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首页 铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classification and usage of aluminu…

铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classification and usage of aluminum).doc

铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classification and…

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2017-10-24 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classification and usage of aluminum)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classificationandusageofaluminum)铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classificationandusageofaluminum)Theclassificationofaluminumalloyandthegeneraldescription(::):classificationofclassificationofaluminumalloyplatenumber:technicaldataTheclassificationofaluminum()aluminumismadeofpurealuminumandaluminumalloybythepresenceofalloyThealloyseriesaredividedintoalmnalloy,alcualloy,alsialloyandalmgalloy()accordingtothepressureprocessingability,canbedividedintodeformationaluminumandnondeformationaluminum(egcastaluminum)()thealuminumalloyisdividedintononheattreatmentandreinforcedaluminumwithheattreatmentAluminumwithoutisomer,purealuminum,aluminummanganesealloy,aluminummagnesiumalloy,etccannotbeimprovedbyheattreatmentphasechangeHowever,aluminumandmagnesiumsiliconandotheralloyscanbeenhancedbysolidsolubilityagingItisnotpossibletoenhancethestrengthoftheenhancedphasebymeansofsolidsolutionagingBrandnamemeansmethodandstatussymbol()thefournumbersystembrandnamemethodwasadoptedonJanuary,ChinabegantoimplementGBTthestandardofthemethodofdeformationaluminumandaluminumalloyNewbrandsaidmethodthedeformationofaluminumandaluminumalloyinternationalbrandregisteredorganizationrecommendsfourdigitalsystembrandnamingmethods,suchasindustrialpurealuminumhas,,AlMnalloy,AlMgalloyhasa,,etc()fourcharactersystembrandnamemethod,beforeJanuary,,ourcountryadoptedtheformerSovietunionbrandnotationSomeNumbersofaluminiumandaluminiumalloychemicalcompositionandtheinternationalsystemofthefourdigitsdon'tperfectlymatch,cannotadoptinternationalbrandinsteadoffourdigitalsystem,tokeepdomesticexistingsystemofinternationalfourdigitnumber,toadoptfourcharactersystembrandnamingmethods,soastograduallyinlinewithinternationalstandardsForexample,thechemicalcompositionoftheoldLFisnotidenticaltotheinternationalfournumbersystemnumber,sothenumberofthefourcharactersystemisAThefourdigitalsystemsandthefourcharactersystemNumbersrepresentthecategoriesofaluminumandaluminiumalloysThemeaningsareasfollows:)XXXseriesofjujubeindustrialpurealuminum)XXXdatealcu,alcumnalloy)XXXdatealmnalloy)XXXdatealsialloy)XXXdatealmgalloy)XXXdatealmgsialloy)XXXdatealmgsicualloy)XXXseriesdates()thenumberofZAlmainalloyelementsymbolalloyelementcontentisexpressedinthealuminumcastingbrandofChinaForexampleZAlSiMgA,ZAlCu,ZAlMgSi,etc()thestateofaluminumandaluminumalloyofthesamenumberisdifferentandthemechanicalpropertiesaredifferentAccordingtothestandardofGBT"deformedaluminumandaluminumalloystatus",thenewstatuscodeisasfollows:OdateannealingHdateheatstateThenaturalagingstatusofTdatesolidsolutionThestateofartificialagingaftercoolingofTdatehightemperatureformingprocessThestateofartificialagingafterthetreatmentoftheTdate()theapplicationofaluminumcontainersandthealuminumandaluminumalloysadoptedbythecontainerspecificationsTheapplicationcharacteristicsofaluminumcontainers()inthemediumofairandoxidizedaqueoussolution,thealuminumoxidepassivationfilmismorelikelytoproducedensealumina,whichhasgoodcorrosionresistanceinsomeoxidizingmediaThecorrosionresistanceofpurealuminumissuperiortostainlesssteelinhightemperatureconcentratednitricacidAluminumisoftenusedasamaterialforcorrosionresistance()isnottoostrongtosomecorrosive,butrequireironpollutionpreventionofmedium,suchaschemicalfiberproductionmedium,aluminiumhasgoodcorrosionresistance,andthereisnopollutionofironmaterials,therefore,aluminumusedasthematerialofironpollutionpreventionofthecontainerOthernonferrousmetalcontainerscanalsopreventironpollution,butaluminumisthecheapest()aluminumisfacecenteredcubiclattice,nosameisomer,doesnotexistasferriticsteelunderlowtemperaturebrittletransition,aluminumcontainersminimumdesigntemperaturecanreachtoAluminumisoftenusedasamaterialforcryogeniccontainersAluminummagnesiumalloyswithhighcontentofmagnesium,wouldMgAlintermetalliccompoundandMgAlinintergranularprecipitate,makethealuminummagnesiumalloyinsomemediumproducesstresscorrosionsensitivity,underusingonlywon'tproducestresscorrosion,sothemagnesiumcontentmorethanofthealuminummagnesiumalloydesigntemperaturedoesnotexceedToomuchprecipitationcanreducetheimpacttoughness,sothemagnesiumalloywithmorethanmagnesiumanditsweldingjointsshouldchecktheimpacttoughnessOtheraluminumandaluminumcontainers,includinglowtemperaturealuminumcontainers,donotrequireimpacttoughnesstesting()becauseofthehighstrengthmagnesiumaluminumsiliconalloysolidsolutionageingstate,theplasticisbetteralso,goodweldability,weldingjointstatecanstillmaintainhighstrengthafterwelding,socommonlyusedasacontainerwithhighstrengthaluminumalloyAluminum,especiallypurealuminum,isverylowinforce,anditproducesplasticdeformationundersmallloadsWhenusingandtransportingaluminumcontainers,theyshouldpayattentiontocollisiondeformationThecomposition,proportionandcharacteristicsofeachvarietyofaluminumalloyRawaluminum(molalaluminum),rawaluminumisextractedfromanaturalchemicalcompositionofaluminawithlowpurityRawaluminumisnotpurealuminum,itislikethepigiron,thehardknockbreaksTheusualaluminumproductsarelightandthinThisisripealuminumAluminumalloyismixedwithasmallamountofmagnesium,manganese,copperandothermetalsinpurealuminum,andthecorrosionresistanceandhardnessaregreatlyimprovedRawaluminumcomposition:aluminum,brittleandhard,onlytocastsandcastingproductsCookedaluminum:morethanaluminum,soft,canberolledorrolledoveravarietyofvesselsDiecastingaluminumCastingisaprocessofmetalsmeltingandprocessing,usuallyusingthemetal'sgravitytocastinthemouldButaluminumcastingisnotdonebygravity,butbyexertingsomepressureIt'skindoflike"injectionmolding"Butithasasetoftechnicalcontent,coolingandothersystemsIngeneral,thematerialissenttothecavityofthe"injection"toformpartsthroughacentralizedentranceAluminumfordiecastingprocessisaluminumdiecasting,usuallydiecastingaluminumalloyAluminum,aluminumTheyarefourdigitsofmagnesiumandsiliconthatarethemainalloyelementsandarereinforcedbyMgSiThefirstisthenumber,whichisusedtodistinguishgroupsThelattertwohavenospecialmeaningtodistinguishthematerialfromthesamegroupseriesThefourdigitalsystemsandthefourcharactersystemNumbersrepresentthecategoriesofaluminumandaluminiumalloysThemeaningsareasfollows:)XXXseriesofindustrialpurealuminum)XXXseriesalcu,alcumnalloy)XXXseriesalmnalloy)theXXXseriesalsialloy)XXXseriesalmgalloy)XXXseriesalmgsialloy)XXXseriesalmgsicualloy)XXXseriesotherIntroductiontoaluminumalloyHeattreatmentcanstrengthenthealloy,ithasgoodshape,weldability,machinability,andthemediumstrength,itcanmaintaingoodoperabilityafterannealingTypicalapplicationAviationfixtures,trucks,towerbuildings,ships,pipesandotherapplicationsrequiringstrength,weldability,andcorrosionresistanceChemicalcompositionrangeSi,Femax,Cu,Mnmax,Mg,Cr,Znmax,Timax,themaximumcontentofeachothercomponentwas,themaximumtotalcontentoftheothercomponentswas,andtheremainderwasAlaluminumalloyiswidelyusedinarchitecturalaluminumWindowsanddoors,curtainwallframework,inordertokeepthedoorsandWindows,curtainwallswithhighwindpressureresistance,assemblingperformance,corrosionresistance,anddecorativeperformance,therequirementofthecomprehensiveperformanceofaluminiumalloyprofileismuchhigherthanstandardindustrialprofilesXXXpurealuminiumpricelowestscopewiderXXXduralaluminumcopperalloyafterquenchingofnaturalaging,commonlyusedforcopper,thepricewillbehigher,thepriceofadomesticnowatyuanperton,XXXaluminummanganesealloyantirustaluminumpriceissomehigherthanpurealuminiumapplicablerangeiswide,XXXongeneralplankintheairabovethestandard,XXX,aluminummagnesiumalloyantirustaluminummediumstrengthperformanceofbending,thesouthwestaluminiumpricesataround,,XXXusequenchingafterartificialaging,comparedwithgoodcuttingperformance,mediumstrength,suitableforpartsprocessing,southwestaluminumpriceataround$now,butveryfewgoods,importsofgeneralsheetyuanperton,thickplateyuanperton,XXX,superhardaluminum,oneofthebestmaterials,usedinhighendmarket,domesticrarely,importsofaverageyuanpertontoyuanpertonAluminumalloyseries:features:containoveraluminum,theelectricalconductivityisgood,goodcorrosionresistance,goodweldingperformance,lowintensity,strengtheningheattreatmentApplication:highpurityaluminum(aluminumcontentmorethan)ismainlyusedforscientificexperiments,thechemicalindustryandspecialpurposesseries:features:copperasthemaincombinationofaluminumalloyAlsocanbeaddedmanganese,magnesium,leadandbismuthtocutForexample,intheprocessofsmelting,youshouldpayattentiontothesafetyofthemetalalloyuseaviationindustry,highstrengthThealloyisalittlelowerthanthealloy,butitiseasiertoprocessItcanbestrengthenedbyheattreatmentinDisadvantages:theintergranularcorrosiontendencyisseriousApplicationrange:aviationindustry(alloy),screw(alloy)andhightemperatureuse(alloy)Features:aluminumalloywithmanganeseasthemainalloy,nonheattreatmentreinforcement,GoodcorrosionresistanceandgoodweldingperformanceGoodplasticity(closetoultraaluminumalloy)Disadvantages:lowintensity,butcanbestrengthenedbycoldworkinghardeningItiseasytoproducecoarsegrainwhenannealingApplicationrange:theguideoilseamlesstube(alloy)usedinaircraft,andcanbeusedincans(alloy)series:mainlysilicon,notcommonlyusedPartcanbeheattreatedandreinforced,butsomeofthefouralloysarenotheattreatableFeatures:mainlymagnesiumTheresistancecanbegood,theweldingperformanceisgood,thefatiguestrengthisgood,notheattreatmentisstrengthened,onlythecoldprocessingincreasestheintensityApplicationrange:lawnmowerhandle,aircraftfueltankcatheter,bodyarmorTheupperandupperendoftheshoerackisbasicallyseriesorseriesseriesFeatures:mainlymagnesiumandsiliconMgSiisthemainstrengtheningphaseandthemostwidelyusedalloyThemostusedare,,,,,,,Thestrengthof,andisrelativelylowinseries,,andareofhighintensityinseriesTheshelfinthemiddleofthecyclonenoisfeatures:moderatestrength,goodcorrosionresistance,goodweldingperformance,goodprocessperformance(easyextrusionforming)oxidationandcoloringpropertiesApplicationscope:handtools(forexample:carrack,door,window,body,heatsink,compartment)series:features:mainlyzinc,butsometimesasmallamountofmagnesiumandcopperisaddedThesuperhardaluminumalloyisthehardnessofzinc,lead,magnesiumandcopperalloyThecompressionspeedisslowerthantheseriesalloyandtheweldingperformanceisgoodTheandarethehighestlevelsintheseries,whichcanbeenhancedbyheattreatmentApplicationrange:aviation(aircraftloadbearing,landinggear),rocket,propeller,aircraftseries:(standbyalloy)AluminumpurposesPart:descriptionoftheseriesThefollowingisdescribedaccordingtothealloysystem,thealloyaddress,thematerialcharacteristic,theorderofuseJISAAseriespurealuminumseriesastheconductivematerialIACSguaranteedandrequiredstrengthofwires,,,,nrationalgoodformability,surface,itscorrosionresistanceinthealuminumalloybestBecauseitispurealuminum,itsstrengthislow,thepurityishigheritsintensityislowerDailynecessities,aluminumplates,lightingappliances,reflectors,decorative,chemicalindustrialcontainers,radiators,solutionwiring,conductivematerials,ALofgeneralusealuminumwithmorethanpurityTheappearanceofanodicoxidationtreatmentisslightlywhiteandthesameasaboveGeneralutensil,heatsink,bottlecap,printingplate,buildingmaterials,heatexchangercomponentNstrengthisslightlyhigherthan,goodshape,andthesamecharacteristicisthesameas,dailynecessitiesseriesALxCudepartmentfastcutalloy,goodcuttingqualityButthecorrosionresistanceispoorForcorrosionresistance,alloyvolumeshaft,opticalcomponentandscrewheadareused,,containsalargeamountofCu,thecorrosionresistanceisnotgood,buttheintensityishigh,ItcanbeusedasaconstructionmaterialForgingcanalsobeappliedAircraft,gears,oilPressurecomponent,wheelshaftsolidificationheattreatment,asthehingepinmaterial,todelaythealloyofnormaltemperatureagingvelocityforgingalloyGoodforgingandhightemperaturestrengthTherefore,itisusedinforgingproductsthatrequireheatresistancePoorcorrosionresistanceCylinderhead,piston,VTRcylinderforgingalloyHightemperaturestrengthbutnotgoodcorrosionresistancePiston,rubberformingmold,generalheatresistantcomponentsstrength,lowtemperatureandhightemperaturecharacteristics,goodsolubility,butnotgoodcorrosionresistanceLowtemperaturecontainer,airmachineMadeofforgedalloyinGoodforgingandhighstrength,butnotgoodcorrosionresistanceAlloyforpropellersandmagneticbarrelsNforgingHeatresistance,highstrength,butnotgoodcorrosionresistanceAircraftengine,hydrauliccomponentsseriesALxMnseriesstrengthishigherthan,forming,solubilityandcorrosionresistancearegoodGeneralutensil,heatsink,plate,photocopierdrum,shipmaterial,,,strengthishigherthan,withsuperiorformingandcorrosionresistanceAluminumcan,lampguncover,roofpanel,coloraluminumplatestrengthisabouthigherthan,andcorrosionresistanceisbetterBuildingmaterials,coloredaluminumplatesThestrengthofisslightlyhigherthan,andothercharacteristicsaresimilartoBuildingmaterials,coloraluminumplate,bottlecapIvseriesALxSiseriesheatresistance,goodresistance,lowthermalexpansioncoefficientPiston,cylinderheadsoupflowisgood,coagulationshrinkless,usesulphuricanodicoxidationtreatmentisgraynaturalhaircolorSolutionwiring,buildingpanelseriesALxMgsystemstrengthisthesameasIthasgoodprocessability,solubilityandcorrosionresistanceThemodificationoftheanodeisgood,whichisproportionaltothecolorofThebuildingshallbeinstalledinsideandoutsidethevehicle,withinthevehicleandwithintheshipisthemostrepresentativealloyofmediumstrength,goodcorrosionresistance,solubilityandforming,especiallythehighfatiguestrengthandseawaterresistanceGeneralsheetmetal,ship,vehicle,building,bottlecap,honeycombboardlimitofimpureelements,andinhibitsthealloyofhydrogenperoxideseparation,andotherpropertieswithhydrogenperoxidecontainersstrengthishigherthanOthercharacteristicsaresameasandlimitimpurityelements,andinhibitthealloyofhydrogenperoxidedecomposition,othercharacteristicsarethesameasHydrogenperoxidecontainersThestrengthofisabouthigherthanthatof,whichisroughlythesameasthatof,butitisbetterthanintheenvironmentofevilCarwheel,corrosionresistanceissuperiortocuttingandworkingsurface,anodicoxidationisrationalanditsdyeingisgoodCamerabody,communicationmachinecomponent,chainstrengthissimilarto,goodformingandcorrosionresistanceThecoverisabouthigherthanTheothercharacteristicsarethesameasThecoversolutionconstructionalloyItisthehigheststrengthcorrosionresistantalloyinthepracticalnonheattreatmentalloyandissuitableforthedissolvingstructureSeawaterresistance,lowtemperaturecharacteristicsgoodvessels,vehicles,lowtemperaturecontainers,pressurevesselsThestrengthof,ishigherthan,whichisthealloyfortheconstructionofnonheatresistant,nonheattreatmentsystemTheship,pressurevessel,magneticdiskNstrengthisthesameas,andtheanodicoxidationprocessofthelighttreatmentcanbehighlyluminousGoodshapeandcorrosionresistanceKitchensupplies,camera,decoration,aluminumplateNhingepinwithalloy,goodseawaterresistancegoodhingepinseriesALxMgxSisystemCorrosionresistantalloyofheattreatmenttypeTtreatmentcanhaveveryhighresistancevalues,butdissolvestheinterfacestrengthislow,souseinthescrew,hingepinvessels,vehicles,landstructurestrengthinncrowdedtypealloy,hasthestrengthofthemiddleofand,extrusionpressquenchingsexaregood,canmakethecomplexshapesoflargethinmaterial,corrosionresistance,dissolvesarepreferredVehicles,landstructures,ships,,representativesofalloyanditsstrengthislowerthan,extrusion,canmaketheshapeofcrosssectionshapeofcomplexmaterial,corrosionresistanceandsurfaceprocessarepreferredconstruction,highwayguardrail,gaolan,vehicles,furniture,homeappliancesproducts,accessorieshighstrengthconductivematerialsIACSguaranteespowerlinesforgingisparticularlygood,corrosionresistanceandsurfacereasonarealsogood,suitableforcomplexforgingMachinery,automobilecomponentscorrosionresistancefastcuttingalloy,corrosionresistanceandsurfacereasonbetterthan,withthesamestrengthasCamerabody,oxidizercomponents,brakeassemblies,gasappliancecomponentsseriesALxZnxMgsystemelectrodepotentialislow,mainlyusedforcorrosionprotectioncover,andalsosuitableforheatexchangerofheatexchangerAluminumalloysheetmetal,heatsinkOneofthehigheststrengthalloysinaluminumalloy,butthecorrosionresistanceisnotgood,andthecoverofcanimproveitscorrosionresistance,butthecostisimprovedAircraft,,,toimproveskirodquenchingofalloy,goodresistancetostresscorrosioncracking,suitableforthickplate,forgingsaircraft,highspeedofrotorsndissolvesalloystructure,thestrengthofhighstrengthanddissolvesdepartmentinterestingplace,aftercomebacktoclosetothestrengthoftheparentmetalThecorrosionresistanceisalsoverygoodVehicles,otherlandstructures,aircraft,,solubletectonicsisusedtoextrudealloy,whichisslightlylowerthanl,butitisextrudedwellandcanbelargeformofthinmeat,andtheotherfeaturesareaboutthesameasthatofOuterringofvehicleandlocomotivewheelPartii:professionaluseofaluminumTheorderoftheuseofthespace,thematerialandtheformofthealloyshallbedescribedIaluminumalloyforconstructionRoof,,andResidential,warehouse,factory,office,shop,,,,,board,shapeCeiling,innerwall,,,plateandformChangethestomata,armrest,illuminator,,N,form,boardDoors,,,,platesandformsShutters,Curtainwindowrail,board,boardGratingdoor,doorleaf,plate,shape,tubeSlidingWindows,,shapedmaterials,platesWindowframeWalls,,N,,plates,formsandwiresBalcony,balcony,,NIiAluminumalloyforcivilengineeringRoadsigns:,,platesandformsHighwayguardrail,,N,,,plate,tubeLightingcolumn,,tubesBridge,footbridge,,N,,andform,plate,tubeplateandshapeInsulationwall,,shape,board,tubeGenerallargestructuresareintheformof,,,N,,,andarumform,plateandtubeTrolley(trolley),,,Theupperpartofthecircuitshallbeconstructedof,,,N,,andofcoursematerials,platesandtubesTheworksareusedintheformofthegasketofthegasketEagle(shipbuilding,construction),N,plate,shapeGate,plate,shapeCoveringmaterialsIiiElectricalmachinecomponentsGeneraldecorativeUSES:,,,plates,andshapedmaterialsLowpowerbase,protectionplate,,Protectivebox,capacitorbox,boardElectrolyticcapacitor,,foilVariablestoragebattery,,,plate,foilVolumeshaft,bearing,rodandtubeTheloudspeakerframeisandplatesTurnknob,,,,rodsandplatesSwitchplateofSwitchplateandplatesWhiteheatlampgunmetalportMetalmouthoffluorescentlamp,boardTheSheathis,,tubesConductivetube,,,tubeSemiconductorradiator,plate,shapeTVantennas,,tubesTVcabinetVTRcylinder,rodsVTRguideband,,,,tubeThemagneticdiskplate、磁气drum到、、、雷达天线、新选天线、n、型材料、马达台架、板、形状、次,轉機Coil形状材料,,N形状材料,,,,形状材料,板,管、电线下管、换电扇片、、板、电锅、、、n板、散热片、、、、板影印机滚筒、、管四、普通设备,用炮装容灵巧铝合金、光学精密仪器关员()camera照相器、、、管、棒()camera照相器件,n板()组件、、棒()键盘、板()齿轮,、、地板板、纖維關係()beltframe、型材料()纺织机构制造、、n、型材料、木棒()紡綞,棒,()线轴、n、、n管()screen印染框型材料()飞轮(flyer)管()纺纱pot、n板、坚挺、农林、水產裝,容器,包拯關係()插秧架、育苗箱板()成草机把手、、n、管()收益库、板()输送水管、管()集奶水、、、板()瓶盖、、、、板()铝罐,,,板()面板上约板()鱼仓、板()水下呼吸用高壓筒,锻造张()液化石油筒、板()包囊器n,,箔()球棒、n、、、管()弓箭、、管()球片、n、、n、型材料()铭板、、板()印刷板、、板()游泳池、、板、形状材料五、化学鋁合筹备用金您的位置:知道吧请问lng桶类管子用、、、板、管、形材、空气瓦斯分离共、、、、、、、、、管、形状、板Chemicalcontainerpiping,,,,plate,tubeandcladmaterialHydrogenperoxidedevices,,,tubes,platesandrods

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铝材的分类牌号及用途总述(Classification and usage of aluminum)

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