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首页 最新生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法.doc

最新生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法.doc

最新生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法.doc

上传者: 黄谦朋 2017-10-16 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《最新生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法doc》,可适用于综合领域,主题内容包含最新生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法(一)免蒸煮生料酿酒技术(新方法)技术越先进工艺和操作越简单生产出来的产品之间的差异越小可以说这符等。

最新生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法生料酿酒工艺及其操作方法(一)免蒸煮生料酿酒技术(新方法)技术越先进工艺和操作越简单生产出来的产品之间的差异越小可以说这是衡量一项生产技术是否先进的标准。一、试验前的准备工作、阅读生料酿酒有关资料以便将生料酿酒的操作规程熟悉于胸中了解和掌握影响发酵的各种因素并准备在实践中应用。、准备好原料和各种应用工具工具用具用前应清洗、消毒、发酵用水要符合饮用水卫生标准。水质越好酒的质量越好。工具用具的名称和数目如下:()发酵容器一个容积为千毫升缸、坛、罐、铝锅都可最好能用玻璃瓶以便能清楚观察到原料在发酵过程中的各种变化。()煤炉或电炉一个用作蒸馏。()千毫升烧瓶一个用作蒸馏用。()玻璃管二根各长约一米水桶一个酒精表、各一支塑料簿膜一块绳索一根量杯一、二个。二、试验开始按下列顺序操作、原料克除大米以外均要打碎过目筛孔称量后放入发酵容器内。、称曲种克加入发酵容器内。、加入发酵容器冷水毫升。、用木竹棒或其他工具搅拌充分若是用玻璃瓶作发酵容器不用搅拌可用手摇晃玻璃瓶即可。、加盖。投料完并搅拌后发酵容器应加盖如盖不能密封者要用塑料膜盖上并用绳索拴牢以防漏气。三、发酵期中的管理室温(发酵温度)应在度以上最佳发酵温度为度温度在度天左右即能全部发酵完毕温度在度左右时六七天即全都发酵完毕温度在度时要多天才能全部发酵完毕温度在度以下时很难发酵。发酵的关键是温度因此要随时掌握和了解温度的变化情况最好随时保证sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof发酵处于最佳温度度如温度降到度以下时即应采取保温措施例如将发酵容器用火烤用太阳光晒等。切记不能听之任之。、搅拌发酵开始后每天要搅拌一次目的是使所有原料都能得到均匀的充争发酵使所有淀粉糖分都能全都发酵成为酒精不搅拌就不能使原料得到完全彻底发酵从而影响到出酒率。、空气酒精是采用厌氧发酵大量空气进入会使发酵感染菌而变酸因此要随时检查因此要随时检查发酵池盖是否漏气,塑料薄膜破损没有栓紧而漏气等等。、随时观察原料发酵过程中的变化情况。整个发酵过程分为四个阶段即:发酵开始发酵旺盛发酵衰退发酵完毕。原料在发酵四个阶段都有不同的物理和生化变化观察和掌握好这些不同变化即能掌握发酵好坏的整个过程。现将原料在发酵中的物理变化以文字说明。()发酵开始发酵末开始时原料和水(总称为发酵醪)处于静止状态没有动静如死水一般醪液也是清彻透明的。发酵开始后醪液面有小泡但数量不多。)发酵旺盛。液面小泡变大泡而且数量很多发酵醪在翻滚好似水开沸腾二氧化碳强烈旺盛冲鼻发酵醪液由清变为浑浊有酒香味。()发酵衰退。泡沫减弱二氧化碳味减弱最大特点是原料由发酵容器底浮在液面其数量约有总量的()发酵完毕。