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首页 高中一般现在时练习题及答案

高中一般现在时练习题及答案.doc

高中一般现在时练习题及答案

胡欣琴
2017-09-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高中一般现在时练习题及答案doc》,可适用于活动策划领域

高中一般现在时练习题及答案精品文档高中一般现在时练习题及答案一(定义:一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作的时态二(形式:主语动词原形动词的单数形式一般现在时用行为动词的原形但第三人称单数作主语时动词的词尾要加S。一般的动词词尾S。以shchsxo结尾的词es。以辅音字母y结尾的把y变成ies。三(用法:表示经常的或习惯性的动作常与表示频度的时间状语连用。时间状语:always,usually,regularly,everymorningnighteveningdayweek,often,rarely,sometimes,hardly,occasionally,fromtimetotime,twiceaweek,seldom,onceamonth,ever,neverExample:Heisalwayslateforschool:表示主语具备的性格、能力、身份、特性、喜好天气等。Examples:IstudyinamiddleschoolAnnWangwritesgoodEnglishbutdoesnotspeak精品文档wellHelikesfootballThisfruittastesgoodItissunny表示自然规律。Examples:Theearthmovesaroundthesun格言或警句中。Example:Pridegoesbeforeafall骄者必败。表示按规定、计划或时间表将要发生的事。)适用于下列动词:come,go,arrive,leave,start,begin,return的一般现在时表将来。这主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。ThetrainleavesatsixtomorrowmorningWhendoesthebusstarItstarsintenminutes)在倒装句中表示动作正在进行如:Theregoesthebell=ThebellisringingHerecomesthebus=Thebusiscoming)在时间或条件从句中WhenBillcomes,askhimtowaitformeI’llwritetoyouassoonasIarrivethereThefatheraswellaschildreneverySundayafternooninwinter精品文档AisgoingBgoCgoesDaregoingSendmyregardstoyourlovelywifewhenyouhomeAwroteBwillwriteChavewrittenDwriteDoyouhaveanyproblemsifyouthisjobWell,I’mthinkingaboutthesalary„AofferBwillofferCareofferedDwillbeofferedIthinkitisnecessaryformyyearoldsontohavehisownmobilephone,forIsometimeswanttomakesureifhehomefordinnerAcomeBcomesChascomeDwillcomeAccordingtothetimetable,thetrainforShanghaiato’clockintheeveningAleavesBhasleftCwasleftDwillleaveLookatthetimetableHurryup!Flightoffat:AtakesBtookCwillbetakenDhastakenGalileocollectedfactsthatprovedtheeartharoundthesun精品文档AmovedBmovesChasmovedDhadmovedCanIhelpyou,sirYes,Iboughtthisradioyesterday,butitAdidn’tworkBwon’tworkCcan’tworkDdoesn’tworkThismachineIthasn’tworkedforyearsAdidn’tworkBwasn’tworkingCdoesn’tworkDisn’tworkingThehousebelongstomyauntbutshehereanymoreAhasn’tlivedBdidn’tliveChadn’tlivedDdoesn’tliveAarehavingBhaveChavehadDhadhadBarbaraiseasytorecognizeasshe’stheonlyoneofthewomenwhoeveningdressAwearBwearsChaswornDhavewornThepalacecaughtfirethreetimesinthelastcentury,andlittleoftheoriginalbuildingnowAremainsBisremainedCisremainingDhasbeenremained精品文档ThewetweatherwillcontinuetomorrowwhenacoldfronttoarriveAisexpectedBisexpectingCexpectsDwillbeexpectedHaveyouseenmyemailaboutourTESL,projectYesLuckily,IcheckedmyemailsyesterdayNormally,ImyemailboxfordaysA(haven’topenedB(didn’topenC(hadn’topenedD(don’topenHewillcometoseeyouthemomenthehisworkAwillfinishBfinishesCwouldfinishDhadfinishedIftheirmarketingplanssucceedtheytheirsalesbypercentAwillincreaseBhavebeenincreasingChaveincreasedDwouldbeincreasingShallIcallatyourhouseatseveno’clocktomorroweveningIawalkintheparkSoyouwon’tfindmeathomethen精品文档AshallbetakingBshalltakeCwilltakeDamtakingLet’sdiscussthequestionraisedlastnight,shallweThereisnohurryforthatIforaconferenceAheadedBwasheadingCamheadingDhaveheadedOnceeducationismadefreemanychildrenwhohavedroppedoutofschoolAwillcomebackBcamebackChavecomebackDhadcomebackRingmeatsixtomorrowmorning,willyouWhythatearlyIAwillbesleepingBhavesleptChavebeensleepingDwillsleepIsTomstillsmokingNoBynextSaturdayheforawholemonthwithoutsmokingasinglecigaretteAwillgoBwillhavegoneCgoesDhasbeengoingLookattheseblackcloudsIt精品文档soonSureIfonlyweoutAisraining,didn’tcomeBistorain,won’tstartCwillrain,haven’tstartedDisgoingtorain,hadn’tcomeMymoneyI’dbettergotothebanktodrawsomeincaseInoneinhandAhasrunoutwillhaveBisrunningouthaveChasbeenrunoutofwillhaveDisrunningoutofhaveSorry,ItobuythebookyouneedforyouNeverminditmyselfafterschoolAforgetI’dratherbuyBforgotI’llbuyCforgotI’mgoingtobuyDforgetI’dbetterbuyLadiesandgentlemen,pleasefastenyourseatbeltsTheplaneAtakesoffBistakingoffChastakenoffDtookoffBythetimeyouarriveinLondonweinEuropefortwoweeks(精品文档A(shallstayB(havestayedC(willhavestayedD(havebeenstayingWhynotcomeoverattheweekendThechildrenseeingyouagain(A(enjoyedB(willenjoyC(wouldenjoyD(haveenjoyedWeshouldgettogethernextweekSoundslikeaplan!IyouacallAwillgiveBwouldgiveChavegivenDgiveIpingpongquitewell,butIhaven’thadtimetoplaysincethenewyearAwillplayBhaveplayedCplayedDplayleaveattheendofthismonthIdon’tthinkyoushoulddothatuntilanotherjobAIwillyou’vefoundBI’mgoingtoyou’vefoundCIwillyou’dfindDI’mgoingtoyou’dfindHowcanIapplyforanonlinecourse,Justfilloutthisformandwewhatwecandoforyou精品文档AseeBareseeingChaveseenDwillseeWhatareyougoingtodothisafternoonIamgoingtothecinemawithsomefriendsThefilmquiteearly,sowetothebookstoreafterthatAfinishedaregoingBfinishedgoCfinishesaregoingDfinishesgoIfeelitisyourhusbandwhoforthespoiledchildAistoblameBisgoingtoblameCistobeblamedDshouldblameRemembertosendmeaphotoofusnexttimeyoutomeAarewritingBwillwriteChaswrittenDwriteBecausetheshop,alltheTshirtaresoldathalfpriceAhascloseddownBcloseddownCisclosingdownDhadcloseddownDoIhavetotakethismedicineItsoterribleAtastesBistastingCistastedDhas精品文档tastedWouldyouliketotellmewhatourteachersaidjustnowShesaidthatlightfasterthansoundAtravelsBtraveledCwouldtravelDwastravelingThereadolphinshowinthezootomorroweveningAwasBisgoingtohaveCwillhaveDisgoingtobeCDCDAABDCDBBAADBAACAABDBBBCBADBDCADCAAD现在进行时现在进行时的构成现在进行时由”beving”构成。be应为助动词初学者最容易漏掉它应与主语的人称和数保持一致。现在进行时的应用:在实际运用时现在进行时常用以下几种情况:当句子中有Theyareplayingbasketballnow现在他们正在打篮球。精品文档以开头的句子提示我们动作正进行这时要用现在进行时。如:Listen~SheissinginganEnglishsong听她正在唱英语歌。表示当前一段时间或现阶段正在进行的动作且此时有用现在进行时。如:Wearemakingmodelplanesthesedays这些天我们在做飞机模型。描述图片中的人物的动作也为了表达更生动。此时也常用现在进行时。如:LookatthepictureThechildrenareflyingkitesinthepark看这幅图那些孩子正在公园放风筝。现在进行时的变化肯定句式:主语be现在分词其它否定句式:主语benot现在分词其它一般疑问句:Be主语现在分词其它,特殊疑问句:疑问词be主语现在分词其它,对现在进行时的特殊疑问句的回答它不可以用Yes或No直接作答要根据实际情况回答。a表示现在正在发生的事情。Wearewaitingforyoub习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作说话时精品文档动作未必正在进行。MrGreeniswritinganothernovelSheislearningpianounderMrSmithcget,grow,become,turn,run,go,begin等。TheleavesareturningredIt’sgettingwarmerandwarmerd与always,constantly,forever的主观色彩。Youarealwayschangingyourmind典型例题Mydictionary,IhavelookedforiteverywherebutstillitAhaslost,don’tfindBismissing,don’tfindChaslost,haven’tfoundDismissing,haven’tfound答案D前句是一个仍在持续的状态应用进行时由于没有找到其影响仍然存在应用完成时瞬间动词用于否定式时可用于完成时。e(现在进行时有时可以用来表示赞叹或厌烦的感情例如:Heisalwayscausingtrouble他总是惹麻烦ThePresentContinuousTense现在进行时现在进行时最容易出现错误的地方在动词的现在分词形式我们在复习的时候要特别注意不规则动词的变化形精品文档式。例如:swimmingbeginningputtingtakingbuying,taking是take的ing形式,以e结尾要去e加ing动词现在分词动词现在分词由动词原形在词尾加ing构成其规则如下:一般情况下直接加thinkthinkingsleepsleepingstudystudyingspeakspeaking以不发音的字母e结尾的单词去掉字母e再加ingwakewakingmakemakingcomecomingtaketakingleaveleavinghavehaving以ie结尾的动词把ie改为y再加ingdiedyinglielying以重读闭音节结尾呈现“辅元辅”结构的动词先双写末尾的辅音字母再加ingstopstoppingsitsittingrunrunningforgetforgettingbeginbeginning注:以重读闭音节结尾呈现“辅元辅”结构的动词先双写末尾的辅音字母再加ing。初中学过的这类词有:begincut,get,hit,run,set,sit,spit,精品文档stop,swim,beg,drop,fit,nod,dig,forget,regret,rid,等。travel虽然重读第一音节词尾音节不重读但是现在分词仍要双写末尾辅音字母然后再加ing如:traveltravelling初中阶段此类词只有这一个。二(现在进行时练习一(写出下列动词的现在分词standswimplaywatchskaterunsleepjumpwalkridecleanmakewashdogolistenplaycomesinghavewritedancesitread二(用括号中动词的适当形式填空:MyparentsTVnowLookThreeboys精品文档WhatyourmothernowyourdognowyoutomusicYes,IamLook,MissChenfootballTomandhissisterforyouoverthereNowClassandClassatestListen,someoneintheclassroom一般现在时的用法及练习题定义:一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性的动作的时态。