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首页 作文过渡词

作文过渡词.doc

作文过渡词

李镜宇
2019-05-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《作文过渡词doc》,可适用于综合领域

众所周知,要写出清晰流畅的文章,需要把文章中各部分巧妙地连接在一起。这样可使文章自然而别致,并能层层展开主题句,完整地表达中心思想。而过渡词(TransitionalWords)是连接这些部分的纽带。过渡词是一种关系指引词,一般由副词或起副词作用的短语承担。此外,代词、连词、上下文的近义词等也可作过渡词。过渡词能使文章启、承、转、合,融会贯通,连成一体。一、过渡词的分类根据意思和作用的不同,过渡词可以分为以下十五类:()表并列关系的过渡词:and,also,aswell,aswellas,or,too,notonly…butalso,both…and,either…or,neither…nor()表递进关系的过渡词:besides,inaddition(加之,除……之外),moreover(此外,而且),what’smore,what’sworse()表转折对比的过渡词:but,however,yet,instead,ontheotherhand,onthecontrary,although,differentfrom,despite,inpiteof,whereas,unlike,nevertheless(然而),notonly…butalso,here…there,yearsago…today,this…that,theformer…thelatter,then…now,thefirst…whereasthesecond,once…now,ontheonehand…ontheotherhand,some…others()表原因的过渡词:because,becauseof,since,as,for,nowthat,thanksto,dueto(由于)()表结果的过渡词:so,thus,therefore,asaresult,sothat,then,thereby,hence,so…that,such…that()表条件的过渡词:if,unless,onconditionthat,assolongas()表时间的过渡词:when,while,after,before,until,assoonas,later,afterwards,soon,lately,recently,since,fromthenon,eventually,inthemeantime,then,suddenly,atthesametime,next,earlythismorningyearcentury,afterawhile,inafewdays,now,presently,finally,atlast,allofasudden,formnowon,atpresent,immediately,themoment()表特定的顺序关系的过渡词:first,firstly,second,secondly,third,thirdly,aboveall,firstofall,then,next,finally,intheend,atlast,afterward(s)(后来),meanwhile(几乎同时),thereafter(在那以后),last,finally,eventually(终于)()表换一种方式表达的过渡词:inotherwords,thatistosay,toputitanotherway()表进行举例说明的过渡词:forinstance,forexample,like,suchas()表陈述事实的过渡词:infact,actually,asamatteroffact,totellyouthetruth()表强调的过渡词:certainly,indeed,aboveall,surely,mostimportant,infact,nodoubt,withoutanydoubt,truly,obviously()表比较的过渡词:like,unlike,inthesameway,similarly,similarto()表目的的过渡词:forthisreason,forthispurpose,sothat,inorderto,soasto()表总结的过渡词:inaword(总之,简言之),ingeneral,inshort(总之),aboveall,afterall,generallyspeaking,tosumup,finally,inconclusion,atlast,insummary文章段落之间的逻辑关系主要由过渡词来完成,在修辞中称为启、承、转、合。“启”就是开头,“承”是承接,“转”是转折,“合”是综合或总结。()用于“启”的过渡词语用于表示“启”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落或文章的开头:first,firstofall,atfirst,inthefirstplace,firstly,tobeingwith,tostartwith,recently,now,atpresent,inrecentyears,ingeneral,generallyspeaking,atpresent,lately,currently,Itisoftensaidthat…,Astheproverbsays…,Itgoeswithoutsayingthat…,Itisclearobviousthat…,Manypeopleoftenask…()用于“承”的过渡词语表示“承”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落中的第一个扩展句中:second,similarly,inaddition,besides,then,furthermore,moreover,whatismore,whatisworse,forexample,forinstance,certainly,surely,obviously,inotherwords,especially,particularly,inparticular,indeed,still,third,truly,infact,atthesametime,nodoubt,Itistruethat…,Everybodyknowsthat…,Itcanbeeasilyprovedthat…,Noonecandenythat…Thereasonwhy…isthat…,Thereisnodoubtthat…,Totake…foranexample(instance)…,Weknowthat…,Whatismoreseriousisthat…()用于“转”的过渡词语用于“转”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落中的第二个扩展句中:but,however,ontheotherhand,onthecontrary,incontrast,inanycase,atanyrate(无论如何),nevertheless(虽然如此),otherwise,or,orelse,while,whereas,but,despite,inspiteof,yet,instead,Idonotbelievethat…,Perhapsyou’llaskwhy…Thismaybetrue,butwestillhaveaproblemwithregardto…,Thoughweareinbasicagreementwith…,yetdifferenceswillbefound,That’swhyIfeelthat…()用于“合”的过渡词语用于“合”的过渡词或过渡性的语句通常用在段落的结论句或文章的结论段中:inaword,ingeneral,inshort,aboveall,afterall,generallyspeaking,tosumup,finally,inconclusion,atlast,insummary,therefore,asaresult,aboveall,thus,afterall(毕竟),eventually,hence,inshort,inconclusion,inaword,insum(总之),onthewhole(就整体而言),tosumupFromthispointofview…Onaccountofthiswecanfindthat…Theresultisdependenton…Thus,thisisthereasonwhywemust…二、过渡词的应用有的学生在作文中使用过多简单句,成了简单句堆砌有的写复杂句时,动辄用so,and,then,but,or,however,yet等非但达不到丰富表达方式的目的,反而使句子结构松散、呆板。为了避免这种现象,可以通过使用不同的过渡词,不仅能够丰富句型,而且还能够把思想表达得更清楚,意义更连贯。例如:学生习作TVandwebsiteTVandwebsitearepopularmediaTheyhavesomethingincommonBothofthemmakemoneyfromadsWebsitesalsohavedifferentsectionsYoumaychoosetheoneyouaremostinterestedinTheyaredifferentinmanywaysMovingpicturesareshownonTVwithsoundandinterpretationItmakesyoufeelthatyouarejustonthespotTheprogramschangeeverydayProfessionalTVreportersdothereportforTVSomeinformationonwebsiteschangeallthetimeNotallofitissoupdatedEverybodycanwritearticlesforwebsitesratherthanprofessionalreporterEverymediumhasitsownfeaturesItishardtosaywhichisbetter这段文字用简单句表达,它们之间内在的逻辑关系含糊不清,意思支离破碎。如果使用过渡词,将单句与其前后合并,形成主次关系,就把一个比较复杂的内容和关系表达得层次清楚、结构严谨。修改后的文章:TVandwebsiteBothTVandwebsitearepopularmediaTheyhavesomethingincommonBothofthemmakemoneyfromadsSimilartoTV,websitesalsohavedifferentsections,sothatyoumaychoosetheoneyouaremostinterestedinHowever,theyaredifferentinmanywaysAboveall,movingpicturesareshownonTVwithsoundandinterpretation,whichmakesyoufeelasifyouarejustonthespotThen,theprogramschangeeverydayandprofessionalTVreportersdothereportforTVUnlikeTV,someinformationonwebsiteschangeallthetime,butnotallofitissoupdatedInaddition,everybodycanwritearticlesforwebsitesratherthanprofessionalreporterInaword,everymediumhasitsownfeatures,soitishardtosaywhichisbetter修改后的文章用过渡词来衔接上下段第一段第一句为:BothTVandwebsitearepopularmediaTheyhavesomethingincommon第二段第一句为:However,theyaredifferentinmanyways第三段第一句为:Inaword,everymediumhasitsownfeatures…这篇短文每一段的第一句都是主题句,在每个主题句前使用Both…and,However,Inaword使全文有序地衔接起来。如果在文章中再恰当使用其他的过渡词,会使文章增色很多。(见上文)我们常常遇到这样的作文题目,如:发展私人轿车的利与弊、科学发明的利与弊、网上购物的利与弊。这些题目常常是谈论一个事物的两个方面,这时只要使用表示转折的过渡词就能很好地连接上下段。Asanewwayofshopping,onlineshoppingisbecomingmoreandmorepopularinourdailylifeOnlineshoppinghasmanydisadvantagesFirst,onlineshoppingmakesiteasierforustobuythingsInsteadofsearchingacrowdedstore,wejustneedtowatchthecomputerscreenandchoosethethingswelikeSecond,itismuchfasterforustodoshoppingWedon’thavetospendalotoftimegoingtoshopsThird,wecanseeagreatdealofgoodsshownonthecomputerscreenatthesametimeHowever,onlineshoppingisnotsoperfectThepicturesofgoodsshownonthecomputerscreenarenotalwayswhattheyareAsaresult,wecanbecheatedeasilyWhat’sworse,wecannotseethethingsindetailDespitethedisadvantagesofonlineshopping,IthinkitisanadvancedwaytodoshoppingSoweshoulddevelopit

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