漂浮于液面的原料又沉入下去发酵液由浑浊变清整个发酵醪又处于静止状态这证明已经彻底发酵完毕这种现象就叫作发酵完毕的标志。、检查发酵酵醪液的酒精含量。发酵完毕后应检查醪液的酒精含量多少以确定本次发酵情况的好坏以便找出原因供下次调整和改进小试时量少也可不检查。、检查发酵醪酒精含量的方法是:取发酵醪毫升冷水毫升共毫升放入玻璃蒸馏瓶内用电炉和玻璃冷凝器蒸馏出毫升来然后插入酒精表(度)和温度表读酒精表和温度表的刻度并记下然后换算酒精度酒精度与温度的换算可采用简单换算法:即温度表以度为标准每高于度每度酒度每低于度者每度酒度。例如:蒸馏出来的毫升发酵醪液酒度为度温度为度者换算即sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof为:()==度就是本次发酵醪液的酒精含量为度。生料发酵粮水比为:者其发酵醪液酒精含量要度以上基本说明发酵正常当然酒精含量越高越好有的厂家曾达到度但如果发酵醪的酒精含量低于度者即说明发酵不好有问题要查找原因并加以克服和改进。影响发酵不好醪液酒精含量低的原因大约有这么几个:曲种质量、温度、搅拌容器漏气发酵时间不够等等。到底是何原因必须查找弄清楚后再进行第二次试验。、蒸馏当从发酵时的物理变化标志着已发酵完毕时检查醪液在含酒精度度以上者即可进行蒸馏。蒸馏的程度和方法如下:、将连渣带汁的发酵醪液全部倒入蒸馏瓶内放在电炉上也可将渣汁过滤后分别蒸馏。、用塑料管连接烧杯和玻璃冷凝器用另一根塑料管连接冷却水和玻璃凝器。、上述工具和工作准备好后即可将电炉通电。开水冷即蒸馏冷凝管。、在玻璃冷凝器下放一个毫升的量杯准备接酒。开始滚出的酒头另装最后流出的也另装。、当电炉温度升高发酵醪液变为蒸气通过玻璃冷凝器冷却变为液体滚入量杯者为酒。、要注意接酒的数量如上面例举的是一千克原料那么接酒时先接毫升测量如酒度高者仍可再接要多次接千记不要一千克原料接毫升酒接酒的多数以百分比计算如原料出酒率为就接毫升是就接毫升、接完酒后将所有接得的酒加在一起搅拌使不同的酒度混合均匀然后插入酒精表和温度表测量换算出酒率是多少。如出酒率不理想就要查找原因。通常出酒率不高不理想者有如下几个原因:()曲种质量不好。()酒在蒸馏瓶内没有蒸完或者酒尾没有遗尽。()蒸酒时抛酒浪费大损失多。()原料没有彻底发酵如未很好搅拌或原料颗sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof过大。()发酵时不正常如温度高、如不密封漏气感染杂菌、酸度过高。()发酵时间不够原料尚未发酵完毕即开始蒸馏等等。、原因找出后再作第二次试验最好每次小试时能同时作几个试验这样就有对比也能找出原因和各试样之间的差距。许多人不成功就是因为随便作一次试验试验结果一不理想就匆忙下结论根本不去查什么原因也不想总结经验继续试验这样的人想学到一点东西是很困难的。、这里还要强调一点就是从试验开始到结束都要做好记录便于查找原因总结经验。如每次的投料日期配料比、入泡温度。发酵期间现察情况(如那天开始发酵每天的温度、气味、酒味如何等等)发酵天数蒸馏日期出酒多少有何问题是何原因有什么经验教训下次试验应注意什么问题等等都要作好记录如果真心诚意要学技术的话就必须如此这就是平常所说的科学是老老实实的东西来不得半点虚假就是如此。四、评论总结如上所述每次试验过程都应作好详细记录试验完毕后要坐下来评论总结。评论总结的内容有二项:一是品尝酒质蒸馏出来的酒味如何,香味是否丰清、协调,闻香、含香、留香如何,有无邪杂味,是何邪杂味,怎样产生的等等应作全面的分析、探讨便于在下次试验时发扬优点克服缺点防止其他问题的产生。当然有条件的厂家最好能将蒸馏出来的酒送色谱分析检查醇酯醛等等之含量和比例。二是总结评论出酒率和酒度。如果出酒率不高不要以为就是失败因为有许多因素都能导致出酒率不高如上面例举的那些因素其中任何一个因素出现都能使出酒率下降所以就要找原因在下次试验严格的掌握和控制这些因素。如此这样反复作几次试验即很快熟悉各项操作事项和应该注意的问题生料良酒的全部工艺和关键环节了如指掌即使进入规模生产也只不过如此。规模生产(可根据实际情况定规模)与小试基本是一样的不同之处是原料的数量多了因此要考虑用什么容器作发酵用什么蒸馏设备的问题,当然设备要因地制宜有什么如有酒精蒸馏设备就用蒸馏塔蒸馏如有蒸馏釜设备就用蒸馏釜蒸馏如有瓶桶设备就用瓶桶蒸馏。sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof但是不同的蒸馏设备有不同的要求不同的蒸馏技术关于如何蒸馏采用老法酿酒蒸馏设备和方法就可以了。(二)生料的发酵与蒸馏(规模生产方法)生料酿酒的工艺流程实际上就是发酵、蒸馏这两道工艺。掌握好这两道工艺也就掌握了整个生料酿酒的全部工艺生料酿酒就能取得决定性的成功。生料发酵与传统的固态发酵有根本的区别与酒精发酵和液态白酒的发酵基本相同生料发酵的特点大致如下:、生料即使浸泡在水里也不会糊化。不会像熟料那样粘稠呈半流动状态所以用水量减少。、发酵初期醪液浓度比较小原料补糖化后所生成的可发酵性糖立即被酵母发酵成为酒精因此没有多余的残糖。、生料发酵停止后糖化仍在进行还原糖和氨基酸仍在大量增加。所以要适当延长一些发酵时间以便于进一步的酯化和呈香呈味以得以较为完美的口感。、发酵完毕以后醪液又由浑浊变清整个发酵醪液分为上下两层酒精糖沉于底层更便于分离醪液的渣和汁。第一节发酵工艺和操作方法一、做好发酵前的准备工作如发酵容器、工具用具的清洗杀菌消毒原料的破碎、称量、曲种和其香料的称量准备发酵用水的净化处理以及发酵容器所需的盖、塑料薄膜、绳索的准备和清洗还有发酵场的清洁卫生和环境卫生等等。二、配料、投料配料、投料按下述顺序进行:原料破碎(大米不用破碎)、称量后投入发酵容器、按原料总量加入生料曲种(即每公斤原料加入克生料曲种)、按原料加入三倍的冷水(粮食:水:曲种=::)。三、搅拌、加盖按上述配料将原料、冷水、曲种加入发酵容器后即进行充分搅拌。四、加强发酵期间的管理、控制。、做好各种原始记录。sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof、掌握和控制好发酵温度。发酵成功与失败的关键除了曲种外就是温度的掌握和控制了。生料发酵的最佳温度为度以下基本上停止发酵。因此要严格掌握和控制温度最好能把温度调到最佳发酵温度度的范围内。、采用密封、厌氧发酵。发酵容器应加盖用塑料薄膜盖上并有绳索拴牢使之不透空气。、定期搅拌。从发酵开始(即发酵醪液开始冒小气泡之时开始)每天或至少两天要搅拌一次。、观察发酵醪液的物理变化。如下表:原料在发酵过程中的物理变化检测项目发酵开始发酵旺盛发酵衰退发酵完毕眼看液面布满小气泡小气泡增大原料上下牵动翻腾如水沸状原料漂浮面气泡减速少少数原料仍在上下翻动液面原料又沉入泡底醪液由浑浊变清整个发酵醪处于静止状态耳听有小气泡爆裂声有似蚕吃桑叶之喳喳声声音减弱无声鼻闻有微弱二氧化碳味辛辣冲鼻熏眼有酒精味和酒香味有酒香味仍辛辣冲鼻熏眼香味柔和辛辣冲鼻熏眼减弱口尝酸甜适口或无味甜味弱酸味增加有酒香味酸为主无甜味有酒香及酒精刺舌感米干水味测量醪温高于室温度高于室温度温度下降与室温基本相同检测浓度度度度度以下、发酵完毕的标态。发酵要完全、彻底后才能达去蒸馏。如果发酵不完全、彻底就达去蒸馏那么出酒率就受到影响而且酒质也受到影响。那么什么是发酵完全、彻底的标志呢,从上表即可清楚看出原料发酵完毕后漂浮液面的原料又沉入地底发酵醪液由浑浊变清、整个发酵醪液处于静止状态。这就是发酵完毕的标志这时即可送去蒸馏了。但是要注意只有上述三个条件都同时具备时才以证明已发酵完毕才能送去蒸馏如果三个条件中一个条件不具备也证明没有完全发酵完毕因此也不能送去蒸馏。sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof例如:漂浮液面的原料已沉下池底了整个发酵醪液已处于静止状态了但醪液仍然浑浊没有变清这说明糖化酸化还在进行如这时送去蒸馏即会影响酒质和出酒率。