构成:一般现在时用行为动词的原形但第三人称单数作主语时动词的词尾要加S。下列动词:come,go,arrive,leave,start,begin,return,live,fly的一般现在时表将来。这主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。ThetrainleavesatsixtomorrowmorningWhendoesthebusstartItstartsintenminutes)倒装句表示动作正在进行如:精品文档Herecomesthebus=ThebusiscomingTheregoesthebell=Thebellisringing)在时间或条件句中。WhenBillcomes,askhimtowaitformeI’llwritetoyouassoonasIarrivethere)在动词hope,takecarethat,makesurethat等后。IhopetheyhaveanicetimenextweekMakesurethatthewindowsareclosedbeforeyouleavetheroom基本形式:主动态:do被动态:bedone过去时:did第三人称单数形式:does第三人称单数问题一般现在时中当主语是第三人称单数时即常在动词原形后加s或es。第三人称单数变化现归纳总结如下:人称代词he,she,it是第三人称单数。如:HelikeswatchingTV他喜欢看电视。Shehaslunchattwelve她十二点吃午餐。Itlookslikeacat它看起来像只猫。精品文档单个人名、地名或称呼作主语用第三人称单数。如:HanMeilookslikehermother韩梅看起来像她的母亲。BeijingisinChina北京在中国。UncleWangoftenmakescakes王叔叔经常做蛋糕。单数可数名词或”thisthatthea单数可数名词”作主语时是第三人称单数。如:Ahorseisausefulanimal马是有用的动物。Thisbookisyours这本书是你的。Thatcarisred那辆小汽车是红色的。ThecatisLucy’s这只猫是露茜的。不定代词someone,somebody,nobody,everything,something等及指示代词this,that作主语时第三人称单数。Everyoneishere大家到齐了。Thereissomethingwrongwiththewatch这块手表有毛病。Thisisapen这是一支钢笔。Thatisaneraser那是一块橡皮擦。不可数名词作主语时为第三人称单数。如:ThemilkisintheglassThebreadisverysmall精品文档当数字或字母作主语时看作第三人称单数。如:””isaluckynumber”””I”isaletter发音规则动词原形变第三人称单数的规则与发音规律同名词单数变复数大致相同请认真观察。、大多数动词在词尾加“S”在清辅音后发音为s在浊辅音及元音后发音为z。如:stop,stopssmake,makessread,readszplay,playsz、以辅音字母加“y”结尾的要先将“y”变为“i”然后在加“es”读iz如:fly,flieszcarry,carrieszstudy,studieszworry,worries、以“s,x,ch,sh”结尾的在词尾加“es”发音为iz如:teach,teachesizwatch,watchesiz、以“o”结尾的动词加“es”读z如:go,goeszdo,doesz注:下面几个动词变为单数时原词的元音部分的发音发生了较大的变化请注意记忆。如:、dodu:,doesdz、saysei,sayssez精品文档以不发音字母“e”结尾的开音节词如果尾音是sz时加“s”后字母“e”发音与所加“s”一起读做iz。如:close,closesiz作业I写出第三人称单数:washmatchguessstudyfinishgosnowcarryII用所给动词的适当形式填空:HeTVeveryeveningWealwaystoschoolonfootTom,withhisclassmates,oftenfootballafterschoolYourshoesunderthebedhereandbymeHisuncleusuallytoworkbybusIalwaysupatsixinthemorningJohnlikehisfatherIII完成句子根据所给中文意思在空白处填入适当词语完成句子。每空一词请直接在答题纸上完成不要在此页上作答。精品文档(该吃晚饭了。it’stimeto(你想来点儿面包吗wouldyousome(安娜太小还不能上学。annisyounggotoschool(约翰跑得和我一样快。johnrunsfastme(布莱克太太经常在英语上帮助我们。mrsblackoftenusourenglish(老师让我们每天说英语。