VSHFWURPHWHUUXNHU(*SRZHUP:WHPSHUDWXUHqWLPHPVFHQWHUHOG*VZHHSZLGWK*EDQGIUHTXHQFKHLQVWHWWHQ*HUPDQXQGHUWKHIROORZLQJFRQGLWLRQVHOGPRGXODWLRQNKHDQWLRLGDQWDFWLYLW$$'RIWKHHWUDFWRQ'ZDVGHQHGDVAA'îRRKKK>ZKHUHKDQGKDUHWKHKHLJKWRIWKHVHFRQGSHDNLQWKH(VSHFWUXPRI'UDGLFDOVRRIWKHEODQNDQGWKHSUREHUHVSHFWLYHO($'',,KHWRWDOFRQWHQWVRISKHQROLFVÀDYDQROVDQGDQWKRFDQLQVDVZHOODVWKHFRQWHQWRIYLWDPLQLQ$(($(DQG(DUHVKRZQLQ)LJFigRWDOFRQWHQWVRISKHQROLFVÀDYDQROVDQWKRFDQLQVDQGYLWDPLQLQ$(($(DQG(KHFRQWHQWVRIWRWDODQWKRFDQLQVZHUHPJJLQ(PJJLQ(PJJLQ$(DQGPJJLQ$(KHOHYHOVRIÀDYDQROVLQ$(PJJZHUHKLJKHUWKDQLQ$(PJJDQGWKHVHGLIIHUHQFHVZHUHVWDWL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