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首页 现代大学英语听力4 听力答案

现代大学英语听力4 听力答案.doc

现代大学英语听力4 听力答案

日理万鸡千金
2017-10-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《现代大学英语听力4 听力答案doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

现代大学英语听力听力答案UnitTask:【答案】AEventYearKennyGwasbornHetouredEuropewithhisHighSchoolbandHemadehisfirstsoloalbumHewonreleasedhismostsuccessfulalbumHewontheBestArtistAwardHebroketheworldrecordforplayingasinglenoteB()F)F)T【原文】SaxophonistKennyGisnowtheworld'smostsuccessfuljazzmusicianHewasborninasKennyGorelickinSeattle,USA,andhelearnedtoplaythesaxophoneatanearlyageWhenhewasjustyearsold,hetouredEuropewithhisHighSchoolbandAfterstudyingatWashingtonUniversityhestartedhiscareerasamusicianInhesignedforAristaRecordsandmadehisfirstsoloalbumKennyGSuccesscameslowlyatfirst,butduringthesKennybecamewellknownontheinternationalsceneHereleasedBreathless,hismostsuccessfulalbumsofarin,andinwontheBestArtistAwardatthestAmericanMusicAwardsheldinLosAngelesAswellasmakingrecords,healsofoundtimetoplayinfrontofanotherfamoussaxophoneplayerUSPresidentBillClintonatthe"GalaforthePresident"concertinWashington,andtobreaktheworldrecordforplayingasinglenote(minutesandseconds!)attheJRMusicWorldStoreinNewYorkinDuringthelastyearsistruggledtorepayaboutbilliondollarsofdebtandthevalueofitsexpensivelyacquired,assetsplungedasthemediaboomgavewaytobustNowanewmanagementhaswoundupthemistake‖NewsItemGovernmentinspectorsinEurope,CanadaandtheUShavecarriedoutsimultaneousraidsontheofficesofcopperminingcompaniesaspartofaninvestigationintoallegedpricefixingSomeoftheindustry'sbiggestnames,includingRioTintoandBHPBillitonwereamongthosetargetedHereisAlexEricksonofourbusinessstaff"UnderEUroles,companiesfoundguiltyoffixingpricescanbefineduptopercentofworldwideannualsalesInthecaseofthecopperindustry,thatwouldbepercentofbilliondollarsTheworld'stoptencopperconcentrateproducersaccountformorethanhalfoftheglobalmarketEuropeanUnionantitrustofficialsareinvestigatingtheaffairincooperationwiththeUSDepartmentofJusticeandtheCanadianCompetitionBureau"Task:【答案】ACountryEstimatedDeathsintheReportSriLankaAtleast,IndonesiaMorethan,SouthernIndiaMorethan,TotalMorethan,B)ItoccurredunderneaththeseaintheIndianOcean)CountriesaroundtheIndianOceansuchasIndonesia,SriLanka,India,theMaldivesandThailand)Itwastotreattheinjuredandfindsheltersforthehomeless)Ithadappealedformorethan$,,tohelplessentheharmofthedisaster)Itwouldsendmedicalsuppliesto,peopletoSriLankaC)bereestablishedmoreremotecommunitiestruescale)theinternationalcommunitymassiveoffersofsupportdryrationsfreshwaterfreshwaterunaffectedareashomesdestroyed)darktheseasignsofdevastationclosedshantytowns【原文】Morethan,peoplearenowknowntohavebeenkilledbyamassiveearthquakeunderneaththeseaintheIndianOcean,whichsentgiantwavescrashingintopopulatedcoastlinesacrossawideareaThewaveshitthousandsofkilometersofcoastinIndonesia,SriLanka,SouthernIndia,theMaldivesandThailandAndinallofthesecountriestheresultwasthesamewholecommunitiessweptawaywithoutwarningInBangkok:"Asrescueeffortscontinuedthroughoutthehoursofdarkness,officialsinthecountriesworstaffectedwerestilltryingtogetamoreaccuratepictureofwhatneedstobedonenowThefearisthat,ascommunicationsbegintobereestablishedandtheemergencyservicesreachthemoreremotecommunities,thetruescaleofthedevastationwillprovemuchworsethantheyhadfearedAsthefloodwatersbegintorecede,thehorrorofwhat'shappenedisnowapparentForeigndisasterreliefteamshavebegunworkinthecountriesaroundtheIndianOceanThoseeffortswillcontinuethroughoutMondayTheprioritytreatingtheinjuredandfindingshelterforthosewhosehomesandlivelihoodshavebeenwashedaway"InSriLankaalone,atleast,peopleareknowntohavebeenkilledPresidentChandrikaKumaratungasaidhercountryhadneverknownsuchadisasterinallitshistory"Wehaveappealedtotheinternationalcommunity,ourfriends,andtheyhavecomeupwiththe,massiveoffersofsupportWeneedsupportweevenneeddoctors,medicine,dryrationsTheydonthavefreshwater,butwearesendingthemfreshwaterfromtheunaffectedareasWehavetothenstartbuildingthehomeshundredsofthousandsthathavebeendestroyed"TheauthoritiesinIndonesiasaymorethan,peoplehavebeenkilledonSumatraMostofthemarebelievedtobeinthecityofBandaAceh,thecapitalofAcehProvinceInSouthernIndiamorethan,peopleareknowntohavediedPolicehaverecoveredhundredsofbodiesfromthecity,andalongthecoast,OthershavebeenwashedashoreSomewerethrownintolorries,whileotherswerecarriedtohospitaloncartsIt'snowdarkinMadras,andmostofthewater'sgonebackouttotheseabutalongthecoastthere'restillsignsofdevastationManyoftheroadsthereareclosed,andstrewnwithdebrisSomeoftheShantytownsbythebeachesarecompletelydestroyedAndouttosea,hundredsoffishermenarestillbelivedtobemissing"TheRedCrosshasissuedwhatitcalledaninitialandimmediateappealformorethan$,,tohelpalleviatetheeffectsoftheearthquakeandtidalwavesTheFederationofRedCrossandRed,CrescentSocietiessaidinGeneva,reliableinformationwasstillveryhardtocomebyacrossthewholeaffectedregionBut,amongitsfirstmoves,wouldbetosendmedicalsuppliesto,peopletoSriLankaTask:【答案】AIlivesinthethousandsIIshortcomingsinthecountry‘shealthsystemmakeimprovementsIIItheaftereffectsoftheheatwaveB)b)c)b)aCCountryOfficiallyResponsesfromtheGovernmentandorOppositionAnnouncedPartiesCasualtiesFrance,PresidentChiracadmittedthedefectsintheFrenchhealthsystemandpromisedtomakechangesPortugalmorethan,ThegovernmentdefendeditshandlingofthecrisisPoliticaloppositioncriticizedthegovernmentforitsSpaininadequateresponsetothecrisis)TheHealthMinistryfailedtotakeneededprecautions)Thegovernmentfailedtocoordinatepolicyamongthecountry'sdifferentautonomousregions【原文】TheheatwavethathassweptEuropehasclaimedlivesestimatedinthethousandsFrenchPresidentJacquesChirachasacknowledgedshortcomingsinhisowncountry'shealthsystemduringthecrisisandpledgedtomakeimprovementsWhiletemperatureshavecooled,EuropeisstillfeelingtheaftereffectsofthedevastatingheatspellOnegovernmentestimateplacesthenumberofheatrelateddeathsatuptothousandinFrancealoneThatpromptedPresidentChirac,inhisfirstcommentsonthecrisis,topromisethateverythingwillbedonetocorrecttheinadequaciesinFrance'shealthsystemInanationallytelevisedaddressonThursday,MrChiracpromisedtheemergencyserviceswouldbegiventhemeanstobetterdealwithsuchcatastrophesandheexpressedcompassionforthevictims'familiesItwasFrance'ssecretaryofstatefortheelderly,HubertFalco,whoannouncedtoreportersthatitwaslikelythatuptothousandpeopleinFrancehaddiedfromtheheatThisistwicethepreviousgovernmentestimateEarlierthisweekHealthMinisterJeanFrancoisMatteisaiduptofivethousandpeoplemayhavediedTemperaturesinpartsofFrancehitdegreesCelsiuseverydayforalmosttwoweeksearlierthismonthElsewhereinEurope,Portuguesemediasaymorethanhundredpeoplehaddiedintheheatwavethatgrippedthatnation,sparkingitsworstforestfiresinmorethanyearsPortugal'sLusanewsagencyquotedfiguresfromapreliminaryhealthministryreportfortheperiodbetweenlateJulyandAugustthInneighboringSpainthepoliticaloppositionhascriticizedthegovernmentforwhatitsayswasaninadequateresponsetotheheatwaveASocialistpartyofficialtoldtheElPaisdailynewspaperthattheHealthMinistryfailedtotakeneededprecautionsInaddition,anofficialoftheUnitedLeftgroupingsaidthegovernmentalsodidnotcoordinatepolicyamongSpain'smanyautonomousregionsTheofficialdeathtollinSpainhasbeenputat,buttheBarcelonanewspaperLaVanguardiasaysseveralhundreddeathsmaybelinkedtotheheatTheSpanishgovernmenthasdefendeditshandlingofthecrisisTask:【答案】Subject:ImpactoftechnologicalchangeonrailandairtransportItheautomationandcomputerizationofjobsAatotallyautomatedunmannedrailwaythathastransportedpassengersforovertwoyearswithoutaccidentBFiercerstiffercompetitionHigheroperationalcostsCelectronicdataprocessingcutcostsandimproveefficiencyIIAacontinuousprocessToreplacemanualworkerswiththereballastingmachineoperatedbypersonsTouserobots(espinwelding)forcostcuttingandimprovementinworkqualityBTousemoderntechnologytoreducethecostofcockpitcrewsToreplaceradiooperatorswithreliableautomatedcommunicationsequipmentTomakeflightnavigatorsunnecessaryduetothedevelopmentofothertechnologiesIIIAThedeclineinoverallemploymentlevelsEliminatedcreatedBDeclineinthedemandofunskilledjobsDemandsforlaborerswithmoreadvancedskillsinnewlycreatedjobsCnewsjobsbeingcreatedinsomeareasinthemediumandlongtermIVTofindwaystoadapttheworkforceinasmoothandtimelymannertotheneedsoftheageofhightechnology【原文】Narrator:PassengertrainswithoutdriverstransportingthousandsofcommutersinmajorcitycentersoftheworldarenolongerasciencefictionfantasyTheapplicationofnewtechnologyhasbroughtaboutrevolutionarychangesinthemanninglevelsofrailwaysystemsandtheairtransportindustriesofmanycountriesAccordingtoastudyfromtheInternationalLaborOrganization,ILOaspecializedagencyoftheUnitedNationsthetrendtowardtheautomationandcomputerizationofjobsinrailandairtransportisclearlyestablishedWehearmorefromRandyClineThomasandReenaBhandariofUnitedNationsRadioClineThomas:IntheFrenchtownofLille,atotallyautomatedrailwayhasbeentransportingpassengerstotallyunmannedforovertwoyearswithoutaccidentTheexperimenthasbeensuchagreatsuccessthatanotherFrenchtown,Toulouse,hasdecidedtobuildasimilarmetrosystemAvishaiGiloftheInternationalLaborOrganizationnotesintheJanuaryFebruaryissueofTheInternationalLaborReview,anILOpublication,thatfallingrevenues,stiffercompetitionandhigheroperationalcostshavemaderailwaysandairlinesincreasinglymoreeconomymindedInrecentyears,staffcostsalonehavereachedbetweenandpercentoftheoperationalcostsinthelaborintensiverailways,whilethoseincommercialairtransporthavedoubledBhandari:Intryingtocutcostsandimproveoperationalefficiency,therailwaysandairlineshaveturnedmoreandmoretonewtechnologies,particularlythelatestadvancesinelectronicdataprocessingIntherailways,thetraditionallymanualandseparatetasksofrailwaywelding,sleeperlaying,tampingandballastinghaveallbeenmechanizedandcombinedintoacontinuousprocessThereballastingmachinemannedbytwopersonscanadvanceataspeedofkilometersperhour,replacingmanualworkerswhich,inacountrylikeFrance,meansannualsavingsofmillionfrancsRobotsusedintheUnitedStateshavecutcostsandimprovedthequalityofwork,especiallyweldingClineThomas:Asinthecaseofrailways,airlineshavealsobeenabletoapplymodemtechnologytoachievesubstantialsavingsinthecostofcockpitcrewsReliableautomatedcommunicationsequipmenthasalreadyobviatedtheneedforradiooperatorsThedevelopmentofothertechnologieshasledtothephasingoutoftheflightnavigatorBhandari:Unlesstrafficshowssignificantincreases,newtechnologieswillcreatefewerjobsthantheyeliminateOverall,employmentlevelswilldeclineThestructureoftheworkforcewillalsochangewiththephasingoutofunskilledjobsandtherequirementofmoreadvancedskillsinthosenewlycreatedClineThomas:TheInternationalLaborOrganizationiscurrentlyengagedinexploringtheimpactandimplicationsofnewtechnologyontheworldofworkItsinitialresearchfindingstendtosubstantiatetheview,thatwhilenewtechnologymaydestroyjobsincertainindustriesandsectors,thereareprospectsofnewjobsbeingcreatedelsewhereinthemediumandlongtermThemainthrustofILOeffortsistoexplorewaysofsmoothandtimelyadaptationoftheworkforcetotheneedsoftheageofhightechnologyNarrator:RandyClineThomasandbeforehimReenaBhandariofUnitedNationsRadio,reviewinganInternationalLaborOrganizationreportontheimpactoftechnologicalchangeonrailandairtransportTask:【答案】A)c)a)b)c)dB)OnereasonisthelackofgoodpublictransportationMoreover,manyCalifornianswhodrivelongdistancesownoversizedsportutilityvehicles)TheyblockedaLosAngelsfreewayforseveralhours)TheyareurgingPresidentBushtoreleasemillionsofbarrelsofoilfromtheUSStrategicPetroleumReserve)SinceSeptemberth,somepeoplehaveputofftheirtravelplansNowtheydon'twanttoputthemoffanylongerMoreover,thereisagrowingsenseofoptimismabouttheeconomyC)gasstationbackandforthgrocerystorekilling)drivinghabitspump)investigationssolidanswerscontrolopinion)demandputoffreadyplansmode【原文】WiththeNewYorkcommoditymarketpriceforoilatmorethan$abarrel,gasolinehasreachedrecordpricesthroughouttheUnitedStatesThepainisbeingfeltmoststronglyinCaliforniaThenationalpriceofgasolineaveragesjustovercentsperliteror$agallonIt'smorethanpercenthigherinCaliforniabecausethestatehasstringentrequirementsonfuelemissions,whichmaketheprocessingofpetroleummoreexpensivecentsaliterforgaswouldbeadreaminmanycountries,wherethecostisdoublethatButCaliforniadriverNverDilanian,whospendsalotoftimeinhercar,isgettingangry"Idon'tlikeitIdon'tlikeitatallIt'sridiculousIt'soutrageous"CaliforniadriverJayneVicensagreesthatgasistooexpensive"Iftherearesevendaysinaweek,I'matthegasstationatleastthreeorfourdaysnowbecauseofthebackandforthwithmykids,goingbackandforthtoschool,thegrocerystoreIt'sreallykillingme"OnereasonthehikehitshardinLosAngelesisthelackofgoodpublictransportationAnotherreason:manyCalifornians,whodrivelongdistances,ownoversizedsportutilityvehicles"WhatdoIdriveIdriveaFordBronco"Itcostshim$eachtimehefillshisgastankThisdriveragreesthatthepriceofgas,inhiswords,is"outrageous""However,Ihaven'tchangedmydrivinghabitsyetButeverytimeIfillupatthepump,ithurtsmoreandmore,"saysanotherdriverCaliforniatruckershavetakensomeactionTheyblockedaLosAngelesfreewayforseveralhoursrecentlytoprotesttherisingcostofdieselfuelThistruckersaysheandothercommercialdriversarelosingmoney"We'renotmakingitanymoreIt'stooexpensiveforustokeepworking"InWashington,DemocraticsenatorsareurgingPresidentBushtoreleasemillionsofbarrelsofoilfromtheUSStrategicPetroleumReserveAndinCalifornia,abipartisanstatecommissionisstudyingtheoilmarkettoseeiftheindustryispushingupretailpricesThisdriverisskepticalthatthecommissionwillchangeanything"Itjustseemsthatthegovernmentalwayslikestodoinvestigations,buttheyneverseemtocomeupwithanysolidanswersastowhytheykeepgoingupAndIdon'tthinktheyhaveanycontroloveritThat'smyopinion,"hesaysOwnersofseveralresortsinthemountaintownofBigBearareofferingafreetankofgastohotelguestsTheymaynotneedtodothat,accordingtoseveralstudiesonthetravelplansofAmericans,whichsaypeopleareplanningmoretravelforthecomingsummerseasondespitethehighercostsAsurveybytheAmericanAutomobileAssociationsaysmorethanmillionAmericanswilltravelontheMemorialDayweekendinlateMayAllenKayoftheTravelIndustryAssociationofAmericasayshisgrouphasalsofoundthatpeoplearetiredofstayingathome,assomehavedonesincetheterrorattacksofSeptember"Thereisagreatpentupdemandfortravel,"hesaid"Therearealotofpeoplewhohaveputofftripsthattheyhavewantedtotake,andthey'rereadytogoAndtheydon'twanttoputthoseplansoffanylongerAndthatholdsfortravelbycar,byplane,nomatterthemode"HeaddsthatthereisagrowingsenseofoptimismabouttheeconomyThismansayshe'snotdrivinganylesstoday,buttherisingcostofgasmayfuelsomechanges"I'mthinkingaboutbuyinganewcar,andI'mthinkingaboutbuyingsomethingthat'sfuelefficient,"hesaidCaliforniastateofficialsnotethatgasolinecostshavebeenhigherinthepast,adjustedforinflationTheysayin,theinflationadjustedpriceofgaswasnearlythreecentsaliterhigherthanthecosttodayTask:【答案】A)F)F)T)FB)Extendingdetentionperiodsforterrorsuspects)Theestablishmentofsecrettrialswithoutjuries)Wideruseofphonetapevidence)AlowerstandardofproofforconvictionsC)challengepostSeptemberthdebatingcircumstancediscouragementactionsbeingtakennofear)experienceafairtrialextremiststheirownhandsnolawinjusticesolve【原文】Britain'sHomeSecretaryDavidBlunkettcalledWednesdayfortoughernewpowerstocombatterrorismButheacknowledgedinparliamentthatfindingtherightbalancebetweengreatervigilanceandsafeguardingcivillibertieswouldnotbeeasyDavidBlunkettsaidhebelievesaterrorattackinBritainisinevitableHesaiditisnotaquestionifsuchanattackwillhappen,butratherwhenitmightoccurIntheHouseofCommons,thehomesecretaryoutlinedanumberofoptionshewouldliketoseedebatedinthecomingmonthsaimedatreducingthechancesofaterrorattacktakingplaceAmongthemeasuresheproposedareextendingdetentionperiodsforterrorsuspects,theestablishmentofsecrettrialswithoutjuries,wideruseofphonetapevidence,andalowerstandardofproofforconvictionsMrBlunkettsaysthesemeasuresarenecessary"ThechallengethatIthinkwewerefacedwithpostthethofSeptember,,andwearefacedagainwith,indebatingthisinthemonthsahead,ishowwecandealwithacircumstancewherewearenotpickingupprosecutionandpunishmentasawayofdiscouragementButweareactuallytryingtogetinatthebeginningtopreventactionsbeingtakenbythoseforwhomprosecutionandpunishmentholdnofear"ButcivilrightscampaignerssayMrBlunkett'sproposedmeasureswillbecounterproductiveShamiChakrabartifromtheLondonbasedhumanrightsgroup,Liberty,isoneofthem"TheexperienceofNorthernIrelandshowsthatwhenyoudetainpeoplewithoutafairtrial,yousendasignaltoextremiststhattheyareright,thattheyshouldtakethelawintotheirownhandsbecausethereisreallynolawAndthatinjusticeactuallybreedsterrorismItdoesnotsolveit"ShesaidBritainisholdingforeignterrorsuspectswithouttrialatBelmarshprisonunderexistinglawsMrBlunkettsaidthenewantiterrorismmeasureswillbedebatedforthenextsixmonthsbeforetheywillbeplacedbeforeparliamentforenactmentTask:【答案】A)ToguaranteehighstandardsandaccountabilityinAmericaneducation)ToputmorechildrenonthepathtosuccessinschoolandlifePurposeOutcome)ToraisetestscoresinmathandreadingStatesarerequiredtomakeeverypublicschoolaccountableforstudentachievementIftestscoresdonotmeasureupmeetthestandard,parentsmayMainContentsmovetheirchildrentobetterschools,andgetmoneyfortutoring)Thereformsrelyexcessivelyonstandardizedtests,andnotenoughonindividualneeds)Theplanisnotpracticalinseveralaspectsa)NoenoughmoneyisprovidedtomeetalldemandsfortutoringCriticismb)Betterschoolsmaynothaveenoughspacetoacceptstudentswhowanttoswitchschools)Theunderfundedplanhasplacedagreatburdenoneducatorsandlocalschooltaxes【原文】PartIPresidentBushstartsthenewyearcampaigningonsomeofthedomesticprogramshehopeswillhelphimwinreelectionMrBushsayshiseducationreformshaveraisedtestscoresinmathandreadingPresidentBushsaysthechangeshaveputmorechildrenonthepathtosuccessinschoolandinlifeHesaidthebiggestchangesineducationinagenerationareworking"Weexpectschoolstodotheirjob,andwe'rehelpingthemtodotheirjobSothere'snoexcuseforfailureWhenwesetahighstandard,weareshowingourbeliefinthecapacitiesofeverychild"ThesocalledNoChildLeftBehindreformsrequirestatestoholdeverypublicschoolaccountableforstudentachievementIftestscoresdonotmeasureup,theplanallowsparentstomovetheirchildrentobetterperformingschools,andprovidesmoneyfortutoring"WewillnolongerwriteoffsomechildrenashopelessWewillnolongeracceptorexcuseschoolsthatdonoteffectivelyteachthebasicsWewillinsistonhighstandardsandaccountability,becausewebelievethateveryschoolshouldteachandeverychildcanlearn"Criticssaythepresident'sreformsrelytoomuchonstandardizedtestsandnotenoughonindividualneedsTheysaythatforcesteacherstofocusonmaterialtheyknowwillbeonthetest,insteadofofferingabroaderviewofthesubjectThereisnotyetenoughmoneyintheplantomeetalldemandsfortutoring,andswitchingschoolsoftendependsonbetterschoolshavingenoughspacetoacceptnewstudentsIntheweeklyDemocraticradioaddress,NewYorkCongressmanTimBishopsaidthepresidentmustincreaseschoolfunding"ImprovingeducationisanAmericanpriorityButlastyear,itwasleftunderfundedbymorethan$billionThisgaphasplacedagreatburdenonoureducatorsandlocalschooltaxes"Democratssaythefederalgradingsystemisunfairinsomecases,becauseitrequiresyearlyprogressfromeverysubgroupofstudents,includingthosewithdisabilities,orthosewhospeakEnglishasasecondlanguagePresidentBushsaysitisnotunfairtoholdallstudentstothesamestandards"Ourreformsinsistonhighstandards,becauseweknoweverychildcanlearnOurreformscallfortestingbecausetheworstdiscriminationistoignoreaschool'sfailuretoteacheverychildAndourreformsidentifyunderperformingschools,becauseweneedtodirectourhelptotheschoolsthatneeditmost"PartIIExtract"Weexpectschoolstodotheirjob,andwe'rehelpingthemtodotheirjobSothere'snoexcuseforfailureWhenwesetahighstandard,weareshowingourbeliefinthecapacitiesofeverychild"(PresidentBush)Extract"WewillnolongerwriteoffsomechildrenashopelessWewillnolongeracceptorexcuseschoolsthatdonoteffectivelyteachthebasicsWewillinsistonhighstandardsandaccountability,becausewebelievethateveryschoolshouldteachandeverychildcanlearn"(PresidentBush)Extract"ImprovingeducationisanAmericanpriorityButlastyear,itwasleftunderfundedbymorethan$billionThisgaphasplacedagreatburdenonoureducatorsandlocalschooltaxes"(DemocratCongressmanTimBishop)Extract"OurreformsinsistonhighstandardsbecauseweknoweverychildcanlearnOurreformscallfortestingbecausetheworstdiscriminationistoignoreaschool'sfailuretoteacheverychildAndourreformsidentifyunderperformingschools,becauseweneedtodirectourhelptotheschoolsthatneeditmost"(PresidentBush
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