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首页 初中高中英语语法大全

初中高中英语语法大全.doc

初中高中英语语法大全

印藏着爱情的名存
2017-09-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中高中英语语法大全doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

初中高中英语语法大全知秋研习社英语(高中)资料辅导老师:包巧林英语语法大全初中英语语法初中英语语法学习提纲一、词类、句子成分和构词法:、词类:英语词类分十种:名词、形容词、代词、数词、冠词、动词、副词、介词、连词、感叹词。、名词(n):表示人、事物、地点或抽象概念的名称。如:boy,morning,bag,ball,class,orange、代词(pron):主要用来代替名词。如:who,she,you,it、形容词():表示人或事物的性质或特征。如:adjgood,right,white,orange、数词():表示数目或事物的顺序。如:numone,two,three,first,second,third,fourth、动词(v):表示动作或状态。如:am,is,are,have,see、副词(adv):修饰动词、形容词或其他副词,说明时间、地点、程度等。如:now,very,here,often,quietly,slowly、冠词(art):用在名词前,帮助说明名词。如:a,an,the、介词(prep):表示它后面的名词或代词与其他句子成分的关系。如in,on,from,above,behind、连词(conj):用来连接词、短语或句子。如and,but,before、感叹词(interj)表示喜、怒、哀、乐等感情。如:oh,well,hi,hello、句子成分:英语句子成分分为七种:主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语、表语、宾语补足语。、主语是句子所要说的人或事物,回答是‚谁或者‚什么。通常用名词或代词担任。如:I’mMissGreen(我是格林小姐)、谓语动词说明主语的动作或状态,回答‚做(什么)。主要由动词担任。如:Jackcleanstheroomeveryday(杰克每天打扫房间)、表语在系动词之后,说明主语的身份或特征,回答是‚什么或者‚怎么样。通常由名词、代词或形容词担任。如:MynameisPingping(我的名字叫萍萍)、宾语表示及物动词的对象或结果,回答做的是‚什么。通常由名词或代词担任。如:Hecanspelltheword(他能拼这个词)有些及物动词带有两个宾语,一个指物,一个指人。指物的叫直接宾语,指人的叫间接宾语。间接宾语一般放在直接宾语的前面。如:Hewrotemealetter(他给我写了一封信)有时可把介词to或for加在间接连接or表“如果„,否则„”,有转折的意思此时or=ifyoudon’t„,you’ll„Hurryup,oryou’llbelate=Ifyoudon’thurryup,you’llbelate)either„or„:或者„或者„不是„就是„要么„要么„Aeither„or„连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词靠近哪个主语就与哪个主语保持“人称”和“数”的一致即就近原则。EitheryouorIamrightDoeseithersheortheylikeEnglish第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握B由either„or„引导的否定句是完全否定。Sheisn’teitherastudentorateacher)whether„or„不管„还是„Sheisalwayscheerful,whetherathomeoratschool表示因果关系的并列连词有:for(因为)so(所以)。Heisnotatschooltoday,forhehasabadcoldItwaslate,soIwenthome引导时间状语从句的从属连词有:before,after,when,while,as,till,until,since,assoonas等。Aftertheyhadplantedtheircrops,theytookarestWehavelearnedsixlessonssincehebegantoteachusAssoonashegetstoBeijing,he’llcallme)when,while,as都表示“当„„时”when从句谓语动词既可以是瞬间动词也可以是延续性动词可用于主从句动作同时发生或从句动作先于主句动作发生。while从句谓语动词只能是延续性动词侧重主从句动作同时发生。as引导一个持续性动作多用于主从句动作同时发生强调“一边„„一边”。WhenIcamein,myfatherwascookingIcameinwhenwhilemyfatherwascookingHesangashewalked)until用法:当主句谓语动词是延续性动词时主从句都用肯定式译为“直到„„为止”当主句谓语动词是瞬间动词时主句用否第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握定式从句用肯定式即not„until,译为“直到„„才”。MrGreenwaiteduntilhischildrencameback(格林先生一直等到他的孩子们回来)MrGreendidn’tgotobeduntilhischildrencameback(格林先生直到他的孩子们回来才睡觉)引导条件状语从句的从属连词有:if(如果),unless(除非如果„„不)等。Ifyoudon’tgosoon,you’llbelate=Unlessyougosoon,you’llbelate引导原因状语从句的从属连词有because,as,since等。because“因为”语气最强,回答why提问时只能用because其引导的从句可放在句首或句末as“由于”、since“既然”语气不如because强引导的从句常置于句首for是并列连词语气最弱对前面分句加以解释或补充说明其引导的分句常置于句末且用逗号隔开。Hedidn’tgotoschoolbecausehewasillAsitwasraining,wewenttherebybusSinceeverybodyishere,let’sbeginItmusthaverainedlastnight,forthegroundiswet注意:because与so不能同时使用。