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首页 中国新一代运载火箭(New generation launch vehicle of China…

中国新一代运载火箭(New generation launch vehicle of China).doc

中国新一代运载火箭(New generation launch…

吴红叶
2018-09-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国新一代运载火箭(New generation launch vehicle of China)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国新一代运载火箭(NewgenerationlaunchvehicleofChina)中国新一代运载火箭(NewgenerationlaunchvehicleofChina)Inthepast,China'sspaceindustryhasbeenbringingnewsurprises,especiallythefirstlunarexplorationprojectInfact,theChang'elunarsatellitelaunchwithinaweek,thatiswhentheearthisstillphasingorbitstageoperation,ChineseAerospacebeganconstructionofanewgenerationofTianjinrocketandindustrialbaseinHainanWenchanglaunchtwoprojectsAsforthecomprehensiveeffectofthefuture,thetwobaseswillbemoreeffectiveaftertheircompletionAsweallknow,thelaunchingofanyspacecraftcannotbeseparatedfromthecorrespondingsafeguardsandcoordinationofseveralmajorengineeringsystemsSuchasthelaunchofthe"Shenzhou"spacecraftmannedspaceengineeringsystem,needsevenorderlycoordinationtovigorouslyimplementlaunchingofChang'elunarexploration,organicinteractionbetweenfiveengineeringsystemsandtocompletetimelyconvergenceAlthoughsomesystemshavechangedincomparisonwiththespacemissionsthatperformdifferentmissions,spacecraftsystems,launchvehiclesystems,launchsitesystems,andmeasurementandcontrolsystemsareindispensableAsaresult,itisnotdifficulttounderstandtheextremeimportanceoftheconstructionofthesetwoengineeringbasesThereasonsforthedevelopmentofanewgenerationoflaunchvehiclesAsisknowntoall,Chinahassuccessivelydevelopedkindsof"LongMarch"and"stormNo"carrierrocketsItscarryingcapacityofnearearthorbitistotons,andthegeosynchronousorbitistotonsofhighorbitcarryingcapacityTheRocketstookofffromJiuquan,Xichang,Taiyuanthreelaunchcenter,fromApril,toNovember,hasdifferenttypesofdomesticsatellite,foreignmadesatellitesanddevelopedshipsofthe"Shenzhou"spacecraftintospaceorbitThespacecraftcovertheearth'sfourtypesoforbits,namely,direct,solar,stationary,andpolarOctober,"LongMarchNothree"rockettheChang'elunarsatelliteontheorbit,tobecomeChina'saerospaceindustrydevelopmenthistoryafterthesuccessfullaunchofsatellitesandmannedspacecraftofthethirdmilepost,alsobecometheUnitedStates,Russia,theEuropeanspaceagencyworld'sfourthmainbrandsrocketsperformspacelaunchovercountriesInviewofthewesterndevelopedcountrieshasalwaysbeentheprimarytaskofseizingspacesuperiorityasaerospace,continuestoacceleratethedevelopmentofnewvehicles,atthebeginningofthenewcenturyhascomeoutoftheUnitedStates"delta"rocket,theESAArianerocket"improvedandJapanHArocket,thehighesthighorbitcarryingcapacityrespectivelytons,tonsandtonsInordertomakeChina'srockettechnologycontinuetohaveaplaceintheworldspacelaunchmarket,itisurgenttodevelopanewgenerationoflaunchvehiclesFromthesituationofscienceandtechnologydevelopmentbothinChinaandaroundtheworld,itisimperativetodevelopanewgenerationoflaunchvehiclesFirst,withthedevelopmentofinformationtechnology,theapplicationsatellitesshowthetrendofheavyandconstellation,andputforwardhigherrequirementsforlaunchvehiclesTwo,withthedevelopmentofspacetechnology,avarietyofcelestialbodies,spacetelescopesandmannedspacecraftwillbediversifiedandnewrequirementsforlaunchvehicleswillbeputforwardThree,withthedevelopmentofenvironmentalprotectiontechnology,moreandmorepeopleattachimportancetotheenvironmentoftheearthfrompollution,andputforwardthereplacementrequirementsforthelaunchvehiclesusingpoisonousandharmfulpropellantInviewofthis,inOctober,,China'snewgenerationofcarrierrocketindustrializationbaseinTianjinBinhaiNewAreastartedconstructionCharacteristicsandperformanceofanewgenerationoflaunchvehiclesThenewgenerationcarrierrocket,alsoknownasanewtypeoflargethrustlaunchvehicle,willbeunifiedintothe"LongMarchfive"seriesIthasthreedistinctcharacteristics:first,largethrustTherocketlaunchshouldbeabletomeetthedifferentusesoflargesatellites,spacecraftandspacestationmissionneeds,canundertakethedomesticandforeignnewspacecraft,carryingcapacitywillcontinuetooccupythefrontseatsintheworldspacehightechnologyfieldstwoisnopollutionTheoriginaluseofnontoxicliquidrocketpropellant,notonlytocontinuetouse,butalsotoimprovetheenginethrustTheoriginaluseoftoxicUDMHandnitrogentetroxidepropellant,onlytobereplacedbynontoxickeroseneandliquidoxygen,andtheengineisalsolargeInotherwords,thenewgenerationcarrierrocketisanontoxic,pollutionfree"green"rocketthree,thecostislowToachieveuniversality,serializationandcombinationdesign,rocketsnotonlyformhighreliability,butalsoreducemanufacturingcostsThetechnicalschemeofanewgenerationcarrierrocketwithahighstartingpointcanbesummarizedbyonefocus,twopowersystemsandthreemodulesAkeytothedevelopmentoflargerocketmetersindiameterasthefocustwokindsofpowersystemusingliquidrocketenginethrustoftonsandtonsofliquidoxygenkeroseneenginethrustoftwonewpowersystemthethreemodulebymeters,metersandmetersindiameterforthethreerocketmodulethreebaseThroughthecombinationofmodular,theaxialandtransversebundleseriesparallelsharedmode,canreducethedevelopmentworkload,modelcanbeformedsixkindsofhighorbitandloworbitrocketeightseries,tomeetthedifferentneedsofthelaunchweightItsnearearthorbitcarryingcapacitycancovertotons,andthegeostationarytransfertrackcarryingcapacitycancovertotonsThemaximumvalueofboththantheLongMarchrocketstotheactualuseofthemaximumcarryingcapacityisabouttimeshigher,canlaunchtonmannedspacestation,largespacetelescopeanddeepspaceprobesandheavysatellites,whichhavetheabilityofsmallrocketstarormultisatellitesatellitecanmeetthesmallerheavyweight,halfLcenturydomesticandinternationalspacelaunchmarketneedsOpeningofHainannewspacelaunchingsiteWhilethenewgenerationcarrierrocketisbeingsteppedup,ChinawillalsobuildanewspacelaunchsiteinHainan,WenchangProvince,tomeettheneedsofanewgenerationofnontoxicandnonpollutinglaunchvehiclesandnewspacecraftlaunchingmissionsInOctober,,thepreliminaryworkofthenewspacelaunchingsitebeganThenewlaunchingsiteisexpectedtobebuiltin,coveringanareaofthousandmuItwillbecomposedoftechnicalareas,launchingzones,commandandcontrolcenters,trackingandmeasuringstations,andtechnicalsupportsystemsforcommunication,meteorologyandtransportationThefuturewillbemainlyresponsibleforthelaunchofsatellitessuchasgeosynchronousorbitsatellites,largemasspolarorbitingsatellites,largetonnagespacestationsanddeepspaceprobesSincethefoundingofthedomesticandinternationalbackgroundandhistoricalreasons,China'sexistingJiuquan,Xichang,Taiyuanthreespacelaunchcenterwerebuiltintheinlandareas,thereisarailwaytransportisnotconducivetothedevelopmentoflargelaunchvehicle,launchthehighgeographiclatitudecannotmakefulluseoftheearthfromthepoorsafetydegreeandspeedofflighttestregiondefectTherefore,asanimportantprojectofanewgenerationofrocketresearchsupportingtheuse,inHainancityofWenchangprovincetobuildanewspacelaunchcenterSo,facingthevastexpanseofthePacificOceanthroughfieldemission,watertransportlargetransportgiantrockets,morelatitudetouselowrotationspeedoftheearthsoastosaveenergy,thelandingpositionoftherocketiseasytobechosenThesafetyoftheirflightareacanbecompletelysolved,alsoeasytocarryoutinternationalexchangesandcooperationThenewlaunchsiteaftertheopeningoftheJiuquansatellitelaunchcenterwillcontinuetobeartheloadrecoverablesatellites,aerospaceengineeringandothermissiontheTaiyuansatellitelaunchcenterismainlyresponsibleforsunsynchronousorbitsatellitelaunchmissionXichangsatellitelaunchcenteraspartofanewlaunchsite,takeemergencymissionInfact,allcountriesthatdevelopspacescienceandtechnologymakethebestuseofthespaceneartheequatortobuildaspacelaunchsiteTheUnitedStatesinthesoutheastoftheAtlanticfaceFloridaCapebuildingspacelaunchcenterIndiainthesoutheastfacingthebayofBengalseaSriharikotaspacelaunchcenterconstructionTheEuropeanSpaceAgencyislocatedneartheequatorinFrenchGuianaKuruareaconstructionofspacelaunchsiteJapanlaunchedthespacelaunchcenteratitssouthernmostsiteinTanegashimaFourlargecompaniesintheUnitedStates,Russia,UkraineandNorwaytoformtheequatorialPacificsealaunchcompanyselectedasamaritimespacelaunchsiteHainanCity,WenchangProvince,isnotonlyinthelowlatitudes,butalsohasgoodnaturalconditionsbesidesthemostimportantgeographicalpositionHere,flatopen,geologicalstructureandstability,goodweatherconditions,temperaturechangeslittle,abundantwaterresources,lowpopulationdensity,bettervisibilityenvironmentThenewgenerationcarrierrocketproducedbyTianjinBinhaiNewAreawillarriveattheWenchangspacelaunchsiteinHainanbyaspecialshipInthefuture,whenthenewgenerationcarrierrocketislaunchedintotheair,itwillmarkanewstepforthepeacefuldevelopmentandutilizationofspaceresourcesinourcountry

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