theteachertellsusenglisheveryday(为什么不让孩子们做他们喜欢的事情letthechildrendowhattheylikeKey:二、watchesgoplaysarecome,standgoesget,gotlooks三、it’stimetohavesupperwouldyoulike精品文档somebreadannistooyoungtogotoschooljohnrunsasfastasmemrsblackoftenhelpsuswithourenglishtheteachertellsustospeakenglisheverydaywhynotletthechildrendowhattheylike一般现在时态一、一般现在时的用法:、表示经常或者反复发生的动作如:我每天吃午饭Ihaveluncheveryday、还表示现在存在的一种状态如:我姐姐是一位老师(Mysisterisateacher、客观真理客观存在科学事实。例如:Theearthmovesaroundthesun地球绕着太阳转。二、一般现在时态经常与oftensometimesalwaysusually等频率词连用也经常与everyday,everyweek,everymonth,everyterm,everyyear,onceaweektwiceayear等表示时间的词连用。三、第三人称单数问题一般现在时中当主语是第三人称单数时即常在动词原形后加s或es。精品文档四、一般现在时分类:,(一般现在时态分为be动词的一般现在时。)be动词包括amisare中文为”是”这三个词的用法要随着主语的变化而变化。“am”用于第一人称单数“is”用于第三人称单数“are“用于第一人称复数第二人称单数和复数,第三人称复数。可以记住以下顺口溜:am管“我”is管”她它他”are管”大家”。一般疑问句和否定句:把be动词”amisare”放在句首,回答时也要使用be动词变为否定句时,把表示否定的not放在“amisare”的后面,其中可以简写为:isnotisn’tarenotaren’tamnot没有简写形式。注意:如果arenot,isnot放在句尾时不能使用简写必须写出整个单词。AmIateacherYes,IamAreyouhisfriendYes,youareIssheanurseYes,sheis否定句为:IamnotateacherYouarenothisfriendSheisnotanurse)实义动词的一般现在时如果句子的动词不是be动词“amisare”而是其他实义动词,疑问句和否定句要借助于助动词”do”或者“does”也就是说be动词和实义动词原形不能同时使用。这里的“do””does”本精品文档身没有什么意义只是帮助构成疑问句和否定句一般疑问句读时必须用降调”do”和“does”的使用要随着人称的变化而变化。请看下面两组句子注意区分他们的共同点和不同点。IgotoschooleverydayIdon’tgotoschooleverydayHegoestoschooleverydayHedoesn’tgotoschooleverydayDoyougotoschooleverydayDoeshegotoschooleverydayYes,IdoYes,hedoes当主语是第三人称单数时肯定句为:主语动词的s形式宾语否定句为:主语助动词doesn’t动词原形宾语疑问句为:Does主语动词原形宾语肯定回答和否定回答也要使用助动词does注:)第三人称单数用了does后面就不用动词的s形式了,而用动词原形)变为疑问句,要在句首加”do”变为否定句,要在动词前面加”donot”,可以简写为“don’t”课堂练习一、把下列句子改成一般疑问句并做肯定、否定回答。(Iusuallygetupatsixo’clock。精品文档Yes,No,WeusuallywriteemailstoeachotheronSaturdayeveningTheyhavethesamehobbySuhaiandSuyanglikelisteningtomusicafterschoolHelenusuallywatchesTVintheevening二、用词的适当形式填空。WhattimehisfathertheworkHeupatfiveo’clock初中一年级学案中考英语一般现在时专项练习题及答案Sheisalwaysagoodstudent第一部分按照要求改写句子LiMingwatchesTVeveryevening精品文档IdomyhomeworkeverydayShelikesmilkAmy’smotherlikesplayingcomputergamesWegotoschooleverymorningHespeaksEnglishverywell对划线部分提问))SimonandDaniellikegoingskatingDoyouoftenplayfootballafterschoolIhavemanybooksGaoShan’ssisterlikesplayingtabletennisShelivesinasmalltownnearNewYorkIwatchTVeveryday精品文档DavidhasgotagoalWehavefourlessonsNancydoesn’trunfastMydogrunsfast否定句:一般疑问句:Mikehastwolettersforhim一般疑问句:否定句:否定句:一般疑问句:划线提问否定句:一般疑问句:划线提问:Mingming否定句:一般疑问句:划线提问否定句:一般疑问句:划线提问最佳答案LiMingdoesn’twatchTVeveryeveningDoyoudoyourhomeworkeverydayNo,Idon’tDoesshelikemilkYes,shedoes精品文档DoesAmy’motherlikeplayingcomputergamesNo,shedoesn’tWedon’tgotoschooleverymorningHedoesn’tspeakEnglishverywellWhatdoyoulikedoingintheparkJohncomesfromCanadaWheredoesJohncomefromIsshealwaysagoodstudentNo,sheisn’tSimonandDanieldon’tlikegoingskatingYes,IdoIdon’thavemanybooksGaoShan’ssisterdoesn’tlikeplayingtabletennisDoessheliveinasmalltownnearNewYorkDoyouwatchTVeverydayHasDavidgotagoalWedon’thavefourlessonsNancyrunsfastMydogdoesn’trunfastDoesyourdogrunfastDoesMikehavetwolettersforhimMikedoesn’thavetwolettersforhimIdon’tusuallyplayfootballonFridayafternoonDoyouusuallyplayfootballonFridayafternoonWhatdoyouusuallydoonFridayafternoon精品文档SunYangdoesn’tusuallywashanyclothesonSaturdayDoesSunYangusuallywashanyclothesonSaturdayWhatdoesSunYangusuallydoonSaturdayMingmingdoesn’tusuallywatertheflowerseverydayDoesMingmingusuallywatertheflowerseverydayWhatdoesMingmingusuallydoeverydayTomdoesn’tdohishomeworkathomeDoesTomdohishomeworkathomeWhatdoesTomdoathome专项练习:一、单选JennyinanofficeHerparentsinahospitalAworkworksBworksworkCworkareworkingDisworkingworkOneoftheboysablackhatAhaveBthereisCthereareDhasWewillgoshoppingifittomorrowAdon’trainBdidn’trainCdoesn’trainDisn’trainHesaidthesunintheeastandinthewestArosesetBrisessetsCrises,setDrisesetsWangMeimusicandoftentomusicAlikelistenBlikeslistensClikearelisteningDlikinglisten精品文档JennyEnglisheveryeveningAhasstudyBstudiesCstudyDstudied答案:BDCBBB二、填空IcantakeLiMingtherewhenhecomestovisitDoesyoursisterknowEnglishHerhomeisawayfromherschoolThepotdoesn’tlooklikeyoursverymuchWheredoyouhaveluncheverydayWhowantstogoswimmingDoesshedothehouseworkeverydayJennyandDannyusuallyplaygamesintheafternoon答案:comesDoesknowisawayfromdoesn’tlookdohavewantsdoesdoplay二、单三人称形式易出错例:HeplaiesfootballverywellDannygostoschoolat:答案:playsgoes解析:以辅音字母加y结尾的动词变单三人称形式才能把y换成i再加es与名词变复数不同变单三人称形式以o结尾的词要加es三、在句式变换时易出错例:DoesJennyhasagoodfriendBriandoesn’tlivesinChina答案:Doeshavedoesn’tlive精品文档解析:单三人称做主语的一般现在时做句式变化时可记住如下口诀:“见助动用原形”。此口诀也可推广用于一般过去时态中。egHedidn’tgohomeyesterday四、对do的理解易出错例:Wedon’tourhomeworkintheafternoon答案:don’tdo解析:do是一个比较难理解的词它有三个含义:a)是所有行为动词的总称b)是助动词无实义c)是一个具体的行为动词“做干”。此句中给出的do指“做干”not指把此句变为否定句故须在do前加助动词don’t。五、对主语的数判断有误例:LiMingwithmeareinBeijing答案:is解析:表面一看是“我和李明两个人在北京”但with在此做伴随状语不能做主语故用is另外宾语从句中从句部分若是表示客观真理不管主句是何时态从句都要用一般现在时在时间和条件状语从句中主句表将来从句要用一般现在时。年月号

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