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首页 中国招投标(China Bidding)

中国招投标(China Bidding).doc

中国招投标(China Bidding)

學會銨瀞f
2018-11-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国招投标(China Bidding)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国招投标(ChinaBidding)中国招投标(ChinaBidding)ThebiddingsystemofconstructionprojectisthekeytothereformofconstructionindustryOurcountrybegantoenforcethebiddingsystemfrom,fortheestablishmentof"open,fairandjust"constructionmarkethastakenasolidstep,atthesametime,thechangeofconstructionenterprisesinthepastsimplyrelyingonadministrativemeansofdistributionprojectpracticeandpromotetheconstructionenterprisesfromproductiontoproductionandbusinesstransformationonlyplayedapositivetheroleofHowever,duetolawsandregulationslagreasonsofprojectconstruction,theconstructionunitsandconstructionenterpriseslackofeffectivesupervision,morethanyears,chaosintheconstructionmarkethavenotbeenradical,localblockadeandtheprotectionofthephenomenonisserious,therighttouseprivatetransactions,briberyphenomenonstillexists,theadministrativeinterventionwhenthereisalawofvaluethisphenomenoniscontrarytothemarketeconomy"faircompetition"fundamentally,theimpactofthe"openandimpartial"biddingcompetitionmechanism,hasseriouslyhinderedtheimplementationofthebiddingsystem,thebiddingworkisstillhoveringinthestateatthesametime,thetheoryofbiddingbiddingprocedures,lackofindepthstudyEvaluationmethodandevaluationmethodisnotscientificandstandardized,constructionbiddingmanagementmechanism,personnelquality,managementlevelFurtherimprovementisanotherfactorthatrestrictstheimplementationofthebiddingsystemInthispaper,withtheirownworkpractice,trytoanalyzethevariousinternalfactorsaffectingthebiddingwork,tenderandtendertodosomesuperficialdiscussion,deepentheconsciousnessofbiddingandstrictlyqualifythePrequalificationThebiddingsystemisthekeytothereformoftheconstructionindustryIfthereisnoonetoadapttosocialistmarketeconomyChinesebiddingmanagementway,withoutbiddingasetofscientificandstandard,thebiddingisdifficulttohavevitality,itisdifficulttostandardizetheconstructionmarket,constructionofcorruptioninthefieldofunwholesometendencieswouldbeverydifficulttoinvestigateandcorrect,therefore,constantlyimprovethebiddingthecurrentmanagementmethodisnotonlyshould,butalsoisnecessary"Survivalofthefittest"isoneofthemainobjectivesofbiddingAtpresent,theprequalificationofbiddingandtenderingislimitedtothebiddingentityandthelegalpersontoparticipateinthebiddinginperson,anditdoesnothaveanyrestrictionandrestrictiononthefakebidwithoutlegalpersonqualificationAtpresent,theconstructionmarketisstillnotstandardized,theconstructionunitusingtherightpackagebriberyphenomenonalsoexistsinalargeamountComparedwiththestateownedconstructionenterprises,theindividualcontractorsaredifficulttocompetewiththeindividualcontractorsinthemarketcompetitionduetotheinstitutionaldifferencesinthemodeofoperationInthebiddingactivities,individualcontractorsintheconstructionunitdefaultmadeafterpersuasionorbriberytoaconstructionenterpriseportalanchoredbyvariousmeans,andthenappearedtohavelegalqualifications(qualificationoflegaltenderunitsstampedwiththeofficialsealandlegalrepresentativeZhangJianIndia),thebiddingactivitiesintheconstructionoflegitimatethereachownpurposeWiththedeepeningofthemarketeconomy,thisphenomenonhasnotonlybeensuppressed,butalsointensified,andthelargertheproject,themorelikelythepossibilityofcounterfeitbiddingIfthisphenomenoncontinues,thebiddingwillbeamereformality,promisestothepeople,thenthebiddingwillbeontheroadtoruin,Therefore,wemustmakegreateffortstosolveitfundamentallyThefollowingmeasurescanbeadoptedtosolvetheabovementionedproblems:()strengthenthelegalsystemconstruction,andstrengthentheillegalbiddingforsanctionsSeverelypunishthedamagetothetenderingandbiddingdiscipline,thefakebiddingandallotherillegalcases,andstoptheoccurrenceofdisciplinarycases()strengthenthequalitytrainingoflegalrepresentativesofstateownedconstructionenterprisesFromthecurrentsituation,manysmallandmediumsizedprojectbiddinglegalcounterfeitphenomenon,liesinsomestateownedlargeandmediumsizedconstructionenterprisescannotaffordthelegalrepresentativeoftheindividualcontractorsugarcoatedbulletattacks,mostwillingtodotheweddingdressformenTherefore,thecomprehensivemanagementofConstructionEngineeringDepartmentandotherrelevantdepartmentsmuststrengthenthetrainingofthelegalrepresentativeoftheenterprise'squality,andtheviolationofpartyaverifiedthatuntilthedismissaldismissal,theonlywaytofundamentallycorrectthelegalrepresentativeoftheenterprisestyle,topreventtheoccurrenceofcounterfeitbiddingphenomenon()drawlessonsfromthematureexperienceofbiddingabroadTheestablishmentofacompletesetofrewardandpunishment,ofhighreputationandgoodqualityenterprisesgiverewardedinbiddingtolettheindividualcontractorfakebids,canceltheeligibilitycriteriayearstoimprovesupervision,thisawarenessofenterpriseemployees,hasimportantsignificancetoenhancetheawarenessoflawandthelegalrepresentativeoftheenterprise()toimproveandperfecttheprequalificationmeasuresforbiddingunitsTostrengthentheprojectmanagertobequalifiedtoexaminetheproject,withafixedpoint,theeffectissatisfactory,strengthenthemanagementofthebasebidBeforethebiddingandtenderingofourcountryarenotinlinewiththeinternationalpractice,thebiddingprojectmustbepreparedwiththebasebidWhetherthebidpriceisaccurateornot,whetherthebidpriceisconfidentialornotwilldirectlyaffectthesuccessorfailureofthewholebiddingworkTherefore,wemustincreasethestudyofthemanagementofthebasebidAtpresent,thereareaseriesofproblemsinthemanagementofthebasebid:()thepreparationofthebidbaseisnotcorrect,thesecrecyispoor,andthephenomenonof"leakage"occursfrequentlyInaccordancewiththeprovisionsoftheadministrativemeasures,thebidbaseshallbecompiledbytheconstructionunitortheagencyentrustedbyitBecausetheconstructionunitisunabletopreparethebasebidstrength,themissingitemhasappeared,andtheaccuracyofthebasebidisverypoorAtthesametime,becausemostoftheconstructionunitshavetheirownsubjectivetendencyintheproject,orbecauseofbribesorduetotherelationshipbetweensensibilities,alwayshopethatyouwanttousetheconstructionteam,sothebottomleakagephenomenonoccurs()thetenderbidpriceisnotreasonableenoughAtpresent,therearetwowaystodeterminethebidbaseprice,thefirstisthetenderevaluation,thebasebidprice=thebasebidthesecondisthetenderbidprice=(AB)methodItisnotdifficulttoimagine,thefirstmethodisnotconducivetothepossibilityofleakageofconfidential,bidding,thesecondisthefirstmethodinsecrecyandpreventtheleakageofmarkabigstepforward,butbecausethereisnoweakeningeffectofcostonthebasepriceofthebidevaluationfundamentallyachievethepurposeofrandom,alsothereisaleakthesubjectmaybeThefollowingwayscanbeusedtosolvetheseproblems:()strengthenthefunctionofbiddingagencyandprojectcostconsultationunit,andimprovethequalityofbidpreparationBiddingagenciesandengineeringcostconsultingunitsareestablishedbytheconstructionadministrativedepartmentsfrommanyaspectsofstrictassessment,thegeneraltechnicalforceisrelativelystrong,Personnelqualityisrelativelyhigh,andthereisastrictsetoftenderplans,securitymeasures,theirpreparationofthebasebidisgenerallymoreaccurate,goodconfidentialityTherefore,thebidbasecommissionedbyqualifiedagentstoprepare,caneffectivelyreducetheintermediatelinks,canpreventleakage()toimprovethemethodofdeterminingthetenderbidprice(AB)theadvantageofisthatitismoreintuitiveandeasytocalculateButbecausethepriceoffixedweight(),althoughthetimeinthebiddingdeadline,butthebudgetaslongaspeopleknowinadvancethesplicingofthebiddingcost,itiseasytoputinabidforbidderscanbidinanycasecostpointAndtheleakagephenomenonstillexistsTherefore,thecurrenttenderbidpricemustbefurtherdiscussedtheweightofthebidbaseTothisend,itisrecommendedthatthetenderbidpriceisdeterminedbypresstypeBidevaluationbidprice=(ABBi)(i)Intheformula,theAistheapprovedbasebidcost,andtheBiisthequotedpriceofthebidwithintherangeofAofthebasebid,andtheIisarandomnumberIntheformula,thequantityduetothebasebidisnolonger,butitvariesrandomlywiththenumberofbiddingunitsquotedatthebasepriceofAAweightforeachbidAandeffectivebidding,soitisdifficulttodetermineapricerangeofeffectivecontrol,soastoeffectivelypreventtheoccurrenceofleakageindisguisedform,itisworthmentioningthat,iftherangeofeffectivepricerangeislessthanthebasepriceofthebidbideffectivequotation,reliabilitybigstandardizedmanagementofbidevaluationandstandardizationmethodsBidevaluationisthemostcriticallinkinthebiddingprojectThislinkisdirectlyrelatedtotheoverallsituationofthetender,whetheritcanbeopen,fairandimpartial,relatedtowhowonthebid,butalsorelatedtothecredibilityofthebiddingworkinthepublicTherefore,eachofourworkerscannotregardasunimportantbidding,theexistenceofproblems()constructionprojectcontractingisnotdividedintotwokinds:contractingandcontractingTheformerisdifferentfromthelatter,butwiththerisingmarketprices,accordingtotherelevantprovisionsofthedocumenttoadjustthecostGenerallyspeaking,toreflectthebiddingquotationscore,inthecaseofdeathintheformofpackagecost,biddingpricemorethanstandardlow,ismorethanstandardpointsbiddingpriceismorehigh,themorepointsinstead,ifnotdeadintheformofpackagecost,standardpricebiddingfrommorerecent,scoresshouldbemore,fartherawayfromthetargetprice,themorepointsHowever,thecurrentbiddingmanagementdoesnotmakeanydifferencebetweentheabovetwoforms,andallofthemadoptthescoringmethodofthepackagecost,butitisveryunreasonabletousetheshootingstylescoring()inthecurrentconstructionprojectbidding,inadditiontoindividualsmallprojectstoadoptthelowestquotationevaluationcriteria,thegeneralprojectbiddingareadoptedpercentsystem,comprehensiveevaluationmethod,bidevaluationandcalibrationThecomprehensiveevaluationsystemofhundredpointsismoresuitableforthenationalconditionsofourcountry,andcanbetterchoosetheexcellentbidwinningunitsHowever,duetoastageofcomprehensiveappraisalmethodisnotafixedframe,foreachfactor'sweightcanbechanged,therefore,oncetheadministrativeintervention,orconstructionunits,orthetenderagentunit,orbidmanagementmechanismappearstendency,Comprehensiveappraisalmethodofrandomfactorswillchange,theweightischangedcorrespondingly,andavarietyoflegitimateunreasonable"falsetactics"and"humanscale"willoccuratrandomsolutionstoproblems()changequotationscoringmethodatpresent,accordingtothecontractindifferentways,namelydeathordeathpackagepackagecostthecostofthesetwodifferentforms,usingdiscretescoringform(forpackagecost,ordieway)(notsuitableforshootingscoreformpackageanddiecostmethod)()inviewofthecurrentcomprehensiveappraisalmethodstillexiststheproblemsmentionedabove,thecompetentadministrativedepartmentofconstructionbidding,startingfromstrengtheningthebiddingwork,calledthebackboneofbiddingmanagement,theimpersonalconditionsinvolvedinthecomprehensiveappraisalmethodandfactorstomakeandweightobjectiveaccordingtothedefinition,categoriesanddifferentlevelsofprojectcost,respectively,developedevaluationsetsstandardcalibrationmethod,theactualoperationisnolongerconcernedfactorsrelatedtodebatedirectlyfromthestandardevaluationstandardtodrawsuchdecisions,topromotethebiddingworkwillplayaninvaluableroleInaddition,suggestionstochangetheexistingbidevaluationmethodtogetherwiththetenderdocumentissuedtothetenderapproach,becausethePingbiaodingbiaoapproachaimstoobjectivelyevaluationbiddingunitstrength,performanceandcredibility,bidevaluationmethodsandtenderdocumentsissuedunderatender,preparethetenderdocumentsforbiddingunitscannolongerreflecttheinherentstrengthoftheenterprise,andaccordingtotheprovisionsofthebidevaluationmethod,thecheat,cheatthefalsefalse,andreliabilitygreatlyreducedthebiddingdocumentsTherefore,inordertoinvitebidstobe"open,fairandjust",itissuggestedthatthepartiesconcernedchangetheirexistingpractices,andnobidding,bidevaluationandratingmethodsshallbeapplied,strengthentheimplementationofthefirstevaluationoftechnicalstandards,aftertheevaluationofcommercialbidevaluationproceduresAtpresent,thebidevaluationproceduresfortenderingandbiddingmanagement,inadditiontoinnovationandchangeinsomelocalities,aregenerallyevaluatedandevaluatedaccordingtotheprocedureoffirstevaluatingthecommercialbidandthenevaluatingthetechnicaltargetThefirstprincipleofbidevaluationisthatitmustbeopen,fairandimpartial"However,becauseweusepointscomprehensiveevaluationmethodevaluation,comprehensiveevaluationmethodinthegeneralbusinessstandardscoreisrelativelyfixed,butdidnotchangewiththewillofthepeoplebutthetechnicalstandardisdifferent,becausetheconstructionorganizationdesignishardtoquantify,canonlybedeterminedaftercomparisonTherefore,itisdifficulttoguaranteethatthetechnicalbidwillnotbeinjectedintothetechnicalbiduntilthecommercialbidisevaluatedandthetechnicalbidwillbechanged,soastochangethewholepatternofbiddingandtendering,andtodiscreditthebiddingworkSolutionstoproblems:()inthetenderdocuments,thecommercialbiddocumentsandtechnicaldocumentsaresealedseparately,markedontheenvelopeandsealedonanoutsourcingseal()smallandmediumsizedengineering,becausetheworkloadissmall,relativelysimpletechnology,theevaluationcanbedividedintotheevaluationcommitteebusinessgroupandtechnicalgroup,theevaluationworkineachcasewereisolatedatthesametime,aftertheendofthebidthetwogroupstogether()biddingforlarge,mediumandextralargeprojects,duetothehugeengineeringandcomplicatedtechnical,muststrictlyimplementthefirstevaluationtechnicalbid,andthenevaluatethebiddingproceduresofthecommercialbidInordertoeffectivelyadheretothe"open,fairandjust"biddingprinciple,establishabidevaluationexpertlibraryBiddingmanagementatpresent,Pingbiaodingbiaoexternalexpertsorrecommendedbytheconstructionunit,orbythetenderingunitsandthetendermanagementmechanism,however,beforetheevaluationcanunderstandthespecificsituationofthejudges,ofteninpersonalpreferencebeforetheevaluationthroughvariouschannelsintosomeofthejudges,sogreatlyreducedthesubjectoftheevaluationcomponentofjusticeAsthejudgesarethemainmembersofthebidevaluation,thejudges'wordsanddeedswilldirectlyaffectwhethertheycanexecutethelawimpartiallyandfairlychoosethesuccessfulunitsTherefore,constructionadministrativedepartmentsmuststrengthenmanagement,establishasetofstrictselectionofjudgestothetalentconcerned(suchastheideaofgoodquality,uprightstyle,excellenttechnology)selectedexpertsinthelibrary,thecomputerstoredbeforetheevaluation(randomlyselectedexpertsincode,toappear)theevaluationteam,soyoucanbetterovercomethe"humanscale"and"feelings"phenomenon

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