因此一定要等到醪液帅浑变清这个条件成熟但是变“清”到什么程度呢,清不是要求透明清亮与投料时差不多大体上比浑浊而言如理解错误硬要等到发酵醪变得清彻透明才送去蒸馏又会因升酸而影响了出酒率。第二节影响发酵的因素一、原料粒度的大小。原料粒度小有利于淀粉颗粒的吸水增加与曲种的接触面为糖化发酵创造了有利条件。原料颗粒大糖化不透曲种作用不彻底将许多可以利用的淀粉残留在酒糟内造成发酵不彻底出酒率低。二、氢离子浓度(ph值)生料发酵的ph值在时为好如高于或低于这个ph值都应该调整到这范围。三、空气。生料酿酒要求在厌氧、密封发酵。所以在发酵过程中要随时检查发酵容易是否漏气。四、温度温度对微生物的生长、繁殖有重大的影响。生料发酵的最佳发酵温度是度。因此要尽量采用这个最佳发酵温度。五、搅拌搅拌的目的是为了使所有原料所有淀粉或糖质都能得到充分、均匀的、彻底发酵。第三节发酵设备发酵设备就是发酵容器发酵设备的多少大小以生产规模决定。一、大桶。木桶的容量可大可小可根据生产规模制作。一般可做到容量达吨之间桶的形状为上口小、下口大。二、陶瓷缸。陶瓷缸有大有小是专门瓷厂生产。陶瓷缸能耐酸、耐碱、耐腐蚀是发酵设备中最理想的容器。三、金属桶较为理想的金属桶为搪瓷桶但缺点是易掉瓷。四、不锈钢发酵缸不锈钢发酵罐耐腐蚀性强有的装有连续搅拌器使原料与曲种能充分混合发酵效果好。五、蒸馏技术和蒸馏设备。蒸馏技术和蒸馏设备也是影响出酒率的原因之一。生料酿酒存在“接酒技术”和“用火用汽技术”sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof目前国内厂家都采用蒸汽蒸馏和直火(烧锅底)蒸馏两种方式。无论是蒸汽蒸馏还是直火蒸馏都采用多年来总结的经验:缓汽蒸馏、中温接酒、大汽追尾的技术。目的是为了提高蒸馏效率和产品质量减少低沸点挥发物的损失。增加高沸点的馏分。生料酿酒的蒸馏也是如此。许多酒质味苦的原因就是采用大汽、猛火蒸馏造成的结果。流酒的温度控制在度以下流酒的速度控制在每分钟公斤范围这样酒的损失少芳香物质失掉的少并能最大限度地排除有害杂质提高质量和出酒率。接酒技术除了掌握流酒的温度和速度外就是掐头去尾。所谓掐头去尾就是在开始流酒时除去酒头一公斤左右当酒度下降到度以下时另用容器接酒然后将酒头、酒尾分别装置作为今后勾调之用或加入下次的蒸馏容器内再蒸馏。总之蒸馏的目的是将发酵醪液内所含低浓度酒精蒸馏浓缩到度以上。要达到此目的就要正确掌握各项蒸馏操作技术蒸馏操作技术好坏直接影响到酒的产量和质量。关于蒸馏设备问题目前国内普遍使用传统的瓶桶、蒸馏釜、蒸馏塔和其他一些改良的蒸馏设备。从蒸馏设备对酒的产率影响来看瓶桶大于蒸馏釜蒸馏釜大于蒸馏塔就是说蒸馏塔出酒率最高瓶桶的出酒率最低。采用蒸馏釜因为蒸馏釜、蒸馏塔原来就是用来蒸馏发酵醪的不管是熟料发酵还是生料发酵醪都是发酵醪其成分和原理都是一样。如采用传统的瓶桶蒸馏发酵醪液体缺乏浓缩酒精的机制因此用传统的瓶桶蒸馏生料发酵醪即不能得到较高的酒度而且出现酒尾过多过长的问题。附一:白酒除杂脱臭技术一、把待处理白酒先用氧化剂进行氧化氧化剂的用量为把氧化剂分三次加入白酒中充分搅拌每次待红色消褪后再加直至加完为止然后让其露开氧化经小时过滤获得透明白酒。二、把经氧化处理后的白酒用活性炭进行除杂脱臭活性炭的用量为用几个干净的三角白布装好棉绳子绑好悬挂在酒中经天(第一天要露开盖)把活性炭取出。sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof三、以上所指氧化剂及特制氧化剂(化学名叫高锰酸钾各医药公司有售)生瓶(公斤装)约元活性炭每公斤元可直接去信广东阳江县合山向群化工总厂邮购。附二:用酒渣科学养猪技术按斤酒渣需加:、小苏打两(视ph而定一般ph值在为好)。、食盐两、赖氨酸克、玉米粉和米糠各斤。、草杆饲料(或青饲料)斤。