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首页 元音字母的读音规则.doc

元音字母的读音规则.doc

元音字母的读音规则.doc

上传者: zhang仁翠c 2017-12-08 评分 5 0 132 18 598 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《元音字母的读音规则doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含元音字母的读音规则一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音a在开音节中einameplaneJanebabycake在闭音节中bagdadhatmapblac符等。

元音字母的读音规则一,元音字母在重读音节中的读音a在开音节中einameplaneJanebabycake在闭音节中bagdadhatmapblackbacke在开音节中i:hethesemeChinese在闭音节中ebedletpendeskyeseggi在开音节中aibikeflydrivetimenicekite在闭音节中ifishbigdrinksitmilkswimo在开音节中euthoseclosegohoehomeno在闭音节中clocknotboxshopsocku在开音节中ju:studentexcusedutyTuesday在闭音节中buscupjumpmuchlunch在开音节中,元音字母u在辅音字母jlrs后面时读u:音,例如:Junebluerulersuper二,元音字母在非重读音节中的读音aeChinaanotherwomanbreakfastiorangecomradevillagecabbageeehundredstudentopenweekendichickenpocketbeginchildrenIeiholidaybeautifulfamilyanimalaiexercisesatelliteoesecondtonightsomebodywelcomeeualsozerophotoueautumndiffcultju:popularcongratulationJanuary动词中的a如果处在开音节位置,a读ei音,例如:operateu处在开音节位置,又在辅音字母jlrs后面时,读u(:)音,例如:JulyinfluenceFebruaryissue三,元音字母在重读音节中的特殊读音a在w音后面wantwhatwatchwashqualitya在fnskphspssstth前a:afterplantgraphaskgraspglassfastfatheri在ndld和gh前aifindchildlighthigho在stld前eumostpostcardoldcoldo在mnvth前comemonkeylovemother四,r音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音ara:carfarmdarksharpener在w音后面:warmquartertowardsor:fortymorningshort在w音后面:wordworkerworseerirur:certainlybirdThursday辅音字母r双写时,前面的元音字母不能与r构成r音节,而是按重读闭音节的拼读规则发音例如:carrysorryhurryr音节在非重读音节中通常读音,例如:dollarteachermartyrforgetSaturday五,re音节元音字组在重读音节中的读音areecaredarehareereheremereireaifirehirewireore:morescorebeforeureju:purecureareereireore很少出现在非重读音节中,ure在非重读音节中读音,例如:picturepleasure重读元音字母加Rr,再加非重读元字组时,重读元音字母应按re音节拼读规则拼读,字母Rr读r音例如:parentzerostoryduringinspiring某些常用词及多音节词经常出现长音短化现象例如:orangeveryAmericanparagraph六,元音字组在重读音节中的读音aiayeiafraidrainwaitdayplayairaiairhairchairpairrepairalsmallballtalkwallall在f,m前:lalwaysalsosaltalmostbalda:halfcalmauaw:autumndaughterdraweai:teacheasycheappleaseeheavybreadsweaterweathereibreakgreateariheardearnearclearyearεbearpearwear:earthlearnearlyeei:jeepweekgreenthreeeeripioneerdeerbeereieyeieightneighbourtheyi:eitherkeyeuewju:newfewnewspaper在jlrs后u:flewbrewieeis音之后i:piecefieldreceiveoaucoatJoanboatgoaloaroor:roarboarddoorflooroioyinoisepointboytoiletoou:broomfoodtoothschoolubooklookcookfootgoodouowauflowerhousecountdownuknowrowthrowthoughyoungcountryenoughu:groupyousoupour:courseyourfourauourhourours:journeyuiju:ifluidsuicidetuition在jlrs后u:juicefruitsuit七,非重读音节中元音字组和字群的读音aiayeieyiSundayforeignmonkeyowuyellowsparrowtomorrow元音字组在非重读音节中读音或i例如:neighbourseriousfamousbiscuitcoffeesiontionnimpressionnationsion在元音字母后nvisiondecisionoccasiontion在s后tnquestionsuggestionstensnlistenstleslwhistlesurepleasuremeasureturetpictureculture八,元字组在复合词非重读音节中的读音复合词中的第二部分不标注重音符号,但其中的元音字母或元音字组仍按重读音节拼读规则拼读例如:everydayeihandbagblackboard:有些词随着语言的发展,前后两部分已失去其单独存在的意义,融合成为一个词其中的非重读部分要按非重读音节的读音规则发音例如:sun太阳dayei日子>Sundayi星期天holy神圣dayei日子>holidayi假日break中断fasta:斋戒>breakfast早餐cup茶杯board木板:>cupboard碗柜九,辅音组的读音bbbikebusbagbombtomb注:不发音ckcakepicturecoatmusic在e前或在iy前csfacedecidecinemachtmuchchickrichteacherkschoolheadachechemistrymachineckkcockpocketblackknockdddoctorbreadhanddaydgedbridgefridgedrdrchildrendriverdrinkfffivefourbreakfastggbaggardongog在eiy前dorangelargeGermanghfcoughenoughlightdaughterhighguguegugguessleaguedialogue在非重读音节中gwlanguageanguishhhhotheadhousehandhourhonestjdjeepjarjokejoinJulykkkindbikeskatemakeweekknnknifeknowknocklllifemilkschooltallmmmonkeycomeautumnmnmautumncolumnnnnotshinetennote在kg音前unclethankhungryngmorningyoungwrongpppaperplanepigshippenphfelephantphototelephoneqkIraqqukwqualityquiterrredrubberrulers在词首或清辅音前ssitsleepdesk元音字母间或浊辅音前zmusichusbandscskscarletsmusclescienceshshefishshirtwasht在通常情况下ttenlettermeet在弱读字母iaieio前patientnationtchtwatchth在通常情况下θthinthirtymethod在冠词代词介词连词中thethesewiththan在词尾thether中clothefatherweathertrtrtreetraincountrytruckvvveryvoiceloveleavewwweekwinwakesweetwaitanswertwowhwwhatwhenwhitewhywh在字母o前hwhowhosewholexksboxtextexercise在重读元音前gzexamleexistexactwrrwriteyjyesyardyellowyoungzzpuzzlezerozoo重读音节单词中读音特别响亮的音节用音标标记双音节,多音节词的读音时,应使用重读符号单音节词多数是重读音节,标记读音时不需要使用重读符号开音节绝对开音节:单个元音字母后面没有辅字组的重读音节例如:nobluebabystudentsecret相对开音节:单个元音字母后面加单个辅音字母,再加一个不发音字母e构成的重读音节例如:namethesebikehomeexcuse闭音节单个元音字母后面有辅字组(rwy除外)且以辅字组结尾的重读音节例如:bageggfishnotcup多音节词重读规则多音节词通常在倒数第三个音节重读例如:elephantcongratulation词尾有ic或tion,sion的词,在ic或sion,tion前的一个音节上重读例如:scientificimpressionnation

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