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首页 英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题.doc

英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题.doc

英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题.doc

吴小荣 2018-06-14 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题doc》,可适用于工作范文领域,主题内容包含英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题精品文档英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题英语四级考试的长篇阅读题篇章长对考生的整体阅读能力有了更高的要求需要考生重视平时的阅读训符等。

英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题精品文档英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题英语四级考试的长篇阅读题篇章长对考生的整体阅读能力有了更高的要求需要考生重视平时的阅读训练。下面学习啦小编为大家带来英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题供各位考生复习训练。英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题原文HowYourLanguageAffectsYourWealthandHealthADoesthelanguagewespeakdeterminehowhealthyandrichwewillbeNewresearchbyKeithChenofYaleBusinessSchoolsuggestssoThestructureoflanguagesaffectsourjudgmentsanddecisionsaboutthefutureandthismighthavedramaticlongtermconsequencesBTherehasbeenalotofresearchintohowwedealwiththefutureForexample,thefamousmarshmallow(棉花糖)studiesofWalterMischelandcolleaguesshowedthatbeingabletoresisttemptationispredictiveoffuturesuccessFouryearoldkidsweregivenamarshmallowandweretoldthatiftheydonoteatthatmarshmallowandwaitfortheexperimentertocomeback,theywillgettwomarshmallowsinsteadofoneFollowupstudiesshowedthatthekidswhowereabletowaitforthebiggerfuturerewardbecamemore精品文档successfulyoungadultsCResistingourimpulsesforimmediatepleasureisoftentheonlywaytoattaintheoutcomesthatareimportanttousWewanttokeepaslimfigurebutwealsowantthatlastsliceofpizzaWewantacomfortableretirement,butwealsowanttodrivethatdazzlingcar,goonthatdreamvacation,orgetthosegorgeousshoesSomepeoplearebetteratdelayinggratification(满足)thanothersThosepeoplehaveabetterchanceofaccumulatingwealthandkeepingahealthylifestyleTheyarelesslikelytobeimpulsebuyersorsmokers,ortoengageinunsafesexDChen'srecentfindingssuggestthatanunlikelyfactor,language,stronglyaffectsourfutureorientedbehaviorSomelanguagesstronglydistinguishthepresentandthefutureOtherlanguagesonlyweaklydistinguishthepresentandthefutureChen'srecentresearchsuggeststhatpeoplewhospeaklanguagesthatweaklydistinguishthepresentandthefuturearebetterpreparedforthefutureTheyaccumulatemorewealthandtheyarebetterabletomaintaintheirhealth精品文档ThewaythesepeopleconceptualizethefutureissimilartothewaytheyconceptualizethepresentAsaresult,thefuturedoesnotfeelverydistantanditiseasierforthemtoactinaccordancewiththeirfutureinterestSEDifferentlanguageshavedifferentwaysoftalkingaboutthefutureSomelanguages,suchasEnglish,Korean,andRussian,requiretheirspeakerstorefertothefutureexplicitly(明确地)EverytimeEnglishspeakerstallaboutthefuture,theyhavetousefuturemarkerssuchas"will"or"goingto"Inotherlanguages,suchasMandarin,Japanese,andGerman,futuremarkersarenotobligatory(强制性的)ThefutureisoftentalkedaboutsimilartothewaypresentistalkedaboutandthemeaningisunderstoodfromthecontextAMandarinspeakerwhoisgoingtogotoaseminarmightsay"Woqutingjiangzuo,"whichtranslatesto"Igolistenseminar"LanguagessuchasEnglishconstantlyremindtheirspeakersthatfutureeventsaredistantForspeakersoflanguagessuchasMandarinfuturefeelscloserAsaconsequence,resistingimmediateimpulsesandinvestingforthe精品文档futureiseasierforMandarinspeakersanalyzedindividualleveldatafromdevelopedanddevelopingcountriesThisdataincludespeople'seconomicdecisions,suchaswhethertheysavedanymoneylastyear,thelanguagestheyspeakathome,demographics(人口统计资料),andculturalfactorssuchas"savingisanimportantculturalvalueforme"Healsoanalyzedindividualleveldataonpeople'sretirementassets,smokingandexercisinghabits,andgeneralhealthinolderageLastly,heanalyzednationalleveldatathatinchidesnationalsavingsrates,countryGDPandGDPgrowthrates,countrydemographics,andproportionsofpeoplespeakingdifferentlanguagesGPeople'ssavingsratesareaffectedbyvariousfactorssuchastheirincome,educationlevel,age,religiousconnection,theircountries'legalsystems,andtheirculturalvaluesAfterthosefactorswereaccountedfor,theeffectoflanguageonpeople'ssavingsratesturnedouttobebigSpeakingalanguagethathasobligatoryfuturemarkers,suchasEnglish,makespeoplepercentlesslikelytosavemoneyforthe精品文档futureThiseffectisaslargeastheeffectofunemploymentBeingunemployeddecreasesthelikelihoodofsavingbyaboutpercentaswellHSimilaranalysesshowedthatspeakingalanguagethatdoesnothaveobligatoryfuturemarkers,suchasMandarin,makespeopleaccumulatemoreretirementassets,smokeless,exercisemore,andgenerallybehealthierinolderageCountries'nationalsavingsratesarealsoaffectedbylanguageHavingalargerproportionofpeoplespeakinglanguagesthatdoesnothaveobligatoryfuturemarkersmakesnationalsavingsrateshigheramorepracticallevel,researchershavebeenlookingforwaystohelppeopleactinaccordancewiththeirlongterminterestsRecent,findingssuggestthatmakingthefuturefeelclosertothepresentmightimprovefutureorientedbehaviorForinstance,researchersrecentlypresentedpeoplewithrenderingsoftheirfutureselvesmadeusingageprogressionalgorithms(算法)thatforecasthowphysicalappearanceswouldchangeovertimeOnegroupofparticipantssawadigitalrepresentationoftheir精品文档currentselvesinavirtualmirror,andtheothergroupsawanagemorphedversionoftheirfutureselvesThoseparticipantswhosawtheagemorphedversionoftheirfutureselvesallocatedmoremoneytowardahypotheticalsavingsaccountTheinterventionbroughtpeople'sfuturetothepresentandasaresulttheysavedmoreforthefuture'sresearchshowsthatlanguagestructuresourfuturerelatedthoughtsLanguagehasbeenusedbeforetoaltertimeperceptionwithsurprisingeffectsEllenLangerandcolleaguesfamouslyimprovedolderpeople'sphysicalhealthbysimpleinterventionsincludingaskingthemtotalkabouttheeventsoftwentyyearsagoasifittheywerehappeningnowTalkingaboutthepastasifitwerethepresentchangedpeople'smindsetsandtheirmindsetsaffectedtheirphysicalstatesChen'sresearchpointsatthepossibilitythatthewaywetalkaboutthefuturecanshapeourmindsetsLanguagecanmovethefuturebackandforthinourmentalspaceandthismighthavedramaticinfluencesonourjudgmentsanddecisions英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题选项Usually,精品文档preventingourselvesfromenjoyingimmediatepleasureimpulsivelyistheonlywaytoachievetheoutcomesthatareimportanttousThestructureoflanguagesinfluencesuswhenwearemakingajudgmentordecisionaboutthefutureSpeakingalanguagethathasobligatoryfuturemarkersandbeingunemployednearlysharethesamepercentageofdecreasingthelikelihoodofsavingAccordingtothewellknownmarshmallowstudies,peoplewhocanresisttemptationtendtobesuccessfulinthefuturePeoplewhospeaklanguageslikeEnglisharemorelikelytofeelthatthefutureeventsaredistantNationalsavingsratesofcountriesareinfluencedbylanguageaswellInChen'srecentresearch,peoplewhospeaklanguagesinwhichthepresentandthefutureareweaklydistinguishedaremorepreparedforthefutureRecentfindingsshowthatitispossibletoimprovefutureorientedbehaviorthroughmakingthefuturefeelclosertothepresentThroughsimpleinterventions,EllenLangerand精品文档colleaguesmadethephysicalhealthoftheolderpeoplechangedforthebetterChenmadeananalysisofindividuallevelstatisticsfromdevelopedanddevelopingnations英语四级长篇阅读专项练习题答案C解析:题干意为让自己不要冲动地贪图一时之乐通常是获得那些对我们来说非常重要的成果的唯一办法。注意抓住题干中的关键信息enjoyingimmediatepleasure、theonlyway和outcomesthatareimportanttous。文中论及克制冲动、推迟满足感的内容出现在C段该段首句提到我们要想获取一些对自己来说非常重要的成果抵制住眼前的一时痛快往往是唯一的办法。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为C。解析:题干意为语言结构会在我们做出一个关乎未来的判断或决定时对我们产生影响。注意抓住题干中的关键信息thestructureoflanguages、judgementordecision和thefurore。文中A段即提出本文论题:语言是否会决定我们未来的健康和财富该段接下来的内容则对此论题给予了肯定陈述该段末句提到语言结构会影响我们对未来的判断和决定而这可能会产生极其长远的影响。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为A。精品文档G解析:题干意为使用必须明确表明未来的语言和失业在降低人们为将来储蓄的可能性方面的作用近乎相同。注意抓住题干中的关键信息alanguagethathasobligatoryfuturemarkers、beingunemployed和decreasingthelikelihoodofsaving。文中论述语言和失业与个人储蓄率之间关系的内容出现在G段该段第三句和第四句提到使用像英语这种必须明确表明“未来”的语言使得人们为未来储蓄的可能性降低了三成这样一种影响跟失业的影响差不多。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为G。B解析:题干意为依据著名的棉花糖实验能够抵御诱惑的人趋向于在未来取得成功。注意抓住题干中的关键信息marshmallowstudies、resisttemptation和tobesuccessfulinthefuture。文章的段描述了著名的棉花糖实验该段第二句提到由WalterMischel和他的同事们一起进行的著名的“棉花糖实验”表明:能够抵御诱惑预示着未来的成功。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为B。解析:题干意为使用英语之类的语言的人很容易认为未来的事情很遥远。注意抓住题干中的关键信息精品文档languageslikeEnglish和thefutureeventsaredistant。文中涉及英语等不同语种对人感知未来远近产生影响的内容出现在E段该段倒数第三句提到诸如英语这样的语言会不断地提醒其使用者未来是很遥远的。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为E。解析:题干意为各个国家的国民储蓄率也受到语言的影响。注意抓住题干中的关键信息nationalsavingsratesofcountries和influencedbylanguage。文中第H段论述了语言对国民储蓄率的影响该段第二句提到语言同样也影响着一个国家的国民储蓄率。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为H。D解析:题干意为在Chen最近的研究中那些使用不明显区分现在和未来的语言的人能够更好地为将来做好准备。注意抓住题干中的关键信息Chen’srecentresearch、weaklydistinguished和morepreparedforthefuture。文章D段介绍了Chert的最新研究成果该段第四句提到使用不太区分现在和未来的语言的人对未来准备得更充分。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为D。解析:题干意为最近的研究发现通过让未来显得离精品文档现在更近也许可以改善人们针对未来的表现。注意抓住题干中的关键信息recentfindings、improvefutureorientedbehavior和feelcloser。文章的l段论述了科学家们试图寻找方法使人们更多地考虑长远利益。该段第二句提到近期的研究发现让未来显得离现在更近也许可以改善人们针对未来的行为表现。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为I。J解析:题干意为通过简单的干预EllenLanger和同事们让老年人的身体健康状况得到改善。注意抓住题干中的关键信息simpleinterventions、EllenLangerandcolleagues和physicalhealth。涉及通过简单干预改善老人身体健康的内容出现在J段该段第三句提到EllenLanger和她的同事们通过简单的干预极大地改善了老年人的身体健康。这些干预手段包括让他们谈论年前的事情就像那些事情现在正在发生一样。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为J。解析:题干意为Chen对来自个发达国家和发展中国家的个人层面的数据进行了分析。注意抓住题干中的关键信息analysisofindividuallevelstatistics和developedanddevelopingnations。文中涉及Chen所分精品文档析的数据的内容出现在F段该段首句提到Chen分析了来自个发达国家和发展中国家的个人层面的数据。由此可见题干是对原文的同义转述故答案为F。

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