按以上种原料和酒渣混合喂猪隔天打虫一次洗胃、键胃后又继续使用注意开始用酒渣喂猪时可由少到多遂步增加猪有一个适应过程再喂青饲料。种曲kg(含邮)一公斤起邮(kg)公斤以上(元kg)。附三:家庭作坊设备一套、冷凝管米长球形一支、蒸馏瓶万或千三角形个。、胶塞、胶管、玻璃管配上述蒸馏用件、台称、感量克一台或首用称一把。、温度计支。、酒度计支。、ph试装ph一本。、量筒:毫升一个。、烧杯毫升一个毫升一个毫升一个。附四:曲正宗生产厂家:邮编:单位:广西上林永安生料酿酒曲种厂sourceofinexhaustiblepowerandtopromoteeconomicandsocialdevelopmentCountyupperandlowermuststationinglobalofheight,moredeepawarenesstechnologyinnovation,andtalentintelligenceofmajormeaning,zoomtalentondevelopmentofsupportrole,constantlypushcityWCBtwolearnadolearningarrangementsspecificprogrammeforensure"twolearnado"learningeducationmadeeffectiveness,promoteglobalmembersconsciouslyrespectedConstitution,andcomplywithpartyrules,withXIGeneralSecretaryseriesimportantspeechspiritarmedmind,andguidepractice,andpromotedwork,doqualifiedCommunist,accordingtoCommunistXXprovincialOrganizationDepartmentissued<on"twolearnado"Learningarrangementsofspecificprogramme>ofnotification(xgrouppass()th,)andCommunistXXMunicipalOfficeissued<onincitymembersinthecarriedout"learnConstitutionPartyrules,andlearnseriesspeech,doqualifiedmembers"learningeducationimplementationprogramme>ofnotification(xdo()th,)spirit,accordingtodistinguishlevel,andhastargetedsolutionproblemofrequirements,nowonlearningarrangementsproposedfollowingspecificprogrammeLearningrequirements,onallpartymemberstostudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesandunifytheXIseriesofimportantspeech,GeneralSecretary,speechlearningseriestodeepenunderstandingoftheConstitutionPartyrules,ConstitutionPartyrulesinthedeepinsightseriesaddressthebasicspiritandpracticalrequirementsstudythepartyConstitutionandpartyrulesreadreadthestatutesof

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