引导让步状语从句的从属连词有:althoughthough(虽然尽管),eventhoughif(即使)第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握AlthoughThoughitisaveryyoungcountry,itisveryrichEvenifthoughyouwerehereyesterday,youcouldn’thelphim注意:althoughthough引导的从句不能与but连用但可与yet,still连用。引导目的状语从句的从属连词有sothat和inorderthat(以便为了)等。Theteacherspokeloudlysothatinorderthatwecouldhearhimclearly引导结果状语从句的从属连词有:sothat(结果是)和sosuch„that„(如此„以至于)等。Itwasverycold,sothatthewaterinthebowlfrozeHegottheresoearlythathegotagoodseatItissuchaheavyboxthatnobodycanmoveit引导比较状语从句的从属连词有:as„as„(与„„一样),notasso„as„(不及赶不上),和than(比)等。IknowyoubetterthanshedoesHeworksascarefullyassheIcan’trunassofastasyou引导名词性从句的从属连词有:that和ifwhether(是否)等。Weknowthattheearthgoesaroundthesun(宾语从句)Iwonderifhehasreceivedmyemail(宾语从句)第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握Whetherhe’llgotherehasn’tbeendecided(主语从句)注意:在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中如果主句是将来时从句要用一般现在时。I’llgoonwiththeworkwhenIcomebacktomorrowHewon’tcomeunlessheisinvited三巩固练习、Idon’tlikereadingwatchingTVWhataboutyou“Idon’tlikereadingallday,IlikewatchingTVplays”A(and,butB(and,andC(or,andD(or,but、Youwon’tknowthevalue(价值)ofthehealthyouloseitA(untilB(afterC(whenD(because、WeboughtGrannyapresent,shedidn’tlikeitA(butB(andC(orD(so、Studyhard,youwillpasstheexamA(soB(forC(butD(and、Putonmoreclothes,you’llcatchcoldA(andB(forC(orD(but第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握、Myshoesarewornout,IneednewonesA(soB(ifC(becauseD(and、HeranfasthewontheraceA(enough„toB(so„thatC(too„toD(both„and、HeisonlytenmonthsHecanreadwriteA(either„orB(neither„norC(both„andD(so„that、ShesaidshemightcomeSaturdaySundayA(neither„norB(nither„orC(too„toD(so„that、IfTomMikeasksfortheircar,tellhimtocometomorrowA(orB(andC(withD(but、Itwasalreadyteno’clockwegottothemuseumthismorningA(thatB(whenC(ifD(for第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握、It’salongtimewemetlastA(soB(afterC(sinceD(before、ThatmathsproblemisdifficultnobodycandoitA(too„toB(very„thatC(so„thatD(very„but、I’llgiveherthemessageshecomesbackA(sinceB(beforeC(untilD(assoonas、theteachercameintotheclassroom,manystudentsweretalkingtoeachotherA(WhileB(IfC(SinceD(When、PeopleoftenmistakeusforeachotherwearetwinsA(ifB(whenC(becauseD(after、CouldyoutellmeinyourhometowninwinterA(ifitoftensnowedB(whetherdoesitoftensnowC(ifitoftensnowD(whetheritoftensnows、AreyousureMrLiwillcometoyourbirthdayparty第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握A(ifB(thatC(forD(when、LilyLucylikesingingA(Either„orB(Beither„nor„C(Both„andD(So„that、ReadthesentencesslowlywecanunderstandwhatyoureadA(sothatB(beforeC(untilD(because四答案、D、A、A、D、C、A、B、B、B、A、B、C、C、D、D、C、D、B、C、A第章构词法一概念英语的构词法主要有:合成法,转化法,派生法,混成法,截短法和词首字母缩略法二相关知识点精讲转化法英语中有的名词可作动词有的形容词可作副词或动词这种把一种词性用作另一种词性而词形不变的方法叫作转化法。)动词转化为名词很多动词可以转化为名词大多意思没有多大的变化(如下)有时意思有一定变化(如下)有的与一个动词和不定冠词构成短语表示一个动作(如下)。例如:Let'sgooutforawalk我们到外面去散散步吧。第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握Heisamanofstrongbuild他是一个体格健壮的汉子。