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首页 Longmen Grottoes(龙门石窟)

Longmen Grottoes(龙门石窟).doc

Longmen Grottoes(龙门石窟)

lu立威
2019-01-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Longmen Grottoes(龙门石窟)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

LongmenGrottoes(龙门石窟)LongmenGrottoes(龙门石窟)Touristattractions:TheLongmenGrottoesandtheYungangGrottoesinShanxi,MogaoGrottoesinDunhuangandTianshuiMaijishangrottoesandChinafourcavesItislocatedinLuoyang,thirteenkmsouthofthecity,hereistheXiangshanandLongmenmountainsbetweentwomountains,Iraqfromriverflowthrough,lookinglikeanaturalgateque,socalled"yique"IntheSuiDynasty,SuitiYangGuangcengboardedtheLuoyangNorthMangshan,LuoyangtoseetheSouthyique,tohisattendantssaid,thisisnotthesonsoftheheavenportalWhydon'tthecapitalhereAministernotanswered,thenonIdonotknow,justwaitingforyouSuitiafterlistentoLongyan,inLuoyangbuilttheeastcapitaloftheSuiDynasty,thepalaceisFrontGateyiqueyique,sincethen,hasbeenthehabitcalledLongmenLongmenpicturesquescenery,pleasantscenery,hotspringlightSinceancienttimes,LongmenwasincludedintheLuoyangmountainsandtheeightking'scrown,theTangDynastypoetBaiJuyioncesaid:"Luosuburbs,thelandscapeoftheLongmenSheng,songyan"LongmenGrottoesisbuiltbetweenthecliffsofmountainsandwatersItwascarvedintaptaEspeciallythesouthwallofthemahasthamaprapta,aquiet,honestfigure,inthetheImperialPalaceMuseumhasmorethancopiesofthedisplayTwoBuddhaandAmitabhaonbothsideswereknownasSamWest,threesaintsinWesternElysianFields,BuddhismistheobjectofbeliefInBinyangBinyangisintheNorthernWeiDynastyrepresentativecave"Binyang"meansgreetingthesunbornBinyangthreeholesdrilledintheNorthernWeiDynasty,theNorthernWeiXuanEmperorXiaowentodogooddeedsforhisfatherbuiltItstartedintheyear,whichlastedyears,employmentreachedthousandand,becauseafterthepalacecoupandhostLiuTengdiedofillnessandotherreasons,thethreecavesintheplan(inBinyang,SouthandNorthholehole)completedonlyaBinyangcave,SouthandNortharetotheholeholebeforetheearlyTangDynastythemainstatueBinyangcaveisahorseshoeshapedplane,thecentraldome,carveddoublelotuslotuslotusformBaogai,issurroundedbyeightperformersLotteandtwoforheavenTheystoppedflying,flyinginthewindaroundthelotuscanopy,gracefulpostureThecaveisathreeBuddhatheme,namely,thepast,thepresentandthefutureTheLordBuddhaisShakyaMuniHewasthefounderofBuddhism,formerlyknownasSiddharthaGautama,thesonoftheancientkingofIndiaHelivedwithConfuciusinChinaatthesameage,yearsolderthanConfuciusHewasamonkattheageof,aftersixyears,theBuddhaenlightenment,foundedbuddhismBecauseoftheNorthernWeiDynastyadvocatetoleantotheUnitedStates,sothemainBuddhaShakyaMunicheeksthin,slenderneck,slenderbodyThedraperyisdense,carvingtechniquesusingthestraightbladeoftheNorthernWeidynastyTheEmperorXiaowenmovedtoLuoyangaftertheimplementationofaseriesofChinesepolicy,sointhemainBuddhadressaBuddhastatueinYungangGrottoesthatfavorstherightshouldertyperobe,andwearingarobesleeverobeAllShakyaMunihadtwodisciplesandtwobodhisattvasTwoseeiftheBodhisattvawithsmile,gentleandhonestLeftandrightwallalsohavestatuesofashop,isaBuddha,Bodhisattvatwo,aDressofanancientscholarcassock,AngiopterisremaincoveredThenorthandsouthsidesofthefrontwallofthecavehavefourlayersofexquisiterelieffromtoptobottomThefirstlayeristo"VimalakirtiSutra"asthethemeofthestoryiscalled"Vimalakirtirelief,change"ThesecondlayeristhetwobuddihiststoryThethirdlayeristhefamousemperoraftertheBuddhafigureThefourthlayeristhe"tengods"sculptureEspeciallytheBuddhafigurelocatedonthethirdflooroftheImperialPalace,theyreflecttheBuddhistactivitiesoutoftheBuddhistpiety,solemnandquietmood,accuratemodeling,exquisiteproduction,representsahighlevelofdevelopmentofcontemporarylifegenrepainting,hasimportantartisticvalueandhistoricalvalueItisapitythattheywerestolenabroadinthethreeandsofthelastcenturyTheyarenowondisplayattheMetropolitanMuseumofartinNewYork,USA,andtheNelsonMuseumofartinKansasSouthBinyangcaveTheSouthBinyangcavecaveastheNorthernWeiDynastyexcavatedcave,butseveralstatuesofBuddhaaremainlycompletedinearlyTangdynastyTheLordBuddhaAmitabha,fullface,shouldersgenerous,plump,reflectstheTangDynastyfatisbeautifulstyleBinyangSouthholeisTangTaizongLiShimin'sfourthsonofKingLiTaiintheNorthernWeiDynastybasedontheabandonedcontinuedchisel,ashismotherempresstodogooddeedsandbuild,belongstothetransitionperiodofworkThreeBuddhacliffAtotalofsevencliffthreeBuddhastatues,threeofthemaresittingBuddha,fourstandingBuddhastatuesinChina,thiscombinationofGrottoesisextremelyrareThemiddleofthemainBuddhaMaitreya,sittingonthesideofthepedestal,headdamage,onlycarvedoutcontours,unpolishedAccordingtoBuddhistrecords,theMaitreyaBuddhaisthe"futureBuddha",whichisnowthesuccessortoSakyamunibuddhaWuZetianusedMaitreya'sbeliefasitsaccessiontothethroneofpublicopinion,afterclaimingthethrone"Cheshire"(Maitreya),MaitreyatopromotethepopularbeliefCutCliffisemergingthreeshrinesinthishistoricalbackground,withthedownfallofWuZhouregime,cliffthreeshrinesandthusalsoshutdownAlthoughthisgroupofstatuesisasemifinishedproduct,itprovidesavaluablematerialforustounderstandtheexcavationprocedureofthegrottostatuesMyriadBuddhaHoleTopokeholesbecausethenorthandsouthsidescarvedneatlyarrangedfifteenthousandsmallBuddhanamedThecavewasanteriorchamberstructure,madetwolux,twolions,aftertheroommadeoneBuddhaandtwoBodhisattvatwodisciplesofthetwoheavenlykings,LongmenGrottoesisthemostcompletecombinationofstatueofcaveOnthetopofabeautifullotusflower,surroundedbylotusflowersaroundaInscriptions:"DatangYonglongNovemberthofthefirstyear,daikanShenbiaoYao,YundojoinJackson,fifteenthousandstatueniche"ItshowsthatthecaveisduginthepalacetwofemaleofficerYaoShenbiaoanddojoinYunChiMasterundertheauspicesofthefirstyearoftheTangemperor,wascompletedinadyonglongTheLordBuddhaAmitabha,sittinginadoublelotusseat,isround,twoshouldersgenerous,conciseandsmoothlinesofclothesusingroundknifecarvingtechniquesinTangdynastyTheLORDsaid,"FoshifearlessIndia"fearlessinbetweenheavenandearth,overweeningTheLordBuddhasittinginthelotusthrone,carvedinwaistpartsfourVajra,thestrugglingupwardmajesticandLordBuddhacomposedinstarkcontrast,alsoaccentuatedtheserenityoftheLordbuddhaTherearefiftytwolotusflowersatthebackofthemainBuddha,eachsittingonalotuswithasupportBodhisattvaTheysitorside,orholdalotus,orwhisper,lookdifferent,likeagroupofdifferentgirlsThefiftytworepresentsfromthebeginningtotheendofBuddhaBodhisattvapracticeofrank,namelyten,ten,tenletters,ten,ten,etctosleep,sleepwellInthecave,thetwowallsofthenorthandSouthareneatlycarvedwithfifteenthousandsmallBuddhastatues,eachofwhichisonlyfourcentimetershighInthenorthandsouthwallsofthewallbasetwosixrespectivelycarvedJiyue,kabukidanceinthemelodioussoundofmusicanddance,Titaiqingying,veryprettyandcharmingThewholecaverevealstheideallandandbeautifuldecoration,thewesternElysianFieldstoexpressawarmandcheerfulatmosphere,thebuddhaThereisalsoaBodhisattvastatueonthesouthsideofthecaveSheisabeautifulexampleofmanyBodhisattvasinLongmenGrottoesduringtheTangdynastyBodhisattvaiscmhigh,headtiltedtotheright,thebodyintoa"s'"curve,thewholegestureisverybeautifulanddignifiedMeiLanfang,afamousChinesedramamaster,wasattractedandadmiredbyherbeautifulimagewhenshevisitedLongmenintheearlyyears,andwassuccessfullyappliedtohisperformanceLianhuaCaveBecausethelotuscavecarvedKudingaDuogaoembossedlotusnamed,somedugintheNorthernWeidynastyThelotusisthesymbolofBuddhism,tocomeoutofthedirtymudunsoiledTherefore,mostoftheBuddhistgrottoesaredecoratedwithlotusflowers,butsuchlargeandexquisitelotusreliefslikethelotuscaveroofarerareinLongmenGrottoesAroundthelotusflyingTitaiqingying,waistdress,postureThewallismadeofoneBuddhaandtwoBodhisattvadisciplestwo,asthemainShakyaMunistatue,thetypeDressofanancientscholarrobe,pleatsconciseThisisShakyaMunilikeShakyaMunioutlobbying,preachingtheimageTwodisciplediscipleKasyapaleftshallowrelief,deepheadhighnose,chestmuscleswithabrupt,Xizhang,likeaWesternascetic,butitsheadwasstolenyearsago,theFrenchGuimetmuseumThesmallestBuddhainLongmenGrottoes,onlycentimetershigh,thesesmallpiecesofsmallThousandBuddhasareabovethesouthwallofthelotuscaveTheyarevivid,detailedandvividfengxiantempleFengxianTempleisthemostexquisitestatuesclifftypegroupforLongmenGrottoes,thelargestartThemainbuildingonthenorthsideoftheinscriptionFoliancalledthe"Losananiche",becauseitbelongstotheroyaltempleofFengxianTempleandcalledthe"Fengxiantemple"Thereareninelargebodylike,intermediateprincipalBuddhaLosanaBuddha,asreportedbyShakyaMuni,metershigh,metershigh,meterslongearsTheBuddha'sfaceisfullandround,withwavyhaironthetopofhisheadDoubleeyebrowcurvedcrescent,attachedtoapairofeyes,staringaheadslightlyHighstraightnosebridge,smallmouth,showingpeacefulsmileEarslongandslightlypendulous,chinroundedandslightlyforwardHarmonyharmony,homely,wearingthroughshouldercassock,draperyJaneplain,acircleofconcentriclinesofclothes,thepicturecontrasttotheexceptionallybrightandholyThevicissitudesofthediscipleKasyapa,experiencedandsteady,gentleandintelligentsmalldisciples,expressionofmodesty,richandmagnificentBodhisattva,valiantheroicking,theLordBuddhaandoverbearingluxRocanatogetherconstituteagroupofhighlyimageartgroupmodaltextureBehindtheninebodyliketheFengxianTempletherearemanysmallrectangularniches,thisisaboutthesongandJinDynasties,peopleliketonicheprotectiononnichesbuiltwoodenroofstylebuildings,thesebuildingsaffecttheBuddhastatuesofventilation,acceleratedweathering,whichwaslaterdemolishedFengxianTemplelargeQundiaoartwithitsgrandscale,exquisitecarvingstonecarvingartinChinaatthepeak,tobecomeamodelofstonecarvingartofChina,hasbecomeasymbolofthisgreateraoftheTangdynastyguyangcaveHoleintheLongmenmountainsouth,dugintheyear,isthestatueoftheLongmenGrottoesgroupintheopeningoftheearliestandmostabundant,thehighestcontentofBuddhistcalligraphyartinacaveItismagnificentinscaleandmagnificentinappearanceNorthwallengravedwiththe"holecaveKaiti"threewords,bytheendoftheQingDynasty,themainTaoistbelieverslikeShakyaMunialteredintoLaoimage,whatLaoTzuwashere,sopracticeDan,alsocalledLaojunholeholeHoleiscomposedofanaturallimestonecavedugintotheOnthetopofnolotushorseshoeshapedcaisson,groundAndlikeShakyaMuni,adoublecollardroopingrobes,thinface,eyessmiling,quietlysittinginthesquaretable,stoodinthelefthandisthemainBuddhaAquariusAvalokiteshvara,ontherightistotakethemaniorbmahasthamaprapta,theylookquiet,calmmannerHolesizeofuptohundredsofshrines,carvingdecorationisverybeautiful,especiallyinthedesignofnicheshape,andtheamountofnichenichelintel,richandcolorful,bethemostchangeful,somelotuslikepointedarches,somehouseshapedbuildings,somehangingsandtassels,andmadeanichelintelcarvedinstoriesofBuddhism,suchas:thesouthwallholeonthealtarofSakyamuniDuobaobirthtree,alotus,stepbystep,Kowloonisaboutempowerments,SiddarthafromhismotherMayarightarmpitwasborn,justborn,ittooksevensteps,eachstepofthefootprintsarealotusflower,whichiscalledstepbysteplotusandhestoodonthestage,intheskythereareninedragonsforhimwithwaterbathTheholeisthemostconcentratedRoyalvowtoplacestatuesThesehighofficialsandnoblelordsatthecostofmoney,inordertocutgrottoes,plantingmerit,prayingtoavoiddisaster,butalsoleftLongmentwentytreasuresofcalligraphyGuyangcavehasnineteenproducts,otherproductsinCIXiangkilnLongmentwentyreferstotheselectionoftwentypiecesoftheinscriptiononthestatuesofdifferentfromtheNorthernWeiDynasty,theyrecordedshrinescarvedtime,character,objectiveetcThecharacteristicsoftwentyproductsare:correctfontandgenerous,vigorousandsimplestructure,thepenbetweenHanLiandTangkaiTheQingDynastyscholarKangYouweihasvigorouslyadvocatedthewholesocietytowritewithWeibei,now,Longmentwentyproductsstillhaveboundlessartisticcharm,attractingcountlessoverseasfriends,everyyearacrossthesea,tobeabletoseethiscalligraphytreasuresPrescriptioncaveAfterthehole,wecametotheprescriptionprescriptionholehole,thecavedoorengravedwithmanyTangDynastynamedprescriptionItbegantohammerinthelaterperiodofNorthernWeiDynasty,theEasternWeiandNorthernQiDynastytotheTangDynasty,isasculptureThefiveBuddhabodystifflittlecurve,thickneck,strongbody,Bodhisattvacrownonbothsidesofthetapeisverylong,droopingtotheupperarmThisischaracteristicofNorthernQistatueskindsofprescriptionportalengravedonbothsides,thedrugisaplant,animalandmineralmedicinePrescriptionsinvolvingmedical,surgical,pediatrics,facialfeatures,andsoon,involvingmedicinalherbscanbefoundinthecivil,toagreatextentconvenienttothepeopleTheprescriptioncannotonlytreatcommondiseases,butalsotreatmentsuchaschokingtherapyDifficultmiscellaneousdiseases,cantreatmentofesophagealcancerofthemwerecollectedbytheJapanesescholarinthe"heartprescription"intenthCentury,whichshowstheirvalueandinfluenceTheprescriptionprescriptioncaveistheearliestextantinscriptionsontheprescription,ChinesemedicinetolearnimportantCaveAfterreadingthecavesoftheWesternHills,wecrossedthewaterbridgeandcametotheDongshangrottoesBeforethefootofDongshanRoadwasnotopened,thetopofthemegalithwasaplatformThelegendthattheFengxianTempleiscompleted,WuZetianpersonallychairedtheofficialstovisitLongmen,agrandopeningceremony,thebigbandinthisplatformappearedtoaddtothefun,solaterhecalleditleigutaiThethreeholeisnearleigutaicalledleigutaithreeholeThisisthecave,alsoknownasMrsDoverBuddhacaveIsaWuZhouZencave,ChineseZenBuddhismistospecializeinthereligiousmeditation"Meditation"isastableandsecuremeanstoceasetokillAsthedomeshaped,andornatelotusisacaisson,statuesofBuddhaandtwoBodhisattvas,themainBuddhakneessagandsittingMaitreyaBuddha,wallbasehastwentyfivestatuesinhighreliefLohanportrait,fromsouthtoNorthWestWestwallAringdecoratedwithimagesofrohan,BothsideareengravedwiththeimagesofLohanLohanisanexcerptfrom"payfazangbiography"inthetextintroducesthecausesandcharacteristicsoftheocean'slifeTherearemanynewwordsintheScriptures,whicharethecavesofZenBuddhismduringtheWuZhouperiodTheTaipeicaveTheholeiscutintheLongmenGrottoesinTaipeiearlier,thelargestgrottostatuesofTantra,TantricBuddhismisoneoftheChinesefactions,itoriginatedfromIndia,producedinseventhCentury,theBuddhistTantraisfinallyasectofBuddhism,BuddhismspreadChina,inpromotingChina,evenasJapan,Korea,andTantricleadersandtheirreligiousactivities,andLuoyangandLongmenGrottoeshaveaverycloserelationshipTheTaipeicavedomeroof,horseshoeshapedplane,metershigh,meterswide,onthetopofthelotuscaisson,aroundfourflyingItisnotclearbecauseofweatheringanddenudationItissaidthatasthemainholeinthenorth,threestatuesandNandongastatueofBuddha,aremovingfromelsewhereintheperiodoftheRepublicofchinaTheThreeGreatBuddha,LordBuddhaeastwallforVairocana,meaningthatinadditiontothesun,darktimesbrightmeaning,soitisalsocalled"Tathagata",itsHeadbandTiara,decorationwitharmletBodhisattvaarm,likemetershigh,knotJiafuzuothetableonthemeterOnthefrontwallofthesouthoftheNorthcave,carvedastatueofGuanyinlikeeightarms,metershigh,barefootsittingontheroundtablesat,fourarmelevenGuanyininthenorthofthefrontwallwascarved,likemetershigh,standingbarefootintheroundtabletositonKanjingTempleLookatthesculpturebythetempleofWuZetianperiod,doublechamberstructure,roomtensmallcliffseveralnichestatues,themainchamberdepthofcm,cmwide,cmhigh,flat,squareplane,verticalwalls,threewerecarvedoutofthehighwallofthelowercmfromtheocean'stwentynineprogenitor(positivewalltwo,),awallastheoceanimagesofChina'sTangDynastyisthemostbeautiful,accordingtothe"magicweapon"FeiancientinscriptionThisisnotonlythearhatstatuescarvedcarvedcaves,likealargemeditationhall,maybehostedbythecutofthezenLook,thetempleisthelargestcaveintheeastofLongmen,andtheDharmaboatsarewellpreservedFragrantHillTempleXiangshantempleislocatedintheancientcapitalofthirteendynastiesinLuoyangkilometerssouthoftheXiangshanwestdepression,andtheworldculturalheritageLongmenGrottoesXishananarrowstripofwaterinthearea,acrosstheriver,connectedwiththeLongmenGrottoesGrottoesDongshanandBaiYuananeighborstandingsidebysideFragrantHillisnamedforitsabundanceofsweetscentedbeansMicroXiangshantemplebuiltintheNorthernWeiDynastykiheifirstyear(ADyears),Tangchuigongthreeyears(ADyears),inIndia(Rizhao)Pocircuittomonksburiedhere,fortheplacementoftheleftbodyreconstructionofthetempleTianshouthefirstyear(AD),EmperorWuZetianinLuoyang,theestablishmentofWuZhouDynasty,WuLiangwangpetitionedtheimperial,"Xiangshantemple,andthetemplewasrebuilt,XiangshantempleruinscehanflyingPavilion,Lingyun,magnificent,WuZetianoftengoproRoyalTravel,XiangshantempleinShilousittinginLeavethe"XiangshanpoemfromRobe"storyTangandsixyears(ADyears),HenanYinBaiJuyidonatedsixtyorseventyWanguan,XiangshanTemplerebuilt,andwrotethe"repair"Xiangshantemple,thetemplebecamefamous,thisarticlebeginswiththefirstoneistheXiangshanTemplerespected"Luoyangenvironsscenerywins,LongmenYan,LongmententempletheconceptofTourvictory,XiangshansongYan,BaiJuyicallhimself"XiangshanUpasaka"andasa"fullXiangshannineoldmonkwhowill"chantinthetemplehallofShanglin,Huichangsixyears(ADyears)thedeathofBaiJuyi,wasburiedinthetestamentXiangshantempleasfullmastertowerSongandJinDynastiesXiangshantemplestill,attheendoftheyuanwasabandoned,theKangxiperiodoftheQingDynastyrebuilt,EmperorQianLonghadpraisedthe"LongmentourXiangshantemple,wheretentemple,thefirstnumberofXiangshan",thispoemHemadethefirst"twopoems"Xiangshantemple,wasengravedinthestone,islocatedinXiangshanTempleofemperorQianLongthepavilionisstandsapieceofstone,forovertwohundredyears,inthelateQingDynastyandearlyRepublicofChina,Xiangshantempleanddeserted,Xiangshantemplewasrebuiltafter,ForJiangJieshitocelebratethefiftybirthdayinthetemple,builtatwostoreysmallbuildingJiangJieshiandSongMeilingseveraltimesinthissummer,thisbuildingislocatedonthesoutheastsideofXiangshantemple,knownas"Jiangsongvilla"Aftertheliberation,Xiangshantemplehasconductedanumberofrepairs,now,inordertoimplementthe"tourismcity"strategy,expandtheLongmenGrottoesscenictourismprojects,richculturalconnotationoftheXiangshantemple,Xiangshantempletourismpromotion,carryforwardthetraditionalcultureoftheChinesenation,theLuoyangmunicipalgovernmentandtheLongmenGrottoesauthorityaccordingto"theLongmenGrottoesareaplanning"andthe"LuoyangLongmenGrottoesprotectionregulations",toinvestmillionyuaninthefirsthalfoftocompletethetransformationoftheXiangshantempleThereconstructionprojectwascompletedfromtheendoftothebeginningofApril,andlasteddays,whichcreatedthemostspeedoftemplesinourcountryThisisthefifthtimeinthehistoryofXiangshanTemplerestoration,XiangshantemplefromthenewstyleofTangDynasty,JiangsongLou,QianLongyuPavilion,mantletowersuchashistoricalrelicstorepair,preservation,protectionThebelltowerandthedrumtower,themainhallwasbuiltonthesite,therenovationofthehallofheavenlykings,theoceanpalace,steproadetccollectionofculturalrelicsTheLongmenmuseumcontainsstatuesoftheseat,theinscriptionofblocks,pieces,piecesofartifactsandstatues,piecesofporcelain,bronzeware,block,piecesofstonecarving,paintingandcalligraphyinscriptionsin,isavaluableculturalheritageofourcountrybesttraveltimeSpringdrought,summerhotandrainy,autumnmild,coldwinter,theaveragetemperatureofaboutdegreesDuringtheLuoyangpeonyfestivaleveryyearfromAprilsttoMaythandenjoythepeonyandvisittheLongmenGrottoesForbusytouristsdonotjointhepeony,LongmenGrottoesisthebesttouristseasonisautumn,themountaintour,aninvigoratingautumnclimate,itisenjoyablescenicfoodLongmenGrottoesisthemostuniquewaterLuoyangseats,entreeswithsoup,eattochangeatogether,likewater,hencethenameThepalacewasintroduced,LuoyangisthefirstchoiceTotreattheoldYaoYao,reallydifferent,Binglake,LuoyangrestauranttotasteThereare"nosoup",hasahundredyearsofhistory,coveringthescenicspotsandLuoyangstreetsscenicshoppingTherearemanyspecialtiesinLuoyang,rangingfromhandicraftstolocalspecialtiesThefamousTangDynasty,inLuoyanghasahundredyearsofhistoryLuoembroideryisatraditionalhandicraftinLuoyangIthasahistoryofmorethanyearsThereistheimpressionofLuoyangtouristsouvenirsseries,Luoyangstone,Luoyangcherry,plumjade,theYellowRivercarp,DukangwineTheshoppingenvironmentinLuoyangisprettygoodMajorshoppingmallsnotonlyprovidevisitorswithawiderangeofworldfamousbrand,domesticproducts,homeappliances,fashion,goldandsilverjewelryandothercommodities,butalsoavarietyofentertainment,accommodationandfacilitiesarealsoavailableHandicrafts:antiquebronzeLuoningbambooembroideredembroideredLuoyanglanternsLuoyangTangWangMaziscissorsZhaoBingyancoppermudwhistleLuoyangLongmenGrottoesisthethemeofthetourismsouvenirssuchasrefrigeratorLuoyangimpressionofamultitudeofnames,FengxianTempleLongmenGrottoesscenicareaoftheBuddhasthemestickers,pens,CDboxes,portableashtray,memopad,andtheLongmenGrottoescartoonimageastheprototypeofthekeychain,cardsandothersmallsouvenir
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