Let'shaveaswim咱们游泳吧。)名词转化为动词很多表示物件(如下)、身体部位(如下)、某类人(如下)的名词可以用作动词来表示动作某些抽象名词(如下)也可作动词。例如:Didyoubookaseatontheplane你订好飞机座位了吗Pleasehandmethebook请把那本书递给我。Shenursedherhusbandbacktohealth她看护丈夫使他恢复了健康。Welunchedtogether我们在一起吃了午餐。)形容词转化为动词有少数形容词可以转化为动词。例如:Wewilltryourbesttobetterourlivingconditions我们要尽力改善我们的生活状况。)副词转化为动词有少数副词可以转化为动词。例如:Murderwillout(谚语)恶事终必将败露。)形容词转化为名词表示颜色的形容词常可转化为名词(如下)某些形容词如old,young,poor,rich,wounded,injured等与the连用表示一类人作主语时谓语用复数(如下)。例如:Youshouldbedressedinblackatthefuneral你在葬礼中该穿黑色衣服。Theoldinourvillagearelivingahappylife我们村的老年人过着幸福的生活。派生法在词根前面加前缀或在词根后面加后缀构成一个与原单词意义相近或截然相反的新词叫作派生法。)前缀除少数前缀外前缀一般改变单词的意义不改变词性后缀一般改变词类而不引起词义的变化。()表示否定意义的前缀常用的有dis,il,im,in,ir,mis,non,un等在单词的前面加这类前缀常构成与该词意义相反的新词。例如:appear出现disappear消失correct正确的incorrect不正确的lead带领mislead领错stop停下nonstop不停()表示其他意义的前缀常用的有a(多构成表语形容词),anti(反对抵抗),auto(自动),co(共同),en(使),inter(互相),re(再又),sub(下面的次小),tele(强调距离)等。例如:第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握alone单独的antigas防毒气的autochart自动图表cooperate合作enjoy使高兴internet互联网reuse再用subway地铁telephone电话)后缀英语单词不仅可以通过加前缀构成新词也可加后缀构成新词。后缀通常会改变单词的词性构成意义相近的其他词性少数后缀还会改变词义变为与原来词义相反的新词。()构成名词的后缀常用的有ence(e)ror(从事某事的人),ese(某地人)ess(雌性)ful(一„„)ian(精通„„的人)ist(专业人员)ment(性质状态)ness(性质状态)tion(动作过程)等。例如:differ不同于difference区别write写writer作家Japan日本Japanese日本人act表演actress女演员mouth口mouthful一口music音乐musician音乐家()构成动词的后缀常用的有(e)n(多用于形容词之后)fy(使„„化)ize(使„„成为)。例如:widewiden加宽beautybeautify美化purepurify提纯realrealize意识到organorganize组织()构成形容词的后缀常用的有alable(有能力的)(a)n(某国人的)en(多用于表示材料的名词后)ern(方向的)ese(某国人的)ful(ic)alishiveless(表示否定)like(像„„的)lyoussomey(表示天气)等。例如:nature自然natural自然的reason道理reasonable有道理的America美国American美国的China中国Chinese中国人的gold金子golden金的east东eastern东方的child孩子childish孩子气的snow雪snowy雪的()构成副词的常用后缀有ly(主要用于形容词之后表示方式或程度)ward(s)(主要用于表示方位的词之后表示方向)。例如:angry生气的angrily生气地to到towards朝„„向„„第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握east东方eastward向东()构成数词的后缀有teen(十几)ty(几十)th(构成序数词)。例如:six六sixteen十六sixteenth第十六four四forty四十fortieth第四十合成法)合成名词构成方式例词名词名词weekend周末名词动词daybreak黎明名词动名词handwriting书法名词及物动词er,orpainkiller止痛药名词介词名词editorinchief总编辑代词名词shewolf母狼动词名词typewriter打字机动名词名词readingroom阅览室现在分词名词flyingfish飞鱼形容词名词gentleman绅士副词动词outbreak爆发介词名词afternoon下午)合成形容词名词形容词snowwhite雪白的名词现在分词Englishspeaking讲英语的名词to名词facetoface面对面的名词过去分词manmade人造的数词名词oneway单行的数词名词形容词twoyearold两岁的数词名词edfivestoreyed五层的动词副词seethrough透明的形容词名词highclass高级的形容词名词ednobleminded高尚的形容词形容词lightblue浅蓝色的形容词现在分词goodlooking相貌好看的副词形容词evergreen常青的副词现在分词hardworking勤劳的副词过去分词wellknown著名的副词名词fastfood专门提供快餐服务的介词名词downhill下坡的)合成动词名词动词sleepwalk梦游形容词动词whitewash粉刷副词动词overthrow推翻)合成副词第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握形容词名词hotfoot匆忙地形容词副词everywhere到处副词副词however尽管如此介词名词beforehand事先介词副词forever永远)合成代词代词宾格selfherself她自己物主代词selfmyself我自己形容词名词anything任何东西)合成介词副词名词inside在„„里面介词副词within在„„之内副词介词into进入截短法(缩略法)截短法即将单词缩写词义和词性保持不变主要有截头、去尾、截头去尾等形式。)截头telephonephoneaeroplaneplaneomnibusbus)去尾mathematicsmathscooperatecoopexaminationexamkilogramkilolaboratorylabtaxicabtaxi)截头去尾influenzaflurefrigeratorfridgeprescriptionscript混合法(混成法)混合法即将两个词混合或各取一部分紧缩而成一个新词。后半部分表示主体前半部分表示属性。newsbroadcastnewscast新闻广播televisionbroadcasttelecast电视播送smokeandfogsmog烟雾helicopterairportheliport直升飞机场首尾字母缩略法首尾字母缩略法即用单词首尾字母组成一个新词。读音主要有两种形式即各字母分别读音作为一个单词读音。veryimportantpersonVIP(读字母音)要人大人物televisionTV(读字母音)电视第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握TestingofEnglishasaForeignLanguageTOEFL托福Nato定语从句一:先行词:被定语从句所修饰的词二:关系代词:用来连接定语从句并在从句中代表先行词的代词。先行词是物:whichthat先行词是人:whothat在从句中的作用:主语、宾语、表语egTheyhadaradioItcouldsendoutmessagesTheyhadaradiowhichthatcouldsendoutmessage(主语)ThegirlismybestfriendShespokejustnowThegirlwhothatspokejustnowismybestfriend(主语)HealwaysbuyssomebooksHeneverreadthemHealwaysbuyssomebooks(whichthat)heneverread(宾语)注意点:)定语从句一般直接跟在先行词的后面:egThemanwholivesnextdoorsellsvegetablesThemansellsvegetableswholivesnextdoor(×)ThecarwhichmyunclejustboughtwasdestroyedintheearthquakeThecarwasdestroyedintheearthquakewhichmyunclejustbought(×)()关系代词在从句中作宾语时可以省略:egTheyoungman(who)yousawwasourmanagerThereissomething(that)wemustkeepinmind)关系代词在从句中作介词的宾语时介词常可以提前但介词提前时关系代词只能第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握用which或whomegThemanisafamousrunnerYoutalkedtohimjustnowThemantowhomyoutalkjustnowisafamousrunnerThechairismadeofwoodHeissittingonitnowThechaironwhichheissittingnowismadeofwoodHeisalibraryassistantIborrowedsomebooksfromhimHeisalibraryassistantfromwhomIborrowedsomebooksItisafamousschoolHegraduatedfromityearsagoItisafamousschoolfromwhichhegraduatedyearsagoTheserviceshouldbeimprovedThestudentscomplainalotaboutitTheserviceaboutwhichthestudentscomplainalotshouldbeimproved有一些动词短语中的介词是固定搭配不可以拆开一般还是放在动语之后不提前:egHeisthestudentTheteachersarelookingforhimHeisthestudentwhotheteachersarelookingforThenumberofthechildrenisShetakescareofthechildrenThenumberofthechildrenwhoshetakescareofis三:whose的用法:的”时它既可以修饰指人的先行词也可以修饰指物的先行词。,,关系代词与其后的名词构成所有格即“egThegirlismydaughterHerworkgotthefirstprizeThegirlwhoseworkgotthefirstprizeismydaughterDoyouknowanyoneHisfamilyisinXianThebookisnotmineThecoverofitisredIliveintheroomThewindowsofitfacesouthThechairhasbeenrepairedThelegofitwasbroken第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握四:限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句:限制性定语从句:主句和从句不隔开从句不能省略否则就会失掉意义不能成立。HeisreadingabookwhichistoodifficultforhimHereistheboywhodamagedtheglass非限制性定语从句:主句和从句用逗号隔开从句对修饰的部分起到进一步说明的作用拿掉后其它部分的语意仍保持完整。egThebookiswrittenbyGuoJinming,whoisonlyyearsoldBobsfather,whowasanengineer,spentyearsinEgyptShanghai,whichisdevelopingfast,hasbecomeoneofworldstradecenter注意点:非限制性定语从句不能用that引导egSheisveryfondofFrench,whichindeedshespeaksquitewellwhich还可以用来指代上文中的一件事情egTheirhouseiswashedawaybythefloods,whichmadethemverysadHelosthisjobfinally,whichwasexactlywhatwewanted介词which:Thepicturehepaid$wasonceownedbyakingCanyouthinkofasituationthiswordcanbeusedImgratefultohimforthatadvice,Iowedallmysuccess关系副词:whenwherewhy当先行词是表示时间的名词用when在定语从句中充当时间状语这时一般可以用介词which来代替:egIwillneverforgetthedayIwenttouniversityonthatdayIwillneverforgetthedaywhenonwhichIwenttouniversity第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握HestillrememberthemorningTheearthquakehappenedonthatmorningHestillrememberthemorningwhenonwhichtheearthquakehappened当先行词是表示地点的名词用where在定语从句中充当地点状语这时一般可以用介词which来代替:egThisisthehouseHeusedtoliveinthehouseThisisthehousewhereinwhichheusedtoliveIknowofaplaceWecanswiminthatplaceIknowofaplacewhereinwhichwecanswimIsthereanyshoparoundIcanbuyapenintheshopIsthereanyshoparoundwhereinwhichIcanbuyapen先行词是表示原因的名词即reason用why在定语从句中充当原因状语这时一般可以用forwhich来代替:egIdontknowthereasonHediditforthisreasonIdontknowthereasonwhyforwhichhediditThereasonwasnotclearHewasfiredforitThereasonwhyforwhichhewasfiredwasnotclear注意点:当表示时间、地点和原因的名词在从句中不是作状语而是在从句中作主语或宾语时还是应用whichthategThisisthedatewereproudofThisisthedatehewasbornIwillneverforgetthetimewespenttogetherThisisthefactorymymotherworksThisisthefactorywevisitedlastweek第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握IsthisfactoryyouvisitlastweektheoneBwhereCwhichDthatThisfactoryistheone(thatwhich)youvisitlastweekIdontbelievethereasonhegaveforhisdecisionAnotherreasonhemadethisdecisionisthathehadtoconsiderthefeelingsofothers关系词的选择,(只用thata当先行词是不定代词如all,everything,anything,nothing,much,few,little,none,theone等AllthatcanbedonehasbeendoneIdidntmeanthisoneImeantheonethatwasboughtyesterdayb先行词(指物的)前面有only,few,oneof,little,no,all,every,very等词修饰时TheresnodifficultythatwecantovercomeIvereadallthebooksthatcanbeborrowedherec先行词被序数词first,last,next等或形容词的最高级修饰时ThisisthefirstletterthatIvewritteninJapaneseSheisthemostcarefulgirlthatIveeverknownd当先行词既有人又有物时TheytalkedabouttheteachersandschoolsthattheyhadvisitedThespeakertalkedofsomewritersandbooksthatwereunknowntous第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握e当先行词是系动词be后面的表语或关系词本身是从句的表语时ChinaisntthecountrythatsheusedtobeyearsagoHeisnolongerthemanthatheusedtobeItsabookthatwillhelpyouagreatdealf(当主句是以who,which或what开头的特殊疑问句时WhoisthemanthatiswaitingatthebusstopWhichisthecarthatovertookusyesterdayg当主句以Therebe…结构开头时或关系代词在therebe…结构中作实义主语先行项为物ThereisaseatinthecornerthatisstillfreeTherearetwoticketsofthefilmthatareforyouTheisthefastesttrainthattherehaseverbeenh当先行词是what时Whatdidyouhearthatmadeyousoangryi当先行词是基数词时YesterdayIcaughttwofishandputtheminabasinofwaterNowyoucanseethetwothatarestillaliveB只用whicha在非限制性定语从句充当主语或定语Theyhavethreehouses,whicharebuiltofstoneb当关系代词前有介词时ThisisthefactoryinwhichweonceworkedWestudyintheclassroomofwhichthedoorsfacesouth第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握c(当先行词本身that是时Whatsthatwhichflashedintheskyjustnowd当关系代词后面带有插入语时HereistheEnglishgrammarbookwhich,asIhavetoldyou,willhelpimproveyourEnglishIveboughtyousomebookswhichIthinkmayinterestyouC只用who不用thata先行词是one,ones或anyone时OnewhodoesnotworkhardwillneversucceedAnyonewhobreaksthelawshouldbepunishedSheistheonlyoneofthestudentswhohasbeentotheUSAb先行词为those或被those修饰指人时Thosewholearnnotonlyfrombooksbutalsothroughpracticewillsucceedc在以therebe…的句子中先行词为人时Thereisacomradeoutsidewhowantstoseeyoud当定语从句中又有定语从句且先行项都为人时Thestudentthatwonthefirstprizeisthemonitorwhoworksharde当指人的先行项被一些指物的名词修饰时There„sonlyonestudentintheschoolwhoIwanttoseeDoyouknowthewomaninbluewithababyonherbackwhoisworkinginthefieldsf在非限制性定语从句中指人Imetafriendofmineinthestreet,whohadjustcomefromAmericag定语从句中有插入语时,并不影响关系代词和副词的选择。JacksonisamanwhoIbelieveishonestHewonanotheraward,whichIthinkistheresultofhishardwork第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握D在定语从句中whose作定语其先行项既可以是人又可以是物LeiFengwasagreatcommunistfighterwhosedeathwasweightierthanMountTaiWheresthewindowwhoseglassisbrokenE在定语从句关系副词when,where,why与关系代词which,that的关系Julyst,isthedaythatwhichweChineseshouldalwaysrememberThisistheplacethatwhichtheyvisitedlastyearPleasegivemeareasonthatwhichcouldaccountforyourabsenceIstillrememberthedaywhen(=onwhich)IjoinedthearmyThisistheroomwhere(=inwhich)LuxunoncelivedAnotherreasonwhy(=forwhich)heworkshardisthathehaspasstheexamFas,which的比较a在非限制性定语从句中均可替代整个主句或句中某个部分在从句中作主语宾语表语(如从句在主句之后两者皆可用Theyfailedintheexam,aswhichisnaturalSheseemsascientist,aswhichinfactsheisGrammarisnotasetofdeadrules,whichasIhavesaidbeforeb如从句在主句之前用asAsweallknow,hisparentswerekilledinthiswarAsisknowntoall,theearthtravelsaroundthesunc如关系代词代表主句全句意思有:正如(((::就象(((:之意时用asWewonthematch,aswehadexpectedHeagreedtotheplan,aswastobeexpectedd当先行项被thesame,such,so修饰时用asThisisthesamebookasyouboughtyesterday同类书(比较:Thisisthesamebookthatyouboughtyesterday同一本书)Dontbelieveinsuchmenaspraiseyoutoyourface第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握Inevergivemystudentssodifficultaquestionasnoonecanworkoute当从句内容对主句内容起消极作用则用whichTheyoungmancheatedhisfriendoutofmuchmoney,whichwasdisgra定语从句小结as也可以用来引导非限制性定语从句用来指待一件事这时它的位置可以放在句首、句中和句尾。egHeisanAmerican,aswhichweknowfromhisaccentAsweknowfromhisaccent,heisanAmericanHe,asweknowfromhisaccent,isanAmericanAshasbeensaidabove,grammarisnotasetofdeadrulesGrammar,ashasbeensaidabove,isnotasetofrulesGrammarisnotasetofdeadrules,aswhichhasbeensaidabove正如:Aseveryoneknows,asyoumaystillremember,asyousaid,asIcansee,ashasbeenmentionedabove,asyoumayhaveheard,andetc定语从句的练习:Ipassedhimaglassofwhiskey,hedrankatonceHespoketomeinawayIdontatalllikeItisafamousuniversityhegraduatedyearsagoAreyoutheladyaskedforhelpTheservicestudentscomplainalotshouldbeimprovedHeworksinacollegestudentsareallwomenThepicturehepaid$wasonceownedbyakingCanyouthinkofasituationthiswordcanbeused第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握Wecanseeveryclearlythemethodthecomputersworkheintroducedjustnow,DrBakerisanexpertinBiologyImgratefultohimforthatadvice,IowedallmysuccessThisisthefamousstarphotosareonthismagazineThescienceofmedicine,progresshasbeenveryrapidlately,isperhapsthemostimportantofallthescience三巩固练习ThatmanwasenoughnottotellthemanagerthathewouldnotdothejobAcareBcarefulCcarelessDcarelessnessThesoldierdiedforsavingthechildsohisisheavierthanMountTaiAdieBdeadCdiedDdeathThechildlookedathisbrotherwhowasbadlywoundedAsadlyBsadnessCsadlyDsadHeisanexpertatchemistryWeallcallhimaAchemistryBchemicalCchemistDphysician第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握Thethreechairisn’tsuitableforayoungchildHemayfalloffAleggingBleggedClegsDlegedStephensonbecametherailwayengineerintheworldAleadBleaderCleadingDleadershipWhentheteacherpraisedhimforworkingoutthemathsproblemJacklookedaboutathisclassmatesAproudBproudlyCprideDpridelyToeveryone’sthegirlfinishedthejobquitewellAsatisfiedBsatisfactoryCsatisfyingDsatisfactionWhatareyoudoinghereOhmyteacheraskedmetowriteapassageaboutinEnglishYoucanwritepassageinEnglishAwordsawordsBwordawords第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握CwordsawordDwordsawordsNooneshouldenterthespotwithouttheofthepoliceApermitBpermissionCpermittingDpermittenceYoumustcomewithustothepoliceOurheadiswaitingforyouAheadquartersBheadlineCheadmasterDheadacheLettingthatanimalescapewasnoaccidentyoudiditAintendBintentionCintentionallyDintentionalTheshopownerwelcomedalltheguestswithasmileApracticeBpractiseCpracticalDpracticedTheorderedhimtopaya$fineAjudgerBjudgmentCjudgeDjudgementMyTVisoutoforderCanyoutellmewhatis第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握thenewsaboutIraqWarAlatelyBlatestClaterDlatterTheGreatWallismorethanliinAlongerBlengthClongDlongingTomyIpassedtheexameasilyAjoyBjoyfulCjoylessDjoynessCanadaismainlyancountryAEnglishspeakingBspeakEnglishCspokenEnglishDEnglishspokenHowheis!HeisalwaysactingHeisreallyaAfoolishfoolishlyfoolBfoolfoolishfoolCfoolishfoolfoolDfoolishlyfoolishfoolThenecklacethatshelostisveryexpensiveIt’sofgreatAvaluableBvalueCvaluelessDunvaluable第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握TherewerefishintheriverinSouthAmericaAindangerBdangerCdangerousDdangerlessTheletter“b”intheword“doubt”isAsoundBsilentCsilenceDsoundedThechildlookedatmeAstrangerBstrangelyCstrangeDstrangelessTheblackpeoplewereagainstslaveryandfoughtfortheirbravelyAfreeBfreelyCfreedomDfreesWhatyousaidsoundedbutinfactitwasuntrueAreasonableBreasonfulCreasonlessDunreasonWehavetolearntechnologyfromothercountriesAadvanceBadvancingCadvantageDadvancedThechildrenliveinavillageTheycomeherealmosteveryday第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握AnearbyBnearCnearlyDnearbyMrBlackisaninthearmynotaninthegovernmentYoucannoteasilyfindhiminhisAofficialofficerofficeBofficerofficeofficialCofficialofficialofficialDofficerofficialofficeYou’dbettergiveupsmokingifyouwanttokeepAhealthBhealthyChealthilyDhealthierspeakingIdidn’tdoitonpurposeAHonestlyBHonestCHonestyDDishonest四答案BDACBCBDCBACDCBBAAABCBBCADADBA第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成功更多英语学习资料请访问wwwxlannetcn。在线学习英语听说读写全掌握第页总共页wwwxlannetcn祝你中考成
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